Hendrys in Colonial N.C.North Carolina, in the Colonial period of US history, was the new home to many Hendrys who came from the Isle of Arran, Scotland to Cape Fear, N.C. Until recently, we believed that the Hendrys came over about 1770, and evidence indicates that a large number did, indeed, come at that time. However, it would appear that they were not the first from Arran, Scotland; and, in fact, recent evidence suggests that there were many Arran and/or Kintyre relatives and friends already in North Carolina to welcome them.
Prior to 1743, Hendrys (Henry) are already found in the Black River area and New Hanover Co., N.C., a full generation before. (New Hanover, after 1743, was split up into several other counties; see County Timeline
From original records, Land Grant Office Archives, Raleigh, NC:
March 1742 - Alexander Colvin * , 300 acres east side Black River above James Henry.The above indicates that James and Alexander Hendry already owned land prior to 1742. Details on Black River.
* Alexander Colvin is found on a list of passengers from The Argyle Colony 1739 (proven); landing late September 1739. There is no question that the Alexander Colvin who came to America in 1739 was from Campbeltown, Kintyre, Argyll, Scotland - a neighboring peninsula to the Isle of Arran. Alexander's son, Col. John Colvin md. Flora McAllister in 1792 and they had 8 children, among whom is another Alexander Colvin. This Alexander will figure into the Hendry scheme in later times. More on Colvin
Interesting note here: Alexander Hendry's land mentioned above represents the nucleus of the later formed White Oak Plantation. The others located near Black River - exactly where the Argyle Colony of 1939 settled when they arrived from Kintyre, Scotland (neighboring peninsula to Arran). Historians agree: The Black River Presbyterian Church, a few miles from Brown Marsh near Ivanhoe NC, was founded by the early Scottish emigrant members of the Argyll Colony shortly after 1740. This is the same church (and area) that is mentioned in the Robert Hendry (and Ann Lee) family history - a Hendry who (allegedly) arrived from Scotland in the 1770s from Arran, Scotland.
We have recently learned that the Alexander Henry (Hendry), named above, was the progenitor of the White Oak Plantation Hendrys, born Isle of Arran, Scotland abt 1694; married Flora Sellars. The other Henrys noted above would most likely be his sons, James, Charles and Robert. So when did they arrived here from Scotland? The Heritage of Sampson Co, N.C. claims Alexander and his wife came to the U.S. abt 1720; more likely, they arrived NC with the other Arran / Kintyre residents in 1739.
Scottish records show that there were two great waves of Scots who emmigrated to the U.S. during the 1700's. The first in 1737-1740, and then again in 1770-1775. By 1775, the King was so distressed at the numbers leaving Scottish soil and thereby increasing the size of the army of discontents in the Colony (U.S.), he made emmigrating later almost impossible. This coincides with the earlier Hendrys in NC.
Also interesting: when the group from Arran left in 1770 for the U.S., most came in at Cape Fear, NC and most settling in the Black River area, right next to the Hendrys who had arrived a full generation before.
OTHER HENDRYS further WEST in NC:
1741 Bladen County NC issuing deeds
During the same time period, May 1741, Bladen Co. was issuing deeds on the Great Pee Dee River (Yadkin) to former New Jersey residents who had lost their homes in the land scam known as the "Daniel Coxe Affair" - then sent an agent to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement in N.C. The area was then called the Jersey Settlement, located on the north side of the river, "10 sq. miles of the best wheat land in the south, located in (modern) Davidson Co. near Linwood." Most of the original records of Bladen County, NC were burned; however, we were able to locate some documents, books, and other sources.
Anson County (formed from Bladen County 1748) records were most revealing: we find a
Henry Hendry in legal papers as early as 1751 when he was granted land from George III on Caudle (Cottle) Creek;[ABSTRACTS BELOW]
NOTE: Henry Hendry was Public Register for a time; ending 29 Apr 1756.
This clearly shows another group of Henry/Hendrys who were already in North Carolina long before the Isle of Arran Hendrys arrived in the 1770s.
Some digging on Henry Hendry reveals that he married Margaret Mary Isabella Ramsey after 1750 (ca 1754 Salibury NC). This was Isabella's second marriage; her 1st (and late) husband, Robert Davidson, died abt 1750 in Pennsylvania. Both were born in Dundee, Scotland; she and Robert Davidson married in Cecil, Maryland; and had two children born in Pennsylvania: John Davidson b. 1735 and Mary. It was through the Davidson family that we learned of this marriage. If their data is correct, the children of the first marriage would have been adults at the time of her marriage to Henry. Their records indicate that Henry's birth abt 1710 and Isabella's about 1715; at their marriage, they would have been 44 and 39 respectively. We have no records of any issue from this marriage - yet. Interesting that Henry Hendry was a school teacher, educated at Princeton in New Jersey; taught for some time in Pennsylvania; then removed to N.C. Isabella's children were his students. Was Henry one of the New Jersey Hendrys who, after the Daniel Coxe Affair, removed to, first, Pennsylvania, and then to N.C. - the Jersey settlement? He is surely in the right place - and at the right time. Based on the land & court records, Henry Hendry had land sold at public venue (court action) - April 1759 - and his step-son, John Davidson, purchased the land. We are not sure when Henry Hendry died; still tracking. Isabella died after 1782 in Iredell Co NC.
Anson County, North Carolina; Deed Abstracts, 1749-1766; Abstracts of Wills & Estates, 1749-1795. By Brent H. Holcomb, C.A.L.S., Baltimore, Geneaological Publishing Co, Inc. 1991, 2nd printing.