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FAMILY RELATIONSHIP CHART

 

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

 

0

Common
Ancestor

Child
(son or daughter)

Grandchild

Great Grandchild

2 Great Grandchild

3 Great Grandchild

 

1

Child
(son or
daughter)

Sibling (brother or sister)

Nephew or Niece

Grand Nephew or Niece

Great Grand Nephew or Niece

2 Great Grand Nephew or Niece

 

2

Grandchild

Nephew
or Niece

First
Cousin

First
Cousin
once
removed

First
Cousin
twice
removed

First
Cousin
3 times removed

 

3

Great Grandchild

Grand
Nephew
or Niece

First Cousin once
removed

Second
Cousin

Second
Cousin
once
removed

Second
Cousin
twice
removed

 

4

2 Great Grandchild

Great
Grand
Nephew
or Niece

First
Cousin
twice
removed

Second
Cousin
once
removed

Third
Cousin

Third
Cousin
once
removed

 

5

3 Great Grandchild

Second
Great
Grand
Nephew
or Niece

First
Cousin
3 times removed

Second
Cousin
twice
removed

Third
Cousin
once
removed

Fourth
Cousin

This chart is based on the system used by courts and most genealogical societies. The numbers at the top and left side represent the generations away from the common ancestor. To identify the relationship between any two people, first identify the common ancestor of the two people. Locate the box in the upper left corner for the common ancestor. Follow the column straight down to find the relationship of one of the two people to the common ancestor. Across the top row of the chart, find the relationship of the second person to the common ancestor. It may be helpful to pencil-in the names of the two persons for whom relationship is sought. Where the projected column and row intersect is the box that identifies their relationship. The highlighted boxes show persons of the same generation. "Removed " indicates that the two persons selected are not of the same generation. This chart may be extended in either direction to identify more distant relationships.

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