Person Page 23337
|Father||Henry the Fowler King of Germany b. 876, d. 2 June 936|
|Mother||Matilda the Saint1 b. 895, d. 14 March 968|
|research||Find at Internet.|
|research||Find Henry |
Henry (hèn´rê), rulers of the HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Henry I or Henry the Fowler, 876?-936, German king (919-36), was the first of the Saxon line, precursors to the Holy Roman emperors. After succeeding CONRAD I as German king, he won LOTHARINGIA from its allegiance to France (925), defeated the MAGYARS (933), and fortified his frontiers. St. Matilda, his queen, founded many monasteries. Henry II, 973-1024, emperor (1014-24) and German king (1002-24), was the last of the Saxon line. He was duke of Bavaria and succeeded his third cousin, OTTO III. In 1004 he entered Italy and was crowned king of Lombardy. He carried on a long warfare with BOLESLAUS I of Poland. After being crowned (1014) emperor, Henry was forced to assert his control over Italy. Both he and his empress, Kunigonde, are saints of the Roman Catholic Church. Henry III, 1017-56, emperor (1046-56) and German king (1039-56), served jointly as king with his father, CONRAD II, and acceded after his father's death. Under Henry the medieval Holy Roman Empire probably attained its greatest power and solidity. He defeated (1041) the Bohemians and maintained control over SAXONY and Lotharingia. The four Germans he named to the papal throne greatly increased the power of the papacy. His son, Henry IV, 1050-1106, emperor (1084-1105) and German king (1056-1105), was the central figure in the long struggle between the Holy Roman Empire and the papacy, which had been greatly strengthened by his father. His appointment of bishops in 1075 was condemned by Pope GREGORY VII. Henry declared Gregory deposed, and Gregory in turn excommunicated Henry. Even though Henry recanted, an antiking, Rudolf of Swabia, was named by a faction of German nobles, and civil war broke out. Henry was again excommunicated, but he invaded Italy, defeated the pope's forces, and was crowned emperor (1084) by the antipope, Guibert of Ravenna. His continuing battles with the pope, however, endangered the monarchy. With the blessing of Pope PASCHAL II, Henry V, 1081-1125, emperor (1111-25) and German king (1105-25), forced his father, Henry IV, to abdicate (1105), but he soon fell out with the pope. In 1111 he took Paschal and his cardinals prisoner. To secure his release the pope crowned Henry emperor and made other concessions. The conflict continued but was finally resolved by the Concordat of Worms (1122).
Henry VI, 1165-97, emperor (1191-97) and German king (1190-97), was the son and successor of FREDERICK I. As the husband of Constance, heiress of Sicily, he gained control (1194) of that kingdom. He also took RICHARD I of England prisoner and forced him to swear fealty. He died while preparing to lead a Crusade.
Henry VII, c.1275-1313, emperor (1312-13) and German king (1308-13), was a minor count of the house of Luxembourg when he was named king. As emperor he tried vainly to end the strife between the GUELPHS AND GHIBELLINES. He died while on a futile campaign to secure imperial authority in S Italy.
The Concise Columbia Encyclopedia is licensed from Columbia University Press. Copyright © 1995 by Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Succeeded his father Otho I as the Duke of Saxony in 912. B2355, E1233
Death: B2355, E1233 Pages duplicated from 'Your Family Tree' Origianlly Published in New York, 1929 Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1968. Library of Congress Catalog #67-28625. Dayton Public Library GenR B97 J82.
|Name Variation||Henry I The Quarrelsome Duke of Bavaria was also found as Duke Henry I of Bavaria.4|
|Name Variation||Henry I The Quarrelsome Duke of Bavaria was also found as Henry I of Bavaria.5|
|Birth*||circa 918||Henry I The Quarrelsome was born circa 918.2|
|(Witness) !AInfoNew||8 August 936||It was the king's wish that his eldest son, Otto, should succeed him. Matilda wanted her favourite son Henry on the royal throne. On the plea that he was the first-born son after his father became king, she induced a few nobles to cast their vote for him, but Otto was elected and crowned king on 8 August, 936. Three years later Henry revolted against his brother Otto, but, being unable to wrest the royal crown from him, submitted, and upon the intercession of Matilda was made Duke of Bavaria. Soon, however, the two brothers joined in persecuting their mother, whom they accused of having impoverished the crown by her lavish almsgiving. To satisfy them, she renounced the possessions the deceased king had bequeathed to her, and retired to her villa at Engern in Westphalia. But afterwards, when misfortune overtook her sons, Matilda was called back to the palace, and both Otto and Henry implored her pardon.1|
|Marriage*||938||Henry I The Quarrelsome Duke of Bavaria married Judith of Bavaria, daughter of Arnulf "The Bad" Duke of Bavaria and Agnes of Ungarn (Hungary in German), 938. They had at least 4 children:|
Gerberga of Hildesheim, Abbess of Hildesheim
Henry II the Wrangler of Bavaria, Duke of Bavaria, b. 951 and
Brunon (Bruno) I of Brunswick, Count of Brunswick.2,6
|research*||Find May have had another son, no name given.5|
|Death*||1 November 965|| |
Henry I The Quarrelsome died on 1 November 965 at Bavaria.7,2,3
|Family||Judith of Bavaria b. circa 925, d. 28 June 987|
|Child||1.||Henry II The Wrangler Duke of Bavaria+ b. bt 943 - 956, d. 28 Aug 9954|
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