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Ancestral (Archaic) Occupations             
Occupations (D to M)                 
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| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |

| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

    D

  • DAGUERREOTYPE ARTIST - early name for a photographer (from the Daguerreotype method)
  • DAIRYMAN - worker or owner of a dairy farm or seller of dairy products
  • DAMSTER - builder of dams for logging purposes
  • DANTER - female overseer in the winding rooms of a silk mill
  • DATELER / DAY MAN / DAYTALEMAN - casual worker, usually employed by the day
  • DEATHSMAN - executioner
  • DECIMER / DOZENER - elected by the householders in a street to act as their representative at the borough's Court Leet
  • DECOYMAN - employed to decoy the wild fowl, animals etc into a trap or within shooting range
  • DECRETIST - knowledgeable in decrees, decretals
  • DEEMER / DEEMSTER / DEMSTER / DEMPSTER - judge, usually in the Channel Isles or Isle of Man
  • DELVER - dug ditches
  • DEPATER - precious metal refiner
  • DEPUTY - safety officer for the pit crew in the mining industry
  • DERRICKMAN - worked on an oil well handling the tubes and rods used in drilling
  • DEVIL - printer's errand boy
  • DEVILLER - operated the devil, a machine that tore rags used in the textile industry
  • DEXTER - dyer
  • DEY WIFE - female dairy worker
  • DEXTER - dyer
  • DIKEMAN / DYKEMAN - hedger or ditcher
  • DIPPER - who worked in the pottery trade and was responsible for the glazing of items
  • DISHER / DISH THROWER - who made bowls and dishes
  • DISH TURNER - who made wooden bowls or dishes
  • DISTILLER - maker of alcoholic beverages
  • DISTRIBUTOR - parish official attached to the workhouse / poorhouse who looked after the secular néeds of the poor
  • DOCKER / DOCK WALLOPER - dock worker, longshoreman
  • DOCK MASTER - in charge of a dockyard
  • DOG LEECH - veterinarian
  • DOG-WHIPPER - drove dogs away in a village
  • DOMESMAN - judge
  • DOMESTIC - household servant
  • DONKEY BOY / DONKEY MAN - driver of a carriage for passengers
  • DOOR KEEPER - guard, janitor, or porter
  • DOUBLER - operated a machine used to twist together strands of fibre (cotton, wool etc)
  • DOWSER / DIVINER - water finder
  • DRAGMAN - fisher man who fished by dragging a net along the bottom of the water
  • DRAGOMAN - acted as interpreter or guide in Turkish or Arabic
  • DRAGSMAN - driver of a small stage coach or carriage used for public transport or private hire
  • DRAGOON - mounted infantryman
  • DRAINER - made drains
  • DRAPER - dealer in fabrics and sewing néeds
  • DRAWBOY - weavers assistant in the shawl making mills , they sat atop the looms and lifted the heavy warps.
  • DRAYMAN - cart driver
  • DREDGERMAN - one who in a boat to collect the bits and pieces that had fallen overboard from other vessels which then were sold (London occupation)
  • DRESSER - one who dresses another, surgeon's assistant and also one who operated a machine which prepared threads in the textile industry
  • DRESSING MACHINE MAKER - made sewing machines
  • DRIFT MAKERA - made drift nets, used in the fishing industry
  • DRIPPING MAN - dealer in dripping (the fat collected during the cooking of meats)
  • DRIVER - slave overseer
  • DROVER - sheep or cattle driver
  • DRUGGER - pharmacist
  • DRUMMER - traveling salesman
  • DRY SALTER - dealer in pickles, dried meats, and sauces or a dealer in dyes and colors used in the dying trade
  • DUBBERE - cloth dubber, i.e., one who raises the nap of cloth
  • DUFFER - peddler of cheap goods
  • DUSTMAN / DUSTBIN MAN - collected domestic refuse
  • DRY STONE WALLER (DRY STANE DYKER in Scottish) - built stone walls usually using the stones removed from the fields as building materials. The art was in not using any cement or mortar and generally not cutting the stone, but being able to see where variuos stones would fit together
  • DYER - employed in the textile mills to color fabric prior to weaving
  • DYKER - Scottish term for a stonemason





  •  

    E

  • EALDORMAN - n official of the shire courts who acted as the King's deputy taking payment from the profits of the court
  • EBONITE TURNER - one who worked with ebonite or vulcanite, making combs or ornaments etc
  • EARER - plowwman
  • EARTH STOPPER - one who plugs up animal holes
  • EGG FACTOR / EGGLER - egg or poultry dealer
  • ELEPHANTS TEETH DEALER - who dealt in ivory ornaments etc
  • ELLERMAN / ELLIMAN - who sold oil used for lamps and known as an oilman
  • ELYMAKER - oilmaker
  • EMBOSSER - who moulded or carved designs that were raised above the surface of the material
  • EMPRESARIO - land broker, settlement scheme promoter, showman
  • ENDHOLDERNN - inn keeper
  • ENGINEMAN - employed at a mine to be in charge of the machinery used to crush the ore
  • ENGINE TENTER - who operated the machine which stretched the cloth whilst drying in a woolllen mill
  • ENSIGN - commissioned officer in the navy
  • ENUMERATOR - who collected the information for the census from the householder and recorded it
  • EQUERRY - officer of the royal household usually responsible for the royal horses
  • EREMITE - hermit
  • ERITE - heretic
  • ESQUIRE - one who attended a knight, which later became a title for a man of standing in society
  • ESTAFETTE - mounted courier
  • EWE HERD - shepherd
  • EXCHEQUER - revenue collector
  • EXCISEMAN - excise tax collector
  • EXPRESSMAN - person employed in the express business
  • EYER - one who made eyes in néedles used for sewing. Sometimes called a Holer





  •  

    F

  • FABER - artisan or workman
  • FABRICATOR - maker
  • FACTOR - an agent employed by merchants to transact business of buying and selling and a Scottish term for the steward of an estate responsible for collection of land rents
  • FAGETTER - made up faggots into bundles, seller of firewood
  • FAKER - photographic assistant who added color to photographs by hand before color film was available
  • FALCONER - breeds, trains, or hunts with hawks
  • FANCY-PEARL WORKER - worked in mother-of-pearl making buttons or fancy goods
  • FANCY MAN - pimp
  • FANCY WOMAN - prostitute
  • FANNER - grain winnower
  • FANWRIGHT - maker and repairer of fans or winnowing baskets
  • FARANDMAN - traveling merchant
  • FARMER - often descendant of the gentry and, ultimately, noble classes; usually having servants and farm workers, e.g., husbandmen, groomsmen, etc
  • FARRIER / FERROUR - horse shoer or blacksmith
  • FAWKNER - trainer of falcons
  • FEAR-NOTHING MAKER - weaver of special kind of thick woollen cloth known as fear-nought, used for protective clothing and lining portholes, walls, and doors of powder magazines on board ships.
  • FEATHER BEATER / FEATHER DRIVER - cleanser of feathers
  • FEATHER-DRESSER - who cleaned and prepared feathers for sale
  • FEATHERMAN - dealer in feathers and plumes
  • FEATHER-WIFE - woman who prepared feathers for use
  • FEEDER - herdsman
  • FELLER - woodcutter
  • FELL MONGER - remover of hair or wool from hides in leather making
  • FELTER - worker in the hatting industry
  • FERONER - ironmonger
  • FERRETER - dealer in or manufacturer of ferret, ie. silk tape
  • FETTLER - cleaned the machinery in woollen mills, removing accumulated fibres, grease, etc., sharpened the fustian cutters knives or néedlemaker who filed the néedle to a point
  • FEVER - blacksmith
  • FEWSTER - maker of saddletrees
  • FEWTERER - keeper of hounds, for hunting or coursing
  • FIDDLER - used a fiddle (small knife) to remove the flashing from cast clay forms such as bowl, creamers, cups or pitchers
  • FILE CUTTER - a maker of files, involved the cutting of grooves on the file surface
  • FILIBUSTER - American mercenaries in South America, gun runners
  • FILLER - who filled bobbins in mills
  • FINE DRAWER - employed in tailoring to repair tears in the cloth (invisible mending)
  • FINISHER - operated machine giving final touches to a manufactured article in various trades
  • FIREBEATER - tended the boilers that powered the machinery in a cotton mill
  • FIREMAN - inspected for, and removed explosive gasses underground in mining or stoked the boilers on ships and locomotives
  • FIRST HAND - silk weaver who had his own loom (an outworker)
  • FISCERE - fisherman
  • FISHER (FISHDRYVER) - victualler
  • FISH FAG - female fish monger
  • FITTER - coal broker
  • FLAUNER - confectioner
  • FLASHER - specialist process worker in the glass industry
  • FLATMAN / FLOATMAN - navigated a flat, a broad flat-bottomed boat used for transport, especially in shallow waters
  • FLAXDRESSER - prepared flax prior to spinning
  • FLESHMONGER / FLESHER - butcher or one who worked in a tannery
  • FLESHEWER - butcher
  • FLETCHER - arrowsmith (from French fleche).
  • FLOATER - vagrant or one who regulated the year-round workings of the watermeadows in winter by adjusting the hatches on the channels to flood or float the meadows with a shallow covering of water to protect them from frost and encourage the early growth of new grass mainly for early feed for sheep and other animals. The sheep were pastured on the new grass by day and driven up on to the downs to be folded by night to provide the manure néeded for the coming season's grain crops
  • FLUSHERMAN - who cleaned out water mains
  • FLYCOACHMAN - driver of one-horse carriage hired by the day
  • FLYING STATIONER - street broadsheet seller
  • FLYMAN - driver of a light vehicle hired out for carriage of passenger or Theatre stage hand
  • FOGGER - peddler or low class lawyer
  • FOISTER / FOISTERER - joiner
  • FOOT MAIDEN - female servant
  • FOOT MAN - servant who ran errands
  • FOOT PAD - robber
  • FOOT-POST - letter carrier or messenger who travelled on foot
  • FOOT STRAIGHTENER - one who assembled watch and clock dials in watchmaking
  • FORESTER - game warden or forest ranger
  • FORGEMAN - blacksmith or assistant (coachsmith 18th century Derbyshire)
  • FORGER - blacksmith, worker at a forge
  • FOSSETMAKER - who made faucets for ale-casks, etc
  • FOWER - street cleaner, sweeper
  • FOWLER / FOGLER / FUGLER / VOWLER / VOGELER / VOGLER / VAGELER / VOGELAAR / VOGLER - keeper or catcher of birds
  • FRAME SPINNER - worker on a loom
  • FRAMER - one who frames houses
  • FRAMEWORKER KNITTER - operator of machine which made hosiery
  • FREEDMAN - one released from slavery
  • FREEMASON - stonecutter
  • FRESER - maker of frieze, a rough plaster
  • FRESHWATER MAN - sailed boat on fresh water only or in the coastal trade
  • FRIPPERER - buyer & seller of old clothes
  • FRISEUR - hair dresser
  • FROBISHER / FURBISHER / FURBER / FURBOUR - remover of rust, a polisher of metal, eg. armour
  • FRUITERER - fruit seller
  • FRUITESTERE - female fruit seller
  • FULKER - pawnbroker
  • FULLER - cloth worker who shrinks, beats and presses the cloth
  • FUNAMBULIST - tightrope walker
  • FURBISHER - armor polisher
  • FURNER - baker
  • FURRIER - seller or maker of furs
  • FUSTIAN WEAVER - maker of corduroy





  •  

    G

  • GABELER - tax collector
  • GAFFER - foreman of a work crew or in glass factory, one who smoothed, reheated the neck of and formed lip on a bottle
  • GAFFMAN - a bailiff
  • GAGER - tax collector of liquor taxes
  • GALVANISER - iron worker who handled process of coating metal with zinc, to inhibit formation of rust
  • GAMESTER - gambler or prostitute
  • GANGER - overseer or foreman from 1850 onwards
  • GANGSMAN - foreman
  • GANNEKER - tavern keeper
  • GAOLER - jailer
  • GARCIFER / GARCIO - groom; attendant
  • GARLEKMONGER - garlicmonger; dealer in garlic
  • GARTHMAN - owner or worker of a fish trap
  • GAS MANAGER - forman position in charge of checking for poisonous gas in coal mine shafts
  • GATER - watchman
  • GATHERER - glassworker who inserted the blow iron into the molten glass ready for the blower
  • GATHERERS BOY - held a shovel to shield the gatherer's face from the heat
  • GATWARD - goat keeper
  • GAUGER - customs official who measured the capacity of imported barrels of liquor in order to calculate the customs duty
  • GAUNTER - glover
  • GAVELLER - userer and in the Forest of Dean, an officer fo the Crown who granted gales or the right to work a mine and in Suffolk a harvest worker, usually female
  • GELDER - castrator of animals, especially horses
  • GEOMETER - skilled in geometry
  • GERUND GRINDER - Latin instructor
  • GILDER - applies gold leaf
  • GIMLER - machinist involved in making a gimp, a kind of card
  • GINOUR - enginéer
  • GIRDLER - leather worker who made girdles and belts, chiefly for the Army
  • GLASS COACHMAN - driver of two-horse carriage hired out for the day
  • GLASSEWRYGHT - glasswright; maker and mender of glassware
  • GLAZIER - glass cutter or window classman
  • GLIMMER MAN - in Dublin, the man who would turn out (or down) the gas street-lights and also warn people turn out lights in their houses to ensure blackouts during bombing raids at War time
  • GLOVER - one that makes or sells gloves
  • GOAT CARRIAGE MAN - driver of small passenger carriage
  • GOLDSMITH - maker of gold articles, banker
  • GOOSE HERD - tends geese
  • GORZEMAN - seller of gorse or broom
  • GRACE WIFE - midwife
  • GRAFFER - notary or scrivener
  • GRAINER - painted wood to make it look like great and exotic woods
  • GRANGER - farmer
  • GRAVER - carver or sculptor, engraver of images or dockside worker who cleaned ship bottoms by burning and tarring
  • GRAZIER - pastures and raises cattle
  • GREAVE / GRIEVE - bailiff, foreman, sheriff
  • GREEN GROCER - fruit and vegetable seller
  • GREENSMITH - worker in copper or latten
  • GRIMBRIBBER - lawyer
  • GROOVER - miner
  • GROUNDSEL & CHICKWEED SELLER - streetseller of common weeds, used to feed pet songbirds
  • GUINEA PIG - an unattached, or roving person whose fee was usally a guinea
  • GUMMER - one who improved old saws by deepening the cuts
  • GYNOUR - enginéer
  • GYP - college servant especially one attending undergraduates





  •  

    H

  • HABERDASHER - seller of men's clothing
  • HACKER - maker of hoes
  • HACKLER / HACKMAN / HECKLER - one who separated the coarse part of flax or hemp with a hackle, an instrument with teeth in linen industry
  • HACKNEY MAN - renter of horses & carriages
  • HAIR SEATING & CURLED HAIR MERCHANT - dealer in horse-hair stuffing used in upholstery
  • HAIRWEAVER / HAIRMAN - weaver of cloth composed wholly or partly of horsehair
  • HALBERT CARRIER - soldier or halberdier, armed with a halberd, a combination spear and battleaxe (a ceremonial officer)
  • HAMMERMAN - hammerer, a smith
  • HANDLE STICKER - put handles on cast ceramic cups, pitchers, etc
  • HANDSELLER - street vendor
  • HANDWOMAN - midwife or female attendant
  • HANKYMAN - a travelling magician in Victorian/Edwardian England
  • HANSARD - weapon maker or seller
  • HARLOT - vagabond, beggar, rogue, 14th century male servant, attendant or menial, and 15th century, loose woman
  • HARMER BECK - constable
  • HARPER - performer on the harp
  • HATCHLER - combed out or carded flax
  • HATTER - maker of or dealer in hats
  • HAWKER / HUCKSTER - peddler
  • HAYMONGER - dealer in hay
  • HAYWARD - fence viewer
  • HEADSMAN - executioner
  • HEADSWOMAN - midwife
  • HEALD KNITTER - operator of a machine which produced a jersey type of fabric as opposed to woven fabric
  • HECK MAKER - maker of a part of a spinning machine by which the yarn is guided to the reels
  • HEDGE LOOKER - supervised good repair of fence and enclosures
  • HEDGER - hedge trimmer
  • HEELMAKER - made shoe heels
  • HELLIER / HILLIER - tiler or slater
  • HELPER-UP - young boy employed in Durham pits to help other workers
  • HEMPHECKLER - flax worker
  • HENCHMAN / HENSMAN - horseman or groom
  • HENTER - thief
  • HETHELEDER - provider of heather for fuel
  • HEWER - miner who cut coal, stone, etc., a face worker in a mine
  • HIGGLER - one who haggles or bargains or itinerant dealer, similar to a cadger
  • HIGHWAYMAN - robber who preys on public roads
  • HILLARD / HILLER / HILLIER - covered houses with slate; tiler
  • HIND - farm laborer
  • HIRED MAN - gardener, farmhand, or stableman
  • HOBBLER - boat tower on a river or canal
  • HODSMAN - mason's assistant
  • HOGGARD - pig drover
  • HOLSTER - groom who took care of horses
  • HONEY DIPPER - extracted raw sewage from catch basins and out-houses
  • HOOFER - dancer
  • HOOKER - 16th century reaper, 19th century worker in textile industry who operated a machine which laid fabric flat in uniform folds of any required length
  • HOOPER - makes hoops for casks (not a cooper)
  • HORNER - worker in horn making spoons, combs, or musical horns
  • HORSE COURSER - owner of race horses
  • HORSE KNAVE - groom
  • HORSE LEECH - veterinarian, farrier
  • HORSE MARINE - man-handled barges on canals when horses could not be used
  • HORSE-CAPPER - dealer in worthless horses
  • HORSE-HAIR CURLER - dressed horse hair which was used extensively in the upholstery trade
  • HOSIER - retailer of stockings, socks, gloves, nightcaps
  • HOSTELLER - innkeeper
  • HOSTLER / OSTLER - cares for horses, stableman, groom, repairer or railway engines
  • HOUSE JOINER - house framer
  • HOUSE WRIGHT - house builder
  • HOTPRESSER - worker in paper or textile industries where product was pressed between glazed boards and hot metal plates to obtain a smooth and shiny surface
  • HOYMAN - one who carries goods and passengers by water (Hoy - small coastal vessel or sloop)
  • HOWDY WIFE - midwife
  • HUCKSTER - sells small wares
  • HUISSHER - usher or door attendant
  • HURDLEMAN / HURDLER - hedge-maker, of wattled framework fencing
  • HURRIERS - term applied to the girls aged 5-18 who were employed as coal-drawers in the coal industry
  • HUSBANDMAN - tenant farmer
  • HUSH SHOP KEEPER - brewed and sold beer without a license (usually as a side line)





  •  

    I

  • ICEMAN - seller or deliverer of ice
  • IDLEMAN - gentleman of leisure
  • INFIRMARIAN - in charge of an infirmary
  • INTELLIGENCER - spy
  • INTENDENT - director of a public or government business
  • INTERFACTOR - murderer
  • IRON FOUNDER - one who founds or iron
  • IRON MONGER - dealer in hardware made of iron (also known as a feroner)
  • IRON MASTER - owner or manager of a foundry
  • IVORY WORKERS - included makers of combs, boxes, billard balls, buttons, and keys for pianofortes





  •  

    J

  • JACK - young male assistant, sailor, or lumberjack
  • JACK-FRAME TENTER - cotton industry worker who operated a jack-frame, used for giving a twist to the thread
  • JACK-SMITH - maker of lifting machinery and contrivances
  • JAGGER - carrier, carter, pedlar or hawker of fish; 19th century, young boy in charge of 'jags'or train of trucks in coal mine; man in charge of pack horse carrying iron ore to be smelted
  • JAKES-FARMER - one who emptied cesspools
  • JAPANNER - one who covers with a hard brilliant coat of any of several varnishes
  • JERQUER - custom house officer who searched ships
  • JERSEY COMBER - worker in woollen manufacture (Jersey - wool which has been combed but not spun into yarn)
  • JIGGERMAN - operated a spinning wheel (Jigger) to form the foot (back side) of a ceramic plate
  • JOBBER - a buyer in quantity to sell to others, a pieceworker
  • JOBLING GARDENER - one employed on a casual basis
  • JOBMASTER - supplied carriages, horses and drivers for hire
  • JOYNER or JOINER - skilled carpenter
  • JONGLEUR - traveling minstrel
  • JOURNEYMAN / JORMAN - one who served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft; properly, one who no longer is bound to serve for years but is hired day to day
  • JOUSTER - fish monger





  •  

    K

  • KEDGER - fisherman
  • KEEKER - colliery official who checked quantity and quality of coal output or weighman
  • KEELER / KEELMAN - bargeman (from keel, a flat bottomed boat)
  • KEEPER - controlled the quantities of ore and fuel, regulated the blast and tapped the molten metal from the furnace
  • KEMPSTER - wool comber
  • KIDDIER - skinner or dealer in young goats
  • KILNER - limeburner, in charge of a kiln
  • KISSER - made cuishes and high armour
  • KNACKER - harness maker, buyer of old horses and dead animals
  • KNAPPERS - dressed and shaped flints into required shape and size
  • KNELLER / KNULLER - chimmney sweep who solicited custom by knocking on doors
  • KNOCKER-UP - man paid to wake up northern mill and factory workers on early shifts
  • KNOCKKNOBBLER - dog catcher
  • KNOLLER - toller of bells





  •  

    L

  • LACE-DRAWER - child employed in lace work, drawing out threads
  • LACEMAN - dealer in lace, who collected it from the makers, usually only those who had bought his thread, and sold it in the lace markets
  • LACE-MASTER / MISTRESS - employed workers in factories or in their homes for the production of lace
  • LACE-RUNNER - young worker who embroidered patterns on lace
  • LACEWOMAN - lady's maid
  • LAGGER - sailor
  • LAGRAETMAN - local constable (Law-Rightman)
  • LARDNER - keeper of the cupboard
  • LASTER - shoe maker
  • LATTENER - brass worker
  • LANDWAITER - customs officer whose duty was to wait or attend on landed goods
  • LAUNDERER - washer
  • LAVENDER - washer woman
  • LAYER - worker in paper mill responsible for a particular stage in paper-making process
  • LEAVELOOKER - examined food on sale at market
  • LEECH or SAWBONES - physician
  • LEGERDEMAINIST - magician
  • LEGGER - canal boatman
  • LEIGHTONWARD - gardener (leighton - a garden)
  • LIGHTERMAN - worker on a flat-bottomed boat
  • LIMNER - illuminator of books, painter or drawer
  • LINENER - linen draper, shirtmaker
  • LINER / LYNER - flax dresser
  • LINKERBOY / MAN - one who carried a link or torch to guide people through city streets at night for a small fee (had to be licensed to trade in early 19th century had and term later sometimes applied to general manservant )
  • LISTER / LITSTER - dyer
  • LITTERMAN - groom (of horses)
  • LOADSMAN - ship's pilot
  • LOBLOLLY BOY - ship's doctor's assistant or errand boy
  • LOCK KEEPER - overseer of canal locks
  • LONGSHOREMAN - stevedore
  • LONG SONG SELLER - street seller who sold popular songsheets printed on paper
  • LORIMER - maker of horse gear
  • LOTSELLER - street seller
  • LOTTER - one who bought odd lots of wool and consolidated them for sale
  • LUMPER - dock laborer who discharged cargo of timber employed by a master lumper (not the Dock Company) or fine-grain saltmaker, from practice of moulding salt into lumps
  • LUM SWOOPER - chimney sweep
  • LUNGS - alchemist's servant whose duty was to fan the fire
  • LUTHIER - maker and repairer of stringed musical instruments





  •  

    M

  • MADERER - gathered and sold garlic
  • MAID - female domestic servant
  • MAIL GUARD - armed guard, frequently an ex-soldier, employed on the mail coach service
  • MAISE MAKER - one who made measures for weighing herring catch
  • MALEMAKER - maker of 'Males' or travelling bags
  • MALENDER - farmer
  • MALSTER - brewer, maker or seller of malts
  • MANCIPLE - steward
  • MANGLER - works a mangle
  • MANGLE KEEPER - woman who offered use of the mangle for a fee
  • MANGO - slave dealer
  • MANTUAMAKER - dressmaker
  • MARBLER - one who stained paper or other material, veined in imitation of marble
  • MARSHALL - horse doctor of shoesmith
  • MARSHMAN - paid by various landowners to look after marshlands and tend the animals put to graze there for the season
  • MASHMAKER - maker of the mash-vats or mashels used for mixing malt
  • MASON - stonecutter
  • MASTER - one of three grades of skill recognised by the Guild of Crafts
  • MASTER LUMPER - contractor of laborers at cheap rate of pay
  • MASTER MARINER - Ship's officer qualified to take command of a ship - not necessarily a Captain
  • MATCHET FORGER - knifemaker
  • MAWER - mower
  • MEALMAN - dealer in meal or flour
  • MELDER - corn miller
  • MERCATOR - merchant
  • MERCER - cloth seller
  • METERER - poet
  • MIDWIFE - experience woman who assists in child birth
  • MILESMAN / LENGTHSMAN - railway worker who had a length of railway track to keep in good order
  • MILLER - corn miller, cloth miller, saw miller
  • MILLERESS - miller's wife
  • MILLERS CARMAN - drove carrier to deliver the flour or seed to the customers
  • MILLPECK - sharpener of mill stones
  • MILLNER - maker of womens' hats
  • MILLWRIGHT - designer & builder of mills or mill machinery
  • MILSTONE INSPECTOR - vagrant, a gentleman of the road
  • MINTMAKER or MINTMASTER - issuer of local currency
  • MIXER - bartender
  • MOCADO WEAVER - weaver of woollen cloth used for making clothes 16-17th century
  • MOLD BOY - closed and held mold for glassblower, also weighed the bottles
  • MOLITOR - miller
  • MONDAYMAN - one who worked for landowner on Mondays in lieu of rent
  • MONGER - (i.e., fish) - dealer
  • MOULDER - maker of molds or castings, brickmaker
  • MOUNTEBANK - seller if ineffectual patent medicines
  • MUDLARK - sewer cleaner, riverbank scavenger
  • MUFFIN MAKER - maker who made muffins
  • MUFFIN MAN - itinerant seller of muffins
  • MUGGLER - pigman
  • MUGSELLER - seller of cups, mugs
  • MULE MINDER - minded the spinning mules in the cotton mills
  • MULESKINNER - teamster
  • MULETEER - mule driver
  • MULTURER - miller
  • MUSICKER - musician
  • MUSTARDER / MUSTARDMAN - made and dealt in mustard



Online/Offline References

Library of Congress, Stanford Law Library, National Archives,
Smithsonian Institute, National Institute of Health Library,
Harvard University Libraries, Johns Hopkins Archival Library,
National Dairyman's Association, National Cattleman's Association,
National Federation of Labor, International Trade Alliance,
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