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I have several families that moved to Kentucky 
From Virginia  Hall 1783 to Bourbon and Barren, Bowles, bef 1800 to Bourbon, 
Parker bef to 1800 Bourbon,  Blackburn bef 1800 Bracken, Pendleton
From Maryland Barch Prather bef 1800 to Fayatte and Owen, Walter Prather 1806 to Bourbon
From Delaware David Clifton 1810 to Owen, his brothers arrived by 1803, Colcord aft 1835 to Bracken
From North Carolina John Hammon bef 1800 to Scott and Owen, Joseph King 1800 to Bracken
Below is an outline of the History of Kentucky my family history is in green.

1792.gif (208487 bytes) Kentucky Map 1792 giving an overview of migration routs, counties and early settlements.  I found this map at the Clayton Library for genealogy research.  I copied, scanned and colorized it for better viewing.   I hope you enjoy my efforts, this turned out to be quite a lot of work but had fun doing it. All town are in black lettering with green location marks, Counties gold, river names are in light blue, wilderness trail red and Nashville Trail green.

Click on map to enlarge Large file may take time to open.  

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Owen County  History

1739 M. Lonqueil and his French troops discover Big Bone Lick in central Kentucky. 

1748 Dr. Thomas Walker follows directions given by Samuel Stalnacker to the Cumberland Gap. 

1750 Walker leads Loyal Land Company explorers into Kentucky, crossing the Kentucky, Cumberland, and Big Sandy rivers. 

1751 Christopher Gist, Ohio Company representative reaches what is now Clark County.

1763 French and Indian War ends; Ohio River designated as the boundary between the Indians and whites. Kentucky area under jurisdiction of Augusta County, Virginia. 

1772 Fincastle County, Virginia, organized; includes all of present-day Kentucky. 

1773 McAfee brothers and others survey land on the Salt River

1774 Richard Henderson, of North Carolina, established a land-dealing organization called the Transylvania Company and purchased from the Indians all the land between the Kentucky, Cumberland, and Ohio rivers to the Cumberland Mountains.  He hired Daniel Boone, James Harrod, and others to survey the area.  Restrictions imposed by the government in 1775 limited his success

1775 Early settlers into Kentucky arrived from Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina.  Settlements were made in several areas of the state, but most early ones were abandoned because of Indian attacks.  Still, settlers kept coming for the rich, fertile land available on inexpensive terms. Many of those who enlisted in Virginia during the Revolutionary War were rewarded with warrants for Kentucky land in lieu of cash. 

Already existing settlements were then abandoned because of Indian hostilities.  Harrod founded a namesake town, the first permanent settlement in Kentucky in 1774.  Boone brought a company from North Carolina through the Cumberland Gap and up the Wilderness Road.  They built Fort Boonesborough as headquarters for Henderson's company in 1775.

1776 Simon Kenton and Thomas Williams clear land and plant corn at Kenton's Station.  Indian raids force settlers to abandon Hinkston's Station; they move to McClelland's Station.  Residents of Boonesborough and Harrodsburg, meeting at Harrodsburg, vote to make Kentucky a county and elect George Rogers Clark and John Gabriel Jones as Assemblymen.  Virginia legislature first rejects, then accepts. Kentucky County created from Fincastle County.

1777 Logan's (Asaph's) Station in present-day Lincoln County and a station on Pleasant Run in today's Washington County are completed.  McClelland's Station and settlements at Leestown and Danville abandoned.  Census is taken at Fort Harrod, Boonesborough, and Logan's Fort.

A census taken in February 1777 showed that Harrodsburg was populated by eighty-one able-bodied men, four old or infirm men, twenty-four women, twelve children over ten, twelve Negro slaves over ten, fifty-eight white children under ten, and seven black children under ten.  At the same time, Boonesborough had forty men and Logan's Station had twenty men.

By 31 December 1777, the Indian attacks were so severe that only three settlements were left: Boonesborough with twenty-two men, Harrodsburg with sixty-five men, and Logan's with fifteen men.  On 22 June 1780, most of the residents of Martin's and Ruddle's stations in present-day Bourbon County were captured by raiding Indians, encouraged by British in the Northwest Territory.

1778 Indian attacks reduce Kentucky settlements to three.  George Rogers Clark selected to lead an expedition against the British posts in Illinois; it helps to secure Kentucky as a territory of Virginia.

1779 - 1780 Courts of Virginia Land Commission are held at St. Asaph's, Louisville, Boonesborough, Harrodsburg, and Bryan's Station.

1780 Most residents of Martin's and Ruddle's Stations are captured by Indians.  Robert Patterson begins erecting a fort at site of present-day Lexington.  Bryan's Station, five miles northeast, is settled. Kentucky County is divided into three counties: Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln.

Near the settlement at Harrodsburg, four stations were built: Harrod's Boiling Springs, Sandusky's, McGary's, and McAfee's.  Four additional settlements expanded from Logan's Station:  Whitley's, Worthington's, Field's, and Pitman.  A fort was erected at Lexington in 1780.  Bryan's Station, five miles northeast, was settled that year and Fort Nelson was built at Louisville in 1782.  Additional early stations included Linn's Station on Beargrass Creek, Brashear's on Floyd's Creek, and Sullivan's Station near present-day Louisville.

John Hammon had moved from Wilks County, North Carolina with his first wife, Sarah Clements.  The went to Bryan's Station and were there during the siege, Sarah was killed and is listed on the memorial at Bryan Station.  John then married Mildred Ann Morgan.  The had 22 children and lived in Owen County. 

During the earliest migrations, families from northwest North Carolina traveled through the Blue Ridge Mountains into the lower Valley of Virginia, through the Cumberland Gap, and up the Wilderness Road.  The road split and the western portion led to Harrodsburg while the eastern section went to Boonesborough.  Pioneers coming via the Ohio River established other settlements.  Many left from Fort Redstone in present-day Fayette County, Pennsylvania, and followed the Ohio River downstream towards today's Cincinnati.  From the Ohio River, some followed the Licking River into northeastern Kentucky.  Others followed the Salt River into north central Kentucky, more trailed the Kentucky River south into the interior of the territory, while still others proceeded along smaller tributaries. 

1781 Fort Jefferson abandoned. Boone's Wilderness Road widened.  Kentucky county courts enact a land survey to make available inexpensive land. In December 1781, the widening of the Wilderness Road was completed, making it passable for wagons.  Earlier that year, new Virginia legislation made Kentucky land easy to purchase.  The dual combination brought thousands into Kentucky.

1782 Fort Nelson constructed at present-day Louisville.  Virginia establishes district of Kentucky.

1783 Supreme Court for the entire district opens at Harrodsburg.  Land prices reduced and easier terms offered.   Caleb and Leonard Hall Jr., sons of Leonard Sr., worked as surveyors with Daniel Boone.  The land they surveyed went to their father.  It was located just three miles NW of Daniel Boone's, which indicated that Caleb Hall and Leonard Hall, Jr., not only worked with Daniel Boon, but must have also lived with him at Boone's settlement during the time the surveys were being made, January 28 - July 28, 1783.

1784 Nelson County organized.

1785 Bourbon, Mercer, and Madison counties created.  George Rogers Clark and others conclude treaty with Indians.  Shipping port settled.

1786 Frankfort, Stanford, and Washington settled.

1788 Mason and Woodford counties organized.

1789 Caleb Hall [and others] petition for a a warehouse; “petitioners therefore pray, that you would be pleased in consideration of the Premises to pass a Law, establishing a Warehouse on the Lands of the said Michel Bedinger about three fortieths of a mile below the mouth of the aforesaid Tate Creek”

1790 Federal Census, Reconstructed for Kentucky.

1791 The following Hall's are listed in Bourbon County page 42 :  
Aaron, Caleb and William.  

Caleb Hall owned land out side of the town of Paris, Stringtown Road, Bourbon County.  David Bowles land adjoins Caleb Hall’s.  After David and Caleb’s death their sons Mahlon Hall and Hughes Bowles continue to live on the property until 1830, then they move their families to DeWitt County Illinois.

1792 Logan County created.  Kentucky becomes the fifteenth state.  First post office west of the Allegheny Mountains is established at Danville.

1794 At Battle of Fallen Timbers, U.S. forces crush Indian resistance.  First Episcopal Church in Kentucky established at Lexington.

1795 the population was concentrated in the north central region of the state.  Eastern and southwestern Kentucky were relatively unsettled until after two treaties were signed with Indians.  In 1805, the Cherokees ceded their claim to southeastern Kentucky; and in 1818 with the Jackson Purchase, the Chickasaws ceded the southwestern portion.

1797 Methodist and Presbyterian camp meetings.  Daniel Boone scouted the area in what is now Bourbon County Kentucky, and recommended it for the building of what is now the Cane Ridge Meeting House. Andrew McClure was a minister in it's first days. Among the early members of Cane Ridge were the Bowles and Hall families.

1803 Tax Records Scott County Edward Clifton, no land, he listed as a "Free White Male" over 21.  He moved to what is now Grand County with his family.  Also found on these early tax list was his brother Noah.  After arriving in Kentucky Noah married Charlotte Osborne, daughter of Richard and Sarah Osborne.

1803 Louisiana Purchase enables Kentuckians to trade down the Mississippi River.

1805 Cherokees cede land in southeastern section of the state.

1806 Walter Prather moved his family from Frederick County Maryland and settled in Bourbon County. Another brother Barch William (Peter) Prather also moved from Maryland and died December 2, 1810 in Fayette County and was buried in the Prather Cemetery.  

1811 David Clifton arrived with his family to join his brothers Edward and Noah.  He purchased land in Lusby Mill area of Owen County.  David’s children continued to live in this area.  All his son’s but one continued to raise their families in Lusby Mill until the mid 1880’s.  Son David Jr. is the only known son to move his family.  He founded the town of Clifton Hill in Randolph County Missouri in the late 1850’s.

1812 – 1815 Many men from Kentucky serve in the War of 1812. Noah Clifton was the only brother to serve. 

1818 Jackson Purchase from Chickasaws adds land in southwestern portion of state. 

1819 Benjamin Prather, son of Barch William [Peter], married Sarah Kightly, she is the daughter of Abraham Madison and Sarah [Tinnis] Kightly, from Maryland. They were married in  Madison County and then moved to Owen County to raise their family.

1824 Colby Hammon, son of John and Mary Ann [Morgan], married Christina Kightley, daughter of Abraham Madison and Sarah [Tennis], they lived in Lusby Mill, Owen County and raised their children.

1830 Benjamin Prather, son of Barch, lived in Madison County by 1830 and in 1840 Lusby Mill Owen County he lived near the Clifton’s and raised his children in that area.

1845 – 1848 Some Kentuckians give military service during the Mexican War. 

1850 Josiah Clifton, son of David, married Demaris Ann Prather, daughter of Benjamin and Sarah [Kightly] Prather.  They lived and raised their family in the Lusby Mill area of Owen County.  Several branches of this family liven in Owen County today.

1858 Abraham Madison Hammon, son of Colby and Christina [Kightley], married Mary Ann Alexander, daughter of Angus Alexander of Virginia.  They lived and raised their family in the Lusby Mill area of Owen County.

1861 - 1865 Kentucky remains neutral only four months.  Counties and families are divided.  Generally, the center and western regions endorse the Confederacy, while eastern counties support the Union.  Kentucky soldiers serve in the Confederate and Union armies.

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1780 Map by AniMap 

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Bourbon County  History

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Map by Geo Systems showing adjoining 
States Main Kentucky Rivers - Lakes.
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Bracken County  History
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1810 Map by AniMap 
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Pendleton County  History
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1850 Map by AniMap 

   This Page was created Sunday July 26, 2000
This Page was Most recent revision  Sunday October 2, 2005

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