We find Joel and his brother William in the 1790 Census of Franklin County
From his Revolutionary War Service Records, 1775-83 we find that Joel "Crane" was a Private.
Joel stated on his pension application he was born in Granville County, North Carolina on 27 Feb 1762. He indicated he had proof of his age being recorded in his father's bible. He served in the Revolutionary War for about three months beginning in 1780 in Wilks County, North Carolina. After discharge he volunteered for additional service to fight against the Tories and served for four or five months. He was given two written discharges; however, did not have them in April of 1833, when he applied for the pension in Hardeman County, Tennessee. He moved to Tennessee from Georgia.
William Crain, Joel's brother, was born in 1752 in Granville County, North Carolina and died in 1835 in Hardeman County, Tennessee. The only record of his wife, Mary, was when she signed a deed in 1795. When William sold land in 1804, Mary did not sign--so it has been assumed that Mary was dead by then.
Joel Crain, younger brother of William, was born 27 February, 1762, in Granville County, North Carolina and died 1 December, 1844, in Hardeman County, Tennessee. Joel married (1) Rachel about 1775. Joel Crain married (2) Margaret Mitchell on 10 August, 1825, Limestone County, Alabama. Margaret was born about 1780 and died after 1860 when she was enumerated in Hardeman County, Tennessee.
William and Joel Crain are the only two soldiers from the American Revolution buried in Hardeman County, Tennessee. They are buried in a family plot which has been lost in a cultivated field.
Joel served in the North Carolina Line during the American Revolution as part of the Wilkes County, North Carolina Militia.
Joel moved with the Crain family from Wilkes County, North Carolina to Wilkes County, Georgia. Joel was on the 1792 Tax Roll in Wilkes County. He bought and sold land in Franklin County, Georgia, from 1789 until 1806. Joel was in Bedford County, Tennessee from 1806-1825; Warren County, Tennessee in 1820; and finally in Hardeman County, Tennessee from 1825-1844.
Joel Crain & wife Rachel transferred property in Elbert County, Georgia on 29 September 1798. The deed of conveyance (Bk. B) was witnessed by Moses Rusk and John Salmon. Joel and Rachel resided in Franklin County, Georgia at that time--Elbert Co., GA Superior Court.
Joel was 72 in 1832 Pension list of Hardeman County, Tennessee. He was in the Wilkes County Militia during the American Revolution.
Joel died intestate without record of children, except for Stephen.
Margaret was listed, living alone, in the 1860 Census in Hardeman County, Tennessee.