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Democratic Republic of Congo  |   Denmark  |   Djibouti
Dominica  |   Dominican Republic  |   Dutch East Indies
Ecuador  |   Egypt  |   El Salvador  |   England
Equatorial Guinea  |   Eritrea  |   Estonia  |   Ethiopia  |   Fiji
Finland  |   France  |   French Guiana

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DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (formerly Ziare)
   (Not to be confused with Republic of Congo)



— Updated for:  Feb 25, 2013
Capital of DRC:  Kinshasa (formerly L╚opoldville)
Government of DRC (click on flag box)


C
  • Countries & Cultures - Democratic Republic of Congo.

    D
  • DRC - (conventional short form of country name) A Country Study, Zaire
             (Former name).

    W
  • World Factbook - prepared by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)






  • Emblem

    Return to: top of page




    DENMARK


    — Updated for:  Apr 7, 2014
    Capital of Denmark:  Copenhagen
    Government of Denmark (click on flag)

    C
  • City of Esbjerg, Denmark - a seaport on the west coast of the Jutland peninsula
             in southwest Denmark.
  • City of Esbjerg, Denmark - Esbjerg By Historiske Arkiv archive on the west coast
             of Jutland.

    D
  • Danish State Archives Parish Registers - The Danish State Archives collects and
             stores historic sources and makes them available to the public.
  • Danish American Heritage Society - (Salem, OR)
  • Danish Ancestors - Find your Danish ancestors
  • Danish Counties - (1662-1793)
  • Danish Counties - (1970-2006)
  • Danish History - Books I-IX, Late 12th - Early 13th Century
  • Danish Imigration Archives
  • Danish Imigration to America - An annotated bibliography of resources
  • Danish Military - The original Vikings
  • Danish Naming Tradition - A Crash Course

  • Coat of Arms

  • Danish Parishes - The parish and county levels are the most often referred to and used in
             research. However, a district level also exists. The basic hierarchy can be defined as follows:
             parish-district-county-country.
  • Danish Patronymics - Until about 1850-1870 most ordinary people used patronymics instead of
             surnames. Patronymics are made from the Christian name of a person's father, followed by
             "sen" (=son) or "datter" (=daugther). Therefore, Jens Nielsen's daughter Maren's full name
             would be "Maren Jensdatter"; his son Soren would be "Soren Jensen".
  • Danish Probate Records - 1 The Probate Process, 2 The Availability of Probate Records,
             3 Guardianship Records [Overformynderiprotokoller], 4 Language of Probates, 5 Web Sites,
             6 References.
  • Danish Royal Family
  • Dansk Demografisk DataBase
  • Danish emigration - late 1800's
  • Danish State Archives - Historic sources now available to the public.
  • Denmark - Census Transcripts of Danish parish registers and census online
  • Denmark - Danish Parish Registers and Population Censuses on the Internet

    F, G
  • Faroe Islands - The Faroe Islands, sometimes Faeroe Islands, Faroe(s), or Faeroes (Faroese:
             F»royar, Danish: F╩r»erne) are an island group situated between the Norwegian Sea and the
             North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Great Britain and Iceland. The Faroe
             Islands are a constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark, along with Denmark proper and
             Greenland.
  • Genealogical Research in Denmark - Associated facts regarding doing Danish research

    H, I, J
  • Hjorring County - Bindsley Parish (in Danish)
  • Introduction to Danish Research
  • Jewish Cemeteries in Denmark - JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry (JOWBR)

    M, N, S
  • Museums of Denmark - three traditional categories: art museums, museums of cultural history
             and museums of natural history.
  • National Archives of Denmark - Links to the databases
  • Nations Online - Destination Denmark, a virtual travel guide to Denmark. This page aims to give
             a broad overview of Denmark's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy
             and government.
  • Surname Navigator

    T, W
  • Top 100 Surnames in Denmark - MyDanishRoots.com
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • DJIBOUTI (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Nov 12, 2012
    Capital of Djibouti:  Djibouti
    Government of Djibouti (click on flag)


    A, C, D
  • Atlapedia Online
  • Country Profile - News Africa, Djibouti (BBC News)
  • Djibouti Page - African Studies






  • Emblem


    G, H
  • Genealogy in Djibouti - This Djibouti genealogy group is dedicated to helping people with
             researching their ancestors in Djibouti, offering a genealogy chatroom, Djibouti links and a
             Djibouti genealogy message forum.
  • History of Djibouti - source: U.S. State Department Background Notes 1996

    N, W
  • Nations Online - a summary of Djibouti's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history,
             economy and government.
  • Wikipedia - the free dictionary
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • DOMINICA (Commonwealth of)


    — Updated for:  Jul 8, 2013
    Capital of Dominica:  Roseau
    Government of Dominica (click on flag)


    C, D, E, H
  • Commonwealth of Dominica - Official Site
  • Dominica - CaribbeanGenWeb Project
  • Dominica - Civil Registration, Parish Register, Language
  • History - Dominica has been inhabited by human beings for a long time.
             There is evidence that the island was inhabited in at least 3100 BC...






  • Emblem


    N, P, W
  • Nations Online - a summary of Dominica's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history,
             economy and government.
  • Parish Listings - maps, articles and discussion.
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
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  • DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (Commonwealth of)
    formerly Santo Domingo



    — Updated for:  Nov 12, 2012
    Capital of Dominica:  Roseau
    Government of Dominica (click on flag)


    A
  • Archivo General de la Nacion - (National Archives), (web site in Spanish).






  • Coat of Arms


    D, G
  • Dominican Republic - a country study
  • Dominican Republic - A GenWeb site
  • Dominican Republic - Genealogy Forum
  • Geography and Maps - Provided by, The New York Times On The Web

    L, N, W
  • Latin America - Area Studies
  • Nations Online - The Dominican Republic, formerly known as Santo Domingo.
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
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  • DUTCHESTINDIES (now Republic of Indonesia)


    — Updated for:  Nov 16, 2009
    Capital of Indonesia:  Jakarta
    Government of Indonesia (click on flag)

  • See Indonesia







  • Coat of Arms

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    ECUADOR (The Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Sep 2, 2013
    Capital of Ecuador:  Quito
    Government of Ecuador (click on flag)


    E
  • Ecuador - Country Leaders.
  • Ecuador - a country study.
  • Ecuador Culture - Unlock the Treasures of Ecuadorian Culture.
  • Embasy of Ecuador - Washington, D.C.






  • Coat of Arms


    G, N, W
  • Genealogy Forum - Genealogy.com
  • Genealogy & History - This is a discussion area for anyone who has an interest in Genealogy
             and/or History related to Ecuador, South America.
  • Nations Online - A virtual guide to Ecuador
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
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  • EGYPT (Arab Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Nov 9, 2011
    Capital of Egypt:  Cairo
    Government of Egypt (click on flag)


    A, E
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Egypt Genealogy
  • Egypt State Information Service






  • Coat of Arms


    H, M, W
  • Historical Society of Jews from Egypt
  • History of Egypt
  • Muhammad 'Ali Dynasty - Genealogy
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • EL SALVADOR (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Nov 9, 2011
    Capital of El Salvador:  San Salvador
    Government of El Salvador (click on flag)


    A, E
  • About El Salvador
  • Atlapedia
  • El Salvador - Genealogy Forum
  • El Salvador - GenWeb site:  The purpose of this site is to assist those who are
             interested in researching their ancestors or family history of El Salvador.






  • Coat of Arms


    H, L, W
  • History of El Salvador
  • Directorio de archivos de El Salvador - La Primera Pagina (a Homepage)
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • ENGLAND (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)


    — Updated for:  May 20, 2013
    Capital of England:  London
    Government of England (click on flag)

  • Click here - for expanded England Database






  • Coat of Arms

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    EQUATORIAL GUINEA (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Mar 31, 2014
    Capital of Equatorial Guinea:  Malabo
    Government of Equatorial Guinea (click on flag)


    E
  • Equatorial Guinea - Administrative Map
  • Equatorial Guinea - General Information
    Equatorial Guinea - History marked by centuries of colonial domination within
             Portuguese, British and Spanish empires, as well as by the local kingdoms
             and societies of the Bubi, Fang and Ndowe peoples.
  • Equatorial Guinea - Facts and Figures (infoplease)
  • Equatorial Guinea Page
  • Ethnolgoue

    H
  • History - Colonial Rule 1472-1968; Independence: from 1968






  • Coat of Arms


    U, W
  • US Department of State - Consular Information Sheet
  • Wkipedia - A country in West Middle Africa
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
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  • ERITREA (State of)


    — Updated for:  Mar 31, 2014
    Capital of Eritrea:  Asmara
    Government of Eritrea (click on flag)


    E
  • Eritrea - Atlapedia online
  • Eritrea - Ethnologue
  • Eritrea - History






  • Emblem


    N, W
  • Names - Eritrean Names and their Meaning (Madote)
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • ESTONIA (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Nov 17, 2009
    Capital of Estonia:  Tallinn
    Government of Estonia (click on flag)


    A, E
  • A Country Study
  • Estonia American National Council
  • Estonia History - Tika, Kapri, Borodino, Soodoma, Kosova, Pariis;
             historical places of the world? No, just some village names from
             Estonia.
  • Estonian Biographical Center - Genealogy Research in Estonia (in English)
  • Estonian Genealogical Society - Genealogy Research in Estonia (in English)
  • Estonian Historical Archives - an inexhaustible treasury of historical memory (in English)






  • Coat of Arms


    H, N, W
  • How to find relatives in Estonia
  • National Archives of Estonia - (Riigiarhiiv)
  • National Library of Estonia
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • ETHIOPIA (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Feb 10, 2014
    Capital of Ethiopia:  Addis Ababa
    Government of Ethiopia (click on flag)


    C, E
  • Crown Council of Ethiopia
  • Ethiopia Genealogy - This Ethiopia genealogy group is dedicated to helping
             people with researching their ancestors in Ethiopia, offering a genealogy
             chatroom, Ethiopia genealogy links and an Ethiopia genealogy message
             forum.
  • Ethiopia Page






  • Emblem


    W, Z
  • Wikipedia - the free encyclopedia
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
  • Zagwe Dynasty - History
    Return to: top of page





  • FIJI (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  May 20, 2013
    Capital of Fiji:  Suva (on Viti Levu)
    Government of Fiji (click on flag)


    F
  • Fiji GenWeb - The Sovereign Democratic Republic of the Fiji Islands is an
             independent nation consisting of an archipelago surrounding the Koro
             Sea in the South Pacific Ocean. It forms part of the Melanesian cultural
             area. The archipelago consists of some 332 islands scattered over
             about 3,000,000 square kilometers.
  • Fiji History - Despite evidence that Fiji has been inhabited for more than 2,500
             years, little is known of its history before the coming of the Europeans. In
             earlier times, the Fiji Islands were known as the "Cannibal Islands"; today's
             Fijians, with their open, friendly ways, bear little resemblance to their warlike
             forebearers.






  • Emblem


    T, W
  • Taveuni Island - Bouma Park, Fiji Travel Photos
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • FINLAND (Republic of)


    — Updated for:  Jan 3, 2011
    Capital of Finland:  Helsinki
    Government of Finland (click on flag)


    B, F
  • Beginners Guide - Finnish Family History Research
  • Family History Finland - Our aim is to help the Family Historian with their
             Finnish ancestry and to network the 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation Finnish-
             Americans with their serkuksia (cousins) in Finland.
  • Finland - Abbreviations & common terms (beginner's guide)
  • Finland - Finnish Cemeteries
  • Finland Message Board (Ancestry.com)
  • Finland Message Board (Genealogy.com)
  • Finland Genealogy Forum
  • Finland Genealogy Links
  • Finland General Family Index - (database)
  • Finland GenWeb site

  • Emblem


    G, H, I, N
  • Genealogical Society of Finland
  • Genealogical Society of Finland - HisKi Project, includes lists of christenings, marriages,
             burials and moves.
  • History of Finland - with links to articles.
  • Institute of Migration - Institute of Migration aims to promote and carry out migration
             and ethnic research and to encourage the compilation, storage and documentation of
             material relating to international and internal migration in Finland. It serves also as a
             resource site for genealogists.
  • Nations Online - A virtual destination guide to Finland, this page is about many aspects of
             this Scandinavian country.

    S, V, W
  • Statistics of Finland
  • Virtual Findland - interactive maps
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • FRANCE (French Republic)


    — Updated for:  Jul 8, 2013
    Capital of France:  Paris
    Government of France (click on flag)


    A, B
  • Alsace - A GenWeb site (French or English)
  • American(North)-French Genealogical Society - (French-Canadian) The Society
             is actively involved in extracting, collating, and publishing Franco-American
             vital statistics, parish registers, burial records, and other data...
  • Annuaire le renard - lists of French genealogy sites
  • Bibliography - Tracing French Noble Families

    C, F
  • Cemeteries - France and Flanders
  • Cotes d'Armor, Brelagne - Parish Register Index (site under reconstruction).
  • France Genealogy Forum
  • France GenWeb - English and French language
  • FrancoGen - Your gateway to Franco-American and French-Canadian Genealogy
             on the Internet
  • French Civil Records - Links to free French civil records.
  • French Heritage - DNA Project website in English, the Blog is in French).
  • French Lines - an archived collection that retraces 150 years of French maritime
             history. (in English and French)
  • French Protestant Historical Society - In French.
  • French Refugees - French Refugees in Great Britain in the early 1700s.

  • Emblem


    G, H
  • Genealogie Desbois - Les Maisons De Nos Ancestres Des Alps
  • Genealogy & History in France
  • Genealogy in France - a beginners guide
  • Historians of Early Modern France - Ongoing Research Projects; Resources for Teaching

    M, N
  • Memoires & Documents - Genealogy and History in French for France and Europe
  • Nations Online - Destination France, a virtual travel guide to the "Grande Nation".
  • New Historians of Early Modern France

    P, S, T, W
  • Paris (city of) - 1292 Census
  • Search Engine - Surnames in France (site in French)
  • The Saint Helene's medal database - Created 1857 by Napoleon III. Includes Belgium,
             Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Italy & Germany.
  • Waldensian Ancestors - The WALDENSIAN's (settled in the Piedmont Valleys) were forced to leave
             their areas in the 1700's because of their Protestant beliefs
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page





  • FRENCH GUIANA (Department of)


    — Updated for:  Apr 28, 2014
    Capital of French Guiana:  Cayenne
    Government of French Guiana (click on flag)


    E, L
  • Exile Destination - French Guiana
  • L'Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane - (French, English & Spanish)




  • Coat of Arms


    N, W
  • Map of French Guiana - Devil's Island, South America (WorldAtlas)
  • Nations Online - an overview of French Guiana's art, culture, people, environment, geography,
             history, economy and government.
  • World Atlas - Many native American peoples occupied the northern edges of South America
             for centuries. Then, in 1498, this land was visited by Christopher Columbus, on his second
             voyage to this New World...
  • World Factbook - published by the Centeral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
    Return to: top of page

  • * When you tell us about your Surname(s) quest, by posting your Surnames on our Message Board, we will gladly set out to find as many listings, within time, for your particular SURNAME(S). If you wish, we will also be happy to provide you with your own Ancestors listing.
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