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John Brown Farm Cemetery

North Elba, Essex County, New York
DIRECTIONS: This family cemetery is located on John Brown Road, .7 miles south of the intersection with Rte. 73.

COORDINATES: N 44° 15.234'    W 073° 58.298'

NOTES:

THE GRAVESITE
    It is believed that twelve men are buried in the three graves inside this fence. On December 8, 1859, six days after he was hanged for leading the raid on Harper's Ferry, John Brown was buried here on his farm. The glass-enclosed headstone marks his grave. His son, Watson, killed during the fighting at Harper's Ferry and whose body was later used for study at a Virginia medical college, was buried in the center grave in 1882. In the third grave are the remains of Oliver Brown, another son killed at Harper's Ferry, and what are believed to be nine other men who took part in the raid. Oliver and probably seven other men lay in a shallow unmarked grave near Harper's Ferry for almost forty years, until they were exhumed and sent to North Elba. On August 30, 1899, they were reinterred here along with the remains of Aaron D. Stevens and Albert Haazlett, two other raiders who were hanged in March 1860 and originally buried in New Jersey.
    Note: The plaque on the large rock in the graveyard lists thirteen people buried here. However, the body of Jeremiah Anderson was, like Watson Brown's, used for anatomical study and his final burial place is unknown.

THE HEADSTONE
    The headstone over John Brown's grave has five names inscribed on it. It was originally carved in memory of his grandfather, Captain John Brown, who died September 5, 1776, while serving in the Continental Army. Captain Brown was buried near New York City. This stone stood in a small cemetery in his home state of Connecticut until 1831, when his widow died and the stone was replaced with a larger one.
    Sometime around 1858, John Brown asked that the old gravestone be shipped to this farm. He later arranged for an inscription to be carved on the back in memory of his son, Frederick, who was killed and buried in Kansas in 1856. On December 2, 1859, the morning of his execution, John Brown directed that three more names be added to the stone: his own, which appears below Captain Brown's; Oliver Brown's, which is below John Brown's; and Watson Brown's, which is on the back, below that of his brother Frederick.




Side 1:
In
Memory of
Capt. John Brown
Who Died At
New York Sept. Ye
3 1776 in the 48
year of his age

JOHN BROWN
Born May 9, 1800
was Executed at Charle[s]
ton, Va. Dec. 2, 1859

OLIVER BROWN
Born Mar. 9, 1839, was
Killed at Harper's Ferry
Oct. 17, 1859


Side 2:
In memory of
FREDERICK
son of John & Dianthe Brown
Born Dec. 21, 1830, and
murdered at Osawatomie
Kansas, Aug. 30, 1856
for his adherence to
the cause of freedom

WATSON BROWN Born
Oct. 7, 1835, was wound
ed at Harper's Ferry
Oct. 17 & Died Oct.
19, 1859


SMALL METAL PLAQUE:
WATSON BROWN
SON OF
JOHN AND MARY A.
1835 - 1859
REMAINS BURIED HERE
OCT. 13, 1882
HE DIED FOR HIS ADHERENCE
TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM.


SMALL METAL PLAQUE:
OLIVER BROWN
SON OF
JOHN AND MARY A.
1839 - 1859
HIS REMAINS
WITH THOSE OF OTHER ASSOCIATES OF
JOHN BROWN AT HARPER'S FERRY
BROUGHT HERE AND REBURIED ON AUG. 30, 1899
THEY ALL DIED FOR THEIR ADHERENCE
TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM.


PLAQUE #1:
JOHN BROWN OF OSAWATOMIE
HERE LIES BURIED
JOHN BROWN
BORN AT TORRINGTON, CONNECTICUT
MAY 9TH, 1800
    HE EMIGRATED TO KANSAS IN 1855 WHERE HE TOOK AN
ACTIVE PART IN THE CONTEST AGAINST THE PRO-SLAVERY PARTY.
    HE GAINED IN AUGUST 1856 A VICTORY AT OSAWATOMIE
OVER A SUPERIOR NUMBER OF MISSOURIANS WHO HAD
INVADED KANSAS (WHENCE HIS SURNAME "OSAWATOMIE")
    HE CONCEIVED THE IDEA OF BECOMING THE LIBERATOR OF
THE NEGRO SLAVES IN THE SOUTH AND ON THE NIGHT OF
OCTOBER 16, 1859 AT THE HEAD OF A DEVOTED BAND OF
22 FOLLOWERS HE SEIZED THE UNITED STATES ARSENAL
AT HARPER'S FERRY, VIRGINIA WITH THE VIEW OF ARMING
THE NEGROS WHO MIGHT COME TO HIS FORTIFIED CAMP.
    IN THE FIGHT WITH THE UNITED STATES TROOPS AND CIVILIANS
WHICH FOLLOWED HE WAS OVERPOWERED AND TAKEN PRISONER
OCTOBER 18, 1859, HE WAS TRIED BY THE COMMMONWEALTH OF VIRGINIA
AT CHARLESTOWN, VIRGINIA AND WAS EXECUTED DECEMBER 2, 1859.

HERE LIE BURIED WITH HIM
TWELVE OF HIS FOLLOWERS
WATSON BROWN (SON OF JOHN BROWN) OF NORTH ELBA, N.Y.
OLIVER BROWN (SON OF JOHN BROWN) OF NORTH ELBA, N.Y.
WILLIAM THOMPSON, OF NORTH ELBA, N.Y.
DAUPHIN ADOLPHUS THOMPSON, OF NORTH ELBA, N.Y.
JOHN HENRI KAGI, ADJUTANT
WILLIAM H. LEEMAN, LIEUTENANT
JEREMIAH C. ANDERSON, LIEUTENANT
STEWARD TAYLOR
DANGERFIELD NEWBY, NEGRO
THE ABOVE TEN MEN WERE KILLED AT THE HARPER'S FERRY FIGHT
AARON D. STEVENS, CAPTAIN
ALBERT HAZLETT, LIEUTENANT
THE ABOVE TWO WERE TAKEN PRISONERS AND HANGED MARCH 16, 1860

On the bottom left:
THE FOLLOWING MEN OF
JOHN BROWN'S BAND ESCAPED BUT WERE
CAPTURED AND HANGED DECEMBER 16, 1859.
JOHN E. COOK, CAPTAIN
EDWIN COPPOC, LIEUTENATN
SHIELDS GREEN, NEGRO
JOHN A. COPELAND, NEGRO
On the bottom right:
THE FOLLOWING MEN OF
JOHN BROWN'S BAND ESCAPED.
OWEN BROWN, CAPTAIN (SON OF JOHN BROWN)
FRANCIS JACKSON MERRIAM
CHARLES PLUMMER TIDD, CAPTIAN
BARCLAY COPPOC
OSBORNE P. ANDERSON, NEGRO
JOHN ANDERSON, NEGRO

THIS TABLET ERECTED THROUGH THE EFFORTS OF BYRON R. BREWSTER OF LAKE PLACID, N.Y. 1916
DESIGNED AND CAST BY JNO. WILLIAMS INC. NEW YORK


PLAQUE #2:
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF THE
WOMEN OF THE JOHN BROWN FAMILY, AND OTHERS,
WHO SO GALLANTLY AIDED THEIR MEN-FOLK,
IN THEIR STRUGGLES AGAINST SLAVERY IN
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AND SHARED
WITH THEM THE BITTER CUP OF SACRIFICE.
MERITING SPECIAL MENTION AMONG THESE ARE:
(1) DIANTHE LUSCK BROWN, 1ST WIFE OF JOHN BROWN,
AND MOTHER OF SEVEN OF HIS CHILDREN;
(2) MARY DAY BROWN, 2ND WIFE AND WIDOW,
AND MOTHER OF THIRTEEN OF HIS CHILDREN.
(3) RUTH BROWN THOMPSON, DAUGHTER OF BROWN,
AND WIFE OF HENRY THOMPSON, CRUSADER
AGAINST SLAVERY IN KANSAS;
(4) ANNE BROWN ADAMS, SARAH BROWN, AND
ELLEN BROWN FABLINGER, DAUGHTER OF BROWN,
WHOSE TENDER DEVOTION TO THEIR
WIDOWED MOTHER, GAVE HER GREAT COMFORT;
(5) MARTHA BREWSTER BROWN, WIFE OF OLIVER
SON OF JOHN, KILLED AT HARPER'S FERRY;
(6) ISABELLA THOMPSON BROWN, WIFE OF WATSON,
SON OF JOHN, KILLED AT HARPER'S FERRY;
(7) MARY B. THOMPSON, WHOSE HUSBAND, WILLIAM,
AND BROTHER-IN-LAW, DAUPHIN, WERE
BOTH KILLED AT HARPER'S FERRY.

THESE NOBLE WOMEN, BY THEIR HALLOWED
DEVOTION TO THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM, AND BY
THEIR WILLINGNESS TO SACRIFICE TO THE DEATH
FOR IT, HAVE ENSHRINED THEMSELVES IN THE
HEARTS OF ALL FREEDOM-LOVING PEOPLES: THEY
ARE AMONG THE GOOD AND GREAT WOMEN, THAT
HAVE CONTRIBUTED MUCH TO
THE GREATNESS OF OUR AMERICA.

ERECTED BY THE MEMBERS AND FRIENDS OF
THE JOHN BROWN MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION,
IN THE SUMMER OF 1946.

J. W. SHIRLEY, PRES.
H. P. JOHNS, VICE PRES.
J. C. G. TEMPLE, SEC.
R. W. HENRY, TREAS.
INEZ CARTER, PRES. LAKE PLACID CHAPTER.