A Hand Lineage from:
John (1611-) and Alice Gransden Hand (1613-)
Thomas (1646-1736) and Mary Talmage Hand ( -1744)
John (1668-1736) and Mercy Crowell Hand (-1744)
Silas (-1770) and Sarah Crowell Hand
Elisha (1752-) and Esther Teal Hand (1766-1802)
Elisha Hand Jr. (1784-1850+) and Sarah Hand Cheadle (1786- 1824)
With the lineage of
Alice Gransden Hand back three generations
Prepared by: George C. Williston
John Hand was born in 16ll in Stansted,
John Hand married Alice Gransden, daughter of Henry and Alice Gransden
John and Alice Gransden
Hand came to
The town governed itself, and originally chose
Hands apparently left
It is said in the Hand Manuscript at
CMCHGS that there were no serfs in old
John Hand had financial interest in
John Hand was one of the original
nine grantees of land at
THE CHILDREN OF JOHN AND ALICE GRANSDEN HAND;
1. John baptized 29, Jan, l633/4 at
2. Stephan 1635
3. Joseph 1638
4. Mary who married Charles Barnes before 1657
5. Shamgar about 1642
6. Benjamin 1644
7. Thomas 1646- according to his will
THOMAS AND MARY TALMAGE HAND
Thomas Hand was born in l646 ?
according to his calculation in his will- at
was married twice and there is no date for either marriage so the children have
to be placed by the following circumstantial evidence. The youngest child,
Recompense, was born in 1690; and the wife and mother apparently died as
suggested by the name. It is likely that Mary Talmage
was the mother of this Recompense Hand as has been credited by earlier
researchers as she was the first wife.Mary Talmage was the daughter of Captain
Thomas Talmage of
Thomas Hand was later married to
Katherine Tubbs (daughter of John Tubbs) or Katherine Matthews who apparently
came with the family to
was a defendant in a law suit at
Thomas Hand drowned off
In a recent history of
The site of the earliest settlement
and cemetery on
The earliest record of Thomas other than a land record is his membership on a Grand Jury impaneled 20 March, l693 at Portsmouth, NJ, This was the first court held in Cape May County, and the jurymen were allowed dinner at the expense of the county. On l Sept, l696 Thomas was made one of the trustees of the estate of Mary Fish. On the 6 Nov, l705 Thomas was commissioned one of the Justices of the Peace of Cape May County. On the 11th of February, 17l0 Thomas was commissioned Judge of the Quorum, a position he held until his death.It is obvious that he became one of the more powerful men in the county.
In a short while these men saw they
had time for other work. They turned to farming and cattle raising. Cattle
became a big business on
Hand land at
all the old land records are open in the Recorders Office at
Will and Inventory: Thomas Hand wrote his own will and signed it the 21st of October, l707. The original is with the New Jersey Archives where a microfilm copy can be obtained.The will was witnessed by Shamgar Hand, brother of Thomas, as well as John Townsend and Samuel Mathews.
By this will Thomas gave to his wife, Katharine, a third of his estate and one room in the house. Thomas also gave his wife the ?negro woman and the eldest negro boy? for the remainder of her widowhood. This sounds as if he owned three Negro slaves, but the third one is not mentioned- so that is unclear.
Thomas gave to his daughters, Deborah and Alice, 20 pounds each.In the event of the death or marriage of his wife his daughter, Deborah, was to have the Negro slaves.
The four eldest sons were given money as follows: John 40 shillings and the other three 20 shillings each-the other three were not named.
Recompense, apparently the youngest, was given ?that part of the land I now possess and impound with all houses, and other improvements.?In other words, Recompense got the most land at his father? s death.
The inventory of 1714 would be most
interesting, but is quite general. The following are included: wearing apparel,
beds and bedding, ?his negroes valued at 154 pounds?, forty four head of beef
cattle, some -------animals (unreadable), seventy eight sheep, twenty six hogs,
grain in the house, barn and field; hides and leather, the last item confusing
but the second largest amount. (the largest single category in value was the
slaves). The whole of the personal property was valued at 502 pounds British
money of the time. The inventory and estate was signed by John Poague and John Parsons; the whole attested to by Jacob
Spicer; one of the most influential men of
On March 7, 1715 a son, Recompense, asked the court at Burlington for letters of administration [the right to administer the estate] saying in writing ?I am obliged to go whaling this spring, else I would have come myself- I will present you with a bag of oysters.?- Letters of administration were granted 1st of April, l715 and 27th of Sept, l716 to Recompense Hand as shown in Book A, p 57. In this estate the youngest became both the administrator and the principle heir. Thomas Hand was very generous and forward thinking with his family as he gave his sons land; and drew up a will early enough to provide for the untimely deathwhich was his fate.
Third generation in these English colonies
JOHN HAND was the son of Thomas and
Mary Talmage Hand born at
John is assumed to have had two wives. John first married an unknown lady by whom he had Nathaniel. Neither the child or the mother lived very long. Secondly, John is said to have married Mercy Crowell, daughter of Barnabas and Abigail Crowell. That wedding andMercy?s parentage have not been conclusively proven, but this relationship is attributed by people who have made an investigation. The marriage is apparently not recorded or published. Mercy Hand outlived John by ten years as we shall see and made her will the 9th of Feb, l744. In that will Mercy named their children as follows:
Nathaniel: died before the will of Mercy
John died 18 Jan, l743
Elisha died 29 Jan, l754
Abigail married Thomas Buck
Rachel married Richard Smith l Dec, l737
Mary married James Page
Jane married James Whildin (Mayflower desc.)
Silas-our ancestor- died May, l770
Isaiah-born l723, died 28 Feb, l765 married Susanna
March, l768- married
John and his father, Thomas, were
among the prominent and powerful whaler yeomen who gave leadership and shared
in the control of
John Hand and his wife were among the organizers of the Presbyterian Church at Cold Spring in l714. This is mentioned by Dorwart and in a l989 article in the American Presbytrian. The location of a clear and cold spring was in fact a reason to bring people there on Sunday for fresh water. A log meeting house was built in l718 which was replaced by a frame building in l762 and the present brick building in 1823. In the first years a drum was beaten as a way to remind people of their religious responsibilities. The cemetery today has 14,000 graves with many Hands and people of the early families. Stones of 19th century Hand family members flank the front door on both sides.
LAND TRANSACTIONS OF JOHN HAND;John
had land from his father in l700, and may have bought land himself earlier
which is recorded in
There is an article in the Cape May Star and Wave newspaper
of the 9th of August, l958 which describes an existing house at
ESTATES OF JOHN AND MERCY HAND;Since
John Hand died without a will everything that he ownedseems to have been inherited by Elisha, the oldest son. [ Was primogeniture working here
when it didn?t prevail in
Mercy Hand made a will in 1744 disposing of her personal property; and her land was passed on by deed. The will of Mercy opens in a formal statement of her belief in the Resurrection- the ?General Resurrection?, in fact, and that she will receive the same by the ?mightypower of God.? Then each son and daughter is listed, and what she is leaving them of her personal property which was appraised by Barnabas Crowell Jr., (her brother ?), and Elijah Hughes. It is also signed by Elisha Hand, the administrator of the estate, and Henry Young- the Cape May County Surrogate.
The inventory is as follows in English money:
Cash 8 pounds 4.6
Wearing Apparel14 pounds 4.6
Animal livestock28 pounds 6.4
One Negro Man (slave)22 pounds
Total92 pds 6.10
The following are the bequests as listed in Mercy Hand?s will.
To her son, Elisha, ten shillings (and probably the land)
To Richard Smith, her son in law, one two year old heifer;
To her son, John Hand, one cow and calf and a pair of sheets
To her daughter, AbigailBuck, a chest of drawers, a warming pan
And a linen wheel;
To Mary Paige, her daughter, three sheep and one side saddle;
To her daughter, Jane Whildin, one box trap (cart?), and four shays
To her son, Juaiah Hand, one bed with the furniture (may mean theBedding that went with it) and also MY NEGRO MAN NAMED WILL, to hold him my son, Isaiah, (?), on condition that he or They shall pay my youngest son, Elihu Hand, at his arrival to the Age of 21 years, the sum of five pounds;
To Elihu Hand, her son, one bed with the furniture; also one two year old
Horse on the Two Mile beach, one cow and calf and five pounds
To her daughters, Abigail Buck, Mary Paige and Jane Whildin all my
Wearing apparrel to be equally divided;
To her sons; Silas Hand, Isaiah Hand and Elihu Hand all the remainder
To be equally divided;
Elisha Hand and Richard Smith to be sole executors,
1736 ESTATE OF JOHN HAND; It appears that the son, Elisha Hand, who wasappointedadministrator took over all debts of the deceased for land he acquired.Elishamade an accounting in l746 for paying the following debts for the estate of the deceased:
For digging the grave, coffin and grave posts;
Giving bond to the Surrogate at
Paying debts of the deceased due Nath Norton, Thomas Hand, James Page, John Crandall, Thomas Ross, John Hand and Ebenezer Newton;
For some animal being lost in the woods,
For two three year old steers which didn?t get returned to him-
Being also lost in the woods
For sixty pounds paid to Mercy Hand, widow of the deceased,
For her share of the personal estate;
For nineteen pounds paid Jane Hand, daughter of the deceased, for
Her part of the estate;
For nineteen pounds paid Rachel Hand, daughter of the deceased,
For her part of the estate;
For five pounds paid to Thomas Buck ?in right of his wife, Abigail, one
Of the deceased?s children;
For five pounds paid John Hand, son of the deceased, the remainder
Of his part of the estate;
For one pound paid James Page ?in right of his wife, Mary,? one of the
Deceased?s children as the balance of their share;
For ten pounds for his trouble in doing this business;
Silas, another son, is not mentioned nor are Juiah, Elihu, or Isaiah.
[We have to assume that they got land owned by their father].
Fourth generation in the English Colonies
There is a public record of the two marriages of Silas Hand:
28 March, l746 to
22 April, l75l to Sarah Crowell
The children of Silas listed in his will and estate are: Elias, Elisha, Jonathan, Isaiah, Patience, Sarah, Mary Jane and Rhoda Hand. None of the daughters were apparently married at the time of the will as they are all called Hand- unless married to Hand cousins. Of course, the daughters were Hand by birth so that may have been the legal usage of the time. Elisha was born the l7th of January, l752 so if we have the right date ofmarriage for John to Sarah Crowell on the 22 April, l75l-Sarah would be the mother of Elisha.
It is likely that Silas inherited land from his father and mother although the transfer by deed was not found in a quick look in l997.
In a 1751
WILL AND ESTATE OF SILAS HAND; The original will for estate number 436E is a grand looking document on three legal size sheets at the New Jersey Archives available on microfilm.A brief mention of the highlights of the will is published by the New Jersey Archives in Vol V, page l77. of their series on New Jersey Wills as writtenlMay, l770. The summary is as follows:
?Wife, Mary, 1/2 my personal estate and 1/2 the profits of my real estate. Son, Silas, 200 acres, which was bought of Thomas Hand. Sons, Elisha and Jonathan, the rest of the lands belonging to the plantation where I dwell, which are part of four tracts, and after the said 200 acres are taken off, may be esteemed 400 acres (200 each for Elisha and Jonathan). Son, Isaiah, two tracts of 179 and 8 acres cedar swamp bought of Jeremiah Ludlam. at Nummies [near Fishing Creek named after an Indian who lived there] To all my children: Elisha Hand, Silas Hand, Jonathan Hand, Patience Hand, Sarah Hand, Mary Hand, Isaiah Hand, Jane Hand and Rhoda Hand, 2/3 my moveable estate, (minor) children to be educated. Witnesses- Constantine Hughes, Elsiheba Hughes, Constantine Foster. Proved May 16, 1770?- so Silas probably died a few days before May 16. [ He was obviously a very well to do ?plantation? owner]
His wife is called Mary not Mercy in the document so it is the more confusing unless Mercy was a nickname for Mary.
There is a document signed by Constant Hughes and Elisheba Hughes which says they knew Silas Hand, and knew that he made out this will. Another accompanying document signed by Mary Hand, wife of Silas, witnessing to the authenticity of the will, and she was appointed Administrator on the 16th May, l770. ? the same day as guardians were appointed for the two sons below.
The inventory shows that the personal property was valued at 3l6 pounds, and people were owed money by Silas in his last days: no more than five pounds were paid to Elijah Hughes for proving the will, Henry Hand Esquire (lawyer) for appearing, Ephraim Hand, EphraimBancroft, Edward Church, James Whildin Esq., James Crandol, Jonathan Mills, Mary Hand Sr., Thomas Buck, Ellis Hughes, Abraham Woolson, Robert Hasson, John Seatne, William Ewing, Thomas Ewing, Chobe Bancroft, Daniel Stillwell, Thomas Buck Jr., Benjamin Ingram, Richard Stites, Obadiah Shaw, Daniel Cresor, Jno. Yeats, Constantine Cirl, Elisha Crowell, John Foster and Jesse Hughes.
For the Commissioners on Collecting and paying out the Estate- 22 pounds (tax on the estate ?), Balance in the hand of the Executrix to be disposed of pursuant to the will of the Testator 249 pounds. In other words, after paying the debts of Silas Mary/Mercy had 249 British pounds of the time to be given out as instructed by the will. The total as listed on a cover sheet was 316 pounds English money of the time. This did not include land and buildings- the land being almost 800 acres. It is a bit of a puzzle whether the estate was owed 125 pounds.
One wonders how Silas accumulated all that land unless his wife inherited some of it. That is pure conjecture.There is a statement closing the estate in l774 signed by Mary Hand Edmunds which indicates that Silas? widow had married an Edmunds by l774. There is an inventory of appraisals made and signed by Robert Parsons and Henry Hand dated the 30th May, l770 as follows:
Wearing Apparalin poundsl0
Notes and book debits?125
Beds and furniture?30
Pork (fresh or salted meat)?10
Carts, plows and harrows? 5
Cattle (cows or oxen)?46
Sheep and swine?15
Various ?plantation? tools?54
Grand Total316 pounds.
Silas left two sons who werestill legally children whom he wanted to
educate.There is a guardianship
agreement witnessed by Mary Hand and Jeruiah Hughes
and signed by James Whildin and Daniel Swain the l6th
May, l770.At that time her son, Silas,
was to be looked after by James Whildin Esq.- a
Mayflower descendent and one of the most influential men in
Silas, too, like his forefathers at
There was a cemetery on a Bishop Farm near Fishing Creek where some Hands were buried, and a list of the stones is extant which we could not find. That cemetery was so grown over in l939 that it could not be found. It was probably on Hand land which is now covered with houses.
ELISHA HAND AND ESTER TEAL
Fifth Generation in these English
colonies and first in the
Elisha Hand, son of Silas, and, Sarah/Mary Crowellwas bornaccording to the family bible the 17th January, l752 which would be right for Silas second wife, Mercy Crowell, to be his mother as is credited.
married Esther Teal daughter of unknown parents 25th of May, l783 in
a marriage which is not published as recorded in
Esther was born the l0th November,
l766 and signed a deed as living in Sept, l802, but may have died shortly after
that. Her death is reported as
After Esther diedElishamarried Rachel whose last name is unknown.
That marriage is not recorded in
Children of Elisha and Esther Teal Hand from their Bible
Elishaborn 26 Oct, l784. Moved to
Sarah born 4 December, l786- Moved to Ohio where she married Joseph Cheadle in Washington County on the 25th December, l809, (see below)
Noah born 24 March, l789 died l825 buried at Cold Springs Presbyterian
Aaron born 5 May, l79l- well documented in the Hand manuscript- buried at
Cold springs Presbyterian
Experience born 14 February, l794 married Arley Lore
Eliasborn 15 Jan, l797 d l798
born 4 Sept, l799 m Seth Lore died l860- came to
[is this the connection to the Wanamaker/Vanderbilt families?]
Jesse- not listed in the bible- born 26 May, l802.- buried at C.S.P.
Elisha received 200 acres from his father by will. That land was probably in the area of Fishing Creek called Nummies for an Indian who had lived there. His land was next to that of his brother, Jonathan. In l79l Elisha?s land adjoined that of John Nickleson. Elisha did not apparently buy any land, but did sell land as will be shown. He may not have recorded his land until l800 (Book B, 266). It was not at that time unusual to let the recording go until ready to sell.
Land was in irregular pieces marked from tree to tree, and is very difficult to trace today.[A professional land boundary investigator told me that he could spend months on a boundry- it is that confused].
the Lower Precinct, Cape May Co., had 80 acres for tax purposes in l773 with 5
horses and cattle. On the list of
Many Hand men from
In Stevens History of Cape May
it is said that on July 8, l777 men were paid by the Continental Congress for
bringing Elisha Hand from
There are severalotherpossibilitieson the matter of not being registered with the militia. One most likely is that Elisha was engaged in making salt, and was excused from signing up with the militia. It is pointed out that salt was such an important commodity that the Continental Congress addressed the making of salt as early as 29th December, l775.16It was recommended by the Continental Congress the 19th of August, l776 that workmen engaged in salt making not exceeding ten men be exempt from military duty when so employed. The same thing was recommended by the New Jersey Legislature. Exemption of a few men for salt making was the law of the land- salt being of a high priority.
Salt making was done by the bay in a salt works set up by Aaron Leaming, Jesse Hand and Mr. Godfrey the 23 of May, l777. There were employees. It is quite possible this was done near Fishing Creek. There was even some kind of battle there during the war. The exemption of Elisha Hand from military service is quite possible. This Jesse Hand was a very wealthy and influential relative of Elisha. Jesse Handand Leaming menwerein the business of owning privateers during the Revolution, and possibly smuggling for profit. These were men of wealth and influence.
It is also possible that this Elisha Hand was not well enough to fight.
The fate of
In 1812- the Second War for American
Independence- Elijah and Jacob Handhadsalt works near Fishing Creek
which were ?molested? at times by the British.17
It is unknown whether this is the Elisha of our
interest, but it is entirely possible.
LAND RECORD OF ELISHA, ESTHER AND RACHEL HAND;
The key recording is in Book B, page
266 recorded 1 Sept, l800 in which Elisha Hand of
Lower Twp, Cape May Co, a farmer, and Esther, his wife, involving land received
from his father ?,-----s? (the word is not clear) by will. The land was originally
owned by the grandfather of this Elisha as it says by
a deed written in l702. The land was recorded originally at
The Butternut reference is not clear, but today in the area there is a street named Butternut. This was near the inception of CoxHall and Fishing Creeks which ran from inland to the bay- almost meeting in this area. The area is now shopping malls and tracts of houses. This deed would indicate that Esther was alive in Sept of l802 in order to sign here name.
In January of l803 Elisha alone signed and sold 4 acres he got from his brother as recorded in Book C, p 135. The land had been owned by brother, Silas, on Coxhall Creek probably had from their father. So Elisha?s brother, Silas, died before this.
In February l804 as recorded in Book C, page 429 Elisha and his wife, Rachel, sold 50 acres to Stillwell Shane- the land being next to Jonathan Hand at the head of Noll Creek. This may be Hall Creek being short for Cox Hall- where Dr. Cox in the late 17th century had his big house or Hall (in the English sense of the word). There is mention of giving the land to his son, Ellis. It looks like Ellis although we would like it to be Elisha- but, maybe, it is Elisha misspelled. MAYBE, THIS IS A WAY THAT ELISHA SR. GOT MONEY TO GIVE TO ELISHA JR. TO GO TO THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY AT MARIETTA. Elisha Jr. would have been 20 years old at the time ready to come into his majority and leave father and step mother. It does appear that Elisha sold off pieces of property to keep afloat financially.
In Book B page 322 of Reports of the Recorders Office there is a map of l845 of irregular shaped pieces of land. One lot line says ?Elijah Hands land- S 29 l00 perches.? Other notations on the map say: ?Map of a piece of sunken salt marsh on the head of Fishing Creek meadow adjoining Jeremiah Hands?commonly called the Jeremiah Marsh and set off of Ellis Hughes being lot No 5.? Also ?Map of a tract of bush land and old field at Nummies. Set off to the heirs of Sarah Wales deceased being Lot No 8. This is further identification of the land of Elisha Hand with the area called Nummies at Fishing Creek.
ESTATE OF ELISHA HAND SR.
There is no estate for this Elisha Hand Sr. He probably died without a will owning only a piece of land which was inherited by his wife, Rachel.That is not clear. It is clear thatthere was not an estate according to the Surrogates Office at Cape May Court House and the New Jersey Archives.
Elisha Hand Jr. and Sarah (Sally) Hand Cheadle
Sixth Generation in this country
By February of 1804 Elisha and Sally had a step-mother in the house caring for the younger children. Elisha and Sally singly or together set out for Marietta. This was a trip of quite a few days out from Philadelphia to near Pittsburgh where they could catch a means to float down to Marietta. Many people had done that and were floating down the Ohio river in those years.For whatever reasons Elisha and Sally decided to go to the comparative wilderness of Ohio through Marietta into that huge tract of land owned by the Ohio Company. Whether or not they had known other people from Cape May who preceded them we don?t know.
Elisha and Sally went up the big Muskingum River about an hours drive today, but then a long days walk of about 25 miles or an arduous paddle up river. Many had walked up ahead of them. It was a long, hard paddle to get up to the Big Bottom area. It easier to walk and pullpossessions on a hand cart or with some animal doing the pulling. We don?t know whether Elisha went first to find them a place or the two of them make the initial trip together. Whether they began their first living all the way up where the Cheadles lived around Big Bottom- they ended up in that area. It waspossible in those days to build a cabin in a couple of days and be a squatter on land that was not being used. All the surveyed land of 100 and 160 acres was not occupied by the owners at that time. It would take a lot of courage for a young woman to go into that frontier situation. Since John Craft was a fishing partner of Elisha Hand for a few years, it is possible that he was a New Jersey friend with dutch roots. Elisha, of course, from living near the ocean had a basic orientation to fishing. Big fish were caught in the Muskingum in those days in sizes to almost 100 pounds that would seem unbelievable today.
Hand is not in the census of 1803, but is listed in the 1810 census with his
wife, Sally, and no children. He is not in a voting list of 24 June, 1806nor on a 6 April 1807 voting list. Voting may
have required land ownership in those days.It was in
Roxbury Township of Washington Countyon
the 25th of March, 1807 that Elisha Hand
was listed in a census with 61 other ?free white? men. This
The area was still subject to Indian attack although that proved to be very rare, but the danger of Indian attack was not settled until 1815 at the earliest. The country was sparsely settled. Wolves, buffalo, coyote and bear inhabited the area; and were a source of threat to the people and their animals. Here was a young woman just full grown in that frontier atmosphere with her brother. Of course, there were Cheadle, White and other families there with children of all ages. It proved to be a good place to find a husband and a wife for Elisha and Sarah. She is not the only young woman who had the fortitude to make such a move. However, one has to admire her pluck.
Descendents of this Elisha Hand and Sarah Hand Cheadle could qualify for First Families of Ohio by the Ohio Genealogical Society. That distinction is available to descendents of people who settled in Ohio before 1820 which these people surely did. The recorded marriages to Sarah Cheadle and Joseph Cheadlein 1809 proves that part of the case. Elisha and Sarah Cheadle were married the 29th of October 1809 and Joseph Cheadle and Sarah Hand the 25th of December, 1809.The man who did the marrying was father- in-law,AsaCheadle,actually usually attributed to AsaCheadle Jr. who was elected Justice of the Peace for the township from 1807-1810.
Land of Elisha Hand Jr.
Elisha Hand did not use the Jr. in the new country as his father was not there. The first purchase of land recorded in the Courthouse at Marietta was bought the 26th of January, 1814. If there was an earlier purchase it isn?t recorded in Marietta. Since Elisha did vote before this one wonders whether land ownership was required to vote. This piece of land was 17 acres off a 160 acre lot- being the SW corner of lot 1050 bordering on the river and giving access to the river. It is obvious that a fisherman would want to be on the river.The purchase is recorded in Volume 13, page 97-99. The description of the piece is from black oak to beech to white oak so many chains and rods. It might be difficult to figure out today. The piece was being re-sold for non-payment of taxes, and was probably a great bargain for a poor man at the actual price of seventy-five cents. That is 4.4 cents per acre [which ishard to believe]. The deed is clear on the price, and does not suggest a down payment, loan or mortgage. The location of the land is pictured on a map in Richard Walker?s privately printed book on Stockport, Ohio. It was apparentlynext to land of John Craft. John was a commercial fishing partner of Elisha?s for some years.
It seems a fact that Elisha did not buy land at first so it is fair to assume that he did not have the money. He probably had to earn the way for himself and Sally for what employment opportunities were there for a young woman up among other struggling families on this frontier? It seems that his father did not have much money to give him to get started or he wouldn?t have waited to buy such a cheap piece of land. It would be fascinating to know how this young man and woman got along until their marriages. We know that Elisha caught fish in the river and sold it- often up the river in McConnelsville and Zanesville when those villages developed.
Elisha and his family were listed in the 1830 censusand they were gone to Indiana by the 1840 census having left about 1839.Elisha does not appear in the 1840 census by name in Indiana. However, Nancy Hand is listed in that census as family number 851 Vermillion County which is the same number as the Joseph Cheadle family which sounds as if Nancy was living with that family.
Church record of Elisha and Sarah (Sally) Cheadle Hand
Richard Walker has published the original church record of the pioneer Presbyterian Church which began in Big Bottom in 1824 and lasted until 1848.19The church first met in the log schoolhouse which was probably the first public building in the area. The church record says that on the 16th of February, 1824 Elisha and Sally Hand as well as Joseph and Sally Cheadle with Asa and Richard Cheadle and five other men and women received membership certificates. These folks were among the founders of this pioneer church. Several of the children of Elisha and Sally Cheadle Hand were baptized at that church, and are in the record printed by Richard Walker:
Jane Hand 19 December, 1824
Isaac Watts Hand6 January, 1831
There were earlier children born to this marriage who were apparently not baptized or their baptism was not recorded in this church record.
It was the custom of the frontier Presbyterian Church of that time to try to control members behavior through guilt, private and public condemnation and the threat of being dropped from membership. This was basic social pressure to affect their behavior. According to this church record, Elisha was brought before the church elders, accused of and then admitting that he had ?several times within the year past, been guilty of violating the sanctity of the Sabbath, by travelling on the river in a canoe and also by being employed in his sugar camp. In relation to these offences he professed repentance and proposes of amendment.? That was August 3rd, 1829.
This reveals the fact that he was honest and that he had a group of maple trees tapped, and was making maple sugar in the spring out of boiling down the sap. That procedure made good sugar, and was a product saleable for cash.
While many of the stones in the ?Cheadle?- Big Bottom cemetery have been washed away by flood, there once was one for the child, Jesse Hand, 1819-1821.
Life of Sally Hand Cheadle: Sally Hand married Joseph Cheadle up the Muskingum on Christmas Day of 1809 in a marriage that is recorded. Joseph and Sally had several children. Some of their life is traced in myhistory of the big Cheadle family. Unfortunately, Sally died young reputedly on 21 July,1824 leaving her whole family of children of all ages. While little is known about their pioneer life which was by our standards quite limited, but undoubtedly full or trials and joys. My research did turn up the fact that at least five grandsons of Joseph and Sally served in the Civil War, and of those four were killed or died while in service.
Joseph and Sarah Hand Cheadle had the following children:
Augustusborn 11 Dec, 1810
Asaborn 24 March, 1815
Elisha Hand born 16 April, 1818
Roswellborn 27 May, 1819
Richardborn 11 Dec, 1821
Sarah about 1823
Elisha Hand was respected enough to be appointed one of the four appraisers of the estate of John Cheadle on the 18th of November, 1823.
The daybook of Dr. Seth Hart has been typed and a copy is in the library at Marietta College. The part from 10 Oct-30 Nov, 1826 has been published with these references to Elisha Hand.18th October,1826 Mr. Hand owed for a visit by the doctor and medicine for his daughter (unnamed) which cost Elisha $1.25. On the 20th of October, 1826 again Mr. Hand owed for a visit and medicine for his child $3.00.and then again on the 21st for another visit and medicine for his child he owed $2.00. On the 23rd ?Mr. Hand? paid 50 cents on his bill of $7.50. If you consider the change in the value of money those prices would be a lot like the costs of a physician today except that they visited in the home which took a lot more time.
Elisha took Sally and his growing and grown family to Vermillion County,Indiana about 1837 with Joseph Cheadle and his wife and the children still at home. There were at least four related families who went to Indiana together- Elisha Hand, as well asJoseph, Roswell and Augustus Cheadle.
wife and family are in the 1850 census in
Anna Lore Carpenter Letter
the early 1960s I was in correspondence with Mrs. Jean CheadleStuntz then of
?Honorable J.B.Cheadle [grandfather of Mrs. Stuntz]
glad to hear you are a son of Uncle Joseph, as I remember him well. My father?s
name was Seth Lore and my Mother Rhoda Hand [sister of Elisha
and Sarah] ?the Hands were from
then started for the West, landed at
Sgd Anna M. Carpenter
Researched and Written by George C. Williston
Revised. 1999 and 2001
The author of this document, George C. Williston, is very interested in communicating with any descendants of the families mentioned in this document, or with any person who has information about any these families. To contact him, CLICK the E-MAIL LINK BELOW.
 Some of thenames and dates of these Hand families are from these sources:
Hand Manuscript at the
By Z. and D. Hand, 1953 microfilmed by the LDS Library
of the Hand Family Dorothy Dymond, 1982, Heritage
W. Jenkins ?The Wife of John Hand?The
VII(2: June, 1974)78-91. That lineage is proven by parish registers. Mother of Alice was Alice Harris dau of Nicholas Harris and Alice Thatcher m?d at Tunbridge 25 Oct 1573. Widow Alice Harris Hatcher m?d 2nd to Henry Gransden license 12 June, 1609 at the old church of St. Martins-le-Grand The wooden church was dedicated in the 9th century in an area of old London called Cheapside which area exists today. The old church probably burned in the fire of 1666, but would be in the eastern shadow of St. Pauls Cathedral.
Gransden was the s/o John b abt
1560 probably Stansted who married Helen. John was
M. BaylesHistorical and Descriptive Sketches of
Savage Geneaalogical Dictionary IV:252 says that Captain
Thomas Talmadge of
The ultimate contemporary
authority is Robert C. Anderson The Great Migration Begins (Boston: HEHGS,
1995) III:1798-1800. Essentially
Arthur W. Talmadge The Talmadge, Tallmadge and Talmage Genealogy (New York: Grafton, 1909) has considerable material on the name and family in England, and a 1638 English will also covered by Anderson to connectThomas Sr. toJohn ofBarton Stacey, Hampshire.
 Paul Kendall The Yorkist Age (New York: Norton, 1962) 24-25.
 This town has various spellings as Turnbridge, Tunbridge, Tonbridge. The correct spelling is unknown.
et. al. Records of the town of
 Gardiner I:494-500 but originally from Book a, page 63.
11 Barnabas Crowell had a will probated March, 1748 summarized on page 127New Jersey Calendar of Wills 1730-1750, and photocopy #137E in the New Jersey Archives. . The will names Marcy or Mercy among the six children- none of the daughters listed with their married names. The value of the estate was 138 British pounds of the time including one negro male slave valued at 30 pounds.
It has been impossible to connect Barnabas
with other early Crowells at
 The present big, two story, brick building pictured in the article was built in 1823 without much architectural interest. It is said in the article that there are 14, 000 graves around the building which was originally on 200 acres.Most of the Hands of this lineage do not have stones there.
 The bible record of Elisha and Esther Teal Hand was published in the Church of the Advent Yearbook
of the Continental Congress, 1907, Vol 8, 540,
15New Jersey Index of Wills, l912.
16Onthe making of salt during the Revolution, and the involvement of Hand and Leaming men see
Harry and Grace Weiss, The Revolutionary Salt Works of the New Jersey Coast ( Trenton, l959) pages 14, 16, 35-36.. and Arthur D. Pierce, Smugglers Woods, l960, pages 69, 230, 249.
17 L. S, Stevens, op. Cit., 29.
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