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[Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and grammar have been corrected in some instances for ease of reading and to facilitate searches of the database. Also, the handwriting of the original scribes often lends itself to varying interpretations. Users of this database are urged to view the original and to make their own decision as to how to decipher what the original scribe actually wrote. Blanks appearing in the transcripts reflect blanks in the original.]




State of South Carolina, Abbeville County


Personally came before me Margaret Miller late widow of Francis Johnston and made

oath as the law directs and saith that her former husband Francis Johnston was killed in the service of this State and lived three children under 12 years of age and that there is still one of said children under the age of 12 years and that she had no Negroes left to her or the children but a tract of land and that the children still lives with her in the County aforesaid and that they are in a low circumstance (signed) Margaret Miller, X her mark


Sworn and subscribed the 27th day of March 1792 before me


 (signed) Samuel Watt, JP


We do Certify that we knew the above Francis Johnston and that we are acquainted with the above deponent Margaret Miller who was the widow of that said Francis Johnston, and believes the above affidavit is just


 S/ Pat: Calhoun, JIC


 S/ Jno. D. LaHowe, AL


 S/ Adm. Ga Jones, JQ


 S/ Hugh Wardlaw


 S/ Andrew Hamilton


2 years due to 1792 is £4 p. B. W.’s Books bal. £4 [illegible words] due up to 92


I do hereby authorized and appoint the bearer Joseph Carmichael by lawful attorney at law all the annuities due to Jennet Johnston child of Francis Johnston deceased who is yet under the age of 12 years given under my hand this 12th of August 1792


 S/ Margaret Miller, X her mark


Signed in presence of


S/ Andrew Hamilton, JC


To Benjm. Waring Treasurer at Columbia


 Child of Francis Johnston £4 paid by an order on William McKinney 3 June 1795


 Treasury office Columbia: I do hereby Certify the foregoing to be a true Copy of the Original and this Office -- witness my hand and seal S/ E. P. Jones




 Atty: S/ Thomas Freau [?]


 Family record:


Wilm Miller and Margeret Johnson was married the sixth of July in the year of our Lord 1786


Andrew Miller was born in the [year] of our Lord 1787 Octobar 20th


Margaret Miller Born April ye 13 1789


Rebecca Miller Born October ye 31 17[last two digits are illegible]


State of South Carolina, Anderson District


 Personally appeared before the undersigned an acting Magistrate in and for said District

Mrs. Margaret Seawright a Citizen of said District, who being duly sworn according to law doth on her oath states that she is now in the 66th year of age, and that she has not in her possession, nor is there any public or private record of the marriage of her mother Margaret Miller deceased with her first husband Francis Johnson who was a Lieutenant in the Revolutionary War & killed in the same by the enemy, as said mother ever informed this deponent, nor is there any record of the births of said Francis & Margaret Johnson's Children: That never since the deponent's recollection nor before as deponent has been informed were there any public records of births, marriages or deaths in this State, until last year. That deponent was by her said mother informed that she had had a family record of her first marriage to said Francis Johnson & of their children's births which was lost or destroyed soon after death of said husband, & that said

Francis Johnson was killed not many miles below this in what is now Abbeville District

adjoining this District both of which formed a part of what was called "Ninety Six District" in this State: That the Letters of administration granted said mother on her said first husband's estate under date of the 8th of November 1783 preceding which said Francis Johnson was killed, & her said mother's family Record of her second marriage to deponent's father William Miller are both hereunto attached & that said Letters & said family Record were kept by deponent's said mother as long as she live & that her said second husband died in this District on the sixth of August 1832, which date is graven on his tombstone & that her said mother remained a widow & died in the District on the second of August 1842: That her said mother informed this Deponent that her

said first marriage took place before the Commencement of the Revolutionary war: That it is out of this deponent's power to offer more conclusive evidence than what has been submitted & the accompanying of the dates of said mother's first & second marriage of the dates of the death of both her said husbands then as aforesaid. Sworn to & subscribed this 11th day of October 1854.


Before me S/ Margaret Seawright


S/ James Emerson, M.A.D.


State of South Carolina, Anderson District


Personally appeared before me the undersigned an acting Magistrate in and for said

District Mrs. Margaret Seawright aged 66 years a respectable & credible lady who being duly sworn according to law on oath says that she is the daughter of William and Margaret Miller deceased who was formally Margaret Johnston widow of Francis Johnson who, as deponent ever learned from Said Mother, was killed in the Revolutionary War: her mother's children by her first marriage aforesaid were Isabella, John S. & Jennet Johnson, and by her last marriage, this Deponent, Rebecca Stephenson & Mary Rutherford, and that from recent information they were all alive except Jennet aforesaid who had married John Dobbins: That John S. Johnson and Mary Rutherford, widow, live in Monroe County Alabama, Isabella now Isabel Black, widow lives in Union County Arkansas, Rebecca Stephenson in Abbeville District in this State a widow, and this Deponent a widow in this (Anderson) District, which five are all of her said mother Margaret Johnson & subsequently Miller's living children: That her father William Miller died in this District in 1832 and her mother aforesaid remained a widow to the date of her death which was on the second day of August 1842. Sworn to and Subscribed the first day of September A.D.

1854 before me


S/ M. McGee, M. AD S/


State of Alabama, County of Monroe


On this 12th day of June A.D. 1854 personally appeared in open Court, before the

undersigned the undersigned Judge of Probate Court of said County and which is a Court of Record, Mr. John S. Johnson a resident of said County & State, aged 74 years, who being duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following Declaration in order to obtain the benefits of the provisions made by the Act of Congress passed July 4, 1836 and such other acts & resolutions as apply to his case: That he is the son & heir at law of Margaret Miller deceased formerly Margaret Johnston widow of Lieutenant Francis Johnston who was killed in the war of the Revolution, and who entered the service of the United States under the following circumstances & served as herein stated as this Deponent had been informed & verily believes:


That at the beginning of said war this deponent 's said father was living in Ninety Six, now Abbeville, District in the State of South Carolina and that he soon responded to the call of his country but whether at first served in the Continental Line for any definite period of enlistment this Deponent is unable to say, but that afterwards he was in the Militia service of said State under Captain Andrew Miller & served under General Andrew Pickens as a Lieutenant of Cavalry, and that he also served for a Considerable length of time under Colonel Anderson deponent believes: That the said service as Lieutenant of horse was in the year 1779 and the following year for three months, and the duty other than this was likely during the year 1780 in which year deponent believes or in the next year thereafter his said father said Francis Johnston Lieutenant was killed by the Tories: That this declarant cannot state the precise length of this last mentioned service, nor can he give all the particulars of his service as to the battles in which he was engaged & the Country through which he passed: That the property of which said father was possessed was taken & destroyed by the enemy and that this Deponent 's grandfather was also destroyed by the Tories. That his said father left said mother a widow and this declarant & his sisters Jennet or Jane and Isabella Johnston. That his said mother then Margaret Johnston widow of said father married William Miller who was also a revolutionary soldier with him she lived as wife till said William Miller's death which took place in Anderson District South Carolina about 22 or three years ago. That their marriage took place about the year 1783 or 1784, and that after his (William Miller's) death, this deponent 's said mother said Margaret Miller formerly Margaret Johnston remained a widow and died in said District of Anderson in said State on the second day of August 1842: That in accordance with the resolution of Legislature of South Carolina passed in 1786, this declarant & his two sisters above named received an annuity from that fostering State until each had attained the age of 12 years at which said annuity was discontinued according to the provisions of said commendable Resolution: That the marriage of said parents said Lieutenant Francis Johnston & said Margaret Johnston was before the said father entered said service: That all these allegations & facts will more fully appear by the proofs (record evidence mostly) here with & hereafter submitted, through which this Declarant most respectfully solicits a reference.


Sworn to and subscribed the day & year above written Before me.


S/ Ch. Foster, Judge of probate S/ John S. Johnson


Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements


Pension application of Francis Johnson (Johnston) W21805 Margaret Miller fn62SC


Transcribed by Will Graves 11/18/08


Margaret JOHNSON Miller

William Miller

Mrs. Margaret Seawright or Margaret MILLER

John Dobbins husband of Jennett Johnson or Jane Johnson

Mary Rutherford or Mary MILLER

Isabel Black or Isabell a Black,  or Isabella JOHNSON widow lives in Union County Arkansas,

Rebecca Stephenson in Abbeville District in this State a widow or Rebecca MILLER

Mr. John S. Johnson a resident of State of Alabama, County of Monroe


Children by her first marriage aforesaid were Isabella, John S. & Jennet Johnson

Children by last marriage, this Deponent, Rebecca Stephenson & Mary Rutherford




John Johnson NC Line and no # given on jacket but the #30782 was on the card. He applied 1836 April 27 Pickens CO. Ala. aged 74. Soldier lived in Rowan Co. NC at enlistment and later moved to Rutherford Co. Tn about 1811 then moved to Lauderdale CO. Ala and about 1830 he moved to Pickens CO. Ala. Soldier was born 1762 Jan 2 in Halifax Co. NC. Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files


[Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and grammar have been corrected in some instances for ease of reading and to facilitate searches of the database. Also, the handwriting of the original scribes often lends itself to varying interpretations. Users of this database are urged to view the original on and to make their own decision as to how to decipher what the original scribe actually wrote. Blanks appearing in the transcripts reflect blanks in the original.]


 State of Alabama, Pickins [Pickens] County


 On this 27th day of April in the year of our Lord 1836 -- personally appeared before

Samuel Bolton (Judge of the County Court) but at the applicant's own house John Johnson aged about 74 years, a resident of the County of Pickens and State of Alabama, who being first duly sworn, according to law, doth on his oath take the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the Act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he was drafted for the term of 12 months, He was drafted in February 1782, as well as he now recollects, by the State of North Carolina as State Troops where he was raised. He does not now recollect who was the

drafting officer. In March following he went into service. He joined the troops in Salisbury Rowan County. The troops were commanded by Major Joel Lewis. He does not recollect the Adjutant; his Captain was named Charles Gordon: does not recollect the lieutenants. His first Sergeant was James Haskin. When the troops first met at Salisbury, there was but one Company. Lewis marched this Company to widows Rees’ where it was joined with some other Companies.

He does not know how many; but he recollects some of the captains names. They were Captain Trouton, Captain Christmas. He does not recollect any other officers of these troops. The troops stayed at Salisbury until about June before they marched to the widow Rees’. He was furloughed while there 4 or 5 days, was taken sick with the mumps, and did not join his company until they arrived at the widow Rees’. He was about 6 days going from Salisbury to the widow Rees’: who live somewhere in the Sand Hills, in Chatham or more County. They marched from widow Rees’ through widow Dawes’ Thence they marched to Hillsboro. They remained there one day, and were furloughed for 5 days. They returned back to Salisbury and were discharged by order from the Governor of North Carolina. He does not recollect the Country through which

he marched. It was mostly in the Sand Hills. He recollects of being at Chatham Courthouse & at Hillsboro. He was discharged in March, 12 months from the time he went into active service. He was in no battles. Had some inconsiderable skirmishes with the Tories, which mostly consisted in taking them prisoners.


Previous to his enlistment he served about 3 months in the militia. Though of this service he has no proof that he knows of, except his own declaration. In this service he volunteered for 3 months at Wilkes Court-house. His Colonel here was Benjamin Cleveland. His Captain was Abram De Moss, Garrett Smithey was his Lieutenant; His head commander was Campbell. In this 3 months tour, he marched from Wilkes to King's Mountain, on the top of which they fought a battle with the British & Tories, who were commanded by Forgusson [Ferguson]. Ferguson was killed. He was not in the battle himself: but was 20 miles from the place guarding the sic, of which there were about 20. The sick were left on the other side of Broad River. Before the battle came on an order was sent to this guard, of which he was one, to join the other troops, leaving a few to guard the sick. The sick guard immediately marched off towards the mountain, but met the flag of victory on the part of the patriots, not far from the Cherokee Ford on Broad River. The guard then went on and met the American Army about 10 miles from the Mountain. They were then marched back to Wilkes Court house; thence they were marched to Moravian Town, in Surry [County] he believes, and there they were relieved by other troops, and discharged: having been in actual service 3 months lacking 19 days.


 He applied once before for a pension, but stated in his declaration that the 12 months

service was in the militia; this he did, not knowing the difference between the State troops & Militia. He sends also here with annexed the testimony of Andrew Carnahan, with whom he was acquainted in the revolutionary war. He first became acquainted with him at Salisbury, about the month of March 1782. He was in the same company with declarant, until sometime in July, when the Captain was arrested, and Carnahan went off as guard with him to be Governor, and declarant saw no more of him until about 25 years since, when he became acquainted with him again, in Rutherford County Tennessee; where said Carnahan now lives, and is drawing a pension from the government, for his revolutionary services. Declarant moved into Rutherford County about 25 years since,

where he lived about 15 years; since which time (about 10 years) he has been living in this County.


1 FPA W8577

2 FPA W25689


 He has no papers, commissions, or discharges, by which he can prove his services. He

obtained discharges both times, but has lost them. He knows of no other witness, besides

Carnahan, by whom he can prove his services -- except it may be one John McCrory, who lives somewhere in Tennessee, he knows not where, and who was in the same company with him.


He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension, or annuity, except the present,

and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any State or Territory.

Sworn to, and subscribed the day & year aforesaid –

S/ John Johnson, X his mark

[attested by Sam B. Moore, Judge]


[William Harris, a clergyman, and Josiah Carver gave the standard supporting affidavit.]

To the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, & 7th Interrogatories propounded by the foregoing Judge of the County Court to the applicant he answers in substance that he was born in Halifax County North Carolina A.D. 1762 on the 2nd day of January: That he has a record of his age in his house, taken from some old entries in an old family Prayer book. That he was living in Rowan County North Carolina when called into Service. That since the Revolutionary war he has lived in Rutherford County Tennessee, Lauderdale County Alabama & now in this (Pickens) County where he has lived for the last 4 or 5 years: That he was drafted in the State Troops as already mentioned for the term of 12 months: and one tour volunteered for 3 months; does not recollect the name of any of the regular officers, or of any of the Continental or militia regiments. That he received a written discharge from Captain Gordon for the 12 months Tour, and for the 3 months Tour he got a written discharge from Colonel Benjamin Cleveland, both of which have been long since lost:


That he never received any commission: He states that the Reverend William Harris and Josiah Carver are well acquainted with him and can testify to his character for truth & veracity & also to the reputation of his having been a soldier of the Revolution.

Sworn to & subscribed before me 27 April 1836. S/ John Johnson, X his mark

S/ Sam B. Moore, Judge State of North Carolina, Secretary of State's Office

I William Hill Secretary of State in and for the State aforesaid, do certify, that it appears from the muster rolls of the Continental line of this State in the revolutionary war, that John Johnston a private in Captain Mills’ Company of the 10th Regiment, entered the service on 1 January 1782 for the term of 12 months, that nothing more is said of him on said rolls.


 Given under my hand this 28th May 1836.


 S/ Wm Hill


 State of Tennessee -- Rutherford County


 This day personally came before me John W. Conly an acting justice of the peace for the

County & State aforesaid Andrew Carnahan at his own house, aged 76 years who is infirm, but of sound mind, and who being sworn upon the holy evangelist of Almighty God the truth to speak, and nothing but the truth touching the revolutionary services of John Johnson and being by me thereupon question answers as follows;

Question 1st : Are you acquainted with John Johnson, if so, state when you became

acquainted with him, and what you know, if anything, of his military services during the

revolutionary War.


 Answer I am acquainted with John Johnson I became acquainted with him in the year

1782 at Salisbury in the State of North Carolina in the County of Rowan he joined the State Troops at Salisbury sometime in the spring of 1782 and remained there until sometime in the summer of the same year.


State the officers he served under Joel Lewis was Major that John Johnson served under Charles Gordon was the Captain over the Company that I am John Johnson served in, and further this deponent saith not this 21st of November 1835.


S/ John W. Conly, JP S/ Andrew Carnahan


Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements


Pension application of John Johnson BLANK (NC10 assigned by me) fn27NC


 Transcribed by Will Graves 10/22/08

Captain was named Charles Gordon

First Sergeant was James Haskin

Captain was Abram De Moss,

Garrett Smithey was his Lieutenant

Andrew Carnahan

John McCrory,

William Harris, a clergyman,

Josiah Carver

Andrew Carnahan





John M Johnston or Moses Johnson wife Tabitha: R5666 NC Line: Soldier died 1848 Feb 8: widow applied 1856 Dec 30 Hancock Co. Ala. age abt 88: Soldier enlisted in Greene Co. NC: Soldier married Tabitha Massey 178 Jan in Lincoln Co. NC. Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files




[Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and grammar have been corrected in some instances for ease of reading and to facilitate searches of the database. Also, the handwriting of the original scribes often lends itself to varying interpretations. Users of this database are urged to view the original on and to make their own decision as to how to decipher what the original scribe actually wrote. Blanks appearing in the transcripts reflect blanks in the original.]


 The State of Alabama, County of Hancock


 On this 30th day of December in the year of our Lord 1856, personally appeared in open

court before the Court of Probate of Hancock County in the State of Alabama now sitting,

Tabitha Johnson, a resident of said County of Hancock in said State of Alabama, aged about 88 years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Acts of Congress passed 7th of June 1832, the 7th day of July 1838, the 30th day of March 1843, the 17th day of June 1844, & the 29th day of July 1848.


That she is the widow of John M. Johnson deceased, (otherwise sometimes called Moses

Johnson), that said John M. Johnson was some time a private soldier in the War of the

Revolution and served in the State Troops & Militia of the State of North Carolina for 2 years and upwards in tours in different directions -- that he served at one time in the Company commanded by Captain Wilson (whose given name is not now certainly recollected, but believed to be William) -- that, he also served under Colonel Sevier (whose given name is not remembered, but the same that Commanded at Ferguson's defeat at King's Mountain) and also that he served under or with Colonel Ben Cleveland, but affiant cannot more particularly specify the service that the said John M. Johnson entered the service as a volunteer in the County of Greene in the State of North Carolina sometime early in the War of the Revolution and continued in actual service until the end or about the end of the War; for a period of 2 years & more -- that she does not certainly know where her said husband resided when he entered the service, but

supposes it was in said County of Greene in the State of North Carolina where he entered the service and was discharged; that her said husband had a discharge which was long since lost in the burning of his mother's house; and she has now no documentary evidence of the same or of his service and knows of no person whose testimony she can procure who can testify to his service -- that she has often heard him say that he had served under or with Colonel Sevier, Colonel Ben Cleveland, & Colonel Campbell, who fought at Ferguson's defeat at King's mountain.


 That she was married to said John M. Johnson deceased (otherwise sometimes

called Moses Johnson) in the month of January about the year A.D. 1786 by Justice of the Peace in the County of Lincoln in the State of North Carolina; that the name of said Justice is not now remembered; that she knows of no record or documentary evidence of said marriage, nor of any one now living by whom she could prove that the same took place, otherwise than by reputation, that her name before her said marriage was Tabitha Massey, that her said husband (said John M. Johnson) died in Hancock County in the State of Alabama on or about the 8th day of February 1848; & that she is now a widow & has remained unmarried since the death of her said Husband. That this application is made for the purpose of obtaining arrears of Pension due said John M. Johnson and to affiant as his widow under the provisions of the several acts aforesaid.


 S/ Tabitha Johnson, X her mark


Sworn & subscribed to in open Court


S/ Orrin Davis, J. Probate H.C.


Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements


Pension application of John M. Johnson R5666 Tabitha fn11NC


 (a/ka/ Moses Johnson)


 Transcribed by Will Graves 10/23/08


Company commanded by Captain Wilson

Tabitha Massey





Richard Johnson S16896 VA Line: Soldier was born in 1760 in Southampton Co. Va and he lived there at enlistment. He applied 1832 Nov 5 Greene Co. Ala. age 72. Soldier also served as a sub. For his brother Jordan Johnson. In 1800 soldier moved from Southampton Co. Va to Johnston Co. NC and in 1823 he moved to Greene Co. Ala. Pg 1855 Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files




Lancelot Johnston wife Zeruiah W5114 NC Line: Soldier married Zeruiah (/) 1774 Jan 17. Soldier died 1832 Sept 19 Caswell Co NC and is widow applied there 1838 Nov 24, leaving children William Johnston of Morgan Co. Ga: John Johnston of Caswell CO. NC: and Mary Johnston: Mrs. Jane Slade: Lancelot Johnston; Mrs Elizabeth Jones of Madison Co. Ga: Mrs. Mildred Harrison of La Grange Tn: and David Johnston of Tuskegee Ala. Children’s birth were Thomas Johnston born 1777 July 16: John Johnston born 1778 Dec 12: Mary Johnston born 1780 Sept 1: Jane Johnston born 1782 Aug 8: William Johnston born 1784 March 15: David Johnston born 1792 Jan 14:  Elizabeth Johnston born 1794 Jan 25: and Mildred Johnston no birth given: Grandchildren show were Lancelot Johnston, Richard Johnston and Alfred Johnston and Mrs. Nancy Motley’s children of soldiers deceased son Thomas Johnston, also James M. : Alfred G. William I or J and  Mildred A Yancey children of soldiers deceased daughter Zilpah Yancey. Pg 1863:  Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files




Thomas Johnston or Thomas Johnson wife Rachel: W254: VA Line: Soldier lived in Pittsylvania Co. Va at enlistment. Applied 1832 Sept 20 St. Clair Ala. age 73 and he died there 1832 Dec 29. Soldier had married Rachel Mullen in 1785 April in Washington Co. Va and widow applied 1845 June 2 McMinn Co. Tn age 75 and she was still there in 1849. In 1846 a Thomas Johnston of St. Clair Co. Ala was aged 45 but his relationship to soldier wasn’t stated. Pg 1865: Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files Pg 1865: Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files





William Johnson: S10918 SC Line: Soldier was born 1757 Oct 16 on the Tar River in NC he lived in Edgefield Dist SC at enlistment. He applied 1841 July 6 Escambia Co. Fla and in 1841 was living in Perry Co. Ala at which time he reffered to 4 children not living near him and stated he was living with a widowed daughter. Soldiers father in law was Moses Prestoot: Soldiers wife was not in the claim. Abstract of Rev. War Pension Files



Pension application of William Johnson S10918 fn78SC


[Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and grammar have been corrected in some instances for ease of reading and to facilitate searches of the database. Also, the handwriting of the original scribes often lends itself to varying interpretations. Users of this database are urged to view the original and to make their own decision as to how to decipher what the original scribe actually wrote. Blanks appearing in the transcripts reflect blanks in the original.]


Territory of Florida, Western District, Escambia County

On this sixth day of July A.D. 1841 personally appeared in open court before me Dillon

Jordan, Judge of the Superior Court aforesaid District, William Johnson, a resident of Escambia County in the District aforesaid aged 83 years and nine months who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provisions of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.


That in the spring of the year 1778 he volunteered in Edgefield District in the State of

South Carolina, under Captain William Butler (afterwards General William Butler) They joined and served with a Regiment commanded by Leroy Hammond, in the whole was under the command of General Pickens; their operations were principally against the British and Tories; He was in the Battle of the Eutaw Springs under Captain Box [Lewis Box] under whom he served about four months and then returned to Edgefield District and resumed his services under Captain Butler and was soon after in the battle of Turner's defeat, at which the father of Captain Butler was killed him to be in he served as a volunteer three years and eight months, and was afterwards drafted and served under a draft three months. The principal service under the draft was in guarding the Jail at Ninety Six in which the Tories were confined; He never had any formal discharge.

He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present,

and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any State.

Sworn to and subscribed in open Court the day & year aforesaid.

S/ Wm Washington, Deputy Clerk S/ William Johnson, X his mark



1 FPA W20803


2 September 8, 1781.


3 This engagement is usually referred to as the skirmish at Cloud’s Creek and is thought to have occurred on November 17, 1781. The engagement was between Capt. Sterling Turner and Major William Cunningham. 

4 Both Capt. James Butler, Sr. and his son, Capt. James Butler, Jr., are believed to have been killed by William Cunningham’s forces at Cloud’s Creek. This

5 Probably William Hudgins, FPA R5322


William Hudgins being sworn says he is 97 years old since the 17th of March last That

he served in the revolutionary war under General Butler that he knew William Johnson now present and who makes the foregoing declaration in the service at the same time or a part of it. That he knows particularly that said Johnson served one tour of five months as the deponent was in the habit of seeing him continually during that time.

Sworn to and Subscribed before me. S/ William Hudgins

S/ William Jordan

[Joseph Bell and Richard Laremore [?] gave the standard supporting affidavit.]


Interrogatories propounded by the Court to the Declarant William Johnson


1st Where and in what year were you born?

2nd Have you any record of your age and if so where is it?

3rd Where were you living when called into service: where have you lived since the

Revolutionary War and where do you now live?

4th How were you called into service; were you drafted; did you volunteer or were you a

substitute, and if in substitute, for whom?

5th State the names of some of the regular officers who were with the troops when you served, such Continental and militia regiments as you can recollect and the general circumstances of your service.

6th Did you ever receive a discharge from the service, and if so, by whom was it given and what has become of it?

7th State the names of persons to whom you are known in your present neighborhood and who can testify as to your character for veracity and their belief in your services as a soldier in the revolution.


 To the interrogatories propounded by the Court the applicant answers –


 1st I was born on "Tar" River in the State of North Carolina in the year 1757.


 2nd There was a Record of my age, but I do not now know where it is.


 3rd South Carolina in Edgefield District. I lived in the Counties of Burke, Emanuel,

Bryant and Liberty in the State of Georgia, and now live in the County of Escambia Territory of Florida.


 4th I volunteered -- except for three months when I was drafted to guard 96 jail in South



 5th General Green [sic, Nathanael Greene] of the regular Army. I volunteered under

Captain William Butler, who was afterwards promoted to General. Commenced services at Augusta, Georgia, marched through different Sections of South Carolina under Captain Butler. I was at the Battle of the Eutaw Springs under the command of Lewis Box. I returned to General Sumter's Army at Orangeburg where I remained four or five months. Afterwards I left Sumter's Army and went to Butler's. I was afterwards at the battle of Turner's defeat, where General Butler's father was killed, and this applicant and one Benjamin Hughes were the only two survivors out of 31 men, the others having been killed in that Battle. After which I continued in the Partisan war pursuing and taking Tories and putting them in 96 jail, and Pickens Blockhouse and at Waters’ block-house until the end of the war.


 6th No


 7th Benjamin Jernigan, James R. Riley, Allen Blaylock, Richard Larimer, and Joseph Bell.


I do hereby certify that the foregoing answers were given upon oath by William Johnson (the applicant) to the interrogatories herewith filed.


S/ William Jordan, Judge of the United States for the District of

West Florida


[facts in file: in 1848, veteran was living in Perry County, Alabama; refers to having 4 children, one a daughter with whom he lived, she being a widow—no names given for any children; veteran’s father-in-law was Moses Prestcott [sic, Prescott? or Prescoat?], though his wife is not named in the file.]


[fn p. 21 affidavit given by the Rev. Ephraim Prescoat, resident of Coffee County, Alabama, that he knew William Johnson during the Revolution; that Johnson served under Capt. William Butler; that he, Prescoat, stayed at Johnson’s house in Edgefield County, SC, during the time Johnson was in the service.]

[fn p. 35]


Territory of Florida, Santa Rosa County: In the County Court September Term 1843


 I William Johnson an applicant for a pension as a revolutionary soldier being desirous of

furnishings some additional proof of my services and deeming it to be a matter of some

importance to state the names of some of the persons with whom I served in the revolutionary hereby make oath that while I was in the Company of Captain William Butler the following named persons served with me as privates Viz. John Curley, Sherrod Curley, Miallard [?] Smith, John Blann [?], Buddy Escridge, Samuel Etheridge.


I was [in] Orangeburg District under Captain Box about seven or eight months having previously served under Captain Butler from about 15 days after he received his commission until I entered Captain Box's Company. At the end of said service with Captain Box I again entered Captain Butler's Company & remained in it until the close of the about three months before the close of the war Captain Butler sent me to Ninety Six to guard some Tories I remained there until Colonel McCoy and Captain Simmons Command took away the last of the Tories and they then told me I could go home I then left for home and as Captain Butler who was my Captain was not present I did not get my discharge.

Sworn to and Subscribed before me

S/ D. J. McArthur, Clerk S/ William Johnson, X his mark

[fn p. 45]

State of Alabama, Perry County


6 Bobby Moss lists a Burnett (Buddied) Eskridge who served under Capt. Sterling Turner and was killed at Cloud’s Creek


 Be it remembered that William Johnson the undersigned who is a citizen of said County

& State & who now claims and applies for a pension from the United States according to the laws thereof as a soldier of the Revolutionary war personally came this sixth day of July 1848 before me Henry C. Lea an acting Justice of the Peace in & for the County & State aforesaid, who after being duly sworn deposes & states as follows that on the 16th day of October next he will be 91 years of age, he states absolutely, on oath, that he was a soldier of & for the Colonies or States during a large portion of the Revolutionary war.


That he did enlist -- with some 12 or 15 others of the company he had previously been with, in South Carolina, in the fall of 1780 or spring of 1781 or, rather volunteer, under General Greene at the place called 96 or 96 miles from Charleston & that he did without a doubt serve nine months under him the time for which he entered the service, he did receive a regular discharge at the end of his time in writing -- But swears positively that he has lost it & does not know when or where.


He states positively that he was in the Battle of Eutaw Springs under General Greene (it is impossible, he states, for him to recollect positively all the subaltern officers) and the name of General Greene was that most often & almost entirely repeated over & over among the troops when he had previously been, on account of the word & great expection [expectation] from, what had been heard, that General Greene was coming to command in the South & all of us that went volunteers or otherwise to meet & go under him thought of him or his commanding almost entirely: to the best of my recollection at the time we were received & mustered into Greene's Army at 96 I was placed under a Captain Johnson (a man of my own name) I recollect a Colonel Washington & I think that he was there but I cannot say that I was in his Regiment I can only swear that I recollect his name as if he were there & can mention others inferior in command but will not undertake to swear now as to their exact posts or places --I have seen Colonel Morgan or did before the Eutaw battle as he passed through near Edgefield but he was not at Eutaw that I recollect now. General Marion joined General Greene between the Santee River & Eutaw & is of the belief he was with General Greene I often saw General Marion & his men but I was not under him he was mostly lower down the Country then we were.


I state positively that at about the age of 20 or a little upwards I commenced my first

active service as a constant soldier I had been mustered before & held liable, but in 1777 a man named Butler (William Butler, if I am not too forgetful) lived in our neighborhood who was active & brave to command & was prevailed on to take a command of Captain & at his instance, & by our agreement to act as minute men, 17 of us of greed, at one time, to join a company under his command, if he should be elected & commissioned as Captain, which company soon increased to a larger number from 65 to 80 & he was regularly, by the law, elected & commissioned as Captain & we agreed to act as minute men; we selected a place of common & uniform rendezvous: a place called Mount hilling in our District of Edgefield; there we were to be instantly always, either for drills or on alarm from the Tories or British, ready for quick marches in any direction we should be ordered –


We fought & skirmished from that point to the distance of sometimes 60 miles around -- We had some times to take refuge into General Sumter's command when we were like to be overpowered; we were frequently in General Sumter's Camp I have seen him & his men often -- Colonel Branham [sic, Thomas Brandon] of Fairforest on Tyger River was a great soldier; our Captain frequently had us under the immediate command of Brandon & so we were marched concentrated with other forces at different times & places in the State of South Carolina during several years, say three or four years: But I cannot, for my life, state now precisely the regular train of orders & changes made with us & about us; But one thing I do know & swear positively to; that is; that I served faithfully & hard & honestly for & during the time of six years either in actual marches, or battles, or liable at every instant of time, to military duty if I never get anything for it: & this is the last application I ever expect or intend to make -- I can state a thousand little occurrences during the war to show anyone of any sense that I was in the war faithfully, as I state but I fear I cannot comply with all the law requires, for I do not know, myself, what it requires, nor do I believe anybody else does near me & I am too old to make many more trials to learn. I will state that I was at the remarkable occurrence which gave the name of murder ground to a place near the line between Edgefield & Orangeburg districts in South Carolina -- we were & had been in pursuit of a Tory commander named Cunningham [William “Bloody Bill” Cunningham] Captain Butler divided his company into two divisions some 35 or 40 in each to take different directions so as to scout the country & to act & meet as was then ordered & agreed upon -- Captain Butler took command of one half & a man named Turner was chosen by a majority to take command of the other; some of the men however believed Turner to be cowardly & it was a fact. But the Father of Captain Butler was a member of his Company & it was arranged so that the Captain's Father was to go in Turner's division & in order that there might be safety & good reliance, as well as satisfaction with Turner & his particular supporters & friends it was agreed that if there should any engagement take place the Father of Captain Butler might act in the emergency as Captain & thus all went satisfied -- while those of us under Turner had stopped to breakfast at the house, the most of the command were at or in a house; myself & a man named Benjamin Hughs were feeding our horses at some distance & Cunningham's command rushed in upon & around the house & by a very quick work, with the loss of some seven or eight men, every one of our men with Turner & Butler the Father were killed & myself & Hughs escaped only by accidentally being off feeding our horses & lay in the woods several days before we got to our main company again -- I could state numerous occurrences favorable & unfavorable during the long service in which I was engaged -- If I do not greatly forget the regular place for Captain Butler's company was in a Colonel Hammond’s command I know he was commanded by him & both Butler & Hammond by General Pickens -- But military dispositions & regulations were not then just as they are or would be now -- when there were such men as Butler; great latitude was given them to go on their own hook was allowed; but always subject to be called & ordered in & about, on emergencies or when the enemy were in large bodies.


 Now I state on oath that having served constantly some four or five years as above mostly across up & down through the middle portions of South Carolina I did then as before stated in the fall of 1780 or spring 81 volunteered & go & join General Greene as soon as we heard he was in the South & we could join him; & did serve faithfully under him nine months; Joined him at 96 & was actually engaged in the hard fought shocking battle at Eutaw Springs -- I received no wounds which leaves a mark except that besides my cloths have been cut with balls often a musket ball passed between the top of one of my ears and my head at the Eutaw Springs; but unfortunately (now I suppose) it does not leave any distinct scar though I was stunned by it -- It was not a great while after the Battle of Eutaw Springs I got my discharge from further service under General Greene but what the name of the officer was that signed it or gave it to me I will not undertake to state for I confess I cannot recollect. But after the Battle at the Springs I was with the command who was ordered to guard the Tories & others who were sent to 96. The exact

length of time I remained there I cannot tell but not perhaps more than a month or so. The

prisoners were taken from 96 by Colonel McKoy & Captain Simmons & their men, what they did with them or where they carried them, I do not know.


 I have now stated all I suppose that I need to tell unless I were to go over hundreds of

hardships escapes & difficulties in which I was during the long war & I state what I have fully sensible that I am not many years at most to remain upon the earth, If the department will allow me pay I shall be glad, if not though destitute now -- have been in better circumstances & my friends & the few relations I have may perhaps help me out of the world as I have tried to help myself while in it. I have several Brothers & sisters yet living but they were too young to know or recollect my services -- I have as many as four children scattered over the world I have only one daughter who lives near me or rather most of the time, I with her, she herself is old a widow & quite helpless in many respects -- My children who live further off are in some better circumstances --


 There is not now living within my knowledge anyone except old Mr. J. F. Hoggle whose evidence I have had taken that can prove my service under General Greene for nine months nor of the other services by -- I give directions for his evidence to be sent with my oath or application -- I found him here in Perry County when I came from Florida & he knew & told me himself where he had seen & knew me -- And this has partly been the means of renewing my hopes that the Government will hear & allow my claim Hoggle lived in an adjoining district to me in South Carolina & though younger than I was with his Father in the war & we saw each other frequently -- though his recollection about some things is more clear than my own.


I moved from Carolina to the State of Georgia not far from Savannah about 48 years ago I then moved to Florida where I lived some seven or eight years and about two years ago came up here where I have lived since in or near the town of Marion Perry County.


I am confident my name was on the roll at Columbia in South Carolina if it was not it was not my fault for it ought to have been there –


I made application while I lived in Florida for a pension; but I then did not know that Mr Hoggle or any other person was living by whom I could prove satisfactorily my services, & except that I, on my former application while I lived in Florida, by one Ephraim Prescoat proved that he knew that I started to go to join General Greene's Army & was gone as much as nine months that time but could not swear that he saw me in the service & besides he was young at the time & I had employed him to stay at my house while I was gone in the Army. This was the objection if any I suppose to my claim -- I will be glad if the department will spare the time to turn to & see the papers in my former applications from Santa Rosa or at Pensacola by & through Judge Wright Prescoat lived in Coffee County Alabama & I came up there & got Mr. Meggs to procure Judge Claxton to take Prescoat’s evidence some three years ago. They all thought there, who knew my application as made, that it would succeed but it seems that it did not: while many many others who did not serve one fifth the time I did have received their pensions in different parts of the Country & I think it hard indeed. John B. Meggs Esquire of Walton County Florida I believe has all the correspondence from the War Department if any or (if not destroyed) which relates to my former application I wish I had it all again & could send it to the Department; but I cannot get it. I know there seemed there to be very little in the way yet I never could get my allowance -- until all seemed to get tired of trying & so it lay -- I have, nor have had, no other motive on earth, in changing the agents or persons I have spoken to to get my pension, then simply because I had moved up here & found the old Mr Hoggle whose evidence I send & I never did rest satisfied with the application lying so without trying to get it honestly & fully before the Department once more. It makes me sorry to know how hard & long I served to see that others have drawn & I am to be thought of as unworthy by their side & I feel deeply that it is not just nor right.


 I have to state that if there appears to be anything wrong about my not applying sooner,

or later, or in some different way, I must say that I have done the best I could or knowed how -- I am old & not active to get about I have been afflicted with rheumatism & a touch of palsy for some 17 years, off & on, & it is the good feelings of those gentlemen where I happen to be who have more learning than I, or than my close relations, if present, would have; that enables me to know how to even begin to apply for a pension & if it is not & I did not know it to be honest; I would not have it if given; much less apply for it. I have I hope now stated all that can be thought necessary & have this whole matter in the hands of those agents who have by law then appointed to do justice.


Sworn to & subscribed in my presence after being taken down as nearly as convenient in his own words & read slowly & distinctly over to him word for word in my presence this 6th of July

1848. S/ William Johnson, X his mark


S/ Henry C. Lea, JP


[supporting affidavit as to reputation and character given by James H. DeVotie or DeVolie, pastor of the Baptist Church of which Johnson was a member.]


 [fn p. 58 SC Comptroller General’s certificates of payments made to a man or men named William Johnson or Johnston for revolutionary services.]


 [fn p. 61]


State of Alabama, Perry County


 Personally appeared John F. Hoggle for me George P. Massey an acting Justice of the

Peace in & for the County & State aforesaid who having been by me first duly sworn deposeth & says that he is personally acquainted with William Johnson who now resides & has resided in said. County some little less than two years where this affiant has resided about nine years, that said Johnson removed from Santa Rosa County in Florida to this State about three years sense as affiant is informed & believes –


That this affiant though about the age of 85 years has a distinct recollection of this being the same William Johnson with whom he was acquainted during the revolutionary war & that he saw the said Johnson at Eutaw Springs & to the best of affiant's knowledge recollection & belief said Johnson was in that engagement or battle and was under the command of General Greene -- This affiant was there or nearby though not actually in the

battle being posted at some distance with others as a guard to the baggage & stores of a portion of the Army the Father of this affiant was killed in that. This affiant is certain that this same William Johnson was afterwards with General Pickens -- other forces marched off to a place called 96 and this affiant also saw him occasionally at that place -- There has been a great lapse of time since my first acquaintance with said Johnson and affiant was quite a youth at the time & he will not undertake swear positively as to the exact dates or distances so long ago but he knows & recollects this William Johnson not only by the appearance of his frame & features but from hearing him relate several little things that makes his recollection more distinct in conversation with him some time since & affiant is satisfied from the best recollection he has that said Johnson from the different times, places &c that he saw him in the Army must have been in actual service as a soldier in the revolution eight or nine years -- said Johnson was from Edgefield & this affiant was from Newberry District in South Carolina. This affiant introduced himself to said Johnson on meeting in this County because he thought from his appearance &

hearing his name seeing his age &c that he must be the same William Johnson that he had seen at & since the Eutaw Battle & knew in their young days & is now satisfied that he is the same man & has not the least doubt of it. -- This affiant must state also that he had not seen the said Johnson for some 45 years before he came to this County this affiant moved directly from Newberry to this County -- and the said Johnson as he is informed & believed moved from Edgefield to Georgia near Savannah & thence to Florida & then to this State & County so that we have them long separated, until he is here.


Sworn to & subscribed before me this 6th July 1848


S/ G. P. Massey, JP S/ John F. Hoggle, X his mark


Southern Campaign American Revolution Pension Statements

Transcribed by Will Graves 11/20/08


Captain William Butler (afterwards General William Butler)

Captain Box [Lewis Box]

William Hudgins

Joseph Bell

Richard Laremore

Benjamin Jernigan,

James R. Riley,

Allen Blaylock,

Richard Larimer,

Veteran’s father-in-law was Moses Prestcott

Rev. Ephraim Prescoat,

John Curley,

Sherrod Curley,

Miallard Smith [?],

John Blann [?],

Buddy Escridge,

Samuel Etheridge

Mount Hilling

Benjamin Hughs

Mr. J. F. Hoggle or John F. Hoggle

Ephraim Prescoat

James H. DeVotie or DeVolie, pastor of the Baptist Church