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NOTE: A plus sign "+" before a number will indicate that there is additional information further down within the manuscript for this individual.
This paper is an attempt to begin organizing the genealogy of families claiming Gabriel Le Boyteulx, the French Huguenot, as their ancestor. Records of Gabriel's twelve children in the late 1600s in the city of New York and the early 1700s in New Jersey have been located. Records connecting these twelve children to subsequent generations of families with this surname have not been located to date. The widely variant spellings of this surname and the destruction of church and civil records by the British during the Revolutionary War make this an interesting challenge. The organization of families in the third and fourth generations has been determined by oral family tradition or the opinion of the author and other descendants researching this genealogy. Any contribution to the development of the Laboyteaux/Laberteaux genealogy during the first century of this family in America would be welcomed.
1. GABRIEL LE BOYTEULX, born February 10, 1652 in La Rochelle, France; died 1734 in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ. He married (1) Marquise Fleurean / Fleuriau April 7, 1689 in the French Church of the Holy Spirit "Saint-Esprit," NYC, NY; married (2) Agnes Constance Le Brun August 25, 1695 in NYC, NY. Agnes Constance Le Brun, born in Guadeloupe, West Indies; died in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ after 1756.
Gabriel Le Boyteulx is the progenitor of the Laboyteaux and Laberteaux family in the United States. He is listed as "Gabriel La Boyteaux" in the Register of Qualified Huguenot Ancestors of the National Huguenot Society (Finnell:133). Gabriel Le Boyteulx was a native of the great seaport of La Rochelle in the Province of Aunis (now Charente Inferieure), France. One of the earliest records about Gabriel's birth and baptism comes to us from an unknown source. "From the registers of baptism of the Departmental Archives of Charente Maritime, File 39, p. 153, 1649-June 1654 we find: Gabriel, son of Paul Le Boyteux and of Elizabeth Le Royer has been baptized Sunday 18 February 1652 by M. Drelincourt. He was born on 10 February 1652. Godfather, Gabriel Le Royer. Godmother, Jeanne Taillourdeau."
The Reformation had a strong hold on the people of this province since John Calvin's zealous disciples visited the area in the 1540's. The religious and political freedoms of the Huguenots was seriously jeopardized by King Louis XIV of France who set October 22, 1685 as the date for the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Gabriel was a French Protestant or Huguenot and "perhaps" was a brother of Pierre and Paul La Boyteaux, fugitives from La Rochelle, who had their goods seized February 4, 1685, and established themselves as merchants in Amsterdam (Baird:290) or at St. Martin, Isle de Re. There are some Le Boiteaux/ Le Boyteaux burial records (source unknown) which indicate some of Gabriel's family was living in the city of St. Martin on the island of Re' off the coast of Aunis and nearly opposite the city of La Rochelle. The island of Re was a native place or the place of refuge of many Huguenot families that ultimately found their way to the New World (Baird:302). There is one burial record, probably of Gabriel's father, "Paul Le Boyteaux Jr." who was buried March 27, 1679, a merchant at St. Martin, Isle of Re." Witnesses were Israel Francois and David Promis, brother-in-law and nephew, who stated the deceased was fifty-one years old.
In the aftermath of the turmoil of 1685, Gabriel Le Boyteulx made his way to America and settled with other Huguenot refugees in the city of New York. According to records from London, England, Gabriel Le Boyteulx received denization in New York on December 16, 1687, which was attested to by Nicholas Hayward, notary, in London on January 17, 1687/88 (Scott:2). Charles Baird in The History of the Huguenot Emigration to America, states "Gabriel Le Boiteux" was naturalized in New York on January 5, 1688 (Baird:290), and made a freeman on August 3, 1688 during the Mayoralty of Stephen van Courtland (NYHS 18:54). On April 7, 1689 Gabriel married Marquise Fleurean / Fleuriau in the French Church of the Holy Spirit "Saint-Esprit" (Wittmeyer:3).
On Sunday, the 7th of April, 1689, at evening service, there appeared for marriage, Mr. Gabriel le Boisteulx, elder of this church and the groom, living in this city, and Miss Marquize Fleuriau, after the publication of their announcement, made in this same church on the three previous Sundays, without opposition. Thus they received the nuptial benediction from Mr. Peiret, our minister. And Mr. G. le Boisteulx had as his attendants, Mr. Gedeon Le Royer, his first cousin on maternal side and Elie Boudinot, his friend. And for the above mentioned, Miss Fleuriau, there were attendants, Messrs. Pierre Fleuriau and Louis Carre, brother and brother-in-law, living in this city and all the undersigned.
Gabriel and Marquise had three daughters; Maria, Elizabeth and Marquise. Their first child, Marie, was baptized May 4, 1690 and later became the first wife of Pastor Louis Rou of the French Church.
According to the Huguenot history of New Rochelle, some twenty miles from the city of New York, Gabriel, while living in New York, purchased a home lot and appurtenant land in New Rochelle in the West Division from Jacob Leisler on May 31, 1690 (Seacord:33). Gabriel Le Boiteux's name is mentioned ten times in the index of Records of the Town of New Rochelle, 1699-1828, all in reference to land he owned there. One entry states that John Pell received 14 pounds, 13 shillings, and 8 pence as the last payment by Gabriel Le Boyteulx, merchant of New York, for 200 acres, part of a 6,000 acres parcel John Pell owned at "New Rochell" on his manor at Pelham. (Forbes:191) There is no indication that he actually lived in New Rochelle. However, his surname "Le Boiteux" has been placed on a bronze tablet in Hudson Park with other "Huguenot family names identified with the history of New Rochelle during the Colonial Period" (Seacord:np). The spelling of his name as Le Boiteaux" probably comes from the French word "boiteaux" meaning "lame or cripple" or "the crippled one." Some have said the surname means "boat" in French, but that word is spelled "bateau."
On May 19, 1690, he was one of those who signed a petition to the King of England from New York, complaining against Lt. Governor Jacob Leisler for causing great inconveniences and decay of trade, for retarding and impeding justice, and for discouraging labor and industry (Col. Hist. NY 4:624). This action precipitated his arrest by Leisler, for Gabriel petitioned Governor Sloughter on April 20, 1691 and again in 1692, asking for payment for damages he sustained and restitution for his five and a half months imprisonment. A year later he contributed to a fund to buy presents to be given to the Indians. (Seacord:33)
There are several entries naming Gabriel in the Calendar of New York Colonial Council Minutes 1668-1783 (part 1). On April 21, 1691 an order was issued on the petition of Gabriel Le Bouteux for "payment of damage done him in Leisler's time" (NYCC:64). Just the name "Gabriel Le Bouten" is listed on September 11, 1691 (NYCC:68). On March 10, 1693 a warrant was ordered for the payment of "tenn pounds" to pay "Gabriel Le Boyteaux" for six barrels of beef to soldiers (NYCC:82). On January 3, 1695 an order was issued on a complaint of Gabriel Le Beauteaux vs. Peter De Lanoy (NYCC:103).
His wife, Marquise Fleurean, died before October 11, 1693 when she was buried in the Trinity Church-yard in New York City. A notice of the funeral services conducted by minister "Mons. Pieret" were recorded in the register of the French Church. After Marquise died, Gabriel sold his New Rochelle land to Andre Nodine / Naudain on November 22, 1694. In July 1694 Gabriel "Le Beauteaux" sat on a grand jury (NYHS 45:55). In May 1696 he signed an oath of allegiance in New York City.
Gabriel was a member of the French Church of the Holy Spirit (du Saint-Esprit) in New York City where he was an elder as early as 1688. From March 1693 to April 1699 "Gabriel Le Boyteulx" was keeper of the accounts for collections and expenditures for the church. Very accurate records tell how the church provided for the poor, needy, and French war prisoners. Collections were taken at the door on Sunday mornings and afternoons and after the morning service on Wednesdays. A roll of kind-hearted men who contributed on such a Wednesday includes "M. le Boyteulx" who once contributed 12 shillings.
Gabriel was engaged in international trading. (Butler: 153) In 1692, Gabriel's ship, La Belle Marquise, was captured by a French privateer. The commander of the ship, Elie Naud, was captured and sentenced to the galleys, but because he converted other prisoners to Christianity, he was put in solitary confinement in a windowless, doorless hole in the ground at Chateau d'If. Elie Naud was finally released in 1698 and came back to the French Church in New York where he was made an elder in 1704 (Maynard:92).
Agnes Constance Le Brun or Le Baun was a French Huguenot emigrant from the Island of Guadeloupe and was naturalized in New York in 1687, together with Daniel Gombaud and his wife (Baird:309). She probably lived with them in New Rochelle, as they may have been her guardians. She was received as a member of the Dutch Church of New York, September 14, 1691, by certificate from the French Church in New Rochelle (Baird: 309). On August 25, 1695, Gabriel married Agnes Constance Le Brun at the Dutch Church of New York. Their first three children, Suzanne, Jeanne and Paul, were baptized at the French Church in New York (Wittmeyer: 49, 57, 68). During this time the family lived in the dock ward of New York where the Gabriel "Laboyteaux" estate was valued between 141 and 151 pounds between 1696 and 1699 (NYHS 43:85; 44:308). Based on Gabriel's taxes, he is considered on of the richest Huguenots of the city of New York in the 1690s (Butler: 157). Gabriel's house in New York must have been located on Broad Street since a committee reported to the New York Common Council that a proposed sewer line in Broad Street from the corner of "Mr. Le Boyteaux" to Mrs. Van Vecq's was 1158 feet in length (NYC Com. Council 1:407).
It appears that Gabriel moved his family to Piscataway, East New Jersey in 1700 based on land records and baptismal records of their next six children. "Gabriel Lebertstein" along with Hendrick Bries, Roelof Sebring and others were early settlers along the Raritan River. (Messler:160) According to Monnette (6:1091), "Gabriel Le Boyteulx" received a deed for land from Robert Webster in 1701, presumably in Piscataway, Middlesex County, New Jersey. On March 30, 1704, Martin Boakman sold 52 acres in Middlesex County to Gabriel LeBoytoulx (FHL 460033). Between 1701 and 1704, Gabriel bought 3 farms amounting to 200 acres at Raritan Landing on the Raritan River. Cornelius Vermule postulated that Daniel Sebring and Jeronimus Van Neste were associates in land purchasing and may have been financing Gabriel (Vermule:97). It is presently not known why Gabriel made this sudden change from an international city merchant to a frontier farmer in West Jersey.
Gabriel "Boytoo" of Piscataway, was designated "overseer" in the January 30, 1702-1703 will of John Peterson Mellat, blacksmith (NJSA:315)
The last five or six children of Gabriel and Agnes Constance were born and baptized in New Jersey. The baptisms of four children were recorded at the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan. The baptism of their last alleged son Gabriel is stated for March 3, 1728 (Finnell:133), but this has not been found and may be confused with the baptism of a grandson, Gabriel, the child of "Peter Bettieu and Jemymy" [Bries] at the New Brunswick First Reformed Church on December 22, 1728 (NJHS 11:211). The Raritan church was started in 1699, but its building site is only known from about 1730. It was burned down by British raiders under Lt. Col. Simcoe in 1779 and rebuilt at Somerville in 1784.
About this time, three of Gabriel's children seem to living in the city of New York. On September 24, 1724, "Gabriel Le Boyteulx junr," Marquise le Boyteulx," and John Hastier, husband of Elizabeth Le Boyteulx, signed a petition opposing the dismissal of Rev. Louis Rou by the elders and consistory of the French Church on Sunday, September 20, 1724 (O'Callaghan: 282-84). Rev. Rou, after all, was their former brother-in-law. This is also the only known mention of Gabriel Jr. I have placed him as a child of Gabriel and his second wife Agnes because there appears to be no birth slot for him with Gabriel's first known wife Marquise. If he was born about 1701, he may have been old enough to live in New York with or near his sisters Elizabeth or Marquise. Or does the fact that he was old enough to sign the petition and that there are no records of his baptism suggest the possibility of an even earlier and unknown marriage of Gabriel? If Gabriel was born in 1652, he certainly could have been married before his 1689 marriage to Marquise at age 37. This and the presence of "Merkiese" or Marquise, Gabriel's third daughter, at the baptism of his daughter Maria in 1715 in New Jersey suggests the family may have occasionally traveled by boat between New York and the Landing.
A map showing the location of Gabriel's house (no. 14) in the old settlement of "Raritan Landing" has been described by Cornelius Vermeule (Vermeule:197). It was located about 900 feet from the east side of the Raritan River in what is now Piscataway Township, Middlesex County, NJ. Vermeule states "Gabriel Le Boyteaux" and wife Constance owned the house from 1704 to 1734, when it passed into the hands of their son Paul and his wife Elizabeth Henry. After 1742 it went out of the family and belonged to George Vroom (Vermeule:198). Another source states the "Le Boyteaux" homestead was sold in about 1742 to Jacob Bogert and in 1746 to Bernardus La Grange, the lawyer (NJHS 54:98). The location of the three farms or plantations, which Gabriel owned have been described as, the three farms west of the road to the wharf. Some of this farmland was sold to Williamson in 1720 (NJHS: 54:91). There is no indication that Gabriel continued as a shipping merchant, but sloops could sail to Raritan Landing and from there, scows could move merchandise up the river.
We do not know much about Gabriel's life at Raritan Landing compared to his activities in church and civil matters in New York. On November 19, 1703, Isaac Smally, the Piscataway town clerk, recorded that the mark of "gabrel Le buyteuts" for his horses, cattle, swine and sheep was two marks in the under side of the left ear, formerly belonging to John Giddis. (GMNJ 22:12) There is one interesting record, which indicates he owned cattle. Many years after his death, a decision was made by the officials to give the Piscataway mark of "two slits ye under Side ye left Ear ye Mark" formerly of "Gabriel Leboyteux" to Joseph Runyon on January 7, 1762. (Gen. Mag. NJ 35:11)
Gabriel Le Boyteaux probably died in early 1734, presumably at Piscataway, Middlesex County, as his will was proved on April 10, 1734. His will was dated March 20, 1728 at his house in "Piscataway Bounds." The will of "Gabriel Le Boyteulx" of Middlesex County is listed in the New Jersey Index of Wills and names his wife Constance and son Paul as executors, and also mentions his daughters Catherine and Mary. (NJSA:295; Lib. B, p. 499) Gabriel stated in his will that he did not want his plantation sold, but to remain with his son Paul and his heirs forever. Paul was assigned to care for his mother and two unmarried sisters, Mary and Catherine. Why the other children are not named is curious, but perhaps, they were given money or land before Gabriel died.
Agnes Constance, Gabriel's second wife, is believed to have been called "Angenitje Leboiteaux" a Dutch name for Agnes. On December 22, 1728, she was named as "Agnietje Bettieu," a witness at the baptism of Gabriel Laboyteaux, son of Peter and Jemima (Bries) Laboyteaux (NJHS 11:211). On July 24, 1752 Paul Leboiteux was named executor in the Will of Roelof Sebring (1675-1756) of Somerset County. Roelof Janse Sebring's second wife was "Angenitje Leboiteaux" (Sebring:157). She is referred to in Roelof's will as a widow with a grown son and no children from Roelof Sebring, and living at the plantation on Raritan River. (Sebring:157; NJ Will Index)Children of Gabriel Le Boiteulx and (1) Marquise Fleurean/Fleuriau are:
2. i. Marie Le Boiteulx, born April 28, 1690 in NYC, NY (Finnell:133); presented for baptism May 4, 1690, French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC by Louis Carre and Marie Le Berton (Wittmeyer:9); died 1713 in NYC, NY (Callahan, 1959); married Rev. Louis Rou.
3. ii. Elizabeth Le Boiteulx, born September 19, 1691 in NYC, NY; baptized September 27, 1691, French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC; presented by Elie Boudinot; sponsors were Pregente Fleuriau and Louis Carre (Wittmeyer: 14); married Jean Hastier. "Elizabeth le Boyteulx" and Estien de Lancey, as godparents, presented Louis Rou (Jr.) for baptism August 3, 1715 at the French Church in New York (Wittmeyer: 136); Elizabeth's husband "John Hastier" signed list of French Church members opposed to dismissal of Rev. Loius Rou on September 24, 1724 (O'Callaghan:283).
4. iii. Marquise Le Boiteulx, born February 16, 1692/93 in NYC, NY; presented for baptism February 26, 1693 by her parents at French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC (Wittmeyer:26); "Marquise le Boyteulx" signed list of French Church members opposed to dismissal of Rev. Loius Rou on September 24, 1724 (O'Callaghan:283).Children of Gabriel Le Boiteulx and (2) Agnes Le Brun are:
5. i. Suzanne Le Boiteulx, born 10 p.m. Tuesday, August 25, 1696; baptized September 2, 1696 on Wednesday evening after prayer by Mons. Pieret; presented by Benjamin Godeffroy; sponsors were Suzanne Papin, wife of Elie Boudinot and B. Godeffroy at French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC (Wittmeyer:49).
6. ii. Jeanne Le Boiteulx, born Monday, April 4, at 7 p.m.; presented for baptism April 10, 1698 by Paul Drouillet and Mme. Jeanne. Daens, wife of Mons. Alexandre Allaire were sponsors at French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC (Wittmeyer:57).
+ 7. iii. Paul Le Boiteulx, born November 19, 1699 in NYC, NY (Finnell:133); baptized November 22, 1699 at French Church du Saint Esprit, NYC (Wittmeyer:68); married (1) Elizabeth Smock 1719; married (2) Elizabeth Henry November 9, 1749 (Finnell:133).
8. iv. Gabriel Le Boiteulx, born abt. 1701; no birth or baptism records have been found for Gabriel Jr, however, "Gabriel Le Boyteulx junr" signed list of French Church members opposed to dismissal of Rev. Loius Rou on Sptember 24, 1724 (O'Callaghan:283); the opening between 1699 and 1703 might be when he was born. No known marriage or children.+ 9. v. Peter Le Boiteulx, born before March 23, 1703 in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ; baptized as "Piter" on March 23, 1703 at the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan, Somerset County, NJ, the child of "Gabriell Lebersten"; married Jemima Bries abt. 1727.
10. vi. Jantien Le Boiteulx, born June 17, 1704 in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ; baptized August 1, 1704, a child of "Gabriel de Beten" and "Constans," witnessed by "Jantien Cure" [Carre], at the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan (SHSQ 2:42).
11. vii. Benjamin Le Boiteulx, born Bef. April 27, 1709 in Piscataway, Middlesex, NJ. "Benjamin" was baptized April 27, 1709, a child of "Gabriel Beten" and his wife, with "Lisebet Beten" (older sister Elizabeth?) as a witness at the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan (SHSQ 2:45).
12. viii. Catherine Le Boiteulx, born abt. 1712; married Jean "John" Bodine abt. 1731. Catherine La Boyteaux is listed as being born about 1710/14 in New Jersey and being married to Daniel Sebring by the National Huguenot Society (Finnell:133). In an article about Raritan Landing, Gabriel's daughter Catherine or Catrina is mentioned as the wife of John Bodine (NJHS 54:97). In the Sebring genealogy, "Catherine Leboiteaux" is mentioned as "supposedly" being the wife of Daniel Sebring, but no records are cited (Sebring:20). There is a baptism recorded at the Harlingen Reformed Church on March 29, 1732 for Maria, child of John Bodine and Catherine Labytne [Laboyteaux] which tends to support her first marriage to John Bodine. Perhaps John Bodine died and she married secondly, Daniel Sebring. Some support for this exists in a February 6, 1755 baptism record of Johannes, son of Cornelius and Maria Ten Broeck, where "Catherine Le boy Teaub" and Daniel Sebring were witnesses (SCHQ 6:59).
Catherine and John Bodine lived in Raritan Landing on the Road to the Wharf. They were occupants of house no. 23 to 1742 and house no. 39 from 1740 to 1770 (NYHS 54:196, 200).
13. ix. Maria Le Boiteulx, baptized May 18, 1715, a child of "Betue, ____ and wife" at the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan, Somerset County, New Jersey, witnessed by "Merkiese," most likely Marquise, an older sister (SCHQ 2:141). Maria must have been named in place of their oldest daughter Maria who had married Rev. Louis Rou and died about 1713 after the birth of her first child. Maria or Mary was present as a witness to the infant baptisms of several of her nieces.
7. PAUL LE BOYTEULX was born November 19, 1699 in New York City, New York and was baptized on November 22, 1699 by pastor Pierre Peiret at the French Church du Saint Esprit (Church of the Holy Spirit). In the baptism record his parents were given as "Gabriel Le Boyteulx" and "agnes constance le Brun," and witnesses were "Elie Boudinot le jeune" and "marie Catherine Carre." (Wittmeyer:68) He married (1) Elizabeth Smock 1719. He married (2) Elizabeth Henry November 9, 1749.
"Elizabet Smock" is listed as an original member of the New-Brunswick Church which was started as early as 1717 (Messler:165). "Paul Le Boyton" is listed as a church member in 1732-35 (Steel:198). Many people researching the Laboyteaux genealogy have assumed Paul Le Boiteulx and Elizabeth Smock had four children: John, Joseph, Elizabeth and Peter John born in Somerset County, NJ. (IGI, 1994 ver. 3.05) Paul and Elizabeth lived where Paul's father Gabriel had settled at the "Landing" on the Raritan River in what is now Piscataway Township, Somerset County, NJ. They became owners and occupants of Peter Kemble's house near the wharf (NJHS 54:98), which is referred to as dwelling no. 43 in the article by Vermeule (NJHS: 196, 200). Paul was involved in selling lots at the "Landing" in 1742, possibly connected with his father's estate (NJHS 54:97).
Between 1736 and 1743 Paul Le Boiteulx had a joint account at Jacob Janeway's store with John Bodine, his sister Catherine's husband (Stryker 34:74). According to these accounts, Paul lived at "ye Landing." Another entry tells that Peter Kimble delivered goods to Paul "Laboyteul" (Stryker 34:73).
On November 9, 1749 Paul Leboyteulx of Middlesex County and Elisabeth Henry of Middlesex County were married (Nebon:238). This has generally been assumed to be Paul's second marriage and not a marriage of another Paul Laboyteaux in the third generation, although it is a possibility this was Paul's son. It also indicates a move of Paul from Somerset to Middlesex County, although it may only have been a shift from the eastern side to the western side of the Raritan River at Piscataway. On July 24, 1752 "Paul Leboiteux" was named executor in the will of Roelof Sebring of Somerset County, Paul's stepfather. Roelof Sebring's second marriage was to "Angenitje Leboiteaux," Paul's mother.
There is another will related record for a Paul Le Boiteulx. On September 17, 1766, "Paul le Boyteul" witnessed the will of John Henry of New Brunswick, Middlesex County, presumably his father-in-law (NJ Cal. of Wills). In the early 1780s there are records of cash payments by Mrs. Meyers for a widow named Elizabeth Laboyteaux, possibly Paul's wife, who was attended by Dr. Moses Scott M.D. of New Brunswick on August 7, 1781, August 9, 1784, and April 6, 1785 (GMNJ 60:14).
Several Laboyteaux family histories have stated that Paul had several "children of record" from his first marriage to Elizabeth Smock: Gabriel Jr., John, Joseph, Phoebe, Elizabeth, and Peter. Some assumed that all records of Laboyteaux children in the third generation belonged to Paul as he was the only known son and named heir in New Jersey. We now know this was not true and, in fact, there are presently no known records of Paul's marriage to Elizabeth Smock nor records proving these to be his children. Some have suggested that his children were baptized in the Raritan Reformed Church under the surname of Butner/Botner between 1720 and 1733. I find it a stretch to get this surname from the French sound of Le "Boiteulx" and others have suggested that "Butner" was actually the surname "Potner" (Stryker 33:3).
The descendants of Peter Laboyteaux who married Keziah Sebring and moved to Hamilton County, Ohio in about 1800, trace their line back to Paul Laboyteaux (Dickore:256; Wells:2). Based on this Peter's gravestone inscription, his birth year has been placed as 1737. Contemporary with this Peter is the Peter Laboyteaux who is believed to have married Sarah "Polly" Potts and from whom the Finger Lakes region La Berteaux family descends. Since there are two Peters in the third generation, it has been assumed that the brothers Peter and Paul both had one son named Peter, but who belongs to who? Family tradition has long held that Peter who went to Ohio was Paul's son and we will have to leave it that way until new information suggests otherwise. No will nor estate settlements have been located for either Peter or Paul in the second generation.Children of Paul Le Boyteulx and (1) Elizabeth Smock are:
14. i. Elizabeth Laboyteaux, born abt. 1732 in of Somerset Co., New Jersey.
+ 15. ii. Peter Laboyteaux, born 1737 in Raritan Landing, Somerset, New Jersey; died September 14, 1813 in Hamilton, Ohio. He married Keziah Sebring 1757 in New Jersey.
9. PETER LE BOYTEULX was baptized as "Piter" on March 23, 1703 in the records of the Reformed Dutch Church of Raritan, New Jersey, the child of "Gabriell Lebersten," an early New Jersey name attributed to Gabriel La Boyteulx (SHSQ 2:41). This was the earliest church organization in the region, starting in 1699, but the location of church services was not known until 1721. According to the National Huguenot Society, Peter La Boyteaux married Jemymes Bries about 1730 (Finnell:133). Their marriage probably occurred earlier than this, most likely in 1727 or 1728 as their son, Gabriel, was baptized December 22, 1728. This baptismal record shows Gabriel, the child of "Peter Bettieu" and "Jemymy [Bries?]," and witnessed by "Agnietje Bettiew," most likely, Peter's mother, Agnes Laboyteaux (NJHS 11:211). That Jemima's surname was "Bries" is strengthened by another baptismal record of their son Joseph which was witnessed by "Henne Bries" (SHSQ 2:215). Hendrick Bries was a deacon in the Dutch Church. The Dutch Reformed Church (RDC) at New Brunswick, which was started in 1717 and is now the First Reformed Church of New Brunswick. After this baptism, Peter and Jemima had three children baptized at the Reformed Church of Raritan. In these baptismal records his name is spelt Betu, Puetue and Petue. The last baptism record for their son Peter occurs in the RDC of New Brunswick.
There are several records about Peter and his brother Paul in the vicinity of Raritan Landing where their father Gabriel lived in East New Jersey. The old settlement was simply known as the "Landing" and was situated on the banks of the Raritan River opposite New Brunswick in what is now Piscataway Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Both Peter and his brother Paul are listed in the "Janeway Accounts" which were business accounts kept by Jacob Janeway for his store in Bridgewater (now Bound Brook), seven miles from Raritan Landing. There is one entry for "Peter Laboyteulx" in August 1741 with a notation that Peter was living near the Landing. Paul, evidently was living at "ye Landing" (Stryker 34:74).
Peter Laboyteulx was also mentioned in connection with "Piscataway" in the mid-1700s. On November 29, 1746, "Peter Leboyteuix" was a witness to the will of Henrick Smock of Piscataway (NJ Wills 32:303). In 1748, 1750 and 1752, Peter "Labryteulx / Labuyteuk / Leboyteaux" is listed as a freeholder (land owner) in the town of Piscataway, Middlesex County (Monnette 3:358, 380; 4:551). Nothing more is presently known about Peter and Jemima or where they died.
+ 16. i. Gabriel Laboyteaux, bap. December 22, 1728, child of Peter Bettieu and Jemymy [Bries?], wit. Agnietje Bettiew (Peter's mother, Agnes) at New Brunswick First Ref. Ch. (NJHS 11:211); married (1) wife unknown, (2) Mary Fitz Randolph on December 31, 1772 in Piscataway, Somerset, NJ.
+ 17. ii. Peter Laboyteaux, born about 1729. There is no known baptism or birth record for Peter Laboyteaux who married Sarah Potts. Based on his marriage date, Sarah's birth date and the traditional naming order, I have placed Peter's birth about 1729. Peter could be placed with Gabriel's son Paul, but family tradition has assigned the Peter Laboyteaux (1737-1813) who went to Ohio about 1800 as Paul's son (Wells:2).
+ 18. iii. Joseph Laboyteaux, bap. "Josup" March 14, 1731, child of Pieter Betu, wit. Henne Bries (possibly a nickname for a grandparent Bries? at First Ref. Ch. Raritan (SHSQ 2:215); believed to be the Joseph who married Catherine Sickles December 17, 1769 in Christ Church, New Brunswick, Middlesex, NJ.
+ 19. iv. Paul Laboyteaux, bap. "Poules" April 15, 1733, child of Piter Peutue and Jemyme, wit. Mariya Puetue (probably Peter's sister) at First Ref. Ch. Raritan (SHSQ 2:216); believed to be Paul who married Elizabeth Daily about 1765 and had three daughters baptized at First Presbyterian Church NYC.
20. vi. Maria/Mary Laboyteaux, bap. "Marya" August 7, 1735, child of Pieter Petue and wife Jemyma, wit. Marya Petue at First Ref. Ch. Raritan (SHSQ 2:298).
+ 21. v. John Laboyteaux, born abt. 1737 in Somerset Co., NJ; married Hannah Smith October 22, 1762 in NY.
15. PETER LABOYTEAUX was born 1737 in Raritan Landing, Somerset, New Jersey, and died September 14, 1813 in Hamilton, Ohio. He married Keziah Sebring in 1756 in New Jersey. Keziah died February 1, 1814, aged 70 years in Hamilton County, Ohio (Wells:2).
According to both Ford's and Nelson's Histories of Hamilton County, Ohio cited by Ruth Wells, Peter Laboyteaux arrived in Hamilton County in 1801. Deed records show that he bought the east 1/2 of section 32, Springfield Township, containing 320 acres on December 5, 1804 (Wells:2). Several articles about this Peter state without sources that he was born at Raritan Landing, New Jersey in 1737, son of Paul and grandson of Gabriel Laboyteaux, and married Keziah Sebring in 1756 (Wells: 2; Dickore: 255). The date of his land purchase in Ohio in 1804 is interesting as it is the last year that a Peter Laboyteaux is listed on the tax rateables in Hillsborough Township, Somerset County, New Jersey (FHL 865,490). This Peter is listed from 1779 until 1804, being taxed on between 127 and 140 acres and having 9 white inhabitants in 1784. This would be the right size of Peter's family at that time. Also, in 1793 a John Laboyteaux, "singleman," is listed in Hillborough for the first time and up until 1803 when he was taxed on 152 acres. This would fit Peter's oldest son John P. Laboyteaux. Additionally, there is a baptism record at the Neshanic Reformed Dutch Church in Hillsborough for a "Pieter" baptized September 7, 1783, child of "Peiter Bertu and Casia" which is probably Peter and Keziah (SHSQ 1:134; Potter:60). Furthermore, the husbands of two of Peter's daughters, William Van Dyke and Reuben Stout, are listed in Hillsborough in the 1793 census (Norton: 398-399). On the other hand, Nelson's history of Hamilton County gives Hunterdon County, New Jersey as the former residence of John P. Laboyteaux before he moved to Ohio (Nelson: 434). Nelson also states that John's father was Peter Laboiteaux, a Revolutionary soldier. According to Nelson, Peter came to Hamilton County in 1801 and John P. came in 1814. Regardless, it appears Peter Laboyteaux was in his 60s when he and Keziah moved with most of their family, most likely from Somerset County, New Jersey, to Hamilton County, Ohio.
Both Peter and Keziah were buried in the Laboyteaux Cemetery, burial land set aside by Peter shortly after he settled along Hamilton Road, north of Cincinnati, now on the corners of Van Zandt and Hamilton Roads, Hamilton County. Peter Laboyteuax died September 14, 1813, aged 76 years; Keziah died February 1, 1814, aged 70 years, "Consort of Peter Laboyteaux" (Dubbs and Klopp:258). Based on their ages at death from their gravestones, Peter was born about 1737 and Keziah about 1744 (graves at Hamilton and Galbraith roads). Peter left a will listing his sons Peter, Joseph, and John, and daughters Phebe, Mary, Abia, Dorety, Jemima, and Katherine (Hamilton Co. Will Bk 6, p. 481).
22. i. Maria "Mary" Laboyteaux, born June 10, 1758 in NJ; believed to have married William Van Dyke abt. 1781 in NJ, although some dispute this based on Mary's birth date which would have her mother giving birth at age 14 assuming Keziah was born about 1744; died about 1813 in Hamilton Co., OH. William Van Dyke, born May 21, 1756 in NJ; died bef. March 24, 1807 in Hamilton Co., OH. The births and baptism dates of four children (1797-1804) of William Van Dyke and "Mary Labryteaux" are recorded in the Neshanic Dutch Reformed Church, Somerset County, NJ (SHQR 4:59).
23. ii. Abiah Laboyteaux, born in NJ; married Reuben Stout abt. 1787 in NJ.
24. iii. Phoebe Laboyteaux, born in NJ.
25. iv. Dorety "Dorothy" Laboyteaux, born abt. 1772 in NJ; married Peter Smith.
26. v. John Peter Laboyteaux, born April 21, 1774 in NJ; died March 4, 1842 in Springfield, Hamilton, OH; married (1) Lena Cole abt. 1795; married (2) Sarah Lenah "Sallie" Lowe September 28, 1811 in Hunterdon Co., NJ (Hiram:168).
According to Nelson, John Peter Laboyteaux was a native of Hunterdon County, New Jersey and came to Hamilton County, Ohio in 1814 over ten years later than his father (Nelson:434). John P. located first on the northwest corner of Section 32 and then bought nearly all of Section 33 and became owner or original proprietor of village of Mt. Healthy on the west side of Hamilton Pike. John P. built a hewed log hotel and tavern in the village plat. He also established the principal industry of the village, a cooper shop, north of Compton road on the west side of the pike opposite Peter J. Laboiteaux's store.
John P. Laboyteaux died March 4, 1842, aged 67 yrs., 10 mo., 13 da., and was buried in the Laboyteaux Cemetery, Hamilton County with the words "A Native of New Jersey" (Dubbs and Klopp:258). His second wife "Sarah" was buried in the same cemetery earlier in 1842; she died January 16, 1842, aged 51 yr., 2 wk., 3 da.
27. vi. Jemima Laboyteaux, born May 10, 1777 in Somerset Co., NJ; died December 29, 1858 in Hamilton Co., OH; buried in Laboyteaux Cemetery, Hamilton Co., OH; married John Runyan December 6, 1795 Somerset Co., NJ (Sefton, 1997).
28. vii. Joseph Laboyteaux, born abt. 1780 in NJ married Hannah ___ in January 1806 in Hamilton Co., OH. Hannah died October 22, 1807 at age 23 years after giving birth to one child, William. Hannah was buried in the Laboyteaux Cemetery with a gravestone engraved with the words: "Consort of Joseph Labertew" and "Erected by her son William Labertew" (Dubbs and Klopp:257). Joseph was engaged in the coopering industry of Mt. Healthy (Nelson 435).
29. viii. Peter P. Laboyteaux, born July 10, 1784 in NJ; died July 20, 1847 in Henry Co., IN; married (1) Julia Elizabeth Packer 1804/5 in Hamilton Co., OH; married (2) Margaret Cameron in Hamilton Co., OH; married (3) Ann Batson May 24, 1834 in Henry Co., IN (Wells:3).
Peter P. Laboyteaux came to Ohio from New Jersey with his father, Peter, Sr. (Wells:3). Peter P. Laboyteaux and Matthias Miller were engaged in pork-packing in the village of Mt. Healthy. "The first silk industry in the West was established here by Peter J. Laboiteaux" (Nelson:435). Peter secured the services of an English silk weaver and conducted the manufacture of silk on a small scale for several years.
According to Ruth Wells, "Peter P. Laboyteaux sold his portion of his father's estate (after setting aside the cemetery land) to Benijah Cary. He then bought Benijah's farm on the east side of Hamilton pike. Possibly Peter P. Laboyteaux's first wife, Julia Elizabeth Packer, is buried in the family cemetery, although there is no stone and her exact date of death is not known. She is supposed to have died in 1813. Several years later he married Margaret Cameron, a daughter of Daniel Cameron, who was another early pioneer. In 1830, Peter P. Laboyteaux sold his farm and moved to Henry County, Indiana. This was an unfortunate move for Margaret. The history of Henry County relates that Squire Batson brought the cholera there after a trip to Cincinnati in 1833. Margaret nursed him, caught the cholera, and both were dead in less than a week. Margaret's oldest daughter, Elizabeth Ross, of Newcastle, Indiana took care of her mother, in turn catching the cholera and carrying it to Newcastle, where she and two children perished within three days. If Margaret's grave were ever marked, the stone has vanished. She may have been buried on the farm where she died or in the Batson Cemetery.
In 1834, Peter P. Laboyteaux married Ann Batson. Four children were born to them, three of whom appear in the Indiana records. Peter died in 1847 and was buried in the Batson Cemetery" (Wells:3).
30. ix. Catherine Laboyteaux, born December 9, 1792 in NJ; died September 9, 1855; buried in Batson Cemetery, Liberty, Henry, IN (Hamm:20); married Noah Runyan. Catherine and Noah moved from Hamilton County, Ohio to Henry County, Indiana about 1831.
16. GABRIEL LABOYTEAUX, was baptized on December 22, 1728, child of Peter Bettieu and Jemymy [Bries?], which was witnessed by Agnietje Bettiew (Gabriel's grandmother Agnes) at New Brunswick First Ref. Ch. (NJHS 11:211). He married 1) wife unknown, 2) Mary Fitz Randolph on December 31, 1772 in Piscataway, Somerset, NJ.
There are a few records which may be about this Gabriel Laboyteaux. There is a Gabriel Laboyteux listed from Piscataway, Middlesex County, NJ, in 1772 in the Early American Series (Early New Jersey Vol. 2). There is a marriage record of a Gabriel Laboyteaux and Mary Fitz Randolph who were married on December 31, 1772 by Rev. Jonathan Dunham at Piscataway Seventh Day Baptist Church (Nebon:645). If he was the Gabriel baptized in 1728, he would have been about age 44 when he married Mary, possibly his second marriage. Mary Fitz Randolph may have been from Samptown as her parents died at Samptown, Somerset County (Christian:25). Monnette records the same marriage with the note that administration papers were granted on this Gabriel's estate on February 21, 1792 (Monette:1517). Gabriel Laboyteux of Middlesex County died intestate. The administrator was Mollison Fitz Randolp (his father-in-law); fellowbondsman was Tristrum Manning, both of Middlesex County (Lib. 34, p. 313). An inventory of the estate amounting to L35.4.7 was made by Reune Fitz Randolph and Ephriam Drake and dated May 1, 1792 (Hutchinson:219; File 8065-8068L). It would be interesting to determine if any children were named in the settlement of Gabriel's estate.
Some descendants of Jemima Laboyteaux 1763-1839 who married Joshua Davis June 16, 1785 in Samptown, Somerset County, NJ, believe this Gabriel is Jemima's father. This is a possibility as Gabriel would have been age 35 when Jemima was born in 1763, but only if he was married before his marriage to Mary in 1772. This suggests a first marriage or an error in either Jemima Davis' birth year or the year of Gabriel's marriage to Mary. Jemima's marriage in Samptown and the fact the Randolph's were from the same town suggest a relationship. Also, the names in Jemima Davis' children and grandchildren such as Dunham, Randolph and Manning strongly suggest that Jemima Davis was the daughter of Gabriel Laboyteaux and Mary Fitz Randolph. For these reasons I have attached Jemima (Laboyteaux) Davis and her presumed brother, John G. Laboyteaux, to this Gabriel and Mary.Presumed children of Gabriel Laboyteaux and Mary Fitz Randolph are:
31. i. Jemima Laboyteaux, born October 25, 1763 in NJ; died September 19, 1854 Hamilton Co., OH; married Joshua Davis on June 16, 1785 in Samptown, Somerset County, NJ. Joshua Davis was born September 15, 1760 Middlesex Co., NJ; died October 23, 1839 Hamilton Co., OH. Both are buried in New Burlington Cemetery, Hamilton Co., OH (Sefton, 1998). Joshua Davis applied for a Revolutionary War pension on August 28, 1832; Jemima, widow, applied July 8, 1846, a resident of Mill Creek Township, Hamilton County. John G. Labertew or Laboyteaux made an affidavit in Owen County, IN on February 6, 1847 in support of Jemima's application. Many have suggested that John G. Laboyteaux was a brother of Jemima Laboyteaux and was married to Phebe "Davis," sister of Joshua Davis. Also, was John's middle initial "G." representative of "Gabriel?"
32. ii. John G. Laboyteaux, was born about 1770 in New York (census record); died about October 17, 1853 (will date) in Owen Co., IN; married and separated from Phebe (1768-1845). John G. "Labertew" provided affidavit for Jemima (Laboyteaux) Davis for Revolutionary War pension. John and Phebe had sons Asher b. 1800, Joseph b. 1802, Stephen b. 1804, William Elisha b. 1815 and a daughter Bathsheba b. 1807 as mentioned in John's 1853 will.
Phebe, the wife/widow/relict of John Laboyteaux who died New York;
Phoebe, the wife, of John G. Laboyteaux who died in Owen Co., IN
There is a baptism record of a John and Phebe Laboyteaux who had two sons baptized the same day, December 9, 1796 at the Neshanic Dutch Reformed Church, Hillsborough Twp., Somerset, NJ, named Peter b. November 28, 1792 and Joseph b. December 5, 1794 (SCHQ 2:306). It seems high coincidential that this John and Phebe would not be one and the same as our subjects. However, this Peter J. and the Joseph born in 1794 are not mentioned in John's will. Joseph may have died at a young age, but Peter is believed to be the Peter J. Laboyteaux who married Phoebe Davis in 1817 in Hamilton Co., OH. Both Peter and Joseph have tentatively been attached to John and Phebe based on this information only.
This John Laboyteaux is probably the one listed on tax rateables of Hillsborough Township, Somerset County between 1789-1796 and 1802-1809.
17. PETER LABOYTEAUX, son of Peter La Boyteulx and Jemima Bries, was baptized April 16, 1738 as "Peter" child of "Pter Botaou" and "Eme" [short Dutch nickname for Jemima?] and witnessed by his aunt, "Catrena Bodin" (Catherine Laboyteaux), at the RDC at New Brunswick, Middlesex, NJ (Potter:29). The spelling of "Botaou" in Potter's transcription occurs as Botdon [Bodine]" elsewhere (NJHS 11:405). Since most baptisms were witnessed by a blood relative, the presence of Catherin, Peter's sister, supports the surname of the child being "Boyteaux." The spelling is similar to that used for Paul, the brother of Peter Sr., in the records of the DRC of Brunswick. What little else we know about this immediate family comes from oral family history and an old Laboyteaux family Bible. It is actually "The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jufus Chrift," printed in London by Thomas and Robert Baskett ca. 1720. Family history has it that the wife of Peter was Sarah or Polly Potts. Evidently, the Bible has been described as being given to a Peter Laboyteaux (1790-1870) by his grandmother on his 21st birthday which contained some family records preserved on LDS Family History Library film #483,545. Peter was the son of Jacob Laberteaux 1769-1838 and his grandmother would be Sarah (Potts) Laboyteaux. In the Bible is the record of "Sarah Pots Born on November the 22 In the year of our Lord God 1731." Peter Laboyteaux's name (her husband) is scratched out above the name of Peter Wimmer (her grandson) on another slip of paper in the Bible. A page sewed into the Bible contains the birth dates of "Jeamima, Eleasebit, William, Jacob, Angenitije, and Geabere," probable children of Peter and Sarah. If the story is true that Sarah gave it to Peter on his 21st birthday, the year of this event would be 1812 when Peter's family was in Cayuga County, New York. It would also mean that Sarah was alive then and probably died there. The Bible also contained the marriage record of "gemima Labuteaux" and "Jacob Wimmer" on December 11, 1781. Perhaps Sarah wrote these records about her oldest daughter and recorded the birth date of her oldest grandson, Peter Wimmer 1782-1864, to remember this part of her family who moved to Ohio and Indiana. Could she have been alive for the 1820 census and was listed in the household of her son Jacob as one of two females over age 45?
Recorded in the baptismal records of the Harlingen Reformed Dutch Church (Mongtomery Twp., Somerset Co.) is a group of children baptized on January 12, 1770 to "Pieter Betu & Sarah:" Willem, Jacob, Benjamin, and Elisabet (Gen. Mag. NJ 19:37). I believe this may be the family of Peter Laboyteaux and Sarah Potts, but without mention of Jemima or the siblings born after 1770 (i.e. Angenitye and Geabere (Gabriel)). Benjamin is not listed in the Bible record, perhaps he was a son or a twin who died soon after this baptism. Jemima may had been baptized somewhere else or, at age six, considered too old for infant baptism. Another possibility is that the Domine (i.e. Dutch minister) mistakenly wrote Benjamin instead of Jemima when he was remembering to write down all the names in this group of children. While the surname "Betu" is a far cry from Laboyteaux, I have seen this name spelt as Le boyteux, Leboyteul, Leboyteux, Laboyteux, La Borteaux, Labytne, Laberteau, LeBaytoo, Bateaux, Bettieu, Peutue, Petue, etc. It appears some of the Dutch ministers spelt the name as it sounded without the "La" or "Le." These Dutch records for "Betu" or similar spellings "Puetue/Petue, Bettieu" may have been overlooked by other family history researchers that relate to the early Laboyteaux family in New Jersey.
Research by Ann Callahan in the 1950s led her to firmly believe that Peter Laboyteaux married Mary "Polly" Potts, daughter of Rev. Joshua Potts and Ann Borden of Burlington, New Jersey. There is no firm connection of Peter or of a Sarah Potts to this family. The birth of Joshua Potts in 1714 or 1719 would mean he was only age 12 or 17 when Sarah Potts was born in 1731. Another record shows Joshua Potts was married in 1742, a decade after Sarah Potts was born.
Other family stories have Peter and Sarah joining the Conewago Colony of Reformed-minded people who migrated from New Jersey to Adams and York Counties in southern Pennsylvania, just south of Gettysburg, in the latter half of the 1700s. Peter's name is not listed on the heads of household for that colony nor have any records about him surfaced in Pennsylvania. His son Jacob Laboyteaux, however, is recorded as marrying Ann Ammerman at the Reformed Dutch Church of Conewago in Straban Township, then in York County (now Adams), Pennsylvania on January 26, 1790. Ann's father, Hendrick Ammerman is listed as one of the male family-heads who went to this colony, many of whom came from Somerset and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. As a young man, Jacob could have gone to this colony by himself, without his parents.
There are just a few records from New Jersey about "Peter Laboyteaux" which could be about our subject or the many other Peters that were from this family in the late 1700s. "Peter" seemed to be a very popular name by the fourth generation. There was a Peter "La Boyteaux" who signed an oath of abjuration and allegiance at a meeting of the Council of Safety of New Jersey in Hunterdon County in July of 1777 (Nat. Gen. Soc. Quart. 48:156). A Peter Bateaux (Labioteaux) is listed on the militia roll dated November 30, 1792 from the Town of Reading (Readington Twp.), Hunterdon County (NJ Men and Soldiers of 1793, p. 190). These records have been assumed to be about Peter, son of Paul, who went to Ohio in the early 1800s. Even though Peter (ca. 1729) may have been to old to fight in the Revolution, this information should be looked into further as there seem to be other "Peter" Laboyteauxes during this time period. Several Peter Laboyteauxes appear on tax lists in the late 1700s in central New Jersey, which could be our subject, or not. The meager records during the Colonial Period and the destruction by the British during the Revolutionary War make our task difficult.Children of Peter La Boyteaux and Sarah Potts are:
33. i. Jemima Laboyteaux, born May 12, 1763 (Laboyteaux Bible record); married Jacob Wimmer on November 11, 1781; died August 1833 in Henry Co., IN.
34. ii. Elizabeth Laboyteaux, born April 9, 1765 (Laboyteaux Bible record); baptized at Harlingen Reformed Dutch Church (Mongtomery, Somerset, NJ.) on January 12, 1770 (Gen. Mag. NJ, 19:37); married (1) Capt. Andrew Brown, of Monmouth Co, NJ, on March 12, 1783, both of New Jersey, by Dr. Rodgers during his exile from the city of New York (NYGBR 12:35); married (2) William Carver May 3, 1792 in NYC at the Protestant Dutch Church (NY Gen. Biog. Soc., 1890, p. 266).
35. iii. William Laboyteaux, born May 23, 1767 (Laboyteaux Bible record); baptized at Harlingen Ref. Dutch Ch. on January 12, 1770 (Gen. Mag. NJ, 19:37); married Eva van Cleave abt. 1793. "William "Labertude and Eve Van Cleve" had a daughter, Catherine, born in November 1794 baptized December 9, 1796 at the Neshanic DRC (SCHQ 2:306).
36. iv. Benjamin Laboyteaux, born before January 12, 1770; baptized at Harlingen Ref. Dutch Ch. on January 12, 1770 (Gen. Mag. NJ, 19:37).
37. iv. Jacob Laboyteaux, born May 20, 1769 (Laboyteaux Bible record); baptized at Harlingen Ref. Dutch Ch. on January 12, 1770 (Gen. Mag. NJ, 19:37); died October 31, 1838 in MI; married Anne Ammerman January 26, 1790 at the Conewago DRC, Straban Twp., Adams, PA (Conewago Colony), (SCHQ 6:280); buried Hotchkiss Cemetery, Marshall Twp., Calhoun, MI.
38. v. Angenitije Laboyteaux, born September 9, 1771 (Laboyteaux Bible record).
39. vi. Gabriel Laboyteaux, born January 7, 1773 (Laboyteaux Bible record).
18. JOSEPH LABOYTEAUX was baptized "Josup" March 14, 1731, child of Pieter Betu, wit. Henne Bries (possibly a nickname for a Bries grandparent?) at First Ref. Ch. Raritan, Somerset Co., NJ (SHSQ 2:215). He is probably the Joseph "L'Bateaux" who married Catherine Sickles December 17, 1769 in Christ Church, New Brunswick, Middlesex, NJ (Nebon:622).
It appears Joseph and Catherine moved to NYC. On September 11, 1770 Joseph "Labatoux," cordwainer (shoemaker), paid and was made a freeman of New York (NYHSC 18:234). On April 22, 1772 the Council of the Colony of New York (vol. 31:5) granted the petition of Elihu Spencer and associates, which included John and Joseph Laboyteux and seven others, to patent 10,000 acres of land in Gloucester County, Province of New York (now northeastern Vermont). On September 19, 1772, a daughter Sarah, born to Joseph Laboyteaux and Catherine Sickles, was baptized at the First Presbyterian Church NYC (NYGBR 9:170).
Their time in NYC was probably only a few years when the British occupied the city in 1776-83 and forced many of the patriots to New Jersey. He is most likely the Joseph Laboyteaux who was listed as rateable (taxed) inhabitant of Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey during the American Revolution in 1778-80 (Stryker-Rodda: list II). On August 8, 1781, Joseph Laboyteaux of Amwell Township placed an ad in the New Jersey Gazette for a lad Janes Cress, age 16, who ran away (Wilson: 25). He is most likely the Joseph Laboyteaux, a boot and shoemaker, who placed an advertisement in the February 7, 1792 Brunswick Gazette that he had moved to the house lately occupied by Peter Wyckoff and formerly by Gisbert Van Sickle (possible relative of his wife Catherine?) (Wilson: 371). A 1795 NYC Directory listing of Joseph Laboyteaux, shoemaker, living at 33 Banker Street suggests Joseph may have moved back to NYC after the Revolution. Joseph "Labatoix," a shoemaker, is also listed at 4 East George St. in the 1808 NYC Directory.
Children of Joseph Laboyteaux and Catherine Sickles are:
40. i. Catherine La Boyteaux, born October 31, 1770, New York, NY; baptized: March 8, 1771, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, New York, NY; married Cornelius Jewel. Feynie, a child of "Caty Laboyteaux and Cornelius Jewel" was baptized April 24, 1790 at the Conewago DRC (Conewago Colony), Straban Twp., Adams, PA (SCHQ 6:280).
41. ii. Sarah Laboyteaux, born September 19, 1772, NYC, New York, NY; baptized September 27, 1772 First Presbyterian Church, New York, NY.
42 iii. Peter La Boyteaux, born abt. 1775, NYC, New York, NY. Some family notes say he may have married Letitia Wilt or Witt June 21, 1797 in Christ Episcopal Church and died in 1802.
19. PAUL LABOYTEAUX was baptized as "Poules" on April 15, 1733, child of "Piter Peutue" and "Jemyme" and witnessed by "Mariya Puetue" (probably Peter's sister) at the First Reformed Church of Raritan (SHSQ 2:216). He may be the Paul Laboyteaux who married Elizabeth Daily about 1765 and had three daughters baptized on July 9, 1775 at the First Presbyterian Church in the City of New York (NYGBR 10:180).Children of Paul Laboyteaux and Elizabeth Daily are:
43. i. Jemima Laboyteaux, born September 1, 1766. I have attached the Jemima Laboyteaux who married John Van Nordstrand here to Paul and Elizabeth based only on her age and that presently, she is the only other known Jemima without a known husband. This Jemima Laberteaux and John Van Nordstrand had a daughter, Lenah, baptized August 7, 1796 and a son, Aaron, baptized April 15, 1798 at the New Brunswick First Ref. Ch., New Brunswick, Middlesex, NJ (Proc. NJ Hist. Soc. 13:80).
44. ii. Mary Laboyteaux, born August 1, 1769.
45. iii. Elizabeth Laboyteaux, born May 30, 1772.
21. JOHN LABOYTEAUX was born abt. 1737 in of Somerset Co., New Jersey, and died May 26, 1780 off the coast of New Jersey. He married Hannah Smith October 22, 1762 in Trinity Church, New York City, New York, NY; she died September 28, 1819 NYC, New York, NY.
John Laboyteaux is well known in the family history for his Revolutionary War service. The first mention of this John Laboyteaux is a record of his marriage to Hannah Smith from the Trinity Church Parish records on October 22, 1762 in New York City (Tucker 6:380; NYGBR 70:45). If we assume he was 21 years of age when he married, then we can say he was born about or before 1740. There is no known baptism record for this John connecting him to Peter and Jemima Laboyteaux, but circumstantial evidence is presented below which connects him to this family unit.
John and Hannah Laboyteaux lived in the city of New York and had six children baptized at the First Presbyterian Church of New York City. Their birth and baptism dates are recorded in the NYGBR. The first three sons were given the names of John, Peter and Gabriel. When the first son named Gabriel died, the next son was given the same name. This sequence of names is interesting. Could he have named his first son after himself - John, the second after his father - Peter, and the third after his grandfather - Gabriel?
John was a tailor and was a prosperous and respected citizen. He is listed on December 8, 1766 and April 18, 1767 as a bondsman for two marriages in New York City (Scott: 282, 325). On August 21, 1767 "John Laboyteau" was named in an administration bond for William Allison (Scott:7). "John Laboyteaux," tailor, paid and was made a freeman of New York on January 31, 1769 (NYHSC 18:218).
On April 22, 1772 the Council of the Colony of New York (vol. 31:5) granted the petition of Elihu Spencer and associates which included John and Joseph Laboyteux and seven others, to patent 10,000 acres of land in Gloucestor County, New York (now northeastern Vermont). In 1775, John Laboyteaux was a grand juror in NYC (Scott: 49).
There are earlier baptism records for a Joseph and a Paul, children of Peter and Jemima (Bries) Laboyteaux, but no baptism record is presently known for a John Laboyteaux. Several events involving a John, Joseph and Paul Laboyteaux in NYC suggests they were closely related, brothers most likely, and the sons of Peter and Jemima Laboyteaux. "John Layboyteaux, the tailor, paid to become a freeman in 1769 and in 1770, "Joseph Labatoux," the cordwainer (shoemaker), also paid to become a freeman in NYC (NYHSC 18:218, 234). As stated above, John and Joseph were named together in the 1772 petition involving land in Gloucester County. John, Joseph and Paul had children baptized in a ten-year period at the First Presbyterian Church of NYC. John Laboyteaux and Hannah Smith had seven children baptized there between 1765 and 1775. In 1772, Joseph Laboyteaux and Catherine Sickles had a daughter baptized there (NYGBR 9:170). Similarly, Paul Laboyteaux and Elizabeth Daily had three daughters baptized there on July 9, 1775 (NYGBR 10:180). Joseph and Catherine Sickles were married in 1769 at Christ Church, New Brunswick, New Jersey, near the Raritan homestead of the progenitor, Gabriel. These NYC events suggest the movement of part of the family (i.e., John, Joseph, and Paul), back to NYC.
In fall of 1775, John and Hannah gave their seventh son the very patriotic name of "George Washington Laboyteaux." A note on his baptism record of October 1, 1775 states: "So called after his Excellency George Washington, Esqr., General & Commander in Chief of the Continental Army" (NYGBR 11:29). There seems to be no doubt where the political sympathies rested for John Laboyteaux! The same church records note that the minister, Dr. Rodgers, left the city due to the approach of the British Army on September 14, 1776. The Revolution had started and soon the British would occupy the city from October 1776 to November 1783.
In his book on The Huguenots in America , Jon Butler uses John Laboyteaux to illustrate the demise of the Huguenot society in New York (Butler: 145-46). He explains that by "1750 Huguenot assimilation and internal disintegration were virtually complete and awaited only the collapse of the New York City's French Church in 1776." John Laboyteaux followed this pattern by marrying an English woman, Hannah Smith, and having their children baptized in the city's Presbyterian Church rather than the French Church. His grandfather, Gabriel Laboyteaux ranked in the top 10 percent of the city taxpayers in the 1690s, but John Laboyteaux was only a tailor. John and Hannah's one notable political act, according to Butler, was becoming the first known parents in America to name a child after the man who had been designated in June to command the military forces of the Continental Congress then meeting in Philadelphia.
Early in the War of the Revolution, Captain John "Labayteaux" is first recorded as being a Grenadier in New York City's Independent Companies during 1775-76. He was in a regiment of 15 men where grenadiers were each equipped with six grenades at hand and with matches alight, posted along the city's fortifications. The company's colors were "Blue Coat Faced Red" and their ranks were "filled by men from upper levels of society" (Himone:71). John is also listed as "John Labeauteaux," 2nd Lt. in "The Union", an officer in the Battalion of Independent Foot Companies in NYC (O'Callaghan 8:602). Francis Heitman's Officers of Continental Army lists "John Laboteaux" as a Captain in Col. Malcolm's New York Regiment, serving from March to November 1776 (Heitman: 337). There are eight roll call musters that John is listed for: September 29, October 4 (John on furlough) and 24, November 2, 4, 7, 14 and 22, 1776. Captain John Laboyteaux is also listed in the First and Second Volunteer Regiments who served in 1775-76 for six months service under Lieut.-Col. Andrew Stockhlom (Fernow:542).
John, no doubt, left NYC after the patriots were defeated and the city was occupied by the British. We next find him listed as John Laboytaux, private first class, from City of Philadelphia who was called into service July 1777 and was paid August 11, 1777 for Revolutionary War service in Capt. Lazarus Pine Company, Fourth Battalion (PA:282). John seems to have established residency in Philadelphia as a "John Labateaux" of the High Street Ward was assessed an effective supply tax of L30 and a state tax of L7.10.0 in 1779 for defense of the state (PA:523, 799).
John Laboyteaux died in 1780 as his will was dated May 21, 1780 and proved in Philadelphia June 29, 1780 (NYHSC: 35:199-200). Laboyteaux family history says he died from a leg wound received during the war. Another eye-witness account of his death was provided by Philip Freneau in his short book, Some Account of the Capture of the Ship "Aurora." Although John's first name is not given in the account, he is called "Captain Laboyteaux" and presumably is our subject. Evidently Captain John Laboyteaux was on the ship Aurora which set sail from Philadelphia on May 25, 1780. While sailing down Delaware Bay the ship overtook a small sloop loaded with corn. On the next day, Friday May 26, they put a pilot on the samll sloop, handcuffed the prisoners, and sent the prize to Captain May. At three o'clock in the afternoon the Aurora was overtaken by three British ships returning from Charleston to New York; the frigate Iris and two brigs. The Aurora sailed for the New Jersey shore at Cape Helopen and was becalmed by the wind and the ebb of the tide about 300 hundred yards from land. The British frigate opened fire at the same distance with its cannon and was no match for the four-ponders of the Aurora. "At last a twelve-pound shot came from the frigate and, striking a parcel of oars lashed upon the starboard quarter, broke them all in two, and continuing its destructive course struck Captain Laboyteaux in the right thigh, which it smashed to atoms, tearing part of his belly open at the time with the splinters from the oars; he fell from the quarter deck close to me and for some time seemed very busily engaged in setting his leg to rights. He died about eleven the same night and next day was sewed up in his hammock and sunk." The Aurora "struck" or surrendered after about one hour of the unequal contest (Freneau: 19-21).
This must have been a difficult time for Hannah as she also gave birth to their last child, George Laboyteaux, on June 12, 1780 (Humphrey: 298). In his will, John Laboyteaux of Philadelphia, named his wife Hannah, children John, Samuel Smith, Peter, Gabriel, William, Hanna, and Nancy. John gave his oldest son L50 more than the others. The executors were his wife, Thomas Pearsall of NYC, merchant, and Benjamin Helme of NYC, attorney-at-law. Timothy Brundige, William Kennan and John Vandegrist were witnesses. The will was proved in Pennsylvania and recorded at Albany, New York in Wills and Probates (vol. I, p. 107, no. 1085; Fernow: 247).
Following the Revolutionary War, we find John's widow, Hannah, living back in NYC and as owner of a boarding house. She is listed in the 1787 NYC Directory as "Mrs. Laboytoufe, boarding houfe, 21 Princeis ftreet" (NYC:24). During 1789-92 she was living at 30 Broad St.; 1795 at 13 Front St.; 1799 Mrs. Laboyteaux, boarding-house, 81 Pearl.
On May 21, 1787, Hannah Laboyteaux was one of many petitioners to the Supreme Court of Judicature of the State of New York concerning the disposition of the manor confiscated from Frederick Philipse, a loyalist. Hannah was awarded L5.17s.9d from the Philipse estate (WCHS 14:84). On June 12, 1787 Hannah Laboyteaux, widow of NYC, was granted administration of the estate of John Hodgson who died intestate, heir to succeed John Laboyteaux (NYHSC 38:351). Hannah appears to have been a land speculator in Ohio. "Hannah Labteaux" was listed as a proprietor with residence in "New York [Philada]" who bought one share through the Sargent agency; sales of lots occurred in NYC between September 21 and October 9, 1787 (NEHGR 65:148).
"Hannah Labateaux" appears in the first US Census of 1790 living in the Dock Ward of New York City. Her household consisted of one free male over age 16, three white females, and two other free persons. On September 18, 1795 the death of Lewis Van den Enden at Mrs. Laboyteau's No. 13 Front Street. boarding house was recorded by the City (NYGBR 81:149).
Hannah died September 28, 1819 in NYC. Her obituary was as follows: "DIED - Tuesday evening of a short illness, Mrs. Hannah Laboyteaux, an old and respectable inhabitant of this city, aged 80 years" (The New-York Evening Post; no. 5394, Thurs., Sept. 30, 1819, p. 2).Children of John Laboyteaux and Hannah Smith are:
46. i. John Laboyteaux, born December 25, 1764 in New York City, New York; died October 1794 in Hillsborough, Somerset, NJ. John Laboyteaux was baptized January 13, 1765, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY.
There is a recorded incident involving a John Laboyteaux in 1786, which I have assumed to be about this John since his father died in 1780. In the NYC Court records, a John Laboyteaux was indicted for starting a riot and charged with assault and battery. He plead not guilty and was acquitted February 11, 1786 (Scott: 63). Unless there was another John Laboyteaux, this same John was on the grand jury May 5, 1787 (Scott:69). This might also be the same John whose one-line obituary was recorded in the New-York Magazine as "Laboyteaux, John late of NYC d. in NJ., Oct. 1794" (Scott:227). He is probably the same "John Laboytraux" of Hillsborough Township, Somerset County, New Jersey, who died intestate as recorded October 21, 1794 in the New Jersey Index of Wills (NJSA 8:219). An inventory amounting to L111.10.0 made by Benijah Stout and William Salter was dated October 23, 1794. William Laboytraux, of the City of Newark was named administrator and Peter Laboytraux, was fellow bondsman, yeoman of Somerset County. Could William and Peter be John's brothers or was his brother William too young to be named administrator?
47. ii. Samuel Smith Laboyteaux, born February 22, 1766 in NYC, NY; baptized February 24, 1766, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY.
48. iii. Peter Laboyteaux, born June 21, 1767 in NYC, NY; baptized July 22, 1767, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY.
There is no proof that the following is about this Peter, son of John and Hannah, however, his age fits and perhaps Peter settled here with other Laboyteaux relatives during the Revolution. There are several records about a Peter Laboyteaux of Hunterdon County, New Jersey. One from November 30, 1792 lists a Peter "Bateaux (Labioteaux)" on the militia roll from the town of Reading, Hunterdon County (NJ Men and Soldiers of 1793, p. 190). Another concerns the will of Peter La Borteaux of Readington Township, Hunterdon County recorded in 1835 (FHL film 463,012, NJ Surrogate Court, Hunterdon Co Wills 1704-1900). In this Peter's will, Margaret, wife, gets real estate in Hunterdon County; son Abraham gets house and lot in NY; mentions granddaughter Sarah Ann married to John Briggs and her son Peter; granddaughter Maria married to Nelson Thatcher; $75 to church at North Branch, Readington; signed 9 Apr 1835, proved 5 May 1835. Abraham, the son of "Peter Labtulox and Margaret Van Vleat," was baptized May 22, 1789 at the Readington Reformed Church, Readington Township, Hunterdon County (SCHQ 6:289).
49. iv. Gabriel Laboyteaux, born November 12, 1768 in New York City, New York; baptized December 25, 1768, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY; died bef. 1770.
50 v. Gabriel Laboyteaux, born February 8, 1770 in New York City, New York; baptized March 25, 1770, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY.
51. vi. Daniel Laboyteaux, born May 11, 1772 in New York City, New York; baptized: June 12, 1772, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY.
52. vii. Hannah Laboyteaux, born July 22, 1773 in New York City, New York; baptized: July 22, 1773, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY; married John Earl September 3, 1789 in Trinity Church Parish, New York City, New York, NY (NYGBR 75:83).
53. viii. George Washington Laboyteaux, born September 17, 1775 in New York City, New York; baptized: October 1, 1775, First Presbyterian Church, NYC, NY. Must have died before 1780.
54. ix. William Laboyteaux, born abt. 1777. There are several references to William Laboyteaux, which would seem to fit this William, except for his young age, assuming we have his correct birth year. There is a William Laboyteaux, stocking weaver, living at 4 Broad St., in the 1793 NYC Directory. This is in close proximity to his mother's (Hannah) boarding house at 30 Broad Street. If he was this stocking weaver, was he also the William Laboyteaux of New Brunswick, New Jersey who had an ad for his stocking manufactory opposite Mr. Hardenbergh's store on Albany St. placed in the public notice section of the Brunswick Gazette on April 19, 1791 at age 14? (Wilson:360). Or was the later another William Laboyteaux who was related to Joseph Laboyteaux, the shoemaker (see no. 18 above), who also placed an ad in the Brunswick Gazette in 1792? In the following year, 1794, it appears William became a grocer at 104 Broad Street in NYC and perhaps died as we see a Mrs. William Laboyteaux listed in 1799 at 69 Fair Street and running a boarding house at 81 Pearl Street.
55 x. Nancy Laboyteaux, born abt. 1779; "Ann Laboiteaux" married John R. Schuyler July 18, 1801 in Trinity Church Parish, New York City, New York, NY (NYGBR 78:115). There are listings of a "Nancy Laboyteax," habit maker living at 34 Broad Street in the 1813 and 1814 NYC Directory.
56. xi. George Laboyteaux, born June 12, 1780, Philadelphia Co., PA, baptized at Second Presbyterian Church (Humphrey:298).
LABOYTEAUX, LABERTEAUX, LABERTEW
LA BOYTEAUX, LA BOITEAUX, LABOITEAUX
LeBATTEUX, LeBITOUX, LeBOITEAUX,
LeBOITEUX, LeBOYTEAUX, Le BOYTEULX,
BETTIEU, PATOU, PETUE, etc.
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