Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   


JOHANN CASPER2 KRIEGER,
(aka JOHANN CASPAR KRIEGER/KRUGER/CREAGER),
son of Hans Ernst1 Krieger & #3 Catharina Werner


by
Audrey (Mills/LEHMANN-Creager/SHIELDS) HANCOCK
and
Researchers and Contributors





ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS & DISCLAIMERS

The story of Johann Casper (s/o Hans Ernst Krieger) Krieger/Creager is an effort of many researchers in the United States and a distant cousin in Germany who have contributed to the information concerning our ancestral grandparents. Their names and specific contributions are noted within the biography. However, many shared the same information or validated the information that I already had accumulated.

I am especially indebted to Michael Alexander of Ft. Wayne, Indiana (dec'd 2009) and Kuno Krieger of Germany who have exchanged family information. Michael then shared with me the information that gave us more recorded facts concerning the family connections in Germany. As you can see from the information below, numerous dedicated researchers have contributed wonderful factual information to add credence to our KRIEGER-CREAGER-KRUGER history.

I would like to acknowledge help, contributions, and proofreading of this biography from Joe Creager. I am also indebted to Cheryl Creeger, Dana Creager and Paul Creager for their many documented contributions. I thank Alice Marie Bird for sharing her website information concerning her research of the Hoffarth family.

Please know that the information below is not to be considered a primary source and is not without errors. This biography is merely an attempt to organize the life of one Johann Casper Krieger/Creager/Kruger and his family as we know it at this time or assume it to be at this time. Much research, if found, needs to be recorded to fully understand the life of this our immigrant ancestor and the family who were our American pioneers.

If anyone notes any errors or has additional information to share, your contribution will be greatly appreciated. I am not offended by suggestions, etc. and would like the input of other researchers. It is my hope that as more information is unearthed that we can continue to build this family history. And...if I have failed to give credit where credit is due, please let me know.

                                                                                                                                 Audrey




JOHANN CASPER2 KRIEGER (aka Johann Caspar KRUGER/CREAGER) was the ninth child of Hans Ernst1 Krieger (baker & citizen [1] & [6])   and the sixth child of his third wife, Catharina Werner. [1]   Casper was born 28 July 1702 in Old Heidelburg, Palatinate Province, Germany. [1]    His family was apparently devote members of the Lutheran Church, so it would seem obvious that Casper was a baptized Lutheran.

Being twenty-six years of age, Johann Casper Krieger, weaver of Klein Gartach, Germany, was married 17 August 1728 at the Schwaigern Lutheran Church in Schwaigern, Germany to Anna Christina Hoffart(h), daughter of Hans Jerg Hoffart(h) and Anna Most/Mest/Mast. [1] & [6]   The marriage record names his father as Hans Ernst Krieger.  [1]

Courtesy of: Michael Alexander

Schwaigern Lutheran Church
Schwaigern, Germany


Courtesy of: Kuno Krieger of Germany
December 2003
Scan by: Michael Alexander of Indiana
December 2003
The church in which Johann Casper Krieger and Anna Christina Hoffart(h) were married.
In this same church, their first son, Philip Casper Krieger was baptized.

On 5 September 1729 [6] Anna Christina gave birth to their first child, Philip Casper Krieger in Germany. [1]   Little is known of this son at this time. Since Philip is named in records in America, it is obvious that he accompanied his parents to America at the time of their immigration.  [2]   However, nothing more is known of Philip. Did he live to marry and have issue?

Two years later, following the birth of Philip Casper, Johann Casper with apparently his wife and child immigrated to America. "Casper Criger" was numbered among the 260 persons who arrived at the Port of Philadelphia, District of Philadelphia on 29 August 1730 aboard the ship, Thistle [6] of Glasgow with Colin Dunlap, master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes (England).  [Colonial Records III, p. 283]    [Rupp, "Thirty-Thousand Names of Immigrants to Pennsylvania, 1727-1776, p. 63] [6]   

[Looks more like Caspar Krieger to me.   ASH]
The Creager History by Irene Creager Lawson, Loose Manuscript, 1985, p. 4
Reference from Joe Creager: Pennsylvania German Pioneers, p. 20

It would not have been unusual for the family to travel to America in the company of other family members or friends, or to follow other family members to America which appears apparent in this case. At this time the only record that has been seen is one with Casper's name and not the name of his wife or child. A comment on a HOFFARTH GEDCOM site (now defunct) stated , "She was also known as Anna Christina Hoffart. She immigrated after 15 Sep 1729 to PA; was pregnant when the family sailed so arrived after the rest of the family and after her child was born."

We know that Anna Christina's father, Hans Jerg (aka Jorich, Jorick, Yerg, Yerrick) Hoffarth of Schwaigern, as "Jorick Hoffart" with wife ("Anna Margaret Hoffart") and 2 children ("Christian Hoffart" and "Anna Margaret Hoffart Jr.") immigrated 15 September 1729 to America and arrived at the Port of Pennsylvania, District of Philadelphia, on the ship, Allen.  [ Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild].   Hans Jerg Hoffart(h) is noted as being among the baptized members of the German Baptist Brethren Church in Europe and who came to America with Alexander Mack. Alexander Mack is considered to be the founder of the German Baptist Brethren Church and was also a passenger aboard the ship Allen.   [Honors to Alexander Mack by William G. Willoughby]   This church became headquartered in Germantown, Pennsylvania. [BRUMBAUGH, G. M., "A History of the German Baptist Brethren in Europe and America," p. 61]

Today descendants of this HOFFART(H) family are known by these surnames: Hoffarth, Hoffart, Hoffort, Hoffert, Huffert, Hufferd, Hufford, Hurford, Herford, etc., and can be found in the early records of Pennsylvania and Maryland.

We can probably assume that Casper and Anna Christina joined her parents in Pennsylvania, possibly Philadelphia or Germantown, upon their arrival, since at this time it does not appear they joined others from the Krieger/Creager family who had immigrated. However, marriages between Hoffarth, Hoffart/Hufford/etc. family and Krieger/Creager family occurred in the next generation. Christina Hufford (aka Hoffarth) (1749-1801), daughter of Christian Hoffarth and Elizabeth Keim, married her first cousin, Adam3 Creager, son of Johann Casper Krieger/Creager2 and Christina Hoffarth. Jacob Hoffarth, son of Christian Hoffarth and Elizabeth Keim, married Catherine Creager (ancestry unknown). Wonderful information concerning the Ancestors of Christian HOFFART, born 1716, of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY is presented by Alice Marie Beard.


Casper Criger or Caspar Krieger
Arrived in Philadelphia 29 August 1730
Ship "Thistle" of Glasgow,
Colin Dunlap, master,
from Rotterdam, last from Cowes [England].

[Colonial Records III, p. 283.]
[Rupp, "Thirty-Thousand Names of Immigrants to Pennsylvania, 1727-1776, p. 63]
[ Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild: Casper Criger]

It was here in Pennsylvania that their next son, Johann Christian Krieger, was born in 1731. No record of his birthdate, birthplace, or baptism has been found at this time, so his birthdate is based upon other records. Possibly we may find his records in the files of the German Baptist Brethren Church of Germantown or Philadelphia, if at that time period they were living with or nearby Anna Christina's parents or family. He and his brother, Philip, were both confirmed at the Falckner Church then in Philadelphia County.  [2]   It appears that we can assume that they were at least living somewhere in Philadelphia County.

About 1734 it appears that the young Casper Creager family may have settled in or near Oley Hills (aka Oley Mtns.), Pennsylvania. This area is believed to have been originally in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania at this early time period.   (Philadelphia County was an original county established in 1682.)   It was here that George Valentine "Velte" Krieger  [6]   joined the family when he was born on 09 February 1734 at the place called "Oley Mountains" according to church records of Rev. John Casper Stover. It was here (Philadelphia County) that a land warrant was issued in March of 1734 to Casper Creager.   [Pennsylvania Historical Society, Philadelphia, PA]   Valentine was baptized 2 March 1734 with one "John Georg Hoffert" as witness (perhaps his grandfather, aka Hans Jerg Hoffarth), also, according to church records. Valentine is the only child whose birth and baptism can be validated from church records at this time. Again we find the Hoffart(h)/Hoffert surname connected with the family in America. This would also appear to be the place and county of the other children's births between 1734-1752.


Caspar Crygher Donates Money for Purchase of Lutheran Burial Ground


"Philadelphia, 12 August 1747. Received of Caspar Crygher, George Ernst and Andrea[? CC] Rodenheffer, [British sterling] 2-10-0, in part of the consideration for 50 acres of land to be surveyed to them for the use of a Lutheran Congregation as a burial ground adjoining Lodovick Fellinger and Daniel Yoder - near Colebrookdale Township in the County of Philadelphia.
[Signed...CC] For the Honorable Proprieties, Lynford Lardner, Rec. Gen."


{Internet, 6 July 2000, Cheryl Creeger to ASH:
Records of Oley Hill Church, 1753 - 1799, at Pa. Geneal. Soc.)

Note: Internet, 5 February 2002, E-mail to ASH from Joe Creager:
"Colebrookdale Twp. is adjacent to Pike Twp. which is where Hill Church is located."


"OLEY aka HILL CHURCH:
Lutheran activity at Oley prior to organization of a congregation included baptisms by John Caspar Stoever, and preaching by Valentine Kraft. There is reference in a 1745 letter to the "Lutheran congregation" which met in a house at Oley. Rev. Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg reported in 1747 that he had conducted services 'in the Oly mountains,' and a later report indicates a rude log church was built there in that year. Land for a Lutheran cemetery was obtained at Oley in August 1747, but it was not surveyed until 1750. In 1754 student pastor Lucas Raus began a church register for the Lutheran congregation in the hills of Oley at Colebrookdale. In 1786 a stone church was dedicated which was shared by Reformed, who had been using the cemetery for some time earlier. It was called the Hill Church. A clear title to this land was obtained in 1829 by the trustees of the Lutheran and Reformed congregations in Pike Township. The union church, situated 3 miles north of Boyertown, continued to exist in 1980, with each congregation having its own name, viz., St. Joseph's Lutheran and St. John's Reformed."

[Internet, 09 February 2002, E-mail to ASH: Joe Creager]   says,
"Other than the '3 miles' being six this looks correct.
I also saw under the Berks County Genealogical Society that the have cemetery records for St. Joseph Church, therefore the cemetery was indeed in Berks and not Montgomery County."

"Today, Oley is located...off Highway 73 between Basket and Manatawny in S. S.E Pennsylvania, NW of Philadelphia."   [Internet, 30 Jan 2002, CREAGER-yahoogroups: Dana Creager: MapQuest]   Joe Creager indicates, "The fact that there is a St. John's Hill Church (in the Oley Hills) located on Hill Church Road just a little over 6 miles NNW of Boyertown, Berks County, PA," plus..."the fact that Oley is further west, still in Berks County, convinces me that the correct location is Oley Hills, Berks County, PA."   [Internet, 30 January 2002, CREAGER-L: Joe Creager]  From all evidence, it appears that Casper and his family were devote Lutherans, and they supported the church of their beliefs. Dana Creager adds, "Casper's church in Oley was the St. Joseph's (Hill) Lutheran Church. He was an official there."  [5]   [Internet, 31 Aug 2001, E-mail to ASH: Dana Creager]   Years and generations later, many of this family line, still follow the teachings of this Protestant religion.


St. Joseph Lutheran Church (Hill Church)
Oley, Berks County, Pennsylvania

This photo was borrowed from Partial Kummer Family Tree, which in 2006 is defunct.

An attempt to make contact with the photographer via e-mail address posted on the webpage was made 1 February 2002. The e-mail link was not functioning. If anyone knows the e-mail of the poster, I will gladly request permission to use her photo.

From the above information, we conclude that there is as strong possibility that the area of Casper's family's residence once in Philadelphia Co., PA is now located in what is Berks County, PA. Berks County, however, did not become Berks County until after Casper and his family had left the area. One reference says the children were born in Berks, Philadelphia County now near Reading, PA which later became Montgomery County, PA. Was there a village or town once called Berks? Others give the children's birthplace as Oley Hills, New Hanover, Montgomery Co., PA.  [3]   To truly determine where this place referred to as "Oley Mtns." was then, and is today, one would have to know the range, township, and section of the land warrants in Philadelphia County.


Berks County Created 1752 from Bucks, Lancaster, & Philadelphia Counties
Bucks County 1682 Original County
Montgomery County 1784 from Philadelphia County
Philadelphia County 1682 Original County

[The Handy Book for Genealogists, U.S.A., 8th Edition, 1991, The Everton Publishers, Inc., Logan, Utah, pp. 215, 218]

Casper's sojourn in Philadelphia County is supported by deed warrants and documents issued to one Casper Krieger (aka Kruger & Creager). On "8 March 1734" "Casper Creager" purchased "150 acres" in "Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania".   [Pennsylvania Archives - Third Series XXIV, 3rd Series, Warrantees of Land 1730-1898, p. 9]   The following year, son, Conrad, was born on 9 February 1735. With this birth, Casper and Anna Christina had become the parents of four sons.

On "15 April 1737" "Casper Kruger" purchased "25 acres" in "Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania."    [Pennsylvania Archives - Third Series XXIV, 3rd Series, Warrantees of Land 1730-1898, p. 27]   That same year a son, Adam, was born to the couple. Then along came their first daughter, Anna Catharina, on 13 May 1740, and their son Michael joined the family in 1742. This birth was followed by yet another recorded land purchase of "25 acres" in "Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania" on 17 November 1744 to Casper Kruger.    [Pennsylvania Archives - Third Series XXIV, 3rd Series, Warrantees of Land 1730-1898, p. 27]   Within the next five years two more sons followed Michael: Heinrich on 31 December 1746 and Georg whose life was apparently cut short was born on 27 September 1747.

Some land was sold 13 May 1751 consisting of 25 acres in Philadelphia County.   [Pennsylvania Archives - Third Series XXIV, 3rd Series, Warrantees of Land 1730-1898, p. 28]    Another son named Georg joined the family on 12 July 1752 bringing the total number of known children of Casper and Christiana to ten.


"Records of Land Purchased by Casper Creager:

Mar. 8, 1754 - 150 acres
Apr. 15, 1737 - 25 acres
Nov. 17, 1744 - 25 acres
May 13, 1751 - 25 acres


[Myers, Margaret E., "History of the CREAGER FAMILY of OH and IN," Loose Manuscript, 20 Aug 1974, p. 3:
"The Creager Family Heritage," Compiled August 1958 by Harriet F. Wright:
Penn. Archives, Vol. 24, 3rd Series, pp. 9, 27, 28]

[NOTE: The above manuscript (Myers, p.3) indicates the May 13, 1751 transaction was an acquisition, while other resources indicate this date was a sale date. This manuscript (Myers, p. 3) also indicates that the land in Pennsylvania was sold in 1751.]

There is somewhat of a mystery surrounding Caspar Creager and perhaps his family. Some twenty year later after Caspar Krieger arrived in America, a Caspar Krieger arrived on the snow, Louisa, on 8 November 1752 which also docked at Philadelphia. [Definition: snow: A snow rig was a ship with two masts and square sails on each. It was distinguished from a brig by having an extra small mast fitted abaft the main lower mast. This was known as the trysail mast and was set with a spanker sail (fore-and-aft triangular sail).] A speculative theory suggests that Caspar returned to his homeland for a visit, and thus was the one who returned from his visit aboard the snow Louisa. Subsequent records tend to substantiate this theory that the two recordings were then for the same man. Now if the last child was born in July 1752, would the entire family have returned for a visit, or would Casper have left his family to return to the fatherland? By this time Casper and Anna Christina were the parents of nine known children. Dana Creager believes, "Casper sold his holdings in Oley on May 13, 1751 and returned to Germany for 6 mo., then settled in Maryland upon his return. He came back on the ship Snow Louisa arriving on Nov. 11, 1752." [Internet, 31 Aug 2001, E-mail to ASH: Dana Creager]



Casper Creager
arrived in Philadelphia, PA
on the "Snow Louisa" Nov. 8, 1752,
John Pittcairne, master,
from Rotterdam.

(The PA Historical Society Curator
expressed the theory that
Casper may have returned to America
after a visit to Europe
after an absence of about 20 years in America.
  Subsequent records tend to substantiate this theory).  

Just when Casper and his family arrived in Frederick County, Maryland from Pennsylvania County, Pennsylvania is unknown. He was still in Philadelphia County on 20 May 1753 when his children Adam and Anna Catharina were listed as "catechumens." [3] Had he and the family relocated to Maryland by 1754? Land was purchased in Maryland in 1754, 1756, and 1762. "At his death he owned more land than be accounted for by these purchases. Early purchases may be recorded in Prince George Co. Land Records, Vol. P, pg. 493, dated Sept. 5, 1772, lists all the tracts owned by Casper at the time of his death and also gives the names of his heirs, as well as their wives and the husband of his one daughter. [4]

Casper's land holdings were located from [what is now] Ceresville (Israel's Creek) east through Mount Pleasant, possibly as far as Libertytown...north near Walkersville. A CREAGER-LINK Cemetery is also found in Libertytown, MD. The LINKs had intermarried into the CREAGER family.  [Internet, 28 August 2001, E-mail to ASH: Dana Creager)
Dana says to view a map, go to MapQuest, type in "Libertytown, MD," and "you can zoom in or out for a closer view."

On 5 September 1763 Casper Creager as "Casper Kruger" of Frederick County, Pennsylvania, wrote his last will and testament; and by 1 October 1765 his will was entered into probate in Frederick County, Pennsylvania. Most wills were usually probated within days, if not weeks, of a person's decease, so we might assume that Casper died in September, 1765. And...5 year later, by 10 August 1770, the final accounting of his estate was recorded into court records.



WILL OF CASPER CREAGER

Courtesy of:
Miss Margaret E. Myers,
317 East Third Street,
Frederick, MD 21701:
Will found at Court House, Frederick, MD
Book A, Folio 254, Frederick Co., MD
as shared in 1988 with Audrey (Shields) Hancock

(Also, found on pp.4-5 of The Creager Family by Irene (Creager) Lawson)


"In the name of God Amen, the fifth day of Sept. in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty three I Casper Kruger of Frederick Co. in the province of Maryland, being well in body and perfect Mind and Memory, thanks be given unto God, therefore, calling unto Mind the Mortality of my Body, and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament, that is to say that principally and first of all I give and recommend my Soul unto the Hands of God that gave it and for my Body, I recommend it to the earth to be buried in a Christian like and Decent Manner at the discretion of my Executor, noting doubting but at the general Resurrection I shall receive the same again by the Mighty Power of god and as touching such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this Life I give devise and dispose of the same in the following Manner and Form;

Imprimis, it is my will and I do order that in the first place all my just Debts and funeral charges be paid and satisfied.

Item two; I give and bequeath unto Christinah, my dearly beloved Wife her third part according to Law made and provided in that case, and the use of all and singular the household Goods and movables during her Life and make her besides my son, Valentine Kruger, my only and soul Executrix.

Item three; I give to my Children as Christian, Conrad, Adam, Michael, George, Valentine and Catharina, all and singular of my Lands and all the premises thereon and all the movables whatsoever, to be divided into equal parts amongs them, that is to say, after my Decease my son Henry shall have the Plantation where I now live for his part and not of the Remainder of my land - and the Remainder of the other must be divided amongs the other children as I heretofore mentioned to their Heirs and assigns forever. And I do hereby disallow, revoke, and disannul all and every other former Testaments, Wills, Sign(es) and Executors by me and in any ways before this Time named willed and Bequeathed. Ratifying and confirming this and none other to be my Last Will and Testament.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year above written.

N.B. Before the delivery and Sealing of these presents the Testator ordered that his son, Henry, who have the plantation must the same take by Valuation of two creditable men and pay the over plush to the Remainder of his Children so that they are all equal parts, and so the Tannyard Leather.

Caspar Kruger

Signed, sealed, published and pronounced; and declared by this said Casper Kruger as his Last Will and Testament in the presence of us the Subscribers. Thomas Schley, Philip Smith and Andrew Link.

On the first day of October, 1765, came Philip Smith and Andrew Link, two of the subscribing Witnesses to the foregoing Will and made oath on the holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that they did see the Testator, Casper Kruger, sign and seal the said Will and heard him publish pronounce and declare the same to be his Last Will and Testament, and that at the Time of his so doing he was to the best of thier apprehension of sound and disposing mind and memory and that they also saw Thomas Schley, the other subscribing witness to the said Will sign his name as a Witness hereto, and that they severally subscribed their Names as Witnesses to the said Will in the presence of each other.

Sworn before me,
Thos. Bowles, Dy. Commy.
Frederick County, MD







ABSTRACT OF CASPER's WILL [5]

Courtesy of: Dana Creager


Abstract of Casper's Will

Casper Creager by his will dated Sept. 5, 1763, probated Oct. 1, 1765, among other bequests and legacies, bequeathed unto his sons and daughter namely Christian, Conrad, Adam, Michael, George, Valentine, and Catherine, all his lands except the one on which he lived which he bequeathed to one other, named Henry, the lands to be equally divided among his said sons and daughter. Casper died and was seized [with fee??] at the time of his death with the following tracts of land namely, Casperís Lott containing 30 acres, Creagerís Lott, containing 20 acres, Mt. Pleasant containing 150 acres , Sandy Spring containing 250 acres, and part of a tract called Resurvey on Rinehartís First Choice containing 50 acres, all lying in Frederick County.

Wife Christinah got 1/3 and use of all household goods and movables during her life. Son, Henry, got the home plantation.
Other children: Christian, Conrad, Adam, Michael, George, Valentine, and Catharina got "all and singular of my lands and all the premises thereon".

Executors: Wife Christinah and son Valentine.
Witnesses: - Thomas Schley, Phillip Smith, Andrew Link.







CASPER's PROPERTY INVENTORY [5]

Courtesy of: Dana Creager


Inventories, Frederick Co., Vol. B2, p. 184
Goods and Chattels of Casper Creager, appraised June 3, 1765, by John Stoner and Jacob Cramer.
Signed by [illegible] and [illegible] as 'nighest kin'. Christina and Valentine Creager were executors, amount of the inventory was 229-17-3 [pounds, schillings, pence].
Vol. B2, p. 187 gives list of separate debts due Casper Creager, amounting to 8-19-3 [pounds, schillings, pence].
Vol. B2, p. 557, gives an additional inventory which is "To a lease of 100 acres of Land called Reeds Change of Monocacy Manor for three lives, two of which lives are infirm." 80-0-0 lbs.






DISPERSAL OF INHERITED PROPERTY [5]

Courtesy of: Dana Creager


According to deeds filed, the heirs of Casper dispersed the property as follows: Adam bought the others' shares for 80lbs.
[Conrad, Michael and Catherine signed in script.
Valentine and George signed in English and spelled the name CREAGER.
Jacob Fout made his mark.
Wives who relinquished their dower rights were Christiana, wife of Valentine; Mary, wife of Conrad; Margaret, wife of Michael and Catharine, wife of George.]






DISPERSAL OF INHERITED PROPERTY [5]

Courtesy of: Dana Creager


Adam Creager, yoeman, sold to Conrad Creager, blacksmith, for 80 lbs., the tract called Sandy Springs, which he had just bought from the other heirs of Casper. Adam signed in script. His wife Christinia relinquished her dower right.






DISPERSAL OF INHERITED PROPERTY [5]

Courtesy of: Dana Creager


Henry, for 5[?] lbs. paid to Valentine, Conrad, Adam, Michael, and George Creager and Catharine, widow of Jacob Fout, for which he received Pleasant Mount.
[Conrad, Adam, and Catharine signed in script, Valentine, Michael, and George in English. Names of wives as in other deeds.]






ESTATE OF CASPER CREAGER [5]
Closed 10 August 1770


Courtesy of: Dana Creager


Final account of Casper Creager, late of Frederick. Co., deceased, dated Aug. 10, 1770, gives no additional information. There was no distribution. British sterling 22-8-0 [pounds, schillings, pence] was paid to Jacob Cramer "as of Bond proved", and, 1-0-0 [pounds, schillings, pence] to Thomas Beatty "as of Acct."





FAMILY
of
JOHANN CASPER CREAGER & ANNA CHRISTINA HOFFARTH


                JOHANN CASPER2 KRIEGER [1],
                b 28 July 1702 in Old Heidelburg, Palatinate Province, Germany[1]
                m 17 August 1728 Lutheran Church, Schwaigern, Kraichgau, Germany
                to Anna Christina HOFFARTH/HOFFART(H)/HOFFERT,
                daughter of Hans Jorg Hoffert(h)/Hoffart and Anna Margretha Most/Mest/Mast 
                d Bef. 01 Oct 1765 [will probated] Frederick, Frederick Co., MD.



Children of JOHANN CASPER2 KRIEGER/CREAGER & ANNA HOFFARTH/HOFFART(H)/HOFFERT are:
Click on any links to children's webpages.
i. PHILIP CASPER3 CREAGER[6], b Sep 05, 1729 Schwaigern, Germany; Immigration: 29 Aug 1730 to Philadelphia, PA [2]; christened: Philip Caspar KRUGER, 1734, child in Schwaigern, Kraichgau [2]; confirmed: 5 Nov 1749 Falckner Church, New Hanover Twp., Montgomery Co., PA [2]; d Aft 1790. ii. JOHANN "JOHN" CHRISTIAN3 CREAGER, b 1731 Philadelphia Co., PA, christened: Unknown place confirmed: 5 Nov 1749 Falckner Church, New Hanover Twp., Montgomery Co., PA [2]; d Sep 08, 1768 Frederick, Frederick Co., PA. iii. VALENTINE3 CREAGER [6], b Feb 09, 1734 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d 1810 Washington Co., KY. iv. CONRAD3 CREAGER, b 1735 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Feb 24, 1808 Frederick, Frederick Co., MD. v. ADAM3 CREAGER, b 1737 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Sep 04, 1805 Frederick, Frederick Co., MD. vi. ANNA CATHERINA3 CREAGER, b May 13, 1740 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Oct 22, 1821 Walkersville, Frederick Co., MD. vii. MICHAEL3 CREAGER, b 1742 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Nov 16, 1800 Frederick, Frederick Co., MD. viii. HENRICH3 CREAGER, b Dec 31, 1746 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Jul 15, 1825 Wayne Co., NY. ix. GEORG3 CREAGER, b Sep 27, 1747 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Oct 31, 1748 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; x. GEORG3 CREAGER, b Jul 12, 1752 Oley Hills, Philadelphia Co. (now Berks Co.), PA; d Aug 29, 1815 Washington, District of Columbia.





ENDNOTES

[1]  Krieger, Kuno Krieger of Leingartach, Germany via Michael Alexander of Ft. Wayne, Indiana: Lutheran Parish Records of Schwaigern, Germany: Marriages & Births

[2]  Creager, Joe S. ,
Internet, 23 Jul 2000, E-mail gives the following additional information:
Philip Caspar KRUGER, child in Schwaigern, Kraichgau
Immigration: 29 Aug 1730 to Philadelphia, PA
Christened: 1734
Confirmed: 5 Nov 1749 in Falckner Church, New Hanover Twp., Montgomery Co., PA)

Internet, 4 February 2002, E-mail gives the following additional information:
Johann Christian Kruger confirmed at Falckner Swamp Lutheran Church the same day as his older brother Philip Caspasr Kruger 5 Nov 1749, with respective ages of 18 and 20 years.

"A close look at the Pennsylvania topo[graphical] sheets shows a Swamp Creek running through Hill Church in Berks County down through Boyertown into New Hanover Township, Montgomery County. Interestingly there is a Lutheran Road crossing Swamp Creek at the town of New Hanover. I would suggest from this that maybe the Falckner Swamp Lutheran Church was the precursor to Hill Church and the nearest one for the Creager Family to attend."

[See: "Heritage building, Tour Lutheran Landmarks in the Philadelphia are..."   ASH]
[May be a good reference: Records of Baptisms, Catechumens, Confirmations, Marriages, and Deaths at the Lutheran Church in New Hanover (Excerpted from "The Lutheran Church in New Hanover (Falckner Swamp), Montgomery County, Penna.," by Rev. J.J. Kline, The Pennsylvania-German Society Proceedings and Addresses, Vol. XX (1911)  ASH]

[3]  Creager, Joe S.
Internet, 23 Oct 2001, CREAGER@yahoogroups: Informs us that there are three places named Hanover, PA and that "none of them" are near the Oley Hills.

"There is a town of Oley in Oley Township in Berks County just east of Reading. Hill Church, as it was known, is the Church in which Valentine was baptized and which Casper helped fund. This church was not permanently established until 1747. The Church was originally known as 'the Church among the Oley Hills.'

There is a Hill Road in New Hanover Township which is just east across the Montgomery County line.

My use has always been of a location [for Oley Hills being] in Oley Township in Berks County. Presuming the Oley Hills overlooked the town of Oley."

Internet, 30 January 2002, CREAGER-L: Joe S. Creager says, "Montgomery County should not be used for any reason, at least for Valentine. I don't know about the others for sure, except Philip Caspar as Johann Caspar's oldest son was born in Germany."

Internet, 14 February 2002, E-mail: Joe S. Creager to ASH:
Pennsylvania-German Society Proceedings, VOL. XX.

"This volume is all about the Lutheran Church in New Hanover, Montgomery County, PA by Rev. J. J. Kline. It has as complete a history as there is on the Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania, including our Oley (Hill) Church. It locates Oley (Hill) Church right where I put it. It also includes translations of all available church records.

It points out that the New Hanover Lutheran Church is the same as the Falckner Swamp Lutheran Church. It is considered the oldest German Lutheran Church in the country. Before there was a Swedish Lutheran Church. Falckner Swamp Lutheran Church was the main church for the area which explains why the Kriegers used it for communion and baptisms. It had regular services as opposed to the smaller churches which had to wait their turn for a preacher.

The two largest congregations were at Oley and New Hanover. There was at least one other Hill Church which [Rev.] Stoever serviced in Lebanon County that confuses our research. Stoever died at his home, called Stoever's Mill, 'nearly two miles west of Lebanon, about a mile south by east of the Hill Church.' The text makes it quite clear that the Hill Churches are different.

There are sections on Baptisms (1740 to 1825), Catechumens (1743 to 1825), Confirmed (1767 to 1825), Deaths, and Marriages. All Krieger entries were for Krüger with an umlout.

Baptisms:
George Krüger - b 27 Sep 1747, bapt 21 Mar 1748, son of Caspar (note the a) and Christina, George Bek sponsor.

Catechumens:
5 Nov 1749 - Caspar Krüger, Caspar Krüger's son - 20 years
5 Nov 1749 - Conrad Krüger, Caspar Krüger's son - 14 years
5 Nov 1749 - Johann Christain Krüger, Caspar Krüger's son - 18 years
29 Mar 1752 - Valentin Krüger, Caspar Krüger's son - 17 years
20 May 1753 - Adam Krüger, Caspar Krüger's son - 15 years
20 May 1753 - Anna Catharina Krüger, Caspar Krüger's daughter - 13 years

List of Deaths:
We have an additional child for Caspar.
Krüger, infant son of Caspar Krüger - Date of death or burial, 25 Sept. 1748 - 1 y., 1 m., 4 d. So birth was 21 Aug 1747.


[4]  Myers, Margaret E., "History of the CREAGER FAMILY of OH and IN," Loose Manuscript, 20 Aug 1974, pp. 3-4: Land Records, E 477, F 91, and H 1]

[5]  Creager, Dana:

Internet, 31 Aug 2001, E-mail to ASH: Abstract of Caspar's Will and Other Documents

Internet, 7 February 2002, E-mail to ASH:
"While at Oley Hills Caspar was an official of St. Joseph"s Church (Hill Church) and was one of three designated to purchase 50 acres for a Cemetery. This was on August 12, 1747 and is documented in the church records."   [Genealogy.com, Link Family pages, p. 87]
Dana adds, "The Creager and Link families are related through Caspar's son Adam. Adam's daughter Catherine married Daniel Link in Kentucky. The families lived near each other and were friends in Oley Hills prior to the families moving to Maryland, and then to Kentucky. Apparently the families had been friends for a very long time and were very close."

[6]  Creager, Joe S. , Internet, 02 February 2002, CREAGER-L:

Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America, Volume 1: The Northern Kraichgau, by Annette Kunselman; Burgert, Breinigsville, PA, The Pennsylvania German Society, 1983. Page 222, 314.
"Krieger, Caspar, 7103 Schwaigern"
Thistle, 1730
S-H 31, 32, 33.

Schwaigern Lutheran KB:
m. 17 Aug 1728 Johann Caspar Krieger, weaver, son of the late Ernst Krieger, citizen and baker at Klein Gartach [= 7519 Eppingen] and Anna Christina, daughter of Hans Jerg Hoffert [q.v.].
They had:
  • 1. Philip Caspar b. 5 Sep 1729

    Pennsylvania records:
    Stoever's Records:
    Caspar Krueger (Oley Mountains) had:
  • 2. Georg Valentine b. 9 Feb 1734; bp. 2 Mar 1734.
    One of the sponsors was John Georg Hoffert [q.v.].

    George Valentine "Velte" Krieger, was born 9 Feb 1734, bapt. 2 Mar 1734 by Rev. John Casper Stover in the Oley Hills, PA. Hill Church was not permanently established until 1747, at which time a piece of land was purchased. The complete written church record of Hill Church does not begin until the year 1754, when Pastor Lucas Rauss, opened a record in which he entered the names of the complete families, together with the place of origin in Europe, etc. At the time of the baptism of Valentine Creager, his father, Casper Krieger, was a resident of Oley Hills, PA., and was one of the three designated to purchase 50 acres of land for a cemetary, on 12 Aug 1747. "Hill Church" of St Joseph's, was originally known as "the Church among the Oley Hills," about 30 miles Northwest of Philadelphia, PA.


    Information courtesy of & posted with permission from:
    Cheryl Creeger
    "Audrey, feel free to put on your site if you want to. Cheryl"


    [NOTE from Cheryl Creeger.]
    5 Jul 2000
    as posted on
    CREAGER-L & CREAGER@eGROUPS (now CREAGER@yahoogroups.com)


    Thank you, Cheryl. Your contributions will certainly help present and future KRIEGER-CREAGER & Variants researchers. Also, the sources are indeed invaluable for information. This will certainly save many of us from repetitive research and redundant searches already done by seasoned researchers, such as yourself. You are appreciated. ASH

    Fellow KRIEGER-CREAGER-CREEGER & Variants Searchers,

    "The following is from meticulously handwritten notes researched by a person who has since died, and I have received them through a CREEGER relative who somehow, luckily, came into possession of copies of the 167 pages.

    The following is a verbatim rendition, but don't be afraid to contact me if you suspect a typo on my part or to double check a date or other data that conflicts with yours. I have already noticed a date that is one month different from what you have.

    Occasionally I add a remark of my own which will be noted by the square brackets [ ] enclosing it. Also, note that anything in parentheses ( ) are not mine, but are part of the copy I'm working from." Cheryl CREEGER

    I have tried to put Cheryl's notes in red and added CC = Cheryl Creeger to indicate her notes.    Audrey

    My notes are followed by ASH = Audrey Shields Hancock.





    JOHANN CASPAR CREAGER, s/o Ernst KRIEGER & his third wife, Catharina WERNER, was born 28 July 1702.

    Page 15


    CASPAR CREAGER arrived in Philadelphia August 29, 1730, Ship Thistle of Glasgow, Colin Dunlap, master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes.
    (Col. Rec. III, p. 283. Also Rupp, p. 63).

    Either the same or another Caspar Creager arrived in Philadelphia on the Snow Louisa Nov. 8, 1752, John Pittcairne, master, from Rotterdam.
    (The PA Historical Society Curator expressed the theory that Caspar may have returned to America after a visit to Europe after an absence of about 20 years in America. Subsequent records tend to substantiate this theory).


    Caspar Creager purchased land in Philadelphia Co., as follows:
    150 acres - Mar. 8, 1734
    25 acres - Apr. 15, 1737
    25 acres - Nov. 17, 1744
    25 acres - May 13, 1751
    (Source: PA Archives, Vol. 24, 3rd Series, pp. 9, 27, 28)

    This land was sold last date above (May 13, 1751).
    (Source: PA Archives, Vol. 24, 3rd Series, p. 28)
    (This information and references sent by E. Clark Creager of Philadelphia.)



    A son, George Valentine, was born to Caspar Creager of Oley Mountains (PA) on Feb. 9, 1734 and baptized Mar. 2, 1734 by John Caspar Stoever. The sponsor was John George Hoffert.
    (Source: Records of John Caspar Stoever at PA Historical Society, Philadelphia)



    Philadelphia, 12 August 1747
    Received of Caspar Crygher, George Ernst and Andrea[?] Rodenheffer, [British sterling] 2-10-0, in part of the consideration for 50 acres of land to be surveyed to them for the use of a Lutheran Congregation as a burial ground adjoining Lodovick Fellinger and Daniel Yoder - near Colebrookdale Township, in the county of Philadelphia.
    [Signed] For the Honorable Proprietaries, Lynford Lardner, Rec. Gen.
    (Source: Records of Oley Hill Church, 1753-1799 at PA Genealogical Society)



    The following are found in the land records of Fred'k. Vol. E, p.477:

    Dated: June 2, 1754; recorded June 27, 1754:
    Casper Creiger bought from John Cooke of Prince George's Co. and Thomas Cresap of Frederick Co. for [British sterling] 91-5-0 a tract of 150 acres called Mount Pleasant patented to Rev. Joseph Jennings Jan. 21, 1743 and granted by him to Cooke and Cresap April 13, 1745.

    [End of p. 15]



    Page 16
    [Caspar CREAGER, continued]


    Vol. F, p. 91
    Recorded Nov. 6, 1756, dated Oct. 16, 1756
    Casper Creiger, weaver, bought of John Carmack, farmer, for 64 pounds sterling, 160 acres of a tract called Pleasant Mount near Israel's Creek, a branch of the Monocacy.



    Vol. H, p. 1
    Dated May 22, 1762, recorded June 3, 1762
    Casper Creager, farmer, bought of Jacob Rynehart, farmer, for 30 lbs., 55 acres (or 35) of Resurvey of Rynehart's First Choice.


    Vol. K, p. 137
    Dated______, recorded Oct. 26, 1765.
    It was found that the land which Casper Creager, now deceased, had bought of Jacob Rynhart was not contained in the bounds described in the deed (Vol. H, p. 1). So Jacob Rynhart pays 10 lbs. to the sons and legatees of Casper. The names were signed in the following order: Christian Krieger, Valentine Krieger, Conrad Krieger, Adam Krieger, Michael Kreager, and George Kreager.
    [NOTE: Michael and George signed in English and spelled their names Kreager. The others signed in German script.]



    Vol. P, p. 493
    Dated July 6, 1772, recorded Dec. 2, 1772 at request of Adam Creager.
    Casper Creager by his will dated Sept. 5, 1763, among other bequests and legacies, bequeathed unto his sons and daughter namely Christian, Conrad, Adam, Michael, George, Valentine, and Catherine, all his lands except the one on which he lived which he bequeathed to one other, named Henry, the lands to be equally divided among his said sons and daughter. Casper died and was seized [with fee??] at the time of his death with the following tracts of land namely, Caspers Lott containing 30 acres, Creagers Lott, containing 20 acres, Mt. Pleasant containing 150 acres , Sandy Spring containing 250 acres, and part of a tract called Resurvey on Rineharts First Choice containing 50 acres, all lying in Frederick Co. This indenture between Valentine, Conrad, Michael, and George Creager, and Jacob Fout who intermarried with Catherine Creager and Catherine Fout the wife of the one part, and Adam Creager the other devisee.
    [The deed is long and involved, but it seems that Adam bought the others' shares for 80lbs.]
    [Conrad, Michael and Catherine signed in script. Valentine and George signed in English and spelled the name CREAGER. Jacob Fout made his mark. Wives who relinquished their dower rights were Christiana, wife of Valentine; Mary, wife of Conrad; Margaret, wife of Michael and Catharine, wife of George.]

    [End of p. 16]



    Page 17
    [Caspar CREAGER, continued]


    Vol. P, p. 494
    Dated July 6, 1772, recorded Dec. 2, 1772.
    In this deed Adam Creager, yoeman, sold to Conrad Creager, blacksmith, for 80 lbs., the tract called Sandy Springs, which he had just bought from the other heirs of Casper. Adam signed in script. His wife Christinia relinquished her dower right.



    Will Record 2, p. 66
    Dated June 21, 1779, recorded June 22, 1779.
    Casper Creager by his will left all his lands to all his sons and dau. -i.e. Christian, Valentine, Conrad, Adam, Michael, Henry, George, and Catharine.
    His lands were as follows:
    Casper's Lott (30 acres)
    Creager's Lott (20 acres)
    Mt. Pleasant (150 acres)
    Sandy Spring (250 acres)
    Pleasant Mount (150 acres)
    and part of Resurvery on Rynharts First Choice (55 acres).
    In this deed Henry, for 5[?] lbs. paid to Valentine, Conrad, Adam, Michael, and George Creager and Catharine, widow of Jacob Fout, for which he received Pleasant Mount. Conrad, Adam, and Catharine signed in script, Valentine Michael and George in English. Names of wives as in other deeds.



    Will of Casper Kreegar, Frederick Co. Vol. A1, 254
    Dated Sept. 4, 1763, probated Oct. 1, 1765
    Wife Christinah got 1/3 and use of all household goods and movables during her life. Son, Henry, got the home plantation.
    Other children: Christian, Conrad, Adam, Michael, George, Valentine, and Catharina got "all and singular of my lands and all the premises thereon".
    Executors: Wife Christinah and son Valentine.
    Witnesses: - Thomas Schley, Phillip Smith, Andrew Link.



    Inventories, Frederick Co., Vol. B2, p. 184
    Goods and Chattels of Casper Creager, appraised June 3, 1765, by John Stoner and Jacob Cramer.
    Signed by [illegible] and [illegible] as 'nighest kin'. Christina and Valentine Creager were executors, amount of the inventory was 229-17-3 [pounds, schillings, pence].



    Inventories, Vol. B2, p. 187 gives list of separate debts due Casper Creager, amounting to 8-19-3 [pounds, schillings, pence].



    Inventories, Vol. B2, p. 557, gives an additional inventory which is "To a lease of 100 acres of Land called Reeds Change of Monocacy Manor for three lives, two of which lives are infirm."  80-0-0 lbs.

    [End of p. 17]



    Page 18
    [Caspar CREAGER, continued]


    Administration Accounts, Frederick Co., Vol. B2 p. 126
    Final account of Valentine Creager and Christinia Creager, Executors of Casper Creager, late of Frederick. Co., deceased, dated Aug. 10, 1770, gives no additional information. There was no distribution. British sterling 22-8-0 [pounds, schillings, pence] was paid to Jacob Cramer "as of Bond proved", and, 1-0-0 [pounds, schillings, pence] to Thomas Beatty "as of Acct."
    (Gravestone at Mt. Olivet: Thomas Beatty, Senr. died at Creagerstown Dec. 31, 1815 aged about 80 years.)



    "Casper's Lott" was surveyed for Casper Creager Nov. 10, 1760 according to a deed in Frederick Co. Land Records (WR 33, p. 164) in which Elizabeth Waltz sold to Jacob Burrier part of "Mackey's Luck" which adjoined "Casper's Lott."
    [End of p. 18]





    Webpage by:   Audrey (Shields) Hancock of Portage, Michigan



    Created: 5 September 2000
    Revised: 8 April 2009






    Tiny URL: http://tinyurl.com/6ghnk