Island was first discovered on
19th October 1774 by Captain James Cook but it was not until
25th April 1787 that the island was chosen by Governor Phillip
as a place to form a settlement for reception of convicts
to ease the numbers of prisoners at Port Jackson in New South
Wales. On 12th February 1788 Governor Phillip appointed Phillip
Gidley King to be Superintendant and Commander of the island.
sail on 14th February 1788 for Norfolk Island on
the ship, the Supply with provisions, crew and a
small group of prisoners, nine male and six female. Of the
prisoners, two of them, Nathaniel Lucas and Olivia Gasgoine,
(who were later to marry) ), were part of the Founding Party
as part of the First Settlement of the island on March the
6th 1788. Nathaniel and Olivia became friends of Thomas and
Harriet Hodgetts after meeting on Norfolk Island and children
from both families were later to marry each other.
the time Thomas and Harriet arrived on Norfolk Island
in 1800, the island had a population of over 800. On his
arrival Thomas was appointed to work as a constable. A daughter
Elizabeth was born on November 28th 1801 and it was at this
time that Thomas and Harriet met Nathaniel and Olivia Lucas.
In 1804 another son, James was born.
had been working as a constable for much of his
time on Norfolk Island but he had returned to his trade of
blacksmith in 1805. It was at this time that the decision
was made to abandon Norfolk Island because of its remote
location. Nathaniel and Olivia Lucas returned with their
children to Sydney and Thomas and Harriet Hodgetts returned
to Sydney also a short time later.
this time Thomas and Harriet had a growing family
of five children. Thomas continued working as a blacksmith
in Sydney and on October 14th 1806 another son, Daniel was
born. In 1808, Thomas was appointed Superintendant of the
Government Blacksmiths and soon after another addition to
the family appeared. A daughter Hannah was born, however
it is thought that this baby may have died as another daughter
Hannah was born on May 8th 1809.
the end of 1810 Thomas and his family moved out
of Sydney to Pitt Town on the Hawkesbury River. It was during
this time that the Hodgetts and the Lucases began to inter-
marry and on April 8th 1811, their son John married Olivia
Lucas, Nathaniel and Olivia's sixth child. The marriage was
held at St Phillips Church in Sydney. Six months later on
25th September 1811, Harriet gave birth to a daughter, Jane
who was to be their last child.
son John and one of Nathaniel Lucas's sons, Nathaniel
Jnr had decided that in order to prosper, they would re-settle
their families in Van Dieman's Land, now known as Tasmania.
The sons of both families inherited both their fathers resourceful
natures and decided to see what the new territory could bring.
At the beginning of 1816, John and Olivia Hodgetts and Nathaniel
Jnr and William Lucas took their families and set sail for
Port Dalrymple. This port was later to be named Launceston.
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