Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   



Clan & Society Listings                 Scottish "Dictionary"

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z






Aboon - above, up, over
Abread - abroad, in sight, asunder
Abreed - in breadth
Addle - foul, putrid
Aff - off
Aff-loof - extempore, without premeditation
Afore - before
Aft - aften, oft, often
Agee - to one side, ajar, deranged in mind
Aiblins - perhaps
Ain - own
Airles - airle-penny, earnest money, a silver piece given
         on hiring
Airn - iron
Airt - quarter, point
Aith - oath
Aits - oats
Alake - alas
Alane - alone
Akwart - awkward, across
Amaist - almost
Amang - among
An' - and, if
Ance - once
Anent - over against, concerning
Anither - another

Page up         Page down






Ba' - ball
Backets - ash boards
Backlins - coming back
Back-yett - private door
Baggie - belly
Baide - endured
Bairn - a child
Bairntime - a brood
Baith - both
Ballets - ballants, ballads
Ban - swear
Bane - bone
Bang - to beat, strive, excel
Bannock or bonnock - a flat cake
Bardie - diminutive of bard
Barefit - bare-footed
Barley-bree - juice of barley
Barmie - yeasty, volatile, passionate
Batch - a gang
Batts - botts
Bauckie-bird - the bat
Baudrons - a cat
Bauld - bold
Bawk - a cross-beam, a rafter
Bear - barley
Beastie - diminutive of beast
Beet - to bask, to add fuel to fire
Beld - bauld
Belyve - by and by, quickly
Benmost - remotest, innermost
Bethankit - grace after meat
Beuk - book
Bicker - a kind of wooden dish, a short quick race
Bickering - careening, hurrying
Bien - wealthy, plentiful
Big - biggit, build, built
Bill - bull
Billie - a brother, a young fellow, a companion
Bing - a heap of grain, potatoes, etc.
Birdie-cocks - young cocks of the brood
Birk - birch
Birken Shaw - a birch wood
Birkie - a clever fellow
Birring - the noise of partridges rising
Birses - bristles
Bit - crisis, nick of time
Bizz - a bustle, to buzz
Blastie - a shrivelled dwarf, a term of contempt
Bladd or Blaud - a flat piece of anything, to slap
Blate - bashful, sheepish
Blaw - to blow, to boast, to flatter
Bleerit - bleared, sore with rheum
Bleer't or blin' - bleared and blind
Bleeze - blind
Bleezing - blazing
Blellum - an idle talking fellow
Blether - to talk idly, nonsense
Bleth'rin' - talking idly
Blinker - a term of contempt
Blinkin' - smirking
Blue-gown - one of those beggars who got annualy, on the king's birth-day, a blue cloak or gown, with a badge
Bluid - blood
Bluntie - a sniveller, a stupid person
Bobbit - made obeisance
Bock - to vomit, to bush intermittently
Bocked - gushed, vomited
Bodle - a small gold coin
Bogie - a morass
Bogles - spirits, hobgoblins
Bonnie - handsome, beautiful
Boord - a board
Boortree - the shrub elder, planted much of old in hedges of barn-yards, etc.
Bore - a hole in the wall
Botch or Blotch - an angry tumour
Bouk or Bowk - body
Bousing - drinking
Bow-kail - cabbage
Bowt - bended, crooked
Brackens or Breckan - fern
Brae - declivity, a precipice, the slope of a hill
Braid - broad
Braik - a kind of harrow
Braing't - reeled forward
Brak - broke, made insolvent
Brankie - gaudy
Branks - a kind of wooden curb for horses
Brattle - a short race, hurry, fury
Braw - fine, handsome
Brawly or Brawlie - very well, finely, heartily
Breastie - diminutive of breast
Breeks - breeches
Brent - smooth
Brewin' - brewing
Brie or Bree - juice, liquid
Brig - a bridge
Brisket - the breast, the bosom
Brither - a brother
Brock - a badger
Broo - broth, liquid
Broose - a race at country weddings, who shall first reach the bridegroom's house on returning from church
Brose - a kind of pottage
Browster-wives - ale-house wives
Brugh - a burgh
Bruilzie - a broil, a combustion
Brunstane - brimstone
Brunt - did burn, burnt
Brust - to burst, burst
Buchan-bullers - the boiling of the sea among the rocks of Buchan
Bught - a pen
Bughtin'-time - the time of collecting the sheep in the pens to be milked
Buirdly - stout made, broad built
Bum-clock - a humming bettle that flies in the summer evenings
Bumming - humming as bees
Bummle - to blunder
Bummler - a blunderer
Bunker - a window-seat
Burdies - diminutive of birds
Bure - did bear
Burn - a rivulet
Burnie - diminutive of burn
Burr-thistle - the thistle of scotland
Buskie - bushy
Buskit - dressed
Busks - dresses
Buss - shelter
Bussle - a bustle to bustle
But an' ben - the country kitchen and parlour
But - bot, with, without
By himsel - lunatic, distracted
Byke - a bee-hive
Byre - a cow-stable, a sheep-pen

Page up         Page down






Cadger - a carrier
Cadie or Caddie - a person, a young fellow
Caff - chaff
Calf-ward - a small inclosure for calves
Callan or Callant - a boy
Caller - fresh, sound, refreshing
Cannie - gentle, mild, dexterous
Cannilie - dexterously, gently
Cantie or canty - cheerful, merry
Cantraip - a charm, a spell
Careerin' - cheerfully
Carl or Carle - an old man
Carlin - a stout old woman
Cartes - cards
Castock or custock - a stalk of cabbage
Caudron - a caldron
Cauk or keel - chalk and red clay
Cauld - cold
Caup - a wooden drinking vessel
Cesses - taxes
Chauter - a part of a bagpipe
Chap - a person, a fellow, a blow
Chaup - a stroke, a blow
Cheekit - Cheeked
Cheep - a chirp, to chirp
Chiel or cheal - a young fellow
Chimla or chimlie - a fire-grate, a fire-place
Chimla-lug - the fireside
Chittering - shivering, trembling
Chockin' - choking
Chow - to chew. Cheek for chow, side by side
Clachan - a small village about a church, a hamlet
Claise or claes - clothes
Claith - cloth
Claithing - clothing
Clap - clapper of a mill
Clarkit - wrote
Clash - an idle tale, the story of the day
Clatter - to tell idle stories, an idle story
Claught - snatched at, laid hold of
Claut - to clean, to scrape
Clauted - scraped
Clavers - idle stories
Claw - to scratch
Cleed - to clothe
Cleeds - clothes
Cleekit - having caught
Clinkin' - jerking, clinking
Clinkumbell - he who rings the church bell
Clips - shears
Clishmaclaver - idle conversation
Clock - to hatch, a beetle
Clockin' - hatching
Cloot - the hoof of a cow, sheep, etc.
Clootie - an old name for the devil
Clour - a bump or swelling after a blow
Cluds - clouds
Coaxin' - wheedling
Coble - a fishing boat
Cockernony - a lock of hair tied upon a girl's head, cap
Coft - bought
Coggie - diminutive of cog
Collieshangie - quarrelling, an uproar
Commaun' - command
Cood - the cud
Coof - a blockhead, a ninny
Cookit - appeared and disappeared by fits
Coost - did cast
Corbies - a species of the crow
Core - corps, party, clan
Corn't - fed with oats
Cottar - the inhabitant of a cot-house, or a cottager
Couthie - kind, loving
Cove - a cave
Cowe - to terrify, to keep under, to lop, fright, a branch of furze, broom, etc.
Cowp - to barter, to tumble over, a gang
Cowpit - tumbled
Cowrin' - cowering
Cowt - a colt
Cozie - anug
Cozily - snugly
Crabbit - crabbed, fretful
Crackin' - conversing
Craft or croft - a field near a house (in old husbandry)
Craiks - cries or calls incessantly, a bird
Crambo-clink or crambo-jingle - rhymes, doggrel verses
Crap - a crop, to crop
Craw - a crow of a cock, a rook
Creel - a basket. To have one's wits in a creel, to be crazed, to be fascinated.
Creeshie - greasy
Crood or Croud - to coo as a dove
Crooning - humming
Crouse - cheerful, courageous
Crowdie - a composition of oatmeal and boiling water, sometimes from the broth of beef, mutten, etc.
Crowdie-time - breakfast time
Crummock or crummet - a cow with crooked horns
Crump - hard and brittle (spoken of bread)
Crunt - a blow on the head with a cudgel
Cuif - a blockhead, a ninny
Curchie - a courtesy
Curler - a player at a game on the ice, practised in Scotland, called curling
Curlie - curled, who's hair falls naturally in ringlets
Curling - a well-known game on the ice
Curmurring - murmuring, a slight rumbling noise
Cushat - the dove, or wood-pigeon
Cutty - short, broken in the middle

Page up         Page down






Daddie - a father
Daffin - merriment, foolishness
Daft - merry, giddy, foolish
Dainty - pleasant, good-humoured, agreeable
Daise or Daez - to stupefy
Dales - plains, valleys
Darklins - darkling
Daur - to dare
Daurt - dared
Davoc - David
Dawtit or dawtet - fondled, caressed
Dearies - diminutive of dears
Dearthfu' - dear
Deave - to deafen
Deil-ma-care - no matter, for all that
Descrive - to describe
Dight - to wipe, to clean corn from chaff
Dight - cleaned from chaff
Ding - to worst, to push
Dink - neat, tidy, trim
Dinna - do not
Dirl - a slight tremulous stroke or pain
Dizen or Dizz'n - a dozen
Doited - stupefied, silly from old age
Dolt - stupefied, crazed
Dool - sorrow. To sing dool, to lament, to mourn
Doos - doves
Dorty - saucy, nice
Douce or douse - sober, wise, prudent
Doucely - soberly, prudently
Dour or Din - sullen, sallow
Doure - stout, durable, sullen, stubborn
Dowff - pithless, wanting force
Downa - am or are not able, cannot
Dozent - stupefied, impotent
Draigle - to soil by trailing, to draggle among wet, etc.
Drap - a drop, to drop
Drapping - dropping
Draunting - drawling, of a slow enunciation
Dreep - to ooze, to drop
Dreigh - tedious, long about it
Dribble - drizzling, slaver
Drift - a drove Droddum - the breech
Drone - part of a bagpipe
Drookit - wet
Droop-rumpl't - that droops at the crupper
Drounting - drawling
Drouth - thirst, drought
Drucken - drunken
Drumly - muddy
Dub - a small pond
Duddie - ragged; clothes
Dung - worsted, pushed, driven
Dunted - beaten, boxed
Dusht - pushed by a ram, ox, etc.

Page up         Page down





E'e - the eye E'e bree eyebrow
Een - the eyes
E'ening - evening
Elbuck - the elbow
Eller - an elder, or church-officer
En' - end
Enbrugh - Edinburgh
Eneugh - enough
Especial - especially
Ettle - to try, to attempt

Page up         Page down






Faddom't - fathomed
Fae - a foe
Faiket - unknown
Fairin' - a fairing, a present
Fallow - fellow
Fand - did find
Farl - a cake of oaten bread, etc.
Fa's - does fall, waterfalls
Fash - trouble, care, to trouble, to care for Fashious - troublesome
Fasht - troubled
Fasteren-e'en - fasten's even
Faught - fight
Fauld - a fold, to fold
Faulding - folding
Faut - fault
Faute - want, lack
Feal - a field, smooth
Fearfu' - frightful
Feart - frighted
Feat - neat, spruce
Fechtin' - fighting
Feck - many, plenty
Fecket - an under-waistcoat with sleeves
Feckfu' - large, brawny, stout
Feckless - puny, weak, silly
Feckly - weakly
Feg - a fig
Feide - feud, enmity
Feirrie - stout, vigorous, healthy
Fell - keen, biting, the flesh immediately under the skin, a field pretty level, on the side or top of a hill
Felly - relentless
Fen - successful struggle, fight
Fend - to live comfortably
Fetch - to pull by fits
Fetch't - pulled intermittently
Fidge - to fidget
Fiel - soft, smooth
Fient - fiend, a petty oath
Fier - sound, healthy, a brother, a friend
Fissle - to make a rustling noise, to fidget, a bustle
Fit - a foot
Fizz - to make a hissing noise, like fermentation
Flainen - flannel
Fleech - to supplicate in a flattering manne
r Fleech'd - supplicated
Fleechin - supplicating
Fleg - a kick, a random stroke
Flether - to decoy by fair words
Fletherin - flethers, flattering
Flinders - shreds, broken pieces, splinters
Flinging-tree - a piece of timber hung by way of partition between two horses in a stable, a flail
Flitter - to vibrate like the wings of small birds Flittering - fluttering, vibrating
Flyte - scold
Fodgel - squat and plump
Foord - a ford
Forbye - besides
Forfairn - distressed, worn out, jaded
Forfoughten - fatigued
Forgather - to meet, to encounter with
Forgie - to forgive
Fother - fodder
Foughten - troubled, harassed
Fouth - plenty, enough or more than enough
Fow - a bushel, etc. also a pitchfork
Frae - from, off
Frammit - strange, estranged from, at enmity with
Frien' - friend
Fu' - full
Fud - the scut or tail of the hare, cony, etc.
Funnie - full of merriment
Fur - a furrow
Fur-ahin - the hindmost horse on the right hand when ploughing
Furder - farther
Furm - a form, bench
Fyke - trifling cares, to peddle, to be in a fuss about trifles

Page up         Page down






Gaberlunzie - an old man
Gadsman - a plough boy, the boy that drives the horses in the plough
Gae - to go. Gaed went Gaen or gane gone
Gaun - going
Gailie - pretty well
Gairs - triangler pieces of cloth sewed on the bottom of a gown, etc.
Gang - to go, to walk
Gangrel - a wandering person
Gar - to make, to force to
Gart - forced to
Garten - garter
Gashin - conversing
Gawsie - jolly, large
Gaud - a plough
Gaudsman - one who drives the horses in ploughing
Gaunted - yawned, longed
Gear - riches, goods of any kind
Ged - a pike
Gentles - great folks, gentry
Genty - elegantly-formed, neat
Geordie - a guinea
Get - a child, a spoiled, petted young one
Ghaist - a ghost
Gie - to give Gied gave Gien given
Giftie - diminutive of gift
Giglets - playful girls
Gillie - diminutive of gill
Gimmer - a ewe from one to two years old
Gin - if, against
Gipsey - a young girl
Girdle - a-round iron plate to toast cakes
Girn - to grin, to twist the features in rage, agony, etc.
Girning - grinning
Gawky - half-witted, foolish, romping
Glaiket - inattentive, foolish
Glaive - a sword
Glaum - to snatch greedily
Glaum'd - aimed, snatched
Gleck - sharp, ready
Gleg - sharp, ready
Gleib - glebe
Glen - a dale, a deep valley
Gley - a squint; to squint. A-gley off at a side, wrong
Gleyde - an old horse
Glib-gabbet - smooth and ready in speech
Glinted - peeped
Glintin - peeping
Gloamin - the twilight
Glowr - to stare, to look; a stare, a look
Goavan - looking round with a strange, inquiring gaze, staring stupidly
Gorcocks - redgame, or moorcock
Gowan - the flower of the wild daisy, hawkweed, etc.
Gowany - daisied, abounding with daisies
Gowd - gold
Gowff - the game of golf; to strike as the bat does the ball at golf
Gowff'd - struck
Gowk - a cuckoo; a term of contempt
Gowl - to howl
Grain'd and Gaunted - groaned and grunted
Graining - groaning
Graip - a pronged instrument for cleaning stables
Graith - accoutrements, furniture, dress, gear
Grane or Grain - a groan, to groan
Grannie - grandmother
Grape - grope
Grapit - groped
Grat - wept, shed tears
Great - intimate, familiar
Gree - to agree. To bear the greeto be decidedy victor
Gree't - agreed
Greet - to shed tears, to weep
Greetin - crying, weeping
Grien - longing
Grieves - stewards
Grippet - catched, seized
Groanin'-maut - drink for gossips at a lying-in
Groat - to get the whistle of one's groat, to play a losing game
Grozet - a gooseberry
Grumph - a grunt, to grunt
Grumphie - a sow
Grun' - ground
Grunstane - a grindstone
Grunzie - mouth
Gude - the Supreme Being; good
Guid - good
Guidfather, Guidmother - fater-in-law, mother-in-law
Guidman and guidwife - the master and mistress of the house. Young guidman a man newly married
Guid-willie - liberal, cordial
Gumlie - muddy
Gully or gullie - a large knife
Gusty - tasteful
Gutcher - grandsire
Gut-scraper - a fiddler

Page up         Page down






Ha'Bible - the great Bible that lies in the hall
Haddin' - home
Hae - to have
Haen - had (the participle)
Haet, fient haet - a petty oath of negation, nothing
Haffet - the temple, the side of the head
Hafflins - nearly half, partly
Hag - a scar, or gulf in mosses and moors
Haggis - a kind of pudding boiled in the stomach of a cow or sheep
Hain'd - spared
Hairst - harvest
Haith - a petty oath
Haivers - nonsense, speaking without thought
Hale or haill - whole, tight, healthy
Hallan - a particular partition-wall in a cottage, or more properly, a seat of turf at the outside
Hallowmas, Hallow-eve - the 31st of October
Haly - holy
Hame - home
Hamely - homely, affable
Han' or haun' - hand
Hansel - the first money received
Hap - an outer garment, mantle, plaid, etc.; to wrap, to cover, to hop
Happer - a hopper
Happing - hopping
Hap - step, an'loup, hop, skip, and leap
Harkit - hearkened
Harn - very coarse linen
Hastit - hastened
Hastie or histie - dry, chapped, barren
Haud - to hold
Haughs - low-lying rich lands, valleys
Haurlin - peeling
Havins - good manners, decorum, good sense
Hawkie - a cow, properly one with a white face
Healsome - healthful, wholesome
Heapit - heaped
Hearse - hoarse
Hear't - hearit
Heather - heath
Hech! - Oh! Strange!
Heckle - a board in which are fixed a number of sharp pins, used in dressing hemp, flax, etc.
Hee balou - words used to sooth a child
Heeze - to elevate, to raise
Helm - the rudder or helm
Herrin - a herring
Herry - to plunder; most properly to plunder birds' nests
Herryment - plundering, devastation
Hersel - herself; also a herd of cattle of any sort
Het - hot
Hilch - a hobble, to halt
Hilchin - halting
Himsel - himself
Hiney - honey
Hing - hang
Hirple - to walk crazily, to creep
Hissel or hessel - so many cattle as one person can attend
Hitch or Hitcht - a loop, a knot
Hizzie - a hussy, a young girl
Hoddin - the motion of a sage countryman riding on a cart-horse; humble
Hoddin-gray - coarse woollen cloth
Hoggie - a two-year-old sheep
Hog-score - a kind of distance line in curling, drawn across the rink
Hoodie-craw - a blood crow
Hool - outer skin or case; a nut shell, a peascod
Hoolie - slowly; leisurely
Hoolie! - take leisure, stop
Hoord - a hoard; to hoard
Hoordit - hoarded
Horn - a spoon made of horn
Hornie - one of the many names of the devil
Hostin' - coughing
Hosts - coughs
Hotch'd - turned topsyturvy; blended, mixed
Houlet - an owl
Housie - diminutive of a house
Hove - to heave, to swell
Hoved - heaved, swelled
Howbackit - sunk in the back, spoken of a horse, etc.
Howdie - a midwife
Howe - hollow; a hollow or dell
Howff - a tippling house, a house of resort
Howkin - digging
Howkit - digged
Howlet - an owl
Hoy - to urge
Hoyse - to pull upwards
Hoyte - to amble crazily
Hughoc - diminutive of hugh
Hums and hankers - mumbles
Hurcheon - a hedgehog
Hurdies - the loins; the crupper
Hushion or hoshen - a cushion

Page up         Page down






I' - in
Ilk or ilka - each, every
Ill-willie - ill-natured, malicious, niggardly
Ingine - genius, ingenuity
Ingle - fire; fire-place
Ingle-low - light from the fire
I'se - I shall or will
Ither - other; one another

Page up         Page down






Jad - jade; also a familiar term among country folks for a
         giddy young girl

Jaukin' - trifling, dallying
Jauner - to talk idly
Jaup - a jerk of water; to jerk as agitated water
Jaw - coarse raillery; to pour out; to shut; to jerk as
         water

Jerkinet - a jerkin, or short gown
Jillet - a jilt, a giddy girl
Jimp - to jump; slender in the waist; handsome
Jimps - easy stays
Jink - to dodge, to turn a corner, a sudden turning; a
         corner

Jink and diddle - move to music like a fiddler's elbow
Jinker - that turns quickly; a gay sprightly girl; a wag
Jinkin' - dodging
Jirk - a jerk
Jow - to jow; a verb which includes both the swinging
         motion and pealing sound of a large bell

Page up         Page down






Kail - colewort; a kind of broth
Kail-runt - the stem of colewort
Kain - fowls, etc., paid as rent by a farmer
Kebbuck - a cheese
Keckle - to giggle, to titter
Keek - a peep; to peep
Kelpies - a sort of mischievous spirits, said to haunt ford and ferries at night, especially in storms
Ken - to know
Kend or Kenn'd - knew
Kennin - a small matter
Kenspeckle - well known, easily known
Ket - matted, hairy; a fleece of wool
Kilt - to truss up the clothes
Kimmer - a young girl, a gossip
Kin - kindred
Kin' - kind (adjective)
King's-hood - a certain part of the entrails of an ox, etc.
Kintra - country
Kintra cooser - country stallion
Kirn - the harvest supper, a churn
Kist - a chest; a shop counter
Kitchen - anything that eats with bread; to serve for soup, gravy, etc.
Kith - kindred
Kittle - to tickle; ticklish, lively, apt
Kittlin - a young cat
Kiuttlin' - cuddling
Knaggie - like knags, or points of rocks
Knap - to strike smartly; a smart blow
Knappin'-hammer - a hammer for breaking stones
Knowe - a small round hillock
Knurl - a dwarf
Knurlin' - crooked but strong
Kye - cows
Kyte - the belly
Kythe - to discover; to show one's self

Page up         Page down






Labour - thrash
Laddie - diminutive of lad
Laigh - low
Lairing - wading and sinking in snow, mud, etc.
Laith - loath
Lallans - the Scottish dialect of the English language
Lambie - diminutive of lamb
Lammas moon - harvest moon
Lampit - a kind of shell-fish, a limpet
Lan' - land; estate
Lan'-afore - foremost horse in the plough
Lan'-ahan - hindmost horse in the plough
Lane - lone. My lane, thy lane myself alone, thyself alone
Lanely - lonely
Lang - long. To think lang to long, to weary
Lap - did leap
Lave - the rest, the remainder, the others
Laverock - the lark
Lawin - shot, reckoning, bill
Lawlan - lowland
Lay my dead - attribute my death
Lea'e - to leave
Lea-rig - grassy ridge
Lear [pronounced lare] - learning
Lee-lang - live-long
Leesome - pleasant
Leisler - a three-pronged dart for striking fish
Leugh - did laugh
Leuk - a look; to look
Libbet - gelded
Lift - the sky
Lightly or Lichtly - sneeringly; to sneer at
Lilt - a ballad, a tune; to sing
Limp't - limped, hobbled
Limpet - a kind of shell-fish
Linkin' - tripping
Linn - a waterfall; a precipice
Lint - flax Lint I' the bell flax in flower
Lintwhite - a linnet
Loan or Loanin - the place of milking
Loof - the palm of the hand
Looves - plural of loof
Loun - a fellow, a ragamuffin; a woman of casy virtue
Loup - jump, leap
Lowin' - flaming
Lowrie - abbreviation of Lawrence
Lowse - to loose
Lows'd - loosed
Lug - the ear; a handle
Lugget - having a handle
Lum - the chimney
Lunch - a large piece of cheese, flesh, etc.
Luntin' - smoking


Page up         Page down




Mae - more
Maggots' meat - food for worms
Mahoun - Satan
Mailen - a farm
Mair - more
Maist - most, almost
Maistly - mostly
Mak - to make
Makin' - making
Mallie - Molly
Mang - among
Manse - the parsonage house, where the minister lives
Mark - marks (this and several other nouns, which in
         English, require an s to form the plural, are in
         Scotch, like the words sheep, deer, the same in
         both numbers)
Marled - variegated, spotted
Mar's year - the year 1715
Martial chuck - the soldier's camp companion
Mashlum - meslin, mixed corn
Mask - to mash, as malt
Maskin'-pat - a teapot
Maud, maad - a plaid worn by shepherds, etc.
Maukin - a hare
Maun - must
Maut - malt
Mavis - the thrush
Maw - mow
Mawin' - mowing
Mawn - a small basket
Meere - a mare
Meikle or meickle - much
Melancholious - mournful
Melder - corn or grain of any kind, sent to the mill to be
         ground
Mell - a mallet for pounding barely in a stone trough
Melvie - to soil with meal
Men' - mend
Menseless - ill-bred, rude, impudent
Messin - a small dog
Midden - a dunghill
Midden-creels - baskets for manure
Midden-hole - a gutter at the bottom of a dunghill
Mim - prim, affectedly meek
Min' - mind, resemblance
Minawae - minuet
Mind't - mind it; resolved, intending
Minnie - mother, dam
Mirk - mirkest, dark, darkest
Misca' - to abuse, to call names
Misca'd - abused
Mischanter - mishap
Mislear'd - mischievous, unmannerly
Misteuk - mistook
Mither - a mother
Mixtie-Maxtie - confusedly mixed
Moistify - to moisten
Mons-meg - a large piece of ordnance
Mony or monie - many
Mools - dust, earth, the earth of the grave. To rake the
         mools; to lay in the dust
Moorlan' - of or belonging to moors
Morn - the next day, to-morrow
Mou - the mouth
Moudiwort or modewurk - a mole
Mousie - diminutive of a mouse
Muses'-stank - muses' rill
Mutchkin - an English pint
Mysel - myself

Page up         Page down






Na - no, not nor
Nae - no, not any
Naething or naithing - nothing
Naig - a horse
Nane - none
Nappy - ale; to be tipsy
Neglekit - neglected
Neibor or neebor - neighbour
Neuk - a nook
Niest - next
Nievefu' - handful
Niffer - an exchange; to exchange, to barter
Niger - a negro
Nine-tailed-cat - a hangman's whip
Nit - a nut
Norland - of or belonging to the north
Notic't - noticed

Page up         Page down






O' - of
O haith - O faith! an oath
Ony or onie - any
Or - is often used for ere, before
Ora or Orra - supernumerary, that can be spared
Orra-duddies - superfluous rags
O't - of it
Ourie - shivering, drooping
Oursel or oursels - ourselves
Outlers - cattle not housed
Oure-hip - a way of fetching a blow with the hammmer over the arm
Owsen - oxen
Oxtered - taken under the arm

Page up         Page down






Pack - twelve stone of wool
Paidle - to wander aimlessly
Paitrick - a partridge
Parle - speech; courtship
Parritch - oatmeal pudding, a well-known Scotch dish
Pat - did put; a pot
Pauky or Pawkie - cunning, sly
Pay't - paid; beat
Peat-reek - smoke of turf; whiskey
Pech - to fetch the breadth short, as in an asthma
Peelin' - peeling, the rind of fruit
Pet - a domesticated sheep, etc.
Pettle - to cherish; a plough-staff
Philabegs or philabeg - short petticoats worn by the Highlandmen
Phraise - fair speeches, flatery; to flatter
Phraisin' - flattery
Pibroch - Highland war music adapted to the bagpipe
Pickle - a small quantity
Pine - pain, uneasiness
Pingle - to work assiduously; a small tin pan for children's food
Pit - to put
Placad - public proclamation
Plack - an old Scotch coin, the third part of a Scotch penny, twelve of which make an English penny
Packless - penniless; without money
Plaidie - diminutive of plaid
Platie - diminutive of plate
Plew or pleugh - a plough
Poind - to seize cattle or goods for rent, as the laws of Scotland allowed
Poortith - poverty
Posie - nosegay
Pou - to pull
Pouk - to pluck
Poussie - a hare, or cat
Pout - a poult, a chick
Pou't - did pull
Pow - the head, the skull
Pownie - a little horse
Powther or pouther - powder
Powthery - like powder
Preen - a pin
Prent - to print; print
Prie - to taste
Prig - to cheapen; to dispute
Propone - to lay down, to propose
Provoses - provosts
Puddock-stool - a mushroom, fungus
Pund - pound, pounds
Pyet - a magpie
Pyle - A pyle o'caff a single grain of chaff
Pystle - a letter


Page up         Page down






Quak - to quake
Quech or quaigh - a shallow drinking cup
Quere - quire, choir
Quey - a cow from one to two years old

Page up         Page down






Ragweed - the herb ragwort
Rair - to roar
Raize - to madden, inflame
Rampin' - raging
Randie - a scold
Rantin' - rattling, joyous
Raploch - properly a coarse cloth; but used as an adnoun for coarse
Rarely - excellently, very well
Rash - a rush
Rash-bush - a bush of rushes
Ratton - a rat
Raw - a row
Rax - to stretch
Ream - cream; to cream
Reamin' - brimful, frothing
Reave - rove
Red-wat-shod - walking in blood over the shoe tops
Red-wud - stark mad
Ree - half drunk, fuddled
Reek - smoke
Reekin' - smoking
Reekit - smoked, smoky
Remead - remedy
Requite - requited
Rest - to stand restive
Restit - stood restive; stunted, withered
Restricked - restircted
Rew - to repent, to compassionate
Rief - reef, plenty
Rief randies - sturdy beggars
Rig - ridge
Rigwiddie or rigwoodie - the rope or chain that crosses the saddle of the horse to support the spokes of a cart; spare, withered, sapless
Rin - to run, to melt
Rink - the course of the stones; a term in curling on ice
Rinnin' - running
Ripples - pains in the back and limbs
Ripplin-kame - comb for dressing flax
Riskit - made a noise like the tearing of roots
Rockin' - spinning on the rock or distaff
Rood - redness; srtong; the cross Stands likewise for the plural, roods.
Roon - a shred, a border or selvage
Roose - to praise, to commend
Roosty - rusty
Roun' - round, in the circle of neighbourhood
Roup - sale by auction
Routhie - plentiful
Row - to roll, to wrap
Row't - rolled, wrapped
Rowth or routh - plenty
Rowtin' - lowing
Rozet - Rumble-gumption, rude good sense
Rung - a cudgel
Runkled - wrinkled
Runt - the stem of colewort or cabbage
Ruth - a woman's name; the booked so called; sorrow
Ryke - to reach

Page up         Page down






Sae - so
Saft - soft
Sair - to serve; a sore
Sairly or sarlie - sorley
Sair't - served
Sark - a shirt; a shift
Sarkit - provided in shirts
Saugh - the willow
Saul - soul
Saumont - salmon
Saut - salt
Saw - to sow
Sawin' - sowing
Sax - six
Scaith - to damage, to injure; injury
Scar or scaur - a cliff
Scaud - to scald
Scauld - to scold
Scaur - apt to be scared
Scon - a cake of bread
Scraich or screigh - to scream as a hen, partridge, etc.
Scrievin' - gleesomely, swiftly
Scrimpet - did scant, scanty
Scroggie - bushy
See'd - did see
Seizin' - seizing
Sel - self A body's sel one's self alone
Sell't - did sell
Sen' - send
Sen't - I, etc, sent, or did send it; send it
Servan' - servant
Settlin' - settling To get a settlin' to be frightened into quietness
Sets - sets off, goes away
Shachled - distorted, shapeless
Shaird - a shred, a shard
Shangan - a stick cleft at one end for putting the tail of a dog, etc., into, by way of mischief, or to frighten him away
Shavie - an ill turn
Sheepshank - to think one's self nae sheepshank, to be conceited
Sherra-moor - Sheriffmoor, the famous battle fought in the rebellion, A.D. 1715
Sheugh - a ditch, a trench, a sluice
Shiel or shealing - a shed
Shill - shrill
Shog - a shock; a push off at one side
Shoo - to fit
Shool - a shovel
Shoon - shoes
Shore - to offer, to threaten
Shor'd - offered
Shouther - the shoulder
Shure - did shear, shore
Sic - such
Sicker - sure, steady
Sidelins - sidelong, slanting
Silken snood - a silk fillet, token of virginity
Siller - silver, money
Simmer - summer
Sin - a son
Sin' - since
Sin' syne - since then
Skaith - (see Scaith)
Skellum - a worthless fellow Skelp - to strike, to slap; to walk with a smart tripping step; a smart stroke
Skelpie-limmer - a reproachful term in female scolding
Skelpin' - stepping, walking
Skinklin - a small portion
Skirling - shrieking, crying
Skirl't - shrieked
Sklented - ran, or hit in an oblique direction
Skouth - freedom to converse without restraint; range, scope
Skyrin - shining; making a great show
Skyte - force, very forcible motion
Slade - slide
Slae - a sloe
Slap - a gate; a breach in a fence
Slaw - slow
Slee - sly Sleest sliest
Sleekit - sleek, sly
Sliddery - slippery
Slip-shod - smooth-shod; without stockings
Sloken - quenched
Slypet - fell
Sma' - small
Smiddy - a smithy
Smoor - to smother
Smoor'd - smothered
Smoutie - smutty, obscene, ugly
Snapper - to stumble; a stumble
Snaw - snow; to snow
Snaw-broo - melted snow
Snawie - snowy
Sneck or snick - the latch of a door
Sned - to lop, to cut off
Sned Besoms - to cut brooms
Sneeshin - snuff
Sneeshin-mill - a snuff-box
Snell - bitter, biting
Snick or sneck - a door latch
Snirtle - to laugh restrainedly
Snood - a ribbon for binding the hair
Snool - one whose spirit is broken with oppressive slavery; to submit tamely, to sneak
Snoove - to go smoothly and constantly; to sneak
Snowk - to scent or snuff, as a dog, etc.
Snowked - scented, snuffed
Sodyer - soldier
Sonsie - having sweet, engaging looks; lucky, jolly
Soom - swim
Sooth - truth; a petty oath
Sough - a heavy sigh, a sound dying on the ear
Souple - flexible, swift
Souter - a shoemaker
Souther or sowther - solder
Southron - Suthern, an old name for the English nation
Sowens - a dish made of oatmeal; the seeds of oatmeal soured, etc., flummery
Sowp - a spoonful, a small quantity of anything liquid
Sowth - to try over a tune with a low whistle
Spae - to prophesy, to divine
Spails - chips
Spaul - a limb
Spaviet - having the spavin
Spean or spane - to wean
Speat or spate - a sweeping torrent, after rain or thaw
Speel - to climb
Spence - the country parlour
Spier - to ask; to inquire
Splatter - to splutter, a splutter
Spleughan - a tobacco-pouch
Sprackle - to clamber; to climb with difficulty
Sprattle - to scramble
Spreckled - spotted, speckled
Spring - a quick air in music; a scottish reel
Sprit - a tough rooted plant; something like rushes
Spunk - fire, mettle, wit
Spurtle - a stick used in making oatmeal pudding or porridge
Squad - a crew, a party
Squattle - to sprawl
Squeel - a scream, a screech; to scream
Stacher - to stagger
Stack - a rick of corn, hay, etc.
Staig - a two-year old horse
Stalwart - strong, stout
Stan' - to stand Stan't did stand
Stane - stand
Stang - an acute pain, a twinge; to sting
Stap - stop
Stark - stout
Startle - to run as cattle stung by the gad-fly
Staukin' - walking, disdainfully
Staumrel - a blockhead; half-witted
Staw - did steal; to surfeit
Stechin' - cramming
Steek - to shut; a stitch
Steer - to molest; to stir
Stell - a still
Sten't - reared
Stents - tribute; dues of any kind
Stey - steep Steyest steepest
Stick an' stow - totally, altogether
Stilt - a crutch; to halt, to limp
Stimpart - the eighth part of a Winchester bushel
Stirk - a cow or a bullock a year old
Stock - a plant or root of colewort, cabbage, etc.
Stockin' - a stocking Throwing the stockin' when the bride and bridegroom are put into bed, and the candle out, the former throws a stocking at random among the company, and the person whom it strikes is the next that will be married
Stoiter - to stagger, tostammer
Stooked - made up in shocks as corn
Stoor - sounding hollow, strong, and hoarse
Stot - an ox
Stoup or stowp - a kind of jug or dish with a handle
Stoure - dust, more particularily dust in motion
Stowlins - by stealth
Stown - stolen
Stoyte - to stumble
Strack - did strike
Strae - straw To die a fair strae death, to die in bed.
Straik - did strike
Straikit - stroked
Strappin' - tall and handsome
Straught - straight, to straughten
Streek - stretched tight; to stretch
Striddle - straddle
Stroup - the spout
Strunt - spirituous liquor of any kind; to walk sturdily; huff, sullenness
Studdie - an anvil
Stuff - corn or pulse of any kind
Stumpie - diminutive of stump
Sturt - trouble; to molest
Sturtin' - frighted
Styme - a glimmer
Sucker - sugar
Sud - should
Sugh or saigh - the continued rushing noise of wind or water
Sumph - a soft, stupid fellow
Swaird - sward
Swall'd - swelled
Swank - stately, jolly
Swankie or swanker - a tight, strapping young fellow or girl
Swap - an exchange, to barter
Swarf - to swoon, a swoon
Swat - did sweat
Swatch - a sample
Swats - drink, good ale
Sweaten - sweating
Sweer - lazy, averse. Dead sweer extremely averse
Swoor - swore, did swear
Swinge - to beat, to whip
Swirl - a curve, an eddying blast or pool, a knot in wood
Swirlie - knaggie, full of knots
Swither - to hesitate in choice, an irresolute wavering in choice
Syebow - a thick-necked leek

Page up         Page down






Tackets - a kind of nails for driving into the heels of shoes
Tae - a toe Three-tae'd, having three prongs
Tairge - a target
Tak - to take Takin' taking
Tamtallan - the name of a mountain
Tangle - a sea-weed
Tap - the top
Targe - to cross-question
Tarry-breeks - a sailor
Tassie - a small drinking-cup
Tauld or Tald - told
Taupie - a foolish, thoughtless young person
Tedding - spreading after the mower
Teen - to provoke, provocation
Teethless bawtie - toothless cur
Ten-hours'bite - a slight feed to the horses while in the yoke, in the forenoon
Tent - a field pulpit; heed, caution; to take heed; to tend or herd cattle
Tentie - heedful, cautious
Tentless - heedless
Teugh - tough
Thack - thatch
Thae - these
Thairms - small guts; fiddle-strings
Thankit - thanked
Theekit - thatched
Thegither - together
Themsel - themselves
Thick - intimate, familiar
Thieveless - cold, dry, spited; spoken of a person's demeanour
Thigger - one who seeks alms
Thirl - thrill
Thirled - thrilled, vibrated
Thole - to suffer, to endure
Thrang - throng, a crowd
Thrapple - throat, windpipe
Thrave - twenty-four sheaves, or two shocks of corn; a considerable number
Thraw - to sprain, to twist, to contradict
Thrawin' - twisting, etc.
Thrawn - sprained, twisted, contradicted
Threap - to maintain by dint of assertion
Threshin' - thrashing
Threteen - thirteen
Thristle - thistle
Through - to go on with, to make out
Throuther - pell-mell, confusedly
Thrum - the thread at the end of a web
Thud - to make a loud, intermittent noise
Thumpit - thumped
Theysel - thyself
Till't - to it
Timmer - timber
Tine - to lose or Tint lost
Tinkler - a tinker
Tint the gate - lost the way
Tip - a ram
Tippence - twopence
Tirlin' - uncovering
Tither - the other
Tittle - to whispe
r Tittlin' - whispering
Tocher - marriage portion
Tod - a fox
Toddle - to totter, like the walk of a child
Toddlin' - tottering
Too-fa' - a building added
Toom - empty, to empty
Toop - a ram
Tosie - warm and ruddy
Toss - a toast
Toun - a hamlet, a farm-house
Tout - the blast of a horn or trumpet; to blow a horn, etc.
Touzle - to ruffle
Tow - a rope
Towmond - a twelvemonth
Towzie - rough, shaggy
Toy - a very old fashion of female head-dress
Transmugrified - transmigrated, metamorphosed
Trews - trowers
Trickie - full of tricks
Trig - spruce, neat
Trimly - excellently
Trinklin' - trickling
Trinle or trintle - the wheel of a barrow; to roll
Trow - to believe
Trowth - truth, a petty oath
Tryste - an appointment; a fair
Trysted - appointed, To tryste, to make an appointment
Try't - tried
Tug - raw hide, of which in old times plough traces were
         frequently made

Tulzie - a quarrel, to quarrel, a fight
Twa - two
Twa-three - a few
'Twad - it would
Twal - twelve Twalpenny-worth a small quantity,
         a pennyworth: One penny English is twelve-pence
         Scotch coin

Twin - to part
Twistle - to twist
Tyke - a dog
Tysday - Tuesday

Page up         Page down





Unbacked - unsaddled
Unco - strange, uncouth; very, very great, prodigious
Uncos - news
Unfauld - unfold
Unkenned - unknown
Unsicker - unsure, unsteady
Unskaith'd - undamaged, unhurt
Unweeting - unwittingly, unknowingly
Upo' - upon
Urchin - a hedgehog

Page up         Page down





Vap'rin' - vapouring
Vauntie - joyous
Vera - very
Virl - a ring round a column, etc.
Vittle - corn of all kinds, food
Vogie - rain

Page up         Page down





Wa' - wall Wa's walls
Wabster - a weaver
Wad - would; to bet; a bet, a pledge
Wadna - would not
Wadset - a mortgage
Wae - woe, sorrowful
Waefu' - woful, sorrowful, wailing
Waefu'-woodie - hangman's rope
Waesucks or waes me! - alas! Oh the pity!
Waft - the cross thread that goes from the shuttle through the web; woof
Wale - choice; to choose
Waled - chose, chosen
Walie - ample, large, jolly; also an interjection of distress
Wame - the belly
Wamefu' - a bellyfull
Wanchancie - unlucky
Wanrestfu' - restless
Wark - work
Wark-lume - a tool to work with
Warl or Warld - world
Warld's Worm - a miser
Warlock - a wizard
Warly - worldly, eager on amassing wealth
Warran' - a warrant; to warrant
Warst - worst
Warstl'd or warsl'd - wrestled
Wastrie - prodigality
Wat - wet I wat I wot, I know
Wattle - a twig, a wand
Waught - a draught
Waukin' - waking
Waukrife - not apt to sleep
Waur - worse, to worst
Waur't - worsted
Wean or weanie - a child
Weary or wearie - many a weary body, many a different person
Weason - Weasand
Wee - little Wee things little ones Wee bit a small matter
Weeder-clips - tool for removing weeds
Weel - well Weelfare welfare
Weet - rain, wetness
Weird - fate
We'se - we shall
Wha - who
Whalpit - whelped
Whang - a leathern string; a piece of cheese, bread, etc.; to give the strappado
Whare - where Whare'er wherever
Whase - whose
Whatreck - nevertheless
Wheep - to fly nimbly, jerk Penny-wheep small beer
Whid - the motion of a hare, running but not frighted; a lie
Whiddin' - running as a hare or cony
Whigmeleeries - whims, fancies, crotchets
Whingin' - crying, complaining, fretting
Whirligiums - useless ornaments, trifling appendages
Whisht - silence To hold one's whisht to be silent
Whiskin' - sweeping
Whiskit - lashed
Whissle - a whistle; to whistle
Whitter - a hearty draught of liquor
Whittle - a knife
Whunstane - a whinstone
Whyles - Whiles, sometimes
Wi' - with
Wicht - wight, powerful, strong; inventive, of a superior genius
Wick - to strike a stone in an oblique direction; a term in curling
Wicker - willow (the smaller sort)
Widdifu - twisted; one who deserves hanging
Wifie - a diminutive or endearing term for wife
Wilyart - bashful and reserved; avoiding society, or appearing awkward in it; wild, strange, timid
Wimple - to meander
Whimpl't - meanered
Wimplin' - waving, meandering
Win - to win, to winnow
Win't - winded as a bottom of a yard
Win' - wind Win's winds
Winna - will not
Winnin' thread - putting thread into hanks
Winnock - a window
Winsome - hearty, vaunted, gay
Wiss - to wish
Withouten - without
Wizen'd - hide-bound, dried, shrunk
Wons - dwells
Woo' - wool
Woo - to court, to make love to
Woodie - a rope, more properly one made of withes or willows
Wordy - worthy
Worset - worsted
Wow - an exclamation of pleasure or wonder
Wraith - a spirit or ghost; an apparition exactly like a
         living person, whose appearance is said to forbode
         the person's approaching death

Wrang - wrong; to wrong
Wreeth - a drifted heap of snow
Wud - mad, distracted
Wumble - wimble
Wyle - to beguile
Wyliecoat - a flannel vest
Wyte - blame, to blame

Page up         Page down





Yad - an old mare, a worn-out horse
Yearlings - born in the same year, coevals
Yearn - earn; an eagle, an osprey
Yerk - to lash, to jerk
Yerkit - jerked, lashed
Yestreen - yesternight

Yett - a gate, such as is usually at the entrance into a
         farmyard or field
Yill - ale
Yin - lively
Yird - earth
Yokin' - yoking; a bout
Yont - beyond
Yoursel - yourself
Yowe - a ewe
Yowie - diminutive of yowe
Yule - Christmas

Page up         Page down


||— Contact GHLL —||— Policy Statements —||— Site Map —||
Go to: GHLL Home



















May 2, 2002— Aug, 13, 2012 = 1,517,267 visitors.

New Visitors:
    Free Web Counter    since Aug 14, 2012

Free Counters