|He was known as the Apostle of Learning and Religion in the West, and as The Father of Education in Tennessee.|
On pages 11, 12, and 13 of the John and Esther Houston Montgomery Family History (and taken from the scrapbook of the father of Mrs. Rollo H. Henley, Washington College, Tennessee (J. Fain Anderson) was the following sermon and prayer of his:
(At Sycamore Shoals Muster, September 1780)
"My countrymen, you are about to set out on an expedition which is full of hardships and dangers, but one in which the Almighty will attend you.
The mother country has her hands upon you, these American Colonies, and takes that for which our fathers planted their homes in the wilderness-our liberty.
"Taxation without representation and the quartering of soldiers in the homes of our people without their consent are evidence that the crown of England would take from its American subjects the last vestige of freedom.
"Your brethren across the mountains are crying like Macedonia unto your help. God forbid that you shall refuse to hear and answer their call-but the call of your brethren is not all. The enemy is marching hither to destroy your own homes.
"Brave men, you are not unacquainted with battle. Your hands have already been taught to war and your fingers to fight. You have wrested these beautiful valleys of the Holston, and Watauga from the savage hand. Will you tarry now until the other enemy carries fire and sword to your very doors? No, it shall not be. Go forth then in the strength of your manhood to the aid of your brethren, the defense of your liberty and the protection of your homes. And may the God of justice be with you and give you victory."
"Let us pray"
'Almighty and gracious God! Thou has been the refuge and strength of thy people in all ages. In time of sorest need we have learned to come to thee-our Rock and our Fortress. Thou knowest the dangers and snares that surround us on march and in battle.
"Thou knowest the dangers that constantly threaten the humble, but well beloved homes which thy servants have left behind them.
"O, in Thine infinite mercy, save us from the cruel hand of the savage, and of tyrant. Save the unprotected homes while fathers and husbands and sons are far away fighting for freedom and helping the oppressed.
"Thou, has promised to protect the sparrow in its flight, keep ceaseless watch, by day and by night, over our loved ones. The helpless women and little children, we commit to thy care. Thou wilt not leave them or forsake them in times of loneliness and anxiety and terror.
"O, God of battle, arise in thy might. Avenge the slaughter of thy people. Confound those who plot for our destruction. Crown this mighty effort with victory, and smite those who exalt themselves against liberty and justice and truth.
"Help us as good soldiers to wield the sword of the Lord and Gideon." "Amen"
Young Samuel Doak, at the age of 16 yrs., was studying the classics under Rev. Archibald Alexander (see page 317 of the Franklinites in book-History of Lost State of Franklin by Samuel Cole Williams-former Justice of Supreme Court of Tenn. Rev. Edition Jan 1934 by Press of Pioneers New York 1933-976.8 H2W). In 1773 he entered Princeton College from which was graduated in 1775, during the Presidency of Dr. Witherspoon. He was for 2 years a tutor at an academy in Virginia which later became Hampden Sidney College, and at the same time studied theology under Rev. John Blair Smith, and later under Rev. Wm. Graham in his native county. About this time he married Esther H. Montgomery, daughter of Rev John Montgomery; and was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Hanover. He turned southward for a location before long. After preaching for awhile in Sullivan County, then thought to be a part of Washington County, Virginia, he was for about 2 years at the forks of the Holston and Watauga Rivers. He later moved to a place on the little Limestone River, below Jonesborough, at the request of the inhabitants. He rode through the forest and came upon some settlers who were felling trees. They asked him to preach, and he did, using his horse as a pulpit. In 1780, he organized the Salem Church, and a school which was called later Martin's Academy and which became Washington College. In 1818 Dr. Doak resigned the presidency of Washington College to join his son in establishing a classical school in Greene County, Tusculum Academy-now Tusculum College. A volumne of "Lectures on the Philosophy of Human Nature" of which he was the author was published by his son, Rev. John W. Doak.
Dr. Samuel Doak was of powerful frame, medium stature, with a short thick neck. His hair was sandy, his complexion ruddy, and his eyes blue. His demeanor was dignified; his countenance grave. His was a stentorian voice, and he was withal a striking individuality.269
" Rev. Samuel Doak, Pioneer Minister of Tennessee. The first settlers in what is now Sullivan County, were mostly Presbyterian, and as early as 1778 two Churches had been organized or constituted in the area, problably of that denomination, called Concord and Hopewell, and it is said Rev. Samuel Doak was the minister of these congregations for two years before 1780. Information in detail is lacking, but the oldest church of which there is definite knowledge was New Bethel, in what is now Sullivan County, which is known to have been organized by Rev. Samuel Doak in 1782.
Rev. Samuel Doak was born in Augusta County, Virginia, and died December 12, 1830, at his home in Washington County, TN. He was twice married. His first wife was Esther Houston Montgomery, daughter of John Montgomery and his wife Esther Houston. His second wife was a Margaretta Houston McEwen, widow of Alexander McEwen. Here we have an example of 'Tennessee Cousins' proclivity, in that, the first wife of Rev. Samuel Doak was a first cousin of Rev. Samuel Houston, and the second wife was a sister of Rev. Samuel Houston. Also the famous Gen. Samuel Houston, as will later appear, and not far removed as a close relative of the Rev. Samuel Doak and his wives.
Rev. Samuel Doak, the pioneer minister , who first preached in Sullivan County, TN. was the founder of Washington College near Greenville, TN. which was first chartered under the name of Martin Academy. His son, Dr. John Whitefield Doak succeeded him as President in later years.
Rev. Samuel Doak and his first wife, Esther Houston Montgomery (1760-1807) had the following children:
1. Julia Doak married Adam Lowrey.
2. John Whitefield Doak (b. 1778) m Jane H. Alexander.
3. Lucinda Doak (1782-1825) m ______ Baldridge.
4. Samuel Witherspoon Doak (b. 1785) m Sarah Houston McEwen.
5. Jane Rowe Doak (1787-1828) m David Rice.
6. Mary Montgomery Doak (b. 1792) m Mr. Davit.
7. Nancy Doak (b. 1790) m (1st) William Mitchell (2nd) Adam Broyles.
Samuel Witherspoon Doak (1785-1864) was President at one time of each of the schools established by his father, Washington College and Tusculum College. He is buried at Mount Bethel, Greeneville, TN. He married his step-sister, Sarah Houston McEwen Doak , and had 13 children, including Dr. Samuel Smith McEwen Doak (1809-1883) who married Eliza Diana Snapp, by whom he had a son Prof. Sam Snapp Doak, who became a Professor of Mathematics and Vice-President of the famous Hiwasske College, at Madisonville, TN.
The Doak family history is very interesting, and if room can be provided therefor the family will recieve further notice in this work."268
Samuel Witherspoon Doak
One Washington County Line
Samuel Doak (1749-1829/30), pioneer educator and Presbyterian minister, was a son of Samuel Doak and Jane Mitchell who emigrated from northern Ireland to America in 1740; settled briefly in Chester County, PA; moved to Augusta County, Virginia. Deed dated September 24, 1741, indicates they bought land in Beverly Manor Estates within the boundaries of New Providence Church. Here Samuel was born. He forfeited his inheritance to secure an education, attended Augusta Academy - now Washington and Lee University, and the College of New Jersey - now Princeton University, where he graduated in 1775. October 1, 1775, he married Esther Houston Montgomery (1760-1807), sister of his college classmate, the Rev. John Montgomery. Their children, all but two of whom were born in Washington County; Julia (1776-1857), John Whitfield (1778-1820), Lucinda (1782-1825), Samuel Witherspoon (1785-1864), Jane (1787-18?), Nancy (1790-18?), Mary (1792-18?). Affter theological studies at Hampton-Sidney College, he was licensed to preach by Hanover Presbytery October 31, 1777. His first parish was near Abingdon, Virginia. While visiting his sister Thankful Doak and her husband Nathaniel Hall in the Holston area of upper East Tennessee he visited the limestone area of Washington County, an dsoon moved his family there. Here, he organized Salem Presbyterian Church and founded Martin Academy, which became Washington College, now Washington College Academy. Both are still active.
In 1816 Samuel W. Doak, who had been vice-president of Washington College, moved his family to Greene County where he founded Tusculum Academy, now Tusculum college. Here he built the Doak HOuse for his growing family of thirteen children, eleven of whom grew to maturity. This house recently was restored as an Historical Landmark. In 1818 the elder Samuel left Washington College to join his son at Tusculum and remained there until his death.
Samuel W. Doak's sixth child, Alexander Mason Doak (1819-1903) married 1844 Elizabeth McClure (1819-1876). They had eight children. He taught at Tusculum College and served briefly as vice-president. In the early 1890s their youngest child, Robert Horace Doak (1859-1928) came to Johnson City. In 1896 he married Clopatra White (1871-1951), daughter of Landon White and Hannah Hodges. Their children: Hannah (1899), Ruby (1901), Lucille (1904-1909), Stanley Alexander (1906), Samuel Kitzmiller (1910-1986). Hannah married 1935 Horace C. Miller (1872-1954), lived in Johnson City until 1978. Ruby is retired; both live in Gatlinburg. Lucille died in Russellville, where the family lived briefly and Stanley was born. Stanley is retired an dlives in Durham, North Carolina. In 1926 in Johnson City he married Nellie Campbell (1907). Their Children: Charlotte Lee (1927), Joan Christine (1928-1936), Robert Campbell (1931-1934), Linda Jane (1937). In 1947 Charlotte married Stuart Henderson, Durham, North Carolina. Their childrenJoan Elizabeth (1962) married 1987 Gary Whiteside; Jessica (1966). In 1956 LInda married William M. Mallory. They live in Sandersonville, Georgia. Their children: David (1956) married 1986 Robin Friday; Mark (1959) married 1985, Jean Parsons, son Daniel (1986), Melinda 1966). Samuel was born after the family returned to Johnson City. He lived his entire life there except for four years an four months served in World War II, more than three years of which were in the European theatre; married 1947 Sara Lois Dent (1916) in Chattanooga. Their children: Margaret (1950), Jane (1953), Margaret married 1970 Richard A. Price (1942). Their children: Mark (1971), Kelly (1977); live in Asheville, North Carolina. Jane married 1974 John D. Myers (19459). Their children: Mary Katherine (1979) John Wesley (1984); live in Knoxville. Submitted by Mrs. Horace C. Miller and Miss Ruby Doak, 604 Holston Drive, Gatlinburg, TN 37738.270
The subject of education early engaged the attention of the people of
Greene County, and Greeneville College, the first college in the State,
was incorporated in 1794. The trustees were Hezekiah Balch, Samuel Doak,
James Balch, Samuel Carrick, Robert Henderson, Gideon Blackburn,
Archibald Roane, Joseph Hamilton, William Cocke, Daniel Kennedy, Landon
Carter, Joseph Hardin, Sr., John Rhea and John Sevier. Hezekiah Balch
was chosen president, and Robert Henderson, vice-president. The first
meeting of the trustees was held at the house of James Stinson and
February 18, 1795. Robert Henderson, James Balch, Joseph Hamilton and
John Rhea were appointed to prepare a memorial to the President and
Congress of the United States, soliciting assistance for the college.
This Mr. Balch offered to present. He soon after started upon a trip to
Philadelphia and the Eastern States, and, upon his return, reported that
had collected and brought a large number of books, and received $1,352
in cash donations and $350 of subscriptions.
In 1818 Dr. Samuel Doak, who had formerly been president of Washington
College, came to Greene County and established a school known as
Tusculum Academy. It soon became known as an excellent institution, and
in 1842, under the management of Rev. Samuel W. Doak, who had succeeded
his father, it was incorporated, with the following board of trustees:
Samuel W. Doak, president; John McGaughey, John Moore, James Broyles,
Alexander Williams, Andrew Johnson, William Crawford, R. J. McKinney,
Thomas D. Arnold, William West, John Blair, Silas Dobson, Jeremiah Moore
, Joseph Henderson, William Robinson, James Robinson, R. M. Woods, Rev.
Isaac Braughan, F. A. McCorcle, William Denney, Henry Earnest, Robert
Rankin, William M. Lowry, James Hale and John Jones. About 1845 five
acres of land were donated by Mr. Doak, and the two-story brick
building, which is still occupied, was erected upon it. Previous to that
time a small house, still standing just back of the Doak mansion, had
been occupied by the academy for several years. Mr. Doak continued as
president until his death, about the close of the war.
At that time both Greeneville and Tusculum Colleges were in a somewhat
demoralized condition, and it was decided to consolidate the two
institutions under the name of Greeneville and Tusculum College. This
was accomplished in 1868, and Dr. W. S. Doak became president. He
continued at the head of the college until his death in 1882, although
the year previous he was elected State superintendent of public
instruction. In 1883 Rev. Jere Moore, the present president, was
elected. During the past year one of the finest college buildings in the
State has been erected at a cost of about $14,000, the greater portion
of which was donated by the widow of the late Cyrus W. McCormick, of
Chicago. The present faculty is as follows: Rev. Jere Moore, A. M.,
president and professor of mental and moral science; L. C. Haynes, A.
M., professor of mathematics and physical science; T. S. Rankin, P. S.,
professor of natural science and English literature; Rev. W. C. Clemens,
A. B., professor of Greek; Rev. S. A Coile, A. M. Vice-president and
professor of Latin; Eduard Lindemann, professor of music and modern
The first schools in Greeneville, as now remembered, were taught in a
log house standing near where Rhea Academy is, and in the Presbyterian
Church. The latter was a boy's school, and was taught for four or five
years by Joseph Brown. The former was doubtless the original Rhea
Academy, and was opened about 1812. The lot was donated by John Rheain
1811, and it is said that he also furnished a large part of the funds
for the erection of the building. The present academy was built about
1825, and about 1840 the building for the female department was erected
upon the lot given by John Dickson.
The date of the organization of the first church in Greeneville has not
been settled beyond dispute, but it is believed that the first preaching
was done by Rev. Samuel Doak in 1780, and that the church was organized
about three years later by Rev. Hezekiah Balch, who became the first
pastor. The elders were Anthony Moore, Maj. Temple and Joseph Hardin.
The first exercises were said to have been held under a clump of trees
near the Big Spring. In 1792 James Galbraith, for $10, deeded three
acres and four poles of land, near the head of Richland Creek, to
Anthony Moore, Alexander Galbraith, Maj. Temple, John Reese, John Carson
, Nicholas Hays, Thomas Russell, David Russell, David McGill and
Jeremiah Smith, elders of Mount Bethel Church. Whether any house had
been erected before this time is not known, but it is probably that a
log building had been used. The earliest church of which there is any
certain knowledge was a frame house which stood on what is now a vacant
lot adjoining the old cemetery on the north side. The congregations
which assembled here were very large, embracing the greater part of the
people for ten miles around. 271
Rev. Samuel Doak (1749-aft 1818)
He was born within the bounds of the New Providence congregation, Virginia,
in August, 1749; was admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in the
College of New Jersey <presinst.htm>, in 1775; taught for a short time in
the school of the Rev. Robert Smith <presbios.htm>, of Pequea, Pennsylvania,
then became Tutor in Hampden Sidney College <presinst.htm>, where he
remained about two years, pursuing the study of theology under the Rev. John
Blair Smith <presbios.htm>, which he subsequently continued from some time
under the Rev. William Graham <presbiog.htm>. He was licensed to preach the
gospel by the Presbytery of Hanover, October 31st, 1777, and having preached
for some time in Washington county, Virginia, he removed to the Holston
settlement, in what was then a part of North Carolina, but is now a part of
East Tennessee. After residing in this settlement a year or two, he removed
in the hope of finding a more promising field of usefulness, to the
settlement on Little Limestone, in Washington county, and there purchased a
farm, on which he built a log house for purposes of education and a small
church edifice, and founded a congregation known as the "Salem
Congregation." The literary institution which he established was the first
that was ever established in the great Valley of the Mississippi, and he
presided over it from the time of its incorporation, in 1785, till the year
1818, when he removed to Bethel, and opened a private school, which he
called Tusculum Academy. Dr Doak organized a number of churches in the
county in which he lived. His ministry was attended with no small success.
His style of preaching was original, bold, pungent, and sometimes pathetic.
He was eminently successful in training up young men for the ministry.272
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