Search billions of records on




Surname M

MAERCKLEIN, Bernard Gustav, D. D. S., M. D., a prominent dentist of Milwaukee, was born in Gartz on der Oder, Germany, October 3rd, 1848. His father, Charles Maercklein, Sen., and his mother, Dorothea Vogel, came to this country several years after their marriage, and settled on a farm in Saukville, Ozaukee county, Wis., in 1853. Charles Maercklein, Sen., prior to his immigration hither, had served three years in the Prussian army, as all young men of a certain age are required to do.

Young Maercklein attended the public schools after coming with his parents to this country, and received a fairly good education. Upon reaching manhood, he acquired an interest in a country store, where he worked for three years as clerk. He then entered the dental office of Wm. II. Loomis of Milwaukee, where he had the benefit of the instruction and advice of an experienced practitioner. After this he bought out his preceptor's office, and practiced dentistry from 1873 to 1884, at the expiration of which time he took a regular course in the dental department of the University of Pennsylvania, and also in the medical department of the same institutions, graduation from both with full honors. In 1887 he took up the practice of dentistry and medicine in Milwaukee, and has been very successful in both branches of his profession.

Dr. Maercklein has held the position of professor of oral surgery in the Milwaukee Medical Collage, and also of dean of the faculty of the dental department in the same college since 1894.

The doctor is a Republican in politics. He was appointed to the first board of dental examiners for the state by Gov. Rusk, and was reappointed by Gov. Hoard, and held the position nine years. He declined another reappointment because of his official position in the college.

He is a member of the Wisconsin State Dental society, and was president of it for one year. He is also a member of the American Dental association, the Wisconsin Medical society and the Milwaukee Practitioners' society. He is an Odd Fellow, a member of the Royal Areanum and a Knight of Honor of the Fraternal Alliance.

Dr. Maercklein was married October 3rd, 1875, to Hannah Wendel, and five children have been born to them--Ella Dorothea, Arthur, Ethel Elizabeth, Bernard Webb and Emerson Wendel. Ella is attending the University of Wisconsin, taking the classical course.

MAERCKLEIN, Reinhold E., D. D. S., a resident of Milwaukee, is the son of Charles Maercklein, Sr., a cabinet-maker, who came to this country from Germany in 1853, and settled on a farm near Saukville, Ozaukee county, Wisconsin. His wife was Dorothea Vogel. Reinhold was born February 7th, 1853, in Gartz on der Order, Germany, and was only about three months old when he came with his parents to his country. His education was obtained in the public schools of Wisconsin, but after deciding upon dentistry as his profession he entered the dental department of the University of Pennsylvania, from which he was graduated with the degree of D. D. S. in 1886. That same year he began the practice of his profession in Milwaukee, and has continued uninterruptedly in it ever since, with the result that he has not only built up a large practice, but has gained such prominence in the profession for thoroughly understanding both the theory and the art of it, that he now fills the chair of professor of clinical operative dentistry and orthodontia in the dental department of the milwaukee Medical College.

He is a member of the Wisconsin State Dental society and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

Though a Republican in politics, like most professional men, he has little or nothing to do with party machinery.

Dr. Maercklein was married on the 29th of April, 1877, to Minnie Wermuth, and two children have been born to them, one of whom died in September, 1895. Mrs. Maercklein died on the 19th of June in the same year.

MAERCKLEIN, Robert, D. D. S., was born in the town of Saukville, Ozaukee county, Wis., February 25th, 1860, the son of Charles Maercklein, Sen., who was a cabinet-maker by trade, in Germany, but abandoned it for farming after coming to this country. His wife, and mother of Dr. Maercklein, was Dorothea Vogel, also a German by birth.

Robert Maercklein attended the district school in his native village, and after having received what it could give of education, he obtained a position in a country store in Fredonia, Wis., where he remained three years, gaining such general knowledge of common business methods as may be acquired in stores of that character. After leaving the store, he began the study of dentistry with his eldest brother, Bernhard, and subsequently entered the dental department of the University of Pennsylvania, where he spent two years, graduating in 1884. He then returned to Milwaukee, and took charge of his brother, Bernhard's, dental practice during his absence for a special course of study.

In 1886 Dr. Robert Maercklein opened an office of his own, and has since continued in the uninterrupted practice of his profession, building up an extensive business. He has filled the chair of professor of the principles and practice of dentistry and of operative dentistry in the Milwaukee Medical College every since the establishment of that institution.

Politically he is a Republican, though not an active partisan. He has served as member of the Milwaukee school board from the Sixth ward, and is a member of the State Dental society and of the American Dental Association.

Dr. Maercklein was married October 5th, 1889, to Ella M. Koch, and they have two children--a boy and a girl.

MANN, John E., judge of the county court of Milwaukee county, is a native of Schoharie county, New York, where he was born on the 4th of March, 1821. He was prepared for college in the local schools of his native county, and entered the sophomore class of Williams College, where he remained two terms, and then entered Union College, at Schenectady, N. Y., from which he was graduated in 1843. After leaving college, he entered the office of Jacob Houck as a student at law; and, having pursued the study the usual time, he passed the examination, and was admitted to the bar at the general term of the supreme court in Utica, in 1847. Returning to his home, he opened an office, and began the practice of his chosen profession, which he continued seven years, or until the summer of 1854, when he removed to Wisconsin, settling in West Bend, the county scat of Washington county. Here he formed a partnership with L. F. Frisby, long known as a prominent lawyer and politician, and toward the end of his life, attorney-general of the state. This partnership continued until 1859, when Judge Mann was elected judge of the circuit court to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Judge Larabee. In the following April he was re-elected for the full term of six years. At the expiration of this term, he removed to Milwaukee, and returned to the practice of his profession, forming a partnership with F. W. Cotzhausen, then as now â prominent member of the bar. This partnership continued until 1874, when he was appointed county judge, by Governor Taylor, to fill a vacancy occasioned by the resignation of H. L. Palmer. To this office he was afterward elected, by popular vote, for the full term, and this position he has filled by successive re-elections, as often as the term exphed, until the present time. Judge Mann has now filled the office for more than twenty years, and the fact that the has had little or no opposition to his re-election when his term has expired is the best testimonial to his ability and integrity that could be produced. Thoroughly versed in the law, especially that branch of it involved in the discharge of his official duties, painstaking in his work, courteous in manner toward all appearing in this court, he has made many friends who will long retain a pleasant memory of him as an upright judge and a genial gentlemen in private life.

In 1845 Judge Mann was married to Catharine Dietz, granddaughter of William Dietz, who was an intimate political friend of Martin Van Buren, and at one time a member of the lower house of congress.

MARKS, Solon, M. D., for many years one of the leading physicians of Milwaukee, is a native of Stockbridge, Vermont, where he was born on the 14th of July, 1827. As a boy he attended the schools of his native village until sixteen years of age, when he entered the Royalton academy, and pursued the full course therein, leaving with the record of a thorough student, and with the ambition to attain eminence in whatever he might undertake. In 1848 he came west and made his home in Wisconsin. Deciding to enter the medical profession, he at once set about procuring the means for defraying his expenses while engaged in the work of preparation. In his efforts he was successful, and within three years he had accumulated enough money to carry him through the full course in Rush Medical College, in Chicago, from which he graduated in 1853. Immediately after his graduation he began, at Jefferson, Wisconsin, the work in which he has acquired such distinction. He did not, however, long remain there, but in 1856 removed to Stevens Point, where he rapidly built up a large practice. Our great civil war found him with a lucrative business not only, but with a steadily growing reputation for skill in his profession. All this, however, was as nothing when the government was in danger. Born and bred in that state where patriotic impulses are among the first and strongest in her sons, he could not resist the call of the government, but at once tendered it his services, and was appointed and commissioned surgeon of the Tenth Regiment of the Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, September 27th, 1861. The regiment left the state for the front on the 9th of November, 1861, and proceeded at once to the field of operations in the south. The regiment was assigned to Gen. Sill's brigade, and within a month afterhis arrival at the theater of war, he was detailed as brigade surgeon upon the staff of the commanding general, and this position he held until he capture of Huntsville, Alabama, on the 11th of April, 1862, when he was placed in charge of the military hospital which was established at that place. Here he remained until Gen. Buel began his retrograde movement toward the Ohio river, when he was ordered to the field, and in October, 1862, he was assigned to duty as medical director of the division commanded by Gen. Rouseau. This position he occupied until the organization of the Army of the Cumberland, when he was made surgeon-in-chief of the First Division of the Fourteenth Army corps, the duties of which post he continued to discharge with great ability and fidelity until the expiration of his term of service.

Attending the army in nearly all its battles gave him special opportunity for studying that branch of his profession which he liked best and for which he was especially suited, surgery. While in no sense neglecting or slighting his duties to the soldiers, he gained such practical knowledge as has been of inestimable advantage to him in all his subsequent professional life, and has enable him to make many valuable contributions to the literature and practice of the profession.

Upon the close of the war Dr. Marks made his home in Milwaukee, and entered again upon the private practice of his profession, in which he has become one of the best-known and most successful in the west.

On the t of December, 1867, Dr. Marks was married to Miss Theodore Smith of Waterville, Maine. She was a most estimable lady, and the union was an unusually happy one. She died on the 12th of June, 1893, to the unspeakable grief of her husband and friends.

Though not a member of any church and making no profession of good will toward men, Dr. Marks has done much good outside of the direct line of professional service. He has helped many a struggling young physician with professional counsel, and something even more substantial. In 1873 he took a trip to Europe for the purposes of relaxation and observation. He visited the hospitals of London, Paris and other cities, and of these he was a deeply interested student. On this trip his wife bore him company, and was a suggestive and most appreciative companion. Returning home after an absence of many months, he resumed practice with new energy and with a knowledge of the latest advances in the theory and practice of the profession.

MARSHALL, Roujet de Lisle, associate justice of the supreme court, is the son of Thomas Marshall, who was born in Bradford, N. H., in 1820, and in early life was a manufacturer of cotton goods. Losing his health, he removed to Wisconsin in 1854, settling on a farm in Delton, Sauk county, where he died in 1868. He was a direct descendant of Thomas Marshall, who came to this country from England in 1634. Joseph Marshall, great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, and in the fourth generation from the English ancestor, was born at Chelmsford, Mass., in 1734, where he was living at the beginning of the revolution. He took part in the battle of Lexington, the siege of Boston, and the battles of Bunker Hill and Bennington. In 1776 he removed to Ware, N. H., where he was a member of the committee of safety. He died at the age of eighty-nine. Thomas, the son of this revolutionary hero, took up his residence in Bradford, N. H., about the year 1800, and there the father of Justice Marshall was born, as before stated. The maiden name of the justice's mother was Emeline Pitkin, a descendant in the eighth generation of William Pitkin, who, with his sister came to this country from England in 1659. He was the first attorney-general of the colony of Connecticut. He married Susana Stanley, and his sister married Oliver Wolcott, and from these unions sprang the Pitkins and Wolcotts of New England, who were among the most prominent in the civil and military history of the colonies. William Pitkin, the fourth from the founder of the family, Benjamin Franklin and others, at Albany, in 1754, made the first plan for the union and government of the colonies, and this furnished a basis for the articles of confederation and subsequently the constitution of the United States. The mother of the justice was born in 1820, on a farm in Vermont, and was married to Thomas Marshall in 1842. She is now in her seventy-eighth year, still resides at the old Marshall homestead in Sauk county, and takes a lively interest in all current events.

Justice R. de L. Marshall was born in Nashua, N. H., on the 26th of December, 1847. He was educated in the common school and academy in Delton, Wis., in an academy in Baraboo, and in Lawrence University at Appleton. His attendance at the latter institution, however, was of short duration. He began the study of law at seventeen, some time before leaving school, and, in March, 1873, was admitted to the bar at Baraboo. He immediately began practice in Chippewa Falls, in partnership with N. W. Wheeler, and some years later was associated with John J. Jenkins, now member of congress from the Tenth district. His practice largely pertained to private and public corporations and questions relating to important real estate litigations and business operations. His career at the bar was very successful in character, the amount of business and the avails therefrom.

Justice Marshall began his official career at an early age. He was a justice of the peace at the age of twenty-one, member of a school board at twenty-two, county judge of Chippewa county at twenty-nine. He was member of the board of regents of the University of Wisconsin from 1884 to 1889; circuit judge of the Eleventh circuit from 1889 to 1895--having been twice elected. Upon the death of Chief Justice Orton, in 1895, Judge Marshall was appointed, by Gov. Upham, to the resulting vacancy as associate justice. He entered upon the duties of the office in September, 1895, was elected to the place for the unexpired term, and, last spring, was re-elected for the full term of ten years; in both of these elections he had no opposition.

Politically, Judge Marshall is a Republican, but has not been actively interested in political affairs. In religion he is an adherent, but not a member, of the Methodist church.

Justice Marshall was married, in 1869, to Mary E. Jenkins of Baraboo, Wisconsin, a daughter of Maj. F. K. Jenkins of the Sixth regiment. Wisconsin volunteers, and a sister of Congressman John J. Jenkins. She was born in England, and came to Wisconsin in 1853.

Possessing unflagging energy, great capacity for work, a love for his professional duties--particularly for the judicial labor in which he is now engaged--being in the prime of his mental and physical powers and having the advantage of a wide legal experience, Judge Marshall will undoubtedly fulfill the expectations of the people of the state who have twice elected him without opposition to the exalted position which he now holds. The anticipations that he will have a long and useful judicial career and prove a fitting successor of the eminent men who have preceded him, and a worthy associate of those now in service with him, will probably be fully realized.

MARTIN, Patrick Henry, a resident of Green Bay, and one of the younger members of the bar of that city, was born in the town of Rockland, Brown county, Wis., April 21st, 1862. His parents, Edward and Bridget Farrell Martin, are of Irish descent. He received his education in the district school of his native town and in the high school of Depere. Upon leaving the latter he began teaching school, and continued in that occupation from 1880 to 1885, when he entered the office of Hudd & Wigman as a student of law. Continuing his studies through the two years following, he was admitted to the bar in July, 1887, and entered at once upon the practice of his profession, in which he has continued uninterruptedly since. In 1889 he formed a law partnership with J. H. M. Wigman, for the past four years United States district attorney for the eastern district of Wisconsin, the firm name being Wigman & Martin. His practice has been a general one, extending into the highest courts, both state and federal.

Politically, Mr. Martin has always acted with the Democratic party, and has rendered it efficient service in its campaigns. He was elected district attorney of Brown county in 1888, and was re-elected in 1890 and 1892, serving three terms of two years each, and discharging the duties of the office with fidelity and ability and to the very general acceptance of the public.

He is not a member of any secret society, but belongs to the American Bar association. He is a member of the Roman Catholic church.

Mr. Martin was married June 17th, 1886, to Miss Mary E Wigman, and five children have been born to them, namely: Marie M., Agnes B., John E., Jerome P. and Joseph I. Martin.

MARTINEAU, Pierre, a prominent and accomplished lawyer of Marinette, is the son of Anthony Martineau, who settled in Green Bay in 1845, and married Leonore Marie Bourgoin of that city in 1854. Five children were born of this marriage, Pierre, the subject of this sketch, being the fourth. In 1859 the family moved to Oconto, Wis., where Anthony Martineau was a prosperous merchant at the time of his death in 1872. He belonged to the old French family of Martineaus of the Place de St. Hiliare, France. His father immigrated to Canada, and later the son came on to Green Bay, as already stated. The grandfather of Pierre Martineau's mother, Leonore Marie Bourgoin, was Gen. Shevrier of Napoleon's army. Gen. Shevrier was through all the campaigns of that great commander from Egypt to Waterloo. Her father, Pierre Shevrier, the son of the general, was in the campaign in Russia, and, at the age of twenty, took part in the battle of Waterloo as a captain in Napoleon's army. The old general was very wealthy, and, after the close of the Napoleonic wars, father and son lived together in Paris, but a quarrel arose between them over an attempt of the old general to force his son to marry a girl that he dislike. As a result of this quarrel, the general disinherited his son Pierre.

Pierre resented this by renouncing the name Shevrier, and assuming that of his mother's family, Bourgoin, and at once taking ship for San Domingo, to live with a maternal uncle there. He was shipwrecked on the voyage, off the coast of Brazil, cast ashore in an uninhabited portion of that country, and, after many hardships was taken to Cuba. There he learned from Charles Girard, a refugee from San Domingo, and a friend of his uncle, of the general slave uprising in San Domingo and the massacre of his uncle, and how the few spared ones had sought in Cuba and New Orleans. Pierre remained in Cuba, for some time, where he married Angeline Girard, a daughter of Charles Girard. Pierre Martineau's mother was born in Cuba, and when a year old was taken by her parents to France, her father being called to France by the old general to endeavor to effect a reconciliation between father and son. Instead of reconciliation being affected, however, the quarrel became more bitter, and the son, under the name of Pierre Bourgoin, left France forever, and came to Green Bay with his family, that city then being considered a French settlement. A short time after that the old general died, and his large estates went to other members of the family, because of the son's refusal to comply with the terms imposed by the old general's will, as conditions by which the son could inherit the estate.

Pierre Martineau was born in Oconto, Wisconsin, June 6th, 1865. He attended the Oconto public schools and the Oconto high school until he reached the age of fifteen years. His grandmother, the wife of Pierre Shevrier, being then a member of his family, constantly recounted to the boy Pierre the stories of Napoleon's campaigns, as told to her by her husband, which filled him with such military ardor, that at the age of sixteen, he, without leave, left the paternal roof and went to Fort Lincoln, Dakota, and Fort Assiniboine, Montana, for the purpose of enlisting in the United States army, and, if possible, becoming a military hero; but there, some officer, taking pity on him, showed him the life of a soldier in the far west as it really was, and he did not enlist. Returning home, with all his dreams of military glory dispelled, he resumed his studies. He attended the University at Notre Dame, Indiana, during the scholastic years of 1886 and 1887. In 1888 he continued his studies in Latin and French literature, under Pere Valliant, an eminent French scholar in Oconto, Wisconsin. In 1889 he attended the Wisconsin university, and in 1890 was admitted to the bar upon an examination by the state board of examiners, but continued his studies, and in 1891 was graduated from the Wisconsin university law school. In the spring of 1891 he formed a partnership for the practice of law, with W. H. Webster of Oconto, and was elected district attorney of Oconto county in 1892, on the Republican ticket, notwithstanding the fact that the county went Democratic by over four hundred majority. He was re-elected in 1894, running four hundred ahead of his ticket. In the spring of 1895, he resigned the office to go to St. Louis to practice law. He formed a partnership there with Eugene McQuillin, a lawyer who had won considerable distinction as the author of McQuillin's "Pleadings and Practice," and other legal publications. He practiced law in St. Louis a year and a half, and during that time was engaged in the defense of the Creese counterfeiters, who were implicated with the Broderick gang, the Poole murder case, and became associated with Mr. McQuillin in several civil cases of importance. The heat during the summer season in St. Louis made life unendurable to himself and family; his health began to fail, and, unable to shake off the longing to return to Wisconsin, he turned his face again to the Badger state, locating in Marinette in the fall of 1896.

Immediately after his return, he was engaged by Oconto county to prosecute the Swanson murder case. That case was very peculiar because Swanson, the defendant, had, after killing his victim, Jacob Leshak, burned the body. All that the state had, on which to secure a conviction, was a human tooth and a few splinters of bones, one of the pieces of bone being recognized by the doctors as the head of the radius, and a shirt button found in the ashes with these bones, which was identified as a button upon the clothes of Leshak when last seen. The circumstantial evidence in the case, however, was strong, and the jury was forced to the conclusion that the defendant was guilty of murder in the first degree, and such was their verdict. Immediately after that, he was retained as leading counsel in the celebrated McDougal murder case in Marinette county. Kate McDougal, the defendant in the case, a young girl of twenty years, was tried for the murder of her husband. The case was vigorously prosecuted by the E. C. Eastman, the district attorney for Marinette county. Public sentiment ran high against the defendant, because of the reputation that she bore, but the defense succeeded in convincing the jury that she should only be considered as one of the victims in a terrible tragedy. Some of the most dramatic scenes ever witnessed in a court room took place at this trial. The jury and audience were alike affected, and the climax in the case was reached when Kate McDougal fainted and was carried out of the court room unconscious, from the terrible picture painted by her counsel, Pierre Martineau, who closed the case for the defense, of what her life would be in the penitentiary under a sentence for murder in the first degree. The jury brought in a verdict for manslaughter in the fourth degree, which was accidental killing. Public indignation over the verdict was freely and forcibly expressed, because everybody believed she was guilty of deliberate murder; but the people have since become reconciled to giving her the benefit of the doubt. Immediately after this trial, a partnership was formed between E. C. Eastman of Marinette and Mr. Martineau, under the name of Eastman & Martineau, for the practice of law in Marinette. Mr. Eastman had already established a large and lucrative practice in northern Wisconsin and Michigan, and had been long recognized as one of the leading lawyers in the state. The firm of Eastman & Martineau has one of the largest law libraries in northern Wisconsin, and is recognized as one of the leading law firms in the state.

Mr. Martineau has always been a Republican, was elected district attorney as a Republican, and in every campaign has spoken with vigor and effect for the success of the party.

He is at present a member of the Marquette club, the Officemen's club, and the Legion of Honor of the city of St. Louis, all being social clubs.

In 1890, Mr. Martineau was married to Ella Bird, a daughter of James Duane Bird, whose father was one of the first settlers in Dane county, and a direct descendant of the English Major Burgoyne of revolutionary fame. James Duane Bird was the first white child born in Dane county. Miss Bird had spent most of her time in Florida with her mother, since 1876, when her father died. Mr. Martineau has three children, Eugene Bird Martineau, Paul Martineau and Marie Lenore Martineau.

Mr. Martineau has succeeded in winning a reputation as a "verdict getter" before juries. He makes no effort at flowery oratory, but endeavors, as much as possible, to have the jury forget him, and think only of the facts that are to be considered by them. By this, method he has won nearly every jury case that he has tried. He is an extensive reader of miscellaneous literature, and has a large private library. Many of his book are rare French works published in the eighteenth century.

MATHEWS, Thomas Jefferson, a resident of Merrill, and county judge of Lincoln county, is the son of Thomas P. Mathews, who was born in New York City, December 9th, 1825, and was a schoolmate of Charles O'Connor, afterward the celebrated New York lawyer. His father was Michael Mathews, who died when T. P. Mathews was but five years old, and his mother moved to St. Lawrence county, N. Y., in 1837, where they continued to reside until 1854, when T. P. Mathews came to Wisconsin. He resided near Ripon two years, and then, in 1856, removed to Wausau, Wis., immediately engaging in the lumber business, which he followed until 1874, when he temporarily abandoned it to take the office of county treasurer of the newly organized county of Lincoln. He removed to Jenny, now Merrill, in 1859, and resided there until his death, December 29th, 1887. He was instrumental in the organization of Lincoln county, and was its first county treasurer, holding the office three terms and then declining further re-election. He was mayor of Merrill in 1884-5, and presidential elector on the Greenback ticket when Peter Cooper ran for president. He held the offices of justice of the peace, school director, alderman and county supervisor. He was a defeated Greenback candidate for the assembly. He took a lively interest in school matters and in all things relating to the welfare of Merrill. He was a large owner in the original plat of the village and in several additions thereto, some of which bear his name. His interest in the town led him to invest heavily in the ill-fated Lincoln Lumber company, by which he lost the accumulations of a life-time of industry and economy. He was a man of wide and extensive acquaintance, and highly respected by all who knew him. T. J. Mathews' mother was Martha Ann Green, who was born in Reaver Center, Pa., May 20th, 1838, and was married to T. P. Mathews at Wausau, Wis., in 1858. She was the daughter of Jared Green and Sarah Washburn, and on her mother's side was a granddaughter of Judge Asa Washburn of Putney, Vermont, who was a direct descendant of John Washburn, who was the first secretary of Massachusetts Bay company, and came to America in 1631. John Washburn married the granddaughter of Mary Chilton, who was the first white woman to set foot on Plymouth Rock. The Washburns were among the early settlers of Massachusetts and the Greens were natives of that state. Jared Green was a soldier in the war of 1812-14. The Mathews are of Irish ancestry, and T. J. Mathews' grandfather came to America in 1812. He was a descendant of Red Hugh McMahon, prince of Monaghan. The Mathews branch of the family was deprived of the title of McMahon during the first year of the reign of William, Prince of Orange. T. J. Mathews' grandmother on his father's side was Mary Doyle, whose father, Francis Doyle, came to America from Ireland in 1826, and was directly descended from the ancient Milesians.

Thomas J. Mathews was born in Jenny, now Merrill, Wis., June 18th, 1865. He attended the public schools in Merrill, and, after completing the course of study therein, went to work, in 1883, in the lumber woods, and continued there until April, 1887, at which time he started for Washington territory, to "grow up with the country." He worked there during the summer of 1887, locating settlers on government land and in laying out roads in and around Seattle, being a practical surveyor at that time. He returned home in December, 1887, at the time of his father's death, and soon after began work for the Land, Log and Lumber company of Milwaukee, helping to estimate the value of their immense tract of timber lands in the northern part of the state. He continued in the employ of the company until November, 1888, when he entered the law office of Bump & Hetzel of Merrill, as a student, and remained with them until September, 1890. He then entered the law college of the University of Wisconsin, passing the examination of the state board of law examiners, and was admitted to the bar in July, 1891. Continuing his law studies in the law school, he graduated with the class of 1892, with the degree of LL. B. While in the university he was a member of the Phi Delta Phi fraternity, the Ryan and Arion Debating clubs, was chief justice of the Sloan moot court, and historian of the court in the 1891 Badger. After graduation he returned to Merrill, opened a law office in July, and his receipts for the first months were seven dollars and fifty cents, of which five dollars was given him for a ten minutes' speech to some striking laboring men. The following year he was elected to the office of city attorney of Merrill, which office he held one year, during which term, with a committee appointed by the council, he revised the city charter. In the spring of 1893 he was elected county judge, and on May 21st, 1893, the office becoming vacant, Gov. Peck appointed him to fill out his predecessor's unexpired term; and he has held the office to the present time. On April 6th, 1897, he was re-elected county judge for the term expiring January 1, 1903.

Judge Mathews has always been a Democrat.

He is a member of the Chap club, a local social organization, and of the Myrtle Lodge, No. 78, K. P.--a charter member.

Judge Mathews was married to Miss Grace Peck of Neenah, Wis., October 29th, 1896.

MAYHAM, Dr. T. F., who as a citizen, public official and physician of Fond du Lac, has long had a strong hold upon the affections of the people in the community with which he has been identified since his early manhood, was born in Blenheim, Schoharie county, New York, January 30th, 1830. His grandfather, who was a native of the North of Ireland, came to New York in his youth, grew up there, and married a wife whose ancesters came to this country from Holland. John Mayham, the father of Dr. Mayham, married Betsey Ferguson, whose name evidences her Scotch ancestry on the paternal side. On the maternal side she was of mingled English and French extraction. A prosperous farmers in that portion of New York state which is noted for its dairy products and the thrift and intelligence of its inhabitants, John Mayham carried on an extensive farming and dairy business, and his son, T. F. Mayham, received in early life a thorough industrial and economic training. While his education was not neglected, he was brought up to work, and the habits of industry and intense activity which he acquired as a result of this discipline, have enabled him to perform a prodigious amount of work, when duties and responsibilities of various kinds crowded upon him in later years. His father's family being a large one, a private teacher looked after their education a portion of the time, and the subject of this sketch also had the advantage of attendance at the district schools. That he was a precocious student is evidenced by the fact that he began teaching school when only fourteen years of age, and when fifteen was in charged of a school with an enrollment of fifty or sixty pupils, two-thirds of whom were older than himself. There was no mistaking the bent of his mind, even in early childhood. As a boy he was delighted with the study of anatomy, and the earliest dissections he ever made were those of domestic animals, and his curative powers were frequently tried on the same class of patients.

After quitting the common schools he continued his studies for a time at Stanford academy in Delaware county, New York, and completed his preliminary education at Carlisle seminary. He then began the study of medicine in the office of Dr. Isaac Mayham, an elder brother, who was practicing in Carlisle. While reading medicine he also occupied, for two years, the chair of chemistry, geology and botany in Carlisle seminary.

In the fall of 1852 he entered Albany Medical College, and, after attending two full courses of lectures, was graduated in the class of 1854. His college course completed, he found himself so much broken down in health, as a result of over-work and continuous application, that his life was despaired of, both by his friends and eminent physicians with whom he consulted. Violent hemorrhages frequently threatened to terminate his existence; and, diagnosing his own case, he determined that nothing but heroic treatment would save his life. It was this determination which brought him to Wisconsin in the fall of 1854, and for more than a year thereafter he gave himself up wholly to the effort to regain his health. Rest, recreation, living in the open air, constant watchfulness and a grim determination to get well, brought a victory over disease.

In the winter of 1855-56 he taught school in the town of Empire, Fond du Lac county, and, the following spring, was elected superintendent of schools in that town. This office he held for three successive years, teaching school during the winters of 1856-57. During those years, when not engaged in the discharge of his official duties or teaching school, he traveled over the state, introducing a uniform system of text-books into the schools of the state.

In the fall of 1858 he decided to begin the practice of the profession for which he had labored so earnestly to prepare himself, but before doing so he took a post-graduate course in the medical department of the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, and in the spring of 1859 received his diploma from that institution. His intention at that time was to seek a location in one of the states farther west; but upon his return to the town of Empire he was called to render professional services to some of his old friends, and very soon he had entered upon a practice which continued until the fall of 1863, when he went to Cairo, Illinois, as post surgeon of the government military hospital there. He remained there until early in 1866, when the close of the war, and the consequent dismantling of the hospitals, ended his term of service as a military surgeon. Returning to Wisconsin he located in Fond du Lac the following summer, and has practiced his profession in that city ever since with marked success. In 1868 he took the Ad Eundem course in Chicago Medical College, receiving the degree incident thereto in the spring of 1869, and keeping in touch thereby with the advanced thought and most approved methods of practice in the profession.

It required but a short time for him to build up a general practice of large proportions in Fond du Lac, and his readiness to respond to every demand made upon him, and thorough equipment for any emergency, has brought him to a constantly widening circle of patrons.

Quick in the diagnosis of cases and prompt in administering the proper remedies, his methods of practice have been such as to commend him to patrons, and to enable him at the same time to perform an unusual amount of work. A sympathetic nature, and kindly, generous impulses, have combined to make him always a welcome visitor in the sick-room, and to a large proportion of the community with which he has been so long identified, he has sustained the relations of family physician, counselor and friend.

The esteem in which Dr. Mayham is held by the people of Fond du Lac not only been evidenced in a generous recognition of his professional ability, but by such frequent elections also to important official positions as have hardly been meted out to any other resident of the city. He has served as a member of the country board of supervisors four terms, was for many years a member of the city board of aldermen, and for six years president of the council. For several years he was a member of the board of education, and was chosen president of the board four times. In 1882 he was first elected mayor of the city, and has since been re-elected, serving in all eight terms as head of the city government.

During his incumbency of the office of mayor he was a most active promoter of public improvements calculated to enhance the beauty, healthfulness and attractiveness of the city. The water-works and sewerage systems, electric lighting and street paving improvements were mainly constructed during his administrations, or as a result of movements set on foot with his official sanction and assistance.

His first vote was cast for Franklin Pierce for President, in 1852, and he has ever since affiliated with the Democratic party, wielding an important influence in local and state politics. In 1896 he refused to endorse the Chicago platform or to give his support to the candidates nominated thereon, was a delegate to the Indianapolis convention that nominated as candidates Generals John M. Palmer and Simon B. Buckner, and gave his hearty support to and voted for those candidates at the election. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks.

In religion he is inclined to liberalism, but at the same time has been a generous friend and patron of the churches of all denominations. Philanthropic in his instincts, charitable under all circumstances, and equally ready to assist the unfortunate or to aid in promoting the general welfare of the community through public enterprises and improvements, the testimony of those most competent to judge of his merits is, that he has been a most worthy and useful citizen.

He was married in 1860, in the town of Empire, to Miss Mary E. Baker, who was a native of New York state, and has on child, Bessie M., a young lady whose rare musical talents promise to achieve for her more than local celebrity.

McCORD, James, major of La Crosse, and a prominent business man of that city, was born in New Bedford, Lawrence county, Pa., May 3rd, 1841. His father, Allen McCord, was born, and for many years resided, in Greenville. Mercer county, Pa. He was a blacksmith by trade, a merchant and a farmer. He owned a farm in Mahoning county, Ohio, and was in good financial circumstances. He was a member of the Presbyterian church, and of Scotch descent. James McCord's mother's maiden name was Nancy Hezlep, a native of Wilmington, Pa., but of Irish descent.

James McCord received his education in the common schools and the academy at Poland, Ohio. After that he took a course in the Iron City Commercial College, Pittsburg, and graduated therefrom when about sixteen years of age. He came to Wisconsin in 1858, locating at Sparta, where he remained one summer, teaching school during the day and keeping books in a bank mornings ad evenings. In the fall he secured a position as book-keeper in a bank in Milwaukee, which he held for several years. After that he was employed as book-keeper for a wholesale drug house. In December, 1864, he removed to La Crosse, and, in company with J. H. McCulloch and John Rice of Milwaukee, he purchased the wholesale drug stock belonging to the estate of Uriah Parry, Jr. A few years thereafter, Mr. Rice withdrew from the firm, and , in 1882, Mr. McCulloch also retired, and since then Mr. McCord has carried on the business alone.

Mr. McCord has uniformly been identified with the Republican party, but is not a partisan extremist. As a representative of that party, he held the office of alderman of the city of La Crosse for six years. In the spring of 1897 he received the Republican nomination for major of the city, and was elected by a large majority over the Democratic and Populist candidates.

As a citizen he has always manifested progressive and public-spirited tendencies, and a high degree of civic pride in his adopted city, From 1874 to 1876 he was elected and successively re-elected president of the La Crosse board of trade, and he now holds the office of president of the Manufacturers' and the Jobbers' Union organizations, which have contributed largely to the growth and prosperity of the city.

He has always been identified with the Congregational church, though he is not a member of it. He is now, and for many years has been, a member of the board of trustees of the First Congregational society.

Mr. McCord was married, in 1866, to Adaline Olivia Cogswell of New York City. She died in 1876, leaving two children--Allan Cogswell McCord, born September 29th, 1872, and Horace Maynard McCord, born October 6th, 1874. Both are residents of La Crosse, and associated with their father in business. In 1879 Mr. McCord married Agnes Roosevelt, daughter of W. A. Roosevelt of La Crosse, who bore him three children, two of whom died in infancy. The other, Agnes Armitage McCord, is now (1897) fourteen years of age.

This is the record of a self-reliant, enterprising, progressive man of business and of a worthy citizen who deserves to be known for what he has accomplished.

McCORMICK, Robert Laird, banker and lumberman of Hayward, Sawyer county, Wis., is of Scotch-Irish descent, and possesses the industry, thrift and tenacity of purpose so characteristic of that race. His father, Alexander McCormick, was born at Great Island, Pennsylvania, in 1817, and served three years as a private in the civil war, but most of the time on detached service, as he was in feeble health. After the close of the war he dealt in real estate in several of the western states, and died in moderate circumstances in Sedalia, Mo., in 1877. Mr. McCormick's mother was Jane Hays Laird, who was born in Union county, Pa., in 1820, and died in Clinton county, in that state, in 1849. She was of Irish-English descent, and among her ancestors, as well as among those of her husband, were some who rose to distinction in the military service of this country.

R. L. McCormick was born October 29th, 1847, at Bald Eagle farm, Clinton county, Pa. He attended the graded school of Lock Haven, Pa., from 1854 to 1861. In April of the last named year he went with Company B, Eleventh Pennsylvania regiment, to Harrisburg, but was sent home, as he was much too young for the service, and was afterwards sent to Saunder's Military Institute, West Philadelphia, where he remained during the war. After leaving this institution he studied law with George White of Williamsport. He then entered the general office of the P. & E. Railway company, where he remained for several months. His next occupation was that of clerk in a general store in Tiffin, Ohio, in which he was engaged a year. In March, 1868, he became cashier for the Laird-Norton company, lumber manufacturers of Winona, Minn., with whom he has ever since been intimately associated. Losing his health from confinement in the office, he opened a retail lumber yard at Waseca, Minn., which, proving profitable, he remained there until 1882, when he went to the wilds of Sawyer county, Wisconsin, and, in company with A. T. Hayward of Oshkosh, erected a saw mill, which was the beginning of the business that is now known as the North Wisconsin Lumber company, of which Mr. McCormick has always been and still is secretary, treasurer, manager and part owner. Around the mill out of which came this lumber company has developed the flourishing city of Hayward. In January, 1884, in company with F. Weyerhaeuser, the multi-millionaire of St. Paul, he organized the Sawyer County bank, which is claimed to have the largest individual responsibility of any financial institution in Wisconsin. In 1890 he also organized the Northern Grain and Flouring Mills company at Ashland, and of this company he is, and has been from the start, secretary and treasurer. The company has an office in Chicago and an elevator in Manitowoc, with a capacity of 800,000 bushels. He is also president of the Mississippi and Rum River Boom company of Minneapolis, secretary of the Mississippi River Lumber company. Clinton, Iowa, and interested in other banks, land and lumber companies in the northwest.

Mr. McCormick cast his first vote for Gen. Grant for president, in 1868, and has always voted the Republican ticket, and been in sympathy with the party policy. He filled the offices of councilman and mayor when a resident of Waseca, Minn., and was senator in that state in 1880-82. During his term the railway bonds were adjusted, and the senate sat as a court in the trial of Judge E. St. Julien Cox on articles of impeachment, and removed him. On the organization of Sawyer county in 1883, Gov. Rusk commissioned Mr. McCormick as county treasurer, to which office he was afterward elected and re-elected, and served six years. He was afterward chairman of the county board of supervisors for two years, has been vice-president of the State Historical society of Wisconsin since 1893, is an eminent member of the Masonic fraternity, having held some of the highest offices therein, a member of the Sons of Veterans, Sons of the American Revolution, Society of the War of 1812, the Minnesota club, and a trustee of the First Congregational church of Hayward.

Mr. McCormick was married September 11th, 1870, to Anna E. Goodman of Seneca county, Ohio, and they have three children--Blanche Amelia, born in 1873; Wm. Laird, born in 1876; and Robert Allen, born in 1885.

McCUNN, John Niven, at the head of the Green Bay Business College, is a native of that land where strong men and true are born and reared in larger proportion than perhaps in any other. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on the 10th of December, 1858. His grandfather McCunn was a pilot who lost his life off the rugged cost of Scotland in the pursuit of his hazardous occupation. The son of this seaman and the father of the subject of this sketch, James McCunn, was a man of more than ordinary intelligence and enterprise, and a conscientious and consistent member of the Presbyterian church. He was a carpenter by trade and followed it successfully for many years. He then abandoned it for the grocery business, but died at the early age of thirty-six years. His wife, Janet Niven, was a native of Paisley, Scotland, and, after the death of her husband, decided to come to this country with her four children, deeming the advantages offered here for the material advancement of her boys superior to those of their native land. They reached Wisconsin in May, 1870, settling first in Portage country, whither James McCunn, the eldest son, preceded them.

John McCunn received some portion of his primary education in Scotland, but, after coming to Wisconsin, attended the district school, and after that the Waupaca high school. He then began teaching, keeping up his studies in the meantime. In 1882 he entered Milton College with the purpose of taking a full collegiate course, but his health failing he gave up the idea of completing the course, and visited Scotland in pursuit of health and pleasure. On his return to Wisconsin he resumed his studies and again taught school. He then became an agent for John on's Encyclopaedia, his territory covering all northern Wisconsin, with headquarters at Green Bay. In 1887 he bought a half interest in the Green Bay Business College, and by the end of thee year had complete control of it. He made many changes, innovations and improvement--added a shorthand department and furnished the rooms with new fixtures. In 1893 he erected the largest and most expensive college building in the state, devoted exclusively to a business college. It is a three-story structure of red pressed brick with brownstone trimmings, with a basement of limestone. The entire building is heated by steam and lighted with electricity, and is on of the most thoroughly equipped for the work to which it is devoted of any the west.

In 1884 Proof. McCunn was married to Miss Florence Ida Pipe, a native of Waupaca county, daughter of Thomas Pipe, ex-mayor of Waupaca. Of this union were born three children, namely: Ethel May, Florence Verna and Walter Thomas. The mother passed from earth January 10th, 1889, and, in October, 1890, Prof. McCunn married Miss Ada Montgomery, a native of Washington county, Pennsylvania, a graduate of Washington Seminary. She taught school in her native county and in the Green Bay Business College prior to her marriage. Of this second marriage there are two children now living: Harold Montgomery and John Niven.

Prof. McCunn is closely identified with the social and business interests of Green Bay and has served as a member of the city council. He is a member of the Business Men's association, and has done much to promote its objects. He is also a member of the Royal Arcanum, is an Elk, a Royal Arch Mason and a Knight of Pythias, in which latter order he was installed chancellor commander in January, 1894.

Politically, he is a Republican, and his first vote was cast for Gafield for president. He received a complimentary vote for the nomination of clerk of the court of Waupaca county in 1884. He was elected alderman from the Fifth ward of the city of Green Bay in 1893, for a term of two years, and was appointed chairman of the finance committee the second year. He declined a second term. He was chairman of the delegation that represented Brown county in the Eighth district congressional convention in 1894, and one of the loyal friends of the Hon. E. S. Minor, whose work secured for that gentleman the nomination for congress. Prof. McCunn has been the Brown county in the Eighth district congres-congressional committee for the past two years. On August 3, 1896, he was elected chairman of th Eighth district congressional committee and was also chairman of the Brown county delegation to the recent state convention that nominated Major Scofield for governor. July 31st he received from President McKinley the appointment of consul to Dunfermline, Scotland.

Prof. McCunn has done much by his enterprise in the conducting of this business college for the advancement of the social, educational and business interests of the city, and is held in high esteem by its citizens.

McDILL, G. Edward, cashier of the Citizens' National bank of Stevens Point, Wis., is a resident of McDill, a suburb of Stevens Point, and was born in Plover, Portage county, Wis., April 16th, 1856. His father, Thomas H. McDill, was a native of Crawford county, Pennsylvania, and was born in July, 1815. He came to Wisconsin in 1840, settling at Mill Creek, Portage county, at a time when there were only about three hundred inhabitants north of Portage City. He followed lumbering there for two years, then built a saw mill on the Eau Claire river near Wausau. Selling the mill in 1844, he engaged in the hotel business in Plover, was appointed sheriff of the county by Gov. Dodge in 1847, elected to the see office in the following year; and, in 1856, was chosen county treasurer. He was chairman of the town board of Plover for many years, and eight years chairman of the county board of supervisors. He was also county judge for several years, and a member of the state assembly in 1867, 1871, 1879 and 1880. From the 1850 to 1870 he carried on a general merchandise business in Plover, with his brother, A. S. McDill, who represented that district in congress in 1873. In 1864 the brothers purchased the saw mill and water power on the Plover river in what is now known as the village of McDill, and added lumbering to their business. In 1870 the store was sold, and Mr. McDill moved to the village named for him, where he continued lumbering until his death in 1889. During the civil war he held the position of quartermaster, with the rank of captain. G. E. McDill's mother's maiden name was Mary R. Harris, daughter of Jonathan Harris of Sauk county, and granddaughter of Col. John Harris of revolutionary fame. She was born in Ohio in 1826, and died in 1881.

G. E. McDill attended the common schools of Plover from 1860 to 1871, and earned his first money as messenger in the assembly of 1871, of which his father was a member and the late Gov. Smith was speaker. He made many acquaintances among the legislators, the memory of whom has always been a source of pleasure to him, and often of advantage. In the fall of 1872 he entered Lawrence University, at Appleton, and was a classmate of W. S. Stroud, ex-mayor of Portage City, and Attorney-General Mylrea. Dr. Steele was president of the institution then, and it is Mr. McDill's testimony that he taught them lessons of courage and self-reliance that they have never forgotten. While there he was a member of the Phoenix society of the college. At a competitive examination at Stevens Point, in 1873, he won an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point, and entered there in June of that year. Love of order in all things and a desire to go to the bottom of every subject is acquired and usually practiced by all West Pointers. He resigned his place in the academy, in 1876, to take up a business life. After a short course in a commercial college, he was appointed, in 1877, steward and purchasing agent of the State Hospital for the Insane at Madison, which he held until 1880, when he went into the lumber business with his father, operating the saw mill at McDill. The company built a flour mill on the same site in 1885, which has run steadily ever since. In 1893, in company with other gentlemen, he organized the Citizen's National bank of Stevens Point, with a capital of $100,000, and he was elected director and cashier, and these positions he still holds.

Politically he is a Republican, and an effective worker in the party. He has been honored with official positions, which show the confidence reposed in him by his fellow citizens. He has been chairman of the town of Plover, chairman of the county board of supervisors, is chairman of the Republican county committee and a member of the Republican state central committee. April 20th, 1897, he was appointed resident regent of the normal school board by Gov. Scofield, was confirmed by the senate under suspension of the rules, and took his seat with the board the same day. He is also a member of the library board of Stevens Point, the Sons of the American Revolution, the Episcopal church of Stevens Point, and one of the members of its vestry.

Mr. McDill was married, in 1879, to Miss Alice Babcock Stilson of Galesburg, Ill., an honored graduate of Knox College, class of 1877. She is a lady widely known and highly respected; of marked artistic ability and superior mental endowments. She is a decendant on her mother's side of the Howlands, Crapos, Kirbys and Allens of New Bedford, Mass.; and a lineal descendant of Wm. White of the Mayflower (son of Bishop John White of the Church of England) and Susannah Fuller, his wife, and thus eligible to the "Society of Mayflower Descendants." Mrs. McDill represents the Eighth congressional district in the state Federation of Woman's clubs, and is a member of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and its chapter regent for Stevens Point and vicinity. She is also a member of the Woman's club of Stevens Point and one of its founders. Mrs. McDill is a member of the Episcopal church and largely associated with charitable enterprises. Both Mr. and Mrs. McDill are active participants in the social life of Stevens Point, and they delight in hospitality that has as a rare charm graced by a spirit of kindliness and a desire to give rather than to receive.

They have two children, Genevieve Stilson, born in 1880, a graduate of the Oakland Grammar School of Chicago, as well as a graduate of the Stevens Point high school, and at present a student in the normal school of Stevens Point; and Allan Conover, born in 1888, and attending the model department of the normal school.

McDONALD, Alexander C., at the head of the Milwaukee business college hearing his name, is the son of Daniel McDonald, a superintendent of mines, who was born in Scotland, and came to this country in the fifties. He gained a competence in his business, and died January 5th, 1892. His wife, the mother of A. C. McDonald, was also a native of Scotland and bore the historic name of Wallace. They settled in Pennsylvania, subsequently came to Minonk, Illinois, where the mother is still living. The children are five in number, two girls and there boys, all of whom spent their early days in the present home of their mother. One brother is on the board of trade in Chicago, and the other in real estate and law in Chenoa, Illinois.

A. C. McDonald was born May 25th, 1860, in Mount Pleasant, Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania. He was educated in the public schools of Minonk, Ill., and graduated from the Evergreen City Business College of Bloomington, in 1897, completing the full course in bookkeeping, shorthand and penmanship. He came to Milwaukee from Bloomington, Ill., and for a time held the position of shorthand correspond to the superintendent of the American Express company. Later he was chief clerk in the purchasing department of the Wisconsin Central railway, and then shorthand assistant and M. Lee, the present manager of summer and winter hotels at Waukesha and Jacksonville, Florida. He began teaching shorthand, in a small way, in 1883, and soon after established a college of shorthand. This grew rapidly, necessitating larger quarters, which were secured in the new Matthews building. The yearly attendance of students is now between three and four hundred and the institution is one of the foremost in the northwest. Five high-grade teachers, of many years experience, are regularly employed, and the college has been equipped at a cost of over seven thousand dollars. In this age when a business education is rendered almost a necessity for every one who expects to be fully equipped for an active career, whether it be in the channels of business proper or in any of the professions that have relation thereto, the business college has an important place among the educational institutions of the country; and the McDonald College is worthy of the attention of progressive men.

Naturally, Mr. McDonald has a love or the institutions of his ancestors, society, which is devoted to keeping alive among our Scotch citizens and their children the loving memory of Scotch customs and institutions.

Mr. McDonald was married June 4th, 1891, to Jennie Louise Hill, and there are two more of Scotch descent in the second generation--Frederick Wallace and Ethel Gladys.

McELROY, William Jay, a rising lawyer of Milwaukee, is the son of Samuel and Mary McElroy, who were of Scotch-Irish extraction, passed the early part of their lives in St. Stephens, Canada, from which they removed to Berlin (Then Strong's Landing), Green Lake county, Wisconsin, in the forties, and were pioneers in that part of the country. Soon after their arrival Mr. McElroy purchased a farm near Berlin, upon which they spent the greater part of the remainder of their lives, the father dying in December, 1891, at the age of eighty-two, and the mother in 1895, at the age of seventy-nine. They helped organize the first Methodist church formed in that part of the country, were members of it all balance of their lives. Mr. McElroy was an abolitionist and Republican, and during the last few years of his life a Prohibitionist. They were both industrious and thrifty, and were noted for their hospitality, charity and earnest Christian lives.

W. J. McElroy was born in Berlin, Green Lake county, Wisconsin, on the 8th of January, 1856. The first eighteen years of his life were spent on his father's farm. As a boy he attended the public school, and then the Berlin high school, from which he was graduated in the year 1876. He then entered the University of Wisconsin, where he spent two years; and, though he did not graduate in course, the regents conferred upon him the honorary degree of master of arts.

After the university, he came to Milwaukee, and entered the office of Carpenter & Smith, and commenced the study of law, and afterwards continued the study in the office of Markham & Smith. In due time he was admitted to the bar, and began practice in Milwaukee, in which he has been engaged now about fifteen years. When he left home for Milwaukee he had less than ten dollars in his pocket; and, with the exception of twenty dollars afterward received from his father, he had no help. When he left the office of Markham & Smith. G. C. Markham loaned him one hundred dollars, with which he opened a law office and began the building of his fortune in his chosen profession. In this he has been quite as successful as he anticipated--even more so than most young men entering upon this line of work, as he now has one of the best-paying businesses in the city.

In his political views and affiliations he has been a Republican "from his youth up," and has been active in local political affairs, and rendered his party much and very efficient service in its campaigns. When but thirty years of age he was elected to the lower house of the legislature from the Fourth district of Milwaikee county, and was re-elected two years thereafter. As an evidence of the public estimation of his abilities and service in his first term, he was made chairman of the Judiciary committee of the assembly, at the begining of his second term. This committees, as all know who are familiar with legislation, is the most important in al legislative bodies, having to pass upon the legal aspects of all bills introduced and report thereon, and its verdict generally secures their passage or defeat, according as it is favorable or adverse. In his service as a legislator Mr. McElroy acquitted himself with much credit, establishing a reputation for an intelligent comprehension of the duties of legislator, and their conscientious discharge.

He served four years as secretary of the Wisconsin League of Republican Clubs, and was for one year a member from Wisconsin of the National committee of the National League of Republican Clubs. He is a member and past master of Kilbourn Lodge, F. & A. M., and also a member of the Ivanhoe Commandery, K. T.

As to religion, he was brought up a Methodist, his parents being active and earnest members of that church. Since his marriage he has attended the Presbyterian church with his wife. He was married on the 4th of December, 1890, to Miss Lillian Elliott of Milwaukee, and they had one child, a daughter, who died in the spring of 1897.

McGLACHLIN, Edward, for many years editor and publisher of The Stevens Point Journal, was born in Watson, Lewis county, N. Y., December 19th, 1840. His father, Ephraim McGlachlin, was a native of Montgomery county, N. Y.. His grandfather came from Scotland, took part in the revolutionary war, was captured by the Indians, and, in their retreat across the St. Lawrence river, was drowned. His mother, Eunice Fenton, was a native of Lewis county, N. Y., her ancestors coming from Massachusetts. She was a distant relative of Reuben Fenton, one of the war governors of New York.

Edward McGlachlin attended the district school of his native town, during winters, until he was sixteen years of age. He came to Wisconsin in June, 1857, and went to work, by the month, on the farm of Hiram Smith, in the town of Sheboygan Falls. He afterward worked for his board, taking care of a span of horses and some cows, and walking two and a half miles, morning and evening, to attend school. In the spring of 1859 he entered the office of The Fond du Lac Commonwealth to learn the printer's trade, and worked there until September, 1861, when he enlisted in Company K, First Wisconsin infantry, and served therein up to and including the battle of Chickamauga, September 19-20th, 1863. He was with the regiment in all its campaigns in Tennessee, Kentucky and northern Alabama, and was with the first troops to throw a shell across the Tennessee river at Chattanooga. He participated in the battles of Stone River. Hoover's Gap, Dug Gap and Chickamauga. Between sundown and dark of the second day of the last named battle he was taken prisoner, and was confined on Belle Isle and in Smith's building, Richmond, at Danville, Va., at Andersonville, Ga., and at Charleston and Florence, S. C., covering a period of nearly fifteen months, an experience which for duration and hardships endured has had few, if any, parallels in the history of modern warfare. During his service he held the non-commissioned offices of corporal and sergeant. His exchange was effected in January, 1865; when, his term having expired some months before, he was mustered out of service. He has been quarter-master of the local post of the Grand Army of the Republic for a number of years, and, in 1896-7, held the position of assistant quarter-master-general of the state.

After the war he resumed the printing business, and, in 1868, was associated with J. A. Watrous and T. B. Reid in the publication of The Fond du Lac Commonwealth. Selling his interest in that paper, he was, for a time, foreman of the Clinton, Iowa, Daily Herald, and, subsequently, of The Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. In 1873 he bought The Stevens Point Journal, and, two years there-after, sold a half interest in it to T. J. Simons. This partnership was terminated in January, 1893, by the death of Mr. Simons, and since then Mr. McGlachlin has conducted the paper alone.

The first political meeting Mr. McGlachlin ever attended was one in support of Fremont for president; and the first ballot he cast and every succeeding one has borne the name of the Republican nominees. He was elected to the legislature in 1888, as a Republican, and served one term. In March, 1889, he was appointed postmaster of Stevens Point, by President Harrison, and held the office a little over four years. He has been a member of the board of education of Stevens Point and its treasurer, and is a Knight of Pythias.

Mr. McGlachlin was married at Fond du Lac, August 21st, 1867, to Mary E. Lawrence, and three children have been born to them, namely: Edward Fenton, Lucy K. and Thomas Lawrence. The first named graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1889, and now holds the position of quartermaster of the Fifth United States artillery, with the rank of captain. The other children are still at home.

McGREGOR, Duncan, who was for sixteen years prior to 1894 president of the Platteville normal school, and who has recently been re-elected, is the son of Malcolm McGregor, a farmer and drover in prosperous circumstances while in business in Scotland, and of Catherine Kennedy McGregor. He was born in Forest of Cluny, parish of Cluny, Perthshire, Scotland, on the 12th of August, 1836. Until he was fourteen years of age he received instruction in a home school that was indifferent in character and equipment. His preparation for the university was made at Perth Academy, one of the best schools in Scotland, where he won several prizes in drawing, mathematics and English. After his academic course he was a member of the university and King's College, Aberdeen, for three years, completing his junior year there. Coming to Wisconsin in June, 1857, he located in Wausau, and for the first year was engaged in farming and "running the river." In the fall of 1858 he took charge of the school in Farmington, and taught it that and the two following winters. He served one term as superintendent of schools in Farmington, and five years as principal of the high school in Waupaca. He attended a term in Lawrence University, passed an examination and received the degree of A. B. He taught for a short time thereafter, and, in 1864, enlisted a company in Waupaca for service in the civil war, of which he was chosen captain, and which was assigned to the Forty-second Wisconsin infantry, and mustered in as Company A. He served during the remainder of the war, being engaged in provost duty on the Mississippi river and its tributaries. After his military service ended, he returned to teaching in the Waupaca high school, continuing there until 1867, when, the year after its organization, he was appointed professor of mathematics, teacher of methods and supervisor of practice in the state normal school at Platteville. In 1878 he was elected president of the institution and held that position for sixteen years. Owing to a change in the political complexion of the board of regents, he was not re-elected three years ago, but was chosen professor of pedagogy, and another was made president. This gentleman having recently resigned, Prof. McGregor was again elected president by a unanimous vote of the board of regents--a graceful testimonial to the ability and fidelity with which he served the cause of public education for so many years. He is the author of an enlarged drawing book published by A. H. Andrews of Chicago. As an evidence of Prof. McGregor's scholarly accomplishments, Lawrence University has just conferred upon him the degree of Lit. D.

Prof. McGregor has always been an earnest advocate of Republican principles, but claims to be only a private in the ranks of the party. In 1896 he was mentioned as a most suitable person for the nomination for governor on the Republican ticket. In Masonry he has passed from the Blue Lodge to the Consistory. He has been master of Melody Lodge for several terms, repeatedly high priest of Washington Chapter, grand high priest for two years, committee on correspondence of the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin for eight years, member of Commandery No. 12, Mineral Point, and of Milwaukee Consistory. In religion he is a Congregationalist.

On the 26th of December, 1865, Prof. McGregor was married to Annie Bowman of Waupaca, and they have five children: Alice, Grace, Elizabeth, Jessica and Richard. The three first named are teachers: the fourth has just graduated from the normal school, and the last is a lad of nine years, whose principal employment just now is growing, and who is untroubled about his future.

McKENZIE, Duncan J., state railroad commissioner, is another conspicuous example of the possibilities which in this country are before every young man of ability and ambition, and who is not afraid of honest toil. In fact there is scarcely a limit, beyond physical endurance, to the heights to which such a young man may attain. Duncan J. McKenzie, as may be guessed from the name, is of Scotch descent, and was born in Glengarry county, Ontario, on the 4th of July, 1848. He received the ordinary education afforded by the common school, and then came to Wisconsin, in 1872, and first settled in Chippewa Falls. There be remained until 1875, when he removed to Buffalo county, where he has since resided. Here he began the ascent which landed him in a state office, and at the same time made him known throughout Wisconsin. He worked at lumbering, in all its departments from bottom to top, and thus became familiar with every branch of it, which twenty years ago was a very important part of a business education, and one which led to wealth in many cases, although Mr. McKenzie's is probably not one of these. But the business served to bring him into notice, and Gov. William E. Smith, who had the faculty of appointing good men, made him lumber inspector of the Ninth district in 1878; and, as an evidence that he made an efficient and trustworthy officer, he held the position eleven years, through the terms of Governors Smith and Rusk. At the same time he held local offices of importance--was trustee of the village of Alma, and one of its first board of aldermen after it was chartered, was supervisor in 1884; mayor of Alma in 1891; chairman of the Buffalo Republican county committee in 1888-9, and member of the assembly in 1892, from the counties of Buffalo and Pepin. In 1894 he was nominated by the Republican state convention for railroad commissioner, and elected that fall by a plurality of 60,032 over the Democratic candidate, and a majority over all opponents of 24.100. He was a candidate before that convention for state treasurer, and was thought at first to have the best chance for the nomination of any of the aspirants; but political exigencies carried the nomination in another direction. When, however, the convention realized that a popular and capable man was, to use a slang phrase, turned down, he was promptly taken up and nominated for railroad commissioner. In the discharge of the duties of the office he has demonstrated that the convention made no mistake in his nomination. He has shown the same executive ability which he has always shown in meeting the official duties that have fallen to him. He was nominated for re-election by the state convention of 1896, and it is remarkable that neither in his case, nor in that of any of the state officers nominated, was there any criticism of the administration of his office. He was re-elected by a large majority, and is now administering the office for the second term.

He has always been an earnest and enthusiastic worker for his party, and is one of those in the northern part of the state who could be relied on to do the necessary party work to make success as near certain as possible. 

This implies something more than is contained in the words--it means that the man of which it is said is one of thorough convictions, that he is willing to work for what he believes to be true, and that he has the influence which belongs to earnest men.

His parents, James McKenzie and Anna Bella (McLaren) McKenzie, were born near Glasgow, Scotland, and emigrated to Canada in 1828. They settled on a farm and engaged in manufacturing lumber on a small scale. They had eight children, four sons and four daughters.

The subject of this sketch was married at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, in 1875, to Catherine Elizabeth, daughter of David and Cornelia (Babcock) Horton. Her parents, descendants of New England ancestry, came from Binghamton, New York, to Wisconsin, and are now residents of chippewa county. To Mr. and Mrs. McKenzie six children have been born, the eldest of whom died in childhood.

Mr. Mckenzie is a member of Alma Blue Lodge, No. 184, A. F. & M.; Eau Claire Chapter, No. 36, R. A. M.; Chippewa Commandery, No. 8, and Wisconsin Consistory and Shrine. He is also a member of the La Crosse Lodge of United Commercial Travelers and La Crosse Lodge of Elks.

McLAREN, William Pratt, for thirty years one of the most prominent and honored of Milwaukee's business men, is a native of that land of brainy men, Scotland, having been born in Glasgow on the 19th of June, 1834. His father was John McLaren, a calico print manufacturer of Kirkintilloch, Scotland. His mother, Catherine Pratt McLaren, was born and brought up in Logic Almond, the hamlet made forever famous by Ian McLaren as Drumtochty. Mr. McLaren's parents, though not especially notable, were of that class that by its intelligence, integrity and Christian character has made the name of Scotland known the world over, and given it a place in history and literature second to that of no other nationality.

Young McLaren was educated in the parochial school in his native city until was fourteen years of age, after which he spent two years at the grammar school in Perth, Scotland, and thus ended his school days. He then became a clerk in an export house in Glasgow, Scotland. In 1853, when but nineteen years old, he landed in New York, which to so many of foreign birth has been the first step in a career of prosperity and honor. He also visited Boston, seeking a location which promised something more than his native land in the way of material reward for such investment of energy, ability and perseverance as he had to make. Some time was spent in this prospecting, including a visit of some length to Iowa, in 1855. Nothing, however, seemed to offer what he desired, and he went to Montreal in 1856, where he soon entered the grain and flour business, becoming a partner in the firm if Janes Oliver & Co., continuing in the business for eight years. He very soon assumed the prominence in business circles and in measures for the promotion of public improvement, which has characterized his life in Milwaukee. He was director of the Montreal board of trade, incorporator and president of the Corn exchange, president of the Mercantile library, and of the Mercantile Literary society.

In 1864, Mr. McLaren retired from the Montreal firm and took up his residence in Milwaukee, where he established the commission firm of W. P. McLaren & Co., of Milwaukee and Chicago, which did a prosperous business for twenty years, or until 1884, when he retired from it. For two years thereafter he had an interest in the wholesale grocery firm of Ricker, Crombie & McLaren, and, upon retiring from this, he gave his time to private enterprises and to financial institutions with which he has long been connected. He has been for twenty years a trustee and a member of the executive and finance committees of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance company, and, for the last few years, second vice-president of that company; and in that position has devoted his entire time to its interests.

As a business man Mr. McLaren has been noted for excellent judgment, conservative methods, yet alert and energetic in action, of indefatigable industry and of an integrity that has never been questioned. While always immersed in business, he has found time for benevolent and philanthropic work, and to further every enterprise calculated to benefit the city of his adoption and contribute to its growth and prosperity. As an evidence of this and the confidence reposed in him, in addition to the official positions already mentioned as held by him, he has been a director and twice vice-president of the Milwaukee Chamber of Commerce, trustee of the gratuity fund of that organization, director of the Northwestern National Insurance company, vice-president of the national board of trade, director of the Mercantile library of Milwaukee, trustee of Lake Forest University and Carroll College, president of the board of trustee of Milwaukee College, trustee of Milwaukee Academy, director of the Humane society, first president of the Associated Charities of Milwaukee, and of the Emergency hospital, vice-president of the Red Cross society and chairman of the relief committee of the Newhall house fire.

Though coming to Milwaukee late in the year of 1864, but a few months before the close of our great civil war, Mr. McLaren did not attempt to avoid his responsibility as a citizen, but sent a substitute into the army, although he might, if he had chosen so to do, have escaped this duty.

Mr. McLaren is a Republican in politics, and though frequently spoken of in connection with civil office, he has not manifested any desire in this direction, and has declined such of these honors as have been proposed to him. He has, however, been active in attending the caucuses and in the endeavor to secure the right man for office; has repeatedly been chairman of city and county conventions, was chairman of the Republican state convention which met in Madison in 1880, was presidential elector in the same year, and cast his vote for Garfield for president.

Brought up a Presbyterian, he has not departed from the faith, but has been a consistent member of Immanuel Presbyterian church in this city for many years, and an elder and trustee of the same. His first church connection in the city was with Olivet church, of which he was deacon and trustee.

Mr. McLaren was married on the 2nd of September, 1858, to Harriet Wyeth of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and they have had seven children, three of whom are dead. The living are Mary, Maria, George and William.

McLEOD, Arthur William, a resident of Washburn, and district attorney of Bayfield county, is one of the youngest men in official position in Wisconsin. He was born in Alpena, Michigan, September 26th, 1872. Both his father and mother are of Scottish extraction, as indicated by the name. Coming to Eagle River, Wis., in 1888, he entered the law office of N. A. Colman of that place, as a law student, the following year, being then but seventeen years of age. He read law there for three years, and then entered the law school of the University of Wisconsin, in the fall of 1892, and graduated in June, 1894, with the degree of LL. B. He was admitted to the bar in Madison soon after graduation, being then twenty-one years of age. While a student in the law school he was vice-president of the Republican College League of the university. In July, 1894, he located at Washburn, and in September following was nominated by the Republican county convention for the office of district attorney, but declined the nomination. He was next nominated for city attorney Washburn, in 1895, and was elected, and re-elected the following year. In August, 1896, he was a delegate to the Republican congressional convention in the Tenth district, and was also a delegate to the Republican state convention which met in Milwaukee the same month, and was secretary of the Tenth congressional district in that convention, member of the Tenth district congressional committee from Bayfield county, and also secretary of the executive committee of that district.

He is now district attorney of Bayfield county, and, in the winter of 1896-7, he was a member of the commission appointed to review and equalize the taxes of Ashland county. He is secretary and director of the Washburn Electric Light and Power company.

Mr. McLeod is a member of Washburn Lodge, No. 240, A. F. & A. M., and is junior warden of the lodge. He is also a members of Ashland Chapter, Royal Arch Masons. He is unmarried.

This is a busy record for so young a man, and one which indicates that he is fully entitled to be classed among "Men of Progress."

McNALLY, William Francis, mayor and prominent lawyer of New Richmond, is the son of William and Hannah McCormick McNally, who emigrated from Ireland in 1847 and settled in Emerald, St. Croix county, Wisconsin, in 1858. Thence they removed, in 1865, to Erin Prairie, in the county just named. Their occupation was farming until 1890, when they removed to the city of New Richmond, where they now reside.

W. F. McNally was born in Emerald, St. Croix county, Wis., on the 19th of March, 1860. He was educated in the common schools of St. Croix county and at Collegeville, Minn., and commenced to teach a district school at sixteen years of age. He was engaged chiefly in teaching during the next seven years, and while so engaged commenced reading law. In March, 1884, he entered the law office of Frank D. Fuller in New Richmond, Wis., as a clerk, and was admitted to the bar in the following November. In September, 1885, he entered into partnership with Mr. Fuller for the practice of law, under the firm name of Fuller & McNally. The following year this partnership ceased by the retirement of Mr. Fuller, Mr. McNally continuing the business alone until 1890, when he formed a partnership with his brother, under the firm name of W. F. & M. P. McNally, which still continues. The firm enjoys an extensive and profitable law practice.

Since 1892 Mr. McNally has been a partner in New Richmond Roller Mills company, which does a large grain and flour business throughout northern Wisconsin. For some years he has been a director and vice-president of the Manufacturer's bank of New Richmond.

In the spring of 1896, he was appointed by the county board chairman of a committee of three to purchase a site and build an asylum for the chronic insane near New Richmond. The committee built and equipped the asylum at a total for site and building, $60,000, and the state board of control, upon inspecting it, pronounced it the first county asylum in the state.

Mr. McNally is a Democrat, and in 1888 was the Democrat candidate for district attorney of St. Croix county, but was defeated by only ninety-four votes, although the rest of his ticket was defeated by from 600 to 900. He represented his county in the Democratic state conventions held in Milwaukee in 1890, 1892 and 1894. In 1896 he was chosen as one of the delegates to the Democratic national convention at Chicago, but refused to participate in the proceedings after the adoption of the platform. He was afterwards chosen a delegate to the Indianapolis convention, but was unable to attend. He, however, made speechless for Palmer and Buckner during the last week of the campaign.

He was for a number of years city attorney of New Richmond, was for the three years, from 1892 to 1895, president of the board of education, was elected mayor of New Richmond in the spring of 1896, and re-elevated without opposition in the spring of 1897.

Mr. McNally was married, in 1888, to Miss Stella Murphy, and they have two children--William J. and Robert. He is a member of the Catholic church.

McVICKER, Emery Marion, or E. M. McVicker as he signs the name, is a resident of Milwaukee, and is the son of Daniel and Addle Folks McVicker. E. M. McVicker's father, grandfather and great-grandfather were slave-holders in Virginia, and owned large plantations near Leesburg. His father and grandfather sold their slaves and plantations just before the was of the rebellion broke out, and removed to Illinois, the grandfather entering upon the practice of law in Lawn Ridge. The name of McVicker is said to be a corruption of the English title vicar, designating a church dignitary, and the name of Mike or Michael, the two forming the name Mike Vickar, which was borne by a stage manager of William Shakespeare, and also Ben Johnson's company. The descendants of this Mike Vickar, according to tradition, came to be known as McVickar, and the family has ever since been prominent upon the stage and in the pulpit.

E. M. McVicker was born near Peoria, Illinois, in 1859, receiving his education in the public schools near his home and in Ripon College, Wisconsin, where he remained four years. He then entered the law school of the state university of Wisconsin, from which he was graduated in 1892. During his course at Ripon and at the university he was active in the debating societies, and in all the exercises calculated to fit him for his future calling. While pursuing his high school course at Gibson, Illinois, he also read law in the office of C. H. Ycomans, and there earned his first professional dollar by drawing up a lease for a farmer in the absence of his chief. He continued reading law there until he went to Ripon, where he also kept up his law studies in the office of Judge L. E. Reed. While at the university he read and practiced law in the office of Bushness, Rogers & Hall.

Immediately upon his graduation he formed a partnership with classmate, E. A. Kehr, under the firm name of McVicker & Kehr, and they opened an office in the Pahst building in Milwaukee, where the entered upon the practice of his profession upon his return from the Pacific coast, and the Yellowstone Park. His practice has been confined, from choice, to the civil courts, and he has, for the most part, been employed by corporations. One of the most important cases that he has had was one involving the validity of the incorporation of the village of North Milwaukee, which was carried to the supreme court to test the constitutionality of the act of the legislature authorizing courts to incorporate villages. This question involved many villages so incorporated throughout the state.

Mr. McVicker is a staunch Republican, believing in the principles of protection and a sound and stable currency. He takes an active part in the party caucuses and conventions, and has done some platform speaking, but has neither sought nor held any political office. He is a member of several clubs, is an Odd Fellow and Mason, belonging to Ivanhoe Commandery of Milwaukee. He is also a member of Washington Avenue M. E. church of that city.

MEAD, Lewis Henry, a stirring man and good lawyer of Shell Lake, Washburn county, comes of New England ancestry through both parents, as their names indicate. His father, W. P. Mead, a farmer in South Dakota, is a native of Vermont, and his mother, who was Julia Morrill, is a native of Maine. The families of both came west, and settled in Dane county, near Marshall, in 1845, where L. H. Mead was born on the 26th of September, 1853. He received a common school education, but much of his time was spent in working on a farm until he was nineteen years of age, when he lost his right hand in a threshing machine. Realizing that he must seek some other way of making a living besides manual labor, he set about preparing himself for a profession. Securing a place where he could do work sufficient to pay for his board, he went to school until he got a certificate authorizing him to teach a district school. This employment he followed for four years, meanwhile studying at night to improve his scholarship and fit him for higher work. He then taught two years in the graded schools of Waterloo, which was followed by two years' teaching in the high school at Columbus. Meantime he had learned to write with his left hand, and his penmanship is a model for most men who have the use of their right hand. Having thus saved a little money he went to Madison, took a course in law in the university, and at the same time studied in a law office there, and was admitted to the bar upon examination before Judge Alva Stewart, November 27th, 1882. Locating in Shell Lake, he began the practice of his profession, and such ability did he show that on the 13th of June, 1883, or only about six months after his admission to the bar, he was appointed county judge of Washburn county. This position he held by election and re-election until January 4th, 1897, when he resigned to accept the office of district attorney, to which he had been elected the previous November. Judge Mead was elected to the assembly in 1889 and re-elected in 1891. In this legislative position Judge Mead's service was intelligent and conservative and such as to commend him to the favorable consideration of all those familiar with the legislation of those sessions.

Judge Mead's parents and grandparents on both sides were Democrats, but he has always been a Republican, and was taken an active part in every campaign since 1882. He is now an influential member of the Republican state central committee, and of the executive committee of that organization. At the session of the assembly in 1891, Judge Mead received the Republican vote for speaker, but as the Democrats had a majority in the house, he was not elected. He has attended as a delegate every Republican state convention since 1882 save one, which is a marked evidence of his popularity in his party. He has also been a member of many local conventions.

Judge Mead belongs only to the Odd Fellows, in which order he is a member of every branch, was grand master from June, 1895, to June, 1896, when he was elected grand representative for two years. He was also a member of the Sovereign Grand Rapids Lodge that meet at Dallas, Texas, in September, 1896.

On September 14th, 1887, Judge Mead was married to Eva S. Todd of Lodi, Wisconsin. She is the daughter of M. F. Todd, a Universalist minister, who died in 1888, and who had preached many years in the southern part of the state. They have no children.

Judge Mead is eminently a public-spirited man, and has interested himself in educational matters, having long been a member of the school board and given his influence and support to whatever tends to educational and social progress. He was a member of the committee that was preparing for the semi-centennial celebration of the admission of Wisconsin into the Union. Few men have overcome so many obstacles to progress and risen to so much of usefulness and influence as Judge Mead.

MEAD, Major C., a resident of Plymouth and one of the leading lawyers of Sheboygan county, was born in the town of Lyndon, in 1858. His father, Abel Mead, a farmer by occupation, was a native of Putnam county, N. Y., where he was born in 1832. He came to Wisconsin with his father's family in 1849, settling on a farm in the town of Lyndon, Sheboygan county, where he died October 2nd, 1860. The maiden name of M. C. Mead's mother was Permelia Peek, who was born in Rensselaer county, N. Y., December 3rd, 1834. She also came to Wisconsin in 1848 with her parents, who made their home in the same town as the Meads. She was educated at Berea College in Ohio, and taught school in Sheboygan county for a number of years. She and Abel Mead were married December 9th, 1854. The ancestors of both the Meads and the Pecks are traceable back to England, some of the latter coming to Connecticut as early as 1630. Both families were represented in the military struggles of the country for gaining and maintaining its independence, and both had long been established and had an honorable record.

Young Mead was reared on a farm and received his education in the common and high schools of his native county, and in the state university, his connection with the latter being in the law department, from which he graduated in the class of 1881. Mr. Mead, before entering upon his law course, taught school for a number of years, and was for a time principal of one of the ward schools of Sheboygan. After his graduation from the law school, he opened an office in Wausau, Wis., for the practice of law, but remained there only a short time, removing to Plymouth in October, 1881, where he has continuously resided since, building up an extensive and profitable law practice, and gaining a reputation as one of the ablest, most reliable and trustworthy attorneys in that part of the state. He has a large and valuable law library, and his legal prominence shows that he is a close student of its pages.

Mr. Mead has always been a Democrat in politics, and as such was elected to the state senate in 1888 from the Twentieth senatorial district, receiving a majority of 2,375 over Asa Carpenter, his Republican opponent. He was one of the youngest members of the senate, but at once took a prominent part in legislation. He served as chairman of the joint committee on charitable and penal institutions in the session of 1891, and was, also, on the judiciary committee and the committee on railroads. He was author of the law abolishing the state board of charities and the state board of supervision, and creating the state board of control, and the law for the destruction of ballots when counted. He was chosen a delegate to the Democratic national convention at Chicago in 1896, but when the platform was adopted he became one of the "bolters," and was a delegate to the national Democratic convention which nominated Senator Palmer for president. He was city attorney of Plymouth for eight years, and for the past ten years has been circuit court commissioner.

Mr. Mead is a member of Acassia Lodge, No. 167, A. F. & A. M. of Plymouth; of Harmony Chapter, No. 10, R. A. M. of Sheboygan; of Hiawatha Lodge, No. 520, R. A., and of Plymouth Camp, No. 724, M. W. A. He is not a member of any church, but attends the Episcopal, to which his family belong. He has been president of the Business Men's association of Plymouth for four years.

On the 29th of June, 1881, he was married to Rose Robinson, whose father was a Union soldier in the civil war and died at Helena, Arkansas. They have three children--one son and two daughters, namely: Warren J., Arlisle and Jessie, aged respectively, fourteen, eleven and nine years.

Personally, Mr. Mead is courteous and genial in manner, readily makes friends and firmly holds them when made. As a citizen he is public-spirited and ready to serve the public interests with time and money whenever they really demand such service.

MEINECKE, Adolph, one of those men to be found in every considerable community, who, while building a fortune for themselves, contribute to the comfort and happiness of scores of others, and also to the public welfare, was born in Burhave, in the grand duchy of Oldenburg. He received what educational advantages the place of his nativity afforded, and in addition thereto private instruction and direction from his father, who was a physician and well qualified by his own scholarly acquirements to aid his son in his studies. When the lad had reached the age of thirteen years he was sent to the high school at Oldenburg, and then to the commercial college in Osnabruck. With this training he was well equipped to make his way in the world. But his means were meager, and naturally his thoughts turned to the "land of promise," America; and, in the spring of 1848, he took passage for New York, which he reached on the 10th of June of that year. Soon after arriving in New York he found his money gone, and to live he must find work. In this crisis in his personal affairs, he was so fortunate as to secure a position in the importing house of Edward Hen of Liberty street, where he remained for seven years, rising ultimately to a position of trust. Here he probably might have remained indefinitely, but for the fact that he was not content to remain in a subordinate position--he saw larger things before him, if only he could put his own hand upon the wheel of some enterprise. He, therefore, came to Milwaukee in 1855, and opened a store for toys and fancy goods. In 1864, when importation of foreign goods was at a low ebb, owing to the high duty on most articles and the large discount on currency, Mr. Meinecke thought it a promising time to establish a factory in Milwaukee for children's carriages, baskets, toys and the like. But this was not all; he found it necessary, or at least advisable, to begin the cultivation of osier willow for use in the factory. His willow crop soon proved insufficient for the demand of the factory, and farmers in the vicinity of Milwaukee began to add the willow to their crops; and ere long they found it very profitable, the factory having grown to such proportions that it consumed all the willow offered that was suitable for the purposes of manufacture. The factory thus begun steadily grew in size and importance until it has now covered the whole block along the river front from Mason street to Oneida, and has become the most important factory of the kind in the west, the articles that it manufactures being of the very best in the market. Mr. Meinecke's sons now control the business under his general direction, Ferdinand having the management of the factory, which employs some two hundred and fifty persons, and Adolph Meinecke, Jr., and Carl Penshorn having in charge the toy department. The various departments of the factory are a most interesting subject of study, as showing what useful and beautiful things are made there, not only, but how great a business may grow from small beginnings.

But Mr. Meinecke is not simply a manufacturer. He is a most public-spirited and intelligent gentleman, and has been conspicuous in connection with educational measures. He was one of the commissioners from Wisconsin to the Centennial exposition in Philadelphia, in 1876, has been one of the trustees of the Public Museum ever since it was established, and has done a large amount of work in promotion of its interests and aims, and has made many important donations to its collections, which alone would entitle him to public gratitude. His contributions to German papers both here and in Germany are evidence that he is an accomplished man not only, but one who thinks deeply upon public questions. He is such a citizen as Milwaukee may well feel proud of, whether he be considered simply as a man of business or in the broader character of one who thinks for the welfare of the public.

Politically he is a pronounced Republican, but is not one for revenue or honors, as may be readily inferred from what has already been said of him. As to religious faith, he was brought up a Lutheran. On the 25th of February, 1854, he was married to Mary Louise, daughter of George Kraft of Heilbronn, a woman of many virtues and unusual culture. Two children were born of this union. Mrs. Meinecke died three years since, to the unspeakable grief of her husband.

Mr. Meinecke's native town recently paid him the compliment of conferring upon him honorary citizenship therein.

MEISENHEIMER, Adam, who conducts a real estate, loan and insurance office at 330 Clinton street, Milwaukee, and is a notary public, is the son of Jacob Meisenheimer, a native of Germany, where he was born February 3rd, 1803. He came to Wisconsin in 1843, and settled on a farm in the town of Jackson, Washington county, where he spent the remainder of his life, dying January 31st, 1884. The wife of Jacob Meisenheimer and mother of the subject of this sketch, was Catharina Jacobus, also a native of Germany, who died October 6th, 1873.

Adam Meisenheimer was born in the town of Jackson, Washington county, Wisconsin, February 17th, 1851, and there spent his boyhood in attendance upon the public school until he was fifteen years of age, when he came to Milwaukee and learned the trade of harness-maker. In December, 1872, he became a member of the fire department and was assigned to engine company No. 3, where he served until July, 1878, when he was promoted to the position of captain of supply hose company No. 2. In December, 1882, he resigned the position and accepted that of chief of the police and fire department of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway company at its shops in West Milwaukee. This position he gave up in May, 1888, on account of ill health, and, after a rest of a few months, he opened, in August of that year, an office for the transaction of real estate and insurance business, and in this he is still engaged, having met with unusual success, especially from a financial point of view.

Mr. Meisenheimer is a charter member of the Schiller Lodge, No. 21, A. O. U., and past master workman of the same. He has served twenty-one terms as treasurer and financier of this lodge, and still holds the office of financier. He is a delegate or representative to the next session of the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin, and has representative his lodge in the sessions of the grand lodge that have been held in Milwaukee. Racine, Baraboo and Oshkosh. He organized the first Degree of Honor Lodge in Milwaukee, auxiliary to the A. O. U. W. He is a member of Armin Lodge, No. 9. Order of the Sons of Herman, was twice its president, and twice representative it in the Grand Lodge of Wisconsin. He is an honorary member of the Ottilie Verein, No. 2, G. U. V., and a member of the George Washington Bowling club, of which he is vice-president.

In politics he has always been a Republican, and in 1895-6 represented the Eighth ward on the Republican county committee.

September 15th, 1874, he was married to Miss Josie M. Geskermann, a native of Milwaukee. She is a member of the Social Circle Germania, a benevolent association. She is also a member and recording secretary of Ottilie Verein, No. 2, G. U. V.

Mr. and Mrs. Meisenheimer have six children. The two oldest boys, after having passed through the public school, have taken up trades, the one that of iron moulder and the other that of printer. The three younger are still in the Eighth district school.

MERRILL, Willard, was born in Rome, New York, January 16, 1831. For thirty-seven years he has in some capacity been connected with the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance company. He is a college-bred man, having graduated from Amherst College in 1854. He taught in the academy at Bridgewater, Mass., for a time after graduating. In the spring of 1856 Mr. Merrill was admitted to practice in the supreme court of New York. Immediately thereafter he came to Wisconsin. At that time the railroad was being pushed from Milwaukee to Prairie du Chien, and it was expected that this river town would become a great city. He located there and remained in Prairie du Chien until 1860, when he went to Janesville, pursuing the practice of his profession, and for several years prior to removing to Milwaukee he has the law partner of the Hon. J. B. Cassoday, who is now chief justice of the supreme court of Wisconsin. It was in Janesville that Mr. Merrill became interested in the insurance business and became connected with the insurance company of which he has so long been an official. He was found of the study of insurance law and was induced to accept the offer of the insurance company to become its secretary. He therefore abandoned the practice of law and came to Milwaukee in January, 1873, and assumed the duties of his new position. On December 19th, 1881, he was made superintendent of agencies, and was soon after made second vice-president of the company, and July 18, 1894, he was elected vice-president. Mr. Merrill has always been a Republican, and in the Wisconsin legislature of 1871 he was the member of the assembly from the Janesville district. After his election and before the meeting of the legislature, Gov. Fairchild appointed him upon the visiting committee, whose duty it was to examine and report upon the condition of the penal and charitable institutions of the state. Subsequently, and at the organization of the board, he was made a member of the state board of charities and reforms, the members of which received no compensation and were charged with the duty of visiting and supervising the penal and charitable institutions of the state and also the county jails and poorhouses. Upon coming to Milwaukee Mr. Merrill's official duties did not permit him to give the time necessary for the work of this board and he resigned. Mr. Merrill has been a thorough student of life insurance in its various aspects, and it was he who at a recent banquet of the Wisconsin underwriters suggested the creation of a chair of insurance at the University of Wisconsin. Mr. Merrill lives at 95 Prospect avenue.

MESSMER, Sebastian Gebhard, bishop of Green bay, was born in Goldach, canton of St. Gall, Switzerland, on the 29th of August, 1847. His father was Sebastian Gebhard Messmer, a farmer by occupation, though he held office for over twenty years in his town and canton. His mother was Rosa, nee Baumgartner. The ancestors on both sides were of the agricultural class. The education of young Messmer was begun in the common schools of his native town, from which he went to the high school at the neighboring village of Rorschach, on the Lake of Constance. There he spent three years. From 1861 to 1866 he was a student in the electrical preparatory seminary of St. George, near the city of St. Gall, where he took he full classical course. For the following five years he pursued the study of philosophy and theology in the University of Insbruck in the Tyrol, Austria. There he was ordained to the priesthood, July 23rd, 1871, for the diocese of Newark, New Jersey. In October following be came to this country as professor of theology in Seton Hall College, near South Orange, N. J. Here he remained until August, 1889. During the same period he was chaplain of St. Mary's Orphan Asylum, in South Orange, for six years, and served St. Leo's Catholic congregation at Irvington, N. J., for two years. In 1883 he was one of the secretaries of the provincial council of New York, and in 1884 he held the same position in the plenary council at Baltimore. For several years he was moderator of the diocesan conference, synodical examiner, and member of the bishop's council. In 1885 he was made a doctor of divinity by the pope.

Dr. Messmer edited the acts and decrees of the Baltimore council, made an English translation of a work on "Canonical Procedure," and compiled a manual for diocesan and provincial synods. Dr. Messmer has also written much,both in German and English, for ecclesiastical periodicals, relating to questions of interest to the church.

In 1889 he was called to the chair of canon law in the Catholic university at Washington, D. C.; but went first to Rome for a course in Roman civil law, and there took the degree of doctor of canon law. Returning, he took his chair in the university in September, 1890, and taught there until March, 1892. In December, 1891, he was appointed bishop of Green bay, Wisconsin, and was consecrated by the Rt. Rev. Otto Zardetti, then bishop of St. Cloud, Minnesota, March 27th, 1892, in St. Peter's church, Newark, N. J. On the 7th of April following, he arrived in Green Bay, and entered upon there discharge of his episcopal duties.

Bishop Messmer is a very scholarly man, and has taken great interest in educational matters and everything which tends to the promotion of intellectual culture. He is a member of the State Historical society of Wisconsin, and since 1894 president of the Columbian Catholic summer school.

MEYST, William, was born in Amsterdam, Holland, September 11th, 1846. His father, Peter Meyst, and his mother, Cornelia Faber, were both natives of Amsterdam. A brother of Mrs. Meyst, Frank J. Faber, was for years head engineer, having full charge of the water works in India, for the Dutch government.

William Meyst attended school in his native city, and so precocious was he that at the age of ten years he had mastered all the branches of an ordinary education, and received a certificate of qualification for teacher in the public schools, and a year thereafter he received a diploma for scholarship in the French language. When but a boy, he began teaching in the public schools of Holland, and continued it for five years. After that he took private instruction in various branches, and prepared himself for a commercial career. He came to this country in May, 1867, when twenty-one years of age, with his parents, who started a Dutch colony in Minnesota. William, however, remained in St. Paul, preferring to be self-supporting. Times being exceedingly hard, and not being willing to remain in idleness, he sawed wood in St. Paul, and in this he earned his first money in this country. But a man of such parts was not made for a sawer of wood, or for anything of that kind. The postmaster of St. Paul heard of him as a good linguist, and, wishing a translator, sent for him, and finding him capable and efficient, gave him a good position in the office. This gave him a start. From the postoffice he went into the store of Noyes Brothers & Cutler, wholesale druggists of St. Paul, as book-keeper, remaining with them eight years. His health failing, he gave up this position, and opened a general store at Glencoe, Minnesota. This, however, did not prove a great success; and, disposing of it, he came to Milwaukee in 1877, and embarked in the insurance business, as agent for the Home Life company of New York. Abandoning this, he took the position of book-keeper for E. R. Pantke & Co. This and other similar positions he held until 1887, when he associated himself with A. E. Smith, under the firm name of A. E. Smith & Co., as state agents for the Fidelity and Casualty company of New York. In December, 1892, he bought out Mr. Smith's interest, and in June of the following year he took into partnership with him A. R. Coates, and the firm name is now Meyst & Coates. This is the business record of one having the qualifications and the will to succeed, a perseverance and courage to rise superior to all obstacles, and a readiness to do any honorable work until success is achieved. Such qualifications rarely fail to produce their legitimate fruit, honors and financial independence.

Mr. Meyst has been a Republican ever since he came to this country. He represented the Seventeenth ward in the board of school commissioners for seven years, and was a very intelligent and efficient member. Among the measures he advocated while a member was the reducing of the manner of pupils to a teacher, thus relieving them of the strain to which they are constantly subjected, and enabling them to do better and more comprehensive work. This measure was in part adopted, and the teachers and principals showed their appreciation of Mr. Meyst's efforts in behalf of the best interests of the schools by presenting him with a bust of Abraham Lincoln.

In 1895 Mr. Meyst was elected president of the Wisconsin School Board association. He is also a member of the National Union and the Royal Arcanum, in which he served as guide, vice-regent, regent for two years, and was connected with the grand council. He has been a member of the Hanover Street Congregational church since 1880, is one of its deacons, a member of its board of trustee, and most of the time that he has been connected with the church he has been superintendent of its Sunday school. In December, 1896, he was elected president of the Milwaukee County Sunday School Teachers' association.

His family consists of a wife and seven children--four boys and three girls.

As an insurance agent Mr. Meyst has been very successful. When he became connected with the Fidelity and Casualty company of New York it had just entered the State of Wisconsin, and had but little business; but, in a few years, by persistent efforts, he became the banner agent of the company, and has maintained that pre-eminence for the last seven years. In 1892 the premium income of his office amounted to something over one hundred thousand dollars. The crisis of 1893 reduced this amount somewhat, but it is still large, and is likely to be greatly increased as the volume of the business of the country increases.

MILBRATH, Charles W., city treasurer, is a thorough Milwaukeean, having been born in the city in 1848, and having spent his whole life within its limits. He received his education in the Milwaukee public schools, where he doubtless gained not only the knowledge which fitted him for the intelligent discharge of the duties of his very responsible office, but where he imbibed the principles that make him a courteous and popular official. Upon leaving school he entered the real estate office of Rogers & Becher, as clerk, and there remained for a number of years, gaining a thorough knowledge of that business, and of business methods generally; so when he came, in 1872, to take up the business for himself, he was prepared to enter upon it with intelligence and with fair prospects of success, which have been fully realized in the intervening years. The business is now conducted under the firm name of the C. W. Milbrath company, of which he is president.

Mr. Milbrath has been identified with the Republican party for many years, and has served it long and well, from a sense of duty rather than from a lively sense of honors and profit to come therefrom. He has served the Twelfth ward in the city council two terms, the first from 1875 to 1878, and again from 1884 to 1887, and during that service gained a reputation for ability and a conscientious discharge of the duties of the position. Nothing was heard of him as one who was looking out for opportunities for promoting his individual interests at public expense, or the neglect of public interests. In 1892 he was elected to the assembly from the Eighth ward, and was instrumental in securing the passage of the bill relating to street improvements in the city of Milwaukee, which opened the way for the construction of better and more durable pavements, something which the city has long needed, and for the lack of which it has suffered great inconvenience, and a loss in public estimation.

In 1894 Mr. Milbrath received the Republican nomination for city treasurer by acclamation, and was elected by a very large majority. In the spring of 1896 he was nominated for re-election, and this time also without opposition, and he is now serving his second term. He was elected by the largest plurality received by any one on the ticket. Testimonials such as these to a man's ability and integrity in the discharge of official duties are not often received, and are the best evidence which any one can have that he is approved by the people, whose servant be is, and whose interests he has had in charge.

MILLER, Benjamin K., lawyer, was born at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, May 6, 1830. Nine years later his parents moved to Milwaukee, where Mr. Miller has since resided. For two years, from 1846 to 1848, he studied at Washington College, Pennsylvania, preparatory to entering upon the study of law. He studied law with his father, the Hon. Andrew G. Miller, who was judge of the United States court from 1838 until his resignation in 1873. He was admitted to practice in 1851, and on the first day of January entered the law firm of Finch & Lynde with Henry M. Finch. The firm at that time consisted of Asahel Finch and William P. Lynde, and upon the addition of the two new members the firm name became Finches, Lynde & Miller. This firm continued unchanged until the decease of Mr. Miller's partners. In 1885 his sons, Messrs, Benjamin K. Miller, Jr., and George P. Miller, were admitted to the firm, and in 1890 the Hon. George H. Noyes, upon his resignation as judge of the superior court, became associated with the Messrs, Miller. The firm name was then changed to Miller, Noyes & Miller, and so stood, occupying the reputation of one of the leading law firms of the west, until 1895, when George H. Wahl was admitted, and the firm became Miller, Noyes, Miller & Wahl. For some years past, Mr. Miller has given his time almost wholly as counsel for corporations and estates. Of this branch of the law Mr. Miller stands as the recognized leader of the profession in Milwaukee. He serves as director in many large and prominent corporations, both abroad and at home, among them being the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance company, the First National Bank of Milwaukee, the Milwaukee Gas Light company and the Wisconsin Telephone company. Mr. Miller holds no publicoffice of his own choice, but he has always been closely identified with every public improvement and everything, of any nature, tending to develop and enlarge the city's importance is sure to command his free and hearty support. He has taken an important part in the erection and maintenance of many of the city's important institutions, notable among them being the Milwaukee club, the Hotel Pfister and St. Paul's Episcopal church, of which he is a staunch and devoted member. He is still actively engaged in practice, and it is but a short time since that his fellow members of the bar attested their respect and admiration for him and his many sterling qualities by procuring and presenting, unknown to him, a marble bust that now occupies, and is destined to occupy for all time, a prominent place in the Milwaukee Law Library, to which he has ever been a generous contributor, his latest gift being a donation of $5,000 to purchase needed additions to the library and which he has unselfishly presented as the contribution of Finches, Lynde & Miller. A leader in his profession and a pioneer in the practice in Milwaukee, he is universally respected and esteemed. He has ever taken considerable interest in social affairs, and as an citizen there are none more public-spirited or more devoted to the general good of all people.

MILLER, Frederick, who was one of Milwaukee's prominent brewers, was born in Reidlingen, Würtemberg, November 24th, 1824. His father, Thaddeus Miller, was a merchant and a representative of a German family that for four hundred years had been prominent in the mercantile class and noted for their wealth and education. He had been a man of large means, much of which he had inherited form his parents. By speculation in coffee, tea and woolen goods, based upon Napoleon's success or defeat, he lost most of his fortune. His estate was valued at from $75,000 to $100,000 when he died. Louise Miller, Frederick's mother, was of German nationality and a woman of strong character. Frederick was educated in Germany until he was fourteen years of age, when he went to France and studied there seven years, acquiring a speaking knowledge of the English, French and Latin languages. After completing his studies he made a tour of France, Algiers, Africa, Italy and Switzerland. He had intended to take up the family occupation of merchant, but on his way home he stopped for a vacation with an uncle who was a brewer, and took such a liking for the business that he determined to enter it himself. He, therefore, became a student of the business with his uncle; and after thoroughly learning it in all its departments, he traveled through parts of Germany for study and observation with especial reference to the occupation which he proposed to follow. He finally leased the Royal brewery at Siegmaringen, Hohenzollern, Germany, and operated it for a time. This did not, however, fill his ambition; and, in 1854, he sold out his lease and sailed for New York; stopping with friends for a year, and making excursions to and through different parts of the country by lake and river steamers, an finally decided to settle in Wisconsin, as most resembling his native land. Coming to Wisconsin in 1855, he located where the brewery now stands, buying the plant that had been established there by Best & Brothers for $8,000 cash.

Mr. Miller was married to Elizabeth Gross in 1860, and five children were born of this marriage, Earnest G., Fred. A., Clara A., wife of Charles A. Miller of the Milwaukee Lumber company, Emil P. and Elise K. Miller.

Mr. Miller did June 11th, 1888, at the age of sixty-three years and six months.

MILLER, Wilmot Frederic, M.D., modest and unassuming though he be, is one of the most accomplished of the younger members of the medical profession in Milwaukee, while his popularity as a citizen is limited only by his acquaintance. He is a native of Pennsylvania,having been born in Tamaqua, Schuylkill county, on the 6th of July, 1861. His father, Charles F. Miller, is of English descent, and his mother, Sarah A., nee Swoyer, is of German lineage. Like many another man who has attained to prominence in professional or public life, young Miller began his education in the public schools, and doubtless had implemented there the germs of a worthy ambition. Having completed his preparatory education, he began the study of medicine, and later he entered the department of medicine and surgery in the University of Michigan, from which, after completing the thorough and comprehensive course there required, he graduated in June, 1887. In November of the same year he came to Milwaukee, and began the practice of his profession. Of fine presence and courteous in his manner, he rapidly made his way into public favor, and built up a large and lucrative practice. Dr. Miller is somewhat averse to speaking of his professional acquirements and work as a practitioner, but it is known that his standing in his profession is of the best, and that he is a thorough student, keeping up with what is new and most effective in practice, and testing, as far as possible, the most approved theories in regard to the nature and treatment of diseases.

But this is not all. While in no sense neglecting his profession, he has found time to devote to Masonry, of which he is a high official and an ardent advocate. Dr. Miller's connection with Masonry began when a student in the University of Michigan, and he is the first student upon whom the orders of knighthood were conferred by the Ann Arbor commandery. Upon coming to Milwaukee, he at once assumed a prominent position in Masonic circles, and joined Independence Lodge, No. 80; Wisconsin Chapter, No. 7, and Wisconsin Commandery, No. 1. He is a working member of the Wisconsin consistory, Ancient, Accepted Scottish Rite, and a member of Tripoli Temple of the Mystic Shrine. He is now commander of Wisconsin Commandery, No. 1, and in this office succeeds to the seat once occupied by such eminent Templars as H. L. Palmer, and the late A. V. II. Carpenter, and such able members of the order as Geo. H. Benzenberg, E. S. Elliot and A. H. Wagner. In his present position he has ben indefatigable in his labors for the erection and equipment of the new building for the commandery; and to him more than to any one man is due the credit of the completion of the beautiful structure an ornament to the city, and one of the most convenient and admirable Masonic buildings in the northwest. While the enterprise was in contemplation there were not wanting those who predicted that it would not prove a paying investment for the commandery, but it is now entirely occupied by acceptable tenants; and this financial success is an evidence of the enterprise and business sagacity of Commander Miller, who was easily the leader of the Templars in this work.

Dr. Miller is Republican in his political views; and, while not offensive in any manner, his votes and influence are given to its tickets and to the promotion of its principles, and the adoption of its policy. He is a member of the Calumet Club, of the Wisconsin Medical society, and the college fraternity Nu Sigma Nu.

He was married on the 8th of October, 1888, to Anna B. Scherer of Tamaqua, Pennsylvania, and the children of this marriage are W. Paul and Anita Miller. 

MILLS, Thomas Brooks, of West Superior, who is not yet forty years of age, is a successful business man and has filled a prominent place in Wisconsin politics. His father, Hugh Brooks Mills, came to Wisconsin some fifty years ago, and was a successful lumberman. His mother's maiden name was Mary Rogers. Both parents were of Scotch descent, their ancestors coming from the northern part of Scotland near Kortwright.

T. B. Mills was born on the 12th of October, 1857, in the town of Manchester, Jackson county, Wisconsin. He lived on a farm until he was sixteen years of age, receiving his primary education at the common school. He then learned telegraphy and railroad work, which he followed until he reached his majority, when he took the scientific course in the famous academy of Col. John G McMynn, at Racine, graduating in 1881. Since that time he has been engaged in lumbering and dealing in pine lands. He early took an active part in public affairs, was chosen chairman of the town board in 1882, and held the office for six years; was four times chairman or the county board of supervisors, and, in 1884, was elected member of the assembly from Jackson county, and re-elected in 1886, and again in 1888. For the session of 1887 he was elected speaker, though but twenty-nine years of age. He was re-elected speaker for the next session--that of 1889. Though young and with limited experience in legislative matters, he made a capable and efficient speaker, one who readily grasped the intricacies of parliamentary rules and the various phases of public business. In 1894 he was elected to the senate from the Eleventh district, composed of the counties of Ashland, Bayfield, Burnett, Douglas, Iron, Sawyer and Washburn.

Mr. Mills is a Republican in his political affiliations--says he "was born that way." He has been a working member of the party for years, and an effective, but not an "offensive" one. He is a member of the Superior Commercial club, and the Superior Boat club. He is unmarried.

MINOR, Edward S., representative in congress from the Eighth district of Wisconsin, resides in Sturgeon Bay. His father, Martin Minor, as ship calker, and his mother was Abigail J. St. Ores. His paternal ancestors are traceable back to the leading of the Pilgrims; and the Minors have held high positions in various states, notably Connecticut, New York, Virginia and Louisiana.

Edward S. Minor was born in Jefferson county, New York, in 1840, and received a good common school and academic education in Wisconsin, to which he came with his parents in 1845. The family first settled in the town of Greenfield, Milwaukee county, subsequently living in the city of Milwaukee for two years, whence they removed to a farm in Sheboygan county. In 1857 he went to Door county, and, in 1861, enlisted in Company G, Second Wisconsin volunteer calvary, and participated in all the raids, expeditions, engagements and battles in which that regiment took part during the war. He was promoted during his service to corporal, to sergeant, to second lieutenant, to first lieutenant, and was holding the last named rank when mustered out with his regiment in December, 1865. Upon his return home after the war he engaged in mercantile business in Door county, and continued in it until the spring of 1884, when he was appointed superintendent of the Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan ship canal. This position he held for seven years. He holds a license as a master of steam vessels, and for about ten years was interested in marine property, but after his election to congress, and before entering on his duties as a representative, he disposed of all his marine interests.

Mr. Minor has long been a very active Republican in politics, and has held numerous local offices, among which is that of mayor of Sturgeon Bay. He was elected to the assembly of Wisconsin in 1878, and re-elected in 1880 and 1881. He was elected to the state senate in 1883 and in 1885, and was president pro tempore of that body during the last session. He was also member of the Wisconsin fish commission for four years. He was elected to the Fifty-fourth congress from the Eighth district, receiving 19,902 votes, against 15,522 for Lyman E. Barnes, Democrat, 330 for A. J. Larrabee, People's party, and 949 for John Faville, Prohibition. He was re-elected to the Fifty-fifth congress, receiving 26,471 votes, against 16,845 for Geo. W. Cate, Democrat, and 580 for John W. Evans, Prohibitionist.

In 1867 he was married to Tillie E. Graham, and six children have been born to them, namely: Stanton, Byron, Sybil, Maud, Ula and Ethel.

As a member of congress, Mr. Minor has shown that ability, energy and good judgment in the performance of his official duties which have always characterized him in all the places of responsibility to which he has been assigned. In the first session of the Fifty-fourth congress he became interested in a measure relating to the coast pilots. He dissented from the majority report of the committee on merchant marine and fisheries, and the contest was carried to the floor of the house, where Mr. Minor made a vigorous and exhaustive speech against the bill, and the measure was discussed for two days, when it was defeated by a vote of more than two to one. So pleased were the coast pilots with Mr. Minor's vigorous and effective action in their behalf that, at the meeting of their association in Charleston, South Carolina, soon after, they adopted and sent him resolutions expressing most hearty appreciation of his labors and giving him the credit for the defeat of the bill. He has been especially active in relation to other measures of various kinds, and it may be truly said that his action has always been found to be on the right side and in the interest of his constituents.

MITCHELL, Andrew Stuart, prominent as an analytical chemist. was born in Milwaukee on the 2nd of December, 1864, and is the son of T. L., and the grandson of John S. Mitchell, who kept the old Eastern hotel near the first steamboat piers at Milwaukee, and who is still living and may be seen daily in the Chamber of Commerce, an interested spectator, if not an active participant, in its traffic. Mr. Mitchell's mother, Myra D., was the daughter of Andrew Mitchell, who came to Milwaukee from New Hampshire, at an early day, and settled on the south side.

Mr. Mitchell was educated in the public schools of the city, the East Side high school and the University of Michigan. He began business as a druggist, but afterward entered the university as a student of chemistry, for which he had a special taste, and with the purpose of making its application to industries a leading feature of his business. While a student, in 1887, he acted as assistant in general chemistry in the medical department of the university, thus gaining a practical knowledge of the science which he has since found of great value in the work which he has made a profession, and in which he is steadily gaining a well-earned distinction. Returning from the university at the time when the mining excitement was at its height, he found a great demand for the services of those who understood both the science and the art of analytical chemistry; and, as this branch had been the subject of his special study, he determined to make it his profession, especially as the circumstances were unusually favorable for it, and he had received much encouragement from friends to enter upon the work. Not long after this, Prof. Rogers, who had for years been in charge of the department of physics and chemistry in the Milwaukee high school, was promoted to the position of principal of the school, and Mr. Mitchell was placed in charge of the department thus vacated. He also did the chemical work for the city health department when Dr. Martin was health officer. Soon after Gov. Upham entered upon the duties of his office, Mr. Mitchell was appointed chemist to the diary and food commission, and that position he still holds. He is now, and has been since it was opened, professor of chemistry in the Milwaukee Medical College.

Mr. Mitchell is a member of the American Chemical society, Society of Official Agricultural Chemists, American Public Health association, Wisconsin Polytechnic society, and the Wisconsin Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Mrs. Mitchell was Margaret E. Cheyne, daughter of Capt. J. G. Cheyne of Milwaukee.

Mr. Mitchell is a close student of his profession, and his work has been such as to give him a very prominent place in the ranks of practical chemists. He is, moreover, an ardent Republican, and has done effective campaign work for the party.

MITCHELL, John Lendrum, United States senator, was born in the city of Milwaukee, October 19, 1842. His parents were Alexander and Martha Mitchell, and he was the only child of three to survive, the others dying in infancy. His father, Hon. Alexander Mitchell, was a native of Scotland, and his mother came from Vermont. The present senator therefore acquired from his parents the strength of character, self-reliance and progressive spirit which comes from the Scottish Highlands and the granite-bound hills of New England. The peculiar characteristics which distinguished the father were largely inherited by the son, and, although differently employed, have made for the latter the record of a useful public and private life. He acquired the rudiments of an education in the Milwaukee public schools, followed by a course in a military school in Hampton, Conn. He was then sent abroad and studied in Dresden, Munich and Genoa. Upon the breaking out of the rebellion he returned home, and at the age of 19 entered the military service as second lieutenant of Company I, Twenty-fourth Wisconsin Volunteer infantry. He was promoted to be first lieutenant January 17, 1863, and transferred to Company E of the same regiment. In June, 1863, he was detailed for service on the brigade staff of Gen. Rousseau; participated in the battles and engagements of his regiment, including Perryville, Murfreesboro, Hoovers Gap and the campaigns about Chattanooga. Threatened with loss of eyesight and on surgeon's certificate of disability, he resigned his commission, which was accepted. His services in defense of the Union have been officially acknowledged by the War Department as efficient, faithful and brave, and the anxiety of parents for the safety of an only child did not avail against a patriotic duty until he was disabled for further service.

In 1872 Mr. Mitchell made his first venture into politics, and was elected as a Democrat to the state senate of Wisconsin. He was again elected in 1875, serving altogether four years. He was elected president of the Milwaukee School Board for two years--1884-5; president of the Wisconsin State Agricultural society and president of the Northwestern Trotting Horse Breeders' association. In these latter positions Mr. Mitchell took great interest and delight. Possessing one of the
finest farms in Wisconsin and a large and carefully selected library of good books, Mr. Mitchell finds his chief delight in reading and in the care of his 440 acres. He therefore took great interest in the work of the school board, and in promoting the success of state fairs. His splendid farm is well stocked with high-bred animals of all kinds, and as a judge of fine stock he is a recognized authority. His service on the school board made him thoroughly acquainted with the educational needs of his native city, especially among the poor; and, beginning in 1887, a standing order was given the superintendent of schools that school books would be furnished by Mr. Mitchell to every child in Milwaukee whose parents were unable to supply them. An ardent lover of agriculture and of a rural life, Mr. Mitchell undertook to revive interest in the farmer's calling, and established at the state university a short course in agriculture, at the same time offering twenty scholarships to poor boys. This beneficent offer accomplished the purpose desired, and was continued from year to year, until there are now more than 200 boys taking the "short course" at the university.

In 1886, by joint resolution of congress, Mr. Mitchell was appointed a member of the board of managers of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, reappointed in 1892, and elected vice-president of the board in 1895. As such he has had immediate charge of the Northwestern Branch near Milwaukee, with 2,500 inmates, in addition to a share of the responsibilities in the management of six other branches. In 1890 he was elected a representative in congress from the Fourth district, by a majority of 7,000 over his Republican opponent, and was re-elected in 1892. While serving his first term in the house representatives he was chosen chairman of the Democratic congressional committee, which conducted the campaign of 1892, resulting in a Democratic majority in both branches of congress. He was the Wisconsin representative on the National Democratic committee four years, and also treasurer of the Democratic state central committee of Wisconsin.

In 1893 Mr. Mitchell was elected to the Senate of the United States, succeeding Philetus Sawyer. The contest for the Democratic nomination was a protracted one and stubbornly contested, there being three candidates--E. S. Bragg, J. H. Knight and Mr. Mitchell. The latter had the largest following as "second choice" in addition to his own band of unyielding adherents, and after a memorable campaign finally won out. As a member of either house of congress Mr. Mitchell has won the respect and esteem of associates. His military training and the legislative needs of the soldiers' homes, as well as a large soldier constituency, not only secured him places on the military and pensions committees, but provided him with an abundance of work. He makes no stump speeches, but attends to his legislative work, in committee and otherwise, with fidelity and with a fixed determination to do what he believes is right. He supported the imposition of an income tax against the influence of associates in business and opposed the free coinage of silver in opposition to the platform of associates in politics. A great reader and student of public questions, and with quick and accurate perceptions, he is prepared to pass upon legislative matters as they arise, and his opinions pass at par with his associates in the senate.

Upon the death of his father Mr. Mitchell succeeded to the interests of the former in various important trusts and business enterprises, chief of which are the Wisconsin Marine & Fire Insurance Company Bank and the Northwestern National Insurance company. He is also trustee, director or patron of public institutions, such as the Layton Art Gallery, Milwaukee College, Milwaukee Hospital, etc.; is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic, the Wisconsin Commandery of the Loyal Legion and the Society of the Army of the Cumberland. He was married in 1878 to Harriet Danforth Becker, a lady of many graces of character and rare intellectual attainments, who is prominently identified with the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. They have seven children. The eldest, Willie, is attending Columbia College; the second child, Martha, is in an academy for young ladies near Washington. The others are Janet, Harriet, Ruth, Catherine and John L., Jr. One child, born abroad, died in infancy, and is buried in Florence.

MOE, Ernest Stiles, one of the younger lawyers of Milwaukee, is the son of Stiles Moe, a prosperous merchant of Union Grove, Wisconsin. His mother was Grace Victoria, nee Mather, who was born on the day that Queen Victoria was crowned, and was named for her.

The family name is properly DeMoe, and the family is of French origin of the paternal side. Two brothers DeMoe emigrated from France to the state of New York, settling near Plattsburg about 1750. Edwin Moe, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born at Plattsburg in 1804, and witnessed from his father's house the naval battle on Lake Champlain, fought during the war with Great Britain in 1812-14. He often told the story of the battle to his grandson and others. He died some three years ago at the age of ninety years. Mr. Moe's paternal ancestors fought both in the revolution and in the war of 1812. Representatives of the family removed from Plattsburg to Cayuga county, New York, where their descendants may still be found. Mr. Moe's great-grandfather, about 1820, settled in Lorain county, Ohio, and there the family name is still heard. Ernest Moe's father was born near Avon, Lorain county, in 1834, and when but ten years old drove one of his father's teams from Lorain county to Racine county, Wisconsin, in which the family settled on a farm near what is now the village of Union Grove.

Ernest Moe's grandmother, whose family name was Case, was a direct descendant of Pilgrim stock, tracing her ancestors to those who came in the Mayflower. The Case family resided in Litchfield, Connecticut, prior to the revolutionary war, and members of the family were soldiers in that struggle for liberty. They were originally of mixed English and German blood. Mr. Moe's mother was born in Quebec, and is of English descent. His maternal grandfather was born near Bolton, England, where his family, named Mather, had lived for generations, numbering among its sons Cotton and Increase Mather, famous in the early history of the New England colonies. His grandfather, James Mather, was one of the early settlers of this state, coming to Racine county about 1840. He was a farmer, hotel-keeper and produce buyer. His maternal grandmother was one of the well-known and wealthy Pennington family, from the vicinity of Liverpool, of which city his grandmother's brother, Dr. Thomas Pennington, was once mayor. Dr. Pennington was a physician of great wealth, ability and influence. The family is still represented in Liverpool and other English cities by a younger generation, of which the men are mostly of the learned professions.

Ernest S. Moe was born at Union Grove, Racine county, Wisconsin, on the 26th of August, 1860. His primary education was received at the village school of Union Grove, which was one of the leading schools of the county; and, by reason of the excellence and ability of its teachers, exerted a far-reaching influence for good upon its pupils, not a few of whom are among the leading men and women of the state. Mr. Moe left the school at the age of thirteen, and received from the county superintendent a third grade certificate, entitling him to teach, barring his age. When seventeen he entered the freshman class in the scientific course in the University of Wisconsin. After a few weeks he decided to change his course from scientific to classical, notwithstanding it would take two years longer to complete it, by reason of the more extended preparation required. While a student he was a member of the Athenean Literary society, the Greek letter fraternity of the Phi Kappa Psi; was on the staff of the college paper for three years, and managing editor of the first weekly college paper established in the western colleges. He was elected junior orator by the Athenean society as its representative, but did not compete for the prize. He was interested in college athletics, and was a member of the first ball team sent out by the university to compete with other college teams. He graduated with the class of 1883, and was selected by the faculty as one of the commencement orators of the class. He was presiding officer of his fraternity during his senior year, and secretary of the Athletic association for two years.

During the years between his leaving the village school and entering the university, he was a clerk in his father's store, and this was his first experience in money earning; but the practical knowledge thus gained he considers of more value than the money earned.

Immediately after graduation from the university he entered the law office of W. C. Williams, in Milwaukee, as a student of law, and, after a year of hard study, he passed the examination and was admitted to the bar in October, 1884. He continued in the office of Mr. Williams for some time after he entered upon his second term as district attorney, and, in the spring of 1886, he opened an office for himself, and has been in continuous practice since. He became local attorney for the Northwestern Collection Agency in 1887, and the next year one of its owners, and its resident general attorney. Most of his time for ten years has been given to the rapidly increasing professional work of this organization. He had for a short time Rublee A. Cole for partner; and, in 1896, he formed a partnership with Otto R. Hansen, under the firm name of Moe & Hansen, which still exists. 

The firm is the general counsel for the Northwestern Collection Agency, and is engaged in general practice as well, representing large commercial interests.

Mr. Moe is a Republican, but not to the exclusion of individual judgment in political action. He takes a keen interest in local politics, and has been chairman of his ward committee for several years. He is a member of various clubs and societies, is a Knight of Pythias, belongs to the Elks, Royal league, Commercial club, Psi Upsilon Alumni association, and the Milwaukee and State Bar associations. He is not a member of any church, but affiliates with the Grand Avenue Congregational church.

He was married on the 30th of June, 1891, to Miss Isabella Williams of Paris, Kenosha county, and they have one child, Margaret.

Mrs. Moe's parents are natives of Wales, but came to this country when quite young. Mr. Lewis Williams came to Kenosha county about 1838, owns a farm there of 1,600 acres, and is an extensive stock raiser. He is widely known in Southern Wisconsin for his uprightness and strength of character.

MOESKES, Gerhard Tillman, a resident of Appleton, and county judge of Outagamie county, is one of the most conspicuous examples of the "self-made" man of which this volume gives account. He was born on the 18th of January, 1846, at Boenning, near Fort Wesel, in the Rhine province, Prussia. His father, Herman Moeskes, was born of well-to-do parents, near Venlo, Holland; but, becoming an orphan at the age of nine years, drifted into Germany. His education was neglected, and he grew up on a farm as a common laborer, reaching the height of his ambition upon being installed as coachman and hunter of Count Van Loe in the Rhine province, Prussia. From this place he emigrated with his family to the United States in 1860, settling in Manitowoc, Wis., where he died April 28th, 1894. An uncle of his, William Weyers, was a member of the Holland cabinet and quite wealthy. His wife, the mother of Judge Moeskes, was Maria K. Geeren, whose relatives were in good circumstances. She died in Manitowoc, September 10th, 1866.

G. T. Moeskes attended a common school in his native Prussia from the age of seven years to fourteen, attendance being compulsory, eight hours a day, with only one month's vacation during the year. He was taught by one and the same teacher during the entire period of his attendance. This teacher, Carl Enkling, is still living, but recently pensioned. Judge Moeskes has always held him in high esteem and frequently corresponds with him now, ascribing to him the benefits of his own early training and his ability for successful work. This youth supplemented his Prussian education, upon arriving in this country, by taking lessons in the English language evenings from a hired domestic, and from a school teacher who boarded with the family for whom he worked on a farm near Ripon. Boy though he was when he reached this country, and in poor circumstances, he began work at whatever he could find to do--on farms and in mills--and in this way earned the means to pay for a home for his parents. At the age of twenty, he started out for himself, by learning the carpenter's trade, serving an apprenticeship of five weeks, at fifty cents a day. After this he went to Fond du Lac, where he obtained work at two dollars and a half per day. There he continued to work until his mother's death, when, at his father's request, he returned home to Manitowoc, where he obtaind work in a ship yard at two dollars and a half per day, while old carpenters, alongside of whom he worked, received but one dollar and seventy-five cents per day--the difference being due to young Moeskes' superior skill and capacity for work. He continued at this business until he was placed in charge of a crew of men to repair or rebuild a dredge for John Schuette. Having acquired a good, practical knowledge of the English language, he gave up his trade, and, in 1868, became an insurance agent, and continued in the business until 1874, when, upon returning from a four weeks' trip in Marathon county, he found himself elected justice of the peace. During his two years' occupancy of the office he tried over six hundred cases. In the spring of 1876 he began the study of law in the office of Collins & Pierce, and in the fall of that year was elected clerk of the circuit court, an office which he filled with characteristic ability and fidelity for eight consecutive years, during which time he steadily pursued the study of law as opportunity offered, and was admitted to the bar in 1884. At the expiration of his term as clerk of the court, he commenced the practice of law in Appleton, having as partner Humphrey Pierce, and in this was quite successful. At the end of five years, or in 1889, he was elected county judge of Outagamie county, and this office he has held continuously since, having been re-elected in April, 1897, as a Democrat, by nearly 1,500 majority in a county that gave nearly 1,500 Republican majority in 1896.

When Judge Moeskes has taken any part in politics, it has been in affiliation with the Democratic party. In connection with Lieutenant-Governor Baench he called the first meeting of county judges, and was one of a committee of three that formulated the present county court rules. He has been a member of the board of aldermen of the city; director of the Citizens' National bank of Appleton, and director of the Prescott hospital. He is a Catholic in religion. While he was a member of the St. Joseph's Benevolent society, he held continuously the office of secretary, was delegate to the biennial meeting of the Central society at Philadelphia in 1876, and finally president. He was also president, continuously, for ten years, of Branch No. 6, C. K. W., and finally refused re-election. He was a delegate to the state council, chairman of the reserve fund commission appointed by the state council, and inaugurated the present reserve fund provision.

On the 12th of October, 1869, Judge Moeskes was married to Maria P. Kamps of Appleton, the youngest of thirteen children. Her father was a native of the same village in Prussia as Judge Moeskes, and a tanner by trade. To Judge and Mrs. Moeskes were born seven children, four of whom are dead--two in infancy, Agnes, in 1892, at the age of twenty-one, and William, a promising lad of sixteen, in 1893. The surviving children are Mrs. Edward Sacksteder, whose husband is of the drug firm of Kamps & Sacksteder; Herman E., a stenographer, and Eliza C., who is at present the official stenographer of the county court. Mrs. Moeskes died August 14th, 1894. The judge was remarried August 27th, 1895, to Eliza Peters of Manitowoc.

MONAHAN, James Gideon, was born on a farm in the town of Willow Springs, four miles north of Darlington, La Fayette county, Wisconsin, January 12th, 1855. His father, Joseph Monahan, was born in Franklin county, Pennsylvania, in 1822, the youngest son of John Monahan, who came from county Monaghan, Ireland, in 1798, he being the son of William Monahan, whose wife was Miss Mary Murdock, a daughter of John Murdock, who taught Robert Burns to read and write. John Monahan settled in Pennsylvania and married Elizabeth Stitt, the daughter of a German father and a Scotch mother. The fruit of this union was a family of five sons and three daughters. The Monahan family left Pennsylvania in 1839, and moved first to Kentucky, thence to Indiana, thence to Illinois, and reached the lead regions of Wisconsin in 1843. They purchased land and began to follow agriculture, which, as a rule, was the life occupation of all the brothers. In 1852 Joseph Monahan was united in marriage to Miss Nancy, the eldest daughter of Elias and Elizabeth Pilling, who had come from England to Wisconsin in 1830. Mrs. Pilling, assisted by Mrs. Lucy Ray, organized and conducted, in a log school-house in Willow Springs, the first Methodist Sunday school ever held in the then territory of Wisconsin. There were born to Joseph Monahan and his wife a family of six children, two of whom died in infancy, and one daughter died after reaching the years of womanhood. The children now living are Mrs. Retta Cone of Darlington, Wis., Miss Olive Otis of Denver, Colorado, and the subject of this sketch. Mr. Monahan's father died in Darlington, in September, 1887. His mother still resides there.

Mr. Monahan's boyhood life differed but little from that of other boys of that section of the state. He attended the district school in the winter, and worked on the farm in the summer until he was nineteen years old, when he entered the Darlington high school, and completed the course of study in two years. He then entered the office of the late H. S. Magoon and began the study of law, teaching school in the winter and reading law in the summer, and was admitted to the bar in December, 1878. Soon after this he formed a partnership with the late Moses M. Strong, and for a year lived at Mineral Point. In the summer of 1880 he returned to his old home at Darlington; and, soon after, a vacancy occurring in the office of district attorney, he was appointed by Governor Smith to fill the vacancy. In the following November he was elected for a full term, and in 1882 was re-elected, being one of two Republicans that in La Fayette county out-rode the Democratic cyclone of that year. In May, 1883, Darlington was visited by a disastrous fire, and among the property destroyed was the plant of The Darlington Republican. Some trouble being found in starting the paper again, Mr. Monahan was induced by some of the party leaders to buy a half interest in it, and for two years he was associated with Ed. H. Bintliff in its publication, under the firm name of Bintliff & Monahan. In 1885 Mr. Monahan purchased Mr. Bintliff's interest, and since that time he has been the sole proprietor of this old Republican landmark in southwestern Wisconsin.

On September 14th, 1886, Mr. Monahan was united in marriage to Miss Helen, daughter of the late Captain L. B. Waddington. They have one son, Homer W., who was born October 4th, 1889. They have a handsome residence on Keep street, and in that home love, peace and happiness reign supreme.

Mr. Monahan became a Mason when twenty-two years of age, joining Evening Star Lodge, No. 64, at Darlington, and is now serving his sixth year as W. M. of this lodge. At the session of the grand lodge, held at Milwaukee in June, 1897, he was elected deputy grand master of the state. He is also a member of Darlington Chapter, No. 50, R. A. M., Wymodaughsis Chapter, No. 93, O. E. S., Knights of Pythias, Knights of the Globe and Modern Woodmen.

In politics he is a Republican, and has always been a active in advancing the interest of his party. He was a member of the Republican state central committee from 1884 to 1888; was a delegate to the national Republican convention in 1888, and has attended every Republican state convention for the past fifteen years. Since 1884 there has never been a campaign that he has not been called upon to take the stump, and his party has never asked his services in vain. As a campaign orator he has but few equals. At the Republican state convention, held in Milwaukee in July, 1896, a great ratification meeting was held at the Exposition building, under the auspices of the Republican Editorial League of Wisconsin. Mr. Monahan presided at this meeting, and on taking the chair made a speech that not only aroused the enthusiasm of the ten thousand people present, but electrified the country. The speech was copied in all the leading Republican papers, and the orator was flooded with congratulatory letters from all parts of the nation. At a meeting of the Wisconsin Republican Editorial league held the morning after this ratification, he was unanimously elected president. During the campaign of 1896, under the auspices of the national committee, he was on the stump for seven weeks, speaking in Illinois, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa and Minnesota, returning to Wisconsin for the last week in the campaign.

He possesses a cheerful disposition, and bears an unblemished record for honesty and truth. He even clings tenaciously to the old adage that a man can be honest in politics as well as in business. He is not a member of any religious organization, but, with his family, attends the Congregational church.

In 1894 he was a candidate for governor, and received the united support of the First congressional district, but was defeated for the nomination by Wm. H. Upham.

He is a Republican, but has not mingled much in politics. He served two terms as mayor of Beaver Dam, and twice as alderman.

Mr. Rowell has done much toward the industrial development of the state, is a generour, public-spirited man, and highly respected by the men in his employ, which is one of the highest tributes that can be paid a man.

MORGAN, Win J., a young man who has gained an enviable reputation as one of the most enterprising real estate dealers in Milwaukee, is the son of James A. Morgan, a native of Dungarvan, Ireland, where he was born on the 27th of February, 1830. He received a thorough collegiate education, and came to Wisconsin in 1850. He was a resident of Madison for three years, and then purchased a farm in the township of Rutland, some fourteen miles from Madison, where he made his home for two years, removing to Milwaukee in 1855. Win J. Morgan's mother was Augusta E. Cromwell before marriage, the daughter of Dr. James F. Cromwell, and a native of New York City. She was highly educated, spending some ten years in Paris in the study of music and the French language.

After the family came to Milwaukee, Mr. Morgan engaged in fresco and ornamental paper work for several years, and when the civil war came he enlisted in a New York regiment and saw considerable service. He died in Milwaukee in 1869.

Win J. Morgan was born in Milwaukee, October 22nd, 1862, and was educated principally in the public schools of the city. The last six months of schooling was received in Sparta, Wisconsin. When a mere boy he manifested a taste and a capacity for business which were quite remarkable. At nine years of age he began business as a newsboy, and continued it for some years, making it fairly successful. When twelve years old he enlarged his business enterprise by adding to his news agency the driving of a grocery delivery wagon. His ambition then was to have a grocery store of his own. Saving every penny that he could, he realized his ambition by starting a store with his brother George, at the corner of Cedar and Eighteenth streets. At the end of a year he purchased the interest of his brother, and became sole proprietor. He continued the business for two years longer, meantime taking lessons in book-keeping and penmanship under a private tutor, in the evening, and rapidly becoming an adept in both. In 1881 he sold his store, and took the position of assistant book-keeper in the wholesale crockery store of Blair & Persons. He was soon promoted to head book-keeper and general credit man. He also spent two years for the firm as traveling salesman. When, in 1885, Mr. Persons retired from the business, Mr. Morgan assisted in the formation of the Blair & Andre company, becoming a stockholder and director in the corporation. He continued as traveling salesman until the company dissolved in 1889, when he became connected with the firm of Pitkin & Brooks of Chicago as their representative in northern Wisconsin and upper Michigan. He remained with this firm about two years, doing something the while in real estate, finally opening an office on Grand Avenue. The business grew rapidly on his hands, and he soon gave it his whole time, finally opening offices in the Pabst building.

His operations have assumed very large proportions, and are varied in their scope. He has dealt exclusively in his own properties or those in which he has had an interest, and has organized or assisted in the organization of some twenty land companies. Associated with him in these enterprises have been men of high business character, and he has been an official of all the companies which he has organized. His manner of carrying on his extensive business is methodical exact, and requires the aid of able men.

Mr. Morgan is Republican in politics, and an Episcopalian in religion. He is a member of the Merchants' Exchange, is vice-president of the Milwaukee real estate board and holds the same office in the National Real Estate association, is president of the South Arms Lumber company of Michigan, supreme president of the Fraternal Alliance Insurance association, a stockholder and director in the South Milwaukee National bank, and is officially connected with other business enterprises of importance. He is a thirty-second degree Mason, belonging to the Wisconsin Consistory, an officer of the mystic Shrine, member of the Royal Arcanum and is a Knight of Pythias.

His wife was Miss Martha Wall of Milwaukee, a lady of accomplishments, who understands the secret of making an attractive home.

MORSE, George Thompson, president of the Citizens' Bank of Reedsburg, is a native of Hobart, Delaware county, New York, and is the son of Hiram A. and Mary E. Mackey Morse. Hiram A. Morse was a soldier in the war of the rebellion, was in the first battle of Bull Run, and died or was killed in battle during the war. George T. Morse's grandfather on his mother's side was a soldier in the Mexican war. Young Morse received his education in the common school, but left it when quite young to engage in the banking business. Coming to Reedsburg, Wis., in 1867, he entered the private banking house of his uncle, Joseph Mackey, where he remained until 1872, when he became assistant cashier of the Reedsburg bank. This position he held until 1875, and then resigned it to accept the position of assistant cashier of the First National bank of Lincoln, Ill. Here he remained until 1879, but spending the winter of 1878-9 in Florida. After that he returned to Reedsburg and became cashier in the Reedsburg bank, and held that position for eight years, when, in company with Charles Keith, he organized the Citizens' Bank of Reedsburg, of which institution he is now president.

In politics Mr. Morse is a Democrat. He was an alternate delegate to the national convention at Indianapolis in 1896, but conceived it to be his duty as business man to vote for McKinley for president, the first Republican vote he ever cast. He has held several positions of public trust, such as city treasurer, etc., but is not ambitious of office, and is not specially interested in the mere machinery of politics.

He is a thirty-second degree Mason and a Shriner. He is not a member of any church, but attends the Presbyterian.

Mr. Morse was married to Miss Belle Ward of Dubuque, Iowa, and they have two children --Emma Ward Morse, aged fourteen years, and Ward Stone Morse, aged eleven years, Mrs. Morse's parents make Washington, D. C., their home, but travel extensively. They have been abroad several times, have visited the Holy Land and the scenes along the Nile, Mr. Ward was one of the organizers and stockholders of the first water power put in at Buffalo, N. Y.

MORSELL, Arthur Lee, a member of the Milwaukee bar, is a native of the city of Washington, D. C., where he was born December 8th, 1862. His father, John W. Morsell, now deceased, was for many years engaged in the mercantile business in Washington. His mother was Marry Ellen, nee Collison. The father was of French and Scotch descent, the mother of English. Hon. Columbus Drew of Jacksonville, Florida, at one times comptroller of the state of Florida, was a maternal uncle. Judge Morsell, for many years one of the justices of the supreme, court of the District of Columbia, was his relative on the paternal side.

Mr. Morsell's early education was received in the public schools of Washington, and, while a student there, he mastered the art of short-hand writing, which, for years, proved a source of profit to him, and later a great convenience. While still a school boy he was appointed by Senator Voorhees to a position in the United States senate, which he held for about a year, when he returned to his studies and completed his course. After permanently leaving school, short-hand writing, by which he earned his first money, was taken up as a regular business, and followed for several years. During this period he was employed by professional men in Washington, and finally by a prominent firm of patent attorneys of that city, as confidential clerk and stenographer. He remained with this firm for upward of ten years, gaining a thorough knowledge of the patent business. While thus employed he also, after regular office hours, served as private secretary to many prominent politicians, among whom were ex-Senator Butler of South Carolina and Hon. Thomas Wilson, formerly representative in congress from the First district of Minnesota. After the varied and valuable experience thus gained, Mr. Morsell entered the law department of the National University of Washington, from which he graduated in 1888. In the competitive examination for class honors be came within one percent, of obtaining the highest marking, graduating second in his class, and receiving, in consideration of such standing, honorable mention at the commencement exercises. In April of the year of his graduation, he was admitted to the bar of Washington. He then formed a business connection in the practice of patent law with N. A. Acker, a classmate at the university, under the firm name of Acker & Morsell, which continued for one year, or until Mr. Acker withdrew to engage in the practice of his profession in San Francisco, California. Mr. Morsell continued the business in Washington for several years, when, in 1891, he accepted an offer of partnership from C. T. Benedict of Milwaukee, who had, for many years, been engaged in the practice of patent law, and whose constantly increasing business required that he should have associated with him another versed in the intricacies of the profession. The firm of Benedict & Morsell thus established has field a great many of the patent applications for Wisconsin, and has been retained in some of the most important patent litigations in this state.

Mr. Morsell has been a life-long Democrat, although at the last president election, being unable, conscientiously, to accept the doctrines of Bryan and the Chicago platform, he voted for McKinley and Hobart. He is prominent in Masonic circles, being an officer of the Lafayette Lodge, No. 265, of Milwaukee. He is also a member of the state and local bar associations and a member of the Patcut Bar association of Chicago. He is a pew-holder in Immanuel Presbyterian church.

He was married September 13th, 1892, at Woodville, Md., to Sallie Phillips Wilson, of a prominent Maryland family. They have one child.

MOSES, Lorenzo Dow, whose residence is Ripon, is officially connected with more banks than any other man in the state, and has shown an ability in and taste for the management of financial institutions which is remarkable and almost unprecedented. He was born March 8th, 1842, in St. Lawrence county, N. Y., and is the son of William and Melinda Robinson Moses. His father was a farmer, and, like many of his occupation, in only moderate circumstances. At the age of eight Lorenzo had the misfortune to lose his father, and, in 1853, he came with his mother and stepfather to Waupaca county, Wis., where they settled on a farm near Ogdensburg, and where he remained until he was sixteen years of age. Having obtained, through close application to his studies in the district school, a good education in the common branches, he turned it to practical account by teaching district schools in his home county. In 1860 he became a clerk in a general store, and the following year began business on his own account in Ogdensburg. In 1865 he and his brother formed aa partnership for carrying on a general mercantile business, and the partnership was continued until 1866, when he purchased his brother's interest and greatly enlarged the business, carrying it on for ten years, when he disposed of the store in Ogdensburg, but retained his interest in stores in Manawa and Marion. In October, 1880, he removed to Antigo, where he successfully carried on a store, and where he established, in 1881, the Langlade County bank, a private bank, which, owing to Mr. Moses conservative and careful methods, became noted as one of the soundest institutions of the kind in the state--a reputation which it still retains. Close application to his extensive and varied business interests so impaired his health that he was compelled to retire from active business in 1883, and the following seven years he spent in extensive travel in the United States, principally in California and Florida, in the effort to recuperate his wasted health and strength. In 1890 he had so far recovered as to warrant him in resuming business. Taking up his residence in Ripon, he entered at once upon his favorite business of banking by establishing the German National Bank of Ripon, with a capital of $50,000. Of this institution he was chosen the first president and still holds the position, his administration of its affairs having been so able as to commend it to the confidence of the prosperous business community in which it is located. In 1890 he also organized the Waupaca County National Bank of Waupaca, of which he is vice-president. In 1892 he organized the Markesan State Bank of Markesan, and of this institution he is vice-president. The following year was organized the Princeton State Bank of Princeton, and he is now president of it. In 1894 he organized the National Bank of Manitowoc, and has been it president from its establishment. He is president of the First National Bank of new London, an institution having a capital of $50,000, and doing a large and prosperous business. In the management of these institutions there is work and responsibility which not many men would care to assume, but Mr. Moses has performed these onerous duties with a cool head and a success that are rare in business records. His career both as a merchant and banker has been so signally successful as to inspire confidence in his business sagacity and honor, and his counsel and advice have often been sought on important commercial and financial questions.

April 14th, 1864, Mr. Moses was married to Miss Fannie M. Jaquish of Madison, and three children have been born to them, namely: Frederic L., Guy J., who is now in the German National Bank Ripon, and Blanche, the light of the home.

Mr. Moses is a Republican on political questions, and naturally is for sound and stable currency. He is profoundly interested in all questions of national policy, and keeps himself thoroughly informed thereon, neglecting no duty of the conscientious citizen, and using his influence for the promotion of whatever will tend to advance the material and moral welfare of the community.

MOTT, Charles W., who is widely known in business and political circles, has had, in many respects, a unique career. He has followed several callings and been successful in all of them, has traveled extensively as a man of business, and, although modest and unassuming, he has, perhaps, a wider acquaintance than almost any man in the northwest. Born in 1852, in New York City, of parents who were ardent abolitionists, and, if possible, still more ardent patriots, although his mother was a native of England, he was by birth a politician, patriot and soldier. He had seen the leading abolitionists of the country in his parents' home, had heard them in conversation and in public address, and knew of their earnest thought and work in the cause of freedom for all mankind. His step-father was an active member of the Republican party after it was formed, and one of its most earnest workers. It was he who was instrumental in bringing that sturdy patriot, Zach Chandler, into political position, by nominating him in convention for member of his ward committee. He was accustomed to hear his father and mother reading to each other, in turn, the fervid literature of those stirring times, and so, almost as soon as he could fairly understand speech he was impressed with the gravity of the questions at issue in the political world. It is not surprising, therefore, that when the war broke out, this boy of nine years, and meager physical development, begged to be permitted to go into the army and serve the cause about which he had heard so much. But of course he could not be received at his age, however old he might be in information and thought. He noted all he saw of military life, and took a deep interest in the war, anxiously looking forward to the time when he could become a soldier of the Union if the war lasted long enough for him to reach an age at which he would be received into the army. At last, in June, 1864, when but twelve years old, measuring but four feet eight inches in height, and weighing but sixty-three pounds, he with his father's and mother's consent, enlisted as a drummer in the Sixth Michigan heavy artillery, and served until August, 1865. He was in the battles of Spanish Fort, Forts Huger and Tracy and the bombardment of Mobile. It is rare if so young a soldier saw so much of real war or had such an experience of men and the sterner side of life. He was mustered out in August, 1865, and, returning home, entered school, where he remained four years. At the end of his schooling, he joined a party of engineers as rod-man on the Michigan Central railroad. After four years of this work, which included a merited promotion, at nineteen years of age he built twenty-two miles of railroad, being engineer in charge; he then became a commercial traveler, went south, revisited the scenes of his military service, and traveled there some four years, making many friends among his former enemies through his inimitable stories and his genial manners. Returning to the north in 1879, he made his home in Milwaukee, but he remained on the road and became a well-known figure in Wisconsin, and in fact throughout the whole northwest.

During his traveling he was a careful student of men and politics, and politics, and came to know more, perhaps, about them than any man in the country. Under a quiet demeanor, he gained the confidence of many men of political prominence, and was able to do them much service--the more so as he was not an aspirant for office or position for himself. Politicians often conferred with him regarding the political situation or their own chances for the success of their own pet schemes; but he always kept his own counsel and his own secrets and thus exercised an influence which not very many possessed. There has scarcely been a politician in Wisconsin in the last dozen years that has not known him and respected his judgement. During Senator Spooner's gubernatorial canvas in 1892, he traveled through the state with him studying the political situation, and was of special service to him and to the managers of the campaign.

Not only is Mr. Mott a good story-teller and a shrewd politician, but he is also a clear-sighted, energetic and successful man of business. Some three years ago. Mr. Mott was appointed special agent of the land department of the Northern Pacific Railway company, and so successful has he been in this work that he has been promoted to the position of general emigration agent of the company, and is devoting his time and energies, with rare success, to the securing of a substantial class of settlers for the Northern Pacific lands. His wide knowledge of the different classes of people who are seeking homes, which knowledge was acquired through his extensive journeyings as a commercial traveler, has especially qualified him for the work in which he is now engaged. Then again he has a positive genius for advertising, which is another qualification in the successful prosecution of work of this kind. His facility in designing catching methods for bringing anything to the special attention of the people was utilized during the last presidential campaign, when he devised the tariff and wages cards, a series of pictures and maps illustrative of the questions at issue in the campaign, which were printed and circulated by the thousand, and which, to many voters, were a stronger and more effective appeal than any speech, however eloquent. The idea of using the flag with campaign devices of various kinds and pictures of the candidates was also his, and the resulting renewed enthusiasm for the emblem of the nation's power was one of the most gratifying features of the great political contest. He is the more thoroughly qualified for his present position form having been, under President Harrison's administration, inspector of immigration for Wisconsin and northern Michigan. He received his military title of colonel from having held a position on the personal staff of Gov. Rusks, to whom he had been of service through his extensive acquaintance.

Mr. Mott is a master Mason, a member of Independence Lodge, Wisconsin Chapter and Wisconsin commandery, K. T. He is also a Scottish Rite Thirty-second degree Mason, and for many years one of the four leading officers of the consistory, being the most equitable sovereign prince grand master of Wisconsin Council P. of J.

In 1881 Mr. Mott was married to Miss Agnes T. Smith, a resident of Wisconsin from childhood. They have had three children--all boys--one of whom died several years since. They have a pleasant home on Sixteenth street, to which Mr. Mott always hastens when he can get away from business.

MURPHY, Daniel E., resides at 173 Twenty-fifth street, Milwaukee, and is the son of Daniel Murphy of Ireland, and farmer and road contractor in fair circumstances. His mother's name was Margaret Hayes. His parents were good, honest people, but without anything in their family history to distinguish them above those among whom they lived. The subject of this sketch was born in Ireland, June 16th, 1843. His early education, like that of so many who have successfully 
made their way in this country, was limited. The national schools which he attended were good according to the standard of his time, and their moral influence of the very best. But upon leaving them, at the age of fourteen years, his school days ended. In 1859, at the age sixteen years, without friends and with little money, he left his native land for the United States, where many of his country-men have found homes and moderate fortunes. Upon arriving in this country, he made his way to Kensington, Connecticut, where he earned his first dollar, working in a factory for fourteen dollars per month. About the time that he had begun to make progress toward fair wages, the war of the rebellion broke out, and the factory was closed, throwing all its hands out of employment. He then worked on a farm for six months, at the rate of twelve dollars per month. Having saved fifty dollars, he went to Hartford, Conn., where he found great difficulty in making a living, times being very hard. Finally, recognizing that he had no trade or profession, and that if his ambition was ever to be realized, he must have one or the other; and, having no friends and no money with which to secure the education necessary to a profession, he learned the trade of a carpenter with one A. B. West, a leading builder of that city. When he had finished his apprenticeship he began to save money, and his first hundred dollars was put into a life insurance policy, on the endowment plan. Having saved some hundreds of dollars, he left his trade, and, in 1868, started a book and stationery store, in a small way, in Bridgeport, Connecticut. In addition to his store, he engaged in real estate business, then added life insurance, and occasionally took up the role of auctioneer. In this way, by paying close attention to these occupations, he had, in five years, made $10,000. Meanwhile, he moved into a much larger store, and added to his business immigration agencies and an exchange office, in all of which he was quite successful. Two months before the great panic of 1873, he brought a large tract of land, platted it, and prepared to sell it at auction in October following. On the 12th of September the panic struck the country, and his little fortune of $10,000 invested in Bridgeport land "vanished into thin air." He kept his book store, however, for several years thereafter, but times were hard, and trade dull; and, embracing an opportunity to sell out, he took Horace Greeley's advice and "went west," arriving in Chicago in 1878. He wrote to Hon. Matthew Keenan, then vice-president of the Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance company, regarding an agency; and Mr. Keenan, after consultation with other officers of the company, wired him to come to Milwaukee. He did so and received the appointment which he sought. This was a turning point in his life, and thus began his career as a representative of the Northwestern Mutual, of which he is now general agent for Wisconsin and Northern Michigan--a career which has been most advantageous to the company and most honorable to himself and beneficial to his material interests.

Mr. Murphy was married, in 1875, to Miss Rosalie G. Maher of New Haven, Connecticut, 
and, in 1878, they removed to Madison, Wisconsin, which was their place of residence until they came to Milwaukee. They have several children, one of whom is a student in the University of Wisconsin.

His reputation as a "hustler," as well as a most successful life underwriter and manager of agencies, is universally admitted. It is substantiated by the fact that the business of his agency has for many years averaged more than ten per cent of the entire business of the great company which he represents.

MYERS, Jacob Oliver, or as usually signed, J. O. Myers, is a resident of Wauwatosa, Milwaukee county, and is the son of Daniel P. and Maria Weiss Myers, whose ancestors were of the Moravian and Quaker stock that has left character and stability to the population of large portions of Pennsylvania, of which the parents of M. Myers were natives, and where they lived until they came to Milwaukee on the 20th of October, 1848.

J. O. Myers was born in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, and came to Milwaukee with his parents in boyhood. He received his education in the public schools, principally in that of the old Fourth ward. Like many another boy who has made a creditable record in the business world, he did not have the advantages of a liberal course of study, but left school early to earn his own living and make his way in the world of business. He began as general utility boy in S. B. Ellthorp's hat store, which was on East Water street, opposite the present location of Drake's drug store. He learned the trade of shoemaking when a boy, but never followed it after his sixteenth year. His next continuous employment was as clerk in the post-office, which he entered October 6th, 1856, and where he remained for ten years, gaining a reputation for industry, accuracy and general efficiency which has been more than maintained in his subsequent business career. After leaving the post-office, he engaged in the insurance business, in which he has continued since, formerly in partnership with his brother and the late S. C. West, and latterly alone. His business steadily increased, and he has an established standing in insurance circles second to none in the business. An evidence of this is found in the fact that he is secretary of the Milwaukee Board of Fire Underwriters, an important and responsible position. He is local agent of the Aetna, North British, Phoenix, Queen and Westchester Insurance companies.

In all his business and social relations Mr. Myers has maintained a character for ability, integrity, liberality and a wise discrimination in all matters upon which he is called to act that has given him a prestige in the world of affairs which not many succeed in gaining, and which stamp him as a truly "progressive man."

He is a Republican from conviction, and has steadily supported the principles, policy and candidates of the party, but has never sought office or exhibited any ambition in that direction. He is not a member for any club, but was long actively connected with the Grand Avenue Congregational church, and nine years past with the Wauwatosa Congregational church, taking part in its charitable and educational work as well as in its efforts for the spread of Christianity. He is vice-president of the Wisconsin Home Missionary society, trustee of the Rochester academy and director of the Children's Home society.

He was married, in 1867, to Adelaide L. Bigelow, who did in 1878, leaving two children, Mary L. and Oliver B. Myers, Mr. Myers, in 1881, married Miss Laura A. Chapman, and they have one child, Helen Louise Myers.

MYLREA, William H., attorney-general for the state of Wisconsin, was born in Rochester, New York, January 1st, 1853, but came with his parents to Kilbourn City, Wisconsin, in 1856, where he resided until 1883. He attended the village school, and, through diligent study and a natural aptitude for learning, he was prepared for college, and entered Lawrence University, at Appleton, in 1874, where he was a student until the close of the junior year, in 1877. After leaving college he became a student in the law department of the state university, at Madison, but while pursuing his studies there he received the appointment of postmaster at Kilbourn City. Discontinuing his studies in the law school, he returned home and entered upon his duties as postmaster, holding the position for three years. His leisure from his official duties, however, was devoted to his law studies, under the general direction of Hon. Jonathan Bowman of Kilbourn; and, in 1879, he passed the required examination and was admitted to the bar, at the session of the Circuit court in Portage. Resigning the position of postmaster in 1881, and entering upon the practice of his profession, such was his ability and attention to the cases committed to him that he rapidly acquired a large business. In the summer of 1883, he removed to Wausau, and entered into a partnership with C. V. Bardeen, now judge of the Sixteenth Judicial circuit. This partnership continued until 1892, when Judge Bardeen entered upon his judicial duties. He devoted himself with great energy and close application to the duties of his profession, not seeking office or position until 1886, when, without solicitation on his part, he was nominated by the Republican county convention for the office of district attorney of Marathon county, and elected by a majority of nearly 130, although on other offices the Democrats carried the county, as they have usually done since its organization. Two years later he was re-nominated. He made no canvass for himself, but spoke throughout the state for the general ticket, and although the Democrats carried the county by about 1,000 majority, on the general ticket, the majority, on the general ticket, the majority against him was but about 400. These facts show his popularity and the estimation in which his discharge of his duties of district attorney was held, in a clearer light than could any language, however forcible.

In 1894, Mr. Mylrea decided to become a candidate before the Republican state convention for the office of attorney-general. There were several other candidates of ability and experience, but he received the nomination without a serious struggle. In 1896 he was re-nominated by acclamation. He has made an able, attentive and careful official, and is popular with those having official relations with him.

He has been an earnest Republican since he was old enough to take an interest in political affairs, and as an expounder of the principles of his party he is very effective. He has spoken in all parts of the state, and in the campaign of 1896 he devoted much time and thought to the discussion of the important question of the currency, and is said to have been a very entertaining and instructive speaker.

Mr. Mylrea was married, in Milwaukee, November 12th, 1884, to Miss Minnie Ostrander, eldest daughter of D. Ostrander of Chicago, and formerly of Jefferson county, Wisconsin. They have one child--John D. Mylrea.