Mother: Nancy HANKS
The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had to struggle for a living and for learning. Five months before receiving his party's nomination for President, he sketched his life:
"I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families--second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks.... My father ... removed from Kentucky to ... Indiana, in my eighth year.... It was a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew up.... Of course when I came of age I did not know much. Still somehow, I could read, write, and cipher ... but that was all."
16th President of the U.S. assasinated probably by John Wilks Booth in Ford Theatre.
As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Further, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause.
On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy.
Lincoln never let the world forget that the Civil War involved an even larger issue. This he stated most movingly in dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg: "that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain--that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom--and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
Lincoln won re-election in 1864, as Union military triumphs heralded an end to the war. In his planning for peace, the President was flexible and generous, encouraging Southerners to lay down their arms and join speedily in reunion.
The spirit that guided him was clearly that of his Second Inaugural Address, now inscribed on one wall of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C.:
"With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds.... "
On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre in Washington by John Wilkes Booth, an actor, who somehow thought he was helping the South. The opposite was the result, for with Lincoln's death, the possibility of peace with magnanimity died. [from the White House website ]
Many believe that Abraham's real father was Abraham Enloe, who stood over 6 feet tall, with dark eyes and hair. Enloe, of Rutherford Co., NC, was the owner of a large amount of land, and also the father of 16 children. Abraham Lincoln's mother, Nancy HANKS had been bound out for raising with the Enloes. Enloe arranged for a man named Michael Tanner (believed to be Nancy's father) to bring Nancy and little Abe back to Oconoluffte, where Enloe came up with a solution to his predicament. Enloe arranged for an illiterate and shiftless sawmill worker named Tom Lincoln to marry Nancy and to provide her and the baby a new home in Kentucky. It is said that Enloe gave Lincoln a pretty good sum of money, a set of mules and a wagon and set them in the direction of Kentucky. A Methodist minister named Jesse Head, married Tom and Nancy in 1806. It is said that the minister testified that the Lincolns left their wedding with a little black headed boy. Abraham Lincoln reportedly confided in a friend that his right name was Enloe but that he had always gone by the name of his step-father. See: http://www.blueridge.net/~chadm/index.html [S320] [S499]
_John "Virginia John" LINCOLN __+ | (1716 - 1788) _Abraham LINCOLN Capt._| | (1744 - 1786) m 1770 | | |_Rebecca FLOWERS _______________ | (1720 - ....) _Thomas LINCOLN _____| | (1778 - 1851) m 1806| | | _Alexander HERRING (HERRON) Jr._+ | | | (1708 - 1778) | |_Bathsheba HERRING ____| | (1742 - 1836) m 1770 | | |_Abigail HARRISON ______________+ | (1710 - 1780) | |--Abraham LINCOLN PRESIDENT OF USA | (1809 - 1865) | _Joseph HANKS __________________ | | | _ HANKS _______________| | | | | | |_Nancy Ann______________________ | | |_Nancy HANKS ________| (1784 - 1818) m 1806| | ________________________________ | | |_Unnamed_______________| | |________________________________
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