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ALABAMA COUNTIES



County Name
Date Established
Origin of Name
County Seat
ballAutauga
November 21, 1818
American Indian Village of Atagi
Prattville
ballBaldwin
December 21, 1809
Sen. Abraham Baldwin/GA
Bay Minette
ballBarbour
December 18, 1832
Gov. James Barbour/VA
Clayton
ballBibb
February 7, 1818
Gov. William W. Bibb
Centreville
ballBlount
February 6, 1818
Gov. Willie G. Blount/TN
Oneonta
ballBullock
December 5, 1866
Col. Edward C. Bullock
Union Springs
ballButler
December 13, 1819
Capt. William Butler/Creek Wars
Greenville
ballCalhoun
December 18, 1832
Sen. John C. Calhoun/SC
Anniston
ballChambers
December 18, 1832
Sen. Henry C. Chambers/AL
Lafayette
ballCherokee
January 9, 1836
American Indian Tribe
Centre
ballChilton
December 30, 1868
Confederate Cong. Wm. P. Chilton
Clanton
ballChoctaw
December 29, 1847
American Indian Tribe
Butler
ballClarke
December 10, 1812
Gen. John Clarke/GA
Grove Hill
ballClay
December 7, 1866
Sen. Henry Clay/KY
Ashland
ballCleburne
December 6, 1866
Major Gen. Patrick Cleburne/AR
Heflin
ballCoffee
December 29, 1841
Gen. John Coffee
Elba
ballColbert
February 6, 1867
Chiefs George & Levi Colbert
Tuscumbia
ballConecuh
February 13, 1818
American Indian word
Evergreen
ballCoosa
December 18, 1832
Town of Alabama Indians
Rockford
ballCovington
December 17, 1821
Brig. Gen. Leonard Covington/MD
Andalusia
ballCrenshaw
November 30, 1866
Judge Anderson Crenshaw
Luverne
ballCullman
January 24, 1877
Johann G. Cullmann
Cullman
ballDale
December 22, 1824
Gen. Samuel Dale
Ozark
ballDallas
February 9, 1818
A.J. Dallas, US Sec. of Treasury/PA
Selma
ballDeKalb
January 9, 1836
Major Gen. Baron DeKalb/Am. Rev.
Fort Payne
ballElmore
February 15, 1866
Gen. John A. Elmore
Wetumpka
ballEscambia
December 10, 1868
American Indian name/river
Brewton
ballEtowah
December 7, 1866
Cherokee Indian name
Gadsden
ballFayette
December 20, 1824
Marquis de LaFayette
Fayette
ballFranklin
February 6, 1818
Benjamin Franklin
Russellville
ballGeneva
December 26, 1868
Geneva, Switzerland
Geneva
ballGreene
December 13, 1819
Gen. Nathaniel Greene/GA
Eutaw
ballHale
January 30, 1867
Col. Stephen F. Hale
Greensboro
ballHenry
December 13, 1819
Gov. Patrick Henry/VA
Abbeville
ballHouston
February 9, 1903
Gov. George S. Houston
Dothan
ballJackson
December 13, 1819
Gen. Andrew Jackson
Scottsboro
ballJefferson
December 13, 1819
Pres. Thomas Jefferson
Birmingham
ballLamar
February 4, 1867
Sen. L.Q.C. Lamar/MS
Vernon
ballLauderdale
February 6, 1818
Col. James Lauderdale/TN
Florence
ballLawrence
February 6, 1818
Capt. J. Lawrence, USN/VT
Moulton
ballLee
December 5, 1866
Gen. Robert E. Lee
Opelika
ballLimestone
February 6, 1818
Limestone Creek
Athens
ballLowndes
January 20, 1830
Cong. William Lowndes/SC
Hayneville
ballMacon
December 18, 1832
Sen. Nathaniel Macon/NC
Tuskegee
ballMadison
December 13, 1808
Pres. James Madison
Huntsville
ballMarengo
February 6, 1818
French battlefield
Linden
ballMarion
February 13, 1818
Gen. Francis Marion/SC
Hamilton
ballMarshall
January 9, 1836
Chief Justice John Marshall
Guntersville
ballMobile
December 18, 1812
Named for Maubila Indians
Mobile
ballMonroe
June 29, 1815
Pres. James Monroe
Monroeville
ballMontgomery
December 6, 1816
Major L.P. Montgomery/TN
Montgomery
ballMorgan
February 6, 1818
Gen. Daniel Morgan/VA
Decatur
ballPerry
December 13, 1819
Commodore O.H. Perry/RI
Marion
ballPickens
December 20, 1820
Gen. Andrew Pickens/SC
Carrollton
ballPike
December 17, 1821
Gen. Zebulon M. Pike/NJ
Troy
ballRandolph
December 18, 1832
Sen. John Randolph/VA
Wedowee
ballRussell
December 18, 1832
Col. Gilbert C. Russell/Creek Wars
Phenix City
ballSt. Clair
November 20, 1818
Gen. Arthur St. Clair/PA
Ashville
ballShelby
February 7, 1818
Gov. Isaac Shelby/KY
Columbiana
ballSumter
December 18, 1832
Gen. Thomas Sumter/SC
Livingston
ballTalladega
December 18, 1832
Town of Creek Indians
Talladega
ballTallapoosa
December 18, 1832
American Indian name
Dadeville
ballTuscaloosa
February 6, 1818
Chief Tuscaloosa
Tuscaloosa
ballWalker
December 26, 1823
Sen. John W. Walker
Jasper
ballWashington
June 4, 1800
Pres. George Washington
Chatom
ballWilcox
December 13, 1819
Lt. J.M. Wilcox/Creek Wars
Camden
ballWinston
February 12, 1850
Gov. John A. Winston
Double Sprgs.

AUTHORITIES:
Alabama Department of Archives and History. Alabama State Emblems, n.d.
Alabama Department of Archives and History. Official and Statistical Register, 1979.
Rogers, William Warren et. al. Alabama: The History of a Deep South State, 1994.

See also this fabulous Relief Map at Auburn University.


Alabama History On-Line

http://www.archives.state.al.us/counties.html
Revised: 9/20/95


The Harrison Genealogy Repository http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~harrisonrep

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