Richard Boys of London 1711
In the name of God AmenI Richard Boys of the Parish of St. Olave Hart Street and citizen and draper of the city of London, being in very good health of body and a sound and disposing mind and memory praised to God, yet considering with myself the frailty of this human life and the certainty of death do therefore and for the avoiding of all suits and controversies which might otherwise arise after my decease make publish and declare this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say first and principally I recommend my soul into the hands of the almighty God my creator hoping to be saved through the atonements of my Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and my body I commit to the earth to be lawfully interred at the direction of my executors hereinafter named and as touxxx and xxxx all such worldly estate which God of his infinite good will has been pleased to bestow upon me I give will and dispose thereof as followeth viz:
Imprimus I give and bequeath unto my grandson Richard BOYS the sum of twenty pounds of lawful money of Great Britain for placing him out an apprentice or otherwise for his maintenance and advancement as my executors shall think fit but in case my said grandson shall depart this life before he shall be put out apprenticed or the said sum of twenty pounds be laid out by my executors on his account then I give and bequeath the same in manner and form following that is too say I give unto my grandson James HOLDICH seven pounds two shillings thereof and the remainder thereof being twelve pounds four shillings I give and bequeath amongst my eight grandchildren hereinafter named viz Grandchildren: Mary NICHOLLS, Karholl NICHOLLS, Ann NICHOLLS, Thomas NICHOLLS, Richard NICHOLLS, Elizabeth, Deborah, William NICHOLLS. To be divided equally between them part and share alike
Item, I further give and bequeath unto my grandson James HOLDICH the sum of five pounds to be paid to him in such manner and as my executors in their xxxxx shall think fit and in case my said grandson James HOLDICH shall dye before his said legacy shall be paid by my executors then I give and bequeath the said sum of five pounds before by me intended for him to his mother my daughter Susan WIGFALL.
Item, I further give unto my said daughter Susan WIGFALL ten pounds of lawful money of Great Britain
Item, I give unto my said granddaughter Mary Nicholls ten pounds of like money to my said granddaughter Karholl Nichollsthe sum of five pounds in money and my silver drinking cup to my said granddaughter Ann Nicholls the like sum of five pounds in money to my said grandson Thomas Nicholls the like sum of five pounds to my said grandson Richard Nicholls the like sum of five pounds and my six silver spoons to my said granddaughter Eliz Nicholls the like sum of five pounds to my said granddaughter Rebeckah (Deborhah) Nicholls the like sum of five pounds to my said grandson William the like sum of five pounds to be paid to my said grandsons and granddaughter at their respective age of eighteen years or days of marriage which shall first happen and to my said grandsons at their respective ages of one and twenty years or otherwise as their fathers shall think fit and in case any one or other of my said grandchildren last mentioned shall happen to dye before his her or their legacy or legacys shall be owe and payable then I give and will the part and share of him or them so deceasing to the survivors or survivor of them equally between them part and share alike
And whereas my son Jos is indebted unto me upon Bonds, bills obligations and otherwise in several considerable sums of money and also doth owe other moneys unto my said sons in law Thomas Nicholls and William Wood though which last sums I have paid and discharged and taken their assignments of bonds one for the same I do now hereby remit and forgive unto my said son Jos BOYS all and every the sum and sums of money whatsoever due and owing from him to me in manner aforesaid upon condition that my said son Jos BOYS due and shall within three months next after my decease sign and execute a general release in due form of law unto and for the use of my executors hereinafter named and from all professions claims and demands whatsoever both in law and equity and otherwise of in an to all and singular my estate whatsoever or any part and parcel thereof which he can shall or may claim by the custom of England or otherwise howsoever But in case my son Jos BOYS shall refuse to execute such release unto and for the said use of my executors in manner as aforesaid or in such manner as my executors or their council in law shall advise and think fit then and in such case I do hereby revoke and disannul and make void this present legacy order and xxxx and in such case I give unto my said son Jos Boys the sum of one shilling only I having already provided for him a considerable portion in the world
Item, whereas my brother in law Jos BATTALO deceased did in his lifetime stand indebted to me by bonds and other writings obligatorio in several sums amounting now to the sum of one hundred pounds and upwards and whereas my said brother in law also did in his lifetime help and procure for my son Jos Boys the sum of twenty pounds now my will and mind is that in case the widow or executors or administrators of my said brother in law Jos BATTALO shall and do acquit and discharge my said son Jos Boys of and from the said debt of twenty pounds and all various trouble and charges accruing or to accrue to him thereupon then all the bonds bills and writings which I have in my hands of my said brother in law relating to the said debt from him to me shall be delivered up from my executors to be cancelled and made void and not otherwise.
Item, I give unto my friend Mr. Thomas CHARLTON twenty shillings for a ring to wear in my remembrance
Item, all the rest remainder residue of all and singular my household goods, plate, ready money, bonds, mortgages sureties and all other estate whatsoever both real and personal not herein before disposed of I give will devise and bequeath the same and every part thereof to my son in law Thomas Nicholls and to my daughter Mary Nicholls his wife and to their heirs executors administrators assigns and I do hereby name ordain XXXX and appoint my said son in law Thomas Nicholls and Mary his wife joint executor and executrix of this my last will and testament and lastly I do hereby revoke annul and make void all heretofore other wills and testaments by me at anytime heretofore made and I do ordain and ratify those present to stand and be for and as my last will and testament in witness thereof I the said Richard BOYS to this will and testament have this day set my hand and seal this the 2nd day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eleven signed Sealed published and declared by the said Richard BOYS to be his last will and testament in presence of us who subscribed our names as witness thereto in his presence dated the 2nd of August 1711
John Bayley, Elizabeth Nolson Jno Thompson
Since the publishing and declaring of my above written will I have been informed that my daughter Susan Wigfall is dead if so the legacy above given unto her I give now unto my said grandson James in witness hereof I have hereunto set my hand this 1st day of January 1711 Richard Boys witness Jno Thompson
ProbatumSeventh day of February Thomas Nicholls executor [In Latin]
Richard Boys will (August 1711), Prerogative Court of Canterbury PROB/11/525, image 459, National Archives, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, downloaded from http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline