8514 Rockmoor, San Antonio, Texas 78230
© 1997 Charles W. Johnson, M.D.
FROM PAUL JOHNSON, (our son). In his files he found some Indian information. This is from, INDIAN LAND CESSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES, WASHINGTON GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1900 by Charles C. Royce, compiler. This is a chronology chart, "Schedule of Indian Land Cessions". pp 648-9, 652-3, 660-1 plus a map of TN and parts of KY, NC, SC, GA and AL showing the sites discussed in the charts. This appears to be just a portion of the material of what no doubt is a huge book. The map does not show counties but it does show towns and various Indian sites of historical importance.
The part of the map which is most interesting to me is the Tennessee River area as it crossed from near Chattanooga, TN and dips down into Alabama and back up into TN - where we have been studying about Thomas Harrison and his Cherokee wife and with a reservation of 640 acres on the TN River above Guntersville. Actually Guntersville is the furthest point south of the TN River. It shows Crow Town but in parentheses is says (Cherokee). Recall MEMOIRS OF CATHERINE BROWN, A Christian Cherokee (p 1. January 1997 Harrison Notes). Her family lived on the Crows Town Road which was within two miles of Edward Gunter of Guntersville and quite close to Thomas Harrison. I do not find the road on the map but I do find Crow Town. It is perhaps 35 miles upstream from Guntersville and very close to the TN border and close to Nickajack and Chattanooga which are in TN.. Just downstream from Guntersville, perhaps 10 miles is Camp Coffee on the s.s. of the river and directly across is Chichasaw Island and Chicasaw Old Fields, a considerable piece of property. I do not know but I expect that during the time period of interest to us, this was not Chickasaw property but Cherokee. Perhaps earlier it was Chicasaw.
The Chronology charts: These involve other parts of North America such as New York which are not of our immediate concern, but also Cherokees:
Hopewell Treaty Nov. 28, 1785. This very important treaty set many boundaries to hem in the Cherokee Nation. I will give a small piece of the border description: ..to the mouth of Clauds Creek on Holstein; thence to the Chimney Top Mountain; thence to Camp Creek near the mouth of Big Limestone on Nolichucky... This portion involves Harrison territory in East Tennessee in Greene County where Old Jeremiah Harrison and his descendants around Harrison Methodist Church were on the Nolichucky and further upstream a bit were other LGT Harrisons such as Michael and others around Camp Creek and Big Limestone and Greenville. (Becky Bonner's Harrisons who later came down into Alabama)... a note says that much of this intricate border was very slaw to be surveyed and marked and had many discrepancies.
Aug 7, 1790 in New York City a treaty, not named, with the Creek Indians to cede territory. This was essentially all in Georgia
July 2, 1791 On Holston River near mouth of French Broad. No name given but this would be practically in Knoxville. It resulted in the Hawkins Pickens Survey line, which is shown on the map. It is a straight line across mountains but it starts at Notable Rock at Kingston, south and west of Knoxville. The line heads in a straight line for a considerable distance east by southeast through Buncombe County (as it was at the time) to the border of Buncombe with Rutherford and about half way between Asheville to the north and Hendersonville to the south. The information with this is specific as to survey points but not as to purpose. It is my understanding
that this Hawkins-Pickens line served no real purpose because other changes superceded. The actual survey was not done until 1797. It is my understanding that Hawkins did part of this survey and General Pickens the other part and that the Hawkins refers to Benjamin Hawkins, the famous Indian Agent headquartered in Georgia who with Pickens were the chief negotiators for the Americans for numerous treaties with the Indians .... but I am not too sure that Benjamin Hawkins actually was present for this survey in his name. I say this because the summer of 1797 he was laid up in bed much of the time at hone in Georgia with the gout and was certainly unable to climb all those mountains in Buncombe. Perhaps it is possible that he did the survey earlier in the spring and as a result of the survey he became very disabled for many months afterwards.
Perhaps it was another Benjamin Hawkins who actually did the survey, and perhaps a relative. Shortly after this survey a Benjamin Hawkins bought considerable property along this survey line in Buncombe County, in select parcels in this very wild and largely unexplored mountains. For many years it was assumed that the Benjamin Hawkins who made these purchases was the well known Benjamin Hawkins, a justice, who was an early founder and leader when the county was formed. That turned out in the past few years to be wrong. Some excellent research reveals the buyer to be a third Benjamin Hawkins who moved on to Tennessee and perhaps a nephew of the Indian Agent. The "resident" Benjamin Hawkins, the justice, well known in Buncombe, was presumed to have died about 1808 and was supposed to be buried at his home "Antlers", the site of present "Biltmore" but the Vanderbilts could find no cemetery on that site. It turns out that someone later built "Antlers" on Benjamin Hawkins former land and that he moved to Greenville SC and lived many more years, but he was not the one who bought the land along the survey route. All of these Benjamin Hawkins' were surveyors! But of course, Benjamin Hawkins the famous Indian Agent was very involved in the treaty and in many treaties with the Indians. No doubt he did get around a lot and probably was no stranger to Buncombe County. He was quite capable of strenuous physical activity but maybe not as late as 1797 for this survey. This was a straight line survey up and down very rough mountains. Apparently General Pickens had the easy part in the lesser hills and mountains of Eastern Tennessee. Perhaps many more details are available. The chart refers to such, "For history see 5th Annual Report of Bureau of Ethnology, pp 158-169."
October 2 1798 at Tellico TN. This was a meeting at Tellico Block House, called the Wild-cat Rock and a new line was drawn connecting to Hawkins' line. It appears to me that this cession provided considerable land for settlement of whites in E. TN.
GORDON KINSHIP. A book by Nancy S. McBride, 1973. Sent to me by Linda W. Purvis, a Johns(t)on researcher. This has not been very successful as far as sales and the book was in an oversupplied situation. so lately many have been given away. The book has a couple of major defects: 1. No index, 2. Little documentation. It does have a Table of Contents listing many chapters on various families connected to the author's Gordons. One extensive chapter is on HARRISONS, pp 177-216.
The author's Harrisons are the James River bunch, with the Presidents and Signer of the Declaration of Independence. But the author has done considerable research in England, Scotland and Ireland, in addition to America. She goes into considerable detail about the various Harrison lines of America and the various lines of Great Britain and attempts to reconcile these families and connect them where plausible and to provide detailed
information which may help other Harrison researchers in the future in some of the more esoteric research problems of early American Harrisons.
She does give a bibliography which contains Harrison books I have never seen but not some of the ones on which I depend such as Worth Ray's books, SETTLERS BY THE LONG GREY TRAIL, THE TUNIS HOOD FAMILY, nor HOUSE OF CRAVENS. But she is familiar with these Long Grey Trail Harrisons. This represents a great deal of work over a long period of time by a dedicated researcher, covering many of her extensive ancestral families back to early Europe.
She gives in her bibliography:
The only Harrison family with considerable detail on descendants is the James River Harrisons especially showing her several connections to them. I will try to pick out what is relevant to my previous writings.
Early English Harrisons probably came from Denmark or Norway, perhaps descended from Hakum Haroldson, father of Hendric Hakunson, Admiral of the fleet of Harold Hardrada, King of Norway. Five days before the Battle of Hastings the Admiral struck England on its Northern coast. King Harold of England sent his army and soundly defeated them. After defeat the Admiral changed sides and supported his former enemy, King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. He was killed in that battle and the Normans took over England. A grandson was Robert son of Henrick who m Eve, wealthy daughter of Herwold, son of Leafric. Since these men were on the losing side of the Norman Conquest, and Eve was or, the winning side, it was probably her influence which saved the day and the future of Robert, founder of the Harrisons, though it was usually spelled Harryson in those days. But from that time on, the Harrisons were a prominent family of England with many who had fame and fortune. Numerous ones were knighted and many were of an upper class... "to the Manor Born ".
Worth Ray in his various books and especially in TENNESSEE COUSINS gives some evidence and theory about the origins of Benjamin Harrison I of the Jamestown Colony, patriarch of the James River Harrisons. He also gives some theories about his relationship to other Harrison lines of England and America. This book has some different theories. Worth Ray also says that there were two concurrent Benjamin Harrisons who were confused into being only one. This book does not have that information about two of them. This means considerable difference in trying to put the various Harrison lines in relationship. Worth Ray distinguishes the two as Benjamin of Isle of Wight and Benjamin of Surry Counties.
This book gives as one theory that Benjamin I (of Surry) and Clerk of Court and founder of the James River line, was the son of Gov. John Harrison, of Bermuda in 1623 (the year of the great massacre in Virginia). Bermuda was then called Somers Isle and considered a part of Virginia. one problem, is that there were two John Harrisons - the Governor and Sir john Harrison a very wealthy man with lots of kids including George and James Harrison who were also in America. There was a Benjamin in Bermuda at the time of the Governor who could be his son or as one record says, "nephew of the Governor's sister". Whatever his parentage it appears that this was Benjamin I of the James River before he moved there. It also appears that Benjamin
I was educated and possessed some wealth - and made much more wealth during his lifetime. This book explores many relationships in England and makes possible connections to the various early Harrisons of America... too much to cover here!
Gov. John Harrison of Bermuda spoke of himself as a "poor gentleman". He was a military man first and then Sheriff of Bermuda and then became the Governor. He was related to the Fanshaws and Lord De la Werre (West) and his brother Francis West, and indirectly to Lord Paget, John Walstenholme and Sir Thomas Smythe. His wife was Elizabeth Wheeler, daughter of Ambrose Wheeler (also ancestors of the author). There was also Peter Harrison in Bermuda, likely a brother of Benjamin. Gov. John Harrison's sister was also step mother (?) of Sir Jerome Lindsay, Lion King at Arms. The name Jerome also brings up another Harrison known as Jeremy and/or Jeremiah Harrison, also in Bermuda and later in VA. Jeremy Harrison married Frances _____ a widow in Williamsburg, VA and she deeded land to her "brother in law John Harrison".
There is also considerable research and speculation on some of the surnames of the early James River Harrison wives in Virginia:
OTHER EARLY HARRISONS IN AMERICA. This is a compilation of interesting Harrisons with dates who could be involved as relatives of the other Harrison lines, but are presently unclear. But too many to cover except for a few: .
1603-1667 Robert Harrison had a son Collier whose 1710 will mentions friend Benjamin Harrison. Collier's daughter later m Benjamin's son Carter... (This should be a James River Harrison with a son Carter, a surname from the famous "King" Carter.
1607 Harmon or Herman Harrison was on the 2nd ship to Jamestown. He could be father of Benjamin Harrison I instead of Gov. John Harrison of Bermuda. Perhaps of the Yardly-Gobion Harrison family... comment: Worth Ray makes considerable discussion of Harmon and says there were several of them.
|July 3, 1833||November 5, 1821|
|Signatures of Rev. Nathan Harrison|
NATHAN HARRISON'S SIGNATURES
Above, the one on the left dated 7-3-1833 is clearly Rev. Nathan Harrison of Buncombe County. This is from the Pension application of Valentine Thrash and Rev. Nathan and William Brown have signed as witnesses to the good character and personal familiarity of Valentine Thrash. The signature on the right is the same one I reproduced on p 5 of my Harrison Notes of June 1997. I figure that both of these signatures are from the same man, though the later one is more "flowery" - a pretty and well practiced signature.
Since the one on the left is clearly Rev. Nathan Harrison as shown in the texts of the pension papers, and the one on the right came from Alexander or Iredell County NC on a document concerning Joseph Harrison, where there were other Nathan Harrisons in the vicinity, the comparison of the two signatures, I believe, confirms the presence of Rev. Nathan in court of Alexander/Iredell NC and brings up speculations as to connections of the Buncombe Harrisons with the Iredell Harrisons.
Recall the document sent to us by Patricia Cothran of Asheville: Mr. Robert Work (?) or the Sheriff please-to pay over when collected ? to Robert Allen what is due me for my attendance in the suit Joseph Harison vs Wilson and others and this shall be your receipt for the same Nov. 5th 1821. Signed by Nathan Harrison and witnessed by E. R. Allen. The note itself is in the same handwriting of Nathan Harrison except for the signature of E. R. Allen (the entire note is on p 5 of June 1997 Harrison Notes).
E. R. Allen, the witness was the gggg grandfather of Patricia Cothran, Eli Reeves Allen, who later came to Buncombe in 1858.
In June I speculated on the possibilities that Nathan could have been one of the Watauga Harrisons and that the Joseph Harrison in the suit was almost certainly Rev. Joseph Harrison or his father since the Joseph Harrison of Buncombe was long dead. I could find no place in those Watauga Harrisons who had come from Iredell for a Nathan fitting the time frame.
So, the mystery deepens! What was Rev. Nathan doing in Alexander/Iredell to become involved in a lawsuit ? Was this earlier his home? and closely related to these Harrisons? Was it incidental? After all Rev. Nathan traveled a lot as a Circuit rider. Rev. Joseph Harrison was a Baptist and Rev. Nathan a Methodist. I do not know about Joseph the father of Rev. Joseph.
It is these Iredell/Watauga Harrisons who have connections with the Stewarts and presumably Isaiah Harrison Jr. Is Nathan descended from Isaiah Jr? or one of his brothers? Rev. Nathan was always closely associated with Rev. Jeremiah Harrison, also Methodist and a few years younger than Nathan. Rev. Jeremiah's obituary says he was born in Rutherford County, NC and Rev. Nathan's obituary says he was born in NC 20 Oct 1778 but family tradition in GA is that he was b in Virginia. Rev. Jeremiah's obituary says that he was 68 when he died in January 1853 making him born 1785. I do not put too much trust in the accuracy of these obituaries since Nathan's also says "He
was a cousin, as I learn, of Gen'l Harrison, late President of the United States. That is a common belief among Harrisons everywhere but it is especially strong among the Watauga/Iredell Harrisons descended from Rev. Joseph Harrison, who claim to have had a letter, now vanished, from President William Henry Harrison to Rev. Joseph Harrison, addressed, "Dear Cousin:". One researcher some years ago interviewed a very elderly descendant of Rev. Nathan and the interview was written up that she knew Rev. Nathan as a girl and he told her personally that he was a cousin of William Henry Harrison. That was probably a misinterpretation by the interviewer because the same elderly lady wrote someone else about what she had heard of Rev. Nathan and that she never knew him because he died 1853 before she was born. She reported the information about being cousin to William Henry as a rumor that had come from Rev. Nathan.
Rev. Nathan in Iredell/Alexander ... and what it implies... This requires some thought!
The Pension papers on Valetime Thrash are extensive and interesting, though generally off the subject. I have been under the impression that he was a Colonel in the Revolution and an experienced Surveyor. Much is known about him and his descendants in Buncombe and there are even photographs of him with a very long beard, (before cameras were invented?) but his pension papers reveal that he never rose above the rank of Private after 5 tours of duty in the Revolution. He did see much duty and combat but being a "Colonel" was purely honorary. He did not retain his military discharge since he was illiterate and could not read it. He signed with an X in 1833 at age 84. I doubt that he was always illiterate. It would be difficult to be a surveyor and illiterate at the same time. Perhaps he was illiterate as a young man, as he states but gained literacy later along with the mathematics necessary to be a surveyor. Perhaps at age 84 he could no longer write enough to sign his name, but his story as recorded is well narrated and intelligent and "literate".
These papers are extensive and generally easy to read. An interesting item is a three page typed letter dated June 5, 1939 to Mrs. R.A. Rainer,, McDonough, GA from A. D. Hiller,, Executive Assistant to the Administrator. This extensive letter is a summary of the contents of the file on Valentine Thrash. What a service they provided genealogists in those days! I suppose at the time that copying machines and microfilm were not yet readily available.
Valentine Thrash was born in Germany 1749. Parents not stated but they came to Maryland where his father died. Then to Orange Co. NC where he entered the service. After the war he moved to Botetourt Co. VA, that part which became Montgomery County and then 1788 (?) when he moved to Buncombe (Buncombe did not exist in 1788). He died 1835. He m Barbara Younts 1818, a woman much younger than he and she lived a long time in Buncombe as a widow receiving a his pension.
The signature of Rev. Nathan was on a short paper written by E. Hightower C.C.C. (or something similar) who was evidently an official in Buncombe quite familiar with these Pension papers. He asked all the prescribed questions and recorded his answers (extensive). The portion signed by Rev. Nathan and William Brown was
"We Nathan Harrison clergyman residing in the same neighborhood of Valentine Thrash and William residing in the same hereby certify that we are well acquainted with the said Valentine Thrash who has subscribed and sworn to the above declaration (extensive papers) that we believe him to
be eighty four years of age that he is reputed and believed in the neighborhood where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution and that we concur in that opinion. "
Mr. Thrash also stated the names of persons to whom he is known in his present neighborhood and can testify as to his character and his military service. He states that he has no living witnesses to his service but he names: Nathan Harrison, Isaac _____?, Andrew Plemmons William Brown, Benj. Ratcliff and David Roberts.
FROM THE FAMILY TREE, June-July 1997, p 16-17 A. Article GEORGIA COUNTIES IN THE LATE 18TH CENTURY, BY Prof. Merle Baker.... Burke County during the Colonial period was in St. George Parish. The Savannah River was the east boundary of Burke and the Ogeechee River the west boundary. BRIAR CREEK traversed the whole county. Galphin on the Ogeechee was located in Burke (A trading post for Indians owned by George Galphin of SC and GA). By 1760 Presbyterians had organized a church at Briar Creek and one at Old Church and Walnut Branch... Silas Mercer, Baptist was in Burke... Wilkes County was settled 1777 and known as the ceded (from Indian cessions) land. It was west of Ogeechee River and settled by VA and NC settlers... By 1786 there were many Methodists in the area. Rev. John Major and Rev. Thomas Humphries were in Burke and Wilkes. Hope Hull, a Methodist Minister from Worcester, MD established the first High School and employed a Presbyterian Minister to teach. (Rev. Joab Humphries (Methodist) of Murray Co. GA m Lydia Harrison dau of Rev. Harrison who was a circuit riding Methodist Preacher, and he named his Chapel, HARRISON'S Chapel. This was probably Lydia, daughter of Rev. Jeremiah Harrison but some think a daughter of Rev. Nathan Harrison.
Greene County was cut from Washington Co. in 1786. Many of the people there were from Rowan and- Mecklenburg Counties in NC and many of them settled on Shoulderbone Creek..
Comment: Interesting. I recall that in Mecklenburg at both Providence Presbyterian and their neighboring Harrison Methodist Church there was a movement from those churches to Greene County, GA including some Harrisons and most notably the John family which moved back and forth several times between the two places. Since the churches were advocating this settlement of Green Co. GA, I presume there was some religious purpose or opportunity. Perhaps this was part of the motive of Harrisons of the Mecklenburg area and the nearby York SC and Rutherford NC area to move to GA and then return, such as Harrisons and their relatives. I recall that Brier Creek was a site for such movement. Actually, this area of GA was near future Augusta GA and at the head of navigation of the Savannah River and well known with roads from Mecklenburg through Newberry SC and on to Augusta. Today Augusta is famous for its great golf courses and tournaments but I doubt that they played much golf in those days! George Galphin was important because of his good relationships to Creeks and Cherokees. He had several wives, white, black and Indian and many mixed blood offspring who were free men and women and inherited from him considerable property and prestige. FROM JUANITA DALRYMPLE. She is the expert on Dalrymples and the early settlers of Newberry SC and a regular correspondent of mine. She also has a special_ interest in York Co. SC and nearby NC.
A map of early surveys near Sharon SC (York Co. SC). This is a portion of York and it includes Clarks Fork of Bullock's Creek on the western border but does not cover much of anything to the west of Clark's Fork. This shows the surveys around main Bullock's Creek north of the junction with Clark's Fork, Stephensons's Creek, Buckhorn Creek and Beaverdam Creek. Some of these
surveys are large enough for considerable information about other owners to be written in. like one on Clark's Fork east side, William Wright 450a to Moses Wright in 1773 to John Davidson to Samuel Gordon (part of) 1774. One of the most impressive things about this map is that the Byers owned most of it and increased their ownership over the years. There are many different Byers, all adjacent to each other covering quite a few thousand acres. (I reported on Byers in the area in Harrison Notes of August 1997, p 15. They came from Augusta Co. VA and m Alexanders in Mecklenburg NC. On p 13 of that paper I wrote of Barrons of that area and others - information from Betty Jo Hulse.
There were a few in this area not named Byers: Stephensons, Kennedy, Dickey (also from Mecklenburg area), Meeks and Caldwells.
Another similar map with grants shown is labeled Early Surveys on Headwaters of Fishing Creek. This also involves York Co. SC on the north and Chester County on the south and this is a bit to the east and south of the above map. (Both maps come from NORTH CAROLINA LAND GRANTS IN SC Vol II by Brent Holcombe). This map shows Fishing Creek on the east but consists mostly of branches of Fishing Creek coming from the west in both counties. I find some names of interest to me as far as my Johns(t)on genealogy of SC but little concerned with Harrison kin. A few items:
Richard Carroll 1763 150a on the Saluda Road, Robert Lusk 1772. (tusks show up in Madison County NC connected to my wife's Ebbs on Spring Creek.
Also from Juanita Dalrymple from the same books:
Vol I. p 5. John Carroll grant 100a Fishing Creek on Keykendall's line 1769. (Keykendall/Kirkconnell was a surveyor of the area and this family later with others were involved in Buncombe as owners of the Buncombe Turnpike and in other turnpikes)
p.5. James Craven File #1867 Grant 483 Bk 22, p 114, 200 a S. Packolate about 3/4th mile above Alexander KILPATRICK'S land where he now lives 23 May 1772... comment: I have run into another Craven in the area. I suspect the same family as Cravens so closely related to LGT Harrisons. We know that they too were in the area such as m to Maggie Black from Augusta Co. VA, and Cravens also in early Buncombe
p 41. David, Walter and John Davis with several grants Tygar River and Fishing Creek. One was adjacent to Robert Miller's land 1766 and 1767.
p 53. John Jarrot 194 a Broad River on Bullock's Creek including an island 1768. I understand that Jarrett/Jarrot and Garrett are the same name.
ALSO FROM JUANITA. DAR APPLICATIONS FOR CATHERINE NICKELS DAVIS McIVER. This paper is from a professional genealogist and I believe it was in a stack of material done by Leonardo Andrea. This is the material for several ancestors who qualify as DAR ancestors. Perhaps the main subject is Colonel James Williams of Newberry SC, a hero of the Revolution and killed at King's Mountain. I will not go into that as irrelevant except for one thing. There is a story that after he was killed at King's Mountain his widow married a Harrison. I have written that up in the past, as a possibility... I think we can now say that this was an error. His widow was Mary (Wallace) Williams and both were from Granville Co. NC where they married. She died 1800 and is buried in the Williams Family cemetery on the old plantation under her Williams name... I am very happy to have this Williams genealogy. I too have Williams ancestry of Newberry SC but there has been much confusion because of several different lines of them in the same church as my Johns(t)ons.
Now I think I have it straight. This family was pretty well killed off in the Revolution as far as most males, though a number of women survived and married into the aristocracy of Newberry. But there was some male survival to carry o the name.
Col. James Williams was the son of Daniel Williams and Ursula Henderson of VA. Daniel was the son of John Williams and Mary Keeling of VA and these families were involved in the ancestry of the Harrisons of THE VENTURERS. Col. James, after his father Daniel died, was reared by an uncle John Williams who was very much involved with the Transylvania Company of Daniel Boone and others, to settle Kentucky.
I have previously written about Davises of this area and some of the same Davises moved to Buncombe NC... but I do not know whether this is true of this line of Davises.
BACK TO GORDON KINSHIP.
STEWART-STUART FAMILY, beginning p 113. This writeup does not show a connection to the Stewarts who married into the early LGT Harrisons but perhaps with a few more generations added to the Stewarts who may very well be our ancestors, we might arrive at the very early and regal Stewarts of this chapter.
The Stewart/Steward/Stuart family derives from a line of hereditary stewards from which occupation they took their name. Considered loosely Anglo-Norman, but also Breton Lords of Dal who were Stewards there. Banquo - the one the witches in Shakespeare's Macbeth forecast as the ancestor of Kings - was the earliest ancestor traced by some British Scholars and he became a thane of Lockaber and had two sons: Fleance fled to England for protection and aid when his father was killed by Macbeth. Fload had a son Alan.
Alan FitsFload (son of Fload), nearly all agree, was the founder of the Stewarts. He m a daughter of the Warine, Sheriff of Shropshire but it could have been that he m Aveline, dau of Ernulf de Hesdin from Picardi. This is before feudalism came to Great Britain with its hierarchy of duty and privilege. Their son William became Sheriff of Shropshire - the King's main officer which was usually a hereditary job. His brother Walter FitzAlan became the steward of the Royal household and was given numerous grants in Scotland. They come into the Royal picture thus:
In 1306 Robert The Bruce was crowned King of Scotland. He had two marriages with an heir from each. Marjorie daughter by the first marriage married Walter Stewart and they had a son who followed his uncle as King Robert II. Matilda, Margaret and David were of the 2nd marriage. Matilda (as Mauld) was given Fyvie and became Lady Crawford-Lindsay. David succeeded his father as King David. Robert the Bruce died in 1329.
Robert II above was the first Stewart King and that of Scotland - not England. His half brother before him, King David sent Adam Gordan to England as plenipotentiary to treat for peace. There were several more of the House of Stewart to follow as King of Scotland, then King James I, a Stewart, was captured by the English in 1406 and ransomed in 1424 leaving a Gordon as
hostage to take his place to guarantee King James I's behavior. We come down to King James IV who died in 1513. He married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England. This was the basis for the claim of King James VI of Scotland to the throne of England after the death of Queen Elizabeth I. But it was Elizabeth's half sister Mary, Queen of Scots, who claimed the English Throne and was beheaded by Elizabeth and Mary's son James VI of Scotland replaced Elizabeth at her death and became James I, King of England and Scotland and brought the Stewarts to the dynasty of Great Britain. He was succeeded by his son Charles I but Cromwell came along and Rev. Thomas Harrison handled the theology and General Thomas Harrison handled the beheading of King Charles I and Cromwell and the Harrisons took over for a time. The Stewarts were the Kings and Queens of England and Scotland. Queen Anne was the last of the Stewarts. She had numerous children but none survived and her throne went to George of Hanover via his mother, Sophia, grandaughter of King James I. The House of Stewart/Stuart was no more and the house of Hanover took over.
p 27. HAYS Family. Hays is Scots and they go back before 1000 AD and were Picts and Scots in origin but when they became peers in the 12th Century they were de la Haya. An early one; William De la Haya who possessed a large estate in Lothian at the end of the 12th century, and he was "pincerne regis" to King Malcomb IV. and William de Lyon. He married Julianna daughter of Randolf, Laird of Liddlesdale .... I mention this because of the Delahayes discussed in LGT especially on p 217. Thomas Harrison, son of Isaiah Sr, and founder of Harrisonburg, VA was married to Jane Delahaye, a Huguenot (maybe not) family from Talbot Co. MD and the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Sussex County Delaware - where the Harrisons were at Maiden Plantation .... but the Maryland Harrisons, a different line from the LGT Harrisons, also married several times into the Delahaye Family. These Harrisons of Talbot Co. MD came from Charles County Maryland and this had created some confusion, causing researchers to associate these Harrisons with the LGT Harrisons... I have run into that error in the case of Joseph Harrison of Buncombe who was erroneously traced back to Charles Co. MD and with further confusion - Charles City County, VA thus making him a James River Harrison.. wrong of course. On the other hand. William Harrison, the lawyer and inn keeper of very early Salisbury, NC (CAROLINA CRADLE) came from this Charles Co. MD bunch, and he had descendants in Spartanburg SC - getting close to the York SC Harrisons such as Joseph!... LGT goes into these Harrisons along with the Calvert Co. MD Harrisons who were Quakers from PA. Page 218 and 219 also go into the confusion of these families, and also goes into their connection with the Harrisons of Botetourt Co. VA (THE KINGDOM OF CALLAWAY Harrisons)... so.. now I wonder are the Delahayes Huguenot in origin as LGT says, or are they = Scots in origin - the Hays a bit Frenchified with titles? It was worthwhile to review these pages in LGT.
THE GORDONS. Since the book is mainly about Gordons, and we have no special interest in them, I will treat them briefly. In 53 B.C. Caesar in his COMMENTARIES notes the Gorduni in and about Ghent. He praises their military prowess and he appointed one his lieutenant in Macedonia and there was a Macedonian City named Gordonia. By 1100 an Alexander Gordon was Bishop of Galloway and Archbishop of Athens. There are many historical early references to Gordons in various parts of Europe. Gordons were in France and later in Scotland yet are considered a Scottish Clan. They came to Scotland about the time of King Malcomb but there were several King Malcombs. Perhaps they
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