Collins family DNA records
Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA
information about individuals in the ancestry file http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/~garyscottcollins/
and more general DNA references.
Please send additional DNA information about individuals in the
ancestry file to Gary S.
Collins at garyscollins(at)gmail.com
S. Collins (1944- )
My Y-DNA record agrees exactly with those of the Irish Modal Haplotype
and R-M222 (formerly R1b1c7) Modal Haplotype
descent from an ancient male ancestor in northwest Ireland,
possibly the near-mythological king Niall
of the Nine Hostages
, founder of the Uí Néill
that ruled in Ireland between 400-1100 AD. By
inference, this record applies also to my earliest known
direct patrilineal ancestor, Dr.
Richard Collins (1725-1808)
and to all of his direct male
descendants, including about 75 who appear in my ancestry file and many
more recent ones. Richard Collins
emigrated from Ulster
Province, Ireland, to the US in about 1750. He settled in
Port Republic, on the
coast of New Jersey, where he was the first medical doctor in the
region. There is an unsubstantiated report that he came from
Tyrone County, and an
hypothesis by Patty Luthy
that he came specifically from Strabane,
in Tyrone County near its western border with Donegal County,
based on naming
of a farm 'Strabane' in southern
New Jersey by family friends.
- My Y-DNA record was
at 46 STR markers by ancestry.com in December 2007. In September
2009, marker Y-GATA
H4.1, with an allele value of 22, was renamed Y-GATA
H4 , with a revised allele value of 12, as recommended by
ISOGG in order that establish common designations by the various
companies measuring Y-DNA markers. The original values are here and the newly
revised values are here.
- The Irish Modal Haplotype
(IMH) was defined as a record of 17 markers by the
research group of Daniel Bradley at Trinity College, Dublin: Laoise
T. Moore et al., American Journal of Human Genetics 78, 334-338 (2006).
Moore et al. found that up to 20% of males in areas of northwestern
Ireland (esp. Donegal and Tyrone
Counties) have the record, with a high frequency found (coincidentally)
Strabane (see map in Fig. 1 of Moore et al., loc. cit.)
Their explanation of this anomaly is that the Y-DNA record of an
unknown medieval Irish king was propagated by himself and his
male progeny in a dynasty (a sort of Irish Genghis Khan). A
figure who might fit this picture is Niall
of the Nine Hostages.
record agrees exactly with the IMH record over 14 markers in
common. See also a description of the Niall record at http://www.familytreedna.com/matchniall.html.
- The R-M222 (formerly R1b1c7)
(RMH) was formulated by David
based on his earlier description of a Northwest Irish variety of Y-DNA
through statistical analysis of Y-DNA records of many
individuals. John McLaughlin has a web site with extensive information about
this haplotype as well as refined modal haplotypes for surnames.
The haplotype is identified
definitively by presence of
the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) M222 (reference SNP
identification Rs20321). Information
about the distribution of Y-DNA alleles among
individuals having the haplotype can be found at the R-M222
Haplogroup Project. About 370 individual
records have been sorted in a table titled "R1b1c7
Haplotypes with Colorized Mutations from Modal Values" by David
Wilson that is no longer current on the web but can be viewed via the
web archive here
using IE or Firefox plus the add-on IE-Tab). My
Collins record agrees exactly with the RMH
record over 34 markers in
common (entry Z1003 in the table). An alternative tabulation by
John McLaughlin can be found here.
For the broader context, an overview of haplogroup
R1b and its
subclades is given here.
- Evolving subclade designatiosn
by ISOGG (International Society of Genetic Genealogy).
Designations change as new SNP's are identified and relationships among
SNP's are clarified. Here are end-of-year designations in
ISOGG's annual Y-DNA Haplogroup Trees for SNP M222.:
- Conversion table between
different marker standards. Y-DNA records analyzed in
different laboratories are
so that some STR alleles (repeat numbers) must be converted prior to
comparison. A table showing required conversions valid up to
until Sept. 2009 is given on the
Sorenson Molecular Genealogy
Foundation site here.
I used the table to convert repeat numbers from my ancestry.com
record prior to comparison with records at web sites using different
standards. However, efforts to increase uniformity of reporting
repeat numbers among different testing sources have led and will
continue to lead to changes. For example, ancestry.com has
changes reporting of the Y-GATA
H4 marker in Sept. 2009.
- Y-DNA record databases on the
web. One can search for
records. My personal Y-STR record has been
entered in the following databases and tables:
database, ID 82BRB.
Ysearch's label for the 'Niall' haplogroup is R1b1b2e instead
of R1b1c7. My record can be compared here
with records for the IMH (entered by me as ID FAW2E)
and the RMH
(entered by David Wilson as User
Or search by haplogroup R1b1b2e.
database, ID NT9ZG.
by David Wilson (view using IE or Firefox plus add-on IE-Tab) ID Z1003,
located about ten lines above
MODAL entry marked by a golden color.
haplogroup table by John McLaughlin (view using IE or Firefox plus add-on IE-tab). Modal entry is 26917
Mackenzie, which agrees with my 46 marker record..
DNA project, Worldfamilies.net, ID CX-5 in table of
Y-DNA results for persons having the Collins surname (no close matches
- Males known to have or
have had the
"Niall" Y-DNA record; estimated to number three million
living. My "brothers" are
include the following famous persons:
Louis Gates, Jr., Professor, Harvard U., Director of the W.E.B. du
Bois Institute for African and African American Research.
- John Wayne,
Movie Actor (suggested by David Wilson).
- Sam Houston,
President of the Republic of Texas, and Governor of Tennessee and
Texas (suggested by David Wilson).
Smith, Jr. (1805-1844), founder of the Latter Day Saint movement
(Mormonism). DNA evidence is here.
Woodson James (1847-1882)
Analysis of remains showed that he had mitochondrial DNA
haplogroup T2, including mtDNA
sequences 16126C, 16274A, 16294T, 16296T, 16304C (from dnaancestryproject
DNA data archives
Supported by FamilyTreeDNA. Searchable database for Y-STR matches
an entered and storable 42-marker record.
Supported by DNAHeritage. Searchable database for Y-STR matches
entered and storable 49-marker record.
Sorenson Molecular Genetics Foundation (SMGF). Searchable for
with an entered 43-marker record.
David Wilson's R1b1c7 Y-STR haplogroup table, giving an ordered list of
individual records grouped around a proposed modal R1b1c7 record.
IE browser only. (A record can be emailed to Wilson for possible
inclusion in the table.)
Y-chromosome Haplotype Reference Database, with a forensic
orientation. Gives (a) numbers of matches to an entered 9-marker
STR record; (b) mutation rates determined from father-son DNA
comparisons; (c) the 20 most frequent records at specified geographical
- www.snp-y.org Site for
validation and application of Y-SNPs.
International Society of Genetic Genealogy. "Official" haplogroup
tree based on Y-SNP's.
- www.genetree.com SMGF
site allowing comparison of mtDNA records and encouraging information
integration of pedigree files and mtDNA records
A free Y-DNA test is available at www.smgf.org
provided that you can supply a pedigree back to
great-grandparents. For more information, go here
DNA Genealogy Links
Please send comments and
suggestions to garyscollins(at)gmail.com
30 November 2009, Gary S.
main ancestry page is http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~garyscottcollins/.