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The Maryland flag contains the family crest of the Calvert and Crossland families. Maryland was founded
as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The black and Gold designs
belong to the Calvert family. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family.
The great seal of Maryland was adopted in 1876 by the General Assembly. The seal
actually consists of an obverse and a reverse side, although it is the reverse side that is usually seen.
During its history, Maryland has used several seals, including a new design during the time of the
American Revolution, when Maryland"s seal was more in line with the seals of the other states.
The design of the present seal goes back to the days of the original settlements in Maryland, and is
based upon a seal that was sent from England at that time. On the obverse side is a mounted knight
(Lord Baltimore). The reverse shows a farmer, a fisherman, a shield, and a coat of arms.
According to some historians, Gen. George Washington bestowed the name "Old Line State" and thereby associated Maryland with its
regular line troops, the Maryland Line, who served courageously in many Revolutionary War battles.
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