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Abnaki
         Abnaki or Abenaki, Native North Americans of the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock. The name Abnaki was given to them by the French; properly it should be Wabanaki, a word that refers to morning and the east and may be interpreted as those living at the sunrise.

Alphabetical Roster of Massachusetts Indians in 1849
         A transcription of the Native American microfilm card index housed at the Massachusetts State Archives. This index may be found to be a useful tool to those interested in the study of New England Native American history. Other research/search links available.

Massachusetts Native American Genealogy
         A transcription of the Native American microfilm card index housed at the Massachusetts State Archives. This index may be found to be a useful tool to those interested in the study of New England Native American history. Other research/search links available.

Ponkapoag Indians of Massachusetts
         The Ponkapoag Indian tribe was located in present day Canton & Stoughton, Massachusetts. In 1657 the town of Dorchester alloted 6,000 acres for establishing a Praying Indian town douth of the Great Blue Hills. The last of the tribal controlled land was sold in 1827. However descendants of these native people survive to this day.

Nipmuc history
         Estimates of the pre-contact population of the Nipmuc are at best confusing, because there is no agreement as to which groups belonged to the Nipmuc. The numbers vary between 3,000 and 10,000 with as many as 40 villages. Some Nipmuc tribes were subject to the Pequot and sometimes have been included as part of the Pequot Confederacy. Freed in 1637 after the destruction of the Pequot by the English, they were classified in later years as Nipmuc. Similar problems exist with members of the Narragansett, Massachuset, Pocumtuc, Western Abenaki, and Pennacook.

Wampanoag History
         In 1730 the Wampanoag probably were as many as 12,000 with 40 villages divided roughly between 8,000 on the mainland and another 4,000 on the off-shore islands of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. The three epidemics which swept across New England and the Canadian Maritimes between 1614 and 1620 were especially devastating to the Wampanoag and neighboring Massachuset with mortality in many mainland villages (i.e. Patuxet) reaching 100%. When the Pilgrims landed in 1620, fewer than 2,000 mainland Wampanoag had survived.



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