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Roger 'immigrant' Eastman1
b. 4 April 1610, d. 16 December 1694, #25159
Pop-up Pedigree

Relationship   9th great-grandfather of Kamela Marie Black.

Father   Nicholas Eastman b. circa 1568, d. circa 1640
Mother   Barbara Rooke b. 1581

!AInfoNew In the records of Salisbury for the birth of Roger's oldest son, John in 1640 Roger Eastman's name is given as Rodger Easman.2 
HYPER HYPERLINK this file: C:\Books\Pix B2700 and B2701 Text explaining the Eastman name and coat of arms. plus a graphic.3,4  
Birth 4 April 1610 Roger 'immigrant' was born on 4 April 1610 at Downton parish, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. - EASTMAN, Roger Sex: Male
Christening Date: 4 Apr 1610
Recorded in: Downton, Wiltshire, England
Father: Nicholas EASTMAN
Source: FHL Number 1279375 Dates: 1601-1732

"FHL Number 1279375" refers to the microfilm that contains an image of the original record at a FHC. This information was from a CD available to purchase in late 1998.5,6,7 
Baptism* 4 April 1610 Roger was baptized on 4 April 1610.8 
Birth 1610/11 Sometimes you will find a date of 1610/11 in Wales as his birth data.9,7 
!AInfoNew* 1638 One of our cousins, David C from NJ, has provided on his web site the Passenger List for the ship "Confidence" which Roger EASTMAN emigrated to America on in 1638. He is listed as a "15 yr old servant" of John Sanders. Roger's age at the time was actually 28. This may have been the only way he could go aboard. The source of this information "The Planters of the Commonwealth" by Charles Edward Banks, Member of the Massachusetts Historical Society and of the American Antiquarian Society, published 1930 and from "Colonial Papers, America and West Indies, v, 375". To see the Passenger List: linked txt file Linked Doc\confid38.txt The Confidence was a ship in the Winthrop fleet.10 
Note May 1638 The ship landed at Salem. Salem is just south of Cape Ann. In a quote from Savage we read 'That he came from Southampton 1638, on board the Confidence, in comp. with many wh. sat down at Salisbury, and neighb. towns, as presum. from a paper supplied by Henry Stephens of London, in Geneal. Reg.II 108-10, after some correct. of errors found by H.G. Somerby, giv. in Geneal. Reg. V 440, would be rec. as prob. in spite of the name being in the latter chang. to Robert, and the other circumst. of his being call. serv. 15 yrs old, for the numeral should be 25; and the designat. may well seem only a deception to get clear from the orders in counc. to embarrass emigrat.' Same source as above 'Often this is spell. as was the early sound, EASMAN. See Geneal. Reg. VI. 101,2 and 3.

Some say that the ship landed in April rather than May. This needs to be researched further.2,11 
!AInfoNew There is no evidence that Roger Eastman and those on the ship Confidence signed the following oath but it might have been required of them also. Surely, the passengers had a good laugh about this oath as soon as they left port.
     
     From: 'John K. Brice'
     
     Among the vessels detained in the river Thames by order of the king's Priv'y Council, 14 FEB 1633-4, was the ship 'Mary and John,' whose passengers were obliged to take the following oath of allegiance before the ship was allowed to sail for New England:- (notice the spelling).
      'I Doe sweare before the Almighty and ever living God, that I will beare all faithful allegiance to my true and undoubted Soveraigne Lord King Charles, who is Lawfull King of this Island and all other his dominions both by sea and land by the Law of God and man and by lawfull succession, and that I will most constantly and cheerfully even to the utmost hazard of my life and fortune oppose all seditions, rebellions, conspiraces, covenants, and treasons whatsoever against his ma'ties Crowne and dignity or person, raysed or sett up under what pretense of religion or colour soever, and if it shall come veyled under pretense of religion I hold it abominable before God & man. And this oath I take voluntarily, under the faith of a good Christian and loyall subject, without any equivocation or mentall reservation whatsoever, from w'ch I hould no power on earth can absolve me in any parte.'
 
HYPER 1639 HYPERLINK this file: These maps show Roger's original "Town Lot" and the cemeteries in Salisbury. Scale of original maps of Salisbury is 1'=17 Rods. C:\Books\Map B285, E197 Salisbury map Several maps need to be scanned.12,13  
Note* 1638 The original grant for what is now Salisburg was as Merrimack in 1638. Then is was called Colchester in 1639 and ultimately, Salisbury in 1640. Some sources say the original settlement was at Rings Island in the Merrimack River, off the south end of Ferry St off today's 1A. This may not be so. The original use for what since about 1865 has been the resort area of Salisbury Beach, was "outlots" for grazing and haying. Roger received lands in the first division in Salisbury in 1840 to 1843.14,2,15 
Marriage* 10 May 1639 Roger 'immigrant' Eastman married Sarah Smith on 10 May 1639 at Salisbury, Essex county, Massachusetts. Some say that there is no records of this marriage but 5,16,14,15,17 
!AInfoNew Interesting economics in Plymouth. Up to the mid-1620s, the main currency for trading with Indians was corn. People grew as much as they could. Then the Dutch introduced the Pilgrims to wampum, which took off. Corn growing went way down. Then along come a few thousand very hungry people to Mass Bay, and once again corn is in demand. Prices went so high, for so long, that people left Plymouth town in droves to have bigger farms on better soil. There also was a time about 1627 when the Pilgrims had an outpost some where near what is now Augusta, Maine to get pelts to sell for money to pay their debts.18

!AInfoNew Roger was a "housecarpenter" and a "planter".17,15

1640 There are recorded copies of the ear marks for Roger and Sarah's stock in early Salisbury. The early settlers grazed their cattle together and this was the way they identified the stock. An early version of the cattle brand.19  




1650 His minister's tax in 1650 was 8s, 3d. In 1652 his half year tax was 6s10d.14,8,13

!AInfoNew 1676 There were very few Indian attacks before 1676.10 
!AInfoNew A few other milestones in the lives of Roger and Sarah were;

1653 In the land division of 1653, 1654 and 1655 Roger received beach lots for mowing.
1 May 1654 Roger signed his mark to split Amesbury from Salisbury when the population became large enough to be separate towns
1657 Bought 100 acres of land 'toward Hampton'
1677 Listed as "brethen of the church"
1677 Signed the "Oath of Allegiance and Fidelity" to the King of England
1680 Signed a petition for Salisbury area to become Norfolk county.
1687 Roger is listed as a church member with wife, when Rev James Allen came to Salisbury.
22Jul1692 Signed petition in favor of Mrs. Bradbury in the witch scare; as did wife Sarah and several grown children.15,1 
Will* 26 June 1691 Roger 'immigrant' Eastman left a will dated 26 June 1691 that was written at Salisbury, Massachusetts.15 
Death* 16 December 1694
Roger 'immigrant' died on 16 December 1694 at Salisbury, at Essex / Norfolk, at Massachusetts at age 84.2 
Burial2 Roger 'immigrant' Eastman There is no marked grave site for Roger. It is likely that he was buried in the Salisbury "early" cemetery with only a "wolf stone" to mark the grave. A wolf stone was a large stone put directly over the gravesite to prevent the wolves and other wild animals from digging up the graves.. 
WillProved* 27 March 1695 His will was proved at Salisbury, Essex county, Massachusetts, on 27 March 1695. May be Norfolk. Also do we have a dating problem here?15,2,7 
HYPER* HYPERLINK this file: A map showing the spread of the Eastman's around the United States is available here. To Be Hypertexted and linked C:\Book\pix\eastman_map.  
!AInfoNew From Dick Eastman the writer of the "Eastman Newsletter" and a professional genealogist comes the following information on other Eastman families:
     
     Someone asked me to comment about Roger and Sarah Eastman of Massachusetts versus the Roger and Sarah Eastman found in Pilgrims' records in Leyden, Holland:
     The Roger Eastman and wife Sarah listed in as residents of Leyden, Holland are obviously not the same couple that most EASTMANs of North America are descended from. And there are a number of EASTMAN immigrants to North America.
     Roger Eastman who arrived in Salisbury, Massachusetts was born in 1611 as proven both by his christening record in Downton (near Salisbury) England and court records in Essex County, Massachusetts court records (he bought and sold land and gave a deposition in the witchcraft trials, all listing his age) and in his will which is still available in Salem, Mass. The Roger and Sarah Eastman listed in Leyden were married at the time that 'our' Roger Eastman was a still a very young child. I don't have the dates at hand but if I remember correctly 'our' Roger would have been about 3 or 4 years old at the time. Also, 'our' Roger Eastman was listed as unmarried in the ships passenger logs of 1638, he obviously married Sarah in Massachusetts. And he and Sarah had children into the 1650s, at a time when the couple in Leyden would have been in their sixties. It is an interesting name coincidence but I believe it is just that: a coincidence.
     
     The Roger Eastman who arrived in Salisbury is the ancestor of MOST people named EASTMAN in North America. But there are numerous exceptions.
     
     There is a claim that a British Redcoat soldier named EASTMAN arrived in Boston as part of the British occupation forces around 1775. He reportedly remained after the war was over and settled for a few years in Braintree, Massachusetts. He and his wife then moved to Ontario (maybe his neighbors didn't like a Redcoat in their midst) and had a family and supposedly many EASTMANs in Canada and the U.S. are descended from them. . All this is claimed in a book that I found in the Family History Library in Salt Lake City. However, the book contains no references and I have doubts about its accuracy. (I haven't expended much effort checking it out.)
     
     Next, a young Swedish sailor named Otto Estmund jumped ship in Florida in the 1890s. He later moved to New York City, married and raised two sons. His grandson sent me a copy of Estmund's citizenship application record in which he listed his name as EASTMAN but in the space for 'previous names' he wrote ESTMUND. The application also gives a detailed explanation about his 'jumping ship.'
     
     A Russian Jewish immigrant arrived in Boston around 1920 and reportedly was penniless. He apparently did well financially in the U.S. and also raised a large family. His Yiddish/Russian name was difficult for Americans to pronounce but it was something like EASTMAN so he 'Americanized' it. His grandson named EASTMAN appears on CompuServe's Genealogy Forum from time to time. The family is Jewish.
     .
     If you search U.S. immigration records from the 1870s through 1920s you find several immigrants named EASTMAN. I haven't traced their descendants, if any.
     
     In New Brunswick and Canada there are a number of EASTMAN families whose ancestry I do not know. One of them married my cousin in northern Maine, he says that family tradition is that their ancestors came straight from England. However, that area has a lot of Loyalist descendants too so it is not inconceivable that an Eastman moved from the U.S. to that area after the American Revolution. If so, these people are probably descendants of Roger and Sarah. There may be others..
     ..
     The last EASTMAN in Salisbury, England passed away only 3 or 4 few years ago. I also occasionally exchange e-mail with several people named Eastman who live in England, all of them who can trace their ancestry back to the the 1600s end up in the area around Salisbury so they are probably very distant cousins.
     - Dick Eastman@compuserve.com. 

Family   Sarah Smith b. 1620/21, d. 11 March 1697/98
Children  1. John Eastman+ b. 9 Jan 1640, d. 25 Mar 1720
  2. Nathaniel Eastman+ b. 18 May 1642, d. 30 Nov 1709
  3. Philip Eastman+ b. 20 Dec 1644, d. c Oct 1714
  4. Thomas Eastman+ b. 11 Nov 1646, d. 29 Apr 1688
  5. Timothy Eastman+ b. 29 Sep 1648, d. 1 Apr 1733
  6. Joseph Eastman+ b. 8 Jan 1650/51, d. 4 Apr 1692
  7. Benjamin Eastman+ b. 12 Feb 1652/53, d. 23 Jan 1727/28
  8. Sarah Eastman b. 25 Sep 1655, d. 1 Dec 1748
  9. Samuel Eastman+ b. 20 Sep 1657, d. 27 Feb 1724/25
  10. Ruth Eastman b. 21 Mar 1660/61, d. 23 Feb 1740/41

Citations
  1. [S9194] Stina Kolosey, On These Things.
  2. [S9141] "Salisbury Info", .
  3. [S10090] "Eastman Coat of Arms. Text explaining the Eastman name and the Coat of Arms.".
  4. [S10091] "Eastman Coat of Arms.".
  5. [S9127] Curtin on Eastman, online unknown compiler.
  6. [S9180] "Email, no hard copy" , Richard W. Eastman and Ancestry.com.
  7. [S9147] Charles R. Eastman, Early Eastman.
  8. [S9180] "Email, no hard copy" , George Eastman Seven e-mail address.
  9. [S9098] Eastman Lebrecht, "Rix extractions by E. Lebrecht".
  10. [S9195] Unknown author, History of Amesbury Mass.
  11. [S9302] Savage, Genealogical Dictionary of New England.
  12. [S9184] "Maps of Salisbury and Amesbury, MA. in some detail.".
  13. [S9191] David W Hoyt, Salisbury Families.
  14. [S64] Guy S. Rix, Rix.
  15. [S9192] Unknown author, Early Rowley.
  16. Download, <e-mail address Ancestry.com February 2002.
  17. [S9202] Charles John Eastman, That Man Eastman.
  18. [S9180] "Email, no hard copy" , e-mail address.
  19. [S9177] ""History of Salisbury/Amesbury, MA", p.210-11. Marks used by early people as Rodger & Sarah Eastman.".

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