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History of Maine Indians to 1920
         Source: Henry E. Dunnack, The Maine Book (Augusta, ME: 1920), pp. 110-113. Except for the information on the Red Paint People, all information on Maine Indians comes from an article written by Fannie H. Eckstorm. Keep in mind that this book was written in 1920 and should be considered and used an an historical record. Waterboro Public Library and its staff, board, and members take no responsibility for any errors in fact or any statements of opinion that may appear in this book. In other words, verify!

Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
         Early people are believed to have traveled to this continent from Asia, over the Bering Land Bridge and into Alaska. They made their way south through an ice-free corridor between two massive glaciers that covered much of Canada and the northern United States. They followed their prey across the U.S.: big game animals like musk ox and caribou, wooly mammoths and giant bison. They left a trail of well-crafted spear tips called fluted points in their wake.

Indians of Maine
         "There are now two tribes of this fast falling race in Maine who were once owners of all of our territory of our forests, mountains, meadows, rivers, lakes and descendants of the ancient Abnaki nation; namely the Penobscot and the Passamaquoddys. The former are located on Indian Island in Penobscot river, twelve miles above and the latter on Indian reservations in Washington county being known as Indian Township on the St. Croix river and also at Pleasant Point near Eastport Agents for these tribes are appointed by the Governor to hold office during his pleasure." - quote from the web site.

Maine Timeline of Native American Culture
         In the early 1400a, as many as 20,000 Indians are living in Maine in three major ethnic groups Armouchiquois (southern Maine to Cape Elizabeth), Etchemin, today's Maliseet and Paasamaquoddy (Kennebec to St. John rivers), and Abenaki (interior and western sections). The Souriquois (today's Micmac) were living mostly east of the St. John River in New Brunswick. (By 1700, Wabanaki, the People of the Dawn, would be generic term for all Maine Indians).

Native Americans in Maine
         The Davistown Museum - Bibliographies

Ne-Do-Ba (Friends)
         "The adventure that we have embarked upon is about knowledge of history, culture, community, family, and self. Our itinerary does not include the politics of treaty rights, land claims, tribal recognition, high stake bingo, gambling casinos, or government entitlements. Our path will take us into the shadows of history to learn, the light of day to share our knowledge, and the hearts of human beings as the healing begins. What an exciting trip we have planned ! Please join in our journey, as we assist our friends, relatives, and neighbors to relearn our history and become proud of who we are." - The Abenaki People

Pharmacy of the Red Man
         Read before the Maine Pharmaceutical Association 28 Jun 1916.

Sprague's Journal of Maine History
         A PROCLAMATION third day of November 1755. (Courtesy of the Androscoggin Historical Society).



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