Hugh De Sutton, progenitor of the Barons of Dudley, was a native of Nottinghamshire, England. He married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of William Patrick, lord of the moiety of the Barony of Malpas, county Chester.
(II) Richard De Sutton married Isabel, only daughter and heir of Rotherick, son of Griffin.
(III) Sir John De Sutton, Knight, first Baron of Dudley, married Margaretta, sister and co-heir of John De Somerie; Lord Dudley probably lived and died in the town of Dudley, England.
(IV) John De Sutton, second Baron of Dudley, married Isabel, daughter of John De Charlton, Lord Powis. He died at Dudley, 1376.
(V) John De Sutton, third Baron of Dudley, married Elizabeth, daughter of Lord Stafford. He died at Dudley, 1406.
(VI) John De Sutton, fourth Baron of Dudley, and lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born 1401, and died early in the reign of Henry VI.
(VII) John Sutton, fifth Baron of Dudley, and knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, and treasurer of the King's household, married Elizabeth, widow of Sir Edward Charlton, and daughter of Sir John Berkley, of Beverston, county Gloucester.
(VIII) Sir Edmund Sutton, Lord Dudley, married (first) Joice, sister and co-heir of John Tiploft, Earl of Worcester.
(IX) Thomas Dudley married the daughter and co-heir of Launcelot Threlkeld, Esq., of Tornorth.
(X) Captain Roger Dudley, believed to be son of Thomas Dudley, was killed in the wars in early life, about 1586. He left two children - Thomas, mentioned below, and a daughter who doubtless died in England.
(1.) Governor Thomas Dudley (first in the American line), son of Captain Roger Dudley, was the immigrant ancestor. He was born about 1676, in the vicinity of Northampton, England. His father was a military man who flourished in the time of Robert Dudley, Queen Elizabeth's famous Earl of Leicester, and appears to have been one of his soldiers sent over by the Queen to aid Henry of Navarre to establish his throne, and to have fallen in the famous battle of Ivry. Captain Dudley is presumed to have been of the Dudley Castle race. Thomas Dudley himself used a seal bearing the Dudley arms - a lion rampant, with a star for difference.
Governor Dudley's mother was a kinswoman of Augustine Nichols, of Faxton, Northamptonshire, who was born at Ecton, that county, in 1559; judge of the court of common pleas and Knight of the Bath, who received his law education at the Middle Temple at London and became reader there during the last year of the reign of Elizabeth, and sergeant-at-law at the following Michaelmas term. Nicholls was also keeper of the Great Seal to Prince Charles, and was of a distinguished family. His grandfather, a gentleman and physician, died in 1575, aged ninety-six. His father, Thomas Nicholls, born 1530, died June 29, 1568, and was buried at Hinchley, Northamptonshire; was apparently reader of the Middle Temple in 1566, his arms being on one of the windows of the Temple Hall. Thomas Nicholls married Anne, daughter of John Pell, of Eltington, son of Thomas.
Not even the name of Governor Dudley's mother is know, however, and the degree of kinship to Judge Nicholls is still problematical. The wife of Captain Roger Dudley must have died when Thomas was very young. Mrs. Purefoy, a gentlewoman related to him, famous for her piety and wisdom in the region around Northmpton and for her philanthropic works, took extraordinary care of him; by her efforts he was trained up in some Latin school, where he learned the rudiments of grammar and literature, which he much improved afterward by his own industry to such a degree that he read Latin as well as the best scholars of his day.
When still a young lad he became a page in the establishment of the Earl of Northampton. Contemporary writers state that he was "a man of high spirit, suitable to the family to which his father belonged." In 1597, when Thomas Dudley was only twenty-one, the government asked for volunteers to go over to help Henry of Navarre in time of civil war. Dudley was given a captain's commission and raised a company of eighty in Northampton. He was assigned to help Amiens, in Picardy, then beseiged by the Spainiards, but before his first great battle was fought, the armies being drawn up at Amiens, peace was declared and the Englishmen came home.
Dudley was then clerk for his kinsman, Judge Nicholls. At the death of the Judge in 1616, Dudley became steward to the Earl of Lincoln. In a few years, by shrewd management, Dudley cleared off a debt of a hundred thousand dollars on the Earl's estate. He continued in this responsible position to the great satisfaction of his employer until he resigned in 1627. He then hired a house in Boston, Lincolnshire, where Rev. John Cotton preached. The Earl of Lincoln soon required Mr. Dudley's services again, and until he came to America Dudley was in his employ. But the unjust and cruel hand of Charles I fell upon the Earl and his household, and the Earl was thrown into prison.
Dudley became interested in New England in 1627. In 1628 he and other procured a patent from the King for a plantation in Massachusetts, and also for government of all who should come into that section of the country. The company sent over John Endicott, one of the undertakers, to take charge of the settlement, then under Roger Conant. In 1629 the company sent over three hundred settlers. In April, 1630, with Winthrop and a large party in four ships, Dudley embarked for the colony to make his home there. He was an undertaker from Dec. 1, 1629, assistant March 18, and deputy governor March 23, 1629-30, at the last court held in England. He came to Salem in the ship "Arabella," sailing April 8, arriving June 12, 1630. Mr. Dudley settled first at Cambridge, and his house was at the corner of Dunster street, but he soon sold his place to Roger Harkalenden and removed to Ipswich with his son, Rev. Samuel Dudley, and others. He had large grants of land in various towns of the colony. He was one of the four first signers of the covenant of the first church organized at Charlestown, where he was then living, in July, 1630, but which removed to Boston a few months later. In May, 1634, he was elected governor to succeed Winthrop, and was re-elected three times afterward, in 1640-45-50, and was deputy governor thirteen years. When not governor he was generally deputy governor, but sometimes assistant, an office he held five years. Before 1634 the court of assistants chose the governor, and Mr. Dudley was the first governor chosen by the people at a general election. He vigorously opposed the doctrine preached by Rev. John Cotton that the secular government should be subservient to the priesthood. Mr. Dudley was one of the twelve men appointed by the general court to establish Harvard College in 1636, and when the charter was granted, in 1650, Dudley as governor signed it. The parchment is still preserved. At the general court in March, 1644, Dudley was appointed sergeant major-general of the colony, and was in office four years, the first to hold this position. His residence in Boxbury was nearly opposite the house of Rev. John Eliot, the Indian Apostle. The Dudley mansion was taken down in 1775, and a fort erected on the site, which is now  occupied by the Universalist church. His tomb is in the graveyard nearest the church.
Historians all agree that Governor Dudley was a man of large ability and noble character; perfectly honest, though blunt and severe. He died at Roxbury, July 31, 1653. Cotton Mather said of him: "He was a man of sincere piety, exact justice, hospitality to strangers and liberality to the poor." His will was dated April 26, 1652, with additions April 13, May 28 and July 8, 1653; proved Aug. 15, 1653. It expresses his desire to be buried near the grave of his first wife.
He married (first) in England, Dorothy ____, who died in Roxbury, Dec. 27, 1643, aged sixty-one years. He married (second), April 14, 1644, Catherine, widow of Samuel Hackburn, and daughter of ____ Dighton. She married (third) Rev. John Allen, of Dedham, and died Aug. 20, 1671.
Children of first wife:
1. Samuel, born about 1610, in England; mentioned below.
2. Anne, born about 1612; died Sept. 16, 1672, at Andover, Mass.; married Governor Simon Bradstreet.
3. Patience, born in England; died Feb. 8, 1689-90; married Major-General Daniel Denison.
4. Sarah, baptized at Sempringham, England, July 23, 1620; died 1659; married Major Benjamin Keane, (second) Thomas Pacy.
5. Mercy, born Sept. 27, 1621, in England; died July 1, 1691; married Rev. John Woodbridge.
6. Deborah, born Feb. 27, 1645; died Nov. 1, 1685.
7. Joseph, born Sept. 23, 1647; died April 2, 1720.
8. Paul, born Sept. 8, 1650; died Dec. 1, 1681.
(II) Rev. Samuel Dudley, son of Governor Thomas Dudley, was born about 1610, in Northamptonshire, England, and was educated for the ministry. He came at the age of twenty with his father to New England. In 1632-3 he married Mary, daughter of Governor Winthrop, and their first three children were baptized in Boston. The two sons lived many years with their grandfather, Governor Dudley, but both died early and unmarried. Rev. Samuel Dudley removed from Cambridge to Ipswich about 1635. His wife died in 1643, and he married (second) Mary Byley, of Salisbury, Mass., sister of Henry Byley, of Salisbury, England. Dudley was deputy to the general court from Salisbury in 1641-42-43-44-45; was often chairman of selectmen, and held other town offices. In March, 1648, Samuel Dudley was appointed associate judge with Richard Bellingham and Samuel Simonds, to hold court from year to year in Salisbury. He entered an agreement May 13, 1650, with the town of Exeter, New Hampshire, to be their minister. In 1649 he preached for some time at Portsmouth, N.H. He carried on farms, mills and stock-breeding, besides preaching and acting as magistrate. His second wife, Mary, died at Exeter, and later he married Elizabeth _____. Of all his sons, Stephen Dudley alone has posterity of the name of Dudley. He had many grants of land. He died at Exeter, Feb. 10, 1683, aged seventy-three. The New Hampshire Historical Society has Rev. Samuel Dudley's cane and Bible, brought over from England. He died intestate.
Mr. Dudley's record and life were honorable. He had a good education; his handwriting is fine and clear, with nice punctuation; his spelling is excellent. There is no affectation of any sort in his style or text. His descendants have a tradition that he was descended from the Earl of Leicester's branch of the family.
1. Thomas, baptized at Boston, March 9, 1634; died Nov. 7, 1655, unmarried.
2. John, baptized June 28, 1635; died young.
3. Margaret, baptized at Boston; died young.
4. Samuel, baptized Aug. 2, 1639; died April 17, 1643.
5. Ann, born Oct. 16, 1641; married Edward Hilton.
Children of second wife:
6. Theophilus, born Oct. 31, 1644, at Salisbury; died 1713, at Exeter.
7. Mary, born April 21, 1646, died Dec. 28, 1646.
8. Byley, born Sept. 27, 1647.
9. Mary, born Jan. 6, 1649-50.
10. Thomas, one of the selectmen of Exeter, 1694.
Children of third wife:
11. Elizabeth, born 1652.
12. Stephen, mentioned below.
13. James, born 1663.
14. Timothy, died before 1702.
18. Samuel, died 1732.
(III) Stephen, son of Rev. Samuel Dudley, was born at Exeter, New Hampshire, and married Dec. 24, 1684, Sarah, daughter of Hon. John Gilman, of Exeter. She was born Feb. 25, 1667, and died Jan. 24, 1713. He married (second) Mary Tyng; (third) Mercy Gilman, who survived him.
He was a farmer of Exeter. He wrote a fair hand, though he made his mark in executing his will. Dean Dudley says: "He ought to have hired a teacher and kept a school in his house, but he left the care of the young children too much to their mother. However, Stephen's disposition was very much like his father's. Like his father, he avoided public preferments and chose a quiet, private life. Like his father he married early and often, and enjoyed having a swarm of children around him; and like his father he looked coldly upon sectarian affairs, being indifferent about riches or honors to his name."
His will was dated Feb. 17, 1734-5 and proved May 13, 1735.
1. Samuel, born Dec. 19, 1685; died Feb. 16, 1718.
2. Stephen, born March 10, 1688.
3. James, born June 11, 1690; died Sept. 4, 1746.
4. John, born Oct. 4, 1692; killed by the Indians, June 23, 1710, at Poplin, N.H., after a brave resistance alone against many.
5. Nicholas, born Aug. 27, 1694; mentioned below.
6. Joanna, born May 3, 1697.
7. Trueworthy, born 1700.
8. Joseph, born 1702.
9. Abigail, married Mr. Lyford, of Exeter.
10. Sarah, born Jan. 15, 1706.
11. Elizabeth, married Simon Gilman.
(IV) Nicholas, son of Stephen Dudley, was born Aug. 27, 1694, and died in 1766. He married Elizabeth Gordon, and resided at Brentwood, N.H., where their children were born.
1. Captain John, born 1723.
2. Byley, 1725, mentioned below.
3. Trueworthy, 1727.
4. Joseph, 1728.
6. Betsey, married Benjamin Hill.
(V) Byley, son of Nicholas Dudley, was born in 1725, in Brentwood, New Hampshire, and died at Fisherfield, now Newbury, N.H. He married (first) _____ Stone; (second) Mrs. Lufkin, widow.
1. Jonathan S., died in the revolution in New York state.
2. Trueworthy, married (first) Sarah _____; (second) Anna McWilliams.
4. John, mentioned below.
(VI) John, son of Byley Dudley.
(VII) Biley, or Byley Dudley, son of John Dudley, settled in Windsor, Vermont. Of this family the records show that Abiah Dudley died in Windsor in 1838. Charles Dudley in 1842, and Eva Dudley in 1864.
(VIII) James Smith, son of Biley Dudley, was born in Windham, Sept. 21, 1826. In 1832 when but a small boy, he removed to Franklin county, New York, and was educated there in the public schools. He engaged in the manufacture of potato starch, and was also a general merchant and farmer. He became one of the leading citizens of the town of Constable, and was supervisor and assessor. He was one of the original members of the Republican party, and in 1856 was one of the seven men in the town who voted for John C. Fremont for president.
In religion he was a Methodist. He died March 9, 1909. He married, May 20, 1854, Sarah Maria Hastings, born Feb. 21, 1831, died March 7, 1909, daughter of Joseph Hastings.
1. Harvey James, mentioned below.
2. George K., born June 2, 1861.
3. Eva B., born July 10, 1863; married Sheridan Beebe of Constable.
4. Clara B., born Jan. 9, 1876; married LeRoy E. Buell, of Constable.
(IX) Harvey James, son of James Smith Dudley, was born in Constable, New York, Aug. 11, 1855. He was educated there in the public schoos and in Franklin Academy. He worked for his father in his general store at Constable, and later carried on the business for twenty-five years on his own account, and also conducted the potato starch business established by his father. He was postmaster of Constable for eighteen years and town clerk for a long time. From March, 1901 to Jan. 1903, he was supervisor of the town, and he took a leading position in the board of supervisors of the county. he has been county clerk since Jan. 1, 1904, being re-elected in 1906 for a full term, his term expiring Dec. 31, 1909. He is one of the best known men in public life in this section of the state, and is an active and influential Republican. He is a member of Nashoba Lodge. No. 78, Odd Fellows; of Northern Constellation Lodge of Free Masons. No. 291; of Northern Constellation Chapter, No. 28, Royal Arch Masons; of Franklin Commandery, No. 60, Knights Templar; and of Karnak Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S., of Montreal. He is interested in local history and genealogy, and is a member of the Empire State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
Harvey J. Dudley was descendant from James Harwood, a private in the First New Hampshire Regiment in the revolution, through his daughter Lydia, who married Jedediah Hutchins, and granddaughter of Cynthia Hutchins, who married Joseph Hastings. The latter was his mother's father.
He married, Dec. 14, 1881, Carrie M. Harmon, born Sept. 22, 1856, daughter of Benjamin Harmon, of Constable.
1. Benjamin Harmon, born Jan. 31, 1885, graduate of Franklin Academy and of Dartmouth College, class of 1909; also took a post-graduate course in the Thayer School of Civil Engineering (Dartmouth College), given degree of C. E., April 27, 1910; now in the division engineer's department of the New York Central & Hudson River Railroad Company at Albany, N.Y.; member of the Northern Constellation Lodge of Free Masons.
2. Gertrude M., born Aug. 24, 1888; graduate of Franklin Academy, student of Smith's College, Northampton, class of 1913.
In religion the family are Presbyterians.