( click here - for enlarged view)
The picture on a deep blue field is a scene painting. You see a tall pine tree, a cow and sheaves of wheat. The Green Mountains are in
the distance. Pine boughs extend around a shield. The name "Vermont" and the state motto "Freedom and Unity" are displayed on a
crimson banner. At the the top of the shield is a stag's head.
Vermont's Great Seal has traveled the full swing of a pendulum. Back in 1778, an artist
named Ira Allen designed a seal for the new state. The seal contained some basic symbolic images
that represented the state. These images were not intricately sophisticated, but they did depict the
character of Vermont at the time. The design was a circle, bordered on the top and bottom by
wavy lines suggesting sky and water. A sheaf of wheat stands in each quadrant of the circle. A cow,
of course, stands as a cow does, and Vermont had its share of cows. The rolling hills and forests of
Vermont's landscape are depicted across the center of the circle. A lone pine stands at the top center
of the scene. Across the lower half of the circle are the words "Vermont Freedom & Unity". This
design was accepted in 1779 by the General Assembly, but in 1821, a more "sophisticated" rendition
of the tall pine, the cow, and the landscape came into favor. However, in 1937, Vermont decided that
the original design was more in keeping with the state's image, and the current seal is now a faithful
reproduction of Ira Allen's original design.
"Green Mountain State" Verd Mont was a name given to the Green Mountains in October, 176l, by the Rev. Dr. Peters,
the first clergyman who paid a visit to the 30,000 settlers in that country, in the presence of Col. Taplin, Col. Willes, Col. Peters,
Judge Peters and many others, who were proprietors of a large number of townships in that colony. The ceremony was performed
on the top of a rock standing on a high mountain, then named Mount Pisgah because it provided to the company a clear sight of lake
Champlain at the west, and of Connecticut river at the east, and overlooked all the trees and hills in the vast wilderness at the
north and south.
Other Symbols Links: