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Charles W. Johnson.

8514 Rockmoor, San Antonio, Texas 78230
© 1997 Charles W. Johnson, M.D.
TOC Part 2

THE KINGDOM OF MADISON, A Southern Mountain Fastness and its People, by Manly Wade Wellman. Reprint with additional material by Ralph Roberts. Obtainable from Old Buncombe Co. Genealogical Society, P O Box 2122, Asheville, NC 288022122. Price $ 12.95 plus $2.00 S & H.

This is a great book! We have been trying to get a copy for some years but it was out of print. Now it is reprinted. The author, now dead, was one of NC's best known authors of magazine articles, stories, fiction, and mystery novels. He lived and worked in Chapel Hill, NC but spent his summers in Madison County for many decades. Ralph Roberts is another writer and publisher who lives near Weaverville, who also writes about the area and a long time friend of Wellman. The book was first published in 1973.

This is not a genealogy book, though it contains some and it touches on some of our relatives. Beautifully written and hard to put down. I will touch on sane information especially pertinent to us. Though this is Madison County, he does not exclude those who were nearby in Buncombe Moreover, many of our Harrisons and kin lived near the border of Madison and by 1850, all of the Harrisons who were left in Buncombe moved to Madison County. Madison then was the place to be. With the Buncombe Turnpike and the prosperity it generated, later the railroad, and the popularity of the luxury hotels of Warns/Hot Springs. Asheville was a tiny place compared to the towns of Madison: Marshall, Hot Springs, and Mars Hill, not to mention the many tiny settlements along that busy Buncombe Turnpike .and Railroad. Later, fortunes became reversed. Now Madison is shrunk in population and Buncombe is the main place with Asheville as its city.

This book contains much history I have not read elsewhere such as in HERITAGE OF MADISON COUNTY, or all the Buncombe Books.

p 14. Photograph of the mountains of South Fork of Big Pine. I think I recognize this as the spot called Worley on detailed maps. Worley no longer exists but there used to be a Post office there and Worleys still own the place the last I heard.

p 17. Small places are named including "Joe" but the author asks, "Who was he?" I happen to know. He was Joe Balding. This was on Meadow Fork Creek of Spring Creek and the vicinity of the old family "homestead" of my wife's Ebbs. Joe wanted a Post Office there and campaigned for it and got it and was made postmaster of it, many years ago. Another spot mentioned is "Guntertown". I hope to learn more about this place since the Gunters of Buncombe and Alabama were involved with Harrisons in both places and in Alabama both Gunters ad Harrisons were married to Cherokees.

p 19. Bone, Crockett and Jackson may or may not have been there (Madison), as the legends claim. But the Cherokee certainly were there, and they still axe there, or a trace of their blood is there, mingled with other bloods. Mountain men and women show the piercing eye, the chiseled profile, the proud walk that bespeake the heritage of the vanished warrior tribe.

p 26. Certainty (first whites at the hot springs) comes as of 1778, though nearby in Tennessee they had settled there ten years earlier. Henry Reynolds and Thomas Morgan, chasing Indian horse thieves from TN found them at the hot springs in future Madison, and discovered the hot springs... I mention because two years earlier, Elizabeth Harrison was born in Buncombe,, daughter of Thomas and Eleanor Harrison - or so she said in later life as

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the wife of Rev. John Grantham. Not only Madison but all of Buncombe was pretty destitute of whites in 1776 but perhaps full of Cherokees with a few Indian Traders and perhaps missionaries ... also at this time, Methodism was virtually non-existent in America so they would have been of another denomination.

p 27. They (early settlers) seemed to have taken little thought about establishing formal claim to their homesteads...

p 28. A historical study of NC population by decades, made in 1940, indicates that as of 1790 upwards of a thousand people lived here and there along the mountain slopes in the Warm Springs area and beyond. At the same time, not so many as two hundred had homesteaded in the area where Asheville would soon be a reality.

p 30. Buncombe considered that the Warm Springs lay within its borders. Similar claims were made by Greene County organized to westward in what was still NC during 1785. Greene County militia units built a string of blockhouses up the French Broad in 1792 with the two easternmost at Paint Rock and the Warm Springs though they patrolled as far into Buncombe as the Laurel River. (Paint Rock, just a couple of miles from Hot Springs turned out to be on the border of NC and Greene County, TN... (comment: So, some of the history of Buncombe and Madison might be in Greene Co. TN since the border was not known until the survey of 1799. In a sense this puts the Harrisons of Greene Co. TN and Buncombe NC closer together in those early days and settlement of Buncombe coming from E. TN to a large extent. Also, The Harrisons of Mecklenburg NC who may have moved back and forth to Greene Co. TN were only moving from one part of the state to another.)

p 32. A cunningly worded treaty caused the Cherokees to abandon their old hunting grounds in the valley of the French Broad. John Gray Blount, wealthy and important in eastern NC moved promptly to secure for himself on 29 November 1796, a grant of 320,640 acres or 501 square miles of the mountain lands including much of the French Broad Valley all the way to Paint Rock. Exceptions were made for previous grants, but in 1798 Sheriff James Hughey of Buncombe sold the 501 square miles for delinquent taxes and the property was bought for L115,15 shillings (a penny per 109 acres) by James Strother, a friend and business associate of Blount's... comment: I think that should read John Strother who was chief surveyor of the NC/ TN border in 1799 and secretary to Blount. He turned around and gave most of the property back to Blount and in Strother's Will he gave much more to Blount. I do not know of a James Strother though perhaps there was one.

Interruption for john Strother's Will. This was published p 46, May 1997 A LOT OF BUNKUM. Book E, P 42 Buncombe Wills. This is marked (copy) and was recorded 20 September 1902 -though evidently this was earlier recorded March 1, 1816 by which time he was noted as deceased, in Buncombe (destroyed in a courthouse fire?). The Will is dated 22 November 1806. He states that he is of the County of Buncombe. His beneficiaries were John Gray Blount Senior of the Town of Washington and the State of NC to wham he left his lands lying in Buncombe on the Big Pigeon River and the Ivy River... his brother George Strother.. to Flora Inman.. to my stepbrother, James Lockhart his lands in Tennessee.. to Col. William Polk of Raleigh (a US. Senator as I recall) and William P. Anderson of TN... to my mother, Mary Lockhart. Witnessed: JAIL HANKINS, John Drake. (James Hawkins, my wife's egg grandfather and surveying partner of John Strother on the 1799 NC/TN border and 1808 (date?) of the Haywood/Buncombe border - reveals a probable close friendship perhaps in their earlier life of Fincastle/Botetourt Co. VA)... Comment: This very late re - recording in 1902 could have something

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to do with a Federal court case involving the details of the NC/TN border survey with John Strother as head surveyor. His surveying notes which also contained much interesting information about the social life of the survey, were involved in this court case and I understand that his original notes are available yet in the Federal Court located in Asheville... I understand that John Strother was unmarried on that NC/TN Survey of 1799 and he was the only one who was not married, but I also understand that he later married to a daughter of Col. Turner (Taylor) who was a great friend of the Cherokees and in Haywood... did John Strother's wife die before him with no children? or was it after this will of 1806 that Strother married... which would considerably foul up his very extensive bequests?

p 32. The 1799 survey of the NC/TN border. TN had been created in 1796 but it was three years later that the survey was done following the crests of the mountains from the intersection with VA to Paint Rock and later down the French Broad from Paint Rock to more civilized areas. The Strother notes stop at Paint Rock, where the survey party took a long break to permit the men to go home, since most were close at that point. The survey party kept changing its composition since it was largely composed of prominent politicians who did not continue for the whole survey as did John Strother and James -Hawkins. Other members were Col David Vance, General Joseph McDowell, and Major Mussendine Matthews of Iredell County. Also Robert Henry, who at age 15 had been in the hot forefront of the American attack at King's Mountain (and associated with the Harrisons of Clark's Ford of Bullock's Creek in his area). Henry would both teach school and practice law in Buncombe and to live to age 98 in the year of Gettysburg.

The party assembled on Pond mountain at the Virginia border on 20 May, 1799. Major Matthews spoke or the victory at Kings Mountain in terms that struck Vance and McDowell and Henry, as patronizing. They began writing their stories of Kings Mountain and Henry also added his experiences of the Battle of Cowan's Ford . ... Apparently these accounts also included their stories of the NC/TN Survey and these reports still exist (somewhere but I do not know where). For one part of the survey their guide proved incompetent and they were lost. They ran into Robert Love, brother of Thomas Love who was on the survey and he proved very valuable since he knew the countryside. (I believe that both Robert and Thomas Love were working with or for Gov. Blount as was Strother).

p 37. Tells in several pages about the travels of Bishop Francis Asbury on repeated trips from TN to Warm Springs to Buncombe with emphasis about his comments on the terrible roads though improving remarkably over the years. He was accompanied by other ministers in the party and sane different ones each year. p. 40. In 1802 "this time riding with William McKendree, a Kentucky minister who later became a Bishop."... Aha!.. so William McKendree was in Buncombe with Bishop Asbury and at the right time to meet future Rev. Thomas Harrison who was about to move to St. Clair Co. IL and name a son William McKendree Harrison! ... p 41. 16 Oct 1807 Bishop Asbury and Rev. McKendree were in Warn Springs and on Oct 26 made a 32 mile ride from Warm Springs to Asheville. Comment: I do not know about the accuracy of the statement about McKendree being from Kentucky. He was earlier in Culpeper and other areas of VA with Bishop Asbury (close to Harrisons of Augusta Co. VA). I think he did go to Kentucky later and then on to IL but headquartered in KY and had McKendree College named for him near Rev. Thomas Harrison of St Clair Co. IL.

p 47. 7b Spring Creek, that flowed into the French Broad River at Warm

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springs, came young Samuel Lusk in 1808 from his father's home in Asheville, to take up a hundred acre tract. He was followed there in 1813 by his brother William Lusk, then by William Garrett in 1816, and C.C. Askew a relative of the Lusks by marriage, in 1820. (William Garrett m Elizabeth Harrison, daughter of Joseph Harrison and Margaret Hill)

p 49. Samuel Chunn, once jailor and the chairman of the Buncombe County Court, became President of the Buncombe Turnpike. Serving with him was George Swain, and James Patton. $20,000 in stock shares was sold. This was about 1823... comment: I assume that this is true but I have previously given other names for the founders/investors of the Buncombe Turnpike. Perhaps both sets are true, but two different groups at different times and perhaps different organizations. Curious... p 51. Robert Brazier, former assistant state engineer, was employed to survey route of the Turnpike.. but James Allen a member of the House of Commons in 1826 and 1827 still operated that older turnpike built across precarious heights by Hoodenpile and Barnard. Allen vigorously protested Brazier's survey... perhaps this is a partial explanation for discrepancies in ownership - two or more different turnpikes. But it was the later turnpike which prevailed and was made into a big success. There were lawsuits which went to the State Supreme Court and perhaps there were some corporate mergers or buyouts.

p 52. James Mitchell bought land on both sides of the French Broad about 1827 along the French Broad and along the Buncombe Turnpike. This became the famous "Alexander's" hotel, stock stand, town and he also built a bridge across the French Broad. (This is north of Asheville and downstream, perhaps ten miles). Comment: Also at Alexander's was Davis' Ferry, I believe, though I think another was downstream in future Madison. There still is Davis Park on the east side of the river with some stone ruins which suggest a boat landing and other facilities perhaps connected with Alexander'S before the bridge was there or after it washed away a few times in floods. Alexander's was a large facility and a settlement, especially with the bridge/ferry. This linked nearby Harrisons,, Hawkins, Sluders, Alexanders and many other of my wife's ancestors and relatives on the west side of the river with "civilization". There is currently a very substantial bridge and heavily traveled at this location in the suburbs of Asheville and Weaverville. p 54. Full fifteen stands (stock stands to service the animals "marched" along the Turnpike to market in SC and GA) were strung at intervals along the 47 miles west of Asheville,, each operating as a store and factory. (Meaning between Asheville and the Tennessee line at Paint Rock.)

p 56. Matthew Woodson who had taught the Vance boys at their former hone place on Reems Creek, migrated to Lapland (future Marshall, the County seat) and opened a new school there. Zebulon Vance (future Civil War Governor of NC) was a problem because he had learned to swear, probably the shining example of visiting stock-drovers at his father's large Inn and Stand. Comment: Rev. Matthew Woodson, Baptist of Goochland Co. VA was my gg grandfather.. I wonder if this later Matthew Woodson,, school teacher, was descended from my gg grandfather... To punish young Zeb, Woodson set him at a mouse hole, a pair of tongs in his hands, with orders not to move or speak until he had caught the mouse. The other pupils were busy at their spelling lesson when Zeb made a darting swoop and unregeneratedly cried, "Damned if I haven't got him" .... There were few Methodists around but they included Mitchell Alexander, the inn-keeper, the Askews of Spring Creek and the Lowry's of Sandy Mush (friend of Bishop Asbury)

p 61. John Patton, owner of the Warm Springs Hotel, gave young Zeb Vance a job as desk clerk at his hotel in 1844 (I suppose by then he had learned

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to control his swearing)

p 73. (Writing about the Inns and Stock Stands along the Buncombe Turnpike). ..the chums, the Barnetts, the Barnards, the Rices.. Another stand was built near the mouth of the Laurel, half a dozen miles from Jewel Hill, by David Farnsworth. His wife supervised a kitchen that promptly became famous.. I mention because Rev. Nathan Harrison had a daughter who married a Farnsworth, but we do rot know her first name nor the first name of her husband. This could be he and his wife, Harrison the great cook... The mouth of the Laurel is about at Stackhouse which is a beautiful home and former RR stop and close to Sandy Bottom where Jesse Harrison had his property and his son John developed the Barytes Mine and mill. Stackhouse also developed Barytes mining on his property. Perhaps 5 miles upstream from Hot Springs - as the Crow flies. The Laurel and the French Broad in this area is now developed into a white water Kayak course.

p 93. Civil War times, c 1860. Few men were left in the county. Most were in the military, Union or Confederate or in hiding from one another. NC was Confederate but Madison County was a hot bed of Union sentiment and the site of smuggling of slaves and citizens north to join Union forces. Buncombe was rather firmly in the hands of the South. Knoxville was pro Union. Warm Springs was occupied by Union forces for much of the War.

p 98. As some of Kirk's men (Union forces) prowled unchallenged in the Laurel section, they spied the cabin of the widow Nance Franklin, built of logs and set up on posts, on a trail east of the present day settlement of GUNTERTOWN The Franklins defended against these yankees and her sons were all killed in the process... p 100 Many fled east of the Blue Ridge for safety in Burke County.

p 106. (Politics after the Civil War) The Union League, powerful and well organized, upheld Republican official its many -members .in Madison were frank to say that, if a man didn't belong to the Union League, he was bound to be one of the Ku Klux Klan.. The only Ku Klux Klan incident was the flogging of a black adherent of the Republican Party, but the Klan was known and feared. There was a poem:

But this was malicious libel; the Deavers have never been distinguished for running away from anything. They did come face to face with one formal rebel.. He was James Lunceford who was somewhat distinguished when he fought for a Texas Artillery regiment and listed as a confederate hero. He returned from Texas after the war and founded a school near the Ivy River. It was an "Academy of higher learning". Tuition was paid in produce in this post war era. One of the students was a slim straight girl named Lourta Leah Buckner,, whose widowed mother was a Deaver. She and Lunceford fell in love and wanted to marry but this took some doing to get the approval of the Deaver family who were unionists. Deavers were devout Baptists and Lunceford a Methodist. Finally they married with the Deavers approval but that entailed Lunceford becoming a Baptist - which he gladly became, and they lived happily ever after.

p 125. I.N. (Isaac Newton) Ebbs, Madison County's superintendent of schools, issued an address in emphatic terms to his board of education in 1891.

Nothing, in my opinion, short of compulsory school law will accomplish that which was contemplated by the law giving us our free school system.

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Then, as a matter of right to its citizens and their children, is it not the duty of the State to see that those children, for whom these taxes are levied and collected, are put and kept in the free schools during their continuance? Our greatest need is to have all our children in the free schools - that is what these schools were inaugurated for; then have parents the right to formulate plans by which the children are kept out of school, and the curse of ignorance, the greatest of curses, augmented day by day? Let

parents, let school officials, let the great state of North Carolina answer."

I.N. Ebbs was my wife's grandfather, a lawyer of Hot Springs and a farmer of Meadow Fork and a State Senator. His Hot Springs house was next door to Dorland-Bell school, a private Presbyterian high school, where his children attended and so did my wife in the next generation.

p 145. About Mountain Music and its derivations. .. Strother's journal of the 1799 survey does not hint of old songs at stops along the trail. Robert Henry mentioned, but did not sing, an old ballad when he told of King's Mountain - that was what he called "Barney Lynn" describing it as a "blackguard song" used as a signal while scouting the British.

p 153. Obray Arlin Ramsey was born in the upper Laurel Valley in 1913. (He is a rather famed musician and collector of folksongs. His ancestry traces back to Martin Shelton who lived in a hollow tree before 1800, and his mother proudly claimed a quarter strain of Cherokee blood... comment: he was one of the two founders with his brother of the Sheltons and intermarried with Ramseys, carrying the Cherokee strain. No doubt many of the present residents of Buncombe have Ramsey and Shelton blood. A Ramsey was an effective Sheriff in chasing down illicit stills being operated by the mountain men after prohibition.

p 198. Zeno Ponder, hone from Army service World War I, upstanding, tawny, was a chemist a dairyman, and a Democrat. (Few- Democrats in Madison County). He became the power behind a Democrat resurgence. He organized and sought out old democrats in the area, during the depression, and he was successful. His brother, E.Y. Ponder was elected Sheriff and Dr. William A. Sams was elected to the legislature. This started a dynasty of Ponders as political leaders (bosses?) of Madison County.

The secondary author, Ralph Roberts, has good things to say about the Ponders including the news that they are his cousins.

FROM ANNE GEORGE of Preston, Maryland. She found my HARRISON NOTES on Becky Bonner's HARRISON REPOSITORY on the Internet. She has sent her Maryland line of Harrisons to me to see if I have more information on them. I do. There is an extensive article on this family in HARRISON HERITAGE (now defunct), June 1982, beginning p 289. I wrote about this family when I reviewed HARRISON HERITAGE in HARRISON REPORT of January 12, 1994, p 11. I commented briefly about there being a Jeremiah Harrison in this family as well as in the Westmoreland VA Harrisons.

Though the HARRISON HERITAGE article and the article Anne George located are about the same family and same names and dates and such, there is quite a bit of difference of approach of the two articles. The HERITAGE article covers more descendants and rather meticulously, whereas the other article ROBERT HARRISON OF BAY HUNDRED, TALBOT COUNTY by Irma S. Harper and R. Berneice Leonard, goes more into their trials and tribulations and is more personal and this is in considerable detail. Together they are a great writeup of this family. Moreover, since there are other Maryland Harrison families, they appear to be unrelated.

Another point of interest in this family is that early on they answered

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to both Harris and Harrison, though apparently later on they went by Harrison.

September 26, 1672 John Cooper proved four rights for importing Thomas Hall, ROBERT HARRIS, Charles Lane and PETER HARRISON, but he promptly signed these rights over to Edmund Webb. These were apprentices. Then John Poore took over Robert Harris/Harrison age 15 and went to court to find out how long the indenture would be. The court said 7 years.

Robert 1655-1717 died in Bay Hundred, Talbot County, MD. He m 21 August 1683, Alice Oliver, dau of James and Mary Oliver of Prouse's Point. Robert, after his apprenticeship acquired several small plantations and through his wife's inheritance, acquired more. There were some humorous names for these places, such as "Haphazard", "Mount Misery", "Mount Misery Addition", and "Crooked Intention".

In 1699 Robert went to court with an orphan Mary Mason. She was daughter of Thomas Mason decd and age 7. He was made guardian and she was apprenticed to him.
Children: (variously went by Harris or Harrison )

  1. James m ? and had James and John Harrison
  2. Frances m Charles Jones
  3. John m Mary Dawson
  4. Robert m Elizabeth _____.They had among others
    • Joseph Harrison m Elizabeth Haddaway, a widow and they had among
    • others
      • Joseph Harrison m Mary Harrison a third cousin and dau of Thomas Harrison and Mary Porter. He died 1815 leaving 5 children, including
        • JEREMIAH HARRISON 1794-1880, owner of passenger and freight boats plying Chesapeake Bay.

This all continues in detail for-a number of pages. One feature of this family is that very few have left the colony or the state of Maryland. One who did was Wilma Bessie Weston b 1917 who m John K. Maddy of Marion County, Iowa. He is the author of the article for HARRISON HERITAGE.

I have written previously about Harris/Harrison. See Feb. 1996 Notes and THOMAS HARRISON OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY CENSUS 1800 dated 1-21-1993.

ROWAN COUNTY REGISTER, May 1997, p 2751. Rowan County Loose Estate Papers. Phillip Cecil 1812. Dower of Julia Cecil, widow of Phillip Cecil, 50 acres alloted to the widow. Editor's Note: On the 1809 Rowan Tax List of Capt. Phil-lip Cecil was charged with 150 acres. This was on Rich Fork of Abbott's Creek, which is in present Davidson Co. NC... so a Captain Gunter in this area. This early area could be the source of Gunters of Buncombe and of Guntersville, AL, where intermarried with the Thomas Harrison family with Cherokee wife.

A LOT OF BUNKUM, May 1997, p 27. BRITISH TORIES OR REVOLUTIONARY WHIGS IN COLONIAL NORTH CAROLINA by Susan Lewis Koyle and Patricia Lewis Cramer. This is about the North Carolina Regulator Movement and its crushing defeat after the Battle of Alamance in 1771 by Gov. Tryon and his troops. The defeated Regulators, about 3000 of them, were required to take an oath to take up arms for the King if required. This was allegience to King George III and the defense of his government. Among the leaders of the Regulators so required, were: Jeffrey Beck Sr., William Moffitt, PEA CRAVEN, David Jackson, Stephan Harlon, THOMAS CRAVEN, Harman Husbands (The intellectual leader), and Rednap Howell (poet with a price on his head by Tryon).

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p 29. The will of Jeffrey Beck Sr. lists five names of friends. David Jackson and William Moffitt were made guardians of his children. Peter Craven, Thomas Craven and Stephan Harlon witnessed the will. These were friends and neighbors for many years.

During the Revolution a few years later, David Jackson was a Tory. He refused to take an oath to the Americanist cause and had his property confiscated and he was hanged. He was a Captain in the Tory Army.

William Mofitt was a road commissioner along with Jeffrey Beck to build a road from Cox's Mill to Collins Road in 1763. At a Regulator Meeting at Deep River he and others confronted the Deputy Sheriff, John Wood and helped organize the Regulators (Deep River was a Baptist Community headed by Rev. Phillip Mulkey who moved to SC and later a Tory).

William Moffitt helped write the original Regulator document and along with PETER CRAVEN he was indicted in Hillsboro Superior Court for their activities in the Regulator Movement. He lived across the river from PETER CRAVEN"S Pottery factory.

PETER CRAVEN appears in the records of Buck's Co., PA along with Jeffrey Beck. He migrated to Augusta Co,, VA in 1744 where he stayed until 1753. Peter was a Staffordshire potter and had a pottery shop in Randolph County, NC by 1761.. He refused to take the oath of allegience to NC in 1774.

THOMAS CRAVEN was the eldest son of Peter Craven b 1742 Bucks Co, PA. He too was a Tory in the Revolution and refused to take a loyalty oath to the NC Revolutionary Government.

Peter Craven appeared to be a Tory but he shows up on pay records as a patriot of the Revolution.

A map shows Deep River and these Regulators who lived there. It also shows Sandy Creek very .lose. Sandy Creek Baptist was- t-he first Separatist Baptist Church and parent of all of today's Baptist churches. Deep River was the 2nd such church and Abbott's Creek Baptist the third such church. These were in what is now Randolph Co. MC with the exception of Abbott's Creek Baptist which is in present day Davidson County, next door.

Comment: These Cravens were in Augusta Co. VA but earlier in PA, so relationship to the Cravens of the LGT Harrisons is questionable. So, let us consult SETTLERS BY THE LUNG GREY TRAIL:

p 126 Reference is made to Peter Cravens ... Peter School Gent appointed to take the list of tithables lower part of Augusta County, 1744 as far as John Harrison and round ye pocked mountain through ye gap to ye North mountain at Peter Cravens..

p 252-256. Chapter on Cravens. The Cravens who came with Harrisons to Augusta - Robert and his sister Margaret, came from Sussex Co. Delaware, as did the Harrisons and Stewarts. However, LGT goes into the Cravens in England and perhaps Scotland/Ireland in considerable detail. This was a very prominent family like Lord Mayor of London, Earls and such yet not shown as direct ancestors of those of Sussex Delaware. Also sane in New Jersey and in PA but how they were connected not shown. Perhaps HOUSE OF CRAVENS goes into that, but I do not have that part of the book... Another early Cravens to locate in Augusta Co. VA was one Peter Cravens who resided at North Mountain and mentioned along with John Harrison (Sr.) (above, p 126)... ordered that a road be cleared the nearest and the best way from the end of William Curravans (Cravens?) Road on his plantation to William Bryans on Roan Oak and that Bryan with Peter Cravens be overseer.

p 253 ... It is said that Peter Craven with two brothers, came from England to Pennsylvania and that a short time before the Revolution he and

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his family together with five other families removed to NC and settled near Deep River. Peter had six sons, the eldest being Thomas, b 1742 d 1817.

Interesting that Sir William Cravens of England was close to King Charles II (who had Thomas Harrison the Regicide beheaded). He was an Earl and Craven County SC named for him). Rev. Thomas Harrison, father of Isaiah Sr. was on the other side of the political spectrum, being a buddy of Cromwell, who was overthrown by Charles II.

LGT goes into other New England and New Jersey Cravens... p 255, One of the sons of Richard (Cravens), the immigrant, according to Shourds, settled in Delaware. John and Ann Craven are mentioned in the will of David Stewart of New Castle Delaware 14th November 1776. Arm was the daughter of Stewart.

p 256. No Richard Craven appears on the Augusta VA records, neither is any relationship known to have existed between Robert and Peter Cravens

p 257. Robert Cravens bought his lard in Delaware of SAMUEL STEWART. and later in Augusta Co. VA was associated with one of this name, along with John and Daniel Harrison, in laying out the Indian Road of 1745... Robert's removal from Delaware to Orange Co. VA (prior to Augusta Co. being formed) occurred about 1739. On the first of June, that year, he placed his Sussex Delaware land in the hands of his attorney, JAMES HOOD for sale .... Here we have Stewarts, Hoods, Cravens and Harrisons all together.

The other names mentioned in the article are not found in Augusta County, VA but some of the surnames are. p 522 tells about a Beck of MO whose wife was Harriett Graham Harrison 1855-1934. She told the story of corning with her father to MO. They started down the French Broad in his boat to the Tennessee River, to the Ohio River to the Mississippi River to St. Louis where they boarded a steamboat for Miami Station -and-settled, i.^. Carroll, County, MO. Her father was Daniel Harrison and grandfather David Harrison who was son of Capt. Reuben who was son of John Harison Sr, son of Isaiah Sr. I cannot figure out why they started their voyage in Buncombe County, if they did, on the French Broad River ??? Of course this was late in the 1800 's. No date of this voyage but since she remembers it and she was b 1855 it was probably about the time of the close of the Civil War. This story seems a bit unbelievable. A boat that would take a family that far must have been good sized but the French Broad is often only a foot deep! Maybe they came from Greene County, TN or thereabouts where the river is deeper. The French Broad joins the Tennessee in Knoxville so that could have been a very short trip on the French Broad and a very long trip the rest of the way. Perhaps they were never in Buncombe to start the trip.

As to the other names: Moffetts were in Augusta Co. VA. Bishop Asbury told about staying with Col. Moffett and the Harrisons in Augusta (p 246 LGT) but this was some years after William Moffett was in Randolph Co. NC. There were also Jacksons in Augusta but no David Jackson in LGT index. No Harlons or Husbands in LGT Index. No Sittons. No Yorks of the proper time period.

I find this very interesting because of the Regulator Movement and their involvement in it. The NC Regulator movement has long been a favorite subject of mine since my Johnson/Mason/Lewis/Teague ancestry is all involved with that movement, and in fact, it was largely a Separatist Baptist movement of passive resistance. Herman Husbands, the intellectual leader of the movement, wrote a rather sophisticated book about it. NATHAN HARRISON'S SIGNATURE. In my June 1997 Notes, p 5 1 showed an actual

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signature of Nathan Harrison of Nov 5, 1821, sent to me by Patricia Cothran, and I speculated about whether or not this was Rev. Nathan Harrison of Buncombe or Nathan Harrison of Iredell County, NC. In an attempt to get a Rev. Nathan signature to compare, I recalled that Rev. Nathan had furnished documents while in Buncombe for the pension applications of Thomas Forster (ancestor of my wife) and Valentine Thrash, whose abstracts of pension applications are in BUNCOMBE COUNTY HERITAGE. So, I wrote off for Valentine Thrash's pension papers, hoping to get Rev. Nathan's signature. I got an answer back that the forms for getting pension records have been changed and the forms I used were no longer good and they sent "proper" forms. So, I am still waiting, but since I know that application exists, I am hopeful to get a copy with signatures... someday!

FROM BETTY JO HULSE. She made a trip to the IDS Library in Santa Monica to pursue the above information and Nathan's signature in Iredell County. She found information on all of those people mentioned in the receipt that Nathan signed. She also found information on Jeremiah Harrison of Iredell but not on Nathan. She did find Nathaniel there and presumes that Nathan = Nathaniel in this case, but since a number of these people from Iredell ended up in Buncombe, the issue is confused. She would like to pursue the legal case for which this receipt was issued, since we do not know what it was about.

The Wilsons of Iredell lived on 4th Creek-- John and John Jr., Sam, Alexander and James. John Work of the 1796 Land records was deceased.

The Loyalty Oaths which were required of residents in 1779 .. Quakers, Moravians, Mennonites and Dunkards took oaths which did not obligate them to defend the Government... Interesting that they considered oaths important and valid even when obtained by threat of execution. I guess the idea was a choice: Take the oath and abide by it or death - a -choice: This as we have seen did not apply to the oath NC Regulators had to take. They had to swear to defend England and King George III. Most were apparently serious about their oath even though given under threat of hanging. Many of the Regulators became Tories a few years later and supported the king - though many did not.


A 164-166. 20 Mar 1790. Hugh Campbell to Joseph Harrison for 40 pds 100a in Rowan on main branch S Yadkin, part of 300a granted 8 Oct 1784 adjacent Archibald Wasson & Aaron Freeman, who bought the other 200a. Wit: Aaron Freemamn ... Comment: This should be Joseph Harrison II, father of Rev. Joseph Harrison of the Watauga Harrisons... Aaron Freeman has 14 deeds of land he acquired in Buncombe from 1803 to 1848. Could be more than one Aaron Freeman. Aaron in the Turkey Creek, Bear Creek and French Broad area. No Archibald Wasson deeds but several other Wassons in Buncombe County Deed Index. As I understand it. Aaron Freeman had an Indian wife and/or Indian blood, and was an Indian Trader.

A 171-172. 5 Sept 1789. David Dickey (Dickie) to Tunis Hogland from Mecklenburg Co. for 40 pds, 50 a on Elkshoal Crk. Solomon Hood, William Wadoo... Dickeys show up in York Co.,, SC and Camden SC associated with Harrisons in York. Tunis as a name is derived from Dutch, as in Tunis Hood... and here is Solomon Hood who has Tunis Hood as father (or grandfather?). Solomon is a "lost" branch of the Hood family, perhaps moved to Burke Co. as I recall and may be ancestor of "stray" Hoods. Had LGT Harrison ancestors. Did Solomon Hood go to Iredell for a time?

A 593-595. 8 Feb 1790 Thomas Millsaps to Wm. Keeton 2500 wt. good tobacco

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