David Runciman D.D.1
(1804 - 12 September 1872)
|Father||David Runciman2,3,4 b. cir. Oct 1751, d. 16 Jan 1825|
|Mother||Janet Lockie2 b. cir. 1757, d. 25 Sep 1830|
|Relationship||1st cousin 5 times removed of Lorna Henderson|
BMDB dataDavid Runciman was born in 1804 at Wantonwalls, Par. of Lauder, BEW, SCT.5,6,7,8 He was baptized on 30 Mar 1804 at Earlston, BEW, SCT; (date assumed to be baptism rather than birth, given Wantonwalls, his stated birthplace, is in Lauder - no mother's name given in index).4 He married Janet Aitchison, daughter of William Aitchison and Mary Russel Ker, on 16 Aug 1836 at Edinburgh, MLN, SCT; (two entries on the igi, one presumably being banns: 10th Aug Canongate, 16th Aug St Cuthberts, this latter being what David put on his dtr Elizabeth's birth cert as his marriage date, in Edinburgh).2,5,9,10
David Runciman died on 12 Sep 1872 at Elie, FIF, SCT; cert reads: David Runciman, Minister of St Andrews Parish, Glasgow married to Janet Aitchison, aged 68 died 11:7am at Elie (plus some bits I can't read), of diabetes, cert. by John Kennedy MD to Elie, s/o David Runciman farmer and Janet m.s. Lockie, both dec., inf. dtr in law I A Runciman (nee Leishman, wife of his son David Williamson Runciman) See * below for his obituary.11,2,8 He was buried in the Necropolis, Glasgow, LKS, SCT, "2 or 3 rows behind the John Knox's memorial, by the Cathedral."12
Census/Where lived/OccupationsBy Sep 1829 David Runciman was appointed by the Kirk Session to Hope Park Chapel (Newington Ch), Edinburgh St Cuthberts, MLN, SCT, being ordained and inducted on Christmas Eve. He remained there until the move to Glasgow. David R believed that the Newington Church is the New Queens Hall, and web searches show this to be true. Initially the Hope Park Chapel of Ease, then the Newington & St Leonards Church, then converted in 1979 to the Queens Hall, with an organ replacing the pulpit. Apparently a planned refurbishment for 2004 was abandoned. Wish I'd known all that when I went to a folk concert there in 1995.12,17,18
The census of 1841 showed David with his wife Janet, their sons David and William, their dtr Mary at 8 Salisbury Pl, Edinburgh St Cuthberts, Canongate, MLN, SCT, household enumerated as RUNCIMAN: David 36 Min. of Newington Parish, Janet, 25, both b outside county. David W 4, Mary 2, William 1 all b MLN; Also Elizabeth Smith, 20 Independent, b outside cty; and three female servants: Euphemia McCaw, 22, b MLN; Janet Baxter, 24; Jane McKenzie 24, both b outside county.19 By Apr 1844 David Runciman was at the Par. of St Paul's, Glasgow, LKS, SCT, the translation of the Rev Mr Runciman to the church and parish of St Paul's Glasgow, having been unanimously agreed to.20
The census of 1851 showed David with his wife Janet, their sons David, William, John, Robert and Alexander, their dtrs Mary and Janet at 13 Annfield Pl, Barony, LKS, SCT, household enumerated as RUNCIMAN: David D.D. 47, Minister of St Andrew b nr Lauder, Berwick; wife Janet 35 b Edin; Children: David W 13, Mary K (ancestry indexed as R) 12, William A 10, John A 8 all scholars all b Edin; Janet L (ancestry indexed as B) scholar, Robert Peel 2, Alexander E 3mths all b Glasgow; Servants: LANDES, HENNESY; BOWNER.21
The census of 1861 showed David with his wife Janet, their sons David, William, John, Robert and Alexander, their dtrs Mary, Janet and Elizabeth at 317 Duke St, Srpingburn, Glasgow, LKS, SCT, household enumerated as RUNCIMAN: David D.D. 57, Minister of St Andrew Parish, Glasgow, b Lauder, BEW; wife Janet 45 b Peebles; Children: David W 23 (ancestry has 28) Mat student, Mary K 21, William 20 calico printer clerk, John A 18 merchants clerk, all b Edin; Janet L 15, Robert 12, Alexander 10, all scholars b Glasgow; Elizabeth N 5 b Glasgow; Servants: McNEILLAGE, McCULLICK.22 David Runciman and Janet Runciman were not found in the census of 1871 no search criteria I can as yet think of has managed to locate the family in Scotland or England via the Ancestry indices.23
Wills/bequestsDavid Runciman was a beneficiary of the 21 Jan 1832 will of George Newton.24 David Runciman was named as an executor of the will of James Runciman on 8 Jun 1858 at Wantonwalls, Par. of Lauder, BEW, SCT.25,26
John Runciman, Isabella Runciman, Elisabeth Runciman and David Runciman are all mentioned in the Inventory of James Runciman on 23 Feb 1872 at Lauder, BEW, SCT.25
On 8 Mar 1872 the court at Duns, BEW, SCT, ratified the Trust Disposition & Settlement of James Runciman dated 8th Jun 1858, with codicil dated 27th Dec 1867 and noted that David Runciman had declined to accept the position of executor.25
David Runciman at Elie, FIF, SCT, wrote a will on 12 Aug 1872 dividing his estate amongst his children David, Mary, John, Alexander, Robert, Elizabeth and Janet this being only a month before his death. The document refers to a post nuptial contract (dated 15th Aug 1836) between himself and Janet Aitchison, his wife, and an insurance policy which was part of this contract. Janet received "the whole household furniture, bed and table linen, silver plate, china and other household ??plenishing? which may belong to me at the time of decease and to which she is entitled under our Marriage Contract as also to pay to my wife at my death the sum of Two hundred pounds and for mournings Fifteen pounds to her", each of the daughters also received Ten pounds for "mournings"; Dtr Mary was to receive £100 after the last of her parents had died (or could draw on it after one had); The Estate was to be divided into 33 equal shares, with David receiving one share; John three; Robert two; Alexander four; Janet five; Mary and Elizabeth nine shares each: the daughters shares being protected from their profligate (my words) husbands by including the phrase "also expressly provided and declared that all sums falling to daughters under and in virtue of these presents and said Marriage Contract shall be payable to them exclusive of the jus mariti or right of administration of their husbands respectively and shall not be liable for their debts or deeds or attachable by the diligence of their husband creditors".27
All the other infoDavid Runciman graduated from Edinburgh University, MLN, SCT, in 1821 at age 17, following an education at Lauder school; D.D. (Glasgow, 1st May 1849).12,28 Following his graduation he returned to Lauder, where he was licensed to preach by the Presbytery, Lauder, BEW, SCT, and was also assistant at Swinton.12 In Nov 1831 David Runciman was served as heir to George Newton feuar in Kelso in ROX, SCT, along with John Runciman, William Runciman, James Runciman, Elisabeth Runciman and Isabella Runciman.3,29
Dr David had his portrait painted by William Crawford, and at least 50 copies of an engraving by John Le Conte based on a painting were printed. David assumes that this is the painting that used to hang in St Andrews Ch, Glasgow, LKS, SCT, (no longer there, but was sighted by David's Aunt Elizabeth many years ago). This is the same year (1847) he acquired a fine gold pocket watch.30
David Runciman D.D. graduated from the University of Glasgow, Glasgow, LKS, SCT, in 1849 D.D.
Addison 1727-1897 reads: Minister of (1) Newington, Edinburgh, (2) St Andrew's, Glasgow; born 30th March, 1804; died 12th September, 1872.8
On 2 Oct 1866 David Runciman officiated at the marriage of William Boyd and Janet Lockie Runciman at 13 Annfield Pl, Duke St, Glasgow, Dist of High Church, LKS, SCT.31,32
On 7 Dec 1872 an advertisement in The Scotsman reads: "In Memoriam The Late Rev Dr Runciman": Just published. Addresses Delivered by the Rev John Stuart, Edinburgh and the Rev Dr Graham at Kilbarchan, at the Close of their sermons in St Andrews Parish Ch, Glasgow, on the 22nd Sep 1872; also Dr Runciman's farewell address to his congregation, on 16th Jun, and the sermon Preached by him on the Sabbath of the Spring Communion of 1872, being his last discurse. Price one shilling, with portrait of Dr Runciman, and engraving of the church. Without portrait or engraving, sixpence. Proceeds to go to the Fund for erecting a monument to Dr Runciman. WM Kerr 42 Hope St Glasgow, Treasurer to the fund.33
* His obituary34 in the Edinburgh Courant, Sat Sep 14 1872 reads: The Death of The Rev Dr Runciman.
"Death has of late been thinning the ranks of the ministers of Glasgow. The well-known minister of St Andrew's has been cut down, in speedy succession to his friend and co-presbyter, the universally-known minister of the Barony. The place of the one, as well as of the other, it will not be easy to fill. The minister of St Andrew's was a man of mark, of portly presence and gentlemanly bearing - highly respected in the capital of the west, whose social circles he appreciated, and adorned, and one of whose longest churches situated in one of its poorest localities, which he found almost empty at the commencement of his incumbency, he filled to the door with a most respectable and attentive audience for more than a quarter of a century. The death of such a man demands more than the ordinary bare obituary notice.
Dr Runciman was born at Wantonwalls in the parish of Lauder in the year 1804. He received his early education at the parish school of Lauder, from which many men were sent forth to occupy no unimportant or obscure places in the Church! Wilson of Bombay; Purves of Jedburgh; Fairbairn of Trinity, were all contemporaries and friends of the subject of this notice, and in common with him and many others, never failed to acknowledge how much they owed alike for instruction and good impluses to their early training in Lauder Parish School. In 1818 Dr Runciman went to the University of Edinburgh, where he occupied a hghly honourable place as a student in the classes of the eminent men who then conducted the curriculum aike of arts and of divinity. He was licensed by the Presbytery of Lauder in Sep 1826. In 1829 he was assistant to Mr Hunter, of Swinton, and formed a friendship of great intimacy with that most amiable man, which his death, when minster of the Tron Church here, alone interrupted. At the close of 1829 he was ordained minister of Hope Park Chapel now Newington Church. Here he laboured with great acceptance and success till the shoals and quicksands of the Disruption period somewhat interfered with his popularity, and alienated some of his oldest and most attached friends. The element of controversy was foreign to his nature. He was not fitted to face the storms of a critical period, Peace and calm, it is no disparagement to him to say, were much more congenial to his temperament and disposition, and therefore that in 1843 he failed to maintain the same high position to which he had formerly attained may be readily admitted even by his most admiring friends. The trial through which he was called to pass at that time did not, however, sour his temper, or ultimately injure his reputation. His character for sincerity and high honour was never impeached or called in question. It was only his power to deal with questions of intricate and involved policy, and to ride unmoved on the waves of sudden and tumultuous change that was seen to fall short fo the requirements of that period. Therefore, no sooner was the Disruption over, and the place proper to the different parties definitively chosen and clearly fixed than his worth was again fully acknowledged; and in May 1844 he was removed to the beautiful church and onerous charge of St Andrew's where he laboured so earnestly and usefully to the last. Here he had difficulties neither few nor small at the outset to contend with. The congregation had been all but entirely swept away by the seceding minister: only a few leal and trusty friends of the Church retained their pews, but these proved invaluable auxiliaries to the new minister, cheering and encouraging him at every step, and soon the soundness of the doctrine he preached, the popular style in which he delivered his sermons, entirely without notes, and in a voice of great compass and pathos, as well as the unweaned fidelity with which he visited from house to house in his parish and congreagtion, attracted a large and thronging audience, which was scarcely diminished in its size or enthusiasm till his dying day.
We have already indicated the principal causes of his success. He was naturally an effective orator, and he preached only the things most generally believed. He was not ambitious to set forth things new and strange, but he had only to utter the plainest sentences on the tritest and most famiiar topics to produce a deep impression on an ordinary audience by the charm of his simple, unaffected manner, and the magic of a most powerful, richly musical, and carefully modulated voice. His comparition was at the same time of highly polished and studied elegance. Every sentence - yea, every word - was weighed; and while he affected no profound philosophy, contenting himself with Scriptural statements and with the doctrine of the Confession of Faith he never failed to satisfy an audience of simple believers, and not infrequently touched to the core the feelings of those in bereavement or distress.
In person Dr Runciman was considerably above the middle size, of strong and robust make. You could not pass him unnoticed on the streets. In society his company was much valued, and his conversational powers of no mean order. In private he was a warm and true friend; and in his own domestic circle as must be attested by all who had the privilege of entry into it, perhaps unequalled for the beautiful combination of frank confidence and dignified authority with which he treated his children. They and his widow can best of all appreciate his worth. He was a good, if not a great, man. What failings he had lay exposed on the surface, and to those who knew him best could never diminish respect and esteem for his large and loving heart"
His entry in Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae attributes several publications to him, including "An Album of Cartes de Visites, Sketches of Character from Real Life" published in Glasgow, 1866 (among other more worthy/religious pamphlets)
Another obituary ran in the Glasgow Herald of Friday Sept 13th, referring to an article the previous day about his serious illness which "will have prepared our readers for the announcement of his death, which took place yesterday at his son's manse, Leslie, Fifeshire.".. "In July last he obtained three months' leave of absence from the Presbytery of Glasgow," ... "Dr Runciman was a native of Lauder, Berwickshrie, and at his death was 68 years of age."... "His ministry in this city has been highly successful, a large congregation attesting to nis populatiry as a preacher ... His appearances in the pulpit were rendered more impressive by a rich musical voice and an imposing presence ... In private life he was much esteemed for his amiability and gentlemanly courtesy. ... His demise is mounred by Mrs Runciman and a grown-up family. One of his sons, the Rev D Runciman M.A., is minister of Leslie, where the Docotr breathed his last, and his son-in-law, the Rev. Wm. Boyd, succeeded the late Dr Robertson (of the Cathedral) as minister of Mains and Strathmartin."34,28,35
For a collaborative genealogy wiki including David Runciman D.D. see WeRelate.36
David Runciman D.D. belongs to a DNA tested line. Click here for further information.
|Janet Aitchison (cir. 1816 - 1 Feb 1890)|
|Marriage*||He married Janet Aitchison, daughter of William Aitchison and Mary Russel Ker, on 16 Aug 1836 at Edinburgh, MLN, SCT; (two entries on the igi, one presumably being banns: 10th Aug Canongate, 16th Aug St Cuthberts, this latter being what David put on his dtr Elizabeth's birth cert as his marriage date, in Edinburgh).2,5,9,10|
|Last Edited||5 Mar 2012|
- Lorna Henderson & others, "RUNCIMAN, George of Westruther", Personal research, supplemented, encouraged and helped immensely over the years by many other researchers and correspondents, chief amongst whom are fellow descendants, Harry D W (Edinburgh), and David RUNCIMAN (Spain), and the ever helpful Robert McC.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Dth 12 Sep 1872 David s/o David RUNCIMAN & Janet LOCKIE, Elie, FIF, 427 #4, copy d/loaded Sep 2005.
- RUNCIMAN Misc. Web & Correspondence online at Various, Services of Heirs, Roxburghshire. 1636-1847: Trust Disposition to George Newton, feuar in Kelso, extracted Sep 2005, (which supplements the original information from Harry W, the transcript of which did not include the "lawfull children of the deceased David RUNCIMAN, tenant in Wantonwalls").
- Scotlands People Index, "OPR Berwick, SCT, RUNCIMAN Births 1538-1854", RUNCIMAN births 1700 to 1820 Earlston, BEW, index searched Oct 2005.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Birth cert 1855 Elizabeth RUNCIMAN, copy d/loaded Sep 2005.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Dth cert 1872 David RUNCIMAN DD, copy d/loaded Sep 2005.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1), 1872 Obituary of the Rev. Dr RUNCIMAN, from the Edinburgh Courant, Sat Sep 14 1872, transcription rcvd Sep 2005.
- The University of Glasgow Story online at http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/, 1849 David RUNCIMAN, D.D, b. 30 Mar 1804 d. 12 Sep 1872, online at http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/biography/, extracted Jan 2012.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), RUNCIMAN/AITCHISON 1836 marriage, batch M195007 (Canongate) and M119898 (St Cuthberts), extracted Sep 2005.
- RUNCIMAN Misc. Web & Correspondence online at Various, Marr. 1836 David RUNCIMAN & Margaret AITCHISON, from Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae; the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the reformation (1915), online at http://www.archive.org/details/fastiecclesiasco03scotuoft, extracted May 2007.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1), 1872 Obituary of the Rev. Dr RUNCIMAN, from the Edinburgh Courant, Sat Sep 14 1872, transcription received Sep 1996.
- David RUNCIMAN, "RUNCIMAN Corres.," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Dr David RUNCIMAN, A Brief History of our Branch of the Runciman Family, rcvd May 2007.
- Lorna Henderson, "RUNCIMAN Analysis", Sep and Dec 2005, May 2007.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Dth 1855 Ann Cumin RUNCIMAN, from RUNCIMAN dths 1855-1870,index d/loaded Oct 2005, (Dist 644/2 #298).
- Sally HAW, "RUNCIMAN/AITHCESON Corres. ex Sally H," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Rcvd Aug 2006.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1).
- The Scotsman Archive, Convocation Memorial: David RUNCIMAN, from page 3 Sat 10th Dec 1842, extracted Dec 2005.
- RUNCIMAN Misc. Web & Correspondence online at Various, Queens Hall, Edinburgh, from http://www.edinburgharchitecture.co.uk/…, extracted May 2007.
- FreeCensus, UK online at http://freecen.rootsweb.com/cgi/search.pl, 1841 Canongate, Par. of St Cuthberts, Edin, MLN SCT1841/685 ED 4 Folio 223 Page 5, hsehold of David & Janet RUNCIMAN, extracted Sep 2005.
- The Scotsman Archive, Move to St Pauls: Rev Mr RUNCIMAN, from page 4 Sat 6th Apr 1844, extracted Dec 2005.
- 1851 Census transcripts, Scotland, via Ancestry.com, Barony, LKS, Par. 622 ED 2C Pg 16 Sched 73, hsehold of David & Janet RUNCIMAN, extracted May 2007.
- 1861 Census transcripts, Scotland, via Ancestry.com, Springburn, High Church, Glasgow, LKS, Par. 644/2 ED 121 Pg 7 Sched 36, hsehold of David & Janet RUNCIMAN, extracted May 2007.
- Lorna Henderson, "RUNCIMAN Analysis", Jun 2007, updated Dec 2010.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1), Register of Sasines, Jan 1832, John LOCKIE, served heir to Andrew LOCKIE, trustee for George NEWTON, rcvd Feb 1996, scanned copy rcvd Apr 2009.
- Will: RUNCIMAN, James 1858, 1867, 1872 (Will written Jun 1858 codicil Dec 1867 Inventory 23 Feb 1872 proved 8 Mar 1872) SC60/41/24 (27 pp) & SC60/44/6 (2pp): Copy d/loaded Sep 2005, (SC60/41/24 dated 23rd Feb 1872 detailed inventory, and Trust Dispostion & Settlement of 8th Jun 1858 and codicil 27 Dec 1867 - 27pp in all)
(SC60/44/6 dated 8th March 1872 confirmed appointment of executors).
- Robert S.McCutcheon, "EM Borders/CAI Corres:McCUTCHEON," e-mail to (1), Photo of The Rhymer's Tower, Earlston, rcvd Nov 2005.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Trust Dispostion and Settlement, 1872 Rev David RUNCIMAN DD, copy d/loaded Sep 2005, (SC36/51/62, Glasgow Sheriff Court, Wills).
- RUNCIMAN Misc. Web & Correspondence online at Various, Dr David RUNCIMAN, from Fasti ecclesiae scoticanae; the succession of ministers in the Church of Scotland from the reformation (1915), online at http://www.archive.org/details/fastiecclesiasco03scotuoft, extracted May 2007.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1), Service of Heirs Nov 1831 George NEWTON, feuar in Kelso, extract originally rcvd Feb 1996, scanned copy of same rcvd Apr 2009.
- David RUNCIMAN, "RUNCIMAN Corres.," e-mail to Lorna Henderson, Photo Dr David RUNCIMAN, A Brief History of our Branch of the Runciman Family, rcvd May 2007.
- 1881 Census transcripts, Scotland, via Ancestry.com, Newington, Edinburgh,MLN Reg 685/5 ED 106 Pg 19 Sched 80, hsehold of Janet RUNCIMAN, extracted May 2007.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), Marr. 1866 William BOYD & J L RUNCIMAN, batch M119181 High Church, Glasgow, extracted May 2007.
- The Scotsman Archive, In Memoriam, Rev Dr RUNCIMAN, from page 3 Sat 7th Dec 1872, extracted Dec 2005.
- H D W, "RUNCIMAN Correspondence," e-mail to L Henderson (1), 1872 Obituary of the Rev. Dr Runciman, from the Edinburgh Courant, Sat Sep 14 1872, transcription rcvd Sep 2005.
- Newspaper clippings, Obit 13 Sep 1872 Rev Dr RUNCIMAN, from the Glasgow Herald (Glasgow, Scotland), Fri, Sep 13, 1872; Issue 10205, extracted May 2008.
- WeRelate online at http://WeRelate.org, Dec 2011.
- Scottish BMDB entries (from 1855), http://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/index.php, Mar. cert 1866 D W RUNCIMAN and Isabella LEISHMAN, copy d/loaded Sep 2005.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), RUNCIMAN/AITCHISON births/baptisms, batch C119905, extracted Sep 2005.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), RUNCIMAN/AITCHISON births/baptisms, batch C119889, extracted Sep 2005.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), RUNCIMAN/AITCHISON births/baptisms, batch C119889, extracted Sep 2005.
- Online search: assorted surnames, International Genealogical Index (IGI), RUNCIMAN births/baptisms, batch C119181, extracted Sep 2005.
E. & O. E. Some/most parish records are rather hard to read and names, places hard to interpret, particularly if you are unfamiliar with an area. Corrections welcome