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Genealogy and History Links Library (GHLL)

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Visit the:  Native American Nations



Michigan's First People
         The information and stories contained on these pages tell about the first people who lived in Michigan. They were here long before the explorers, the fur traders, and the settlers.

Michigan's Native Americans
         A Selective Bibliography (The Library of Michigan).

Native American Research in Michigan
Using the Ottawa, Chippewa and Potawatomi Tribe as examples. Before the arrival of the first white man, Michigan was inhabited by 15,000 Indians, members of the Miami, Chippewa, Menominée, Ottawa, Potawatomi and Wyandot tribes. Today the number is considerably less. While it is often difficult to trace Native ancestry it is not impossible.

Native Americans of Northern Michigan
         A collection of facts, fiction & myths, misconceptions, drawings, pictures & writings relative to the Native American culture.

Ojibwe History
         "In a tradition shared with the Ottawa and Potawatomi, the Ojibwe remember a time when they lived near an ocean. This may have been the Atlantic near the gulf of the St. Lawrence, but more likely it was Hudson Bay. Sometime around 1400, the North America climate became colder, and the first Ojibwe, Ottawa and Potawatomi bands started to arrive on the east side of Lake Huron. The Ottawa remained at the mouth of the French River and Lake Huron islands, but the Ojibwe and Potawatomi continued northwest occupying the shoreline to the Mackinac Strait which separates upper and lower Michigan. By 1500 the Potawatomi had crossed into lower Michigan while the Ojibwe continued west to Lake Superior and Wisconsin's Apostle Islands." - quote from the web site.

People of the Three Fires
"There are three major tribal groups in Michigan today: the Chippewa (Ojibwe), the Ottawa, and the Potawatomi. They comprise what is called the Three Fires Council. Although these three tribes have similar cultures and share the same territory, there are still some differences." - quote from the web site.

Potawatomi History
         "In 1700 the Potawatomi lived in the northern third of lower Michigan. Threatened by the Ontario tribes trading with the French (Neutrals, Tionontati, Ottawa, and Huron) during the late 1630s, the Potawatomi began leaving their homeland in 1641 and moved to the west side of Lake Michigan in northern Wisconsin." - quote from the web site.



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