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State of OKLAHOMA
Symbols


State Flag | State Seal | State Nickname | Other Symbols Links


State Flag: ( click here - for enlarged view)

The Oklahoma state flag honors more than 60 groups of Native Americans and their ancestors. The blue field comes from a flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. The center shield is the battle shield of an Osage warrior. It is made of buffalo hide and decorated with eagle feathers. Two symbols of peace lie across the shield. One is the calumet, or peace pipe. The other is an olive branch. Crosses on the shield are Native American signs for stars, representing high ideals.




State Seal:

The Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma is a tribute to the state's Indian heritage and it's hope for the future. The central design consists of one large star, representing the state of Oklahoma, surrounded by 45 small stars, representing each of the other states of the Union. The large star that symbolizes Oklahoma features five radiating arms, one for each of the five Civilized Indian Nations. The top ray is for the Chickasaw Nation, and holds a warrior with a bow and a shield. The upper right ray represents the Choctaw Nation, with a bow, three arrows, and a tomahawk. The lower right ray hors the Seminole Nation, with a hunter in a canoe. The lower left ray is for the Creek Nation, and holds a sheaf of wheat and a plow. And the upper left ray is the seal of the Cherokee Nation, with a seven-pointed star and a wreath of oak leaves. The center of the main star shows an Indian shaking hands with a white man, symbolizing the merging of cultures. Olive branches encircle this image, representing the hope for peace. The state motto "Labor Omina Vincit", or "Labor Conquers All", displays on the seal, and the entire seal is ringed with "Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma 1907".




State Nickname:

In 1889, the Indian Territory was opened to settlers. Thousands of people lined up on the border and, when the signal was given, they raced into the territory to claim their land. Some people went in early to claim their land. They became known as Sooners. Hence, Oklahoma's nickname today is "The Sooner State".




Other Symbols Links:

Sources:
http://www.imagesoft.net/flags/i-flag/usa-ok.html
http://www.geobop.com/World/NA/US/OK/
http://www.50states.com/oklahoma.htm
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/usa/states/oklahoma/

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