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Pakistan  |   Palestine  |   Panama  |   Paraguay  |   Papua New Guinea
Peru  |   Philippines  |   Pitcairn Islands  |   Poland  |   Portugal  |   Qatar
Romania  |   Russian Federation  |   Rwanda

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PAKISTAN (Islamic Republic of)

— Updated for:  Jun 9, 2014
Capital of Pakistan:  Islamabad
Government of Islamabad (click on flag)

C, G, L
  • Cultural Heritage of Pakistan - Cultural Heritage | History | Indus Civilization |
             Gandhara Civilization | Islamic Period | Sikh Period | British Period | Post
             Independence | Landscape| Gardens | Museums & Galleries Lahore 100 yrs ago
  • Genealogy Forum - Pakistan GenForum (
  • Languages - Languages of Pakistan (WikiPedia)

  • Coat of arms

  • Pakistan - Virtual Library
  • Pakistan Genealogy Resource - (
  • Pakistan Newspapers - (
  • Provential / City Sites - Pakistani Websites | Country Information | The British | Miscellaneous |
  • Punjap Province - 2nd largest Province (Wikipedia)

  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • PALESTINE (State of)

    — Updated for:  Oct 06, 2014
    Capital of Palestine:  Jerusalem (designated),
                                Ramallah (administrative)
    Government of Palestine (click on flag)

    A, C, J
  • Arab Educational Institute - Open Windows, Bethlehem
  • Culture of Palestine - West Band and Gaza Strip (Countries and Their Cultures)
  • Jerusalem: 4000 Years in 5 Minutes - YouTube Video (

    L, P
  • Languages Spoken in Palestine - Here is a list of all languages spoken in the
             Palestinian Territories (including several that may be extinct as of 2012s).
  • Palastine Authority Maps - selected maps
  • Palestine Chronicle - online newspaper

  • Coat of arms

  • Palestine GenWeb - MidEastGenWeb Project
  • Palestinian Heritage Foundation - a cultural and educational organization aimed at
             promoting awareness and understanding of Arab and, specifically, Palestinian culture
             and traditions.
  • Palestinian History - Palestine is one of the most ancient homelands of humankind. There is
             evidence that Palestine was inhabited almost two hundred thousand years ago.

  • Who's Who - Note: because of problems with the transliteration of Arabic names common
             alternative spellings have been included to facilitate searching. Biographies marked (*) are at
    and readers should scroll down the page to find the relevant person.
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
    Return to: top of page

  • PANAMA (Republic of)

    — Updated for:  Dec 7, 2013
    Capital of Panama:  Panama City
    Government of Panama (click on flag)

    A, B, H
  • A Country Study - Library of Congress (USA)
  • Biblioteca Nacional - in Spanish
  • Hispanic Genealogy - A genealogy blog (in Spanish).

  • Coat of arms

    N, P, W
  • New World Encylopedia - Panama is a country located in Central America, bordering both the
             Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica.
  • Panama - Genealogy Forum (
  • Panama - The history of the Republic of Panama (World History Archives)
  • Panama - Panama Relief Map
  • Panama GenWeb Project - provided by the WorldGenWeb Project
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • PAPUA NEW GUINEA (Independent State of)

    — Updated for:  Jan 30, 2012
    Capital of Papua New Guinea:  Port Moresby
    Government of Papua New Guinea (click on flag)

  • Lonely Planet - Introducing Papua New Guinea

  • Papua Nui GuineaGenWeb - Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

  • Coat of arms

  • - Beginning Research in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

  • Wikipedia - Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • PARAGUAY (Republic of)

    — Updated for:  Apr 1, 2013
    Capital of Paraguay:  Asuncion
    Government of Paraguay (click on flag)

    M, P
  • Maps - Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection
  • Paraguay - A Brief Description, Fast Facts, Flag, Landforms, Lat/Long Links,
             Maps, Time, Traveler Info and Weather (
  • Paraguay - A country study
  • Paraguay - History (Country Reports)
  • Paraguay Culture - Countries and Their Cultures

  • Emblem

  • Who's Who - All about Paraguay and the addresses from all the Embassies and Consulates.
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • World Guide - About Paraguay (Lonely Planet).
    Return to: top of page

  • PERÚ (Republic of)

    — Updated for:  Nov 11, 2013
    Capital of Perú:  Lima
    Government of Paraguay (click on flag)

    B, I, M
  • Biblioteca Naciional del Perú - the national library of Peru, located in
             Lima. It is the country's oldest and most important library.
  • Introduction to Peru - Peru is South America's third largest country.
  • Maps of Peru - Nature, Biodiversity, Adventure and sports maps.

  • Emblem

    P, W
  • Lonely Planet - World Guide, all about Peru
  • Peru Genealogy Forum -
  • Peru GenWeb Project - Una parte del WorldGenWeb Project
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • PITCAIRN ISLANDS   (Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands)

    — Updated for:  Nov 11, 2013
    Capital of Pitcarin Islands:  Adamstown
    Government of Paraguay (click on flag)

  • Pacific Union College - History of the Pitcairn Islands
  • Pitcairn IslandGenWeb
  • Pitcairn & Norfolk Islands - Norfolk & Pitcairn Islands and H.M.S. "Bounty"

  • Coat of Arms

  • Wikipedia - The Free Encylopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • PHILIPPINES (Republic of the)

    — Updated for:  May 5, 2014
    Capital of Philippines:  Manila
    Government of Philippines (click on flag)

  • Philippines Genealogy Forum - (

  • Coat of arms

  • Wikipedia - The Free Encylopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • POLAND (Republic of)

    Click here - for expanded Republic of Poland Database
    Return to: top of page

    PORTUGAL (Portuguese Republic)

    — Updated for:  Jun 4, 2012
    Capital of Portugal:  Lisbon
    Government of Portugal (click on flag)

  • Azore Islands - World
  • Azorean Immigration into the United States
  • Azores, Portugal Genealogy Forum

  • Basque Genealogy - A personal web page, listing some Basque Surnames
             as a portion of those related to the page webmaster.
  • Basque Organizations - A personal web page: Dr. Jon Aske's Basque Page.
  • Burber's Basque Page - by Jon Aske
  • Beginning Research - Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

  • Coat of arms

    D, F
  • Dictionary Translations - English to Portugese and Portugese to English
  • Finding Your Portuguese Roots - by Cheri Mello

  • Genealogy Forum - Portugal Genealogy Forum (
  • Genealogy & the Azores Islands
  • Genealogy Search - World Vital

    H, I
  • History of Portugal - Cultural, Historical, Statistical, Country Information.
  • History of Portugal - Primary Documents (Euro Docs).
  • Instituto dos Arquivos Nacionais - Torre do Tombo (in Portuguese)

    L, M, N
  • LusaWeb - An internet community dedicated to the people of Portuguese ancestry living in the
             United States and throughout the world.
  • Madeira Island - Research Resources Related to the Madeira Exiles
  • Map of Porgugal - Country of Portugal (interactive)
  • Map of Portugal - Current map (University of Texas)
  • Nations Online - A virtual travel guide to Portugal

  • Portal Portugal - Family Search Research Tools.
  • Portugal Family Histories - A Homepage
  • Portugal Genealogy Home Page
  • Portugese-English Dictionary
  • Portuguese Genealogy Links
  • Portuguese Historical Museum - Preserving the history of the Portuguese immigrants to
             California (also see state listing)
  • Portuguese Roots
  • Portuguese Passenger Ships Master List - passengers who came from Portugal to the U.S.A.

    S, W
  • - a reserch tool for Sephardic Genealogy / Jewish Genealogy
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia.
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • QATAR (State of)

    — Updated for:  Oct 1, 2012
    Capital of Qatar:  Doha
    Government of Qatar (click on flag)

    C, H
  • Country of Qatar - the people
  • Heritage of Qatar - History and Sites in Qatar
  • History and Geography et. al.

  • Qatar Genealogy
  • Qatar Press - Six newspapers listed (Choose from several languages)

  • Emblem

  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page


    Capital of Romania:  Bucharest
    Government of Romania (click on flag)

    — Updated for:  Nov 03, 2014
                                        Current time and temperature in Romanian Capital: 
        Click for Bucharest, Romania Forecast

                                        Romanian Pages Steward:  Cristian Petrariu
    Google, Romanian to English, Translator            

  • Balkans - Romania and Bulgaria
  • Bran Castle - Window to East European History

    C, D
  • Cities of Romania - Brasov (Video presentation)
  • Cities of Romania - Galaţi (Video presentation)
  • Churches/Museums in/about Romania - St. Elijah Museum (Resources on the
             Bucovinian Pioneers)
  • Churches/Museums in/about Romania - Romanian Orthodox Church; multiple web
             site listings
  • Danube Delta - is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga Delta,
             and is the best preserved on the continent. The greater part of the Danube Delta
             lies in Romania (Tulcea county), while its northern part, on the left bank of the
             Chilia arm, is situated in Ukraine (Odessa Oblast).

  • Family Genealogy Forum - Romania (
  • Family History Library Catalog - taken from gazetteers.
  • Family Names in Romania - Male, Female and Surnames (also history).

  • Coat of Arms

  • Galaţi County - Cristian's home County and City of the same name (from Wikipedia).
  • Genealogy ressources in Romania - Six Web Sites.

    H, I, J
  • History of Romania - Wikipedia
  • Iaşi, Romania - Nickname(s): The Cultural Capital of Romania, The City of Great Loves, The City of
             the Famous Destinies, The City of Great Ideas, The City of the Three Unions, The City on Seven
             Hills (Wikipedia).
  • International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
  • Jews in Romania - Sephardic Jewish Community

    N, P
  • Nations Online - A virtual guide to Romania.
  • New Web Dictionary - features the first Romanian-only WebDirectory and Search-
             Engine ever established on the global Internet!
  • News - Daily News from Romania in English (
  • Portals To The World - Provided by the Library of Congress (USA).

  • Romania - Explore the Carpathian Garden
  • Romania - Simply Surprising, your guide to Romania
  • Romania Culture - Countries and Their Cultures
  • Romania Insider - Daily News / Discover Romania / Experience Romania / Expat Life /
             Community Voice / (in English)
  • Romania Maps - The country and Bucharest provided by the University of Texas - Austin.
  • Romanian Language - a Romance language spoken by around 24 to 28 million people, primarily
             in Romania and Moldova. It has official status in Romania, Republic of Moldova, the
             Autonomous Province of Vojvodina in Serbia and in the autonomous Mount Athos in Greece.
  • Romanian Portal - News and current events. (Romanian Language Web Site.)
  • Romania World Gen Web
  • Romanian-American Heritage Center
  • Romanian Genealogy - Link to your Ancestors
  • Romanian Radio - European radio stations streaming live on the internet (
  • Romanian Voice - Culture, Poetry, Images and Banknotes.

  • Sarah in Romania - A Year In Romania: "Always write kindly of my adopted country." (Blog)
  • Society For Romanian Studies - Sources for Romanian Studies.
  • Surnames - The etymology and history of Romanian surnames.

    U, W
  • United Romanian Society - The Federation of East European Family History Societies.
  • Wallachia - Romania Middle Ages History
  • Wikipedia - Portal:  Demographics of Romania, from the free encyclopedia
  • Wikipedia - Portal:  Romania, from the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • World Vital Records - This search engine currently searches 110 websites related to doing
             genealogy in Romania.
    Return to: top of page

  • RUSSIAN FEDERATION   (formerly a portion of USSR - Russia)

    — Updated for:  Oct 06, 2014
    Capital of The Russian Federation:  Moscow
    Government of The Russian Federation (click on flag)

  • - Genealogy
  • All Russia Family Tree - in English
  • Ancestors From Russia - A History of Germans from Russia
  • Archives in Russia - This is a brief extract from the ArcheoBiblioBase information
             system on archival repositories in the Russian Federation, maintained in Moscow.

  • Coat of Arms

  • Census 1795-1814 - Mennonite, South Russia
  • Census 1802 - Neuenburg, Chortitza, South Russia (30 April)
  • Census Index - Volga Villages (American Historical Society of Germans From Russia)
  • Chortitza - Annontated List of Chortiza Colony Householders for 1847
  • Chortitz Colony - Osterwick Village, Marriage Register 1941
  • Chortitza to Molotschna - Mennonites from Chortitza Colony who requested transfer to the
             Molotshna Colony

    D, E
  • Doukhobor - History to 1930
  • Doukhobor - Doukhobor Names
  • Embassy of the Russian Federation - Wasnington, DC, USA.

    H, J, L, M, N, O, P
  • History of Russia
  • Jewish Religious Personnel in the Russian Empire - 1853 to 1854
  • Molokan and Jumpers Around The World - Molokans are sectarian Bible-centered Christians
             who evolved from Spiritual Christian Russian peasants who refused to join the Russian
             Orthodox Church in the 1700s.
  • Languages in Russia - Russian belongs to the family of Indo-European languages and is
             one of the three living members of the East Slavic languages.
  • Nations Online - Russian Federation | Rossiyskaya Federatsiya (in English)
  • Norka Colony - A German Colony in Russia
  • Odessa - a German-Russian Genealogical Library
  • Petersburg Genealogical Portal - Russian Genealogical federation and Creative Associates of
             Russian Genealogical Society
  • Photographs - The Empire that was Russia (Library of Congress)

  • Russia - American Historical Society of Germans from Russia
  • Russia - Genealogy Forum
  • Russia Genealogy Links - Multiple links... vital records, and more
  • Russia Genweb - History of Russia (and more)
  • Russian Federal Archive Service - (Russian language website)
  • Russian History - Attempts to capture the flavor of the rich diversity evolving over Russian
             history. (Bucknell University)
  • Russian Life - In July 1995, The Magazine, Soviet Life was reborn as Russian Life.
  • Russian Names - Behind the name (Russian names etymology)
  • Russian Names - (Patronymics et. al.)
  • Russian Refugees - Living in Garbin, China before emigrating to other countries
  • Russian Period Names - A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (and some of their Slavic

    S, T
  • Saint Petersburg - Images (1900-1941)
  • Siberia - Lutheranism in Siberia
  • Susannental - About a German/Russian Volga Village
  • Timeline - Early Russian History (infoplease)

    W, Y
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • Yekaterinburg - Sverdlovsk Region, Russia - Cemetery Photos
    Return to: top of page

  • RWANDA   (The Republic of)

    — Updated for:  Jun 9, 2014
    Capital of Rwanda:  Kigali
    Government of Rawanda (click on flag)

    L, R
  • Language - Language of Rwanda (Ethology)
  • Rwanda - Map of Rwanda
  • Republic of Rwanda - Atlapedia Online

  • Coat of Arms

  • Wikipedia - History of Rwanda (the free encyclopedia)
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • * When you tell us about your Surname(s) quest, by posting your Surnames on our Message Board, we will gladly set out to find as many listings, within time, for your particular SURNAME(S). If you wish, we will also be happy to provide you with your own Ancestors listing.
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