Notes on Mary Jane Ashley
North Carolina Information on the Ashley Family:
Granville County - William Ashley age 52 in the Reed District 2 male 7 females in household
Early North Carolina Marriages:
Orange County. North Carolina
Robert Ashley married Sarah Rue on 5 November 1797
Bride: Sarah Rue
Groom: Robert Ashley
Bond Date: 05 Nov 1797
Record #: 01 015
Bondsman: Thomas Fitch
Witness: S Benton
Bond #: 000094573
Edward Ashley married Jamimah Fitch on 11 December 1793
Bride: Jamimah Fitch
Groom: Edward Ashley
Bond Date: 11 Dec 1793
Record #: 01 015
Bondsman: William Ritch
Witness: A B Bruce
Bond #: 000094563
1790 North Carolina Census
Orange County formed in 1752
James Ashley 540 Mary Ashley 540 Robert Ashley
Orange County Misc. Records
Robert Ashley sold land in Orange County on June 23, 1750
Charles Ashley lived on Dyalls Creek in 1780.
ORANGE COUNTY, NC - CENSUS - Early Tax Records, 1755-1779
Orange Co., North Carolina was created in 1752 from the larger Bladen, Granville and Johnston counties. Later in 1777 Caswell Co. was created from the "Northern Division" of Orange Co.Later in 1791, Pearson Co. was created from the "Eastern" half of Caswell Co. and in 1840 Alamance Co. was created from the "Western" half of Orange Co. Also part of Durham Co. was created in 1881 from the "Eastern" portion of Orange Co. So any of the following Surname's could have been recorded in the above Counties and never even moved!
These "Tax Records" were copied from the North Carolina Division of Archives & History, 109 East Jones Street, Raleigh, NC. 2761 No other additional information is available, they only help the researcher determine Surname "Migration Path."
These records consist of:
1755 = 921 Names
1772 = 132 Names
1779 = 1,307 Names
Total 2,360 Names
1779 A240 ASHLEY Charles N/A N/A N/A Tax Roll
1779 A240 ASHLEY James N/A N/A N/A Tax Roll
1779 A240 ASHLEY Joseph N/A N/A N/A Tax Roll
1779 A240 ASHLEY Robert N/A N/A N/A Tax Roll
1779 A240 ASHLEY William N/A N/A N/A Tax Roll
Orange County NC - MARRIAGES - Marriage Bonds A - C, Indexed by Groom
Ashley, Edward Jamimah Fitch 11 Dec. 1793 William Ritch
Ashley, James Charity Cates 15 Dec. 1815 Robert Hall
Ashley, John Catherine King 31 Dec. 1816 Long King
Ashley, Robert Sarah Rue 5 Nov. 1797 Thomas Fitch
The area that became Orange County was originally occupied by Siouan Indian tribes. These tribes migrated to eastern North Carolina in the early 1700's. Despite their absence, there were few white families in the area in 1740. By 1751, the population had grown and to almost 4,000 - mostly settlers from Pennsylvania. By 1767 it was the most populated county in the state.
Most of the new residents were German or Scotch-Irish having migrated along the "Great Wagon Road" from Pennsylvania. The largest settlement was along the banks of the Eno River, 7 miles north of Hillsborough. The German immigrants settled in "land west of the Haw River". Some prominent citizens were Ludwig Clapp, John Faust, Jacob Albright, Peter Sharp, Philip Snotherly and David Efland.
In addition to the Germans, many English settlers began to migrate from Virginia into Northern Orange County. The Irish settled near Stoney Creek in present day Alamance County. Welsh settlers, including Thomas Lloyd, also made their mark in present day Chatham County.
Quakers also made up a segment of the population, settling near Cain Creek and Stinking Quarter Creek. Though the extent of their influence is unknown, the area is known for its tolerance, particularly of free African-Americans and interracial relationships. Slavery was never prevalent in the county, no more than 8% of the population held slaves. In 1755, and even then the largest slave owner (Mark Morgan) had only 6. "Most slaveholders owned a small number of slaves, hence the relationship between master and slave was very close. The master knew his slaves by name, took a personal interest in them individually, and looked upon them almost as members of his family". In 1760, the 3 largest slaveholders were I.N. Patterson (106), Paul Cameron (98) and Henry Whitted (98). In Whitted's case the majority of his slaves were inherited from his father Levi. His father William Whitted, Sr. owned only a handful at the time of his death in 1824, and his brother, Jehu freed almost all of his slaves in his 1814 will.
Although most of the county retains a small town air today, during the Revolutionary Period Orange County was the hotbed of political activity. The town of Hillsboro (Hillsborough) was laid out by William Churton in 1754. Several royal and elected governors maintained a residence in the town, as well as William Hopper, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. In 1775 Hillsborough hosted the third Provincial Congress, and three years later the Constitutional Convention. It was that convention that decided to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution. In 1781 General Cornwallis raised the Royal Standard over Hillsborough as a symbol of British power.
During the Civil War, General Johnson maintained temporary headquarters in the county. And Bennet Place (now located in Durham County) was the sight of his surrender to General Sherman, and event that began the Confederacy's downfall.
Even today Orange County continues to serve as an important part of the region. Chosen in 1793 as the location of the University of North Carolina (the nation's first state-supported institution), it now has the highest concentration of PhD's in the country. In Hillsborough, many of the buildings downtown date back to the pre-Revolutionary Era. For more information on Orange County, visit the Town of Hillsborough's website, or click here to take a virtual tour of Historic Hillsborough.
* Some information provided by "Orange County - 1752-1952" edited by Hugh Lefler and Paul Wagner - Published in 1953