BROWN BURIALS IN CONNECTICUT FARMS
First Presbyterian Congregation of Connecticut Farms
Stuyvesant and Chestnut St.
Union, NJ 07083
Brown Burials in Connecticut Farms
Wilson B. Brown
If I were just to describe each person whose has an existing gravestone in the cemetery, the connections would be well nigh incomprehensible. Many early burials were without a “monument” or the stone has worn away or disappeared. Many other key connections are not in the cemetery at all. So what I have done here is to present a short, non-scholarly account of the descendants of Stephen Brown and Prudence Price, who account for nearly all of the Browns buried in the cemetery. To marshal all the proofs and give a detailed discussion would take many pages, and my larger Brown project is still a work in progress, although now over eight chapters long.
So what I have done is to take the four sons of Stephen and Prudence and describe each family, indenting each generation another tab. All of the people mentioned on the stones in the cemetery are put in red. I have tried to place warnings where the data is uncertain.
All or nearly all of the Brown family burials are descendants of Stephen Brown(e)3. Stephen’s stone is no longer visible, but was recorded in 1924.
Stephen’s father was Joseph2
, son of John1
Brown and Mary Burwell, who came to Newark from Derby, CT. as part of the Milford Group. John1
and Mary had four sons:
, who was the township clerk for many years, departing Newark when his friend, Abraham Pierson, Junior, to Connecticut. John had no children in Newark, but a late second marriage in Connecticut produced one child, Samuel3
. (2) Daniel2
, the youngest son, had daughters, but no sons. (3) Thomas2
and (4) Joseph2
, both of whom had sons, but I have identified none of Thomas’ descendants in the cemetery. Some of the unidentified Browns may indeed be descendants of Thomas’ son, John3
(1682-1768, almost exactly the same as his cousin, Stephen), but I have not worked much on that line.
Joseph2 and Thomas2 secured several pieces of land (1) in present-day South Orange on the mountain side, running north from South Orange Avenue and including Springbeach and Tillou Streets, (2) along the east side of Valley Road in present-day Maplewood, and perhaps also South Orange, and (3) between the east branch of the Elizabeth River and Stuyvesant Drive. The last piece was part of John Brown’s original grant, while the first and second appear to be part of the Second Division of Newark properties. The brothers built a lumber mill on the east branch of the Elizabeth River at the site of what was called Drake’s Mill in the 1860s, in what is now Irvington. Thomas2 and his son John3 apparently inherited the land to the east of the mill while Joseph received the part between the mill and the town line. (That is a guess from looking at later land holdings.)
Stephen3 Brown was the youngest of Joseph’s children. James3, Samuel3, and Joseph3 were the other sons. Many of Joseph’s descendants stayed a bit to the north, and tended to form associations with people in Orange, and many are buried in Orange. Moreover, they attended church in South Orange, the church built on land donated by Job4 Brown, one of Joseph’s children.
In his nearly 87 years of life, Stephen3 accumulated a great deal of land, both to the west of John Brown’s original lands, crossing into what was then Elizabeth, and to the north, stretching on both sides of the old Newark-Elizabeth town line and over toward, or perhaps beyond the Springfield Pike (now Springfield Ave.) Perhaps they even connected with the Valley Street lands.
Stephen3 married Prudence Price, daughter of John, the son of Benjamin Price of Elizabethtown. They had four sons: Stephen4 Brown, Caleb4 Brown, Benjamin4 Brown, and Joel4 Brown. I suspect that all are indeed buried in the cemetery, but only Caleb has a stone that is still legible.
Rather than to present the burials in alphabetical order, I will do them in the families, grouped by Stephen’s sons. To a considerable extent, this reflects the burial patterns, although I only have a map of part of the cemetery.
May I add a note of caution, and an invitation for further discussion. In a piece of this length, I cannot go through all the proofs, but have tried to indicate the nature of the proof, and my level of comfort with the proof. Be careful with the use of the data, particularly where I show uncertainty, check if any changes are made later on Write me if you think I am wrong, or want to know more details of why I think a certain connection is true. If you footnote the document, give the date, because what you footnote may be changed later on. My address is with the Connecticut Farms Cemetery material.
Descendants of Stephen4 Brown, the younger.
Stephen4 Brown (d. 1759) md Sarah Wade (abt. 1725-1773).
Stephen4 Brown, the younger, died in 1759, perhaps between 35 and 40 years of age. He had three or four children. The sons were Phineas5 and William5, and one daughter was Sarah5. Some records appear to refer to the daughters in the plural, but I do not know who the other was. Many of Phineas’ descendants are buried near one another in the cemetery, and I suspect that both Stephen4, Jr. and Phineas5 are there also in unmarked graves. The descendants of Stephen4, the younger, in this cemetery all come through Stephen’s son, Phineas5, and his wife Esther Gillum (or Gillam).
To judge by where Phineas5 held lands, Stephen4 held land on Valley Street in Maplewood, probably part of the lands Joseph2 and Thomas2 received in 1685. From the town minutes of 1686:
Oct. 4, 1686. "Item Joseph and Thomas Brown have Liberty granted to exchange their Fathers Third Division of Land lying beyond Elizabeth River and to take up the Quantity thereof on this side Ruway River below the Mouth of Stone House Brook."
This land was in addition to the mountainside lands, which were on “the other side” of the Rahway River. The heirs of Stephen Brown, Jr. all held land on both sides of Valley Street, running from just south of the present-day South Orange well into Maplewood by the golf course. The lands are not named in the will of Stephen senior, so he must have given or sold the lands to his son before his son’s death.
Phineas5 Brown (1750-1801) md. Esther Gillam.
- Charles6 Brown, b. 1775
- Nathaniel6 Brown 1783-1864 md Phebe Gillam.
Nathaniel6 was a cooper, a farmer, and a general businessman. His portrait appears in Ricord’s volume of Essex County notables, and some of his books are preserved at the New Jersey Historical Society. He married Phebe Gillum/Gillam, a cousin. (Nathaniel has sometimes been confused with the son of his cousin, Israel, also named Nathaniel, but using a middle initial of R., standing for Reynolds. See discussion under Joel’s descendants.) Both are apparently named for a Nathaniel Brown, son of Joel, who died in 1790. (Nathaniel’s father, Phineas5, was a ward of Joel, who was the father of Nathaniel who died in 1790).
Children of Nathaniel6 and Phebe:
- William Penn7 Brown md (1)Sarah Wheeler, (2) Caroline Breece, (3) Mary Thompson
- Andrew Jackson7 Brown md. Margaret Babbitt
- Susan7 Brown md. Edward Starbuck. Edward Starbuck was a miller from England and ran Maplewood Mills in Maplewood. After his death in middle age, Susan ran the mill for many years.
- Louise7 Brown md Daniel Feller (or Teller)
- Caroline7 Brown md Joseph Durand
- Joanna7 Brown md Abraham Lindsley
- Emma (Emily)7 Brown, spinster
- Prushe7 Brown (mentioned in her father’s will)
- James Monroe7 Brown (1824-1892) md Sarah Pimley
- Edward8 Brown,
- Mary8 Brown,
- William8 Brown,
- Alice8 Brown,
- Clement8 Brown,
- Everett8 Brown,
- Edward P.8 Brown,
- Jane8 Brown.
- Stephen G.6 Brown (1789-1845) md. (1) Sarah Gillam and (2) Prudence Hand
Children by Sarah:
- Phineas7 Brown,
- Samuel P.7 Brown,
- Nancy7 Brown,
- Jabez B.7 Brown
Children by Prudence:
- Amelia7 Brown ,
- Mary7 Brown,
- David7 Brown,
- Henry7 Brown,
- Phebe7 Brown,
- William7 Brown
- Mary6 Brown (1784-1824)
- Esther6 Brown (1785-?)
- Isaac6 Brown (1789-1876). Did not marry.
- Anna6 Brown
William5 Brown (1757-1838) md Sarah Shipman (1759-1827) buried in the Old Maplewood Cemetery.
- Doctor B.6 Brown. His first name was Doctor, presumably named after Doctor Wats Bonnell, possibly named after the minister, Doctor Wats. Doctor Brown was a carpenter. Lived at Jefferson Village (Maplewood) and buried in Old Maplewood Cemetery. Married Hannah Baker.
Sarah5 Brown. I do not know what happened to Sarah after she was made Ward of her Uncle Robert Wade. Very circumstantial evidence suggests she may be the Sarah who married Nathaniel Brown, son of Joel.
Unknown5 Daughter. There may have been a fourth child, a daughter.
Descendants of Benjamin4 Brown (d. before 1764)
(d. before 1764)
Brown was not alive at the time of his father’s will, drafted in 1764, and the only mention in the records I have seen is that in Stephen’s will. He had at least one son, Henry, and held lands largely to the south of Stuyvesant Avenue in both Newark and Elizabeth (now Union, Irvington, and Maplewood). Many of his descendants are in the cemetery.
- Henry5 Brown (1740-1812) md. (1) Rachel Clark, and (2) Abigail. The large gap between the birth of Benjamin6 and that of Mary6 and Henry6 suggests yet a third wife.
Henry's5 son, Henry6, died in 1859 and his death registration says his parents were Henry and Elizabeth. Abigail was a late-in-life marriage.
Henry5, received a third of Stephen4 Brown’s estate, being largely south of Stuyvesant Avenue on both sides of the Newark/Elizabeth line -- now the county line. This appears to be partly the 40 acres that John1 Brown held in the second division of Newark lands.
Children of Henry5 and his wives:
- Benjamin6 Brown (1764-1852) md. Mary Ann (Margaret) Ogden. (1773-1822)
- Harriet E.7 Brown (1810-1838)
- Benjamin7 Brown (1815-1815)
- Mary6 Brown (1778-1857) md. Jotham Faitoute (1770-1859).
Marriage Dec. 29, 1799.
The Faitoute family, Huguenot in origin, were earlier in Woodbridge. Henry Brown, Mary’s father, stood as a guardian to Aaron Faitoute, so it is possible his wife was connected to the family.
- Martha7 Faitoute (1810-1850) md. Andrew Compton
- Clark7 Faitoute (1816-1881) md. Martha
- Oliver7 Faitoute, (1813-1813)
- Jotham7 Faitoute(1819-1819)
- William7 Faitoute (1816-)
- Henry6 Brown (1779-1859) md. Jane Townley (1782-1861).
Jane is Jane Townley, daughter of John and Phebe. Henry was perhaps the last of the Browns doing extensive farming on the old plantation. He not only held his share of the Stephen’s old lands, but bought lands from his cousins. Brown Street in Maplewood may be named after him (or else for Israel’s son Nathaniel). Most of his lands were in Union.
- Jotham7 Brown, (1801-1886) md Hannah B. Smith, and Elizabeth Ball, daughter of David and Abby Ball. I do not know to whom the children belong.
- Sarah Elizabeth8 Brown,
- Abigail8 Brown,
- Caleb8 Brown
- Clark7 Brown, son of Henry and Jane, (b.1805), md Catherine _____
- Warren C.8 Brown,
- Henry8 Brown,
- Robert C.8 Brown,
- Marjorie Clark8 Brown.
- John T.7 Brown (b. 1806) md Mary Clark
- Mary8 Brown (b. 1835),
- Virginia8 Brown (b. 1843)
- Mary7 Brown, daughter of Henry and Jane, (1807-1890) md. Daniel Compton
- Phebe8 Compton,
- Henry8 Compton,
- Mary L.8 Compton,
- Martha8 Compton
Descendants of Caleb4 Brown
Caleb4 Brown (1713-1779) md. (1) Hannah Crane, (2) Elizabeth Riggs.
All children are by the first marriage. I have some uncertainty over whether Hannah was a Crane, and I am unsure of my source.
Caleb is the only one of the four sons of Stephen to have a gravestone standing. Caleb held lands largely north of Stuyvesant Avenue, extending over toward the Rahway River Valley.
- Phebe5 Brown md. (1) Samuel Pierson, and (2) John Tuttle.
Samuel died soon after the marriage, leaving a posthumous child, Samuel, who was to run Pierson’s Mill on the Rahway River in present-day Maplewood. Pierson’s Mill survived as a garden store and remained in the family until a few years ago. Phebe’s second marriage was to a widower with children from Hanover, NJ, John Tuttle. That marriage produced Jabez Tuttle and Hannah Tuttle.
Child of Phebe5 and (1) Samuel Pierson:
- Samuel6 Pierson
Children of Phebe5 and (2) John Tuttle:
- Jabez6 Tuttle
- Hannah6 Tuttle
- Asher5 Brown (1743-1794) md. Elizabeth Durand (1742-1818).
Asher5 was well-respected man in the area, to judge by the number of “Asher B.” names that appear as honorifics in the next generation. He is the namesake of the artist, Asher Brown Durand, but not a blood relation. Elizabeth’s (Durand) Brown was the sister of John Durand, Asher Brown Durand’s father. Asher5 Brown was an uncle by marriage.
- Hannah6 Brown (1767-1789) md David Clark (1764-1808).
A land division of Asher’s5 lands gives some lands to Hannah Brown Clark7 and the rest, mostly lands that were part of Stephen Brown’s3 plantation, went to Caleb6.
“We the Subscribers being appointed Commissioners (by the Orphans Court of the County of Essex which was held at Newark on Monday the twentyeth day of April last) to make a division of the real Estate of Asher Brown Deceased Between Caleb Brown and Hannah Brown Clark Daughter of David Clark.”
David Clark served with Samuel Pierson and Stephen Brown (prob. Joel’s son) as bondsman for the guardianship of Phineas’5 two older sons, Nathaniel6 and Isaac6. He held land next to a piece Nathaniel Brown (d. 1790) held, and that probably goes back to the part of Stephen’s plantation3 given to Caleb4.
- Caleb6 Brown (1771-1800) md Phebe _____ (1774-1806).
Caleb6 Brown and Obadiah Crane ran a tavern in Camptown (Irvington). He married Phebe ____, and had two children, Sally Ogden Brown, who died as a child, and Polly, who married Peter VanNess, had one child, Caleb Brown VanNess, but then died shortly after giving birth.
- Polly7 Brown (1794-1813) md Peter VanNess.
Polly died soon after childbirth.
- Caleb Brown8 VanNess (1813-1873) md Mary Dean Headley.
Caleb8 held land in the area of Maplewood where there is presently a street called Van Ness, and this was part of the plantation lands Stephen3 left to Caleb4, the gg-grandfather of Caleb Brown8 VanNess.
- Sally Ogden7 Brown (1797-1801).
- Josiah5 Brown (1747-1792) md Rhoda.
I do not think there were any children of this marriage.
- Prudence5 Brown (1755-1832) md. Bryant Durand (1753-1808)
- Hannah6 Durand (1772-1808) md William Mulford.
- Caleb Brown6 Durand (1776-1821) md Hannah ____ (1776-1851).
Children of Caleb6 & Hannah:
- Prudence7 Durand,
- Hannah7 Durand,
- Joseph7 Durand
- Samuel6 Durand (1782-1871)
- Isaac M.6 Durand (1786-1821) md Phoebe Brown.
Circumstantial evidence suggests that Phoebe may be a daughter of Nathaniel Brown, son of Joel.
Isaac6 died as a young man with a young family.
Children of Isaac6 & Phoebe:
- Ira S.7 Durand (b. 1806),
- William7 Durand (b. 1809),
- Josiah7 Durand (b. 1812) md Caroline Brown (likely the daughter of Nathaniel Brown, son of Phineas Brown) and had at least one child, Sarah.
- Bryant7 Durand (b. 1816), and
- Sally7 Durand (b. 1821).
- Daniel6 Durand (1789-1849)
- Josiah6 Durand (1792-1849)
- Phebe6 Durand (1797-1821) md _____ Terrill.
Descendants of Joel4 Brown
Joel4 Brown’s line has been very hard to follow, which is especially annoying since it is my own line. The genealogical problems are considerable, so here is a small outline.
A deed of land indicates that Joel’s first wife was named Molly, and the papers of the administration of the estate reveal his second wife’s name to be Hannah. The administrators of the estate were Hannah and Nathaniel Brown. A wardship document indicates that Joel4 had a son James5, who was under 21 in 1786, but came out of wardship during the next year, and was therefore born in 1766. The guardian was Richard Townley, no relationship expressed. A later land sale indicates that Stephen5 Brown, 1758-1819, was a son. Both sons were born before the deed of land was written. The deed deals with a piece of meadowland that appears to go back to the original land division of Newark.
Nathaniel5, Brown who administered the estate must be Joel’s oldest son. He connects with no existing Brown family, and his is the first appearance of the name Nathaniel in the family. Moreover, heirs of Nathaniel5 (Ogden7, Joseph7, and Israel7, sons of Thomas6 Brown) held onto land granted to Joel4, by his father Stephen3, and Stephen5, son of Joel4, held land adjacent to Nathaniel’s and made serious efforts through purchasing some of Nathaniel’s lands, to help out the bereft family.
Several pieces of land in the area granted to Joel turn up owned by the Earl family, and it is possible that Joel had a daughter who married an Earl. The Earl family gravestones are also in the next row from those of Joel’s descendants. The Crane and Day families may also be connected through unidentified daughters, but this is only speculation, based on wardships, executors, witnesses, and land holdings. The cemetery itself suggests another possibility: a marriage to Joseph Bruen, as described below.
Joel’s son, Stephen5, can be traced fairly clearly. James5 disappears from the area. Nathaniel5, again my ancestor, presents a pile of problems. When he died, around 35 or 40 years old in 1790, he left no will. He married Sarah, but I have never discovered her last name. (Brown, Crane, Ogden, Johnson are all suggested by various other connections.) The probate of his estate mentions children, as do later documents when some land was sold for their support and education, but they are never named. Nor have I found a division of property.
So who were the children? This is where knowing not only the cemetery, but where the graves are located within the cemetery helps. A hand-sketch of part of the cemetery may help. (I do not have a
map of the entire cemetery.) The first sketch is from the church’s records and shows the relationships of the graves; the second is a more careful reading we were able to do ourselves in 1991.
Photo is uprighted for easy reading of names.
The notes were taken May
29th, 1991 by the wife of Wilson Brown, Jennifer (Brown) Brown.
This picture shows the row of stones as we first found them.
The other picture [below] is of Israel Brown's stone, which is the one that was flat on its face.
The first child was Hannah6 Brown, who married Joseph Durand. Her death registration indicates her parents as Nathaniel5 and Sarah Brown. The second was Israel6 Brown, who is buried next to Hannah along the fence of the cemetery (the stone on its face). The third was Thomas6 Brown, who is also buried in the same plot, and whose sons held land “formerly owned by Nathaniel5 Brown.” Thomas6 named his youngest child, Israel7. All three are buried in the plot.
The fourth was Maria or Polly6 Brown, who married Stephen B. Headley, Jr. (“Boss” Headley). The evidence for this is principally in the naming of her children, one of whom is named Joseph Durand 7 Headley and another of which is Maria Reynolds7 Headley. Note that Maria Reynolds is named after the wife of Israel Brown and Joseph Durand was the husband of Hannah Brown, leading support to the idea that Maria "Polly" (Brown) Headley was a sister to Israel and Hannah. [Polly is a standard nickname for Mary/Maria.] The two families also passed on information that they were related, although how it was had been lost. (“Oh yes, grandfather always said the Headleys and the Browns were related.”)
More circumstantial evidence exists, all pointing to the same pattern. Nathaniel5 and Sarah may have had other children. When we get to Israel, my 3X great-grandfather, evidence is also thin, since Israel moved to Pennsylvania and Ohio before returning to New Jersey. Nonetheless, the cemetery plot helps tie the family together.
Nancy W.7 (Brown) Durand, mother of Nathaniel B.8 Durand, and Sarah A.7 Brown, were born in Pennsylvania and came to New Jersey in 1823 (by their death registrations). Sarah’s7 will indicates that her brother was Nathaniel R.7 Brown, and she requested gravestones for her parents, which are clearly of a later date. Moreover I have seen a letter addressed to “Uncle Brown” from C. M.8 Durand, a son of Nancy W.7 Durand. Israel6 had other children, but I have not identified them -- yet.
Joel4 Brown md. (1) Molly/Margaret, (2) Hannah.
- Nathaniel5 Brown, d. 1790 md Sarah [possibly Brown].
Another first cousin marriage I suspect is that of Nathaniel and Sarah5 Brown, dau/o Stephen4 Brown, brother of Joel4 Brown. I can't prove it, so it is a suspicion. I can't find any other loose Sarahs or explain why my grandparents always pointed to that group of Browns as being connected, rather than other groups.
- Hannah6 Brown (1781-1854) md Joseph Durand (1782-1815).
Joseph Durand married Hannah6 Brown, the daughter of Nathaniel5 and Sarah Brown, as stated on her death registration. Her grave, and that of her husband, is along the back fence of the cemetery. Joseph died a young man, and Hannah6 also lost one of her sons, Charles7, at age 21. The two daughters do not seem to have married. She and her daughters lived on south side of Stuyvesant Ave (east of the jog) in Irvington, on property she and Joseph bought from Daniel Brown, a son of Asher.
- Charles M.7 Durand (1807-1828)
- Ezra7 Durand (1809-1852) md. Nancy W.7 Brown, daughter of Israel6 Brown.
See the discussion of Nancy7 under Israel6 Brown.
- Nathaniel B.8 Durand (1835-1850) was almost undoubtedly Nathaniel Brown Durand.
His death registration indicates he died of a rheumatic heart.
- Charles M.8 Durand (b. ca. 1839)
(Charles M. is a very common Durand name; it may be Charles Mortimer.)
- Elizabeth B.8 Durand (b ca. 1841)
- Mary8 Durand (b. 1849)
- Gansomelville (?)8 Durand b. 1845.
This boy with a strange name on the 1850 and 1860 census, not mentioned in a hand sketch of a will Nancy drafted, (probably in the 1880s) so presumably died.) Any clues as to what the name was or why gladly accepted.
- Amanda8 Durand
- Phebe8 Durand
- Israel6 Brown (1783-1841) md. (1) Maria Reynolds (d. 1818) (2) Pleasant Hague, widow of Israel Hough, in Ohio, 1820.
One of the most interesting gravestones in the cemetery, lying flat on its face when I first saw it. Workman at the church and a friend and I helped lift it up to read its inscription, which matches that recorded in 1824. Note that the stone is rather different in character than the neighboring stones.
No one could explain why there were extra dates after the dates of death. The people who recorded the data for the NJ Historical Society were obviously perplexed.
Brown, Israel, “Apr. 12, 1842-86,” in 60th yr.
Wife, Maria Reynolds, “Sept. 14, 1818-62,” in Clairsville, Ohio, in 30th yr.
[Above dates are so placed on stone].
I was also puzzled. Surely Maria wasn’t buried there; she died in Ohio in 1818 and they would not have put a 5 -year old coffin on the back of a cart when the family came to New Jersey. Israel’s estate went to probate in May of 1841, so he must have died April 12, 1841, and surely did not die at 103 in 1886. Sometimes, I found out, re-burial dates are on stones, and sometimes the date of the stone’s erection is placed on the stone, and this is apparently what we have here. An 1886 stone might explain the different style of stone. Then, just a few years ago, I discovered the 1882 will of Sarah A. Brown (see below), a widow all of whose children had died. She left money to fix up her gravestone, fence the cemetery and erect stones to her mother and father (a single stone was used.) The stone, in a later style than the others near it, was apparently erected in 1886, which explains one date. The stone explains that Maria Reynolds Brown died in Ohio (St. Clairsville, not Clairsville) in 1818, and I know from other sources the family returned to NJ in 1823. Yet the stone is not “in memory of” Maria, so my conclusion is that 1861 after her name is the re-burial date. In 1823, they could not have brought a coffin home with them, but by 1861, they might very well have shipped it by train, and, as explained below, they appear to have had a stepbrother left in Ohio. The passage of time between the death of Israel and the carving of the stone might also explain the incorrect date of death.
The 1820 census for Belmont County, Ohio, has an adult woman in the household of Israel6 Brown, and I suspected that he had remarried. Recent Internet postings of Ohio marriages show that Israel married Pleasant Hague, widow of Jonah Hough, Quakers in the Belmont, Ohio area. She had two teenaged sons, Israel Janney, and James M. I have no direct evidence she came to New Jersey with Israel in 1823, but the composition of the 1830 household on the census suggests three children born after Maria’s death -- one age ten, one five to ten, and one under five. There is no adult woman, however, so it is probable that Pleasant came to New Jersey, but died after 1825 and before 1830. The ages of the young men also suggest that James M. Hough, her younger son by her first marriage, accompanied them. Interestingly, a map of Union in the 1860s has a Stephen Hoff, born about 1830, on a neighboring lot. Israel Hough, the oldest of Jonah and Pleasant’s children however, is shown holding land in Belmont County, Ohio in the late 1820s, so may have taken over the family farm.
Anyone who can tell me who the lost children of Israel6 Brown are will be in my debt (for genealogical information). I’m looking for two girls, born 1810-1818, a boy born in Ohio about 1820, a girl born in Ohio or NJ 1820-1825, and a boy born in NJ between 1825 and 1830.
- Nathaniel Reynolds7 Brown (1807-1885) buried in Hanover, NJ, md. Eliza Courter.
Nathaniel7 was active in business and civic affairs, being the first town clerk of the newly-formed Clinton Township and running a “shoe manufacturing” business, probably the letting out of materials and patterns to individual shoemakers and the sale of finished shoes in New York. He married Eliza Courter, daughter of John Edwards Courter, a well-off farmer in the area and sister of William Cook Courter, later prominent in the Maplewood area. Nathaniel lived at Middleville. He went bankrupt in 1848, losing a considerable amount of land and probably wealth. When John E. Courter sold his Clinton properties and moved to Livingston, Eliza and the children moved there and Nathaniel joined them there a few years later, living there until his death in 1885. He is buried in Hanover.
- Nathaniel R.8 Brown, Jr. b. 1844, d. unmarried in California
- Virginia8 Brown, (1846..) md. John Hogan.
Buried in Hanover, NJ.
- Edgar Lamartine8 Brown (1848-1929) md. Mary Arminda Ball.
Edgar is buried in the Bloomfield Cemetery.
- Jackson Livingston8 Brown (1850-1921) md (1) Alice Adele Ashby and (2) Eliza (Lyle) Ashby.
“Liv” was a butcher, established first in Livingston and, after the death of his first wife, he moved to Orange. He had only one child, Wilson Reynolds9 Brown (1884-1950), my grandfather. Alice died in childbirth the next year and several years later Liv married her younger sister. All buried in Hanover.
- Nancy W.7 Brown (dau/o Israel6) md. Ezra7 Durand.
Nancy W. Brown married who appears to be her first cousin, Ezra7 Durand (d. 1852), son of Hannah (Brown) Durand and Joseph Durand. Ezra went to California during the gold rush and died there. He may have left quickly, since it appears that a son died in 1850 and that there was a birth of a child in about 1849. He also had forced his brother-in-law, Nathaniel R.7 Brown, into bankruptcy in 1848, which may have left him without funds (since he got a small return on what he had lent), or with serious wife and in-law problems. Nancy appears to have moved in with her Aunt (and mother-in-law) Hannah, on Stuyvesant Ave., since the property is shown after Hannah’s death as belonging to “N. Durand.”
- Sarah Ann7 Brown md. Joseph Durand7 Brown.
All the children on the gravestone were her only children.
Joseph7 Brown was the second son of Thomas6 Brown, brother of Israel6 and Hannah6, and thus Joseph7 was grandson of Nathaniel5 Brown. Not until I noticed on the census that his wife, Sarah A., was born in Pennsylvania did I realize that she had married her first cousin and that her maiden name was Brown. Indeed, without Sarah’s will which gave money to the Ct. Farms church to fix up the cemetery and erect monuments to her parents, would I have had any clue as to what had happened. The will is reproduced in the wills section. Sarah went in a few short years from being a wife and mother of a growing family to being a childless widow. She lived many years as a widow -- one with a considerable amount of land and wealth according to the 1860 census -- on the north side of Stuyvesant Ave., just over the Union line.
Will of Sarah Ann (Brown) Brown, Sister of Nathaniel R. Brown
Union, New Jersey, Nov. 14th, 1882
I Sarah Ann Brown, being of sound mind, memory and understanding, do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner following, that is to say:
First, It is my will, and I do order, that all my just debts and funeral expenses be duly paid and satisfied as soon as conveniently can be after my decease.
I desire that one hundred dollars shall be safely invested for the purpose of keeping my monument in good repair.
I give and bequeath to the Presbyterian Church at Connecticut Farms One hundered dollars for the prupose of keeping the Cemetery in good order.
I also desire that One hundred dollars shall be given to the Presbyterian Church at Connecticut Farms for the purpose of assisting in building a new fence for the Cemetery.
I give and bequeath to my brother, Nathaniel R. Brown, the sum of fifty dollars to be paid to him at my death for the purpose of getting suitable clothing or other necessaries.
I give and bequeath to my brother Nathaniel R. Brown, the sum of Eight dollars per month, the same to be paid to him monthly the first payments to be made two months after he is paid the beforementioned fifty dollars.
I give and bequeath One hundred dollars for the purpose of procuring a grave-stone for my Fathers grave, also one hundred dollars for a gravestone for my mohters grave.
I give and bequeath to Lizzie Wade of Elizabeth my Log Cabin Quilts, my tidies, and my bureau covers.
I give and bequeat to Mrs. Henry Compton my cloth cloak, rocking chair, 1 small bureau, besides some articles of clothing and twenty five dollars in money.
To Josiah G. Brown, my Nephew, I give and bequeath all the remainder of my personal effects.
Lastly, I hereby appoint my Nephew, Josiah G. Brown, sole execuotr of my last will and testament.
Sarah A. Brown
Witnesses: Michael F. Nealon, Mary A. Nealon.
Dated this fourteenth day of November, 1882
Sara A. Brown
DEATHS IN UNION 1882-1883.
December 6, 1882 Brown, Sara A. FW 69 b. US, in state 59 years.
Died of Pneumonia, illness of ten days, Dr. Jobs.
Executor: Josiah G. Brown
Application Dec. 19, 1882
Probate Book F. Page 540
Inventory F. 432
Last entry June 11, 1884
Notes: 1882-59 = 1823
- Thomas6 Brown (1788-1825) md Rhoda Durand (1787-1835).
They had three sons, and no sign of any daughters. All three are in the cemetery.
Children of Thomas6 Brown & Rhoda Durand:
- Ogden7 Brown (1810-1891) married (1) Elizabeth, (2) Joanna Day.
Ogden7 Brown was the oldest of the three sons of Thomas6 Brown and Rhoda Durand. The three brothers, Ogden7, Joseph D.7 and Israel7, were teenagers when their father died in 1825. They kept the farm (on Stanley Terrace, part of the Stephen Brown’s estate willed to Joel) until a creditor of their deceased father -- a woman recently widowed -- needed the $141.00 owed her and forced foreclosure on the lands in 1829. The lands were seized and auctioned off, with only one bidder, William Day, who bid exactly what was owed the widow. That was a fairly valuable piece of land to get for $141.00, even in those days. But the fix was in: Day sold it back to the boys for the same price a year later. The description of the two parcels sold indicates one that must be on what is presently called Stanley Terrace, and the other about where Springfield Avenue (the Turnpike in those days, and even in my parents’ vernacular -- “the Springfield Pike”) crosses into Essex from Union.
Unlike his brothers, who died early deaths, Ogden7 lived into his 80s, serving in public positions, and being well known as a commercial gardener. He was married twice, first to Elizabeth ______, by whom he had Josiah G.8 Brown, b. 1837, and second to Joanne Day, daughter of William Day (who had helped him keep his lands). In addition to the children listed on the monument, Ogden7 and Joanne had Joseph B. D.8, Phoebe8, William T.8, and Elizabeth G.8 Phebe8 was one of the first woman medical doctors in New Jersey.
If someone could explain why Ogden is called Ogden, it might help my genealogy. Joseph D. is probably Joseph Durand, named after the husband of Hannah Brown, Thomas’ sister. Israel would have been named after Israel Brown, a brother of Thomas. I know of no Ogdens in the family, although a Sally Ogden born in the 1750s or a Molly Ogden in the 1720s would fill some big empty spaces in my genealogy. It could, of course, simply be an honorific, but those usually have first names attached.
Child of Ogden7 Brown & (1) Elizabeth:
- Josiah G.8 Brown
[The G. may be the initial of his mother’s last name.]
Children of Ogden7 Brown & (2) Joanna:
- Joseph B. D.8 Brown
On Ogden Brown’s stone appears an inscription for H. Elsie, daughter of Joseph and Emma. This probably refers to Ogden’s son, Joseph B. D. Brown.
- Phoebe D.8 Brown
Phoebe, one of the first woman medical doctors, married Ebenezer Payne, who became a doctor himself. After long years of working in New Jersey, Phebe moved to Massachusetts, where she and Ebenezer had an asylum, and then to California, where she died.
- William T.8 Brown (The "T" could be an "F."),
- Elizabeth G.8 Brown, and
- Gertrude8 Brown.
- Joseph D.7 Brown (1812-1855) md. Sarah A. Brown, his first cousin.
Children of Joseph Brown and Sarah:
- Julia Ann P.8 Brown,
- Elizabeth S.8 Brown,
- Charles A.8 Brown,
- Sarah8 Brown,
- Isadore8 Brown [some question on this],
- Frances L.8 Brown
- Israel 7 Brown (1818-1850) married Electa __.
The first child died young, and the second, born after his father’s death, lived many years.
Children of Israel7 and Electa:
- Edwin D.8 Brown (1848-9)
- Israel8 Brown (1850-)
Maria (Polly)6 Brown (1790-1865) married Stephen “Boss” Headley.
- Jane Orville7 Headley,
- Maria Reynolds7 Headley,
- Edwin Montgomery7 Headley,
- Mortimer7 Headley,
- George K.7 Headley,
- Caleb Brown7 Headley,
Caleb Brown Headley had two marriages. By the first (a name I do not know), he had Stephen in 1840. By Ann Alley, the second, he had Frank, Emma, Maria Reynolds, Alice Ogden, Anna, Herman and Andrew. The family moved west.
- Sarah O.7 Headley,
- Joseph Durand7 Headley.
Note that Maria Reynolds and Joseph Durand are the sister-in-law and brother-in-law of Polly (Brown) Headley. Caleb Brown was a cousin. Sarah O. is possible the name of her mother. George K. Headley is probably named for the minister, George Keith. Mortimer is unusual, often a Durand name, and I don’t know who Edwin Montgomery is. Thomas, whom I presume to be her brother, also had a Joseph D.
- Elizabeth5 Brown (Possible Daughter of Joel4 Brown.)
Between the graves of Joel’s son, Stephen5
, and the cluster of graves of Nathaniel’s5
children lie two stones. The first is Joseph Bruen
, whose dates work out to be 1730/1 to 1810 and Elizabeth
, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth, d. 1807 aged 22. I don’t know my Bruens as well as some of the other early Newark families, so I cannot identify Joseph. There were many intermarriages between the Stephen Browne’s brothers’ descendants and the Bruens, but this is the only Bruen who has strayed so far south as Connecticut Farms.
The other stone next to Joseph Bruen is that of Sarah World
, 1812-1855, which is a complete puzzle with a very unusual last name. It is possible that she is a descendant of Joseph and Elizabeth (Brown?) Bruen.
Other Stones of Relevance to the Browns
At the end of the row is a larger monument to members of the Wilson family. Since I am the third Wilson Brown, although I do not carry Reynolds as my middle name as my father and grandfather did, I have often wondered who the Wilson was who caused J. Livingston Brown to name my grandfather Wilson Reynolds. (Grampa said it should have been William Reynolds, but his step-mother and aunt changed it to make if fancy. Perhaps the considered William, and there was a William Reynolds who could be a great grandfather, but the birth certificate says Wilson.) In any case, I cannot connect these Wilsons with my family in any way.
This stone is in the Asher Brown plot. It is recorded incorrectly under Taylor. Polly Taylor is what shows above the turf, but slightly under the turf, is the name Conlon. Thus it is Polly Taylor Conlon, born about 1767 and died in 1794. Wife of John N. This is very much a mystery. Asher already had a Polly, who married John Clark. Taylors are connected with Obadiah Crane, who is buried nearby in another plot, but if it is, it is misplaced. Obadiah married a Martha Taylor, but why is Polly, however she is related to Martha, buried with the Browns?
This stone is in the Asher Brown plot. Phebe was born too early to be a child of Hannah Brown and David Clark. She may be another daughter of Asher Brown, who married a Clark (even David as a second wife), but had no children, since no child of Phebe is mentioned in the division of Asher’s estate.
Obadiah Crane served as administrator of Nathaniel Brown’s estate (1790) and shared ownership of a tavern with Caleb Brown, son of Asher. I suspect he is kin to Sarah, wife of Nathaniel, but I do not know how. The gravestones of his family lie in the second row from the fence, rather to the right. That row has the Earls and the Obadiah Cranes, and lies between those of Stephen and Nathaniel (sons of Joel) and the graves of the descendants of Caleb. Obadiah married first, Martha Taylor, and second, Mary Crane (her maiden name) of Turkey (New Providence). Stephen H. Crane
is the son of Obadiah and Mary.
Browns loved Durands. The Durand family is Huguenot in origin, with the original immigrant being Dr. Jean (John) Durand, who settled first in Connecticut and then went on to New York City. He was born in La Rochelle, France in 1667 and died in 1727. He married Mary Bryant. One of his many sons, Samuel, moved to the Connecticut Farms area, marrying Mary Bruen, and as far as I know, all the Essex and Union County Durands are descendants of Samuel.
- Elizabeth Durand, wife of Asher Brown, was a daughter of Samuel.
- Joseph Durand, who married Hannah Brown, was a son of Ezra Durand and Phebe Tompkins, and grandson of Samuel.
- Ezra Durand who married Nancy Brown was the son of Joseph, just mentioned.
- Rhoda Durand who married Thomas Brown was the daughter of Elijah Durand, son of Samuel.
- Abby W. Brown
- Amade B. Brown
- Ann E. Brown
- Baldwin Brown
- Caleb W. Brown
- Isaac P. Brown
- Jacob Brown
- Munroe J. Brown
- Susan C. Brown
These could be descendants of Stephen, of his brothers or cousin, John (Thomas, John), who lived in the area and was almost an exact contemporary of Stephen. In addition, another family of Browns settled in Elizabeth and Lyon’s Farms; they came from Long Island and are of no known connection to John Brown. On the North side of Newark, there was a Dutch family of Browns, but they did not get this far south.
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CONNECTICUT FARMS, UNION CO., NJ CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS
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