First People of Tennessee and the American Southwest —
"Created to provide a forum for both those with native roots that reach back into that most difficult to research time, the period
before the removal, a.k.a., the trail of tears; and also to help those whose ancestors avoided that removal." - quote from the Website
Native Americans in Tennessee —
Long before the first European began to settle the area in which we call Tennessee, the land was inhabited by several Native American
tribes. Among them were the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Mississippian, and Shawnée. Each tribe had their own unique culture. This site
will introduce you to the cultures of the Native Americans in Tennessee.
Settlers and Intruders on Cherokee Indian Lands —
Excerpts from the papers of the Cherokee Indian Agency. "From 1801 to 1823 Col. Return Jonathan Meigs of Middletown,
Connecticut was the agent to the Cherokees. The Agency was first located at Southwest Point, then moved to Hiwassee Garrison near Dayton,
TN. Following a dispute over the title to the Garrison land, it was moved to Calhoun, Tennessee. During the time Meigs was the agent,
settlers passing through the Cherokee land had to have a pass issued by the agent. In addition, some settlers who had special skills,
such as blacksmiths, were invited onto the land by the tribe. But there were also many intruders who attempted to settle illegally and
had to be removed by the agent. These lists are gleaned from these records. Note that there is a lot of information on these rolls, and I
am sure I overlooked a lot of other important items." - quote from the Website
Town Creek Indian Mound —
For more than one thousand years, Indians lived an agricultural life on the lands that became
known as North Carolina. Around A.D. 1200, a new cultural tradition arrived in the Pee Dee River Valley.
That new culture, called "Pee Dee" by archaeologists, was part of a widespread tradition known as "South Appalachian Mississippian."
Throughout Georgia, South Carolina, eastern Tennessee, western North Carolina, and the southern North Carolina Piedmont, the new
culture gave rise to complex societies. These inhabitants built earthen mounds
for their spiritual and political leaders, engaged in widespread trade, supported craft specialists, and celebrated a new
kind of religion. They also participated in a widespread network of trading that stretched from Georgia through South Carolina,
eastern Tennessee, and as well as the mountain and Piedmont regions of North Carolina.
Tribes and Villages of Tennessee —
Contact Information for the Tribes of Tennessee