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Nicholas Rivard dit Lavigne1    8th great grand uncle and husband of 9th great grand aunt
b. 16 June 1617, d. 1 July 1701, #14515
Pop-up Pedigree


Whether the Rivard family used a "coat of Arms" or even were
entitiled to do so, is not known.  This has been
Suggested as their Arms.

Father   **Pierre Rivard2 b. 7 January 1591, d. 16 March 1651
Mother   **Jeanne Mullard2 b. 9 July 1597, d. 21 April 1649

Name Variation Nicholas Rivard dit Lavigne was also found as Nicholas Rivard dit Lavigne.  

 Nicolas, oldest son of Pierre Rivard, was the first of the family to arrive in New France in 1648. Nicolas' mother, Jeanne Mullard, owned a small piece of land in Tourouvre, named "Clos de La Vigne". This LaVigne location exits in Tourouvre to this day, where one of our cousins visited and kindly provided us with a picture of a local road sign. Nicolas' oldest son Nicolas and youngest son Antoine also used the dit name LaVigne, but the dit name was not routinely used after the first three generations. While most families in this line retained Rivard, we have recently discoverd numerous families in Quebec that dropped Rivard and kept Lavigne as the surname. Many of the Lavigne families were from the Nicolet area.

Link to road sign.


Name Variation Nicholas Rivard dit Lavigne was also found as Nicolas Rivard-Delavigne that is, Nicholas Rivard of Vigne..3

Birth
16 June 1617 Nicholas was born on 16 June 1617 at St-Aubin-De-Tourouvre, Renouard, Orme, France. Link to church picture.3    More pictures of the church in St. Aubin de Tourouvre

Purported to be the first
home of the Rivard's in
Tourouvre, France
This is the third home in which the Rivard's lived in Tourouvre This was a later home of the Rivard's in Tourouvre.

Click on thumbnail to see larger version of each picture. Use BACK to return here

The pictures above were taken by cousins that visited Tourouvre, France in 1977 and 1980 and provided this pictures for the family to enjoy.  Pictures provided by Mary Ann Mickey.

See  http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Flats/1865/pictures.htm

1646 He arrived in Quebec in 1646. Hired for Canada by Noel Jushereau c. 6 mar 1648. Military/Militia captain [Tanguay].3

6 March 1648 The following extract is from Our French Canadian Ancestors.

It was on a Friday, 6 March 1648, when Nicolas knocked on the door of notary Chouaiseau in Tourouvre. He was there to sign a contract to work in Canada. He had been recruited by Pierre Juchereau, Sieur des Moulineaux, on behalf of his brother Noel Juchereau, Sieur des Chastellées, living in Quebec, for "a time of three years to begin the day of embarkation which will be this year from la Rochelle." Rivard was promised free passage to and from Canada, including meals and 66 livres "tournois" as an annual wage. He was also advanced 15 livres, deductible from his first years pay. A normal livre was worth 25% less than a livre tournois at the time.

As early as 27 February 1649, Nicolas appeared as a Godfather in the parish registry of Trois-Rivières. In 1651, he was named the Captain of Militia in Cap-de-la-Madeleine and later in Batiscan. "This was an honorary position and held without monetary compensation. The captain of the militia was, in fact, the administrator of the seigneury. He trained the troops, led them into battle, carried out the orders of the Intendant, and was also the governor's agent. When the seigneur lived outside the seigneury, the captain had the first pew in church, on the left side of the main aisle. He was usually referred to as "Sieur" and most often, at his demise, he was buried in the crypt of the church." He worked at this duty until old age overtook him. On 6 June of 1649, he received a piece of land from the Jesuits, measuring two arpents in frontage on the river by twenty arpents in depth.4

24 Nov 1652 On 24 Nov 1652  PierreGuillet and his  brother-in-law to be, Nicolas Rivard dit Lavigne sold Mathurin Guillet's land on the Cap to Gilles Trottier. It is quite probable, the death of his brother, Mathurin and the constant threat of the Iroquois gave Pierre Guillet the desire to establish his young family nearer the safety of Quebec City.5

Marriage 21 June 1653 Nicholas Rivard dit Lavigne, 36 years old, married Catherine de St. Père, who was 18 years old,  daughter of Etienne de St. Père and Madeleine Couteau, 21 June 1653 in Trois Rivières, cté Champlain, Quebec, Canada. They had at least 10 children.

Both Nicholas and Catherine are related to the children of Pomala Morin Black and Rex Morin. Nicholas is an 8th great grand uncle and Catherine is an 8th great grand aunt, each in their own right.

Nicolas Rivard II - Was born on February 01, 1654 at Trois-Rivieres and died on December 02, 1719 at Batiscan. He married Elisabeth-Blanchet Trottier and the couple had ten children.

Marie-Jeanne Rivard - Was born on August 24, 1656 at Trois-Rivieres and died on November 25, 1698 in La Visitation, Yamaska, Champlain, Quebec. She married Charles Duteau and the couple had eleven children.

Julien Rivard - Was born on December 09, 1657 in Trois-Rivieres and died on December 09, 1708 in Batiscan. He married Elisabeth Thunay and this couple had at least one child.

Francois Rivard - Was born on September 27, 1659 in Trois-Rivieres and died on September 14, 1726 in Batiscan. He married Marie-Madeleine Lepelle and the couple had seven children.

Pierre Rivard - Was born in 1661 at Trois-Rivieres and died on and March 01, 1724 in Batiscan.

Marie-Madeleine Rivard - Was born in 1663 at Trois-Rivieres and died on March 11, 1637 in Batiscan.

Michel Rivard - Was born in 1665 at Trois-Rivieres and died on August 17, 1687 in Batiscan.

Jean-Preville Rivard - Was born in 1668 at Trois-Rivieres and died on June 30, 1731 at Ile-Dupas, Berthier, Quebec.

Marie-Catherine Rivard - Was born in 1673 at Trois-Rivieres and died on February 15, 1703 in Batiscan.

Antoine Rivard - Was born in 1675 at Trois-Rivieres and died on September 14, 1699 in Batiscan.3,6
Not all are followed further.

1665 The Carignan soldiers arrived in New France in the summer of 1665. On September 6, 1666, 1,300 men: 600 soldiers, 600 habitants and 100 Natives went into Iroquois lands, and destroyed several villages. Pierre Boucher was involved with this expedition. He was the ambassador from New France to the French Court. While he was gone, either with the Carignan soldiers or to France, Nicolas Rivard dit Lavigne was left in charge at Cap de la Madeleine.5

April 1666 In the spring of 1666, the Jesuits, in possession of the Seigneurie of Batiscan, granted the first 30 land concessions there. The contracts were drawn by the notary Jacques de la Touche. It was a family affair!!! Claude Houssard, Pierre Guillet's father-in-law was the first;(husband of Madeleine Couteau) he got his land concession on March 21, 1666. Robert Rivard, the husband of Madeleine Guillet (Pierre's daughter) got his on the 22 of March. His brother, Nicolas Rivard, Pierre's brother-in-law (he's Catherine Saint Père's husband) signed for his land consession on March 23 of the year. Mathieu Rouillard, who married Jeanne Guillet in June 1667 and Jean Moreau who married Pierre's daughter, Anne in 1667 also received land concessions. On August 6, 1666, Pierre obtained his property here making him among the first landowners of this area of Quebec. On November 17, 1667 he sold this land to Jean-Baptiste Crevier. Three days later, on November 20th 1667, he bought 80 arpents of land at Cote Saint-Marc, next to his own property on the Cap. His son, Louis would later be known as Louis Guillet dit St Marc. Even later, Abraham Guillet dit St Marc became St Mars then Cinq Mars. These name changes, (the author of this peice suspects), originated from this land purchase. At the end of 1667, he exchanged land he had on the Cap for property in Batiscan owned by Jean Cusson.5

1670 On 7 March 1661, notary Claude Herlin drew up a most unusual contract. It concerned the purchase of a chapel by the literate and well respected Nicolas Rivard from Governor Pierre Boucher. The deed read in part "A chapel which he (Bouchar) had built in his yard, 20 feet long by 20 feet wide," would be disassembled piece by piece, transported to the Cap and reassembled. It was erected on the precise spot where the second church, which still exists, is located.

On 23 March 1666, Nicolas acquired two properties from the Jesuits, one at Batiscan and the other on the Ile Saint-Eloi. Each measured 2 by 40 arpents and both were recorded by notary Jacques de la Tousche. The Rivards lived awhile longer at the Cap, where they were listed in the census of 1666. Then they moved to Batiscan in 1668: There is reason to believe that Msgr de Laval conferred the sacrament of Confirmation in the house of Nicolas at Batiscan on 25 May 1669. In addition, the Bishop found the place to his liking, so he asked Father Germain Morin, the first priest to be born in Canada, to establish a parish there. On 26 June 1670,

Nicolas was elected the first churchwarden of this parish.

Because of his influential position in the community, he was often called upon to defend the rights of his people. On 13 August 1663, we see him bring a complaint against Michel Pelteir de Laprade, the future seigneur of Gentilly, when our valiant militia captain found a man named Pierre Retoucq at Peltier's home "stretched out unconscious" after a violent quarrel. As a result, a tribunal composed of Pierre Boucher, Quentin Moral and Louis Laurent found the defendant guilty and fined him twenty livres.

Another example comes to us through the pen of Madame Jeanne Petenaude, who writes:

"Nicolas Rivard had traits of character and aptitude which involved him in protecting the public welfare. On a few occasions, the Archives tell us in detail how he took the initiative to defend the common interest of the citizens of Batiscan. Often the reports were expressed in these terms: Nicolas Rivard, Sieur de la Vigne, knowing how to read and write, acting for and in the name of all the colonists being their procurer and defender ask, etc... and the petitions were addressed to the Intendant, to the civil or religious authorities, etc... In 1676, he appeared before the tribunal to plead the case of the colonists because they were dissatisfied with the "alignment and boundary markers placed by surveyor Jean Guyon du Buisson." After a rather sharp exchange between Nicolas Rivard, "procurer and plaintiff", and the representative of the King, an order, signed on 13 October 1676 in Trois-Rivieres by Boyvinet, was published, to the effect that the boundaries would be re-examined by the surveyor Jean Le Rouge, to the satisfaction of all interested parties. Nicolas was to examine the deeds of the habitants to see that justice was done. As their complaints were settled, Rivard was recognized as a truly good lawyer."

In spite of all of the good will and conviction that he put into his lawsuits, ancestor Nicolas did not win all the cases he brought to the attention of the Sovereign Council. In 1682, in another class action suit, he apposed the parish priest of Batiscan, Messire François Dupré, on the subject of a supplemental tithe. This business grew out of a royal ruling issued in May of 1679 concerning the manner in which tithes were to be collected. On 5 September 1682, the inhabitants learned, at their own expense, that it was useless to oppose His Majesty, on pain of fine, or worse...corporal punishment! In November an ordinance reinforcing the manner of tithing was signed by the Intendant and given to Rivard to post on the door of the parish church for everyone to see.4

In the census of 1681, Nicolas was 60 years old, and he lived with his wife and ten children at Batiscan. There he worked at the duties of Captain of Militia until 1697, that is to say until the age of 81 years.

Death 1 July 1701 Nicholas died on 1 July 1701 at Batiscan,  Quebec  Canada at age 84.1 
Burial 1 July 1701 Nicholas was buried at St-François-Xavier in Bastican, Quebec,Canada.. This is a small Parish cemetery. On his death certificate the Curate wrote that Nicolas had shown all the signs of a singular piety.3

More on Nicholas here.  A Special thank you to Frederick Dumas and his son for his work providing us with this insight into the life of our ancestor

Family Catherine de St. Père   b. 26 August 1634, d. 27 June 1709
Children  1. Nicholas II Rivard dit Lavigne b. 1 Feb 1654, d. 2 Sep 17197
  2. Jeanne Rivard+ b. 24 Aug 1656, d. 25 Nov 16958
  3. Pierre Rivard dit Lanouette+ b. c 1661, d. 1 Mar 17241
4. M-Madeliene Rivard. bc 1663 d. 1737

Citations
  1. Download, Tiffany Fugere  http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tdfugere&id=I26614.
  2. Download, Tiffany Fugere <e-mail address> http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=tdfugere&id=I26614 citing Renee Jette, "Dictionnaire Genealogique des Familles du Quebec" 1883, Publ. University of Montreal. Covering years 1608 to 1730. Page 987
  3.  Download, http://epf.planete.qc.ca/base/affiche.asp?ID=I87128#info Raynard Drouin.
  4.  Download, http://www.imagineworks.com/dumasfam/html/montegut.6.html.
  5.  Download, http://guilletcinqmarsfamily.homestead.com/PierreGuillet.html citing multiple sources. No author is noted.
  6.  Download, http://www.geocities.com/weallcamefromsomewhere/Kebec/saint_pere.html.
  7.  Download, Descendants of Jules Trottier - 4 Feb 2004.
  8.  Download, http://awt.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=wisegal&id=I28837 Kim Lalonde  .

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Compiler: Pomala Black

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