November 27, 1729 – October 12, 1812
Milton W. Talbot, Jr., MD and Farris W. Womack
The Birth and Youth of Matthew (II) Talbot
Matthew (II) Talbot, the second son and second child of Matthew (I) Talbot and his first wife, Mary Williston, was born in 1729 in Prince George County, Virginia. He was the first of the Talbot children to be born in Virginia, his older brother, Charles, having been born more than six years earlier in Maryland. Mary and Matthew (I) were married in Maryland in 1721 and probably lived there for a few years before moving the short distance to Virginia. Speculation that there may have been other children born to them during this period is not supported by any known records. Conventional wisdom holds that the Talbots left Maryland after Matthew (I) and his partner, Nicholas Hale, had suffered heavy losses at sea. Why that fact would prompt their move to Virginia remains unclear. At any rate, they were living in Virginia by 1729 and Matthew (II)’s birth was duly noted in the Parish Register.
Two brothers, James and John, were born in 1733 and 1735, respectively. During this period the family moved at least once and perhaps more but by 1735 they were settled in the area near the present day city of Lynchburg, Virginia. The counties where they lived changed several times but that was the result of new counties being established out of older and larger ones rather than the actual movement of the Talbots. Numerous records exist detailing the land transactions of Matthew (I) in Lunenburg County and, indeed, in 1754, Matthew (I) and his son, Charles, were asked to fix the boundary for the new county of Bedford to be carved from Lunenburg. The first session of the Bedford Court met in Matthew (I)’s house.
Matthew (II)’s mother, Mary Williston Talbot, died in 1736 at the age of 39, leaving four young sons, the oldest barely a teenager and the youngest an infant. Matthew (II) was seven. The cause of her death has not been determined but it no doubt left the Talbot children with a sadness, bewilderment, and emptiness appreciated only by those who, in childhood, have experienced the loss of their mother.
Nevertheless, Matthew (II) was not destined to grow up without a mother for on May 23, 1736, eight months after Mary’s death, Matthew (I) married Jane Clayton. Unfortunately, there are no written records to substantiate the nature of the relationship between Jane and her new stepchildren but there are many evidences to suggest that she was a good mother to them and that they loved her dearly. Matthew (II), himself, named one of his children, Clayton, an act, taken in his adulthood, that would have been quite unlikely if the relationship with Jane Clayton Talbot had been a bad one.
In 1738, Jane gave birth to Isham Talbot and two years later she gave birth to Martha who would turn out to be the last. And so, in 1740 young Matthew (II) found himself in a family consisting of two parents, age 41 and 26, respectively, and six children, aged 17, 11, 7, 5, 2, and 1, respectively. While actual records do not exist to provide details of family life, it seems that the family enjoyed a life style that was comfortable by the standards of 1740. But life in the Virginia Wilderness in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains was treacherous and difficult. There was no mail service, supply wagons came rarely, exposure to the elements, illness, and disease took an enormous toll, and life existed near the edge.
Matthew (I) was becoming a successful farmer and businessman and his neighbors were showering him with the "honors or trials" of elective offices. No doubt the children shared in the accomplishments of their father and enjoyed the respect accorded to him. But we should be careful not to judge the 1740 time period through the prism of the late 20th or early 21st century. Growing up in the Virginia wilderness was demanding; survival was uncertain, medical care was non existent, Indian raids were frequent, educational opportunities were rare or not available, and the work of making a living was very hard, physically and emotionally. But such was the period in which Matthew (II) grew to manhood and, if the accomplishments during the remainder of his life can be used as a yardstick, he grew up well.
Matthew (II)’s life in western Virginia was apparently also successful. He was an extensive landowner and at one time may have held over 40,000 acres on the Virginia frontier. For 20 years after his father’s death he remained in Bedford County occupying himself, it is assumed, with the management of his portion of his father’s estate, and, as his son Edmund reported, pursuing his primary business of raising cattle. It was during this time that he married and that his seven children were born. Also during this time he remained active in the Bedford County Militia, in which he held the rank of Captain, and was involved with pacification activities against the depredations of Indians on the frontier
Mathew (II)’s marriage to Mary Hale Day
In the 23rd year of his life, Matthew (II) Talbot married Mary Hale Day. She was almost 25, a widow with a young daughter. Mary Hale had married Thomas Day some years before and to them was born, Elizabeth. The circumstances surrounding Thomas Day’s death are unknown. Nevertheless, Mary was an available young woman and Matthew (II) found in her the wife with whom he would spend the next 32 years of his life and with whom he would father seven children.
Mary Hale was the daughter of Nicholas Hale and Ruth Ann Long. Nicholas Hale had been a business partner with Matthew (I) when the two lived in Maryland, that business having failed due to losses at sea. Indeed, they may have remained business partners after the move to Virginia and it is possible that Matthew (II) became a business associate with his father and father-in-law. Later the Hale family would be found in the Watauga area of what is now Tennessee, an area to which Mary and Matthew (II) would move sometime during the mid 1770’s. There exists a substantial body of knowledge to suggest that the Hales were among those early Baptists in Tennessee and may very well have been involved in the move to Tennessee by Matthew (II) and Mary. So it seems clear that Mary Hale and Matthew (II) Talbot had known each other during their youth. It is tempting to speculate about how he let her get away in the first place but that avenue probably leads to a dead end. His decisiveness when the second opportunity presented was quite clear.
Throughout the remaining history of the Talbot family, the Hale name appears frequently, both as the first name for the males and often as a middle name for the females. The spelling varies from Hale, Haile, Hail, and perhaps others. The official records contain the same kind of spelling variations.. The predominate usage is "Hale" because Edmund Talbot, the son of Matthew (II) and Mary Hale Day Talbot , used that spelling in his 1849 Memorandum of the Talbot Family , which is published in its entirety at this web site. We have not attempted in this work to choose one and use it consistently
Leaving Virginia and moving west
Around the time of the Revolutionary War, there was an increasing migration toward the southwestern area of the colonies and the new country. The yeoman farmers of Virginia and Pennsylvania found the journey down the Great Valley Road of western Virginia relatively easy and the land plentiful at its southern terminus in an area now part of eastern Tennessee. (Then it was on the western slopes of North Carolina—a region that would become the Southwest Territory, later the State of Franklin before becoming part of the State of Tennessee). Matthew was certainly familiar with the area; during his service in the Bedford County militia in his younger years he was frequently occupied in pursuing Indian raiders along the Virginia and Carolina frontiers.
Matthew (II) joined this migration in the mid 1770's. Although his name appears at #166 on a list of land grants by North Carolina in the Tennessee Territory in 1778, Virgil Talbot claims that Matthew (II)’s move must have occurred before 1775, since he built the first gristmill in that area in that year. At that time, when he was about 46 years old, Mary 47, and his youngest child under ten, he moved to the Watauga area of what was then the western portion of North Carolina, approximately 150 miles from his Bedford County home. He settled on Gap Creek near its confluence with the Watauga River, and began the first gristmill in that area in 1775, presumably while pursuing his ranching interests. The area to which he moved was near the present-day city of Elizabethton, Tennessee and the actual location of the mill may very well have been along present day US Route 321 .
Edmund Talbot stated in his Memorandum of the Talbot Family that the reason for the move was because his father was in the stock raising business. That answer provokes more questions rather than settles them. Moreover, the few records available to describe living conditions provide no clues about occupations. Nevertheless, a son, Hale, would later engage in the horse raising business, perhaps a skill he learned from his father. Whatever the list of reasons, the wish to acquire new land must have been a compelling one but it is also likely that the reasons may have been religious as well as economic. One wonders how important religious conviction was in prompting the westward migration of so many of the residents of the Virginia frontier. It is known that the aristocratic landowners of the eastern seaboard remained largely with the Episcopal Church, held to their land holdings and were not as active in the migrations to the west and south. It was perhaps a recognition of a sense of community within those converted to the fundamentalist churches that facilitated and indeed impelled the search for new lands and new beginnings.
Raised in the traditions of the Colonial Church of England in which his father was a staunch participant, Matthew (II) renounced that association and embraced the growing, enthusiastic flood to the fundamentalist, evangelical calling of the Baptist Church. He felt so converted to this belief that he became a minister in that church along with his immediate neighbors, James and John Edens. After his move to Tennessee, he founded the Sinking Creek Baptist church in present day Carter County and became its first preacher.
Samuel Edens asserts that "I have traced John, James and Alexander [Edens] from Buckingham Co VA to Bedford Co VA and then to Watauga Settlement in TN. They traveled with and lived among the Chastains. John and James Chastain and James and John Edens were Baptists preachers. Matthew Talbot along with John Chastain founded the Sinking Creek Church in Carter Co TN. Matthew Talbot was the first pastor and James Edens was the second pastor. In order to more precisely trace their movements I would like to know more about Matthew Talbot. I understand he married in either Augusta Co., VA or in Bedford Co., VA. How and when did Matthew Talbot become aquatinted with James and John Edens and James and John Chastain? Was it in Bedford Co., VA or in Watauga Settlement? It appears that maybe Matthew, James E, John E, James C, and John C were all circuit riding preachers and I believe that they all went down the Great Indian Warriors Path from VA to TN and founded the Mother of All Churches in TN. I believe that Matthew (II) Talbot stayed but John Edens, John Chastain and James Chastain returned to Bedford Co for a few years and then went back to Watauga Settlement and on to Pendleton Co., SC in the early 1780's…."
Michael Hyder wrote about his ancestor, J. Hampton Hyder, (Uncle Hampie) and the (Sinking Creek Baptist Church). " ... A tradition handed down from Uncle "Hampie" Hyder, a veteran pioneer Baptist preacher for more than forty years, tells that during the winter of 1775 two preachers, John and Charles Chastain, held a revival at the home of Charles Robertson. Matthew Talbot, a local preacher of the same faith, was then instrumental in continuing the work. However, because of Indian raids in the summer of 1776, the services were neglected. Sometime about 1777 or 1778 Talbot reorganized the church and served as its pastor until his removal to Georgia about 1783. Jonathan Mulkey and Joshua Kelly also probably preached at Sinking Creek before 1783. Hyder came into the Sinking Creek Church in 1836, just sixty years after the supposed founding. He would have been in a position to hear from the earliest settlers an eye-witness account of what had happened."
Matthew II remained an ardent pastor of the Baptist Church throughout the remainder of his life and continued to preach the Gospel until his death. Other children of Matthew and Mary Williston Talbot repeated his conversion for his brother Charles also became a Baptist, his brother John a Presbyterian. . Each generation of his descendants have had many who chose to follow in his footsteps as ministers and preachers. The family has had a deeply religious character no doubt due in part to the abiding faith that Matthew (II) transmitted to his children. No event during the lives of Matthew (II) and Mary so changed their own life as well as the lives of the generations of their descendants that were to follow.
Many of the residents of Bedford County moved to this area at the same time. Mary and Cleavers Barksdale, his daughter and son-in-law, were among them. Nicholas Hale, his brother-in-law, is noted to have been a founder of the Kendrick Creek Baptist church in nearby Sullivan County.
At the Sycamore Shoals State Park headquarters there is a historical research paper that was compiled but never published. Its title is "Historical Research - Sycamore Shoals State Park & Colonel John Carter House; chapter IV - Land Use Study; pages 66 - 254; done by the Department of Conservation, Tenn.; by Miss Pollyanna Creekmore, primary Source Researcher, and Mrs. Muriel C. Spoden, secondary Source Researcher for the Tenn. Historical commission and the Tenn. Department of Conservation".
At the mouth of Buffalo Creek, Cleavers Barksdell, by 1778, settled on the west side, and Matthew Talbot by 1775, on the east side (see hereafter for details on this property). They built their residences and established their plantations along the banks of the Watauga River at this location. Adjoining their land on the south and on both sides of Buffalo Creek was Andrew Taylor, Sr.'s 450-acre land grant which survey had been entered for him by Christopher Cunningham, Sr. his immediate neighbor on the south and also on both sides of Buffalo Creek. Both men had brought their families from Virginia and built their homes at these locations. Christopher Cunningham's daughter, Jane married Andrew Taylor, Sr.'s eldest son, Isaac Taylor. Andrew Taylor Sr. was the progenitor of the famous Taylor family who have contributed so much to the history of Tennessee
Participating in this upheaval, Matthew Talbot erected a fort, known as Fort Watauga, on his property. As legend has it, John Sevier, the hero of the battle of Kings Mountain in 1780, assembled his men at Fort Watauga the night before marching to that successful battle at Kings Mountain against the British under the command of Colonel Ferguson. Matthew (II) is credited with having provisioned these American troops during their encampment there. The area is now in Carter County, TN, near the present town of Johnson City.
During this time four of Mathew (II)’s sons fought in the revolution. Matthew (II), too old to be in battle, served his new country and the Commonwealth of Virginia in the Patriotic Service as Commissary and provisionary. Although Matthew (II) probably was not engaged in the Battle, his four older sons were - Edmund and Clayton being too young to fight. Thomas was wounded there.
From Fort Watauga, the American force marched for miles through rain, snow and over treacherous terrain. By early afternoon they came upon the British. At 3 p.m., without having rested or had refreshment, the Battle commenced. In an hour, it was over and the British were laid decimate. The American losses were 28 killed and 62 injured; surely Thomas Talbot’s scalp wound was among that number.
The Move to Wilkes County, Georgia
It was during the sojourn in Watauga, in 1785, that Mary Hale Talbot, Matthew’s wife of thirty-two years died, and soon after the years in the Tennessee country came to an end. He was approaching sixty years of age by that time. Exactly what motives prompted him to forsake his life there is not known and he left no known record to reveal them. But around 1783-1785 he moved with what remained of his family to Wilkes County, Georgia, where his younger brother John, who had become a very successful planter and political leader, had settled just a few years before. Furthermore, current scholarship has revealed that his half sister, Martha, and her husband, Barnabus Arthur, were either living there, came about the same time, or soon afterward. Whether it was Mary’s death, his ministry, the wanderlust of a pioneer, or family ties, the fact of his moving is certain. His brothers, Charles and James, had died during the American Revolution and his half-brother, Isham, had moved to Kentucky, and so there could very well have been some interest on his part in being nearer his sister and brother. In addition, a number of families from Bedford County and Campbell County in Virginia had relocated in Wilkes County, Georgia during and immediately after the American Revolution. He perhaps abandoned his ranching interests as he did the gristmill and pursued the ministry as his principal occupation.
Matthew (III), William, Edmund, and Clayton joined their father in the move to Wilkes County. Mary, Hale, and Thomas stayed in Watauga although Hale left for Kentucky after a short time and Thomas relocated further west in Nashville. The four brothers who accompanied their father to Georgia soon found brides and began families of their own. Matthew (III) and William married Lucy Bailey and Mary Bailey, perhaps sisters although no records have been found to substantiate that speculation. Clayton married Mary Crews and Edmund married Mary Harvey. Mary Harvey's father was a preacher, an occupation that her new husband was to follow for the remainder of his life.
Matthew (II) Talbot, now a widower, and with his family at or near adulthood, surely continued his ministry but we have no record of that effort. He was married a second time to a woman named Agnes. It is not known whether the union occurred in Tennessee or in Georgia, or who her antecedents were. They had no children.
Matthew (II) Talbot lived perhaps a quarter century or more in Georgia. Unfortunately, the paucity of records available to document that time provides little insight as to the events that filled those years. By the time of his death in Morgan County, Georgia in 1812, he had many grandchildren. All his children with the exception of Matthew (III) were still living. He had survived all his siblings with the exception of his half brother, Isham, who was living in Kentucky at the time of Matthew(II)'s death and with whom he had probably had little contact.
And so ended the life of a truly great man. He had seen the young country grow from a collection of thirteen struggling colonies to become a world power. Its economic muscle was strong and would become even mightier. He could look back on a life that had been filled with hardship and much adventure and surely he could take pride in having been a substantial player in a saga that few had witnessed and perhaps even fewer had thought possible. He could not know then that his descendants would find their place in a host of disciplines and that many would distinguish themselves in significant ways. But surely, he would have been the most pleased with knowledge that so many of his descendants would follow his example to serve others, either as ministers, physicians and other health care professionals, or teachers. He had laid the groundwork well.
The Children of Matthew (II) Talbot and Mary Hale Day Talbot
Elizabeth was the oldest child in the family of Matthew (II) and Mary although she was not the natural child of Matthew (II), her father having been Thomas Day to whom Mary Hale was first married. Not only is her date of birth unknown, but so is her date of death and the names of any descendants. It appears that she married Reuben Prickett in Bedford County, Virginia on January 4, 1773. A Matthew Talbot served as surety. There is no evidence that this Matthew was her stepfather although it seems certain that he was. Current scholarship has failed to reveal anything further about Elizabeth.
Mary Talbot is thought to be the first child born to Matthew (II) and Mary. Her date of birth is unknown. Indeed, it may be that she was not the first child because her brother, Hale, was born in December 1754 and if Matthew and Mary’s marriage date is correct, there would have hardly been sufficient time for two children to have been born. She married Cleavers Barksdale in Bedford County, Virginia on May 24, 1772. That marriage date supports her having been the first born for she would have been about 18 or 19 years of age in 1772. If her birth order had been later (after 1757), she would not have been of marriageable age in 1772.
Some sources assert that Mary and Cleavers moved to the Watauga area of what is now Tennessee with Mary’s parents. Land records show Barksdale owning land adjoining Matthew (II) in Watauga. We do not know if Cleavers saw action during the American Revolution but it is quite likely that he would have served in some capacity because his in-laws were actively engaged in the struggle for independence. There was a record showing that Cleavers Barksdale served as Sheriff of Washington County in Tennessee. At least one source reports that Cleavers Barksdale died in 1784 in Abbeville, South Carolina. Abbeville is very near the Georgia State line and almost directly east of Wilkes County. The record after 1784 is silent.
Virgil Talbot asserts " The Barksdales owned 320 acres on the other side of Buffalo Creek from his father in law." John White claims, "that Mary Talbot Barksdale had only one child, Patsy, who married her first cousin, a Barksdale. She later married Cal Adams and died in Alabama."
Hale Talbot – December 5, 1754 – August 31, 1828
Hale is the first of the children of Matthew (II) and Mary about whom more is known. His birth and death were documented in Virgil Talbot’s work, The Talbots, Centuries of Service, and some of his descendants have other family records. He married Elizabeth "Betsey" Irvine in Bedford County, Virginia on September 18, 1778. Since Hale was actively engaged in the American Revolution while living in Watauga, it seems likely that he and his new wife accompanied his father and mother when they moved there. Moreover, the date of his marriage would help to establish the time of the senior Talbot's removal to Watauga but that may be mere speculation. His parents could have gone earlier and he and Elizabeth joined them later. It does appear that their first child, Christopher, was born in Watauga.
Hale served in the American Revolution and he, along with his three younger brothers, was probably at the Battle of Kings Mountain. Hale and Elizabeth remained in Tennessee for a few years after the Revolution but before the turn of the century, they had relocated to Kentucky. Some records indicate that their move to Kentucky occurred in 1783. It can be established that the move occurred before 1798 because David I. Talbot, the fourth child, was born in Kentucky in 1798.
By 1810, Hale had left Kentucky for the opportunities in the Missouri Territory. In that year, Hale and his son, Christopher, along with two slaves left Kentucky, found land in Missouri Territory, cleared a portion of the land, planted a vegetable crop, and returned to Kentucky to collect the remainder of his family for the relocation to Missouri. In addition to his family, Hale Talbot brought with him 76 brood mares. He sold horses to the Army, and probably to other frontiersmen as well. One of his sons is credited with having introduced American horses into Cuba.
Virgil Talbot reports that Hale, while living in Kentucky, had "helped raise" Lindsey Carson and that Carson accompanied Hale to Missouri in 1810. Lindsay Carson would later name his own son, Christopher, after Hale’s oldest son. Christopher "Kit" Carson would grow up to become the famous Army officer, scout, and Indian fighter.
The children of Hale and Elizabeth were active in the move for Missouri statehood in 1820. The reader will recall that Missouri’s interest in coming into the Union as a slave state fueled the on-going debate over slavery in the territories. The Compromise of 1820 grew out of this debate and Missouri was admitted as a slave state but further admissions of territories to statehood provided for a pairing in which one slave state and one free state would be admitted together. James Talbot, the husband of Hale’s daughter, Jane, was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and later served as a representative in the Missouri Legislature. James Talbot, a prominent physician, was the son of Isham Talbot and the grandson of Matthew (I) and Jane Clayton Talbot.
Hale and Elizabeth lived in Missouri about 17 years. They died within a year of each other, she on September 1, 1827 and Hale on August 31, 1828. They had been married almost 49 years. Both were buried in Montgomery County, Missouri. The reader may click here to see pictures of the burial sites as well as the grave marker for Christopher Talbot.
Descendants of Hale Talbot
1 Hale Talbot b: December
5, 1754 in Bedford Co.,VA d: August 31, 1828 in Montogomery Co.,MO-L'Outre
.. +Elizabeth"Betsey" Irvine b: January 5, 1760 in Bedford Co.,VA m: September 18, 1778 in Bedford Co., VA d: September 1, 1827 in Montgomery Co.,MO
. 2 Christopher Talbot b: June 19, 1788 d: August 22, 1856
..... +Susan Parrish
. 2 Thomas Talbot b: 1781
. 2  William Talbot b: 1783 d: June 14, 1874
..... +Jane Ferguson
. *2nd Wife of  William Talbot:
..... +FNU Bascom
. 2 Nancy Talbot b: 1788 d: Bef. June 1845 in Montgomery Co.,MO-Loutre Island
..... +Irvine Smith Pitman
. 2 David I. Talbot b: May 11, 1798 in KY d: November 24, 1852 in Montogomery Co.,MO-L'Outre Island, MO-McKittrick
..... +Susan Clark b: 1809 in KY d: January 11, 1852 in Montogomery Co.,MO-L'Outre Island, MO-McKittrick
. 2 Elizabeth Talbot b: 1800
..... +Matthew McGirk
. 2 Pauline "Polly" Talbot b: 1802
..... +James Pitzer
. 2 Sophia Talbot b: 1806
..... +Fletcher Wright
. 2 Jane Talbot b: 1808
..... +James Talbot, MD d: Abt. October 17, 1835
Matthew (III) - 1756 - 1804
The oldest child of Matthew(III) and Lucy Bailey Talbot was Joseph Hale Talbot. Joseph Hale Talbot married Bethany Callaway in 1797 in Wilkes County, Georgia. There were eleven children from this marriage. Two of those children, John R. and Isiah T., left Georgia sometime around the Civil War and settled in Chambers County, Alabama where they became active members of the community and very active members of the County Line Baptist Church. The serious Talbot student will recall that Green Berry Talbot, among others, had organized the County Line Baptist Church in 1835. So, a half-century later Green Berry's 1st cousins, once removed, settled in the same place and became leaders of the Church.
One of the most famous of the "Talbot" sons descended from Matthew (III) was Claude Denson Pepper who grew up in Dudleyville, Alabama and was a member of the County Line Baptist Church. Claude Pepper became a Senator and a United States Congressman from Florida but he never forgot the importance of those tender years at Dudleyville and the enormous influence the County Line Baptist Church had on his life. A more complete story of his life can be found by clicking on his link on the Talbot web site.
Descendants of Matthew(III) Talbot
1  Matthew(III) Talbot b: 1756 in Bedford Co., VA d: 1804 in Davidson
.. +Lucy Bailey b: 1760 m: 1777 in Morgan Co., GA-Talbotton d: Aft. 1792
. 2 Joseph Hale Talbot b: 1778 in Morgan Co., GA d: February 15, 1858 in Wilkes Co., GA-Callaway Cemetery
..... +Bethany Callaway b: January 07, 1780 in Wilkes Co., GA m: 1797 in Wilkes Co., GA d: May 16, 1871 in Chambers Co., AL
. 2 Lucy Bailey Talbot b: 1780 in Morgan Co., GA
. 2 Mary Talbot b: 1782 in Morgan Co., GA
. 2 Harriett Talbot b: 1783 in Morgan Co., GA
. 2 FNU Talbot b: 1785 in Morgan Co., GA d: in Texas
. 2 Nancy Talbot b: 1788 in Morgan Co., GA
..... +Robert Middlebrooks b: 1766 in Caswell Co., NC d: About 1841 in Monroe Co., GA
. 2 Phoebe Talbot b: 1792 in Morgan Co., GA
..... +FNU Dillard m: 1810
*2nd Wife of  Matthew(III) Talbot:
.. +Jane Quarles m: 1792 in Campbell Co., VA
. 2 John Quarles Talbot b: 1793 in Davidson Co., TN d: in Baton Rouge, LA
. 2 Leticia Talbot b: 1795 in Davidson Co., TN
..... +D. Hodge m: 1812 in Galletin, TN
. 2 Sallie Talbot b: 1797 in Davidson Co., TN
..... + Issac Settler
. 2 Catherine "Kitty" Talbot b: 1799 in Davidson Co., TN
..... +Henry Hagen m: March 10, 1812 in Davidson Co., TN
. 2 Pamelie Talbot b: 1801 in Davidson Co., TN d: 1879 in Somersville, TN
..... +Henry Cooper
. 2 Matilda Talbot b: 1803 in Davidson Co., TN
..... + Issac Settler m: October 14, 1813 in Davidson Co., TN
Thomas Talbot was born in Virginia and when a young man, moved with his father and brothers to the Watauga Settlement in what would become Tennessee, the first self-governing community in the United States. Along with his father and several of his brothers, he volunteered for militia service under John Sevier and was present at the Battle of Kings Mountain where he was wounded in the head by a musket ball, the scar of which remained with him throughout his life. He served as the Sheriff for Washington County, North Carolina, a county that would become part of the State of Tennessee.
Thomas Talbot received a grant of 200 acres by the State of North Carolina,
lying on the Duck River, beginning at Thomas and Alexander Greer's north
east corner, west with Thomas and Alexander Greer's line crossing a large
branch, cross fork of Lick Creek, crossed Duck River twice.
History of Western North Carolina - Chapter VI - The State of Franklin
By John Preston Arthur, 1914
HTML by Jeffrey C. Weaver, October 1998
Thomas married Ruth Greer, the daughter of another distinguished frontiersman, Andrew Greer. Together in 1785, they moved to Fort Nashborough, which would in time become the city of Nashville. He purchased a large acreage north of the Cumberland River adjoining Eaton's station and extending from the Dickerson Pike to the river. Here in 1791 he built a large house and operated a plantation that included many fruit trees from which he made brandy.
In 1804, together with his brother Clayton, he opened a tavern on the east side of the square that for many years would be a center of Nashville society and politics. Talbot's new tavern became the leading hotel of the city and it was here that Andrew Jackson gave a public dinner in honor of Aaron Burr. In 1813, the tavern was the scene of the famous brawl between Andrew Jackson and John Coffee on one side and Jesse and Thomas Hart Benton on the other. Jackson was seriously wounded during this fight. Thomas Talbot was for many years one of the leading citizens of Nashville and died at his plantation home on 28 January 1831. Sometime before his death, he married Elizabeth Paw. All of his children were by his first wife, Ruth Greer.
In 1802, where the Nashville Inn stood was a frame house owned by William T. Leavis and kept as a Tavern by Isham A. Parker, and afterwards by Clayton Talbot and others. Thomas Talbot owned and kept a frame house on the north side of the square, where the Ensley Block now is, for many years. [History of Davidson County, Tennessee, 1880)
Descendants of Thomas Talbot
1  Thomas Talbot b: April 17, 1760 in Bedford Co., VA d: January
28, 1831 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville
.. +Ruth Greer b: April 29, 1768 in Albemarle Co, VA m: 1785 in Washington Co., TN-probably d: October 07, 1819 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville
. 2 Mary Talbot b: January 22, 1786 d: December 13, 1860 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville
..... +Samuel E. Hogg, MD b: April 18, 1783 in Halifax Co., NC m: April 01, 1806 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville d: May 28, 1842 in Rutherford Co., TN
. 2 Eli Talbot b: July 01, 1787 d: August 13, 1832 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville
..... +Delia Waters b: September 24, 1791 m: May 30, 1811 in Davidson Co., TN d: October 20, 1875
. 2 Sophia Western Talbot b: 1790 d: 1816 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville
..... +Elisha S. Hall b: 1786 m: January 11, 1808 in Davidson Co., TN d: 1857
. 2 Caroline Talbot b: July 27, 1794 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville d: September 08, 1832 in Greene Co., AL
..... +William Harvey Talbot b: September 05, 1790 in Washington Co., GA m: January 06, 1820 in Davidson Co., TN d: January 03, 1863 in Sumter Co., AL
. 2 Thomas J. Talbot b: Aft. July 27, 1794 d: July 08, 1835
..... +Sarah Ann Hinton m: July 15, 1829 in Davidson Co., TN
. 2  Joseph Hale Talbot b: Aft. 1795
..... +Almedia Sanders d: October 10, 1835
. *2nd Wife of  Joseph Hale Talbot:
..... +Martha P. E. Freeman
. 2 Eliza Jane Talbot b: Aft. 1796
..... +A. Button Taylor
. 2 Matthew Talbot b: Aft. 1797
. 2 Ruth Rebecca Talbot b: Aft. 1798
..... +James Young m: March 14, 1832 in Davidson Co., TN
. 2 Sarah Greer Talbot b: April 15, 1798 d: June 24, 1838
..... +Thomas Hamilton Fletcher b: September 15, 1792 in Albemarle Co., VA m: Bet. January 12 - 20, 1814 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville d: January 12, 1845 in Nashville, TN
*2nd Wife of  Thomas Talbot:
.. +Elizabeth Parr m: June 04, 1821 in Sumner Co., TN
William Talbot's early life followed the same pattern as that of his older brothers and sister. He was a teenager when the family moved from Virginia to the Watauga area. Undoubtedly, he was engaged in the work of his father and must have kept busy with duties at the grist mill and stock tending. He served in the American Revolution as did his older brothers although there is limited data to describe his or their service. The National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution has published works in which William's descendants have made reference to his Revolutionary War service.
Although no written record has been found to determine why he moved to Wilkes County, Georgia, it appears certain that he accompanied his father in the relocation, probably after 1785 but before 1788.
He was 28 years of age when he married Mary Bailey in Morgan County, Georgia in 1789. She was 25. To them would be born 12 children, eleven of whom would survive into adulthood with large families of their own. In his will, written in 1831, he named each of his 11 living children. William and Mary were farmers although they may have engaged in other business pursuits as well.
A much more complete historu of the life and times of William and Mary Bailey Talbot is available on the Talbot web site. The reader is encouraged to view the account of this remarkable couple.
The children of William and Mary left a record of accomplishment that has served as a lamp to their descendants in looking for ancestors.
1  William Talbot b: 1761 in Bedford Co., VA
d: Bef. August 5, 1831 in Walton Co.,GA
.. +Mary Bailey b: 1764 in Morgan Co., GA m: 1789 in Morgan/Clarke Co., GA d: 1825 in Morgan Co., GA
. 2  Green Berry Talbot b: November 25, 1791 in Wilkes Co., GA d: December 27, 1875 in Calhoun Co., AR
..... +Mary "Polly" Grant Hughes b: February 6, 1795 m: December 15, 1812 in Morgan Co., GA d: August 13, 1813 in Morgan Co., GA
. *2nd Wife of  Green Berry Talbot:
..... +Mary Tate Anthony b: February 6, 1795 in Jasper Co., GA m: January 12, 1815 in Morgan Co., GA d: November 8, 1885 in Calhoun Co., AR
. 2 Bailey Talbot b: Abt. 1792 in Prob Wilkes Co.,GA d: Bef. 1831 in Prob. Wilkes Co.,GA
. 2 Lucy Talbot b: 1793 in Morgan Co., GA d: 1862 in Probably Morgan Co.,GA
..... +Thomas Swift b: 1787 in Prob North Carolina m: December 19, 1810 in Morgan Co.,GA d: 1857 in Probably Morgan Co.,GA
. 2 Matthew Talbot b: Abt. 1795 in Morgan Co., GA
..... +Elizabeth "Betsy" Hughes m: October 4, 1815 in Morgan Co.,GA
. 2 Harriett Talbot b: September 11, 1799 in Walton Co.,Ga d: May 12, 1872 in Greene Co.,GA-Crawford Cem 8 miles west of Greensboro
..... +William Hinton Crawford b: September 24, 1798 in Greene Co.,GA m: December 12, 1822 in Monroe Co,Ga d: February 22, 1868 in Greene Co.,GA-Crawford Cem 8 miles west of Greensboro
. 2 Mary Hale Talbot b: July 26, 1802 in Morgan Co., GA d: December 28, 1878 in Prob. Walton Co.,GA-New Hope Methodist Ch. Cem.
..... +William Branch Nunnally b: December 6, 1791 in Powhattan, VA m: October 10, 1820 in Probably Walton Co.,GA d: January 8, 1858 in Prob. Walton Co.,GA-New Hope Methodist Ch. Cem.
. 2 William Talbot b: Abt. 1804 in Morgan Co., GA
..... +Catherine Whatley b: Abt. 1807 in GA m: December 21, 1825 in Morgan Co.,GA
. 2 James Talbot b: December 10, 1805 in Morgan Co., GA d: 1862 in Robertson Co.,TX
..... +Hannah Herring b: April 14, 1804 in SC m: April 17, 1832 in Pike Co.,AL d: January 1, 1855 in Prob. Robertson Co.,TX
. 2 Hale Talbot b: November 16, 1807 in Clark/Morgan Co.,GA d: October 13, 1890 in Pike Co.,AL-Oakwood Cem #78
..... +Mary Ann "Polly" Townsend b: December 23, 1813 in Morgan Co.,GA m: December 31, 1829 in Montgomery Co.,AL d: June 22, 1893 in Pike Co.,AL
. 2 Elizabeth Talbot b: Abt. 1809 in Morgan Co., GA d: November 1836 in Robertson Co.,TX-Calvert-Massacred by Indians
..... +John Harvey b: 1805 in Alabama m: September 19, 1826 in Morgan Co.,GA d: November 1836 in Robertson Co.,TX-Calvert-Massacred by Indians
. 2  Martha Talbot b: 1812 in Morgan Co., GA d: 1882
..... +Jesse B. Phillips b: 1798 m: Abt. 1829 d: 1842
. *2nd Husband of  Martha Talbot:
..... +Jesse Fitzpatrick b: 1790 m: 1844 d: 1865
. 2 Emily Talbot b: Abt. 1813 in Morgan Co., GA
..... +John Greer m: June 23, 1830 in Greene Co.,AL
*2nd Wife of  William Talbot:
.. +Elizabeth Fullalove b: 1782 in North Carolina m: June 12, 1830 in Clarke County, GA d: 1859 in Georgia
The Rev. Edmund Talbot lived on a Chattahoochee River Plantation though he owned a large amount of property in Columbia, Alabama. He gave the site for a school where Houston High School was later located. He also gave property for the location of both the Baptist and Methodist Churches near the school. He probably was the donor of the land for the Cemetery as well. He was a very successful plantation owner and had substantial land holdings.
He built the Baptist Church and was pastor for sixteen years. He was a unique character. He performed many wedding ceremonies and claimed the privilege of being the first to kiss the bride. Many slaves whom he had in for daily prayers were members of his church
Jesse H. Campbell wrote "… Mr. Talbot was in our Associations what John Randolph was in Congress: if any thing went wrong, he was sure to expose it, hurt whom it might. He was a plain, straightforward man, having no secrets to keep, nor private ends to advance. He was considered a discerner of spirits; i.e. a good judge of men's motives. If a suspicious character, in the garb of a preacher was about, he was sure to detect him and tear away his mask. He was tall and slender in person, and had but little education; but his faithfulness in exposing error was proverbial."
Mary Harvey Talbot died in 1807 in Washington County at the age of 37. In 1809, Edmund was married to Suzannah Cawthon. She had been married three times previously and had a son, William Cawthon Wilson. Edmund reared young William as his own son.
Edmund Talbot lived a long life, filled with many accomplishments. In 1849 he wrote Memorandum of the Talbot Family, the oldest known written history of the family. He died in 1858 at the age of 91.
Descendants of Edmund Talbot
1  Edmund Talbot b: March 28, 1767 in Bedford Co., VA d: 1858
in Henry Co., AL
.. +Mary Harvey b: 1770 in Washington Co., GA m: 1788 probably in Washington Co., GA d: 1807 in Washington Co., GA
. 2  William Harvey Talbot b: September 05, 1790 in Washington Co., GA d: January 03, 1863 in Sumter Co., AL
..... +Caroline Talbot b: July 27, 1794 in Davidson Co., TN-Nashville m: January 06, 1820 in Davidson Co., TN d: September 08, 1832 in Greene Co., AL
. *2nd Wife of  William Harvey Talbot:
..... +Nancy Parr m: April 19, 1836 in Greene Co., AL d: Before April 1838
. *3rd Wife of  William Harvey Talbot:
..... +Rhoda Dance b: May 1793 in NC m: October 23, 1838 in Greene Co., AL d: March 1865 in Sumter Co., AL
. 2 Sarah "Salley" Talbot b: Before 1795
..... +FNU Davis
. 2 John Talbot b: Before 1797
..... +Irene Vasseur m: December 23, 1819 in Jones Co., GA
. 2 Martha Talbot b: Before 1799
..... +Allen Ashburn b: About 1800 probably in Bertie Co., NC m: November 29, 1821 in Jones Co., GA d: Aft. 1860 in GA
. 2 Matthew Talbot b: June 05, 1800 in Washington Co., GA d: October 01, 1876 in Matagorda Co., TX-Calvert
..... +Harriet Sarah Gayle b: September 29, 1809 m: February 01, 1831 in Mobile, AL d: February 24, 1851
. 2 Mary Pauline "Polly" Talbot b: Before 1803 d: Before 1840 in Omaha, GA-Summer Hill Church Cemetery
..... +Wiley Bullard m: September 26, 1833 in Stewart Co., GA d: 1863 in Mitchell Co., GA
. 2 Elizabeth Talbot b: Before 1805
..... +FNU Walker
*2nd Wife of  Edmund Talbot:
.. +Suzanne (McCullough) Cawthon b: November 22, 1775 m: 1809 in Washington Co., GA d: 1843 in Henry Co., AL
. 2 Eliza Talbot
..... +FNU Cason
. 2 Amelia Talbot
..... +Frederick Porter
. 2 Amanda Fitzallen Talbot
..... +Alexander Irvin Robinson, MD b: in Columbus, GA
Clayton Merriwether Talbot
Clayton Merriwether Talbot, surely the namesake of his stepmother, Jane Clayton, was born about 1765. The scant records available show different years for his birth and even his birth order may have been next to last rather than last. He was a small child when his mother and father moved from Virginia to the Watauga Settlement and he was only in his mid teens when his mother died and his father relocated to Georgia.
When his mother died in 1785, he accompanied his father to Wilkes County, Georgia, the home of his uncle, John Talbot. There in 1790, he married Mary Crews who must have been a beautiful southern lady for she was often referred to as "Pretty Polly Crews". The first child, Melinda, was born in Wilkes County in 1793, coincidentally, the same year that Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin while a teacher on the plantation of John Talbot.
But within a year, Clayton and Mary had moved to Russellville, Kentucky and there their second child, Susan, was born on February 17, 1794. Fletcher asserted that they were still living in Kentucky three years later when their third child, Sophia Western Talbot, was born on August 13, 1797. Sophia reported on the 1850 Census that she had been born in Alabama. Clayton’s occupation during this period is unknown.
The family moved to Nashville, Tennessee and Clayton was engaged the tavern and inn keeping business with his older brother, Thomas. Robert Howe Fletcher, Jr. writes in his work, Genealogical Sketch of Certain of the American Descendants of Matthew Talbot, Gentleman, that Thomas and Clayton were engaged in the construction business. John White claims that Clayton was a tavern and innkeeper in South Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama. All of this seems consistent and it does establish that Clayton was not likely in the farming business or at least its actual practice.
The Census records of 1800 and 1810 for Georgia and Tennessee have been lost. The search for Clayton in 1820 has not been successful although it seems probable that the family lived in Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, or Alabama during the period.
In 1813, the famous duel of Andrew Jackson and Thomas Hart Benton occurred in Clayton Talbot's Tavern. We pick up the story with the account that follows …
"Now defend yourself, you damned rascal!" Jackson cried.
The words were a fuse which set off a paroxysm of gunfire, pushing, pulling, wrestling, fist-fighting, shoving, gouging, stabbing, and jabbing. The General drew a pistol from under his coat, and strode toward Thomas. Promptly, Jesse aimed and fired on Jackson from a sort of ambush in the barroom next to the passage, while Jackson shot at Thomas, and Thomas drew his gun and fired twice at the General in return. In the crash of pistols, Jackson toppled to the floor, blood spurting from his left arm, while the muzzle blast of his weapon seared a hole in Thomas's coat-sleeve. The towering Colonel Coffee now charged through the smoke. He blazed away at Thomas, but his ball slashed harmlessly past the young man's head into the wall.
By this time, three other men were in the battle. The struggling, weaving figures lunged through the hall and into the barroom. Disarmed, Thomas found John Coffee and Alexander Donelson rushing him with drawn daggers, while Jesse was attacked by Charles Hammond with a dagger and by the gigantic Stockley Hays with a sword cane. Retreating backwards down the hall, Thomas received five slight knife-wounds. In the barroom, Hammond and Hays got Jesse on his back and stabbed at him while he tried to parry the blades with his bare hands. He was saved only when another warrior, James Sumner, rushed in and helped drive off his attackers. In the struggle, Jesse clapped a pistol to the body of Stockley Hays to blow him through, but the gun missed fire. The melee now came to a farcical peak. Fending off the daggers and clubbed pistols of Coffee and Donelson, the bulky, dignified Thomas managed to fall backwards down a flight of stairs at the rear of the hotel.
This bit of slapstick ended the engagement, and now Jackson was discovered lying, bleeding, in the back doorway. The man who had advised his junior officer against brawling like the fishwoman had precipitated a fray in which he had nearly lost his own life. He was carried from Talbot's to the Nashville Inn, where he soaked two mattresses through with his blood, while the Nashville physicians took turns trying to save him. Meanwhile, Thomas and Jesse strutted in front of Talbot's, denouncing Jackson as an assassin and a defeated assassin at that, defying him to come out and renew the battle. Finally, Thomas took to the public square a sword of Jackson's he had found, and ceremoniously broke it in two in front of the watching crowd - a symbolic conclusion of the affray.
(Old Bullion Benton by William Nisbet Chambers, pages 51-52
Little, Brown & Company, Boston, 1956)
The 1830 Census for Madison County, Alabama listed Clayton, age 60-70, an unknown female, age 20-30, and fourteen slaves for a total of 16 in the household. Fletcher asserts, "… Clayton and his family moved to Huntsville, Alabama where he became interested in real estate, and incidentally, built the first brick building in Huntsville. He did not live in the city, however, but resided on a nearby plantation in the pleasant style of the prosperous landed proprietor of those days…". After Mary's death, Clayton and his unmarried daughter, Sophia Western Talbot went to live in Kentucky on his farm called, "Pomona", in Jefferson County.
The 1840 Census for Jefferson County, KY, City of Louisville, listed Clayton along with 1 male slave. Clayton's age was shown as 60-70 but that seems to be an error in the recording. The 1850 Census for Jefferson County, KY, City of Louisville, listed Clayton, age 86, in the household of his daughter, Sophia Gwynne, who reported that she was 45. If, indeed, that birth date is accurate, the Fletcher book incorrectly reported her birth date. Fletcher asserted that Clayton died in 1855. He is buried in the Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Kentucky. That burial plot also contains the remains of his three daughters. Mary Crews Talbot died about 1830 and the place of her burial is unknown but it was likely in Alabama..
Gilbert Stuart, the famous artist who painted Washington, also painted a portrait of Clayton Talbot, a priceless piece still in the possession of his descendants. Clayton also had salt and pepper shakers which have been preserved and which contain some evidence to connect the family to the Shrewsbury nobility.
Descendants of Clayton Merriwether Talbot
1 Clayton Merriwether Talbot b: 1765 in Bedford Co., VA d: December
13, 1855 in Jefferson Co., KY-Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville
.. +Mary Crews b: About 1770 m: 1790 in Wilkes Co., GA d: About 1830
. 2 Melinda Talbot b: February 07, 1793 in Wilkes Co., GA???? d: November 02, 1877 in Jefferson Co., KY-Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville
..... +John Pope Oldham b: 1785 m: 1811 d: April 08, 1858 in Jefferson Co., KY-Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville
. 2 Susan Talbot b: February 17, 1794 in Russellville, KY d: November 22, 1870 in Pee Wee Valley, KY
..... +Gideon Brown, MD m: November 09, 1812 in Jefferson Co., KY d: 1824
. 2 Sophia Western Talbot b: August 13, 1797 in Russellville, KY d: June 16, 1892 in Jefferson Co., KY-Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville
..... +David Gwynne m: 1815 in Louisville, KY d: 1821
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