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Haplogroups N/N3

Haplogroups N and N3 are common among Finns, Saami, Siberians and other Uralic

peoples. They are associated with the spread of the Finno-Ugric language family, and may

have been present in northwestern Asia for 40,000 years. Some have speculated that

Finno-Ugric speakers were once widespread in western Europe as well, but were

pushed to the north and the east by the encroachment of Indo-European speakers

or other ancestors of modern Europeans. Little is known about these haplogroups,

but they are linked with the TAT-C marker, a mutation thought to confer on

its carriers an enhanced resistance to the cold.

N/N3 Haplotype #1

The haplotype below is clearly of Finnish origin, and most likely arrived in Britain

through Norwegian Viking settlement of northwest England and western Scotland.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
14 14 30 24 11 14 14 11 13

Geographical Locale

%
Finland 22.50
Tartu, Estonia 3.00
Vasterbotten, Sweden 2.44
Varmland, Sweden 2.33
Novgorod, Western Russia 2.00
Sweden 1.23
Eastern Norway 1.18
Vilnius, Lithuania .64
Chemnitz, Saxony .12

N/N3 Haplotype #2

The haplotype below occurs predominantly in Sweden, Finland and other

Baltic nations. There are a few hits in Asia - par for the course for an N

haplotype - and in portions of northeastern Germany adjacent to the

Baltic. This haplotype most likely entered the "Border Reiver"

gene pool with the Norse settlement of Cumbria.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
14 13 29 23 10 14 14 - -

Geographical Locale

%
Vasterbotten, Sweden 4.88
Finland 2.76
Uppsala, Sweden 1.75
Mongolia 1.67
Tartu, Estonia .67
Vilnius, Lithuania .64
Luzon, Phillipines .47
Tuscany, Italy .46
Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt .35
Sweden .25
Chemnitz, Saxony .12

N/N3 Haplotype #3

The match table below was prepared for a Ysearch entry that had apparently been either SNP-tested or

estimated as belonging to haplogroup N. However, the haplotype itself resembles a standard "North Sea Celtic"

signature. Consequently, most of the matches here may represent convergence with Teutonic R1b haplotypes.

The highest match frequency does fall in Norway though, where N haplotypes most definitely occur.

Regardless of the accuracy of this match pattern, the haplotype - if a true "N" - undoubtedly came to Britain

with the Norse Vikings.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
14 13 29 23 10 14 14 - -

Geographical Locale

%
Southern Norway 4.00
Netherlands 1.15
Valencia, Spain .71
Bydgoszcz, Poland .60
Lombardy, Italy .55
Tyrol, Austria .43
Leipzig, Saxony .15

N/N3 Haplotype #4

The haplotype below is very interesting because its match pattern reminds one that Haplogroup N is of

Finno-Ugrian origin in a general sense - not specifically Finnish or Estonian.  Hungary is also a nation of Finno-Ugrian

speakers, many of whom are descended from the Magyars of Central Asia. The "Romani" designation notwithstanding,

that is the probable origin of this haplotype.

As for how it got to Britain, it most likely arrived with the Norse Vikings, although we suspect that there was

a Finno-Ugric element among the Sarmatians as well.

19 389i 389ii 390 391 392 393 385a 385b
14 14 X 23 11 14 15 11 13

Geographical Locale

%
Debrecen, Hungary [Romani] 2.33
Netherlands 1.15
Valencia, Spain .71
Bydgoszcz, Poland .60
Lombardy, Italy .55
Tyrol, Austria .43
Leipzig, Saxony .15