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Parramatta Chronicle, 30th December 1843
Page 3
Friday

William Mills, a discharged soldier, and veteran in the ranks of "the noble army of martyrs" in the cause of intemperance, who had been pouring copious libations on the shrine of his divinity, and was robbed of his watch, while so zealously sacrificing, was convicted for the fifth time in the last twelve months of excessive devotion and fined 20s. and 1s. costs, or 72 hours solitary confinement.
Frances Woods, a very withered little old woman, Sarah Griffiths, somewhat younger and more comely, and Thomas Tullecliffe, a ticket of leave holder, and for some years past hostler at Mr Francis' public house, at the Punch Bowl, were placed at the bar charged with stealing ten pounds from a Mr Selkirk of Selkrieg, of Sydney, on the previous morning.

13th January 1844

Steam Packet Licences To the Editor of the Parramatta Chronicle
SIR,--A stranger to Parramatta would imagine, from the traffic through the town and the incessant blowing of horns of mail-coach men, and the tintinabulary announcements of the arrival and departure of steamers to and from the metropolis, that this was the most prosperous and thriving place of the world, instead of a mere thoroughfare, which it is really is, for passengers from the interior to Sydney. In one sense, a facility of communication to the capital, may be looked upon as an advantage but I question as to whether Parramatta does not form an exception to the rule, for had people to sojourn in the town for a day or two, the shopkeepers, innkeepers and tradespeople generally would participate in the benefit of their custom to which they are now generally deprived.

Port Phillip
The papers received by the overland mail, are unusually barren of intelligence. Mr Orr of the firm Turnbull and Orr has been appointed Alderman, in the place of Mr Mortimer, resigned.

20th January 1844
PUBLICANS AND INFORMERS
There is confessedly no class of persons in the whole community so maligned and ill-treated as the licensed victuallers, and, taken as a body, perhaps a more respectable or more useful class is not to be found. A vulgar notion prevails in this colony, that the trade and calling of a licensed victualler is a most profitable one, a notion to which the Legislature and Executive powers will subscribe most willingly, as the restrictions and liabilities invented by them at various times, to interfere with the fair profits of lawful traffic in wines, spirits and malt, would seem to indicate. But the laws for licensed houses are sufficiently stringent without the cords being drawn tighter by trickery and chicanery on the part of the executive. We allude to the disreputable practice of employing informers in disguise to entrap respectable men into the meshes of the law, which, from its diabolical intricacies, it is impossible to avoid falling into by any means of human foresight or precaution when such disgraceful artifaces are had recourse to, to entrap them.

A Total Abstinence Festival, similar to that held on the Queen's birthday last, will be held in Parramatta on Friday the 26th instant, in celebration of the fifty-sixth anniversary of the foundation of the colony.

10.2.1844
Map of the town of Parramatta - we have been favored with an inspection of the map of the town of Parramatta which is in course of preparation by Mr Brownrigg, surveyor, and, which we understand, it is that gentleman's intention to publish, so soon as the survey upon which he has been for some time occupied shall have been completed. We learn that the map will be on a large scale, and that it will exhibit every house and allotment in the town, together with the names of the original grantees and present proprietors. There can be no doubt that such a publication will prove valuable as well as interesting, and we can only express a hope that the arduous undertaking will prove remunerative to Mr Brownrigg.

SLAUGHTERING HOUSES.-
Our attention is being repeatedly directed to the unwholesome odours emanating from slaughtering houses in different parts of the town, especially those at either side of the Parramatta River, and Mr Peisley's slaughtering house, Macquarie-street, on passing which, last Sunday, we perceived his Excellency the Governor's olfactory nerves were so obnoxiously saluted, that his Excellency and family were obliged to cross to the opposite side of the street. We believe it is contrary to the Police Act to slaughter cattle in the towns, and, if these nuisances be not abated in some degree, we must call upon the authorities to interpose their power in suppressing them.

CONSTABLES' PAY.-
Notwithstanding the low state of the Exchequer, we think the Government, for its own credit sake, ought to endeavour to strain a point, and pay the unfortunate constables their monthly pittance, as soon as it becomes due, instead of keeping their pay continually in arrear, as we are informed is the usual custom latterly. If it is expected the men should discharge their duty honestly, they ought to be paid punctually, otherwise the temptation to bribery and corruption may prove stronger than their necessities can conveniently brook.

A pear has been presented to the editor of the "Herald", by Mr Woodburn Mickle, of Kissing Point, which weighed 2lbs. 11ozs., and measured 1 foot 1.5 inches in circumference.

DISTRESS.---
We have heard from a most respectable source, that, at the present time, there are many unfortunate labourers, wandering from farm to farm in the neighbourhood of the Western Road, who can get no employment whatever, and some are reduced to the extremity of begging for victuals and a night's lodging. Major Wentworth, not long since, had ocular proof of these things, and expressed his utmost astonishment that there was such distress in the colony. We hope that the worthy Major and his brother will devise some means for the permanent relief of these people, by placing them on small farms. Do the Editors of the Herald and Australian believe such statements? If they do, why is the truth suppressed by them?

THE HAWKESBURY.-
We have heard that Wiseman's property at the Ferry has been let for £300 per annum, which, considering the times, is certainly a good rent. The present tenant intends to keep a store, and to provide accommodation for any travelers that may proceed to or from the Hunter, and also paddocks for cattle. It seems a pity, that so splendid a property should be suffered to fall into ruins, for with a little care and attention it might be made one of the most delightful and romantic residences in the colony. From the salubrity, as well as the retirement of its situation, it is admirably adapted for invalids; and if there is any one spot in new South Wales more suitable than another for newly married couples to spend the honey-moon, that spot is the neighbourhood of the Ferry. Indeed, now that a Church has been erected on the property, and within two miles of the Revd. W. W. Simpson's house, every facility is afforded to those happy people who are anxious to visit the altar of Hymen. We trust that this hint will not be lost, for we are sure that our suggestion will tend not only to the advantage of the new occupier of Wiseman's but also the comfort and satisfaction of those who may honour him with their company. 27.4.1844 Saturday

PORT PHILLIP AND SEPARATION
Great exertions have been made by the Port Phillippians to prepare a petition to the Legislative Council and Imperial Parliament on the all-absorbing topic of "Separation." AT a meeting of their Separation Committee, on the 22nd of March last, Mr Curr, the disappointed candidate at the first Melbourne Election, submitted for the approval of the Committee a petition which he had drawn up with considerable care and ability, and it was resolved that a Public Meeting of the Inhabitants should be summoned on the same day….The main arguments of the Separationists appear to be 1st the great distance of Port Phillip from the seat of Government: 2nd, that its interests are not adequately represented in the Legislative Council: and, 3rd, that its land revenue has been unfairly and partially appropriated.

… Dr Lang's expression that "the grand object of that province ought to be its speedy and entire separation from the rest of the colony".

EXECUTION OF VALE AND THORNTON (FROM THE "Maitland Mercury," April 20)
On Wednesday the 17th April the extreme penalty of the law was carried into execution at Newcastle upon Joseph Vale, aged 30, and Mary Thornton, aged between 20 and 21, convicted at the late criminal court held at Maitland of the murder, by poison, of John Thornton, the husband of the latter. Both prisoners had been regularly visited for spiritual instruction since their condemnation by the Rev. C. Pleydell, N. Wilton, M.A., Chaplain of the gaol; and the female prisoner had received daily the unremitting attention of Mrs Field, the wife of the governor of the gaol. To her, on Monday evening last, Mary Thornton made a full confession of her crime; and after Mr Keck, the acting sheriff, had read to her in the condemned cell her death warrant, on Tuesday there appeared to the chaplain that a visible change for the better had taken place in her mind. With regard to her partner in crime, in the presence of the Rev. W. Stack (who had kindly come from Maitland to prepare them for their awful end), the Rev. C.P.N. Wilton, and Mr Field, Vale on the night before his execution, acknowledged his equal guilt in the murder. At the request of both the criminals, the chaplain of the gaol announced from the drop to the assembled crowd that they confessed that they were guilty of the crime for which they were about to suffer, as well as the justice of the sentence, which had been passed upon them. The firmness of the female culprit, both in ascending to the drop and when upon it was exceedingly great.

CONFESSION OF MARY THORNTON
We have been obliged by E.D. Day, Esq., P.M., with permission to copy the following confession of Mary Thornton, which was forwarded to him by Mr Field, the governor of Newcastle Gaol.

"On Christmas Eve 1843, Joseph Vale gave my husband something out of a small bottle which he had brought from Maitland; he gave it to him in some rum. I did not know of it until the next morning when Vale told he had given it to him; he said he had given him enough to settle him; but he had a strong constitution, it did not affect my husband at all. He gave him more on Christmas night; I made the spirits hot, and mixed eggs with it; Vale blamed me for making it hot, as he said it was the cause of it's not taking effect; he asked me if my husband died would I marry him? I said yes; he said if I did not he would have revenge on me. The last time that Vale and my husband went into Maitland together I did not tell him to buy poison, but when he came back he gave me a paper, and told me to empty the powder into another paper, and burn the piece it was in, that no one might see it, as it was poison, and give that to John (meaning the powder) as that would do for him, for he had given half-a-crown for it. I gave part to my husband next morning in some tea; about dinner time he complained of giddiness in his head; when Vale perceived that he looked at me and laughed; he told me to put some on his pudding at dinner time, but I did not; he wanted me to put some more in my husband's tea that night, but I did not. I put some in his gruel next morning; I told Vale that I had put it in his gruel, he said that I did not put enough in. My husband wanted a dose of salts, which I gave him; Vale urged me to put some of the powder in them, but I did not. On the Monday evening my husband called me, and said, 'Mary, never let this happen again, for if I die Joe will be hung, as round as a robin.' I said, "What happen again?' He replied, 'I will tell you when I am dying'. But those were the last words he was able to say. A short time before he died Vale went for a doctor when he returned I was crying; he asked me what I was crying about, and called me a fool, and said, 'I am afraid it will be found out now he has been poisoned, and it will be known where I bought the poison.' When there was a great deal of confusion and talk among the people who suspected how it all was. Vale said 'They will hang us without judge or jury,' and also said, 'We will both die together.' Vale often brought herbs and a kind of vine from the bush for to boil as tea, and give to my husband and which he said would act as a poison. Signed Mary Thornton.

Condemned Cell, H.M. Gaol, Newcastle 11th April 1844.
Mr Field adds the following paragraph:
"The prisoner Joseph Vale, who was tried with Mary Thornton on the same charge, confesses himself equally guilty with her of the crime for which they are sentenced to suffer."

BIGAMY.-
On Tuesday a warrant was granted at the Police Office against John Brown, Land Surveyor, of Castlereagh-street, it having been represented by one of his wives that she was married to him in 1841 and had born three children to him; and that on the 15th of the present month he had been married to another female of about 16 years of age. 27.4.1844

TO THE WORSHIPFUL THE POLICE MAGISTRATE OF PARRAMATTA
SIR,--
We, the undersigned inhabitants of the Town of Parramatta, respectfully request that you will be pleased to call a Public Meeting of the inhabitants of the said Town and District, (as soon as convenient), for the purpose of selecting fit and proper persons to stand as candidates for the office of District Councillors at the ensueing election.
We have the honour, To remain, Sir, your most obedient servants,
James Houison, James Pye, Nathanial Payten, William Reid, Thomas P. Fitsimmons, James McRoberts, Edward Tapp, John Solomon, John Lowe, Joseph Whiting, John Parker, George Barker, John McKay, Thomas Blake, Edward New, James Byrnes, S. Phillps, Charles Rowling, Henry Manfield, Hyam Elias. Parramatta, 25th April 1844.

SYDNEY NEWS
City Council.-Monday
The proceedings of the last meeting were read by the Town Clerk, after which Mr Allen presented a report from the committee appointed to open the tenders for stationary and printing, recommending the tender of E. Alcock for printing, and that of John Sands for stationary.

11.5.1844 - SARAH HINDS, which being the second offence, was fined 10s. and 1s. 8d. costs, or forty-eight hours to the cells. Hinds considering this a most exorbitant charge in the present days of poverty, magnanimously resolved to "doit" in the cells.

Elizabeth Newman (free) was charged with drunkenness and being one of those individuals for whose especial behalf and benefit the Legislature passed that enactment which is generally denominated the Vagrant's Act. It being, in the present instance, duly proved that Newman possessed all the qualifications that were necessary to entitle her to free quarters in her Majesty's House of Call for Rogues and Vagabonds, she was awarded a Certificate to secure her domiciliation there, for the period of one calendar month.

Margaret Reed (bond) as charged with drunkenness, which, were a synoptic table of its various species to be made, might be classed under the head "Extra Aggravated" Drunkenness, which, in a domestic, is ever excessively annoying. For the hour of the arrival of a large assemblage of guests to a dinner party, to be the one conspicuously favoured and particularly selected for indulgence in fluids, renders the offence "most flagrant and most horrible". Sentence, fourteen days to the cells.

Elizabeth Wilkinson, ticket-of-leave holder for this district, was charged by Inspector Fox with being drunk at a late hour on the previous night, in Church-street. Wilkinson in her defence did not deny having partaken of a social glass, but between her opinion and that of Inspector Fox, there was a difference "wide as the Poles asunder;"-she affirming it that so long as she was capable of proceeding to her home, which she was doing when apprehended, she could not be drunk, and he, (Fox) on the contrary, asserting that a walk which was describing alternate but irregular angles from the north to the south side of Church-street, was a proof of anything but devotion to Teetotalism. The Constable's statement prevailed, and as Elizabeth had, within a very short period, made three appearances before their worships, under similar peculiar circumstances, she was returned to the Factory, being recommended to the favourable consideration of his Excellency for a cancellment of her ticket.

PARRAMATTA CHRONICLE 18.5.1844…
SUMMONS CASE
Burgess v. Dallison. Joseph Dallison appeared at the suit of William Burgess, overseer to W. Lawson, Esq., M.C., for a breach of the Hired Servants'Act. Mr Lambton appeared on behalf of the defendant.

The Plaintiff's information charged Dallison with disobedience of orders, coupled with insolence. The first allegation being grounded on the fact of the defendants repeated refusal to remove some horses from a spot where their grazing was on plants and not on grass, and the second, that when peremptorily refusing to obey this command, he bid the overseer go to the d------, and receive such sentence as people who visit his Satanic Majesty are usually in the habit of obtaining. Burgess underwent a long cross-examination by Mr Lambton, but the only fact elicited was, that Dallison was a "lazy, indolent man", and that he (Dallison) had affirmed that all the men on Mr Lawson's estate were rogues and vagabonds and the worthy member of Council himself a tyrant.

William Hartley, a servant in the employ of W Lawson, Esq., M.C., deposed that he had very frequently heard the defendant pass the highly complimentary eulogiumns, alluded to by Burgess on Mr Lawson and his establishment; and further, that the defendant had on more than one occasion pledged his word to elevate one of his legs to that exact height which would bring it in immediate and close contact with that part of the overseer's body in which it is said the seat of honor is located.

The Bench deeming the offences charged against the defendant to have been fully proved, decreed a fine of 20s. and 6s.8d. costs; in default of payment, one month to the Gaol and the agreement to be cancelled.

Edmund Mason, Editor of the Parramatta Chronicle, excels yet again with his witty prose …

25.5.1844:
POLICE INTELLIGENCE
Saturday
Mary Gilmore (bond) and William Butts (ticket-of-leave) were placed at the bar under the following circumstances.
About a month since Gilmore was assigned from the Factory to the service of Mr Harper, at Kissing Point. On her arrival, the general appearance of her master's mιnage not meeting with her approval, she resolved her sojourn should be merely that of a bird of passage, and therefore, resolving, like Macbeth-"that when done 'tis best it were done quickly," within a few hours took flight. Being a sharp goer, she distanced all pursuit; and all the constables inspired by the knowledge that the production of her body before any one of her Majesty's Justices of the Peace, was worth ten shillings, searched highway and byeway for her, still Gilmore was non est inventus. However, Constable Chambers, on the morning of the previous day happening to take an early valetudinarian walk to procure an appetite for his breakfast, strolled into a farm of Mr Curtis's, near Kissing Point, and close to the hut occupied by the farmer, Butts and a man named Salcliffe fell in with Gilmore in the act of taking up her bed and walking off. Seizure of her, and overhauling of the blankets, was the immediate result of the constable's unopportuned appearance, and the bedding appearing both by marks as well as Butts' own confession, to be his property, he had to accompany Gilmore on her pilgrimage to Parramatta, to answer a charge of harbouring. The Bench, however, directed him to be proceeded against by information for the offence, under the Act of Council, and discharged him, giving him a gentle hint that, although it was highly creditable of him to covert himself into a "Dorcas Society," to afford the loan of a bed and blanket to distressed women. There was a wide difference in giving these necessities to ladies lying-in and ladies lying out. Gilmore, for absconding, was sentenced, for two months to the third class at the Factory.

THE CUMBERLAND TIMES, Saturday January 3, 1846
NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR -- CLARENCE RIVER - We have had continued rain here from the 9th up to the present date (21st ultimo), the consequence is, we have a great fresh; the river running rapidly and has overflowed its banks; all the creeks are up, and we are completely isolated at this place, (a station about 60 miles from the heads), and shall be so for 3 or 4 days to come.

It will greatly retard the progress of the drays conveying the wool to the steamer. All the shearing is over with the exception of the Messrs Ogilvie's, who, from the great number of the flocks (28,000), will not have done for a long time yet. (The Ogilvies are the greatest of the Cormorants in this District; of course Sir George is with them a Robber, and of course they are pastoral association people, for which reason the Maitlanders, sent Ogilvie, senior, when he opposed Mr Grant, back to Merton, with a tin kettle tied to his tail)

We had Court here last Wednesday, when a fellow named James Kelly, an immigrant was fined £5 or go to quod for two months, for inhumanity to a Black, by setting a number of dogs on the poor fellow to worry him, under the pretence of obeying his master's orders, to turn him out of the paddock, it was an unprovoked aggression, as the blacks are all quiet in this neighbourhood, and Commissioner Fry very justly remarked, should the assault be retailiated, it would, in all probability, not be on Kelly, but on some unfortunate shepherd.

This case disposed of, Kelly was then charged with an attempt to commit a rape on a little girl under 11 years of age. The circumstances of the case were as follows - The child's parents had gone to the settlement on business, leaving the girl and two other children at home; the prisoner, who is a young man, came in, took the girl in his lap, and eventually tried to effect his brutal purpose, but was prevented through the presence of the other children: he was committed for trial.

In my last letter I told you that the police had gone in pursuit of the two men who had stolen two mares and a foal from Messrs Coutts and Aitken, of this river, and a pretty journey they have made of it. One of the troopers is named Fallon, and was formerly in the Parramatta Police, and as he and a second trooper were crossing a creek near the Bellingen river, they were surprised on rising the bank, by finding their further passage blocked by two fellows, one presenting a double-barrel gun, the other a single-barrel one, at them -

"Dismount, and if you attempt to touch your arms, I'll blow your b--- brains out."

The commands of these Gentlemen of the Bush, was obeyed, and I regret to say, without the slightest struggle. The police were then made take off their accoutrements, ammunition, &c., and to give them up-they then returned them their spare shirts, some tea, sugar, tobacco, and quart pot, telling them that they might consider themselves safe, that they would not shoot them this time, but if they met them again perhaps they would, also they did not want the Police horses, and would abandon them in 36 hours, but declined stating where they would be left.
One of them said "Do you know who I am?" "No," "Did you ever hear of Wilson, the Namoi Bushranger?" "Yes," - "Well I am he". The other fellow is named Warren, description-about 5 feet 5 inches in height, stout made, age about 32 or 33.

Wilson desired his best respects to Commissioner Fry, adding that he should like to meet him. I am sorry to say, that Mr Fry is unfortunately prevented by the floods, gratifying the request, but should the river fall today or tomorrow, sufficiently-Mr F. will do his best to give the desired interview, which, in the event of its coming off, will doubtless cost a little expenditure of powder and shot, and the Bushrangers will find themselves "tarnation gumpy I calculate".

Mr Fry's courage has already been tested, in a very desperate encounter, and it will cost the marauders a trifle of blood before they become masters of his horse. After Wilson and his companion had left the Police, the latter proceeded on foot to the McLeay River Police Station, got assistance, went in pusuit, but failed, as the brigands were watching all their movements.

They found on their coming up to a station of Mr Rens, that he had been favoured with a visit: they had handcuffed Mr R. to his servant with the Policemen's "ruffles," they then robbed Mr R. of several articles of wearing apparel, tea, sugar, &c. but gave him a decent suit to put on, "when he went to report the case to the Commissioner."

A watch hung up in the hut, and opposite a cap; Mr R. in order to save the watch going too fast, directed Mr Wilson's attention to the elegant traveling cap, which that gentleman kindly accepted of, desiring to know if Mr R. had on his establishment, a band-box to put his old castor in, so that it might be kept as a memento of him (Mr Wilson). As the reliques of celebrated men, are valuable, perhaps this cast off chapeau of the Brigand Wilson, may yet fetch a good price-after the fellow is either hung, or more mercifully shot. The Government lose near £100 by this adventure. Oh Messers Windeyer and Co !! - "Extract from a letter".

ATTEMPTED SUICIDE
Late in the afternoon of yesterday week, a man named Charles Porter, a tin-man by trade, and the keeper of a notorious house in Essex-Lane, while labouring under an attack of delirium tremens, attempted self-destruction by cutting his throat with a razor.

The wound fortunately was not dangerous, and he was conveyed to the hospital.

The same man, a few months since, while under the influence of the same dreadful disease, also attempted to put a termination to his existence by hanging himself, but at which time he was likewise discovered before his rash intent could be carried into effect.
On the present occasion perhaps he thought a razor was his surest means of securing a short CUT in compassing the "end" he had in view.

FINDING
A woman named Healy, a servant in the employ of Mr Solomon of Solomon's Temple, Eskine and Clarence-streets, was committed from trial, for having laboured under the slight mistake that "finding is keeping." It appeared that some few days previously her master had dropped four £1 notes, a sovereign and some few shillings in the water closet, which the prisoner subsequently picked up and deposited in her box. On Monday night as she was leaving the service, she was asked to allow her box to be searched, which she peremptorily refused acceding to, and on its being insisted on and examined the cash was found.

10.1.1846 THE CUMBERLAND TIMES

PURGING OF THE POLICE - An ex-constable in the Sydney Police Force, named Thorley, was on Tuesday committed for Trial, for stealing a black silk vest from the Chief Inspector's stores. The principal evidence against him was the man McQuillan, who is in custody for breaking out of the watchhouse, breaking into the same store, and stealing a watch and money therefrom. According to McQuillan's statement, 18s. 6d. was taken at the same time, and which he received as hush money, in order to allow Thorley to have a "vested right in the waistcoat," and not put "a jacket" on him.

THE CUMBERLAND TIMES 31.1.1846

FRACAS AT THE LUNATIC ASYLUM. - Considerable excitement prevailed on Thursday evening, through a report reaching town that Mr Digby, the superintendent at Tarban Creek, had been murdered by a prisoner assigned to the establishment, named Maher. On this man being brought before the court yesterday, the affair wore a very different complexion. From the evidence it appeared Mr Digby was about taking the prisoner and some others to Sydney, to be brought before Captain Innes, a very unusual course, and apparently on a very frivolous ground. The man was then observed to knock him down and give him a most awful kicking about the head, which will confine him to his room for some time, and then quietly surrendered himself and requested to be conveyed to the watchhouse. Maher who appears to be a remarkable intelligent man, admitted the assault, and without attempting to justify it, stated he had received gross provocation by Mr Digby's assaulting him and continued overbearing and insulting manner towards him, and cited several instances, which if true, prove Mr D. to be a second Tim Lane, a perfect incarnation of barbarity and brutalism, a species of monster created for the sole purpose of shewing how near the brute creation can approach the human, without the outward form betraying the inward feelings and passions. **

MY LYON'S SALE - On Saturday last the sale of J. Rose Holden, Esquire's valuable blood stock came off, at Mrs Walker's "Red Cow" Inn, and was respectably and rather numerously attended; a considerable number o gentlemen from the capital and other parts were attracted to the sale, besides a coach-load by the Age from Sydney. The following prices were realized, the buyers being chiefly from Sydney:- Tomboy, brown mare, aged, £22 10. Bee in a Bonnet roan bay filly, 2 years, L38; Governor, bay yearling colt L25; Sylph, bay yearling filly, L35; Bellona, bay yearling filly, L28. 17.1.1846

The Currajong Races took place on Tuesday last. There was some dispute between the parties on either side of the water, and it is said some cross racing. However it appears to have been some.

BAD STEWARDSHIP - The stewards of the above races having arranged to have a nice racy dinner at a certain hour. Some young gentlemen having scented the whereabouts, assisted by a significant hint of some where-abouts, quietly insinivated themselves into the premises - dived into the pies - cut into the pigs, cold and hot - walked into the turkey - put the hams into the pickling tub, which they prepared at intervals by copious applications of grog, wine, porter, ale and other rum materials, which mine host had so hospitably provided. In short, when the stewards returned from viewing the race, they had little else to do than to lick the plates, for which delicate office they fortunately had a lot of puppies at hand, and one dog with a large tail, which answered for a towel, and was ready to rub them down. How they dined has never yet been discovered, but it is to be hoped they will another time look better to their stewardship. Having been invited by one of the stewards to the feed, I must confess I got my dinner no where with thyme (time) stuffing. My feelings prevented me from entering into the spirit of the races and therefore I can give you but an imperfect account of them. The first race was won by somebody they called Johnny Crib. The second was won by somebody else, or his horse. The third race by Mr Skewthorpe, and the fourth or beaten stakes by Mr Tours, who disappointed Mr J. Denis.

INQUEST - An inquest was held Wednesday at Castle Hill, on an orphan child named Norris, who in a quarrel had snatched a peach from Reuben Fuller, his playmate, the boy thereupon threw at him a hard piece of earth which fractured his skull and caused death. The jury brought in a verdict of Justifiable Homicide.

Saturday 7.2.1846

CUMBERLAND AND WESTERN ADVERTISER
Sale by Auction, One Hundred Acres of Land,near the "King's Arms," Windsor Road.

Mr S. Phillips has received positive instructions to submit FOR SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION at Mr McGregor's Kings Arms, Windsor Road, on Tuesday February 17th at Twelve o'Clock,

ONE HUNDRED ACRES OF LAND, in one Lot; described in the Deed as "all that piece or parcel of Land, situated, lying and being in the Parish of Nelson, County of Cumberland and Colony of New South Wales," containing by Deed of Grant, One Hundred Acres m ore or less; commencing at the South-0west corner of T. Brown's Grant: bounded on the North partly by that Grant and partly by unlocated Government Land, being a line bearing East twenty chains. One the East, by unlocated Government Land, being a line bearing South forty-five degrees, East sixty-eight chains. On the South, by unlocated Government Land, being a line bearing West twenty chains; and on the West by unlocated Government Land, being in a line bearing North forty-five degrees West, sixty-eight chains to the commencing point.

The Auctioneer, in calling attention to this Sale of Valuable Landed Property, would only state, that it is well known as SCHOFIELD'S FARM, and has an excellent creek of good water running through it. The creek has supplied the settlers for some miles around in the driest seasons. About Forty Acres has been cleared and in cultivation. Terms at Sale.

OVER OFFICIOUSNESS AND ILLEGALITY
On Thursday, a ticket-of-leave holder named Whitby, was brought up on a most frivolous and unwarrantable charge. Inspector Fox deposed that he had been cautioned against going to the house of Mrs Wright in Providence Row, whose reputation he held rather lightly; Whitby was sitting at TEA, speaking loudly of fighting, and how he could smash the head of Paddy Macarthy. Witness had heard that he boasted he had the Governor's letter, and did not care for any one, and asked him if it was so; the prisoner replied that it was in the Police Magistrate's hands for the last three years, he was neither sober nor drunk. The accused in defence replied that three years' ago, before he went to Bathurst, he had given it into the office, that Captain Weston had read it, and he would write to him, and he would prove it. The police magistrate remanded him till the next day for the purpose of searching the office. It was perfectly clear that the man was under some delusion, and his error is certainly not deserving of punishment, but there are graver considerations connected with this case, --what had Fox or any constable to do with this man? By the present regulations a ticket-of-leave holder is on equal footing with one who has a conditional pardon, excepting that the first is confined to his district, the other limited to the colony; and were it otherwise, is it creditable for policemen to go prowling about and intrude themselves upon the privacy of any man of this class even if he visits objectionable houses as described? We remember this same man being taken out of a public house and brought up and charged and was ….

THE CUMBERLAND TIMES & WESTERN DISTRICT ADVOCATE 7.2.1846

THE BOLLOON RIVER AND FORT BOURKE (from the Maitland Mercury)
"Some time ago we published a rumour which had reached Maitland of the bodies of six white men having been found on the Bolloon river. In consequence of this rumour, Roderick Mitchell, Esq., one of the Commissioners of Crown Lands for the Liverpool Plains district, accompanied by several squatters located in the north-western district, proceeded to the Bolloon, to ascertain whether such an occurrence really had taken place. The parties proceeded beyond the spot where the bodies were said to have been found; but could not obtain any confirmation of the report which had led to their journey. We have been kindly furnished by one of the party with a brief narrative of the principal incidents which occurred during this trip, together with a notice of some peculiar habits of the natives of the Bolloon district, and a description of the country. We lay with much pleasure this interesting and valuable information before the public, and from the character of the gentleman from whom we received it, we feel satisfied that the most implicit reliance can be placed on its correctness.

"We have also been favored with the particulars of a visit paid by Mr Mitchell to Fort Bourke, immediately after his return from the Bolloon. By this visit, which is the first which has been paid to Fort Bourke since its erection in 1835, by Major Mitchell, the identity of the Darling and the Barwan, which previously was only a matter of general conjecture, has been established. There is something peculiarly appropriate in the son of Sir Thomas Mitchell thus proving the identity of the Darling and the Karuala or Barwan.

" We have no doubt that the account of both Mr Mitchell …(illegible)…….. L. Mitchell, Captain Sturt, and Dr Leichhardt, are engaged in exploring the interior of the continent. It will be seem that the country discovered by Mr Mitchell on the banks of the Bolloon and its branches is of a very superior description to that hitherto met with by Captain Sturt, or to that passed over by Mr Hodgson to the northward of Moreton Bay, in his trip to ascertain the fate of Dr Leichhardt's party."

Our limits forbid us extracting the report at full length, for the following notices of the aborigines met with in the course of the expedition are highly interesting. The first meeting with the blacks was at a spot, which, doubtless some enterprising push a-head squatter will not long allow to remain unlocated. The writer describes it as a spot where -

"There was abundance of barley grass, which, however, was thought of secondary importance, as there grew not on it bush or tree upon which cattle do not thrive. A tribe of natives, who on hearing discharges of firearms had concealed themselves in the bush, were with difficulty, by means of interpreter, induced to return and receive their fish and nets, which were found on the river bank, and which Mr Mitchell had caused to be properly respected. They were much alarmed having never seen white men, and had decorated themselves with green boughs, symbolic of peaceful intentions.

"The habits of all the natives of this river, are of the most disgusting character, involving a refinement upon cannibalism too sickening for your columns. Suffice to say, that this tribe of blacks carried with them two bodies, from which they had extracted and consumed what is termed, the adipose matter. When a party dies, a stage is immediately erected, consisting of a sheet of bark, drilled with holes like a sieve, fixed upon three posts. The body is placed upon this, and an opossum cloak being closely wrapped round the upper portion of it. A large "coulaman" receives the matter thus extracted by the heat, and the tribe close round and greedily consume, and rub their persons with this horrible extract. After this, the bones and skin are closely wrapped in an opossum cloak, and then rolled in a sheet of freshly stripped bark. The whole covered with network is then carried about by the tribe for a considerable time, and is ultimately deposited in some hollow log. Numbers of these stages are to be found on the Bolloon, and high up the Mooni Creek.

"On the 7th of November, the party proceeded a considerable distance up the river, the character of the country becoming hourly more striking. They encamped at a noble reach called "Toondi", which Mr Christopher Bagot (one of the party) computed to be about 100 yards in breadth, from the fact of his having used that number of strokes in swimming it. The natives again encamped with the party here; and in crossing from the opposite bank, there seemed to be the greatest alarm lest any of their mummied corpses, of which they had five, should touch the water, and the most religious care was taken to prevent such an occurrence. Three men were seen engaged in holding up one of them. The party was here, as everywhere, supplied with fish in abundance, and shown the most friendly feeling. There was one exception to the gratitude displayed by the natives on their being presented with bread: a young gin refused to receive it, and fell into violent hysterics."

Mr Mitchell after settling the boundaries, of the squatters' runs, &c., for a distance of nearly 300 miles, proceeded to Fort Bourke, being however, once in the course of journey attacked by the blacks. No accident however occurred.

"The Fort he found almost entirely burnt down, but the temporary stockyard, erected by Major Mitchell in 1835 was almost as secure as when erected.

"The Barwan stations are now proved to occupy as happy a position with respect to market as could be desired, being almost equi-distant from Sydney and Adelaide, the river pointing out the way for them to the latter place. It is singular that the only located parts of the Darling River are those untraversed by any regular explorer, having been opened entirely by the energies of the stockholders thereon who it is fortunate ………

THE CUMBERLAND TIMES - 7.2.1846

OUT OF THE FRYING-PAN INTO THE FIRE - Some days ago, an old offender and lover the of "Jolly God", named Ellen Collins, was brought before the Bench charged with being drunk and kissing her mother (alias lying on the ground face downwards) in the street. The fair Ellen indignantly denied the charge, but it being satisfactorily proved to the Bench, she was sentenced to one month's confinement. Upon sentence being passed, she told their worships, "that was nothing, they might give her three if they liked," and upon being told to be silent, she positively stated, she would not. When removed from the bar she was so insolent and noisy, that the court ordered her back again and indulged her in her predilection for the cells, by ordering her a three month's dose.

THE CUMBERLAND TIMES - 21.2.1846
On Monday two matrimonial jars came on; the first was a ticket-of-leave holder, named McDonald, whose better, or bitter half, charged him with inconstancy, and an overwhelming predilection for the society of "Mother Taylor." The wronged fair one was specially vehement in reiterating her injuries in the ears of the Court and the case was finally dismissed, with a warning from the Bench, and an intimation, that if brought up again his ticket would be cancelled. If the man should again forsake the sweet companionship of his virago, and fall into temptation, he might, by employing a solicitor, convince the Court that they are slightly in error in the matter of canceling his ticket.

The second case was, one of Venus versus Mars. The lady brought up her husband, a soldier of the 28th regiment, with whom she had cohabited twenty-seven years, on the charge of refusing to maintain her, and of turning her out of doors. The veteran, who enjoys a pension of 1s. per diem, offered to afford her the half thereof, and also one-half of his poor possessions, alleging, that her "aggravating tongue" had determined him never again to receive her under the shadow of his roof; he absolved her of all other faults, excepting that peculiar failing to which so many spouses are unfortunately prone. The Bench very patiently endeavoured to induce him to settle it out of Court, but he obstinately persisted in his decision, appearing to labor under the idea that the Court had no power to compel him to disburse more than 3s. 6d. per week for maintenance of his wife and children; the case was postponed till to-day, and probably he will by this time know that the Court have power to apply the whole of his pension to that purpose.

CUMBERLAND TIMES 11.4.1846

PURSUANT to notice given by the Police Magistrate upon requisition, a Public Meeting was held in the Court-house on Monday at three o'clock; Mr John Lowe was called to the chair and elected unanimously. The Chairman briefly explained the object of the meeting.

Mr Hugh Taylor commenced, by saying, that h e was extremely sorry to see so few of the inhabitants come forward to look after their own interest; he thought that the Courthouse would not have held all who would have attended, and that we should have had to adjourn to the Market-place. Now is the time that important thing are to be done; thre are now three new candidates to be returned. If the Governor had ever done well for Parramatta, he had so done in appointing Dr Hill as Warden; he was as good a man as could be found in Parramatta; we may consider Dr Hill as our own man, and I now tell you publicly, this day you must put in three men of respectability; if not, several Members now in the Council will resign, and the Council will be broke up; you must put in men who can work with them. Mr Taylor then giave a list of twelve for the Chairman to read. After \which, the speaker proceeded-I tell you, that one person from the Liverpool-raod and one from the Western-road, will, if they put in, make the Council ridiculous; -- they must have the q ualification. If any one comes forward who is guilty of a wrong act let him be past. Others are coming forward for mere pride; if they can only sit a twelvemonth they will sit as Magistsrates;--they never shall get in;-- nor even get in as Magistrates! The following list was th en read:-- Messrs Henry Harvey, Edrop, Isaac Sheppard, mcDougal, John Blaxland, Andrew Nash, Watkins, Urguhart, Capt. Wright and Dr. Anderson. Mr Taylor continued-I wrote to Dr Anderson and Mr Edrop and received their answers; they are milk-and-water; we must have men of respectability;--let me beg of you, whatever you do, not to pledge yourselfes to any one until you know who are coming forward;--I press upon you all to select the three best men. (Calls were made for the letters, and the speaker was so much interrupted that it was impossible to report him.) Mr Taylor ended by proposing Mr Francis Watkins, which Mr McKay seconded and was unanimously carried.

Mr Edrop was next proposed and seconded by Mr Bibb, who said that the object of the Meeting was most important. We are a rising colony and must look round us for materials to work with, and must select the best, for the sake of both ourselves and posterity. We are now capable of taking care of the land of our adoption, and our local rights are now conceded to us; for the protection of those rights we are now called upon to elect men who will take care of our interest; men of independence, who would not truckle to power, or pander to self-interest. He knew Mr Edrop from the time of his arrival in the colony, and was confident that he could be depended upon; the electors must return men who would act for the benefit of the District, and will look neither to the right or to the left. He was satisfied that Mr Edrop would perform his duty. The nomination was then carried unanimously as was also that of Mr Sheppard. Dr Anderson was next proposed, when Messrs Withers and Blakefield proposed that he was not a fit and proper person. A small majority decided against the motion. Mr Blakefield then proposed Mr Hugh Taylor, but he object of his speech was ividently meant for the contrary object. Mr Withers seconded the nomination in a tide of invective against Mr Taylor and became so vehement, that nothing but confusion followed, ad finally the Meeting broke up. It is to be regretted that the Chairman,who would make an admirable president of an orderly meeting, allowed his urbanity to outrun his firmness. A little timely decision might have proved both beneficial and creditable to the town. The Number at commencement were but few, but as the business proceeded the place filled, and at the termination the Court-house was crowded.

18.4.1846 CUMBERLAND TIMES

A VICTIM TO SCIENCE
Mr George Cuthbert was charged with being drunk at an untimely hour in the streets, When asked by the policeman who he was?

"A victim to science," hiccupped George; "but I've found it out."

"Found out what?" inquired the police constable,

"Silence, and I will tell you," murmered George. "Don't you know, and if you don't you ought-you ought, I say, to know that I have been hindeavouring to hascertain the comparative strength of alcoholic fluids for many years, and I've just found it out. It's whiskey, sir. Tell you how I did it. I takes three glasses of brandy, no effect; three of gin, no go; three of whiskey done in a minute. My grandmother always said I'd be a victim to my scientific thirst."

- "Very well come with me and study in the watch-house."

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 18.4.1846

HOBART TOWN

PUBLIC EXECUTION-Yesterday morning a large concourse of people congregated in front of the gaol, to witness the execution of Charles Woodman and Daniel McCabe, for cutting and maiming. The unfortunate men appeared on the platform a few minutes after eight o'clock and were almost immediately launched into eternity. McCabe seemed slightly agitated, but Woodman appeared to maintain that dogged indifference which he displayed during his trial. It will be remembered that sentence of death was passed upon Alfred Langdon, at the last Criminal sittings, for assaulting Thomas Groves, he has since been respited.---Courier

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 25.4.1846

A NICE WIFE - A female, named Donovan, was on Tuesday brought before the Court by her husband, for being rather too fast a goer, exemplified in her running away from him, and also in reducing his china, glass, furniture, and various odd come shorts, into a state of immortal smash. As there could be no doubt from the absconding and the Bull in a China shop sort of work, that the lady was a regular break-away character; and it is always praiseworthy, having discovered the bent of talent, to direct its proper application, she was sent to the Factory to break away-at stones.

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 25.4.1846

SHEA' EXECUTION - The following has reached us as being connected with the late horrid exhibition of man's revenge. Shortly after Green, the hangman, had performed his dreadful office, he was walking on the sands at Newcastle, and encountered the widow of the legally murdered man, and fell into conversation with her, when he informed her it was a source of pride to him, to be able to state, that he had so cleverly placed the knot, that Shea died almost momentarily and without a struggle; in fact, he, (Mr. G.) had never made a more complete job, and begged her, therefore, to lay aside all feelings she might entertain as to Shea's suffering. Ultimately, our informant adds, Mr Green and Mrs Shea took tea together and a ball-this is another instance of the morality of Executions, and their effects on society.

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 25.4.1846 - PRIVATE DRINKING

A woman named Dorah Berkely, was on Tuesday committed for trial for stealing from the cellar of her employer, Mr Johnson of Pitt-street, four bottles of wine. Mr J. had for some time past noticed that the stock in his cellar was gradually vanishing, and in the same ratio as his wines decreased the prisoner's spirits increased, and on a search being instituted, she was found to be a four-bottle woman, or at least able to carry that quantity. The prisoner gave a few "tears", a natural consequence of whining, but they were unavailing.

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 9.5.1846

WINDSOR

ADJOURNED LICENSING MEETING - the applications postponed at the meeting on the 21st for the purpose of the proprietors putting their respective houses in repair, and such order having been complied with, the following were granted:--

George-street,
Charles Daley "Lame Dog";
James Miller "Australian Hotel";
James Ingram "Kings Head".

Bridge-street,
Michael Egan "Currency Lass"
MichaelMcQuade "Shamrock Rose and Thistle"

McQuarie-street
William Thompson "Macquarie Arms"

Richmond-road
John Higgerson "Bird in Hand".

Richmond
Wm Farlow "Waggon and Horses"
Daniel Harrisky "Welcome Inn"
William Onus "Fat Sheep"
John Town, Junr "Woolpack" (Wine and Beer License)

Wilberforce
John Cobcroft "George and Dragon"
Wm Jasper "Wilberforce Retreat"
Joseph Suffolk "Union Inn"

There are yet four applications undisposed of, but which will be taken into consideration on Tuesday next.

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 9.5.1846

VOLUNTARY SURRENDER OF AN ESCAPED CONVICT - A very remarkable case was brought before Sir J. Pirie at the Mansion-house on Thursday, in which a seaman of very intelligent appearance named John Potter, aged about thirty years, was charged on his own confession with being a convict escaped before the expiration of his sentence.

The prisoner was tried and convicted of burglary, at Shrewsbury, in August 1832 and sentence of death recorded against him, but commuted to transportation for life. In December 1839, he made his escape from Sydney and has since led a seafaring life. After varied and laborious service, he entered the "John Gray", trading from Greenock to Bombay; and on the outward voyage, having been, he said, induced to read his Bible, a great change was wrought in his mind, and he felt himself called by a special Providence to labour for the good of his fellow-creatures. He had, while leading a convict's life, observed the frightful depravity of his companions, and he felt an ardent desire to devote the remainder of his days to reforming the morals of the convict population-a task he considered himself peculiarly qualified for, by his experience of their habits and manners.
His conscience however, prompted him, as a preliminary step, to deliver himself up to justice for his second violation of the laws of his country, in escaping before the expiration of his term of punishment for his crime. He applied in the first instance to Sir J. Pirie who became interested in his story, and would willingly have given him employment, but he considered that as a magistrate he could not properly do so without the sanction of the Secretary of State.

The crime, however, for which the sentence was passed having been a heavy one and the effect of the example co-operating, Sir James Graham could not recommend the grant of a pardon, but intimated that the convict must resign himself to trial by the laws of his country unconditionally. Evidence of the previous conviction and sentence was given, and the prisoner committed for trial.

Some years ago a case in some respects similar occurred in London. A man, who was sentenced to be transported, made his escape from Sydney, came to London, and lived in the respectability as tradesman for some years, but was one day met by the very officer on whose evidence he had been convicted. He was committed for trial for the escape, and immediately after his confession and conviction was, upon the strong recommendation of the jury, mercifully recommended to the Sovereign, who granted a free pardon.-Britannia Nov 29.

CUMBERLAND TIMES - 23.5.1846

JACK ASHORE-A female named Ellen Johnson, who gets her livelihood in any way but a moral one, was on Tuesday, committed to trial, for keel hauling a sailor belonging to the "Mermaid", named Slater, of ten shillings. Jack, being like most of his brother tars, a gallant man, saw Ellen to her home, a house which was not as pious as a chapel, and had no sooner brought himself to an anchor, than the lady made a blackguard snatch at this pockets, and run off with the slack of the beforementioned man. She was pursued and caught by a constable in a neighbouring public house, when she produced three shillings, as being the sum total she as worth in the wide world, but being observed to speak rather thick, her mouth was examined, and eight shillings were found in it, which she was in the act of swallowing, and were recovered from her in "spite of her teeth".

These pages contains transcripts of newspapers, a postal directory and a register that have been typed up from the original. 
I have no further information than what is on these pages.  You may find microfische of the originals at your local or state library

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