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State of Connecticut

State Flag | State Seal | State Nickname

State Flag: ( click here - for enlarged view)

On a field of azure blue is an ornamental white shield with three grapevines, each bearing three bunches of purple grapes. The states motto "He who Transplanted Sustains Us" is displayed on a white ribbon. The vines stand for the first settlements of English people who began to move from Massachusetts in the 1630's. These settlements were thought of as grapevines that had been transplanted.

State Seal:

The Connecticut State Seal has changed over the years, but it still has similarities to some of the older versions of the state’s seals. The original seal had 15 grapevines on it and the motto "Sustinet Qui Transtulit" (He Who Transplanted Still Sustains). That seal was carried over to this country from England in 1639. The words "Sigillum Coloniae Connecticensis" (Seal of the Connecticut Colony) were added as the seal underwent revisions in later years.

After the Revolutionary War, as Connecticut gained statehood, the legend was changed to "Sigillum Reipublicae Connecticutensis" (Seal of the State of Connecticut). The motto "Sustinet Qui Transtulit" remains the same as on the original. And some of those grape vines that were a prominent feature of the older seals made it to the current seal (three are on the present one).

State Nickname:

Connecticut was designated the "Constitution State" by the General Assembly in 1959. As early as the 19th Century, John Fiske, a popular historian from Connecticut, made the claim that the Fundamental Orders of 1638/39 were the first written constitution in history. Some contemporary historians dispute Fiske's analysis. However, Simeon E. Baldwin, a former Chief Justice of the Connecticut Supreme Court, defended Fiske's view of the Fundamental Orders in Osborn's History of Connecticut in Monographic Form by stating that "never had a company of men deliberately met to frame a social compact for immediate use, constituting a new and independent commonwealth, with definite officers, executive and legislative, and prescribed rules and modes of government, until the first planters of Connecticut came together for their great work on January 14th, 1638-9." The text of the Fundamental Orders is reproduced in Section I of this volume and the original is on permanent display at the Museum of Connecticut History at the State Library. Connecticut has also been known as the "Nutmeg State", the "Provisions State", and the "Land of Steady Habits".

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