14th Alabama at Battle of Gettysburg
second day, July 2, 1863
This is the second photo album from my visit to Gettysburg National Military Park. We spent two hours on a tour of the park with Licensed Battlefield Guide, Jim Clouse. He showed us the markers for Wilcox's Brigade, and the locations where they fought at Gettysburg. The Battle of Gettysburg was fought over three days, July 1, 2, and 3, 1863. Wilcox Brigade fought on the second and third days.
Battlefield from Cemetery Ridge, with Plum Run in foreground,
Emmitsburg Road and Seminary Ridge beyond the open field.
This is the field crossed by the 14th Alabama on July 2, 1863.
The 14th Alabama Regiment was in Wilcox's Brigade, Anderson's Division, Hill's Corp, in the Army of Virginia. They were in the center of the assault on Cemetery Ridge on July 2, 1863. "About 2 o'clock in the afternoon, the engagement between the artillery of the enemy and that of the First Army Corps commenced, and was soon followed by furious and sustained musketry; but it was not until 5:30 o'clock in the evening that McLaws' division…advanced…immediately followed by the brigades of [Anderson's]…in the manner directed. Never did troops go into action with greater spirit or more determined courage. The ground afforded them but little shelter, and for nearly three-quarters of a mile they were compelled to face a storm of shot and shell and bullets; but there was no hesitation nor faltering. They drove the enemy from his first line, and possessed themselves of the ridge and of much of the artillery with which it had been crowned; but the situation discovered the enemy in possession of a second line, with artillery upon both our front and flanks. From this position he poured a destructive fire of grape upon our troops. Strong re-enforcements pressed upon our right flank, which had become disconnected from McLaws' left, and the ridge was untenable. The brigades were compelled to retire. They fell back in the same succession in which they had advanced--Wilcox's, Perry's, Wright's, and Posey's. They regained their positions in the line of battle. The enemy did not follow. Pickets were again thrown to the front, and the troops lay upon their arms. In Wilcox's, Perry's, and Wright's brigades the loss was very heavy."
If you would like to use any of these photos please contact me first for permission, and include a photo credit to Cindy Holdridge Smith, Holdridge Family of Texas, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and England, http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~holdridge/
You can view larger photos by selecting the thumbnails below and double clicking with left mouse button.
- United States. War Department, Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 128 vols. (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901), ser. 1, vol. 27, pt. 2, 616-621. No. 536, Report of Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson, C. S. Army, commanding division, Orange Court-House, VA, August 7, 1863