The English surname Cleaveland or Cleveland is derived from a place of the same name in the north riding of Yorkshire, where the family has been seated from the time of the Norman conquest. Tradition, supported by the researches of students and investigators of repute, attributes the founding of the family to Thorkill, who is supposed to have been a Saxon lang proprietor, and who, about the time of the conquest, assumed the name of de Cliveland and called himself Thorkil de Cliveland. The Cleaveland genealogy presents the ancient history of the family in detail, but does not assume to determine definitely the English ancestry of the immigrants. It states, however, that the parish records of St. Nicholas, Ipswich, England, show records from 1542 to 1612 of Ipswich Cleavelands, all of whom went without doubt akin to Moses Cleaveland, of Woburn, the immigrant ancestor, and bore the same names as Moses and his immediate descendants. The Cleaveland coat-of-arms is: Or chevron sable and ermine a chevron engrailed and counter charged. Crest: A demi old man proper habited proper, having on a cap gules turned up with a hair front holding in the dexter hand a spearheaded argent, on the top of which is fixed a line proper, passing behind him, and coiled up in the sinister hand. There are other coats-of-arms borne by different branches of the family. The family is largely represented in the United States and has had many representatives in history and the professions.
(I) Moses Cleaveland, immigrant ancestor, came when a youth from Ipswich, England, to this country. Tradition says he came in 1635. He was born about 1624 and died at Woburn, Mass., Jan. 9, 1701-02.
He married in Woburn, Sept. 26, 1648, Ann Winn, born in Wales or England about 1606.
Children, born in Woburn:
Moses, Hannah, Aaron, Samuel, Miriam, Joanna, Edward, mentioned below, Josiah, Isaac.
(II) Edward, son of Moses Cleaveland, was born at Woburn, May 20, 1664, died at Pomfret, Connecticut, Aug. about 1726, or Sept., 1746. According to tradition, he went in early life from Woburn to Narragansett Bay, and later settled at North Kingston, where the births of his children were recorded in the old town records, which were destroyed by fire in 1870. About 1709 he went with his son Edward to Canterbury, and was a proprietor there in 1710.
He married (first) Deliverance Palmer, who died June 7, 1717, daughter of Benjamin Palmer, probably of North Kingston. He married (second) in Canterbury, Jan. 1, 1722, Zeruiah Church, who married (second) probably Cornelius Whitney.
Children born at North Kingston:
Edward, Palmer, Abigail, Isaac, Samuel, mentioned below, Mary, George, Elizabeth.
(III) Samuel, son of Edward Cleaveland, was born about 1700, died at Pomfret, June 11, 1762. He was a farmer at Canterbury and Pomfret. He married at Canterbury, Nov. 12, 1724, Mary or Betsey Darbe or Derby.
Phinehas, James, mentioned below, Curtis, Edward, Mary, Abigial.
(IV) Captain James, son of Samuel Cleaveland, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut, July 3, 1730, and lived at Pomfret, Conn. He married there, Nov. 15, 1752, Susannah Hartshorn.
James, Frederic, mentioned below, Jabez, Abigail, Susannah, Clarissa.
(V) Frederic, son of Captain James Cleaveland, was born in Pomfret, Nov. 28, 1756, died at Canton, New York, March 7, 1827. He lived in Tolland, Suffield and Wethersfield, Conn., removing in 1798 to Winchester, Mass., and in 1820 to Canton, New York. He was a soldier in the revolution and is buried with his wife in the Brick Church cemetery in Canton, where gravestones mark their graves.
He married at Windham, Conn., 1780, Susannah Hill, born at Windham, 1764-5, died at Canton, May 20, 1846, daughter of John and Lucia (Whiting) Hill.
Lucia, Pamelia, Rebecca, Susannah, Henrietta, Frederick, mentioned below, Whiting, Warren.
(VI) Frederick (2) son of Frederick (1) Cleaveland, was born at Suffield, Conn., April 5, 1791, died at Hartland, N.Y., 1806. he was a builder and general mechanic, and made the wood-work for use in making plows, and also made wooden plows.
He married (first) at Canton, N.Y., Nov. 30, 1817, Cynthia Nash (see Nash V). He married a second and also a third wife.
Children of first wife, born in Canton:
1. Erin, Dec. 23, 1818.
2. Francis, Aug. 2, 1822.
3. Mary Pamelia, Sept. 11, 1824.
4. Martha Maria, Nov. 17, 1826.
5. Gilbert, Feb. 2, 1829.
6. John Hill, March 29, 1831.
7. Clarissa Lorinda, June 3, 1832.
8. Richard Henry, Sept. 10, 1836.
9. Albert Corse, May 17, 1839.
10. Susannah, 1853.
(VII) Francis, son of Frederick (2) Cleaveland, was born Aug. 2, 1822, died at Canton, April 25, 1880. He was educated in the public schools, and then went to Quincy, Mass., where he learned the stone cutter's trade. After a time he went into business in Boston, owning a market for produce. He finally returned to Canton and shipped butter, eggs and produce to the Boston market. In politics he was a Republican, and he was a member of the Sons of Temperance.
He married in Russell, New York, March 29, 1854, Harriet Emeline, born at Pamelia, New York, April 12, 1827, daughter of Samuel and Nancy Ellsworth.
1. Frank Nash, born March 6, 1855, mentioned below.
2. Rollin Ellsworth, Feb. 13, 1857; in the commission business, married Jennie Ryther.
3. Helen Eugenia, March 12, 1859.
(VIII) Frank Nash, son of Francis Cheaveland, was born March 6, 1855. After attending the public schools and graduating from St. Lawrence University, 1877, where he received the degree of A.B. and A. M., he began the study of law in the office of William A. Cook, of Canton, and was admitted to the bar in 1879. For two years he practiced his profession at Morristown, New York, and then opened an office in Canton, where he has  since remained, making a specialty of real estate business and the searching of titles. He was deputy county clerk from 1885 to 1889. He is secretary of the board of trustees of St. Lawrence University, and a member of Beta Theta Pi and Phi Beta Kappa, Greek letter societies.
He married, Dec. 16, 1889, Sarah Abbie, born in Marietta, Ohio, daughter of Rev. Paul Raymond and Abbie (Weaver) Kendall. Her father was born in Phillipston, Mass., and was first president of Lombard University in Illinois.
They have one child, Dorothy Kendall, born Jan.30, 1891, a student at St. Lawrence University.
Sarah Abbie (Kendall) Cleaveland, wife of Frank Nash Cleaveland, is a descendant of "Mayflower" ancestry. Her grandparents were Paul Raymond and Jane (Nickerson) Kendall of Phillipston, Mass. Jane was daughter of Captain Nathan Nickerson and granddaughter of Seth and Mary (Smith) Nickerson. Ebenezer Nickerson, father of Seth Nickerson, was son of William and Mary (Snow) Nickerson, grandson of Mark and Jane (Prence) Snow, great-grandson of Nicholas and Constance (Hopkins) Snow. Constance was the daughter of Stephen Hopkins, who came in the "Mayflower," and Jane Prence was daughter of Governor Thomas Prence and Mary, daughter of William Collier, of Plymouth. Elizabeth (Mayo) Nickerson, wife of Ebenezer Nickerson, was daughter of John and Hannah (Freeman) Mayo, granddaughter of John and Mercy (Prence) Freeman. Mercy was daughter of Governor Prence by his first wife, Patience (Brewster), daughter of Elder William Brewster, who came in the "Mayflower." Patience Brewster came on the ship "Ann"; Governor Prence on the ship "Fortune" in 1621.
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