Peter Hammond – Northumberland County, Va.
Peter Hammond (6/27/1752 – 2/28/1816) – Laurens County, S.C.
And Their Descendants
(Updated 2012, 2015)
Lucy Hammond Wylie was my aunt but she was actually like my grandmother. My family would visit Lucy and her husband Steve at their home in Cartersville, Georgia every few months. We almost always visited around holidays and there was always a big meal as part of the visit. At times Lucy would send me to retrieve something from the “slave cupboard.” One day I asked Lucy why she called it the slave cupboard and she said “Because it was built by slaves on the Hilton plantation.” I stored that information in my mind and thought no more about the cupboard. When Lucy died I inherited the cupboard. Occasionally I would look at the cupboard and ask myself, “Who were the Hiltons?” That started my genealogy work. As you will read in this paper, Emsley Hilton and Cassandra Atwood Hilton were my great great grandparents. As to the plantation and details of the cupboard, that is lost to history.
For those familiar with this lineage, there are two areas where this paper departs from traditionally held beliefs. The first is the birthplace of Peter Hammond - Laurens County, South Carolina. According to “Memoirs of Georgia” Peter immigrated to America from Ireland but findings of this research indicate that although this lineage may have originally come from Ireland, Peter's ancestors and not Peter himself were the immigrants. The second item of departure is the parents of Rebecca Cheek. DAR records, for which there is no supporting documentation, show Rebecca as the daughter of William Cheek. Research for this paper found information which cast doubt on this previously held belief. The Will of Willis Cheek (Laurens County, S.C. Will Book A, Page 154) list as one of his daughters, Rebecca Hammonds with four children. There could of course have been two Rebecca Cheeks who married a Hammond and had four children but this is improbable. This author accepts Willis Cheek as the father of Rebecca Cheek Hammond.
The names of my direct lineage are shown in bold print followed by a short biographical sketch of that ancestor. Hyperlinks are included in this paper to conveniently provide additional or supporting information. Also, Newspaper articles, letters, and other information related to the extended Hammond family are provided after the bibliography.
Peter Hammond (Northumberland County, Virginia)
Knowledge of the Hammond ancestry begins in Colonial Virginia with Peter Hammond (? - 1788) and Elizabeth ____. Peter was a planter in Northumberland County, Virginia where he and Elizabeth were presumably married. There are genealogy documents on the internet that provide ancestral information from this Peter back to the 1600’s but the author of this paper had no independent verification of this lineage and therefore did not include it in this document.
At some point in time Peter left Virginia and moved to North Carolina. Peter's Will was written in Rowan County, NC on March 1, 1788 and proven there on August 9, 1788. Peter left his land to his son Peter to be received at Elizabeth's death. The six known children of Peter and Elizabeth were:
1. William (10/25/1742 - ?)
2. Sinah/Sarah (10/7/1745 - ?) m. Mr. Durrum
3. Elizabeth (5/25/1749 - ?) m. Mr. Waters
4. Peter (6/27/1752 - 2/28/1816) See Sketch
5. Mary (9/3/1755 - ?) Will indicates she was married to John Harrison
6. Elijah No birth record; listed in Will as a son.
Peter Hammond ( Laurens County, South Carolina )
Memoirs of Georgia provides information indicating that Peter Hammond - Laurens County came to America from County Clare, Ireland. Research for this genealogy paper, however, found information contrary to this account. Peter's date of birth is documented in the family Bible as 6/27/1752. Northumberland County, Virginia birth records show a Peter Hammond born to Peter and Elizabeth Hammond on 6/27/1752. Because the name and birth date shown in the family Bible agree exactly with the Northumberland County birth records, the author of this paper chose to discount the information found in Memoirs of Georgia and accept instead Northumberland County, Virginia as Peter's place of birth. There may be those who choose to believe the Memoirs account but no matter his origin, there is no doubt about the lineage from this Peter to the present day descendants.
Laurens County property records show land purchases by Peter Hammond totaling 575 acres and one sale of 100 acres; the first purchase being in 1792. The Hammond farm was located on the north and south sides of Beaver Dam Creek, and is shown on an 1820 Laurens District land plat surveyed by Henry Grady D.S. Peter was married to Ann (Nancy) _______ (3/29/1753 - 6/19/1827). To the union of Peter and Ann seven children were born.
1. William (1/13/1777 - 1824) m. Elizabeth Robertson (1775 – 10/?/1852). Other genealogy work provides information on William and Elizabeth. They along with their son Richmond, their grandson Richmond F. and other family members are buried in the Hammond cemetery in the Beaver Valley area of St. Clair County, Alabama.
2. Rhody (10/31/1779 - ?) m. 8/19/1796 William Robertson (1778 - ?).
A. Berryman (? - ?)
B. Sarah (1799 - ?)
C. Nancy (5/22/1802 - ?)
E. William, Jr. (10/21/1811 - ?)
F. Rhoda (4/?/1813 - ?)
G. Peter (2/?/l815 - ?)
H. Elizabeth (3/?/1817 - ?) .
I. Luncinda (9/27/1820 - ?)
3. Sally (10/18/1781 - ?) m. _______ Garrett or Barrett
4. Ann (Nancy) (10/4/1783 - ?) m. John Mcharg
5. Elizabeth (Betsy) (9/30/1786 - ?) m. _______ Barrett or Garrett
6. Peter (12/14/1792 – 4/15/1844) m. 5/12/1816 Millie Robertson (1/4/1799 – 7/6/1850)
daughter of John Robertson and Mary Couch. Peter and his family moved from Laurens, S.C. to Jefferson County, Alabama during the 1830’s. An interesting story concerning Peter’s son Andrew Jackson has been passed down through his descendents. The story, as told to Mrs. Myrtice Norris by one of Peter’s great granddaughters, is that one-day two men were traveling through Jefferson County and stopped by the Hammonds’ place. The two men ask if they might have food and lodging for the night. As was the custom in those days, Jackson Hammond and his family provided them with accommodations. One of the men slept on the porch and the other man slept in the barn with the horses. The next day the men continued on their journey. Later Jackson and his family learned that the two men were none other than Frank and Jesse James.
Some of Peter and Millie’s descendants are buried in Oak Grove and Mud Creek cemeteries, Jefferson County, Alabama. Peter and Millie had nine known Children. For additional information on their descendants see “The Descendants of Peter Hammond, Jefferson County, Alabama” at the back of this paper.
7. Isom/Islam (4/28/1796 - ?) See sketch
Isom Hammond, youngest child of Peter Hammond and Ann _______was first married
3/24/1814 to Rebecca Cheek (? - 8/30/1827), daughter of Willis Cheek.
To the union of Isom and Rebecca, four children were born.
1. Cassandra (1/1/1815 - ?) m. Andrew Massey (also said to have married a Parson)
2. Bethany (7/7/1816 - ?) m. John Lindsey
3. Lucinda (1/10/1819 - ?) m. ________ Murphy
4. Peter (10/3/1821 - 3/19/1906) See sketch
Isom's second marriage was to Millie Barker. Children according to Memoirs of Georgia:
6. Catharine m. David Kennedy. (Paulding County Georgia 1860, 1870 Census.) Catherine’s sister Pamelia is shown living with them in the 1860 census.
8. Amelia or Pamelia
The 1850 Laurens SC Census shows Milly Barker (looks like Willy) as the head of household (no Isom) and the children listed are:
5. Rebecca Delong (25) with a two year old son William Delong
6. Katharine (age 18)
7. Elizabeth (age 15)
8. Pamelia (age 12)
9. William (age 10)
There is a conflict with the name of the seventh child, Nancy vs. Elizabeth.
Isom was born on the South Carolina homestead where he was raised a farmer and spent most of his life. His father, Peter, willed the entire homestead to Isom. Isom died in Spartanburg, South Carolina. Why he left the Laurens homestead later in life is not known. Laurens County deed and probate records show brothers William and Peter could write (signatures). No records were found showing either Isom’s signature or his mark.
Peter Hammond (Bartow County, Ga.)
Peter Hammond (10/3/1821 - 3/19/1906) son of Isom Hammond and Rebecca Cheek married Miss Elizabeth (Betsy) Hilton daughter of Emsley Hilton and Cassandra (Cassy) Atwood. Information on Elizabeth’s parents (Atwood and Hilton) is included at the end of this paper along with two letters written by Elizabeth’s uncle, J. J. Atwood, Jr. In those letters there are references to Peter, Emsley and Cassandra (Cassy).
Peter and Elizabeth left Laurens County, South Carolina in 1844 and moved to Cass (now Bartow) County, Georgia where in 1845 they took up 40 acres by a land grant, the lot No. 905, one half mile northeast of Stilesboro depot. To this they added 300 acres by the purchase of other grants, making their total 340 acres, and extending from the depot to their home place at the mouth of Raccoon Creek. According to his biographical sketch in Memoirs of Georgia, Peter was deprived of an education while growing to manhood. Bartow County land transactions show Peter signing with "His Mark." Despite this educational handicap, Peter was a successful farmer and a prominent citizen of Bartow County. Peter, Elizabeth, and other family members are buried at Raccoon Creek Baptist Church in Bartow County, Georgia. To the union of Peter and Elizabeth, nine children were born, all listed in the family Bible.
1. Robert(11/19/1842 - 3/25/1856)
2. Mary Lizzie (4/6/1845 - 9/11/1906)
3. William (7/13/1848 - ?) m. 12/21/1871 Nancy Mahala Smith
A. Florine (1888 - ?) m. 1906 Charles F. Gresham
5. John E. (7/23/1853 - 1916) m. 4/25/1882 Martha J. Milam
A. Kate (4/16/1883 – 8/17/1972) m. Samuel Charles Candler
1. Samuel Charles Candler, IV (1923 – 1924)
B. John Frank (10/?/1889 – 1956) m. 8/5/1910 Marian R. Brumby.
6. Rebecca (4/3/1855 – 5/24/1917) m. Joseph Forester
A. Mary Forester m. C. W. Sprouell
7. Henry (1/26/1858 - 11/26/1886) m. 11/5/1884 Elizabeth Tinsley (7/14/1865 – 7/27/1920)
A. Ruby Eunice (3/1/1886 – 12/27/1910)
8. James Monroe (3/21/1860 - 11/21/1934) See sketch
9. Peter Jr. (7/2/1865 - 6/22/1941) m. 4/30/1891 Zula Davitte
A. Samuel Davitte
James Monroe Hammond
James Monroe Hammond (3/21/1860 - 11/21/1934) son of Peter Hammond and Elizabeth Hilton married 12/17/1890 Miss Mattie Bell Foster (12/25/1868 - 10-24-1951) daughter of Green B. Foster and Martha F. Hayes of Forsyth County, Georgia. They were married for 44 years and spent their married life in Bartow County, Georgia. They, and many other family members, are buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery in Cartersville, Georgia. To the union of James and Mattie, seven children were born.
1. Henry Foster (1/5/1892-8/20/1956) m. Fannie May Long (3/20/1895-2/?/1985)
A. Dorothy Francis (11/29/1913 - 1/20/1920)
1. Hilton Clover m. Bonnie Avers
a. Hilton Teal
b. Troy John
2. Dorthy Anne m. William Schultz
a. Monica Anne Schultz m. Constintine Pappas
C. James (Jim) – no children
2. Lucy Lee (8/29/1895 - 4/1/1979) m. Stephen James Wiley (8/1/1896 - 5/2/1978) Lucy and Steve had no children of their own but in many ways they were like parents to Lucy's younger brother Joe, and somewhat like grandparents to Joe's children. Steve carried Joe to school on his first day, taught him how to drive, and so forth. Lucy, Steve, Annie Sue, Doc, and Joe were all very close. Steve and Lucy lived their entire lives in the Cartersville, Georgia area.
3. Annie Sue (8/24/1897 - 10/1/1957) m. Dr. Hancel (Doc) Caldwell (11/30/1888 -8/6/1945) Doc was a veterinarian and worked for the Federal Government for many years. When Annie Sue's father died, Doc resigned from his job, and he and Annie sue moved back to Cartersville, Ga. and lived with her mother. Doc went into private practice there. No children.
4. Mary (1/18/1901 - 8/29/1901)
5. Rebecca (1/18/1901 – 8/17/1901)
Elizabeth (Sister) (2/18/1904 - 2/22/1981) m. Hugh Elliott Smith
A. Betty Jo
7. Joe Thomas (8/29/1910 - 8/31/1977) See sketch
Joe Thomas Hammond
Joe Thomas Hammond (8/29/1910 - 8/31/1977) m. 3/18/1939 Hazel Blanche Knight daughter of Grady Hugh Knight and Lura Bama Garner. Joe was reared in Cartersville, Georgia and moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 1937 where he went to work for the state highway department. Later he worked for Robert and Co. Engineering. While with Robert and Co. he worked on the Bell Bomber Plant (later Lockeed). In 1945 Joe went to work for the Georgia Power Company where he worked for thirty years before retirement. Joe was also an excellent cabinetmaker and made many items for the family and friends. Joe was a member of the Stone Mountain First Baptist Church. Hazel was an active member there. Hazel was a housewife until 1965 when she went to work for Stone Mountain Park where she worked for about thirty years.
Joe and Hazel had three children.
1. Martha Blanche (7/20/1940) m. 9/10/1960 Persville Jiles McNatt, III
A. Jiles (6/17/1962) - Surname legally changed to Jaco in Richardson, Texas in 1984.
B. Barry (8/8/1963)
Martha and P.J. divorced in 1966
Martha married Charles Jaco of Richardson, Texas in May of 1969.
C. Joey Lynn (2/28/1970)
Martha and Charlie divorced in 1982. She and the children live in Texas.
2. Joseph Thomas (3/30/1945) m. 4/2/1966 Rebecca Ruth Robinson (2/11/1949), daughter of Harry Sanders Robinson of Gwinnett County, Georgia and Montie Miriam Rogers of Rabun County, Georgia. Tommy, Becky, and their two daughters currently live in Gwinnett County, Georgia.
A. Laura Shannon (5/24/1972) married Ross Page in 2000. Three children: Cole Hammond Page, Ireland Olivia Page, and Sterling Rayne Page.
B. Ashley Rebecca (6/1/1975) married James Gift in 2002. One adopted daughter: Myla Rebecca Gift.
3. David Hugh (2/6/1952) m. 8/13/1977 Elizabeth Jane Broome (7/3/1954), daughter of John Rhodes Broome of Lincolnton, North Carolina and Louise Estelle Johnson of Vale, North Carolina. David and Beth have an adopted son Joseph and currently live in Gwinnett County, Georgia.
1. Atwood Papers, genealogy file. Samford College Library. Birmingham, Ala.
2. Cartersville City Cemetery, tombstone inscriptions. Bartow County, Ga. 1985. Visit.
3. Fleet, Beverley. ed. "Northumberland County Record of Births." Virginia Colonial Abstracts Vol 3., p. 62.
4. Franke, Will F. affiant. Affidavit in re The Peter Hammond Bible. Jefferson County, Ala. Lewey Robinson, Notary Public. 24 August 1955.
5. Franke, Will F. memorandum “The Hammond Cemetery/ Neeley Cemetery” November, 1963.
6. Hammond, Jim and Margaret. Macon, Ga.: 1987. Interview.
7. Hammonds of North Carolina, genealogy file. Samford College Library. Birmingham, Ala.
8. Hammond, Peter. Will of Peter Hammond. Rowan County, North Carolina Estates. Will book C.
9. Hammond, Peter. Will of Peter Hammond. Laurens County, South Carolina Estates. Will book D.
10. Norris, Myrtice R. McCalla, Ala.: 1987. Interview.
11. Parrish, Donna. Cumming, Ga.: 1987. Interview.
12. Raccoon Creek Baptist Church Cemetery, tombstone inscriptions. Bartow County, Ga. 1985. Visit.
13. Southern Historical Society, Ed. Memoirs of Georgia, Vol 1. Atlanta, Ga.: Southern Historical Society; 1895.
14. Robertson Papers, genealogy file. Stamford College Library. Birmingham, Ala.
15. Shadburn, Donald L. Pioneer History of Forsyth County, Georgia, Roswell, Ga.: W. H. Wolfe Associates, 1981.
16. Weidner, Thomas. Taylors, S.C.: 1987. interview.
17. Wiley, Lucy Hammond. Cartersville, Ga.: 1978. interview.
This bibliography does not include U.S. census records or various linked Internet sites.
The Free Press
March 18, 1880, Page 3
James Hammond Stabs and Kills a Negro—Justifiable Homicide.
On Sunday afternoon, last, James Hammond, a young lad of about seventeen years of age, stabbed a negro named HARRISON CUNYUS, who died from his wounds at about three o’clock, Monday afternoon.
As near as we can get at them the particulars are these. The negro had some sort of a claim for money on Mr. Peter Hammond, father of the young man, and came to his house on Sunday afternoon for a settlement. James met him and told him that his (James’) father was away from home. The negro then became very insulting and threatened and menaced the young boy. He then went through the house and on into the kitchen and took possession of things generally, cursing and abusing the boy continuously. While in the kitchen he kicked a dog which happened to be lying near. Young Hammond remonstrated when the negro seized him from behind and was about to dash him to the floor. Hammond managed to get his knife out and made several back-handed thrusts, one of them penetrating just below the ribs in the left side.
A coroner’s jury held an inquest over the body of the negro yesterday, which returned a verdict of justifiable homicide, the evidence conclusively exculpating Mr. Hammond.
As we have before stated, the young man is a son of Mr. Peter Hammond, as worthy a man as there is in the state of Georgia, and has always borne the reputation of being a quiet and peaceable young man. The reputation of the negro was very bad.
M. Hammond weds Miss Mattie Foster
The Courant American
December 18, 1890, page 2 Transcribed by: Laurel Baty
A Marriage Yesterday.
Yesterday morning at 11 o’clock, at the residence of the bride’s father, Mr. Green Foster, Mr. James M. Hammond and Miss Mattie Foster were united in marriage, Rev. James S. Hillhouse performing the ceremony.
The bride, Miss Foster, is a young lady charming and bright and she has many friends who wish her much happiness. Mr. Hammond is a young gentleman of sterling worth, who, also, numbers his friends throughout the county by the score. The best wishes of all are extended the happy pair.
March 29, 1906
Peter Hammond, Sr. passes away at his home near Stilesboro.
Mr. Peter Hammond, Sr. one of the oldest and best known citizens of Bartow County, died at his home two miles east of Stilesboro, Monday, March 19. His final illness lasted about six weeks and was in the nature of a general break down of the system – the effect of a visitation of the infirmities incident to old age.
He was 88 years of age and was born and reared in South Carolina, the late Dr. W. I. Benham being among his boyhood acquaintances and friends. He moved to Bartow County just before the civil war and settled in Stilesboro, where he reared a large family and made a success at farming. He was a faithful and active member of “Brandon’s Chapel” Methodist Church for forty odd years, and was a citizen of considerable influence in the community in which he lived. He evinced a high sense of honor in all his dealings with his fellow-man and was sincere and frank in all his opinions and actions.
He was elected as a member of the board of commissioners of roads and revenues about ten years ago and showed in his public that probity he displayed in his everyday private life.
His wife preceded him in death several years ago. His children who survive him are Will Hammond of Stilesboro, John Hammond of Cartersville, Peter Hammond, Jr. of Aragon, Miss Mollie Hammond of Stilesboro, and Mrs. Joe Forrester of Bartow.
The funeral took place Tuesday, the remains being interred at Raccoon church burying ground.
(Note: All living children were not included in this obituary.)
James Monroe Hammond, 74, prominent Cartersville citizen, died at his home here on Leake street Wednesday night shortly after 10 o’clock following a long illness. Mr. Hammond had been in bad health for a number of years and had been confined to his home for several months prior to his passing.
Funeral arrangements have been completed and services will be held from the home Friday morning at 10 o’clock with the Rev. Guy N. Atkinson, pastor of the First Baptist church, officiating. The following gentlemen have been requested to act as pallbearers. H. L. Adams, J. P. Adair, S. G. Sexton, Mark Leake, Warren Donahoo, and W. C. Sproull.
Mr. Hammond was born in the Stilesboro community on March 21, 1860, and had passed his 74th birthday. He was the son of the late Mr. And Mrs. Peter Hammond, natives of South Carolina. He was married 44 years ago to Miss Mattie Foster Hammond who survives him. Mr. Hammond was a member of the Methodist church.
Served as Officer
For a number of years, Mr. Hammond was an attaché of the Bartow County sheriff’s office, serving as a bailiff and in other capacities. He was also a member of the Cartersville police force for several years. Mr. Hammond was a fearless officer and was a man of rare courage. He was widely known throughout this section and possessed a host of friends.
Besides his wife, Mr. Hammond leaves three daughters, Mrs. S. J. Wylie, of this city, Mrs. H. E. Smith, of Atlanta, and Mrs. H. W. Caldwell, of Union Springs, Ala; two sons, Henry F. Hammond, of Rome, and Joe Hammond of Cartersville, and a number of other relatives.
The funeral is to be held at the home Friday morning. Interment will be in Oak Hill cemetery in the family lot. Cumming-Long-Owen are in charge of the arrangements.
WILL OF PETER HAMMOND (Laurens County)
South Carolina Laurens District in the Name of God Amen-------------------
I Peter Hammond being of Sound disposing Manner and Memory but Weake of Body and caulling to mind the uncertainty of life and being deroies to dispose of Such Worley estate as it haith pleased God to Blefs Me with do make and ordain this my last Will and testament in manner following that is to Say first I Will and bequeath unto My beloved wife Ann Hammond during her Natural life the following discribed property and after her death the said property and its increase if any to be Sold at publick auction and the moneys arising thare frm to be Equaley Divided Share and Share alike among the whole of my children that is to say one Negro Man named Dick about twenty years old also one Negro Woman about twenty years old Named Peggey also one Sorrel Horse cauled Charley with Bridle and Saddle also two feather beds & furniture also two cows & calves two Ewes & Lambs one Sow & pigs all of her own chusing also one Chist one foure legged table half dozen chairs and as much of the kitchen furniture as She May think proper to keep—And I also Give and bequeath to My beloved Wife Ann Hammond the use & privilege During her Natural life all that tract or plantation whereon I Now live Settled by us and lying on the North Side of the Bever dam Creek and at her death the Said tract of Plantation is willed to my Son Isom Hammond as hereafter mentioned also one plow two axes and two hoes Secondly I will and bequeath unto My beloved Son William Hammond one Negro man Named Tom about twenty years old
Thirdly I will and bequeath to My dearely beloved son Peter Hammond one Negro boy named Sam about eaighteen years old also one feather bed and furniture Forfchly I willed & bequeath to my beloved Son Isom Hammond one Negro woman named Patiance about twenty one years old and one Negro child named George about two years old also all that tract or plantation on the South Side of the Bever Dam Creek whareon he the Said Isom Now lives as also all that other part of My plantation on the North Side of the Said bever dam creek at his mothers death witch Said tract or plantation witch is discribed in my bequeath to her the whole forming a tract or persil of Land of two hundred and fifty acres more or less Fifthly I Will and bequeath to My Beloved Daughter Rhody Robertson her ishue one negro girle named Dise about seven years old
Sixthly I will and bequeath to my beloved daughter Sally Garrett or her ishue one Negro girle Named Fanney about Eight years old
Seventhly I will and Bequeath Unto My Beloved daughter Nancey McChurg as her ishue two hundred and fifty dollars to be paid her out of the money arising from the Sale of the property Not otherwise disposed of
Eightly I will and bequeath Unto my beloved daughter Betsy Garrett or her ishue one Negro girle named Gimmey about foure years old
Ninthly I Will that all my property of every discreption not otherwise disposed of to be sold at publick auction on a credit of twelve Mounths and all of the Moneys arising thare from My Excutors hereinafter mentioned to pay to Eaich of My daughters or thare ishue the sum of fifty dollars Eaich and the remainder what ever that may be after paying all my Just debts and funeral expenses to be equally divided between My three Sons William Peter Isom Hammond and Lastly I do constitute and appoint My three Sons Wm Peter & Isom Hammond Excutors of this My Last Will and testament hereby Made in testimony whareof I have hereunto My hand and affixed My Seale this 26th day of January in the yeare of our Lord 1816 Signed Sealed published and dilivered as & for the last will and testament of the named Peter Hammond in presence of Us
Isach X Couch (his mark)
Rueben Roberson Peter Hammond L. S.
The swond [sworn| appraise bill of the goods & chattels of Peter Hammond deceased--------
South Carolina Laurens District this the 6 day of July 1827- a just and true inventory of all the goods and chattels of Peter Hammond deceased shown to us by Peter and Isom Hammond Executors
2 tables appraised at $3.50, 1 chist
appraised at $3.50, 1 Negro [ ? ] man named Dick at
$400 - 407.00
1 benjamin appraised at $35.00, 1 set of chairs appraised at $2.00, 1 womans saddle & bridle $3.00 - 40.00
the kitchen furniture & churn $0.75, 1 set of kitchen furniture appraised at $8.00 - 8.75
1 pair of fire tongs and shovel appraised at $1.50, 1 pot rack appraised at $2.00 - 3.50
[?j treys appraised at $1.00, 1 set of tubs, pails and higgins appraised at $2.50, 3 tin buckets at $1.00 - 4.50
2 smoothing irons appr. at $1.50, 2 tin pens, [pans] 1 tin bucket appraised at $0.50 - 2.00
1 set of pewter appraised at $5.00, 1 pair of fire dogs appraised a $2.00 - 7.00
1 [ ? ] cow & calf appr. at $12.00, ditto $12.00, 2 goats and lambs appraised at $4.00 - 28.00
1 sow and pigs appraised at $5.00, 1 bed stead appraised at $1.50 - 6.50
1 bed & furniture appr. at $37.50, 1 bed & furniture & cord appr. at $40.00 - 77.50
2 [ ? ] hoes appr. at $0.50, 2 axes appr. at $2.50 - 3.00
We do certify this is a just and true inventory of the property of Peter hammond deceased which was shown to us by Peter Hammond and Isom Hammond Executors —
Lewis Cargill - (seal) Mark Nobel - (seal) John Atwood - (seal)
On the Court of Ordinary for Laurens - District
It appearing to my satisfaction that the life estate left by Peter Hammond, deceased, to his wife Nancy Hammond – that the said Nancy Hammond is now deceased and by the will of the said Peter Hammond, the life estate left to his wife Nancy is to be sold and a devishion made thereof amonghst the legatees of said deceased. It is hereby ordered that the acting Executor of the said deceased do expose the said estate to publick sale on the plantation of said deceased on a credit of twelve months from the sale thare of. Given under my hand this the 6 day of August 1827
D. Anderson Ordy.
Known Descendants of Peter Hammonds
Jefferson County, Alabama
1. Andrew Jackson Hammonds (2/10/1817 SC -
12/9/1899 Ala) m.
1/25/1848 Nancy Charlotte Rogers
(9-14-1831 - 5/4/1934) 8 children
1A. Mary A. Hammonds (1850 - ?) m. Wade McPhearson
IB. Lisey Hammonds (1852 - ?) m. Ben Leatherage
1C. Josephine Hammonds (1856 - ?)
ID. Harriett Hammonds (1857 - ?) m. M. C. Fields
IE. William James Hammonds (1860 - 3/4/1933) m. Dorothy Irene Howton, 8 children
1E1. Mallsa Caldona Hammonds (1881 - 12/19/1963) m. Cary Goodwin, 8 children
lEla. Mae (1900 - ) m. William Parsons-Clifford Peyton Reynolds, 7 children
lElal. Ida Parsons (1919 -) m. Jacob Thomas Haynes
lEla2. Nell Onita (1922) m. Carl Shoemaker-Howard Doss
lEla3. Clara MaeReynolds (1930) m. Carl Curren
lEla4. Myrtice Louise (1932) m. Paul Jean Norris, 4 children
lEla4a. Michael Wayne Norris (1955) m. Anne Hall
lEla4b. Jeffery Paul (1959) m. Judy Gandy
lEla4c.Kin Lanise (1961) m. Donnie Burroughs - divorced
lEla4d. Clifford Dale (1966) m. Sonia Grogan
1Ela5. Peggy Joyce (1935) m. Clayton Qwens
lEla6. Jo Ann (1938) m. 1. Patrick O'Gara 2. Richard Agee
lEla7. Ronald Wayne (1942) m. Joan Robertson
lElb. Margaret Josephine (1903) m. Edward Lewis
lElc. Mona Alberta (1905) m. Charles Wilson
lEld. Vivian (1907) m. Bertus Harrison
lEle. Cary Coleman (1911) m. Margie Vining
lElf. Robert Monroe (1913) m. Beatrice McMickens
lElg. Roy Lee (1919) m. Margie Vann
lElh. Edna Ruth (1921) m. Charles Jackson
1E2. Olice David Hammonds (10/3/1884 - 11/26/1952)
1E3. Leila Hammonds (1888 - ?) m. Ira C. Parsons
1E4. Lena Hammonds (1888 - ?) m. Ben Kelosky. Lena and Leila were twins.
1E5. Julia Ann Hammonds (1893 - ?) m. Fleix Riley
1E6. Sally Hammonds (1900 - ?) m. William C. Deaton
1E7. Arthur S. Hammonds (1902 - 4/15/1987) m. Alpha Walden
1E8. Mattie Louise Hammonds (1906) m. John Willy Hubbard
IF. Isham L. Hammonds (1862 - ?) m. Roxie Bean
1G. Andrew J. Hammonds (1870 - ?) m. Florence Emma Bean
1H. J. Butler Hammonds (1873 - ?) m. Carrie Bean
2. Frances Marion Hammonds (11/4/1818 SC - ?) m. 2/12/1845 Mary C. Parsons, sister to Sarah C. Parsons
3. Isham Hammonds (1821 - ?) m. 12/2/1845 Sarah C. Parsons Isham died during the Civil War and is buried in Macon, Georgia.
4. Harriett Hammonds (4/12/1823 - ?) m. Caleb Gier
5. William B. Hammonds (7/21/1825 - ?)
6. Polly Ann Hammonds (4/16/1828 - ?)
7. Rhoda Hammonds (?/?) m. Jesse Graham
8. Comadore Perry Hammonds (5/29/1833 - ?) m. Martha Howton
9. Alford Hammonds (1837 - ?)
The information on the Peter Hammonds family of Jefferson County, Alabama was provided through the generosity of Mrs. Myrtice Norris.
John J. Atwood (c.1775 - 2/17/1847) first married Lucy Robertson (1785 –Feb. 1829) His second marriage was to Mary (Polly) Parker (1800 - ?). John's known children were:
1. William B. (1800 - 10/20/1843) m. Sarah Franks (6/2/1809 - 1/13/1892)
2. Cassandra (Cassy) (1802 SC - ?) m. Emsly Hilton (11/13/1796 NC - ?)
3. John Jefferson (8/3/1810 - 1864) m. Nancy Knight (2/20/1812 - ?). Two letters written by J.J. are included herein
4. Manoah (1813 - 1859) m. Sarah Lacy (1829 - ?)
5. Joseph Harvey (9/27/1815 - 9/20/1867) m. Nancy Caroline Thompson (12/31/1819 - 3/19/1893)
6. Jane (1820 - ?) m. William Robertson
7. Melmouth M. (5/4/1822 - 2/18/1903) m. Susan Sophia Crisp (8/8/1829 -10/5/1915). They are buried at Raccoon Creek Church in Cartersville, Georgia.
8. Thomas E. (1832 - 3/11/1910) m. 1. Nancy J_____ 2. Malice J________
9. Frances (1843 - ?) m. Ephrain Bailey
10. Peter B. (1836 - 5/7/1916) m. Sallie Bradfute
11. Margaret (Maggie) m. Mr. Durham
12. James (1839 - ?) m. A. L_____
13. Toliver (1844 - ?)
Several Atwood family members are buried at Shiloh United Baptist Church in Attalla, Alabama.
Emsley Hilton (11/13/1796 NC - ?) married Cassandra (Cassy) Atwood daughter of John Atwood and Lucy Robertson. They lived for sometime in South Carolina; presumably in or around Laurens County. In 1837 Emsley purchased land in Lee County, Georgia. In 1850 the family was living in Cass (Bartow) County, Georgia. In 1860 they were living in St. Clair County, Alabama. St. Clair is next to Jefferson County where Cassy's brothers lived. In 1870 Emsley and Cassy were back in Bartow County, Georgia. Emsley and Cassy had eight known children:
1. Elizabeth (11/13/1820 - 3/21/1898) m. Peter Hammond (10/3/1821 -3/19/1906). Children listed earlier in this document.
2. Lucy (c. 1828 - ?) m. Archibald Battles, Jr.
3. Jane (c.1831 - ?) m. James Kennedy (See Jane Kennedy, Paulding County, Ga. 1870 Census). James and Jane had three known children:
A. Elizabeth (c. 1856)
B. John (c. 1860)
C. James Jr. (2/16/1865 – 2/27/1933) Buried in Myrtle Springs Cemetery in Quitman, Texas. His death certificate lists his parents as James Kennedy and Jane Hilton.
James Kennedy Sr. apparently died sometime between the 1870 and 1880 census. The 1880 census for Wood, Texas shows Jane Knight living with a husband William Knight and son James Kennedy (This is James Jr. that is buried in Myrtle Springs.) These records show that Jane remarried and moved to Texas with her youngest child James Jr. and possibly other older children, the order of events being unknown. Historical information regarding James and Jane is contained in J. J. Atwood’s May 4th, 1864 letter that follows later in this document.
4. Susan (c.1833 - ?) m. Evan Henry Battles
5. Harriet (c. 1836 - ?) m. James Monroe Battles
6. Frances (Fannie) (c.1838 - ?) m. William Franklin Battles
7. John (c.1843 - ?) m. Lucy Jackson
8. Mary E. (c.1854- ?) m. 1/16/1873 William Columbus Pugh/Peugh. They are buried in the Wax Community Cemetery in Rome, Ga.
The burial place of Emsley and Cassandra is unknown.
Laurens Court House 4 April, 1852
I take my seat to answer yours of the 14 of March which I read in due time. We are all well at this time. I had given out your ever writing to me again. It has been two or three years since I read a letter from you and have wrote to you several times. I have nothing particular to write to you. I am still living in the jail and attending to the office. Josiah does the principal part of my riding. My term of office will be out next February at which time I expect to move to my place where I have carried on a farm all the time. My sons Andrew J. & Geo Toliver is going to school. I have made some money by the Sheffs office but I am unable to say what amount. I have bought 6 negroes but have not quite paid for them. Times is very hard here. Corn is not to be had this side of Blue Ridge for less tharn $1.00. In fact there is none to sell. If it ware not for the Charleston market the people would suffer in this country. By the aid of our rail road we can get as much as we want to this place at $1.05 ct. per bushel. Every thing else is plenty and cheap enough. Sugar coffee salt molases corn are here in abundance. This market next fall will compete with the Augusta & Columbia markets on account of our rail road which will be completed to this place from Charleston by the way of Col & Newberry C. House to this place which is the terminus of this branch of the road. Another branch leaves ours at Newberry C. H. runs by way of Chappels Bridge Abbeville C. H. to Anderson and Greenville C. Houses. I can take my brakefast at home & supper in Charleston the same evening a distance of 230 miles. There is nothing like a rail road running through a county. I have $200 in stock in the road & if I never receive a cent of dividend I will be the better of it tharn not to have the road. You speak of going to Arkansas or some other new country and advise me to leave this old place. In reply I would advise you to return to this county. It has become entirely a new place. Land that when you were here was worth $3.00 per acre is now worth ten & I think cheaper at ten now them it was at $3 then. Though you think mine strange doctrine I will cite you to a few places that you know. The Peter Adams place joining fathers old place there has been $12.00 per acre offered for it and refused. My place where I first settled though I added to it till I have the rise of 300 acres I have been offered $8.00 per acre but I would refuse $12 if it was offered. Yet there is plenty of land for sale & as much trading in land as ever. When the road is completed to this place which will be by September next (for it now is within 15 miles) we can put our cotton corn potatoes fruit poultry or anything we have on the cars one morning and the next morning have it in market in Charleston, sell it that day & return home the third day. the freight on a bale of cotton wont exceed $1.50cts when you know it used to cost two dollars per hundred to wagon it which if the bail weighed 350 lbs would be $7.00. Is not there $5.50 cts saved on the bail of cotton? In addition to that all kinds of fruits watermelons & corn can be thrown in the Charleston market where it will find its way to almost all parts of the world. We have quit trying to see who can tend the most acres of land to the hand, but who can make the most to the acre. Many old fields that was in sedge when you left here with a common season will make 800 lbs seed cotton to the acre. People have entirely quit clearing land, only enough for there fire wood. Logrolings are almost unherd of. Twenty acres of land will do a man as well as 80 used to. Flour & wheat is plenty at $6.50 per barrel or $1.00 per bus.
I rec’d a letter a few days back from Peter Hammond. Emsley Hiltons family & his were all well, they at or near the same place where they did when you was there. I must come to a close as time is pressing and I am very tired of writing as it is a daily occupation. It keeps me very busy to keep the writing of the office up. Tell Reubin Robertson that we are well and that I have wrote to him twice & got no answer
Yours Respectfuly J. J. Atwood
To. Jos. H. Atwood Menoah Atwood
[The following post script followed]
As for politicks we have none here at this time. All old parties Nulifiers union whigs & Democrat have all become the same. Last fall in the election for delegates to the southern convention the Seperate cececonists as fire eaters tried to make a flourish - but we met them at the Ballot Box and left them several thousand behind. Poleticks have not been mentioned since though we are all Southern Rights men and wold be in favor of Seperation with the other Southern States with us if we can't go to California with our slaves. We all claim right to 36.30.
J. J. Atwood to Jos. H. Atwood Alabama Jonesborough
[The following post scripts were written in the margins]
I had forgotten to tell you how many children we have 10-4 boys & 6 girls
Melmoth & family are all well and owns the old place. There will be a small legacy coming to you when he finishes paying for it say about $25 to each of us.
Camp Three Miles from Dalton, Georgia May the 4th 1864
I again drop you a few lines to inform you that I am well and in camp near Dalton Geo. I wrote you one letter since I left my house but recd no answer. I remained at home till the 8th of Nov. I left to join my command and found it on Look Out Mountain. On Nov. 25th  we went into battle. On the 25th and [illegible words] retreated to Missionary Ridge fought there on the 25th and retreated to Dalton. Arrived there on the 27th, a distance of about 32 miles and are here yet and probably will remain here for some time. We have been fortyfing this position for some time. We are looking for the Enemy to make a powerful effort to break through our lines every day, though they know they will have a rough bobcat to tree.
They advanced and attacked us on the 20th of February  but a few rounds from our lines and batteries drove them back to their fortifications in Chattanooga with considerable loss. They have been receiving reinforcements since and will be compelled to advance or evacuate Chattanooga. We also have been receiving reinforcements daily and have a powerful army. I can't tell what number but over fifty thousand all in fine spirits, well fed and well clothed and in good deciplin confident of a victory when they come. There has been skirmishing in front almost every day for two weeks. Wheeler's Cavalry is in our "front". Nature has fortified our postion on the ridge of the rocky faced mountains. What was left undone we finished and are ready for them. Two deserters were shot in sight of our camp today. I don't know how long I will remain in the service. My time will be out in twelve months but I think under the late act of Congress I will be retired or assigned to State duty in a short time. Two of my sons is in camp near me and is well. Josiah and Andrew Toliver is still in Wheeler's Cavalry. Lem is with Longstreet in Va. All well when I heard from them last.
Sister Cassy and Emsly [Hilton] is well as for health but I expect in trouble about their son-in-law. My folks writes to me [that] Jas Canady Jane's man has deserted and come home. [He] staid a short time and went to the Yankees in Tennessee with their other two Battles son-in-laws, and their families are going to them also. Robert Battles, John Nobel, Sam Dillard and others report they are gone. If it is true and they don't come back their lands will be confiscated and sold. You had better go back there and look for you a place again. If you will go there you can get Jas. Kennedy place at the same price Jas. & Emsly promised for it. Emsly & Cassy would be mighty glad you would go and see about it as they want a small portion of it for a home and have got the cotton to pay for it. Mr. Byers & Rowen told me that he would not sell it to any body else as long as there was any chance of their paying for it, but we all know that Jas. Kennedy will never try to pay for it now and I think if you will go out there Emsly will go to Mr. Byers with you and you can take Jas. Kennedy's place and the land at the same price. If I go home I will assist you. Mr. Byers told me he would not sell it to anybody else till he let me know it. The price is five dollars per acre and good time to pay it in. It will be worth twenty dollars per acre in a few years. Caroline make Joseph get on that mule and go back there and get him a place. He can do better there than any place I seen in all my travels. When you write direct to Tennessee Army Stuarts Division Bakers Brigade 42nd red. Ala. vol. Co. G. When you write me at home direct to Bennettsville P.O.
J. J. Atwood
I hope this paper has given some insight into these ancestors and given some sense of who they were.