The English family of Chadwick, from which the American Chadwicks are descended, springs from a hamlet named Chadwick in Rochdale, Lancashire. William de Chadwyk, the first of the name, was born about 1355, and in 1413 was called "Senior," then having a son William of age. His descendant, John de Chadwyk, of a few generations later, was progenitor of the Chadwicks of Chadwick; the Chadwicks of Healey Hall and of Mavewyn, Ridware, the Chadwicks of Pudleston Court, Herefordshire, late of Swinton Hall, Lancashire.
The arms of the Chadwicks of Chadwick: Gules an escutcheon within an orle of martlets argent. Crest: a lily argent stalked and leaved vert. The Swinton Hall family bears the same arms. Motto: In candore decus. Crest: In front of two crosses crosslet fitchee in saltire the flower and stem of a white lily slipped proper. A branch of the family in Cornwall spells the name sometimes Chadock, and bears similar arms, showing relationship. Crest: On a ducal coronet or martlet. The similarity of the names indicate that the Healey branch of the family is that from which the American family given below is descended, though all the American Chadwicks, Chadocks and Shattucks are undoubtedly from the original stock at Chadwick, Lancashire.
(I) Jordan Chadwick, younger brother of Henry de Chadwick, of Chadwick, and second son of John de Chadwyk mentioned above, married Elianore, daughter of Christopher Kyrkeshoge, of Hundersfeld.
(II) John Chadwick, son of Jordan Chadwick, married Alice Okeden, daughter of co-heir of Adam Okeden, bringing into the family the Healey estates, Lancashire, that have descended in the Chadwick line to the present generation. Adam Okeden descended from Adam Okeden, who married Havise, heir of Thomas de Keley.
(III) Thomas Chadwycke, son of John Chadwick, lived at Heley.
(IV) Robert Chadwick, Esq., grandson of Thomas Chadwycke, rebuilt with stone the old mansion at Hely (Heley or Healy).
(V) John Chadwick, son of Robert Chadwick, was of Healy Hall; married Catherine, only daughter and heir of Lewis Chadwicke, of Mavesyn Ridward, county Stafford, who was colonel in the parliamentary army in the civil war. Mary, mother of Catherine, was daughter and heir of Anthony Bagot, of Colton. Lewis Chadwick was eldest son of John Chadwick, Esq., and wife Joyce, daughter and co-heir of Thomas Cawarden, Esq., of Mavesyn Ridware, sixth in descent from Sir John Cawarden.
Children: 1. Charles, baptized March 3, 1637; married Anne Sacheverell. 2. John, vicar. 3. Jordan, of Oldham. 4. Lewis. 5. Robert.
The arms are the same or very similar to the original arms of the Chadwicks. Motto: Stans cum rege.
Charles Chadwick, first of the name to settle in New England, was admitted a freeman of Watertown, Massachusetts, May 18, 1631; was town officer and deputy to the general court; died April 10, 1682, aged eighty-six. His will dated June 30, 1681, bequeathed to his wife, Elizabeth, who died Feb. 22, 1684-85; kinsmen, Thomas and John Chadwick; to the eldest son of Thomas Chadwick, and to Charles, the eldest son of John Chadwick. Jeremiah Norcross, of Watertown, mentions "brother Charles Chadwick."
John Chadwick Sr., of Malden, was there as early as 1648; his will dated Dec. 1, 1680, proved April 5, 1681, devised to sons John, James and Samuel, daughter Hannah and three married daughters.
(I) Thomas Chadwick, kinsman of Charles Chadwick, mentioned in his will, was probabaly a nephew. That will proves that all the New England Chadwicks are related. A branch of the family also settled in New Jersey, perhaps not closely related to those of New England.
Thomas was born in 1655, and settled early at Newbury, Massachusetts, but removed to Watertown in 1679. He married, April 6, 1674-75, Sarah Walcott. Children, born at Newbury: 1. Sarah, Oct. 3, 1675. 2. Thomas, 1677. Children born at Watertown: 3. John, Nov. 20, 1680. 4. Elizabeth, Oct. 31, 1682; died aged twelve. 5. Lydia, March 22, 1685; died aged nine. 6. Richard, April 20, 1687. 7. Daniel, Jan. 20, 1689. 8. Jonathan, April 4, 1691. 9. Elizabeth, Oct. 14, 1695.
(II) Edmund, son or nephew of Thomas Chadwick, was born about 1695. He settled in Bradford, Massachusetts, and a Mary Chadwick died there June 18, 1724, aged seventy-two years. He married, at Bradford, Dec. 11, 1718, Mary Kimball. Children: born at Bradford: 1. Abigail, Nov. 5, 1722. 2. Samuel, March 1, 1723. 3. Samuel, March 1, 1726-27. 4. Samuel, March 1, 1727-28, mentioned below. 5. Sarah, May 8, 1729. 6. William, June 13, 1731. 7. Dorothy, July 28, 1738.
(III) Samuel, son of Edmund Chadwick, was born at Bradford, March 1, 1727-28, died Feb. 6, 1803, at Bradford. He married there June 1, 1756, Mary Kimball. Children born at Bradford: 1. Ebenezer, Dec. 5, 1757. 2. James, Jan. 3, 1760. 3. Mary, Jan. 24, 1762. 4. Betty, May 3, 1764. 5. William, Oct. 8, 1766; mentioned below. 6. Samuel, Oct. 5, 1771.
(IV) William, son of Samuel Chadwick, was born at Bradford, Oct. 8, 1766. In 1790 William Chadwick was living in Vermont, according to the federal census, and had a wife and young son. He came to norther New York and settled in 1808.
(V) Joseph, son of William Chadwick, was born in 1794. He was a farmer in New York state.
(VI) Chester, son of Joseph Chadwick, was born Aug. 20, 1827, at Lowville, New York. He was a farmer at Lowville. He married Electa Lanpher, descendant of Nathan Lanpher. Their only child Mary, born Sept. 6, 1857, married James Nefsey (see Nefsey).
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