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4th Alabama, CSA

4th Alabama
Infantry Regiment, as well as the 15th, 44th, 47th, and 48th
Regiments, is taken from Willis Brewer's Alabama : her history,
resources, war record and public men, from 1540 to 1872.
Spartanburg, SC : The Reprint Co., 1975.]

Searching for families of:

Jackson County -- R. B. Linsey - killed at 1st Manassas; 

LINDSAY, Lewis E. [Lindsey]   Capt, Co. K *KIA, 1st Manassas; 
        Bham Age; NARS K roll; Oates; Hudson* /merchant/
LINSEY, R. B.            Capt *KIA, 1st Manassas; Brewer; 1st
        Captain from Jackson County*

SCRUGGS, Lawrence Houston (13 June 1836-) Capt, Co. I; Major,
        Lt Col *Wounded, Malvern Hill, Chickamauga; NARS I roll; 
        Huntsville I roll; Oates; elected Major, 30 Sept 62; promoted,
        Lt Col, 3 Oct 62* /cotton merchant/

HARRISON, James          Pvt, Co. D *Enlistment expired 25 July  
        62; Coles; NARS; At Gaines Mill, fell into a ditch with 23  
        Yankees, shot one, and captured 22 men, with one captain!*  ,37,
HARRISON, Josiah W.      Pvt, Co. D *Hudson*
HARRISON, William H.     Pvt, Co. C *Wounded, 1st Manassas; Bham
        Age; Vaughn, p.574*

The 4th Alabama Volunteer Infantry Regiment

was organized at Dalton, Georgia, on 2 May 1861 with troops from
Conecuh, Dallas, Jackson, Lauderdale, Macon, Madison, Marengo,
and Perry counties. Sent immediately to Virginia, they were
mustered into service for twelve months at Lynchburg on 7 May
and proceeded to Harper's Ferry for training. They later were
transferred to Winchester where they became a part of Brigadier
General Barnard E. Bee's Third Brigade, of which the 2nd and
11th Mississippi, the 1st Tennessee, and the 6th North Carolina
were the other regiments. They were moved forward and
participated in the 1st Battle of Manassas where the 4th Alabama
took a prominent part, losing 38 killed and 208 wounded out of a
total of about 750 engaged. They lost all of their field officers in
that engagement, including General Bee, who gained fame for
first calling Brigadier General Thomas J. Jackson "Stonewall."
Bee was succeeded by Brigadier General W. H. C. Whiting.

The 4th spent the winter at Dumfries and re-enlisted for three
years in January, 1862. They were reorganized in April and moved
over to the vicinity of Norfolk. The regiment was engaged both
days at the Battle of Seven Pines, losing 8 killed and 19 wounded.
Two weeks later, the brigade was sent to the Shenandoah Valley
only to return with Stonewall Jackson's corps against the Union
flank. The unit was hotly engaged at Cold Harbor, losing 22 killed
and 108 wounded out of 500 present; losses at Malvern Hill were

    R.T. Coles's History of 4th Regiment,
     Alabama Volunteer Infantry, C.S.A.,
             Army of Northern Virginia

                 Voices of the Civil War Series

 Published by The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville 

"Coles's History, edited by Jeffrey Stocker, is a fourfold
barnburner. It is a story of one of the Confederacy's premier
fighting units. Coles was there, and in his manuscript, never
before published, tells it like it was. Unlike too many
post-Civil War regimentals and reminiscences it is graceful,
narrative history at its best, while Stocker's notes inform
but do not overwhelm." - Edwin C. Bearss, special assistant
for military sites, the National Park Service

                    The 4th Alabama Volunteer Infantry was
                    among the most famous and hardest
                    fighting regiments in the Civil War - and
                    one of the few military units to see action
                    in both the western and eastern theaters of
                    the conflict. As part of Lee's Army of
                    Northern Virginia, it fought in every major
                    engagement in the East - Manassas,
                    Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg -
                    before joining General James Longstreet's
                    First Corp in the West for such battles as
Chickamauga and Knoxville. Returning to Lee's fold for the
bloody campaign of 1864, the regiment saw the war through
to its conclusion at Appomattox.

This book represents the first publication, in its entirety, of
Robert T. Coles's stirring history of the 4th Alabama. As the
regiment's adjutant, Coles had intimate access to its
day-to-day functions and decision-making processes,
including its relationships with other Confederate units. His
account not only details battles and strategies but captures
the human drama of soldiers engaged in front-line combat.
The swiftly paced narrative is marked by engaging turns of
phrase - Antietam, Coles says, was "a perfect homespun
Waterloo" - and by an eye for the poignant detail: Coles
describes how, upon learning of Lee's surrender, the men of
the 4th Alabama tore apart their bullet-torn battle flag ("our
precious old rag") and distributed the pieces among

In editing Coles's history, Jeffrey D. Stocker offers
extensive notes that provide background details and
alternative perspectives on the events and individuals Coles
describes. In addition, Stocker has included unedited
accounts of three key battles - First Manassas, Gettysburg,
and the Wilderness - by other members of the 4th Alabama.
These elements combine with Coles's narrative to create an
informative and richly textured volume.

The Editor: Jeffrey D. Stocker is a practicing attorney in
Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. He is currently writing a history of
General John Bell Hood's division at the battle of Gettysburg.

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