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William Kinchen's of VA, NC 1700s


March 2005 Update: Changed link for family tree data.

Comments, questions, other info?  Please email me!

NOTE: I also have Kinchen tree data in Gedcom-to-HTML format at:

    KinchenTree


 
 

Background

In Dec 2000 I started focusing on researching my Kinchen line, which is my mother's mother's lineage. I had previously done enough work on this line to go back to a William Kinchen (1737 NC - 1835 Montgomery Co. GA) whose wife's name was Sarah. I also had the research notes of another Kinchen researcher (now deceased), who unfortunately I never met; we had a mutual cousin who lent me her notes. In going through her notes, I saw the "William" problem, and this was reinforced when I searched out message boards and other Kinchen genealogy information on the internet.
 
 

The "William Kinchen" Problem

When I have seen information on the early William Kinchen's in NC, it went something like this:

William 1 Kinchen lived on Isle of Wight Co., VA; d. 1735.
William 2 Kinchen, son of William 1, b. ca. 1710, d. 1758 Edgecombe Co., NC
William 3 Kinchen, son of William 2, b. ca 1735-40, d. 1779 Edgecombe Co., NC

and finally:
   William Kinchen, 1737 NC - 1835 GA - unplaced. He supposedly doesn't fit anywhere above - when this William was born, William 1 was dead, William 2 already had a son named William, and William 3 is about the same age but is known to have died in 1779.

However, as I searched through the notes I was given, and supplemented them with my own research, some early records just did not fit with the above lineage. I now believe that the above lineage is very WRONG in some respects. A new line of thinking is needed to fit together the William Kinchen's in 1700's NC.

As I scan various Kinchen msg boards and family tree info on the Internet, I see a lot of confusion about the various William Kinchen's. The above lineage is the closest thing I see to a consensus, but in reality different people are posting contradictory information on various sites and/or in response to queries. It is unfortunate that information on the Internet is rarely accompanied by any documentation. I hope to change both of these things where the early Kinchen's are concerned. I believe I have enough information to bring some clarity to the confusion. And I am posting actual early records on this web page, at least enough for people to follow my train of thought and conclusions and to be able to compare to their own sources.

The Internet can be a wonderful genealogy tool, if people working on the same lines share information. I am sharing information here to help anyone who reads this. I hope that those who see this, and who have other information, will likewise help me by emailing and sharing with me !!!

Following are some of the records I have found and where they have led me in my Kinchen research.  Although my main focus has been the various William Kinchen's, I have also included some other more general Kinchen information on this page to try to be of help to other Kinchen descendants trying to trace their families.
 
 
 

Legal Age

Before getting to the meat of my research, an important question is, what was the legal age in Colonial NC?  The answer comes from "North Carolina Research - Genealogy and Local History", by Helen F. M. Leary.
p. 43 - "Although a man could buy or be granted land before he was 21, he could not sell it in his own name."

p. 61 - "If a person sold land, he was 21 or over; she was 21 or over and, normally, single or widowed.  Witnesses were 14 or older, but normally 21 or over if they "proved" the deed at court.  One who bought or was granted land was seldom too young to set up housekeeping on it."

p. 189 - "Children 14 or older could choose their own guardians but they were nevertheless legal minors or "infants" until the age of 21.

p. 212 - "The GRANTOR is commonly named at the beginning of a deed.  The seller of land should have been at or above the age of 21, although a few are known to have been slightly younger.

Something is Wrong - 
Birthdate of William 1's grandson

Let me again state the prevalent chronology of the William Kinchen's:

   William 1 Kinchen lived on Isle of Wight Co., VA; d. 1735.
   William 2 Kinchen, son of William 1, b. ca. 1710, d. 1758 Edgecombe Co., NC
   William 3 Kinchen, son of William 2, b. ca 1735-40, d. 1779 Edgecombe Co., NC

William 1 Kinchen died in Isle of Wight Co., VA.  He made a will dated Aug 13, 1734, and the will was presented at court July 28, 1735, implying he died between these dates.

(Note: For Kinchen wills, see the "Wills" section farther down, where I have either the full text or significant abstracts of most of the early Kinchen wills.  In the present section I'm just going to extrapolate a few relevant points.)

In William 1's will, he lists his son William Kinchen and his grandson William Kinchen.  This means that the grandson had to be born no later than Aug 1734 when William 1 wrote his will.

Now, in the prevalent lineage, William 1's grandson is considered to be the son of the William who died in Edgecombe Co., NC in 1758.

The William who died in 1758 also left a will, and did have a son named William.  But there is a problem with this son William being the grandson of William 1.  Consider the guardianship record:

"William Kinchen Jun., decd., Blake Baker, Esq. was appointed guardian to his orphans, Martha, Elizabeth, John, Mary, Temperance, and William Kinchen, Dec. 27, 1758. ... Will proved by the oaths of William Moore and Peter Jones. Henry Campbell was the other witness and Blake Baker an exr., Dec. 28, 1758. ... Inventory returned by the exr. Ordered that the perishable estate be sold on the 31st day of Jan. next.  Dec. 28, 1758."
Here we see that the William who was the son of the William who died in 1758 was not yet 21 years old - i.e. he was an "orphan" who needed a guardian - at the time of this court date.  Thus, this William could not have been born before Dec 27, 1737 at the earliest (so as to be under 21 at that date in 1758).

So the grandson of William 1 had to be born by Aug 1734, but the son of the William who died in 1758 could not have been born before Dec 1737.  Thus he could not have been William 1's grandson.

So we see that something is WRONG - we need to look elsewhere to find William 1's grandson.
 
 

Something Else is Wrong - 
3 Key Deeds

Here are 3 key deeds which show that something is wrong:
--------------------------------
1. from Edgecombe Prec. Land Recs:

"Bk 1 pg 140 Mathew Raiford & Mourning his wife of Edgecombe to Wm Kinchen of Edgecombe 10 Oct 1735, 100 pds current money of VA, 270 acres on south side of Moratuck River... Wits: Red Lewis, Jr., Wm. Williams, Wm. Kinchen, Jr."
2. from "Colonial Bertie County", Volume 3, p. 181:
"Book E, 176 - William Kinchen & wife Mary to John Deberry Nov 5, 1737. 95 pds for 627 A. on Meherring River at mouth of Middle Branch, At "Boon's corner tree". Wit: William Kinchen, Jun., Thomas Humphrey, jurat. November 1737."
3. from Northampton Co., NC deed abstracts:
"pg. 224 Joseph Bridgers of Northampton Co. to William Kinchen of Northampton Co. 3 July 1745 18 pounds current silver money of Va. 436 acres more or less on the north west side of the Mill swamp, joining Rowland Williams and the swamp, as by patent 1 Dec. 1744 Wit: William Kinchen, Jr., John Crowell, Samuel Bell x his mark Reg. Northampton Co. Nov. Ct. 1745 Robert Forster C. Ct."
These 3 deeds all show William Kinchen buying or selling land, and in all three cases, one of the Witnesses is William Kinchen, Jr.  As noted in the section on legal age, William [Sr] was at least age 21 and William Jr was at least age 14 by 1735.  Well, this is impossible in the above lineage. William 1 was dead by late 1735, and William 3 was born around 1735-40.  Only William 2 was of age to be involved in land transactions (whether as buyer/seller or witness).  So again we can see that something is WRONG.
 
 

Who were the William's in these deeds?

One question to answer is, were the "William" and "William Jr" in the above deeds father and son?  In Colonial times, a "Senior" and a "Junior" were not necessarily father and son.  These terms were not part of a person's name, but were adapted based on the situation.  I.e., if two people with the same name (John Smith or whatever) lived in the same area, the older of the two would go by Sr and the younger would go by Jr to distinguish them.  It wasn't until the use of birth certificates that the term "Jr" started being used as a formal designation of a son with the same name.  So, were William Sr and William Jr here father and son?

Consider that :
1. From William 1's will mentioned earlier, we know that William 1's son and grandson, both named William Kinchen, were both alive by 1734.
2. In these deeds, we have two men named William Kinchen who were both alive during the mid 1730s to 1750s period.

I suggest that the natural conclusion here is that the William Sr and Jr from these deeds are the son and grandson, respectively, mentioned in William 1's will.  Thus William Sr and Jr here were indeed father and son.

Suppose on the other hand that we consider another possibility:  Of William and William Jr here, one of them was William 1's son, but the other was some other Kinchen cousin.

Remember that one still has to find another William Kinchen who was William 1's grandson (as listed in his will).  Remember also that the son of the William who died in 1758 has been ruled out as being not old enough.  Having studied many Kinchen records during this period, I assert that there were no other William Kinchen's around during this period who would be old enough to be born by 1734 (and thus come of age by 1755 at the latest).

One could of course speculate that William 1's grandson died before reaching adulthood, so there are no other records of him such as land transactions or a will since he wasn't old enough to ever do these things.  It is hard to absolutely disprove an idea which relies on the absence of records, since by definition one cannot find any records to the contrary.  But:

- If one cannot absolutely disprove this idea, one certainly cannot prove it either.  There are no records to indicate that any of the William Kinchen's had a son who died in childhood.
- Since we see that there were two William Kinchen's alive during this period, isn't it natural to suppose that they were the son and grandson of William 1's will?  Why try to speculate and invent another William Kinchen who must have died, without having any records to back this up, when there is available a natural conclusion based on records that we do have?
- If one were to make such an assumption of an extra William who died, I suggest that this would raise even more questions/problems with the prevalent Kinchen lineage.  Remember, we ruled out the son of William who died in 1758 as being William 1's grandson.  Thus by implication we ruled out the William who died in 1758 as himself being William 1's son.  So this would mean that descendants of the William who died in 1758 (e.g. the John Dawson Kinchen line, not to mention all his siblings) are not really descendants of William 1 at all, but of some other Kinchen.  So where did the William who died in 1758 come from?  So I would again ask, why speculate and invent a scenario which makes things all the more complicated, when we have a natural conclusion available based on the existing evidence?

In summary, the natural conclusion is that the two William's mentioned as son and grandson in the will of William 1 are the same as the William and William Jr in the above deeds.

So I'm going to now list things as:

William 1 Kinchen of Isle of Wight Co. b. ~1675 d. 1735
William Sr in these deeds is William 2 Kinchen (son of William 1) b. ~1700
William Jr in these deeds is William 3 Kinchen (son of William 2) b. ~1720

Also, I have never seen a concrete birthdate for William 1. I added "~1675" above based on this -
from Isle of Wight Deed Book 1 1688-1704:

"(p. 89) 8 Jan 1693 William Carver ...
Wit: William Kerle, William Kinchon and Thomas Howell. [signed] William (x) Carver
Rec: 9 Jan 1693"
Since William witnessed this deed in 1693, he must have been at least 14 and possibly a bit older.  This would also make him old enough to have been the father of a William 2 born around 1700.

While in one sense this is so far the same lineage presented originally, the difference is that my scenario allows for an "extra" adult William present in NC during the 1740s & 50s. This throws back the dates for William 2 and William 3 by 20 years or so from the "prevalent" lineage, which will make some difference as we consider the impact on descendant generations including William 4 (and in fact as we consider who these William's married and when they died).
 
 

What happened to William 2 and 3?

William 2 seems to have been known as "William Sr. of Northampton" in deeds, from 1741 on. William 3 seems to have been known as "William Jr. of Edgecombe" from 1741 on. Here are a few of the many deeds which list the William Kinchen's:

WILLIAM KINCHEN, JR. of Edge. Co. to David Hopper of Edge. Co.  19 Oct. 1746  35 pounds current money of Va.  740 acres:  100 acres joining Tuckahoe marsh and 640 acres, joining Haynesworth, Conoconary, Stevens and Mr. Forster both tracts being patents to Benjamin McKinnie  Wit: William Williams, Nathaniel Cooper  Reg. Edge. Co. Nov. Ct. 1746 R. Forster C.Ct.

William Richmond and Ann his wife and Paul Patrick and Agnes his wife all of Edge. Co. to WILLIAM KINCHIN, JR. of Edge. Co. 24 Nov. 1754  25 pounds current money of Va.  320 acres more or less, joining Robert Foster and the river  half of 640 acres John Mackinnie conveyed to Col. James Millikin  21 May 1734 Wit: Thomas Hall, Daniel Weldon  Reg. Edge. Co. Nov. Ct. 1754 B. Wynns C.Ct.

WILLIAM KINCHEN, JR. of Edge. Co. to William Richmond of Edge. Co., merchant  9 Dec. 1754  500 pounds lawful money of Great Britain  1820 acres in several tracts of land (among which) is 400 acres on Conoconary called the court house land  Wit: Joseph Montfort, Hugh Hardy  Reg. Edge. Co. Feb. Ct. 1755 B. Wynns C.Ct.

WILLIAM KINCHEN, SR. of Northampton Co., gentleman to Arthur Bell of Edge. Co., planter  22 Dec. 1754  15 pounds current money of Va.  388 acres on the north side of Swift creek, joining former lands of WILLIAM KINCHIN, Great Meadow, Honey branch and the creek  part of 676 acres  Wit: Thomas Floyd  T his mark, B. J. Croney  Reg. Edge. Co. Feb. Ct. 1756 Joseph Montfort C.Ct.

WILLIAM KINCHEN, SR. of Northampton Co., gentleman to Arthur Bell of Edge. Co., planter  22 Dec. 1754  15 pounds current money of Va.  388 acres on the north side of Swift creek, joining former lands of WILLIAM KINCHIN, Great Meadow, Honey branch and the creek  part of 676 acres  Wit: Thomas Floyd  T his mark, B. J. Croney  Reg. Edge. Co. Feb. Ct. 1756 Joseph Montfort C.Ct.

WILLIAM KINCHIN, SR. of Northampton Co., gentleman to Francis Floyd of Edge. Co., planter 15 Dec. 1755 10 pounds current money of Va. 288 acres on the north side of Swift creek, joining Goodson's branch, Thomas Floyd, Henry branch, other lands of the sd. KINCHIN and the creek  part of 676 acres  Wit: John Falconer, Joseph Thomas  Reg. Edge. Co. Nov. Ct. 1756 J. Montfort C.Ct.

WILLIAM KINCHEN, JR. of Edge. Co. to Blake Baker of Edge. Co. 18 May 1757  100 pounds lawfull money of Great Britain  200 acres on Conoconary and is 1/2 of 400 acres  called the Court House land  Wit: Montfort Eelbeck, Samuel Johnson, Jr.(?)  Reg. Edge. Co. May Ct. 1757 Joseph Montfort C.Ct.

As can be seen from these deeds, William Sr is always in Northampton Co, and William Jr is always in Edgecombe Co.  From other deeds I have looked at, sometimes the county of residence is not mentioned, and sometimes the Sr/Jr is not mentioned (more often with Sr than with Jr), but when they are mentioned the designations are *always* consistent.  And it is not that one of them moved from one county to another, but they both carry their respective designations at the same time throughout the period 1741-1758.  E.g., the above deeds are given in chronological order, showing William Jr in Edgecombe in Nov 1754, William Sr in Northampton in Dec 1754 & 1755, and William Jr in Edgecombe in May 1757.

(To clarify the geography, Northampton and Edgecombe Co's. were both formed from Bertie in 1738. The first deed shown above was in "Edgecombe Precinct" in 1735, which was in Bertie County at the time.  Other counties such as Halifax, Granville, Bute, Orange, etc then split off from Northampton and Edgecombe from the 1740s onward.)

Also, William of Northampton is on one occasion referred to as "Captain", on another as "Sheriff".  I have never seen these titles applied to William Jr. of Edgecombe.  Both of the respective William's were however Justices of the Peace for their respective counties.

William of Northampton (i.e. William 2) also had a son named Henry:

pg. 502 WILLIAM KINCHEN of Northampton Co. to HENRY KINCHEN of Northampton Co.  16 Sept. 1758 for love and affection  1100 acres more or less whereon I now live and purchased of Col. Barnaby McKinnie and 100 acres joining it which I purchased of Peter Jones, all houses, orchards, gardens, stables, pastures etc.  Wit: Thomas Humphry, John Gully, Wil- Gulley Reg. (not given) J. Edwards C.Ct.

pg. 504 WILLIAM KINCHEN of Northampton Co. to HENRY KINCHEN of Northampton Co.  16 Sept. 1758 for the love and affection I bear my beloved son, the Negroes Cromwill, London, Hanah, Rose, Amy, Amy's child, Betty, Aggy, 3 feather beds, 1 counter pin, one desk, 6 chairs etc. Wit: Thomas Humphry, John Culley, William Gulley.  Reg. Northampton Co. Oct. Ct. 1758  J. Edwards C.Ct.

While I'm discussing Henry, he appears on a couple of other deeds from 1757 to 1761.  I have not found any records for Henry after 1761:
DB C-20  Commissioners of the Town of Tarborough to HENRY KINCHIN, July 31, 1761, for 40s. Proc. money one lot containing one-half acre on Creek Street, known as Lot No. 67 in the plan of the town.  Wit: Benja. Hart, Edw'd Telfair.

WILLIAM KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to John White of same, March 25, 1777, for 3 pds. Proc. money one lot in the Town of Tarborough, known as Lot No. 67 in the plan of the town.

Since Henry bought this land, and William later sold it, does that indicate Henry died in the interim?  I see no record of Henry deeding this land over to William.  On the whole, I tend to think that Henry had died by 1777.  If anyone has information to shed more light on this, please let me know.

Getting back to William 2 and 3 - in 1758, one of these William's died:

"William Kinchen (jr) Nov 6, 1758, Dec Ct 1758 son & Ex: John land on the river adj Craghill, also 1/2 my land in Northampton Co., that is to say: Upper part of my land on both side of the Roanoke River has been sold to Paul Patrick, the deed not yet delivered. Son: William, reminder of my land. Daus: Martha, Elizabeth, Mary, Temperance. Exs: Bros. Blake Baker, Henry Dawson. Wit: Henry Campbell, Peter Jones, William Moore."
"William Kinchen Jun., decd., Blake Baker, Esq. was appointed guardian to his orphans, Martha, Elizabeth, John, Mary, Temperance, and William Kinchen, Dec. 27, 1758. ... Will proved by the oaths of William Moore and Peter Jones. Henry Campbell was the other witness and Blake Baker an exr., Dec. 28, 1758. ... Inventory returned by the exr. Ordered that the perishable estate be sold on the 31st day of Jan. next, Dec. 28, 1758."
It is pretty evident that it was William 3, as I have labeled him, who died. For one thing, the deceased was known as "William Jun.".  Also, these records come from Edgecombe Co. where William 3 was.  Finally, there is no son named Henry (who was still around in 1758 considering that he bought land in 1761).

Note that the William who died in 1758 was not William 1's son, but rather his grandson William 3.  William 2, i.e. William Sr of Northampton, was still alive at this point.

So far, we have:
William 1 Kinchen of Isle of Wight Co. b. ~1675 d. 1735
William 2 Kinchen (son of William 1) of Northampton Co. b. ~1700
William 3 Kinchen (son of William 2), i.e. "Wm. Jun. of Edgecombe Co." b. ~1720, d. 1758
 
 

William 4
Could this have been William 1737 NC - 1835 GA??

As previously noted, when William 3 died in 1758, he had a son named William who was an "orphan".  This William was born sometime after Dec 27, 1737 since he was not yet of legal age on that date in 1758. I will label him William 4.

Was William 4 the William of 1737 NC - 1835 GA?  First of all, is this possbile age-wise?  William who came to GA is said to have died by 1835, and a point is made of his having reached his 98th birthday before he died.  At first glance the birthdate of William 4 looks one year too late, since he could not have been born before essentially the end of 1737, or more probably sometime in 1738.

But there are several possible explanations for this.
1.  As William grew into old age, he could have gotten a year off in figuring his own birthdate.  As an example,  my own grandfather is recorded to have died at the age of 86, but based on my own study of records, I believe he was really 85, and I have argued with some of my relatives who claimed that he was 88.  Without birth certificates, people really could get a year off on their own birthdate.
2.  If William's birthdate was Dec 28-30, 1737, and he died on Dec 29-31, 1835, this would satisfy both the court criteria for him being an orphan on Dec 27, 1758, and the criteria for him to have reached his 98th birthday before he died.
3.  Before the Gregorian calendar was established in 1752, March 25th was the beginning of the New Year;  the dates Jan 1 to March 24 were considered part of the preceding year.  So if William was born, e.g., Feb 1, 1737, this date occurred after Dec 27, 1737.  Today, it is customary to treat these dates before 1752 as occurring in the following year, i.e. today we would "adjust" this date and consider it to be Feb 1, 1738.  But William may not have made this adjustment during his lifetime.  If he saw himself as born during Jan-March 1737 (using the old calendar), and he reached that date in 1835, he would consider himself 98 years old, and the fact that the calendar change would really make him 97 years old may not have been considered.  This would widen the possibility for William's birthdate and death date from a couple of days to three months during the year, which is much more likely.

However, all this demonstrates is that age-wise, William 4 could have been the William who came to GA.

But to really determine whether or not this is so, we need to look at some other events.  So continuing on, we have...
 

William 2's 2nd marriage

"pg. 500 WILLIAM KINCHEN of Northampton Co., gentleman to WILLIAM UPSHAW DAVIS and THOMAS HUMPHREYS of Northampton Co. and SARAH HOUSE daughter of ROBERT HOUSE (co. not identified) 15 Aug.1758 in consideration of a marriage intended by God's permission between WILLIAM KINCHEN and SARAH HOUSE and the sum of 5 shillings proclamation money WILLIAM KINCHEN releases to the sd. DAVIS and HUMPHREY 300 acres more or less in Johnson Co. on the north side of Northhunty marsh with the stock of meat cattle and hoggs thereon and now in the tenure of JAMES EDWARDS. Wit: JOHN DURES (?), JAMES SHARE (?), THOMAS LANKFORD X his mark Reg. Northampton Co. Oct. Ct. 1758 J. Edwards C. Ct."
This is evidently referring to the marriage of William 2 and Sarah House. (This was obviously a 2nd marriage for William 2, since his earlier wife was named "Mary" and since he had two adult sons, William 3 and Henry.)  He is here referred to as "William ... of Northampton Co.", the standard designation for William 2. Also, this occurs in Aug 1758, a month before deeding much land over to his son Henry in Sept 1758 (see above). The two events may be somewhat connected if William wanted to make sure Henry got some land before he (William) remarried. Could this marriage be for William 4?  Very doubtful - he is spoken of as an "orphan" in Dec 1758, this would be an unlikely way to speak of him if he had gotten married a few months earlier. And William 4 would have evidently started out in Edgecombe, where his father was located, whereas this is "William of Northampton". So for numerous reasons, I believe it is pretty clear that this is a marriage for William 2, not William 4.

As a side note, I find this whole record to be very unusual.  I thought a woman's father would give land or other possessions to the husband as a dowry.  Here, it is the husband William 2 Kinchen giving the land, and it is not clear how the people he is giving it to relate to Sarah House (maybe they were her guardians if her father had died?).  I'm not sure why William Kinchen would do this.
 
 

The 1779 Will of William Kinchen

"William Kinchen, July 4, 1779. Nov Ct., 1779. Wife: Sarah, plantation and lands during life, negroes, horses, furniture, cattle, hogs, etc. Son: Matthew, 14 negroes, Brandy still, Blacksmith tools, silver tankard, 3 silver spoons, furniture. Dau: Mourning Ball, side saddle, furniture and utensils. Exr: Ethelred Philips. Wit: Ethelred Philips, Joseph Philips, Uriah Smith."
Figuring out which William Kinchen died in 1779 is crucial to understanding which William Kinchen is which.

Let's review what I have presented so far.
Before I came along, the prevalent William Kinchen lineage was listed as:
  William 1 Kinchen lived on Isle of Wight Co., VA; d. 1735.
  William 2 Kinchen, son of William 1, b. ca. 1710, d. 1758 Edgecombe Co., NC
  William 3 Kinchen, son of William 2, b. ca 1735-40, d. 1779 Edgecombe Co., NC

As I have documented so far, this lineage completely misses a generation in that it was really William 3, not William 2, who died in 1758.  Also some dates are off.  The correct lineage is:
  William 1 Kinchen of Isle of Wight Co. b. ~1675 d. 1735
  William 2 Kinchen (son of William 1) of Northampton Co. b. ~1700
  William 3 Kinchen (son of William 2), i.e. "Wm. Jun. of Edgecombe Co." b. ~1720, d. 1758
  William 4 Kinchen (son of William 3), b. ~1738

Previously, Kinchen researchers considered the William Kinchen who died in 1779 to be the son of the William Kinchen who died in 1758.  However, now we have an extra generation - we have no death date for William 2 or William 4.  So which of these William Kinchen's was the one who died in 1779?

We saw previously that William 2 had lived in Northampton Co at least up to 1758 when he married Sarah House.  One might tend to expect that William 2 continued to live in Northampton after this.  One might also tend to expect that since William 3 had lived in Edgecombe Co., his son William 4 would also live there.  Thus the William who died in 1779 would be William 4.

Although this would be the expected conclusion, let me get ahead of myself and say that I do not believe this is correct.  To see why, let's look at deeds from 1758 to 1779 in Edgecombe and Northampton.

Edgecombe County deeds:

DB00-207 Edmund Kearney and wife, Sarah Kearney of Edgecombe Co. to WILLIAM KINCHEN of same, Feb. 11, 1760, for 165 pounds Virginia money a tract of 640 acres on the east side of Swift Creek adjoining Capt. Thomas Bryant, which land was granted to Robert Foster by patent bearing date Nov. 4, 1735, by him assigned to Thomas Kearney, and by the said Thomas Kearney conveyed to the said Edmund Kearney.  Wit: Sam'l Williams, Thos. Kearny, Joseph (X) Phillips.

DB C-224 David Smith of Edgecombe Co. to WILLIAM KINCHEN of same, April 24, 1764, for 26 / 13 / 4 Proc. money a tract of 175 acres on the south bank of White Oak Swamp adjoining Arthur Phillups and James Speir, which land was purchased by said David Smith of James Speir and Arthur Phillups.  Wit: Eth'd Exum, Robert (X) Rose.

DB C-375 Arthur (A) Philips of Edgecombe Co. to WILLIAM KINCHEN of same, Oct. 26, 1765, for 10 pounds Virginia currency a tract of 150 acres on the south bank of White Oak Swamp adjoining David Smith, Jas. Spear, and Thos. Watkins, which land was granted to Arthur Philips by a deed bearing date Dec. 12, 1760.  Wit: Eth'd Exum, Samuel Drewry.

DB C-436 Jesse Boykin and wife, Sarah (X) Boykin, to WM. KINCHEN, Jan. Ct. 1767, for 170 pounds Virginia money two tracts of land on the north side of Swift Creek containing in the whole 357 acres: (1) on the creek adjoining his own line; (2) on the creek adjoining Charles Porter and Geo. Rochel.  Wit: Eth'd Exum, Barnaby (X) Exum.

DB D-29  WILLIAM KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to Joseph Ing of same, Aug. 6, 1768, for 26 / 13 / 4 Proc. money a tract of 175 acres on the south bank of White Oak Swamp adjoining Arthur Philips and James Speir.  This tract was conveyed by Arthur Philips and James Speir to David Smith, who shold it to said WILLIAM KINCHEN.  Wit: Etheldred Exum, John House.

DB D-146  John Sikes of Edgecombe Co. to WILLIAM KINCHEN of same, June 10, 1768, for 30 pounds Proc. money a tract of 300 acres on the south bank of Swift Creek and on the Long Branch adjoining Joshua Sikes, it being the plantation whereon said John Sikes then lived, which was granted to him by a patent bearing date March 29, 1743.  Wit: Eth'd Exum, Jos. Moore.

DB 2-22 WILLIAM KINCHEN and wife, SARAH, of Edgecombe Co. to Joseph Philips of same, March 21, 1772, for 100 pds. Proc. money a tract of 300 acres on the south bank of Swift Creek and on the Long Branch adjoining Josua Sikes, which land was granted to John Sikes by patent bearing date March 29, 1743 and was conveyed to said Kinchen by deed of sale bearing date June 10, 1768.  Wit: Etheldred Philips, Etheldred Exum.

DB 3-102 WILLIAM KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to John White of same, March 25, 1777, for 3 pds. Proc. money one lot in the Town of Tarborough, known as Lot No. 67 in the plan of the town.  Wit: William Bonner, William George.

DB 3-325  WILLIAM KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to MATTHEW KINCHEN of same, Aug. 25, 1778, for 50 pds. Virginia money two tracts of land on the north side of Swift Creek containing in the whole 357 acres as follows: (1) 160 acres on the creek, granted to William Speir by patent bearing date June 5, 1740; (2) 197 acres on the creek adjoining Charles Porter and George Rochel, it being a Granville grant to George Rochel bearing date July 6, 1759.  Wit: Eth'd Exum, Junr., Bejna. (X) Hart.

Northampton County deeds:

Noah Pridham blacksmith of Northampton Co. to WILLIAM KINCHEN planter of same.  20 Feb 1759.  15 pounds NC.  200 acres which had been a patent to Thomas Jones & to the sd. Pridham 7 May 1742, joining Poticasa Swamp, Livesay(?) Branch, Pridham, Jones, "which said land is part of a patent Granted to Thomas Jones for 400 acres."  Noah Pridham.

WILLIAM KINCHEN planter of Northampton Co. to Henry Wheeler planter of same.  20 Apr 1759.  15 pounds NC.  200 acres which was part of 400 acres patented by Thos. Jones 7 May 1742, joining Poticasa Swamp, Pridham, sd Jones.  WILLIAM KINCHEN.

908 pg. 216  CAPT WILLIAM KINCHEN  26 November 1761  160 acres in Edgecombe County on the N. side of Swift Creek, joining Etheldred Exum, Kinchens corner, and the sd. creek  OR: /s/ W KINCHEN  Wit: John Spendelow  surveyed 2 August 1761  SCC: Robt Travathon, Nathanl Scot  W Haywood Surveyor

WILLIAM KINCHEN & his wife SARAH of St. George Parish Northampton Co. to Thomas Webb of same.  1 Jan 1777.  70 pds proclamation.  40 acres in the Ocanechey Plains, joining Gee, Clarks Meadow, Miry Pond, KINCHEN, Edmons.  Wit: Wm. Camp, Martha (x) Burk.  Dec Ct. 1777.  Jeph. Atherton CC.

WILLIAM KINCHEN of Northampton Co. to Benja. Bryan of same.  18 Dec 1777.  1200 pds proclamation.  400 acres which Robert Jones had sold to sd. Kinchen, in Ocaneechey Neck on north side of Ronoak River, joining Thomas Webb, Drury Gay, Williams, Benja. Bryan.  Wit: Thom. Webb, Sarah (x) Williams, Francis Boykin.  Mar Ct. 1778.  Jeph. Atherton CC.

JOHN KINCHEN of Town of Halifax to Benjamin Bryan of Northampton Co.  25 Apr 1783.  200 pds. specie.  1/2 of land on Roanoak River which was devised to sd. KINCHEN by his father WILLIAM KINCHEN, & does not include the land WILLIAM KINCHEN the brother of the sd. JOHN KINCHEN sold to Thomas Webb.  Wit: Allen Jones, James Dancy.  Jun Ct. 1783.  Jeph. Atherton CC.

JOHN KINCHEN of Town of Halifax to Thomas Webb of Northampton Co.  1 Mar 1784.  5 pds specie.  His right to 40 acres which sd. Thomas Webb had purchased from WILLIAM KINCHEN brother of sd. John Kinchen, "it being part of an undivided Moiety."  Wit: E. Haynes.  Sep Ct. 1784.  Jeptha Atherton CC.

The first thing to notice is that after 1758 when William 3 died, we do not see any more Sr or Jr designations for William Kinchen(s).  It thus becomes harder to figure out which William is which.  Harder, but not necessarily impossible.

The 1761 Northampton deed which refers to "CAPTAIN William Kinchen" is a clear reference to William 2, who is known from other deeds to be a Captain.

Also of the Northampton deeds above, consider especially these three:

WILLIAM KINCHEN & his wife SARAH of St. George Parish Northampton Co. to Thomas Webb of same. 1 Jan 1777.  70 pds proclamation.  40 acres in the Ocanechey Plains, joining Gee, Clarks Meadow, Miry Pond, KINCHEN, Edmons.  Wit: Wm. Camp, Martha (x) Burk.  Dec Ct. 1777.  Jeph. Atherton CC.

JOHN KINCHEN of Town of Halifax to Benjamin Bryan of Northampton Co.  25 Apr 1783.  200 pds. specie.  1/2 of land on Roanoak River which was devised to sd. KINCHEN by his father WILLIAM KINCHEN, & does not include the land WILLIAM KINCHEN the brother of the sd. JOHN KINCHEN sold to Thomas Webb.  Wit: Allen Jones, James Dancy.  Jun Ct. 1783.  Jeph. Atherton CC.

JOHN KINCHEN of Town of Halifax to Thomas Webb of Northampton Co.  1 Mar 1784.  5 pds specie.  His right to 40 acres which sd. Thomas Webb had purchased from WILLIAM KINCHEN brother of sd. John Kinchen, "it being part of an undivided Moiety."  Wit: E. Haynes.  Sep Ct. 1784.  Jeptha Atherton CC.

It is very clear from these three deeds that this William and John Kinchen were brothers and both were sons of William 3 Kinchen who died in 1758, with William 3 splitting his land between William and John (compare the will of William 3 listed earlier).

Thus, in 1777 we know that William 4 Kinchen (i.e. William the brother of John Kinchen and son of William 3 Kinchen) was living in Northampton Co, not Edgecombe Co.  He was there in Jan 1, 1777 and also there in Dec 18, 1777 for another deed.

(Note: It is not a matter of where the deed was recorded, but when it says, "William Kinchen ... of Northampton Co", this means that he was living in that county at that time, even if the deed in question is in some other county.)

However, on March 25, 1777 we have William Kinchen of Edgecombe Co selling land.  So apparently the William in Edgecombe Co at this time was *NOT* William 4.   Who was this William in Edgecombe Co?  Well, the obvious answer is William 2 !!!  Is there any other evidence to confirm this?  I believe so.  Recall that this 1777 deed was previously mentioned in conjunction with Henry Kinchen:

DB C-20  Commissioners of the Town of Tarborough to HENRY KINCHIN, July 31, 1761, for 40s. Proc. money one lot containing one-half acre on Creek Street, known as Lot No. 67 in the plan of the town.  Wit: Benja. Hart, Edw'd Telfair.

WILLIAM KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to John White of same, March 25, 1777, for 3 pds. Proc. money one lot in the Town of Tarborough, known as Lot No. 67 in the plan of the town.

If Henry had died (or had otherwise moved out of the area) without any heirs, it would be natural that his father William 2 would settle his affairs, including selling off land such as this.  This strengthens the case that the William Kinchen living in Edgecombe in 1777 was William 2.

I conclude that by 1777 William 4 Kinchen, who had been raised in Edgecombe Co., had moved to Northampton Co, and William 2 Kinchen, who had previously lived in Northampton Co., had moved to Edgecombe Co.

It is hard to figure out exactly when these moves took place.  The Northampton deeds do not list any transaction involving a William Kinchen between 1761 and 1777.  The 1761 Northampton deed with Captain William Kinchen is a clear reference to William 2, and the 1777 deeds are clear references to William 4.  The Edgecombe deeds list transactions in 1760, 1764, 1765,  1767, 1768, 1772, and 1777.  Apart from the 1777 one, none of these deeds lists any title or other clue which would identify which William is being referenced.  But whenever the moves happened, we know that by 1777, William 2 was living in Edgecombe and William 4 was living in Northampton.

Summary:

By 1777, William 4 Kinchen was living in Northampton Co, and William 2 Kinchen was living in Edgecombe Co.  I conclude that the William Kinchen who died in 1779 Edgecombe Co. was actually William 2, not William 4.

I welcome any further information on this conclusion, even if you believe you can prove me wrong.  I only ask that you try to provide sources/records to back up any "facts" you present.
 
 

Tying up loose ends

A couple more thoughts on William 2, William 4, and the 1779 will:

1. Recall that Edgecombe and Northampton counties were adjacent, having both been formed from Bertie county.  In fact, both William 2 and William 3 had bought land in both counties.  So the moves of William 2 and 4 that I mentioned from one county to another may not be too surprising after all.  They may have just decided to live on a different piece of land that they already owned.

2. At first glance it is surprising that the will of 1779, given my conclusion that this is the will of William 2, does not list children from William 2's first marriage - particularly his son Henry.  However, there are two possible explanations for this:  1) Henry may have gotten his inheritance earlier - see above for a 1758 deed where William 2 gives 1100 acres to Henry.  2) As I also mentioned earlier, Henry may in fact have died before 1779.  Recall that William sold a land lot in 1777 which Henry had bought in 1761.  This indicates that Henry at least was not in the area and perhaps even had died by then.
William 2's son William 3 had died in 1758.  Lemuel Kinchen (I haven't mentioned him yet, but see a section below), if he was a son of William 2, is not mentioned other than 1751, so apparently he had also died or was no longer in the area.
It would seem that Matthew and Mourning were the only children of William 2 still around.

3.  It is interesting that both William 2 and William 4 married wives named Sarah.  As we saw earlier, William 2 married Sarah House as a 2nd marriage.  Thus when William 2 died in 1779, he left a widow named Sarah, who was evidently this same Sarah House.  But consider the above 1777 Northampton deed, "WILLIAM KINCHEN & his wife SARAH of St. George Parish Northampton Co. to Thomas Webb of same. 1 Jan 1777."  We have seen that this is a clear reference to William 4.  So he also married a wife named Sarah.
 
 

Is William 4 the William of 1737 NC - 1835 GA?

Consider:
- William 4 was born in NC about 1737/8.  He married a wife named Sarah.  He did not die in 1779 as previously thought by other Kinchen researchers, but lived on.
- William of GA was said to be born in NC by 1737.  He married a wife named Sarah.  He lived to move to GA and died around 1835 at the age of 98.

The correlation here is obvious.  Unless evidence to the contrary comes to light, the similarities of birthdate, place, and wife's name lead me to conclude that the William who came to GA was William 4 Kinchen.

Please realize though - although there is a strong correlation here, such that I believe there is a strong case to support this conclusion, I cannot absolutely prove this.  There is no will, deed, letter, or other document which clearly identifies William who came to GA as the son of the William who died in 1758.  In particular, see the next section for some possible doubt as to this conclusion.
 
 

Which William Kinchen was captured by the Tories?

According to a couple of emails I have received, the William Kinchen who died in 1779 was supposed to have been captured by the Tories during the Revolutionary War:

 "David Fanning, the Tory leader, made a raid on Hillsboro and among others captured Gov. Burke and William Kinchen.  He took them to the prison ships at Charleston.  On his way back home when exchanged William Kinchen died from weakness incurred from confinement on the ship.  His widow married Col. James Mebane."

 "William Kinchen was captured by the Tories in a raid on Hillsborough, NC and confined on a prison ship at Charleston, SC. He was released in an exchange of prisoners in 1779 but died on the way home. His widow married Colonel James Mebane. This William Kinchen had a son named Matthews from whom all the Louisiana Kinchens are descended."

"We take the following from Caruther's History of North Carolina, p. 62, 63, etc:
..."David Fanning made a raid on Hillsboro and captured among others, Gov. Burke and William Kinchen, and took them to the prison ships at Charleston, by way of Wilmington. On his way home, Mr. Kinchen sickened and died...After his death, Sarah, his widow, married Col. James Meband."

Now, there was certainly a William Kinchen who was captured by the Tories.  But which one?  To try to figure this out, let us turn to the earliest (most primary) records I have been able to find.  If anyone believes they have other early sources which would shed light on this, please let me know.

Let us consider some early records.

From "The Colonial/State Records of North Carolina", collected and edited by William L. Saunders, Sec of State - Vol 22, pp. 550-551:

 GEN. RAMSEY AND OTHERS TO GOV. BURKE:
 Camp at McFall's Mill, Raft Swamp, 22nd of July, 1781.
 Sir:- On Tuesday last we were captured at Chatham Court House by a party under the Command of Col. David Fanning, which party we found consisted of persons who complained of the greatest cruelties, either to their persons or property.  ...  Notwithstanding the Cruel treatment these people have received, We have been treated with the greatest Civility and with the utmost respect and politeness by our Commanding Officer, Col Fanning, to whom we are under the greatest Obligations...   We expect to be delivered to Major Craig at Wilmington in two or three days, entirely destitute of Money or Cloathes.  How long we shall remain so, God only Knows.  All we have to ask is that the perpetrators of such horrid Deeds may be brought to tryall, that prisoners may be well treated in future, and we are

 Your Excellency's most obedient Servts.,
   Gen'l Herndon Ramsey,
   Joseph Hine,
   Matt. Ramsey,
   W. Kinchin,
   John Birdsong,
   James Williams,
   Matthew Jones,
   Thos. Surlock,
   James Herndon,
   M. Gregory
 P.S. Simon Terril is paroled to carry this Letter and return to Wilmington.

According to this letter, William Kinchen was captured in July 1781.

Elsewhere in this Volume (e.g. pp. 120, etc.), it tells of the raid on Hillsboro where Gov Burke was captured.  This raid happened in September 1781, and I can find no mention of William Kinchen, who had already been captured a couple months earlier.  After the Hillsboro raid, it is recorded that the prisoners were moved to prison ships which sailed to Charleston.  I can find no mention in this set of Volumes of what happened to William Kinchen after this.

The next set of quotations come from the book "Revolutionary Incidents and Sketches of Character chiefly in the 'Old North State'", Volumes I and II, by the Rev. E. W. Caruthers, D.D. - pub. 1854 and 1856.
Thanks to Elia Bizzarri who was kind enough to make copies of these pages and send me.  I did not otherwise have access to a copy of this book.
 

p. 39 - [Reprints the letter from above.  Since I have already posted it here, I will not repeat it.]

p. 40 - This letter [see above] was signed by Geo. Herndon Ramsey, Joseph Herndon, Math. Ramsey, W. Kinchen, James Hearndon, Thos. Gregory, John Dir Song, James Williams and Thos. Sensbork; and Simon Ferrel was paroled to carry it to the Governor and return to Wilmington.  Some of our readers may be a little surprised to find these prisoners speaking so favorably of Col Fanning and of the Tories generally, in that region; but it is probable that, in this case, they were not allowed to communicate the whole truth nor to make a very frank expression of their feelings...

p. 50 - The capture of the Governor was one of the most remarkable feats of the Tories during the war, and one of the most memorable events in North Carolina.  "On the first of September [in 1781] the battle was fought at McFall's Mills, on the Raft Swamp, and on the 13th, about daylight, Fanning and McNeill entered Hillsboro, the seat of government, by different roads, seized Governor Burke, his suite and other prominent persons, and proceeded with their usual celerity towards Wilmington."  ... Among the prisoners were William Kinchen and Col. John Mebane;

p. 89 - Colonel John Mebane, late of Chatham county, entered as Captain in the service of his country in the time of the revolution.  When Hillsboro was taken by the British and Tories, the Tories commanded by the notorious David Fanning, he was captured and with Thomas Burke, Governor of the state, and William Kinchen and others, was marched under the Tory Col. McDougal who, although there was an attempte made by the Whigs to rescue them at Lindley's mill, succeeded in taking them to Wilmington, N.C., when they were put on board a prison-ship and from there taken to Charleston, S. C. where they were still confined on board the ship for a long time, suffering extremely by the privations, heat, filth and vermin and the diseases common on board prison-ships.  As John Mebane and William Kinchen, after their release, were on their way home, Kinchen was taken sick and died.

p. 90 - James Mebane ... married in early life, Elizabeth Kinchen, the only child of William Kinchen, whose name has been mentioned in this sketch, by whom he had six children, five sons and one daughter.

p. 90 - Col. John Mebane, late of Chatham county, was elected for that county, and served in the House of Commons of the General Assembly ...  About the close of the war he married Mrs. Sarah Kinchen, widow of William Kinchen, who died on his way home from the prison-ship, at Charleston, S.C., by whom he had one son, John Briggs Mebane, who represented the county in the House of Commons in 1813, and one daughter who married Thomas Hill, of Rockingham county.

Now, what can we say about which William Kinchen these things refer to?

- First, one thing to note is that the letter written in July 1781 is a firsthand account.  The rest of the account in Caruthers was written some 70 years later, in the 1850s.  This may draw on other, earlier written sources which Caruthers had available; not to mention that some people, such as various Kinchen and Mebane children and grandchildren, were probably still living in the 1850s.  So the Caruthers account should be mostly reliable.  Still, an account 70+ years afterwards is not as good as a primary source from the 1780s.  So we must consider the possibility that a few things in Caruthers may be not quite totally correct.

- We know, not only from the rest of the Caruthers account but also from the firsthand letter, that William Kinchen was captured in July 1781.  We also know that the William Kinchen who had children Matthew and Mourning died and had his will probated in court in November 1779.  Thus, the latter William Kinchen had been dead almost two years when the William Kinchen was captured by the Tories.  It is thus impossible for these to have been the same William Kinchen.

- Supporting this conclusion is later on in Caruthers, where on page 90 he says of the William Kinchen who was captured that "Elizabeth Kinchen [was his] only child."  This William did not have any children named Matthew or Mourning, but only a child named Elizabeth.

- The only things we really know about this William Kinchen were that his wife's name was Sarah and his only child's name was Elizabeth.

- Since William 1, 2, and 3 were all dead before 1781, and since I have already concluded that William 4 lived until 1835, then who is this William Kinchen?  I believe three possibilities need to be considered:

1.  This is another, totally unknown William Kinchen.  There were a couple of other Kinchen's, such as Henry and Lemuel (see the "Unknown Kinchens" section below), about whom we have very little information.  Either Henry or Lemuel, or for that matter William 4 or John (the latter two being William 3's sons) were old enough to have had children born by around 1760, i.e. who would have come of age before 1781.  Keep in mind that we do not know how old the William Kinchen who was captured by the Tories was.  But we might think he was rather young - he only had one child, whereas many of the other early Kinchen's had several children.  Perhaps this indicates he was not married long enough to have more children.  And his daughter Elizabeth seems to have been a small child at this time, judging by her marriage to James Mebane (who could have been born no earlier than 1768, and perhaps several years after this.)  Also, his widow remarried and had two more children, so evidently she at least was still rather young.  While these things are not conclusive, they do tend to indicate that this William may have been born 1755-1760 and thus could have been the child of one of these other Kinchen's.

2.  This is actually William 4 Kinchen; William 4 died in 1781/2 as stated in this account, and my identification of William 4 as the William who came to GA and lived till 1835 is wrong.
I do not believe this is the case, mainly because of the ages of these William's.
- First of all, recall that William 4 is about the right age to have been the William who came to GA.  As for the William who was captured, we do not know his age, but there are indications that he was a lot younger.
- Also, we have to consider who was the father of the "extra" William.  If William 4 came to GA, then this "extra" William captured by the Tories, born perhaps 1755-60, has several possibilities as to who was his father (as stated in #1 just above).  But if William 4 died here in 1781/2, and the William who came to GA is the "extra", then who was his father?  This William was born ~1737.  There really are not any other male Kinchen's who would be old enough to have fathered "another" (i.e. besides William 2,3,4) Kinchen at this early date.
So I believe the evidence favors that my earlier conclusion, William 4 = William who came to GA, is correct.  But with this new "extra" William, it must be acknowledged that there remains the possibility I am mistaken in this.  I believe, as just stated, that this is unlikely, but it cannot be totally dismissed without more evidence.

3.  Perhaps Caruthers is wrong in some of his facts.  E.g., perhaps the William captured by the Tories did not die at all, but this was William 4 who left NC shortly afterwards.  Perhaps then that Mrs. Sarah Kinchen was really the widow of the William who died in 1779, and Elizabeth Kinchen was a child of some other Kinchen.  While in this case also, we do not have evidence to rule out this possibility, I believe that this is also unlikely.  I believe that there were enough children still living in the Mebane family at this time to have gotten these relationships right.  E.g., children of James Mebane and Elizabeth Kinchen would tend to know who Elizabeth's parents were.
There are, however, some small questions about the account as presented in Caruthers.  Caruthers actually quotes (on p. 39) the letter from July 1781, where W. Kinchen got captured.  But later (p. 50), he says that William Kinchen was one of those captured with the governor on Sept 13, 1781.  How was he captured a 2nd time two months later?  I suppose that Kinchen could have escaped or been parolled due to a prisoner exchange, but Caruthers does not tell us but rather leaves this a mystery.
Nevertheless, I believe the Caruthers account was written close enough in time to the events to have been correct in the major points.

In summary, of the possibilities given above, I believe #1 has the most evidence to support it.  I believe my conclusion that William 4 Kinchen is the William who came to GA is correct, and that the William captured by the Tories is some other William Kinchen born around 1755-60.  However, I cannot completely rule out the other two possibilities just mentioned.

If anyone else knows of any other records which can cast any light on this, please email me!
 
 

Who were the parents of Matthew Kinchen?

(I'm not talking about the Matthew Kinchen who died in 1736, but rather the one that came upon the scene in the late 1770s.  I am told that this Matthew ended up in Louisiana, although I have not personally researched his life after leaving NC.)

At first glance this question has a very simple answer.  But leave it to me to make it more complicated.  There are some dates that just do not seem to quite work out.

Consider first a couple more deeds involving the family of William who d. in 1779:

"DB 4-83 SARAH KINCHEN of Edgecombe Co. to MATTHEW KINCHEN of same, Feb. 10 1784, for a certain sum of money all of her right, title, interest, and dower in the 800 acre plantation which her husband, William Kinchen, decd., left to her for her lifetime by his last will and testament. Wit: William (X) Exum, Barnaby (B) Exum."

"DB 4-193 MARY (X) KINCHEN (SARAH KINCHEN, also) of Edgecombe Co. deed of gift to her son-in-law, SPENCER BALL, husband of her daughter, MORNING BALL, of same, A;ug. 10, 1784, for love and affection five negroes by name, livestock, furniture, and working tools. Wit: Richard Bolton, Richard (X) Brasel."

(Apparently Sarah was also known by the name Mary. I don't know what else to make of the above "MARY ... SARAH also".)

We know from the 1779 will that William who died that year was the father of Matthew and Mourning.  I have earlier in this page concluded that this was William 2.  Since he married Sarah House in 1758, the intuitive conclusion is that she was the mother of Matthew and Mourning.  In the above deeds, with William having died, Sarah leaves some of her possessions to Matthew and others to Mourning who married Spencer Ball.  Consider, though, that in the deeds above, Sarah clearly names Mourning as her daughter - but she does not actually name Matthew as her son.

Now, how old was Matthew?  When was he born?

The Provincial Congress met in Halifax April 4, 1776...  The sentiment for independence was well nigh unanimous, and it was enthusiastically decided that the Congress should go on record in some expression regarding it.  Accordingly, a committee was appointed to draft suitable resolutions.  This committee, consisting of Cornelius Harnett, Thomas Burke, Allen Jones, Thomas Jones, Abner Nash, Thomas Person, and M. KINCHIN, made their report on April 12.  [The text of the resolution supporting independence from Great Britain appears on the next couple of pages.]
I have not seen the original text of the April 12, 1776 report.  If "M." Kinchen was on the committee, this would almost certainly have to refer to Matthew.

(I also have seen a deed which Matthew witnessed in 1777, listing out his full first name.  However, this only proves that he was at least 14, not 21 - see the earlier section on legal age.)

If Matthew was really age 21 by 1776, then he was born 1755 or earlier.

As a side note, if the William of the 1779 will were William 4, i.e. William 4 was the father of Matthew and Mourning, consider that William 4 was still considered an "orphan" when William 3 died in late 1758.  Even if he came of age almost immediately, got married, and his wife had a child, that would put Matthew's birth in late 1759 at the earliest.  That is a couple years too late.

However, I have concluded that the William of the 1779 will was William 2.  He is old enough to have been the father of a Matthew b. 1756.  Who then was Matthew's mother? As we saw above, William 2 and Sarah House only seem to have married in 1758. This is a problem if Matthew was born in 1755.

I believe there are four possibilities:

1. Matthew is illegitimate, born 2 years before the marriage. This seems highly unlikely to me. Illegitimate children were frowned on in those days. Since William and Sarah ended up getting married anyway, why wait 2 years? Wouldn't they have gotten married as soon as she realized she was pregnant, to avoid the social stigma?

2. Perhaps the 1758 transaction occurred three years after the marriage. This does not seem likely from the wording in the record: "in consideration of a marriage intended by God's permission... ". I would interpret the word "intended" to mean that it hadn't happened yet.

3. Perhaps Matthew was a child of William 2's earlier marriage. If so, this may indicate a third marriage for William 2. His son William 3 appeared on the scene (i.e. as an adult) around 1735; his son Henry appeared on the scene around 1757; and Matthew appeared on the scene around 1777. With Matthew 40 or more years younger than William 3, I would say it is impossible (apart from a Biblical-type miracle) for the two to have had the same mother. William 2 could have been married several times - the marriage records for that time & area don't seem very good - but we have no proof of this.  It is interesting, though, that Sarah, William's widow, does not actually name Matthew as her son.  This could indicate that although she may have mostly raised Matthew, she knew that she was not actually his mother.
(Remember my point earlier about how strange it was for William to give land to Sarah and her apparent relatives for their marriage, instead of Sarah's father being the one to give land/money as a dowry?  Well, suppose that William 2's wife died in childbirth to Matthew, so William was left with no wife and a young son to raise.  Could his marriage to Sarah House have been a kind of arrangement for her to raise Matthew?  Thus he would give the land in exchange for her help in raising his son.  I may be wrong about this, but it would explain the rather unusual land exchange with regards to this marriage.)

4.  I have not seen the original record (and do not know if it is even still available) for the 1776 reference.  "M" and "W" can look similar in handwriting.  If a "W" was misread for an "M" here, then the "M. Kinchin" could really be a "W. Kinchin", referring to William.  I wonder if the original handwriting for these documents still exist, and someone could check for an "M" vs a "W" here.

Has anyone descended from Matthew Kinchen's line given any thought about all this?  I would love to hear from anyone else who may have researched this question.  What birthdate is commonly assigned to Matthew by descendants of his line, and what documentation is there if a specific date is given?

I have heard from one researcher who tells me that the family Bible of one of Matthew's sons lists Matthew's birthdate as 1756.  Now, some children may not have the year of their parents' birth quite exactly correct, so this may not be considered conclusive.  But it does lend support to my hypothesis that Matthew is a couple of years too old to be a son of the marriage of William 2 & Sarah Kinchen.
 
 

THOUGHTS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH

- I have been trying to do an exhaustive tracing of Kinchen land records to verify what happened to the land of William 2 and 3.  This could theoretically help verify my conclusion about which William Kinchen died in 1779.  I have abstracts of Northampton and Edgecombe deeds to the mid 1780s.  Unfortunately tracing all of this is not as easy as one might think.  Due to the way counties were forming, many counties were splitting off from these two counties in the 1740s and onward, and some deeds are recorded elsewhere - Granville, Orange, etc.  There are also different books for grants vs deeds.  I have looked through all of the abstract books available to me, and I am sure that there is still some Kinchen land that I have not been able to trace the origin of.

- When did William 4 Kinchen (1738-1835) leave NC and come to GA?  According to family traditions, William's older children were born in NC but his younger children were born in GA, so he is thought to have moved sometime during the 1780s.
According to the 1850 census, this William's oldest son William was b. ~1778 SC.  This is somewhat of a problem:
- We know that William 4 was still in NC in 1777 from the deed records mentioned earlier.
- Assuming this was the William who was captured by the British in 1781, he was still in NC then.
Of course, census information is not always correct, depending on who gave the information.  The age could be a few years off.  Or a relative listening to William tell childhood stories about SC could have erroneously thought he was born there when in fact the family may have only stopped for awhile there sometime after he was born.
Still, it is interesting to consider that William who came to GA may have lived in SC for awhile.  So one area for research is to look in SC records.  There are no Kinchen's in the 1790 or 1800 SC census, but one could scour deed and other records.  Unfortunately I have no idea what county he may have been in, so this could be a long search.  Also, if he was only in SC for a short time, he may not show up in any SC records.

- I would like to find more info on the William Kinchen captured by the British.

As I mentioned at the start of this page, I want to share with others but I'd also like others to let me know things. Has anyone else out there done any research into these things? I'd love to hear from you. Let's compare notes to insure we get the early Kinchen lineage straight !!!

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Notes on the wives and other children of the various William Kinchen's
---------------
 

William 1 Kinchen

William 1 Kinchen b. ~1675 d. 1735
m.  (Elizabeth Ruffin??) and Elizabeth Joyner
Children:
Mathew m. Elizabeth _____,
William 2,
Elizabeth m. 1) Joseph Jones, 2) Joseph Exum,
Martha m. Thomas Jarrell,
Patience m. Ethelred Taylor,
Sarah (d. 1735/6) m. James Godwin - children: James, Martha, Matthew.

About William 1's marriages:

- William Kinchen's m. to Elizabeth Ruffin, daughter of Robert Ruffin, is listed in the classic "Isle of Wight County, Virginia" book by John Boddie (page 230). This book is mostly reliable, but it does not actually cite an early record or give a marriage date for this.

- William Kinchen's m. to Elizabeth Joyner listed in "Marriages of Isle of Wight County, Virginia" by Blanche Adams Chapman. This book lists the marriage as being in 1735, and cites early records, but I don't have access to these records so as to verify them.  Chapman may simply be relying on Matthew Kinchen's will as I am about to discuss.

Matthew Kinchen's will in 1735/6 (see the "Wills" section) refers to "my loving Mother Elizabeth Kinchen" and "my loving uncle Thomas Joyner".  The natural conclusion here is that Elizabeth, mother of Matthew, was the sister of Thomas Joyner - i.e. mother Elizabeth was a Joyner, not a Ruffin.

Likewise, we have this record:

"pg.160 F-176 ELIZABETH KINCHIN of Isle of Wight Co., VA. TO WILLIAM KINCHIN Nov.23,1740. Gift. Love and Goodwill I Bear to my son WILLIAM KINCHIN...and likewise to my Grandson WILLIAM KINCHIN and son to Aforesaid WILLIAM KINCHIN being of Edgecomb County..". (1) To my son Two Negroes, Secor & Rose (2) to my grandson "my goods & cattles now in possession of said WILLIAM Delivered with an inventory signed by own hand..". Wit: R. WILLIAMS, THOMAS GOODWIN, WILLIAM TAYLOR. N.C. Court Feb. 11, 1740.*."
This seems to show that the Elizabeth who was William 1's widow was not a late marriage, but rather she was actually the mother of William 2 and grandmother of William 3. So there is an issue with the idea of William 1 having two marriages, where the mother of the children died and William 1 married again later.  I can see good evidence that William m. Elizabeth Joyner based on the wills above, but I wonder if the marriage to Elizabeth Ruffin is simply wrong information in Boddie.

One person has suggested that, since Matthew Kinchen's wife was also named Elizabeth, this is the source of the confusion.  Perhaps William 1's wife was Elizabeth Joyner, whereas Elizabeth Ruffin was really Matthew's wife and was somehow confused by Boddie.  I cannot prove this, but this seems as likely an explanation as anything.

There is however one way of maintaining that William Kinchen did marry both Elizabeth Ruffin and Elizabeth Joyner.  Eliz. Ruffin could have died very young, such that William's 2nd marriage, to Eliz. Joyner, produced the children.  Or, even if Eliz. Ruffin was their birth mother, if the children were mostly raised by Eliz. Joyner, she could still have spoken of them as her children.

Does anyone have other source information for William 1 Kinchen's marriages?

As for William 1's children and their spouses, these names come directly from the wills of William 1 and his son Matthew. (To see these wills, see the Wills section below.) The only exception is Elizabeth's spouses' names.  She is listed in William's will as simply Elizabeth Exum. The name Joseph Jones is listed in both Boddie's and Chapman's books, and William's will does lists grandchildren with the surname Jones. Mr. Exum's first name Joseph is listed in Boddie's book. I didn't see it in Chapman's book, but at the time I was only looking for the surname Kinchen, whereas Elizabeth would have had the surname Jones at the time of her marriage to Exum.
 
 
 

William 2 Kinchen

William 2 Kinchen (son of William 1) b. ~1700, d. 1779
m. 1) Mary _____ - children: William 3, Henry, Lemuel(??), ____ (daughter) who m. Blake Baker.
     2) ????? - child: Matthew.
     2 or 3) Sarah House - child: Mourning m. Spencer Ball.

A 1737 deed (shown earlier) lists "William Kinchen and wife Mary", who I place as William 2. I believe I have proved that he was the father of William 3. William 2 is also identified as "William of Northampton" who had a son Henry, and who m. Sarah House in 1758.

For Lemuel Kinchen, see the "Unknown Kinchens" section.  I am placing him here as the only logical place I can see to put him, but he is really something of a mystery.

The first record I see for Henry was in 1757, leading me to believe he was b. abt 1740.  I see no mention of him after 1761, leading me to believe he died, or possibly moved out of NC.  Does anyone else out there know what happened to Henry?  (Both Matthew and John Dawson Kinchen had sons named Henry Martin Kinchen, but both these Henry's were born later, around the 1780s.)

William 2 may have also had a daughter who married Blake Baker.  In William 3 Kinchen's will listed earlier, it includes "Exs: Bros. Blake Baker, Henry Dawson."  Now, Henry Dawson was actually what we in modern terms would call William 3's brother-in-law, since William 3 married Henry Dawson's sister (see the William 3 section below for more details on this).  So evidently Blake Baker was also a brother-in-law of William 3.  Since we only know of one marriage for William 3, the simplest explanation for this would be if William 3 had a sister (i.e. a daughter of William 2) who married Blake Baker.

William 2 married Sarah House in 1758.  He died in 1779, leaving children Matthew and Mourning Ball.  As mentioned before, I have some doubt about whether Sarah was actually Matthew's mother or whether William 2 may have had another marriage which had Matthew as issue.
 

On Matthew Kinchen, son of William who died in 1779:

Matthew was born in the late 1750s (see the discussion earlier on the page about his exact birth year).  He married Elizabeth Bellamy, daughter of William Bellamy.  (In William Bellamy's will, daughter Elizabeth Kinchen is listed, and Matthew Kinchen is an executor.)  Matthew was still in Edgecombe NC in the 1790 census.

I have not personally researched Matthew's life after NC, but I am listing the following info received from other researchers.  Thanks especially to Pat Bezet and Bev Varnado (and there may be someone else I am missing) who emailed me with info on Matthew.

Matthew and Elizabeth moved first to Georgia, then to Mississippi for a few years, and finally settled in Louisiana.  They had nine children, the earlier ones born in NC and the later ones born in GA.  Matthew died about 1820 and Elizabeth died about 1830.
Pat Bezet provided a list of their nine children:
1. William born about 1781, had two wives and between them 13 children;
2. John born 5-18-1783, died 7-13-1844, had seven children;
3. Mathew born 3-8-1786, died 1-2-1842, had five children;
4. Henry Martin born 1-8-1789, died 10-22-1865, had eleven children;
5. Mary Margaret(Peggy) born about 1793, died  4-5-1885, had seven children;
6. Asa W. born about 1798 (first child born in GA), died 11-24-1876, had eight children;
7. Sally born about 1800, had a child about 1846 but not on the 1850 census, had eight children;
8. Charlotte born about 1802 died between the 1880 and 1900 census, had eight children;
9. Alexander Bellamy born about 1804, died 1865, had six children.
"When I say they had such and such for children, I am talking all that we have been able to find.  Most of the information came from census records, not able to find wills on them.  Some of the children were married in MS; we have seen the records and Sally married there and apparently died there as her husband and children are on the 1850 census in MS."
 
 

William 3 Kinchen

William 3 Kinchen (son of William 2) b. ~1720, d. 1758 m. _____ Dawson - children:
Martha, Elizabeth, John, Mary, Temperance, and William 4.

William 3 was identified as "William Jun. of Edgecombe"; these children are listed in his 1758 will posted above. His wife was not mentioned in this will, so I believe she had already died.

John Dawson left a will in Edgecombe Co, NC in 1762.  In the will he names several Kinchen grandchildren; the list of names exactly matches the names of William 3's children.  Thus William 3 must have married a daughter of John Dawson.  On the internet, I have commonly seen the name Elizabeth Dawson as the name of William Kinchen's wife.  However, John Dawson's will also mentions one of his "small" children named Elizabeth Dawson.  I think it unlikely that he would have spoken of her as such if she was already married with several children; plus the fact that her married name would have been Elizabeth Kinchen, not Elizabeth Dawson.  (As far as I know, women retaining their maiden names after marriage was unknown in Colonial America.)  Thus, I believe that William 3 married a Dawson, but not Elizabeth.  If anyone has more info on William 3's wife, please let me know!

For William 3 Kinchen's will in 1758 and for the will of John Dawson in 1762, see the "Kinchen Wills" section below.

Of William 3's children:
---------------------------
- For William 4, see below.

- John [Dawson] Kinchen was born about 1740.  He became an attorney and held a few offices in county governments from about 1776-1780.  I have seen a fair amount on the internet about his marriage and descendants, but I have found little by way of early records to document this.  E.g., according to this posting in Genforum, John Dawson Kinchen "died Dec. 16, 1793 Orange Co., NC. (death listed in Kearney family bible located in Warren Co. NC). Married Elizabeth Marshall in 1763."  He is supposed to have had a son named John Marshall Kinchen and a daughter named Elizabeth.  However, as I said I have not found early records to verify all this.

Here is what I have found:  The Kearney family Bible record mentioned in the above Genforum posting is posted on a web page (see below with Elizabeth Kinchen's marriage to Philip Kearney).  The Bible reference simply lists "John Kinchen died Dec. l6, 1793".  It does not actually give his middle name "Dawson", although one might infer that he was Elizabeth's close relative, as in brother, since it was a record of her and her husband's family.  Also, the place of death is not mentioned therein.

There was a John Kinchen who died in 1793.  His will in Franklin Co. mentions two children, Henry Martin and Peggy.  They are mentioned in guardianship records, so they must not have been of age when John died.  This may have been John Dawson Kinchen, but it could also have been a son of his or even a cousin.  I'm not sure when this will was actually recorded in court - if it was before Dec 16, 1793, that would exclude it being the John Kinchen who died on that date according to the Bible record.

Does anyone have a list of the children of John Dawson Kinchen??  Does anyone have early source records to document his wife's name, death date, children's names, etc?
 

- Elizabeth Kinchen m. Philip Kearney on 11/30/1763 in Halifax Co, NC.  For more on their descendants, see  this copy of records taken from an early Kearney family Bible.

- Mary Kinchen m. James Campbell - click here for more information.

According to the book, "The Alstons and Allstons of North and South Carolina", by Joseph A. Groves, M.D., published 1901 (reprinted with an extra section in 1976).  (I found a copy at the GA Archives.)

On pp. 346-347:
Of these [William's daughters, i.e. Elizabeth, Mary, Martha, Temperance],
"Elisabeth married Philip Kearney.
One daughter m. Blake Baker, and was the mother of Judge Blake Baker.
Another daughter m. _____ Campbell.
The remaining dau. m. _____ Lane."

The marriages of Elisabeth Kinchen to Philip Kearney and Mary Kinchen to James Campbell, both have confirmation - see above.  
The other two (m. Baker and m. Lane) are shakier.  Groves does not list a source for these pieces of information.  Groves was evidently in contact with some Kinchen descendant, who was aware that his/her great aunts married into these other families (Kearney, Baker, Campbell, Lane), but had little or no further information about these descendant lines.
I believe that a Kinchen girl did m. Blake Baker, but I believe she was a daughter of William 2, not William 3 (see above in the William 2 section for my explanation of this).  If so, that would leave the marriage of one of William 3's daughters (either Martha or Temperance) unaccounted for.  
 
 

William 4 Kinchen, 

(I think) William who came to GA

I believe I have sufficient evidence, as mentioned earlier, to say that William 4 Kinchen (son of William 3 Kinchen who d. 1758) did *not* die in 1779 as most researchers previously thought.  It thus fits well for this to be the William Kinchen who came to GA.

William 4 Kinchen (son of William 3) b. 1738 NC, d. 1835 GA m. Sarah _____. Their children were:
Matthew, William (b. ~1778), John, James, Hugh Uriah, Nancy, Martha, and ("a name that was not distinct, but looked like") Mary.

What was Sarah's maiden name?

- I have seen "Sarah Exum" on the internet as a possible name for Williams wife. William 1's daughter Elizabeth is known to have married an Exum, and the Kinchen and Exum families lived close together, witnessing deeds and so forth for each other.  So other marriages between the families is a good possibility.  However, I have seen no early documentation for Sarah Exum.  In fact, there may be a point against this.  Wills of Ethelred (1779) and John (1775) Exum are listed in abstracts of Edgecombe Co. wills.  Although Matthew Kinchen (in Ethelred's will) and William and Sarah Kinchen (in John's will) are listed as Witnesses, Sarah Kinchen is never mentioned in either will as a daughter.  John Exum even lists a daughter Sarah Mials, wife of Thomas Mials.  So for anyone out there who believes that a Sarah Exum married into the Kinchen family, which Exum do you believe she was the daughter of, and why is she never mentioned in an Exum will?  (Or are there other Exum wills, maybe outside of Edgecombe Co, that I am missing?)

- One researcher emailed me and said that William 4 married Sarah Elizabeth Dawson, daughter of John Dawson.  However, I believe this is a confusion with William 3, who married one of John Dawson's daughters (first name unknown; see above in the William 3 section).  I emailed the person back asking for a source for this information, but I did not get a reply.  I am very doubtful of this possibility.

- I have seen "Sarah Rutherford" as a possible maiden name of the Sarah who married William (1737/8 NC - 1835 GA) Kinchen. This comes from a 1940 DAR application. However, the cousin whose notes I have thought that this DAR application was mistaken on this point.  I do not know of any record earlier than this 1940 one which lists the name Rutherford as her maiden name.
One researcher who emailed me equates the name Rutherford with Raiford.  Although unproven, this would make an interesting fit.  I have seen Matthew Raiford listed as buying/selling land from William Kinchen.  I have not as yet tried to research the Raiford family, but it would be interesting if it turned out that Matthew had a daughter named Sarah.  The hard part would be proving that she actually married William Kinchen.

As for the children of William of GA and Sarah:
The names above are from the same 1940 DAR application, and in this case I would consider this reliable as a firsthand statement: "These are the children that I remember that were in the old Bible record that was stolen of William & Sarah Kenchen."
 

Unknown Kinchens

Lemuel Kinchen
------------------
From Abstracts of Wills, 1690 - 1760:

MacKinne, Richard.        Edgecombe County.
August 10, 1751.  August Court, 1755.  Brother: Robert MacKinne.  Nephew: Barnaby McKinnie.  Wife and Executrix: Mary.  Executors: William Kinchen and William Kinchen, Junr.  Witnesses: W. Kinchen, Wm. Baker, Lemuel Kinchen.  Clerk of the Court: Jos. Montfort.
In the preceding, William and William Junr. are logically William 2 and 3, respectively.  But who is Lemuel Kinchen?  I have not seen him referenced anywhere else.  He was not in William 1's will in 1735, Matthew's will in 1736, William 3's will in 1758, nor did William 2 leave him land as he did his son Henry in 1758.  Due to the omissions as just stated, I would guess that Lemuel either died or left NC by 1758.  I would further guess that he was a son of William 2, since he would seem to be a few years too old to be a son of William 3.  But these are only guesses.  I know of no other records of any kind that mention him.

Joseph Kinchen
------------------
I have been told that there is a Joseph Kinchen b. ~1787 SC listed in the TN census of 1850 and 1860.  I do not know who his father is.  I do not know of any Kinchen's in SC during the 1780s period.  There are no Kinchen's listed in the 1790 or 1800 SC census.  As noted before, William 4 who came to GA may have passed through there, but the lady who recalled the children's names from the family Bible did not list the name Joseph; and as far as we know, all of William 4's children remained in GA.
 
 

Kinchen Wills

A couple of the early Kinchen wills have already been shown here on the main page, but I have listed them again along with other Kinchen-related wills on a separate page.

Click here to see them.
 
 

Taking the Kinchen Surname to the 1800s

Who was there to take the Kinchen surname into the 1800s?

In the 1790 census index, the only Kinchen's listed in the whole country were:
John Kinchen - Halifax Co., NC
    2 males age 16 and over; 1 male under 16; 1 female; 32 slaves.
Matthew Kinchen - Edgecombe Co., NC
(In addition, there are a few people with the first name Kinchen - see the "Other Families" section below.)

John was presumably John Dawson Kinchen, a son of William 3.  Matthew was the Matthew discussed earlier, son of William 2 Kinchen.  Both John and Matthew apparently had several children.  Matthew would have only been about age 34 in 1790; whereas John would have been about age 50, and theoretically could have had children who were adults by this time.

My ancestor, William Kinchen (1737 NC - 1835 GA), is not found in the 1790 census - but he is thought to have already been in GA by then, and most of the 1790 GA census has been lost.  This William's children are listed above in the William 4 section.  They were born in the 1780s or thereabouts.

I do not know for sure what happened to William 2's son Henry.  As noted earlier, I believe he may have died before 1777 when one of the William's (2 or 4) sold a piece of his land, but I do not know for sure.

I do not find any record of Lemuel Kinchen other than the single reference in 1751.  I believe he likewise may have died since he is not listed in any of the William Kinchen wills, but again I do not know for sure.

And there is the mysterious Joseph Kinchen who was apparently born in SC but who lived in TN as an adult.
 
 

Other Families looking for a Kinchen connection

This is somewhat of a different category from everything above.  Since creating this web page, I have gotten several emails asking me about Kinchen connections to other families.  Most often, a family will have someone whose first name is Kinchen.  In the 1700s & 1800s, it was fairly common to name a son after the wife's maiden name.  E.g. if John Smith married Mary Kinchen, they might name one of their sons Kinchen Smith.  It is thus thought that these cases may involve a wife with maiden name Kinchen, but no proof has been found.  I have not been able to help these people, but if anyone out there has info, let me know and I'll relay it to the person who originally asked.

1a. The name Kinchen was used for several generations of the McKinney family who moved to Louisiana pre-1850. They came from Alabama and Georgia.
1b. Moses McKinney, Sr. had a son named Kinchen.

2. Kinchen Killey/Kelly was born about 1750/1760 and died in Washington Co., TN in about 1835.  He married Elizabeth Hammer.

3. My g g grandfather was James KINCHEN Hammons.  He was born 3-25-1817 in Edgecombe, NC.  I do not know who his parents were, nor who his siblings were, if there were any.  He married in Alabama in 1839, so he left NC prior to that date.

4. Lodwick Alford was married to a Cade before moving from Virginia to NC. He had a son named KINCHEN ALFORD, born abt. 1768. We also know that the given name of KINCHEN is repeated at least 5 more times through at least 4 generations of Lodwick's descendants.

5. In 1816, Abel Merrell had a son Pinckney from his first marriage possibly to a Thomas? A Pinkney Merrill married Kinchen Cooley's daughter, Jane. Kinchen was Eliza Cooley's uncle.

6. Mary Pierce married Edmond Crumpler in 1791. Mary was the daughter of William Pierce and Martha ?.  Mary and Edmond named a son, my gggggg grandfather, Kinchen Crumpler.  I speculate that Martha Pierce was a Kinchen, or her mother, or perhaps her grandmother were a Kinchen. Maybe Martha was the daughter of William 3?  Kinchen Crumpler  married Sally Eley and they named a son Eley Crumpler.  Coincidence or is it a family pattern of using maiden names????

7. Kinchen Killebrew witnessed deeds in 1770s Edgecombe NC.

8. Kinchen Kitchen [what a name!] likewise appears on deed records in 1770s/1780s Edgecombe NC.

9. Am searching for a Davis (last name) connected to the Kinchen. The family names coming down being Kinchen William Davis m Frances (Fanny) Pleasants in Wake Co,NC in 1815. Their son William Kinchen b. 11 Nov 1822 in Morgon co, Alabama.  He died in fort Bend, TX in 1891. So the supposition is that the names before would also be alternated. Would like to find Kinchen Davis line somehow and perhaps its through the Kinchen family.

10. I have a Kinchen Sparkman, Born December 16, 1792 in North Carolina.  His father was William Sparkman, and his mother was Rosanna Williams.  Rosanna was born October 12, 1769 and died January 6, 1861 in Williamson County, Tennessee.  She and William Sparkman were married October 3, 1789 in Hertford County, North Carolina.  Kinchen was Rosanna and William (Sparkman)'s first son.  I suspect his mother was related to the Kinchens of North Carolina, not only because of his name, but also because I have seen many Williams families connected to Kinchens in North Carolina.

11. My ggrandmother's grandfather was named Kinchen Turnage and came from the area around Bertie, N.C.  The family moved to GA in the early 18'00's.  Grandmother Stella Turnage Brown's father was Emanuel Leon Turnage, born 9-10-1831 in N.C. Like many  others doing family research, I would like to know  of any connection between these families and a possible marriage somewhere.
 

Along these lines, a search of the 1790 census index shows the following people with the first name Kinchen, all in NC:
Kinchen Martin - Anson Co.
Kinchen Killibrew - Edgecombe Co.
Kinchen Wadkins - Johnston Co.
Kinchen Hines - Northampton Co.
Kinchen Peterson - Northampton Co.
Kinchen Rosser - Northampton Co.
Kinchen Lambs - Robeson Co.
Kinchin Holcom - Rutherford Co.
Kinchen Jilks - Wake Co.
Kinchin Price - Wayne Co.
 
 

Contacting Me

If anyone has other information, please email me and let me know! I'm even happy to be proved wrong on some of this; my goal is to help get the Kinchen lineage correct.