1739 M. Lonqueil and his French troops discover Big
Bone Lick in central Kentucky.
1748 Dr. Thomas Walker follows directions given by
Samuel Stalnacker to the Cumberland Gap.
1750 Walker leads Loyal Land Company explorers into
Kentucky, crossing the Kentucky, Cumberland, and Big Sandy rivers.
1751 Christopher Gist, Ohio Company representative
reaches what is now Clark County.
1763 French and Indian War ends; Ohio River
designated as the boundary between the Indians and whites. Kentucky area
under jurisdiction of Augusta County, Virginia.
1772 Fincastle County, Virginia, organized;
includes all of present-day Kentucky.
1773 McAfee brothers and others survey land on the
1774 Richard Henderson, of North Carolina,
established a land-dealing organization called the Transylvania Company
and purchased from the Indians all the land between the Kentucky,
Cumberland, and Ohio rivers to the Cumberland Mountains. He hired Daniel Boone, James
Harrod, and others to survey the area.
Restrictions imposed by the government in 1775 limited his
1775 Early settlers into Kentucky arrived from
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina. Settlements were made in several
areas of the state, but most early ones were abandoned because of Indian
attacks. Still, settlers
kept coming for the rich, fertile land available on inexpensive terms.
Many of those who enlisted in Virginia during the Revolutionary War were
rewarded with warrants for Kentucky land in lieu of cash.
Already existing settlements were then abandoned
because of Indian hostilities. Harrod
founded a namesake town, the first permanent settlement in Kentucky in
1774. Boone brought a
company from North Carolina through the Cumberland Gap and up the
Wilderness Road. They built
Fort Boonesborough as headquarters for Henderson's company in 1775.
1776 Simon Kenton and Thomas Williams clear land and plant corn at
Kenton's Station. Indian
raids force settlers to abandon Hinkston's Station; they move to
McClelland's Station. Residents
of Boonesborough and Harrodsburg, meeting at Harrodsburg, vote to make
Kentucky a county and elect George Rogers Clark and John Gabriel Jones
as Assemblymen. Virginia
legislature first rejects, then accepts. Kentucky County created from
1777 Logan's (Asaph's) Station in present-day Lincoln County and a
station on Pleasant Run in today's Washington County are completed. McClelland's Station and
settlements at Leestown and Danville abandoned. Census is taken at Fort Harrod,
Boonesborough, and Logan's Fort.
A census taken in February 1777 showed that
Harrodsburg was populated by eighty-one able-bodied men, four old or
infirm men, twenty-four women, twelve children over ten, twelve Negro
slaves over ten, fifty-eight white children under ten, and seven black
children under ten. At the
same time, Boonesborough had forty men and Logan's Station had twenty
By 31 December 1777, the Indian attacks were so
severe that only three settlements were left: Boonesborough with
twenty-two men, Harrodsburg with sixty-five men, and Logan's with
fifteen men. On 22 June
1780, most of the residents of Martin's and Ruddle's stations in
present-day Bourbon County were captured by raiding Indians, encouraged
by British in the Northwest Territory.
1778 Indian attacks reduce Kentucky settlements to
three. George Rogers Clark
selected to lead an expedition against the British posts in Illinois; it
helps to secure Kentucky as a territory of Virginia.
1779 - 1780 Courts of Virginia Land Commission are
held at St. Asaph's, Louisville, Boonesborough, Harrodsburg, and Bryan's
1780 Most residents of Martin's and Ruddle's
Stations are captured by Indians. Robert
Patterson begins erecting a fort at site of present-day Lexington. Bryan's Station, five miles
northeast, is settled. Kentucky County is divided into three counties:
Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln.
Near the settlement at Harrodsburg, four stations
were built: Harrod's Boiling Springs, Sandusky's, McGary's, and
McAfee's. Four additional
settlements expanded from Logan's Station: Whitley's, Worthington's,
Field's, and Pitman. A fort
was erected at Lexington in 1780. Bryan's
Station, five miles northeast, was settled that year and Fort Nelson was
built at Louisville in 1782. Additional
early stations included Linn's Station on Beargrass Creek, Brashear's on
Floyd's Creek, and Sullivan's Station near present-day Louisville.
John Hammon had moved from
Wilks County, North Carolina with his first wife, Sarah Clements. The went to Bryan's Station and
were there during the siege, Sarah was killed and is listed on the
memorial at Bryan Station. John then married Mildred Ann
Morgan. The had 22 children and lived in Owen County.
During the earliest migrations, families from
northwest North Carolina traveled through the Blue Ridge Mountains into
the lower Valley of Virginia, through the Cumberland Gap, and up the
Wilderness Road. The road
split and the western portion led to Harrodsburg while the eastern
section went to Boonesborough. Pioneers
coming via the Ohio River established other settlements. Many left from Fort Redstone in
present-day Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and followed the Ohio River
downstream towards today's Cincinnati. From the Ohio River, some followed the Licking River into
northeastern Kentucky. Others
followed the Salt River into north central Kentucky, more trailed the
Kentucky River south into the interior of the territory, while still
others proceeded along smaller tributaries.
1781 Fort Jefferson abandoned. Boone's Wilderness
Road widened. Kentucky
county courts enact a land survey to make available inexpensive land. In
December 1781, the widening of the Wilderness Road was completed, making
it passable for wagons. Earlier
that year, new Virginia legislation made Kentucky land easy to purchase. The dual combination brought
thousands into Kentucky.
1782 Fort Nelson constructed at present-day
establishes district of Kentucky.
1783 Supreme Court for the entire district opens at
Harrodsburg. Land prices
reduced and easier terms offered.
Caleb and Leonard Hall Jr., sons of Leonard
Sr., worked as surveyors with Daniel Boone. The land they surveyed went to
their father. It was
located just three miles NW of Daniel Boone's, which indicated that
Caleb Hall and Leonard Hall, Jr., not only worked with Daniel Boon, but
must have also lived with him at Boone's settlement during the time the
surveys were being made, January 28 - July 28, 1783.
1784 Nelson County organized.
1785 Bourbon, Mercer, and Madison counties created. George Rogers Clark and others
conclude treaty with Indians. Shipping
1786 Frankfort, Stanford, and Washington settled.
1788 Mason and Woodford counties organized.
1789 Caleb Hall [and others]
petition for a a warehouse; “petitioners therefore pray, that you
would be pleased in consideration of the Premises to pass a Law,
establishing a Warehouse on the Lands of the said Michel Bedinger about
three fortieths of a mile below the mouth of the aforesaid Tate Creek”
1790 Federal Census, Reconstructed for Kentucky.
1791 The following Hall's are listed in Bourbon County page
Aaron, Caleb and William.
Caleb Hall owned land out
side of the town of Paris, Stringtown Road, Bourbon County. David Bowles land adjoins Caleb
Hall’s. After David and
Caleb’s death their sons Mahlon Hall and Hughes Bowles continue to
live on the property until 1830, then they move their families to DeWitt
1792 Logan County created. Kentucky becomes the fifteenth
state. First post office
west of the Allegheny Mountains is established at Danville.
1794 At Battle of Fallen Timbers, U.S. forces crush
Indian resistance. First
Episcopal Church in Kentucky established at Lexington.
1795 the population was concentrated in the north
central region of the state. Eastern
and southwestern Kentucky were relatively unsettled until after two
treaties were signed with Indians.
In 1805, the Cherokees ceded their claim to southeastern
Kentucky; and in 1818 with the Jackson Purchase, the Chickasaws ceded
the southwestern portion.
1797 Methodist and Presbyterian camp meetings. Daniel Boone scouted the area in
what is now Bourbon County Kentucky, and recommended it for the building
of what is now the Cane Ridge Meeting House. Andrew McClure was a
minister in it's first days. Among the early
members of Cane Ridge were the Bowles and Hall families.
1803 Tax Records Scott County
Edward Clifton, no land, he listed as a "Free White Male" over
21. He moved to what is now Grand County with his family. Also found on these early tax
list was his brother Noah. After
arriving in Kentucky Noah married Charlotte Osborne, daughter of Richard
and Sarah Osborne.
1803 Louisiana Purchase enables Kentuckians to
trade down the Mississippi River.
1805 Cherokees cede land in southeastern section of
1806 Walter Prather moved his
family from Frederick County Maryland and settled in Bourbon County.
Another brother Barch William (Peter) Prather also moved from Maryland
and died December 2, 1810 in Fayette County and was buried in the
1811 David Clifton arrived
with his family to join his brothers Edward and Noah. He purchased land in Lusby Mill
area of Owen County. David’s
children continued to live in this area.
All his son’s but one continued to raise their families in
Lusby Mill until the mid 1880’s. Son David Jr. is the only known son to move his family. He founded the town of Clifton
Hill in Randolph County Missouri in the late 1850’s.
1812 – 1815 Many men from Kentucky serve in the
War of 1812. Noah Clifton was the only brother to
1818 Jackson Purchase from Chickasaws adds land in
southwestern portion of state.
1819 Benjamin Prather, son of
Barch William [Peter], married Sarah Kightly, she is the daughter of
Abraham Madison and Sarah [Tinnis] Kightly, from Maryland. They were
married in Madison County and then moved to Owen County to raise
1824 Colby Hammon, son of
John and Mary Ann [Morgan], married Christina Kightley, daughter of
Abraham Madison and Sarah [Tennis], they lived in Lusby Mill, Owen
County and raised their children.
1830 Benjamin Prather, son of
Barch, lived in Madison County by 1830 and in 1840 Lusby Mill Owen
County he lived near the Clifton’s and raised his children in that
1845 – 1848 Some Kentuckians give military
service during the Mexican War.
1850 Josiah Clifton, son of David, married Demaris
Ann Prather, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah [Kightly] Prather.
They lived and raised their family in the Lusby Mill area of Owen
County. Several branches of this family liven in Owen County
1858 Abraham Madison Hammon,
son of Colby and Christina [Kightley], married Mary Ann Alexander,
daughter of Angus Alexander of Virginia. They lived and raised
their family in the Lusby Mill area of Owen County.
1861 - 1865 Kentucky remains neutral only four
months. Counties and
families are divided. Generally,
the center and western regions endorse the Confederacy, while eastern
counties support the Union. Kentucky
soldiers serve in the Confederate and Union armies.