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Freshour Faces Online

Fourth Generation


176. Peter S. RADER (Elizabeth FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1813 in Greene County, Tennessee. He died on 8 Dec 1878 in Rushville, Schuyler County, Illinois. He was buried in Rushville Cemetery.

Peter married Margaret LINTZ on 9 Nov 1828 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  801 F i
Elizabeth RADER.
  802 F ii
Rachel RADER.
  803 M iii
William Henry Harrison RADER.
  804 M iv
John T. RADER.
  805 F v
Margaret RADER.
  806 M vi
Daniel A. RADER.
  807 M vii
Peter C. RADER.
  808 F viii
Lucinda RADER.

178. John "Chucklehead" FRESHOUR (George , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1788. He died on 16 Nov 1870 in Greene County, Tennessee.

Freshour Faces 31, p 11:
I would like to point out that, now that I have done further research, I can see that my initial conclusions about [John "Chucklehead's] family in "Freshour Faces" newsletter issue 11, pages 12-13, were not all correct. John's will was not proved in 1867, and Lydia is a grandchild, rather than a child. It remains clear, however, when looking at the land records and intestate probate records, that Samuel (who died in 1845) and Jacob (in 1840) were his children [Greene Co., TN Administrations and Executors' Settlements, 1802-57, pages 51 and 474 - FHL film #944,401]; and from census records we do know that Abraham and Philip were also his children, even though they were not mentioned in his will because they had died without marrying. Marriage records for all of the [other] children are found in the Greene County records and have been verified [Greene County, Tennessee, Marriages, 1783-1868, Goldene Fills Burgner, records - FHL book 976.891 V2b], and many of the cemetery records are in the county's cemetery books as well [Cemetery Records of Greene Co., TN - FHL book 976.891 V22g; and Greene County Cemeteries from Earliest Dates to 1970-1971 - FHL book 976.891 V22r]. However, some of these birth and death dates are taken from censuses and family group sheets.

Freshour Faces 31, p. 12:
As I stated in newsletter issue 11, I have had a problem with believing that John "Chucklehead" is the son of John and Catherine (Mercer?) Freshour ever since I began looking at the Tennessee Freshour families. Census records always show John Sr. as born about 1766-67 and his wife Catherine as born about 1770-72; they show John "Chucklehead" as born about 1782-84. Even if we take the later year of birth for John "Chucklehead" and the earlier one for Catherine and John, this would make her only 14 years old and John Sr. 18 years old when this child was born. Keeping in mind that conception is nine months earlier, this would be a very unlikely mother, at least, for John "Chucklehead." Knowing that John and Catherine do not show up in the 1790 Pennsylvania census enumeration [1790 Franklin Co., PA census enumeration, pp. 115-116], that John seems to be among those children who are still living at home with John and Eve at that time (and with no extra boy who might be John "Chucklehead"), and that the next of the children thought to belong to them begin about 1799-1800, makes it even less likely.

Furthermore, John "Chucklehead" gave his children totally different names from the other Freshours, not following the usual naming patterns at all (but then again, the same is true of John and Catherine!); his first sons were named Samuel and Jacob. Only late in his child-rearing did they have a son named after his wife's father, Abraham, and the son named Jacob could very well have been named after the son Jacob in the Peters family. Furthermore, John "Chucklehead" lived from the beginning to the end in the Cedar Creek area, rather than in the Cove Creek area where the rest of John and Catherine's children lived when they were first married. The tax records show that only Andrew Stephens, son-in-law of John and Eve Freshour, also had land at Cedar Creek, and only Peter and Elizabeth Rader, daughter of John and Eve, had land at Meadow Creek where the Peters lived. John "Chucklehead" had almost no contacts in the land, court, and probate records with John and Catherine's children.

He did purchase land from Joseph Freshour, son of John and Eve, at the "Crossroads" on Cove Creek in 1842 and sold it for a healthy profit to Andrew S. Freshour (son of Joseph, son of John and Catherine Freshour) in 1851, however, this sounds like more of a business deal than a family affair. He also served as security for the marriage of Hugh Ray to Caty Rader (daughter of Peter and Elizabeth Rader, daughter of John and Eve) in 1812; and for a couple of Peters marriages. Joseph Winters (son-in-law of John and Eve) served as security for John's marriage to Magdalene Peters in 1808; Samuel Freshour (son of Joseph, son of John and Catherine) was security for the marriage of John's son Jacob Freshour to Regina Bowers in 1840, and he also acted as administrator for John's son Samuel when he died in 1845; and a Jacob Freshour (is this the son of Jacob and Regina?) served as sponsor for the marriage of John's son Irenius Freshour to Margaret Smith in 1867. So except for Samuel Freshour, the contacts of John "Chucklehead" Freshour with the other Tennessee Freshour families seem to all be in the John and Eve generation.

On the other hand, Debbi White, one of our subscribers, has sent her grandfather Wade Elbert Freshour's bible showing that his father's name was Marshall Wade Freshour, his great-grandfather was Joseph Freshour, and his great-great-grandfather was John Freshour married to Catherine Mercer [Letter (with bible copies) written 24 Aug 1994 from Debbi White to Kathi Sittner]. (This is the only known record of the possible maiden name of this Catherine.)

Debbi stated: "I thought that my grandfather may have forgotten one generation, especially since both grandfathers would have had the same first name." If this is the case, then John "Chucklehead" Freshour would be the son of the John Freshour Jr. who married Catherine (Mercer). In the 1930s there was an attempt to find descendants of the Mercer family in Greene County, Tennessee, connected to a supposed New York City family, and there were evidently high hopes of everyone receiving a cash portion of the supposed estate. It would be interesting to know whether a list of the descendants involved in this could be located in the Greene County newspapers, and especially to know whether John "Chucklehead" Freshour's descendants are included in that list. I will have to leave thoughts of that search possibility up to the present-day descendants. However, I will point out that John "Chucklehead" was not mentioned in John and Eve Freshour's wills, so he must be a son of one of their children or of an unknown Freshour.

This leaves us with several possibilities:

First of all, John "Chucklehead" Freshour could be the son of John Freshour Jr., son of John and Eve Freshour, as most researchers claim. It would seem very likely that John would have named a child John early in his child-rearing, because his father was named John, yet we had earlier found no child with this name whom we could attribute to the family of John and Catherine. John "Chucklehead's" family, however, we do have children named Elizabeth, Catherine, and Joseph, which names are also found in John and Catherine's family, and of course he also had a son John although somewhat late in his child-rearing years. John Jr. died in Cocke County, and the Cocke County records were burned during the Civil War. Surviving probate records did not begin again until 1876. John certainly could have left a will or land records which included John "Chucklehead" as his eldest son. The sparse land records of Cocke County in the 1860s do not include any records for John and Catherine, however, this may simply be because they owned no land after their removal from Greene County. However, because of the very small age gap and the large gap between his 1782-84 birth and the 1799-1800 births of the next children, I believe that if he is John Jr.'s son, that he is a son by a previous wife or liaison and not by Catherine. This might account for his more aloof nature toward the rest of the family and for his feeling somewhat closer to the children of John and Eve, who would have been his grandparents and who may even have raised him (although the fact that he does not seem to be in the 1790 census with them makes me question this). It would also allow a recognition of the recollections of Wade Elbert Freshour, as he may not even have known that Catherine Freshour was not his true great-great-grandmother.

Secondly, John could be a son of either Jacob or George, sons of John and Eve. In issue 239 we pointed out that in 1790 Jacob already had three males under 16 and surmised that George 1787 and Henry 1789 and John early 1790 were his sons. George had one male under 16 at this time, and we surmise that at least George Jr. was his son. In looking at the children of Jacob and George, it is important to note that we have accounted for only one John (the one who married Elizabeth Smith) between them. Furthermore, from census records we know that this John was born about 1790, but this could have been AFTER the 1790 census was taken, so John "Chucklehead" could easily be included in either family. This would help to explain why the family of John and Eve had no male child under age 16 in the family in 1790. We can also make note of the fact that John's second son was named Jacob, and his first daughter was named Elizabeth, which could have been after the Elizabeth who married Jesse Huffman or after their mother. The Slate Creek Baptist Church records, which Winston Wilson found, did after all include a "Betsey" Freshour. One other record may also suggest this scenario: On 24 Jan 1800 Jacob Freshour witnessed a deed of indenture for Abraham "Petters" and George Cook when they purchased a tract of land on the south side of the Nolachuckey River and another for Andrew Stephens on 14 Feb 1797 when he purchased a tract of 200 acres on the south side of the Nolachuckey River [Greene County, Tennessee, Deed Abstracts 1785-1810, abstract from Deed Book 1, pp. 296 and 306 - FHL book 976.891 R28m]. The very fact that Jacob Freshour already was acquainted with Abraham Peters before the marriage of John "Chucklehead" to Abraham's daughter lends some credence to the idea that they lived nearby during a time when John would have been seeking a wife. On the other hand, the fact that John remained in Greene County when all the rest of the children in Jacob's and George's families left is somewhat troublesome, although one could account for it by explaining that he chose to stay near his wife's family, with whom he did have some contacts in the records.

The third possibility is that John "Chucklehead" is the son of the "other" Jacob Freshour - the one who married Catharine Koch-Cook in Cumberland County which became part of Franklin County, Pennsylvania. I entertained this idea for many years, in fact, and it's not impossible. John could have been taken in by either John and Eve Freshour or by George Cook, who settled in Greene County fairly close to where John lived. However, he would have been only about ten years old when he left his own family, and this seems extremely unlikely for such a young child to go off with an uncle in about 1793-94 - or even in 1799 when George Cook went - to the wilds of far-off Tennessee, never to see his parents again. But if he came with the Cook family, he would at least have been in the 15-17 year range, which could be accounted for by a case of wanderlust and desire for adventure.

The fourth possibility is that John "Chucklehead" is the son of another early Freshour who was in the area, and possibly one who died early. We know that in 1796 a Samuel Freshour was in the tax records of Captain Joseph Roger's Company with 96 acres of land and three adult males and that an Abel Freshour was in t he same company with one adult male. In 1798 a Frederick Freshour held 100 acres of land in Captain John Gregg's Company. Strangely, these men all appear and disappear without a trace after only the one brief mention in the tax records. How they are related to the other Freshours is a mystery. What became of their land is not known. In any case, it must be noted that John did name his first son Samuel, possibly after this 1796 Samuel. While John would not have been old enough to be one of the adult males, the fact that Samuel had these other males living with him does suggest that he was the oldest of these men and probably was older than Abel and Frederick, who could have been his sons. I think this is probably the least likely of the three [sic] scenarios, because John would only have been ten to sixteen years old when these men left the area, and it would seem that he would have been taken with them unless they simply all died and he was the only one left.

After reviewing all of the information I can find on the family of John "Chucklehead", I am torn especially between the first two scenarios, but with a very slight leaning toward the second. I would appreciate any further information showing others in the Freshour family with whom John had contacts, as this could at least provide further circumstantial evidence to support one of these suppositions, and of course I would appreciate any new information which could provide conclusive proof of John's parentage.

Freshour Faces 31, p. 12:
I would encourage those who are descendants of John and Magdalene to carry on the study of the families of their children at least through the 1900 census in order to discover the birth months and years of those children still alive then, the numbers of children each family had (i.e. is the number the same as what we have here?), additional middle initials and nicknames, etc. Can anyone supply copies of the St. James Church records (from which the baptism information for Jacob must come)?

Freshour Faces 31, p. 1:
John "Chucklehead" Freshour is first found in the marriage records of Greene County, Tennessee, when he married "Motlena" Peters (a recorder's misspelling of Magdalene, which sounds a little like that when pronounced quickly with a German accent) on 22 Dec 1808 with Joseph Winters as security (Greene Co., TN Marriages, part 1 - FHL film #944,386]. Called John "Jr.", he then showed up in the 1809 Greene County tax records, the first available to us after 1799, in the Cedar Creek area as an occupant of 100 acres of land. John "Sr." who is the son of John and Eve and who was married to Catharine, was in Cove Creek near the other Freshours and had 107 acres of land which belonged to the estate of his father Johannes-John Freshour. Today Cedar Creek lied just down the road from Cove Creek, but at this early time, they were totally separate communities severed by different churches and schools, and it would have taken at least some effort to travel between them, following generally along the paths of the creeks and rivers. It is notable that, at least from 1809 through 1835 in the tax records which are available to us, this John Jr. lived apart from all of the other children born to John and Catharine except Jonathan and Elizabeth Lintz and had little or nothing to do with them in the was of witnessing deeds, acting as security, and so on.

I would also like to make not that the terms "Senior" and "Junior" were used somewhat more broadly during the 1800s than they are today. They certainly could refer to a father and a son as they do now, but they could also refer to an older and a younger man by the same name, even if they were not related.

Tax records, which are often very helpful in sorting out families, provide a record about John Freshour Jr. and Sr. and the related Freshour families [Greene Co., TN Tax Records - FHL film #944,445]. It is interesting to note, when reviewing these records, that the districts often switched back and forth from year to year and that sometimes portions of land or families were missed one year but then show up again the following year. When viewed as a whole, however, and when combined with information from the county land deeds, they are helpful.

[Kathi Sittner then lists more than three pages of tax records, from 1809 to 1836 after which the tax records were lost. Each line lists a name of a Freshour man in Greene County - or of a husband of a Freshour woman or another man associated with the Freshours. Along with the name is listed the number of acres being taxed, the name of the district's Captain, and the location of the land: whether in Cove Creek or Cedar Creek (or sometimes Little Chucky, Chucky River, Meadow Creek, or Charles Brook, or South {or West or North} of Chucky), and whether held held the land by deed or simply as an "occupant."

Census records are first available for most of Tennessee in 1830, because the previous records were lost or burned. At least they do pick up where the tax records leave off.

In 1830 John Freshour was living in Greene County [1830 Greene Co., TN census enumeration, pp. 161 and 173 - FHL film #024,538]. He and his wife were 30-40, and they had living with them one son and two daughter 15-20, one son and one daughter 10-15, one son 5-10, and two sons under 5. According to what we know of the family, this suggests that they had one extra girl aged 15-20 in the household, possibly a maid, and it seems that there should have been one more boy of about five years. It should be noted that the family was on the same page as Magdalene's father Abraham Peters aged 60-70, and that Jacob Peters and John Peters, both 20-30, were also nearby. John's daughter Elizabeth, married to Joel Bowers, lived some distance away. They were both 20-30 and had one daughter under 5.

In 1840 John "Frushour" was 50-60, his wife 40-50, and they had one daughter 20-30, one daughter and two sons 15-20, one son 10-15, two sons 5-10, and one son under 5 [1840 Greene Co., TN census enumeration, pp. 3, 7, and 29 - FHL film #024,546]. Again it seems that the girl aged 15-20 does not belong to the family. They lived near Abraham Peters aged 70-80, his wife 60-70, and Jacob Peters 30-40. Also nearby were several of John Freshour's married children. Samuel Freshour, living next to his probably father-in-law John Bowers aged 70-80, was 20-30, his wife 30-40, and their two daughters 5-10, and one son and two daughters under 5. Daughter Catharine married in May 1840 to John Bowers Jr., and daughter Lavina married in 1834 to Jabez W. Kelly were not found.

In 1850 John Freshour and his family were still living in Greene County, in the ninth division of the Eastern District [1850 Greene Co., TN census enumeration, pp. 413, 427, 248, 437, 192, 195, and 634 - FHL film #444,836]. John was 66 and a farmer, born in Pennsylvania, and had $3000 in real estate, Margaret was 57, also born in Pennsylvania, and neither could read or write. Living with them were children John 22, Abraham 20, "Renieus" 19, Philip 16, all acting as farmers, granddaughter "Revina" (Lavina) 9, and a black woman named Darcas Balch and Magdalena's mother "Christian" (Christena) Peters aged 77 and born in Pennsylvania. Philip was still attending school. It is actually surprising to find him in this census as the cemetery record books show that he died 28 April 1850 and was buried in the Old St. James Cemetery [Greene County Cemeteries from Earliest Dates to 1970-1971, by Buford Reynolds - FHL book 976.891 V22r]. Evidently the printed date is in error, and one family group sheet in the International Genealogical Index suggests that he actually died 28 April 1860 [IGI - LDS Family History Library]. The granddaughter is one of four children of John's deceased son Samuel for whom he had become the appointed guardian on 5 April 1847 (Lydia, Nancy, "Lavinia," and John C. Freshour - all located except John C., who may have died by 1850) [Greene County, Tennessee, Guardians and Orphans Court Records, 1783-1870, by Sandra Kelton Houston - FHL book 976.891 P2h].

In 1860 John Freshour was living in the third district in the Caney Branch Post Office district [1860 Greene Co., TN census enumeration, p. 220, 216, 222, 236, 262, 373, 419, 421, 422, 521 - FHL film #805,252.] He was a farmer, aged 77 and born in Pennsylvania, and he had $1500 in real estate and $1000 in personal property. "Maglin" was 67, born in Pennsylvania, and she could not read or write. With them lived their son "Ranious" aged 29, his new wife Susan 20, and their granddaughter Levina 18, daughter of Samuel.

Freshour Faces 31, p 8:
The census records were researched for the families of John's children through 1880 as much as possible, so that the names of all the children could be noted for the families.

Land records provide a view of where John "Chucklehead" lived and perhaps a tine clue to his familial links. As has been mentioned before, the John who married Catharine was called "Jr." until his father died about 1806, and after that time he was called "Sr." When John "Chucklehead" was named in the deeds, he was generally referred to as John "Jr." After John Sr. (married to Catharine) died about 1866, John "Chucklehead" or "Jr." became the new John "Sr." and his son John "Jr." The deeds can get confusing, however, since they do not always follow these naming guidelines and instead sometimes simply used "John."

The deed for John's original one hundred acres held by occupancy [rather than by deed] in the 1809 tax records was not found. It may have been a land grant not found in the official Greene County deed records. On 17 Jan 1833 (but recorded 17 Oct 1842) John received 130 acres of land at Meadow Creek from his father-in-law Abraham Peters, in exchange for $400 paid to the estate, an understanding that Abraham and Christena Peters could live in the west room of the house and have one third of the garden and as much of the orchard produce as they wished as long as they lived, plus a yearly "payment" of fifteen bushels of good wheat (milled and delivered if necessary), 157 and 1/2 bushels of good sound corn, half of the firewood they may need, as well as feeling the cattle with roughness like his own, allowing the other beasts to run with his in pasture, finishing the house, chimney, and porch, providing stable room, and paying the taxes on the land [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 20, p. 766 - FHL film #944,424]. This is an interesting agreement because it provides a peek into the type of foods families considered essential at that time.

On 10 May 1836 John Freshour bought for $12 from Andrew Patterson three and 3/4 acres on the south side of the Nolachucky River on Cedar Creek and forty-five acres on Cedar Creek [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 18, p. 216-217 - FHL film #944,423]. Samuel Freshour, probably his son, witnessed the second deed. Tax records suggest, however, that he may have actually held this land by 1828. On 1 Aug 1842 John Freshour Jr. deeded one acre "on the waters of Cedar Creek" and bounded by his land for a school (the first outside of family homes in the Cedar Creek area) near his fulling mill [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 20, p. 706 - FHL film #944,424]. The school was later moved up the banks, probably due to flooding problems. On 30 Sept 1842 Joseph Freshour (son of John and Eve) sold for $2000 to John Freshour 297 acres of land at the Cross Roads on Cove Creek, and the deed was witnessed by Daniel L. and D. Stephens [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 20, p. 745 - FHL film #944,424]. This is one of the few instances in which John "Chucklehead" Freshour had anything to do with the rest of the Freshours in the official records. On 7 March 1845 John purchased from his deceased son Samuel Freshour's estate slightly more than nine acres on Nolachucky River for $50; his son Andrew witnessed this deed, and Samuel Freshour, son of John and Eve, was the administrator acting for the estate [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 21, p. 531 - FHL film #944,425].

In 1849 "John Chuck Freshour" and his wife Polly exchanged land with Jacob and Abraham Peters, Peter Keicher guardian of some of the Peters and Keicher kids, and Catharine Rader [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 23, pp. 442-443 - FHL film #944,426]. These were all children and grandchildren of Abraham Peters Sr. and his wife Christena. She died in 1853, leaving a will written 7 Feb 1853 which gave her remaining $300 of money to her children Polly, Jacob, and Catharine [Greene County, Tennessee, Wills, 1783-1890, Goldene Fillers Burgner - FHL book 976.891 P28b], with John Freshour and Jacob Peters chosen to administer the estate [Greene Co., TV Administrations and Executors' Settlements - FHL film #944,402].

On 25 Dec 1849 for $140 John Freshour sold to Samuel Shrewsbury three roods of land on the north side of Cedar Creek in District Number 18 [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 24, p. 419 - FHL film #944,426]. On 7 April 1850 for $50 John Freshour (Sr. or Jr.?) sold to William Read or Reed a lot with eighteen poles of land in District Number 18 and on the same day the same man deeded to the Evangelical Lutheran Church on Cove Creek land next to the grave yard and wagon road [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 24, pp. 453 and 154 - FHL film #944,426]. On 4 Feb 1851 for $2600 "John Freshour Chuck" sold 297 acres of land at the Cross Roads on Cove Creek next to Andrew S. Freshour and others [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 24, p. 451 - FHL film #944,426].

On 4 April 1858 for $6 John Freshour sold one quarter acre of land on Cedar Creek to Benjamin F. Bell, with Andrew Freshour witnessing the deed [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 30, p. 505 - FHL film #944,429]. On 7 Oct 1858 for $110 John Freshour Jr. sold to Lemuel S. Jackson 74 acres of land at Meadow Creek. This was probably part of the Abraham Peters land.

On 27 Dec 1867 John Freshour "Sr." ("Chucklehead") deeded to his son, Andrew Freshour, 75 acres on Cedar Creek, part of his grant bearing date of 5 Nov 1856 on both sides of Cedar Creek, with Benjamin F. Bell and Iranius Freshour as witnesses [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 35, p. 630 - FHL film #944,432]. At the same time he deeded to his son, John Freshour, 123 acres from the same grant [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 35, p. 631 - FHL film #944,432]. Oddly, he never deeded land to his other sons, Samuel, Jacob, Joseph, Abraham, or Phillip.

On 8 Sept 1870, only two months before his death, for $10 John Freshour conveyed to the Freewill Baptist Church of Mt. Zion, a member of the American Association, one acres three roods and 25 and 1/2 poles of land in District 18 [Greene Co., TN deed, Vol 37, p. 413 - FHL film #944,43]. The remainder of this land was granted to his children in his will.

The name "Chucklehead" or "Chuck" was used only a few times in these deeds and was found nowhere else in the official records. However, it has long been a tradition that John was given this nickname. Some have said that it was because he laughed a lot. Others have said that it was an anglicized version of an Indian word and was given to him by the Indians, possibly because he traded with them a lot.

Freshour Faces 31, p. 10:
John Freshour died on 16 Nov 1870. His will, written on 1 Aug 1867, with a codicil added 24 Jan 1870, was proved soon after his death [Greene Co., TN Probate, Wills Vol. 1, p. 677 - FHL film #944,409]. [I David Sisson summarize the will as follows:

[I bequeath to my son Irenius Freshour the end of the farm I now occupy, including the buildings to which end is to be divided off to him by running a line which the fence now stands that divides the East field from the bottom. This line will begin at the big road East of the buildings on the side of a hill and then run near south to the Peter's line. But I further will that off of this portion my beloved wife should she outlive me, shall have her support and all things necessary for her comfort during her natural life and at her death it shall then be the entire property of my son Irenius. I further bequeath to my son Irenius the new field now cultivated by William Vanluss adjoining the lands of Mary Win___(?) With two acres of the meadow land adjoining it on the branch lying just below said land cultivated by William Vanluss. I also will to said son the timbered land lying West of the field cultivated by said Vanluss, and adjoining lands of Jacob Peters.

[I will to my son-in-law John Bowers the right of water to his (mine?) And machine, paping through the place now occupied by me and in this will above bequeathed to Irenius. He shall have full and conclusive right to run the water where his race now runs in my lands, but shall build no large dam to injure said lands.

[I bequeathed to my son Joseph and to my daughter Lavina all the lands of the home place occupied by me, except such as I have in this will given to my son Irenius to be equally divided by them and between them.

[I bequeathed to my two sons John and Andrew, a tract of land lying in the waters of Cedar Creek comprising near two hundred acres of land with the improvements thereon to be equally divided by them and between them. My son John shall save the upper and my son Andrew the lower end, and shall they disagree in said division they shall select three good men who shall divide it for them.

[I bequeath to my two granddaughters Lydia and Nancy Bible a small tract of land comprising 2 or 3 acres lying on Cedar Creek near the Store-house of Vanluss to be equally divided between them.

[I bequeath to my beloved wife should she outlive me, all effects of every description not heretofore willed, for her comfort and use and further it is my will that she shall have full power to give, divide or will it to whom she may wish.

[I hereby appoint B.F. Bell my executor of this will. Given under my hand and seal this second day of August one thousand eight hundred and sixty seven.]

[John signed with his mark {X}.

[Executed in presence of Robert G. {or S.} Browning and James A. Ward.

A codicil was written to the will:

[I reaffirm and reestablish all of the foregoing will and make this codicil: I hereby will that my son Irenius shall pay to my daughter Elizabeth Bowers the sum of twenty dollars in consideration of which - if paid within six months of my death - he shall have all bequeathed to him above, and should he fail to so pay, then she shall have twenty dollars worth of the lands bequeathed to him. Dated 24th Jan 1870. Executed in presence of Jacob Nease and Andrew Renner.]

Freshour Faces 32, p. 5:
John "Chucklehead" Freshour (see issue 31) is listed with other "unconnected" TN-NC Freshours. Joseph Winters was surety at the marriage of John "Chucklehead" and Magdalene Peters on 22 Dec 1808 in Greene County, Tennessee. Perhaps John decided to stay in Greene County when his father left because he was involved with Magdalene Peters? They could explain why Joseph Winters acted as his surety instead of a Freshour father.

John married Magdalene PETERS on 22 Dec 1808 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

+ 809 F i Elizabeth FRESHOUR was born in Jun 1810. She died on 12 Feb 1873.
+ 810 M ii Samuel FRESHOUR was born about 1812. He died about 1845.
+ 811 M iii Jacob FRESHOUR was born on 28 Mar 1814. He died before 5 Oct 1840.
+ 812 F iv Catharine FRESHOUR was born on 8 Aug 1816. She died on 3 Jun 1865.
+ 813 F v Lavina FRESHOUR was born on 7 Jul 1819. She died on 25 Jan 1904.
+ 814 M vi Andrew FRESHOUR was born on 22 May 1822. He died on 23 Feb 1896.
+ 815 M vii Joseph FRESHOUR was born about 1824/1825.
+ 816 M viii John FRESHOUR was born on 10 Jan 1828. He died on 1 May 1911.
  817 M ix
Abraham FRESHOUR was born about 1829/1830 in Cedar Creek, Tennessee. He died after 10 Dec 1852.

Abraham died after 10 Dec 1852 (when he signed a deed) and probably before 1860.

Freshour Faces 31, p. 8:
Abraham had evidently either died or moved elsewhere, as he was not located in either the cemetery or the census records.
+ 818 M x Irenius FRESHOUR was born about 1830/1831.
  819 M xi
Philip FRESHOUR was born on 16 Nov 1835 in Cedar Creek, Tennessee.

Philip died 28 April between 1850 (when he appears in the census) and 1860 when he doesn't.

179. Elizabeth FRESHOUR (George , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1790/1791. She died on 8 Jun 1878 in Douglas County, Missouri.

Freshour Faces #17:

From census records we know that Elizabeth was born about 1790-1971 and that Margaret was born about 1798. Civil War pension records tell us that Jesse Huffman married Elizabeth Freshour 15 Nov 1811 in Greene County, while the county marriage records show the marriage on 22 Oct 1812 with John Freshour (her brother? or uncle?) as bondsman [Tennessee Marriage Records, vol. 3 - FHL book 976.891 V2s]. ...

Judging from the information found and presented in [#16] about George and Jacob Freshour of Greene and Blount Counties, it would appear that at least Elizabeth Freshour is the daughter of George Freshour, since Jacob had already moved to Blount County about 1808-1809 while George remained behind until about 1814 [See "Clues to be gleaned from the Tennessee, North Carolina, and Pennsylvania Records" in Freshour Faces #16]. However with so many Freshour relatives still in the area, the families probably had strong ties to Greene County and could have visited often enough to have allowed a marriage to take place there instead of in Blount County.

By 1820 Jesse and Elizabeth Huffman had moved west and were living in Floyd County, Indiana [1820 Greeneville Township, Floyd Co., IN census enumeration, p. 149 - FHL film #007,717]. Both were aged 26-45 and they had only one son under age ten. ...

In 1830 Jesse and Elizabeth were still living in Floyd County [1830 Floyd Co., IN census enumeration, p. 349 - FHL film #007,717]. He was 49-50 years old, she was 30-40, and they still had only the one son, aged 15-20. ...

In 1840 Jesse and Elizabeth Huffman were living in Harrison County, Indiana [1840 Blue River Twp., Harrison Co., IN census enumeration, p. 317 - FHL film #007,725]. He was 50-60, she 40-50, and they had living with them a male and a female aged 20-30, a male and a female under 5, a female 15-20, and a female 10-15. The male and female aged 20-30 and the two young children are almost certainly their son, Henry, his wife Mary, and their first two children; the two teenaged females are probably housemaids. ...

By 1850 Jesse and Elizabeth had also moved to Tannery County, Missouri, to be near their siblings [1850 Big Creek Township, Tannery Co., MO census enumeration, p. 385 - FHL film #443,628]. He was 63, a farmer, born in Virginia; she was 60, born in Tennessee. Neither could read or write. With them lived a child, listed only by his first initial H. (but obviously Henry), aged 30, with his wife M., and six children of whom the eldest was a boy 12 and a girl 10. Thus we can tell that this is the same family who lived with them in the 1840 census. ...

In 1860 "Jesse" and Elizabeth lived in the household of their son, Henry, in Tannery County [1860 Buchanan Twp., Tannery Co., MO census enumeration, p. 942 - FHL film #803,658]. Jesse was 72, born in Virginia, and working as a wagonmaker. Elizabeth was 69, shown as born in Pennsylvania. My guess is that their son had given the information and had mistakenly heard that Elizabeth's parents had come from Pennsylvania and therefore stated her birthplace as such; all other indications are that she was born in Tennessee. Their son Henry was 47, born in Tennessee, and working as a farmer. With his lived his wife Mary, and children Jesse 22, Ann 18, Evlinne 16, Martha 13, Henry 9, Mary 8, Margaret 6, Jacob 1, and listed last was Mary 18, perhaps a Tennessee-born cousin. Next door was Elizabeth, wife of George Hale, aged 20.

In 1870 Jesse and Elizabeth were living in Buchanan Twp., Douglas County [1870 Buchanan Twp., Douglas Co., MO census enumeration, p. {blank} - FHL film #552,273]. He, 81, born in Virginia, was working as a wagonmaker; she was 79 born in Pennsylvania. Evidently their son, Henry, had died [probably] in the Civil War in 1865 in Illinois, but his family was still living with them. Henry's wife, Mary M. and children Doretha A., 28, Henry F.C., 20, Margaret 15, Jacob 11, and Dorcas J. 9. Jesse, 31, and Mary M. (married to Smith Gailey) lived next door. Elizabeth, Evlinne, and Martha were not found, but were probably in the area, as this family seems to have stuck together.

By 1880 Jesse Huffman had died, and widow Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman, 89, was living with the widow of her son Henry and their children [1880 Buchanan Twp., Douglas Co., MO census enumeration - FHL film #1,254,685]. Most of their extended family lived nearby. Elizabeth was shown as born in Pennsylvania, with parents born in Maryland and Pennsylvania.

In 1900 both Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman and Jarrard Huffman were dead.

While it appears almost certain that Margaret (Freshour) Huffman died in Benton Twp., and Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman in Buchanan Twp., both in Douglas County, Missouri, the records of their gravestones have not been located. Jesse's pension records state that Elizabeth died 1 Dec 1882, in Arno (Washington Twp.?). and Margaret died between 1870 and 1880. As best as I can determine, the children Matthew died 1890-1900, Jesse 1900-1920, Jacob 1890-1900, Jarrard Jr. 1890-1900, William 1900-1920, and Francis 1870-80, all in Douglas County, while Joseph died 1900-1920 in Camden County, and Henry Francis died 27 Dec 1865 in Washington County, Arkansas.

The marriage of Henry Huffman, the only son of Jesse and Elizabeth, to Mary M. Bryant was found in the records of Harrison County, Indiana, as 7 Oct 1837 [Harrison County, Indiana, Marriages 1809-1849 - FHL book 977.221 V28s]. A Douglas County history, however, gives her maiden name as "Barger" and stated that she was still alive in 1897 [Early Settlers of Douglas County, Missouri - FHL book 977.883 D2s]. No attempt has been made to determine which of these names is correct.

Freshour Faces 23, p. 16:
Linda [Who?] says: "The two brothers and their families left Tennessee and moved to Barren County, Kentucky, in 1816. In 1817 they moved on to Indiana. They lived in Green County, Indiana, until 1838, when they moved to Tannery County (which is now Douglas County), Missouri.

Freshour Faces 31, p. 15:
Many thanks to Terry Cash, descendant of Jesse and Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman, for sending information which she gathered on the Huffman families. She states that Jess, Jarrard B., George Washington, and Salina Huffman, along with two other unknown females, are children of Jesse and Elizabeth Huffman of Culpeper County, Virginia, and later of Barren County, Kentucky, and that Jesse Huffman Sr.'s descent from Daniel B. Huffman of Orange County and Culpeper County, Virginia, was found in family histories and in verbal and family records. Daniel B. is thought to be a son of John Henry and Elizabeth Catharina (Schuster) Huffman of Germany and Orange County, Virginia. Terry sent a copy of the bible records of Jesse and Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman.

Freshour Faces 32, p. 5:
Elizabeth appears in a list of "unconnected TN-NC Freshours." She was born ca. 1790-91, married Jesse Huffman 22 Oct or 15 Nov 1811 in Greene County, Tennessee, lived ca. 1817-1830 in Floyd County, Indiana, by 1840 in Harrison County, Indiana, by 1850 in Taney County, Missouri, by 1870 in Douglas County, Missouri. One child: Henry b. 1813 in Tennessee, married Mary M. Bryant or Barger 1837.

Elizabeth married Jesse HUFFMAN, son of Jesse Sr. HUFFMAN, on 15 Nov 1811 in Greene County, Tennessee. Jesse was born on 1 May 1791 in Culpeper County, Virginia. He died on 8 Jun 1878 in Arno, Douglas County, Missouri.

They had the following children.

+ 820 M i Henry HUFFMAN was born about 1813. He died in 1865.
+ 821 M ii Jarrard B. HUFFMAN was born on 1 May 1791. He died on 14 Feb 1882.
  822 F iii

180. Margaret FRESHOUR (George , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 22 Sep 1798. She died in 1870/1880.

Freshour Faces #17:

From census records we know that Margaret was born about 1798. ... Jarrard B. Huffman's pension records show that he married Margaret Freshour 15 July 1815 in Blount County, Tennessee, but the Blount County marriage record is missing [Civil War pension documents from National Archives]. ... Judging from the information found and presented in [#16] about George and Jacob Freshour of Greene and Blount Counties, it would appear that at least Elizabeth Freshour is the daughter

By 1820 ... Jarrard and Margaret were not found and were not in Floyd or Harrison Counties [Indiana], as no land records could be found for them there. But they should also have been living in Indiana at this time (some say perhaps Brown County?), since two of their children were born there in 1819 and 1820. Family information given in the "History and Families of Wright County, Missouri, 150th Anniversary" states that they lived briefly in Kentucky but moved to Indiana in 1817 [History and Families of Wright County, Missouri, 150th Anniversary 1841-1991, p. 373]. Floyd County, of course, lies just across the Ohio River from Kentucky and is not far from Meade County, where the Wilsons and Stinsons had some possible connections (see #16, p. 3). ...

[In 1830] "Jared" and Margaret were in Greene County [1830 Greene Co., IN census enumeration, p. 177 - FHL film #007,720]. He and his wife were both aged 30-40, and they had two sons 10-15, two sons 5-10, and two sons under 5. ...

[In 1840] in nearby Heath Township [i.e., near to Blue River Twp., where Jesse and Elizabeth Huffman were living], a J.R. Huffman and his wife were 20-30 and they had a son and a daughter both under 5. J.R. (probably Jacob) is probably a nephew of Jesse and Jarrard, but could be a son of Jarred.

Jared B. Huffman had moved by 1840 to Benton Township in Taney County, Missouri [1840 Benton Twp., Taney Co., MO census enumeration, p. 112 - FHL film #014,858]. He was 50-60, his wife 40-50, and they had with them one son aged 15-20, one son 10-15, two sons 5-10, and three sons under 5. Alexander Huffman, 20-30, and David Huffman, 20-30, their two oldest sons, lived with their wives and children in Pulaski County, Missouri [ 1840 Pulaski County, MO census enumeration, p. 212, 133, and 106 - FHL film #014,857]. Two sons, probably Matthew J. and Jacob F., are for some reason not enumerated.

A Jacob Huffman, 20-30, also lived in Benton Township at this time with a wife and one son and one daughter both under 5. These ages match those of the family of the J.R. Huffman of Harrison County, and they may actually refer to the same people or to an unknown son of Jarrard and Margaret, since the Wright County history article says that they had twelve sons, but the names of only eleven are known. On the other hand, a Jacob F. Huffman shows up (albeit out of order, sometimes signaling that the person is related but not a child) in their 1850 household as aged 24, i.e. born about 1826, and this would not refer to the 1840 Jacob. ... Because [this older Jacob R. Huffman] does not seem to be included in the 1830 census enumeration, I suspect that he is a cousin rather than a child and that the twelfth child of Jarrard and Margaret died young, but of course I cannot be certain. ...

[In 1850] in Ozark County [MO] lived Jarred B. and Margaret Huffman and some of their children [1850 45th District, Ozark Co., MO census enumeration, p. 17 - FHL film #443,617]. Jarred was 59, a farmer, born in Virginia; Margaret, 52, born in Tennessee, and she could not read or write. With them were their children Jacob F., 24, Jarred Jr. 21, William 19, Joseph 16, Henry 13, John 11, and Francis M. 9. The first five were born in Indiana and the last two in Missouri, so the family came to Missouri between 1837 and 1839, coinciding with the 1838 date given to us by the Wright County history book. Nearby were their children Jesse, 27, born in Indiana, and David E., 31, born in Indiana, with their families. Another son, Mathew J., lived in Laclede County with his wife and children [1850 45th District, Laclede Co., MO census enumeration, p. 130 - FHL film #443,611]. Alexander was for some reason not with his family, but they were bound living in District 45 of Ozark County with her parents, Robert and Mary Ellis [1850 District 45, Ozark Co., MO census enumeration, p. 9 - FHL film #443,617].

In 1860 "Jarrad" B. and Margaret lived in Douglas County, Missouri [ 1860 Falling Spring, Douglas Co., MO census enumeration, p. 846 - also pp. 838, 851, and 845 - FHL film #803,618]. He was 70, born in Virginia, working as a clergyman; she was 61, born in Tennessee. All of their sons had now married, and some were beginning to leave the area. Alexander, 43, born in Kentucky, was a farmer living in Howell County with his four children [1860 Spring Creek Twp., Howell Co., MO census enumeration, p. 606 - FHL film #803,624]. David had evidently died or moved, as he and his family were not found (if you know where they are, please advise). Matthew, 40, was in Laclede County [1860 Lebanon Twp., Laclede Co., MO census enumeration, p. 221 - FHL film #803,627]. Jesse, 37, was in Douglas County, Jacob 33, in Webster County [1860 Finley Twp., Webster Co., MO census enumeration, p. 831 - FHL film #803,660]. Jarrard Jr., 31, was in Douglas County. William, 29, in Douglas County, Joseph, 27, in Camden County [1860 Auglaize Twp., Camden Co., MO census enumeration, p. 98 - FHL film #803,611]. Henry Francis, 24, had tone to Washington County, Arkansas, and had married his cousin, Mary Freshour, daughter of Henry [1860 Vineyard Twp., Washington Co., AR census enumeration, p. 491 - FHL film #803,052]. The two youngest sons, John 21, and Francis M. 20, had married Lucinda and Safrona, both born in Arkansas, and still lived at home with Jarrard and Margaret.

Jarred B. and Margaret were living in 1870 in Benton Township, Douglas County [1870 Benton Twp., Douglas Co., MO census enumeration, p. {blank} - FHL film #552,273]. He was 80, still working as a millwright. She was 72, born in Tennessee. Their sons, Alexander, David, and John F. Huffman and their families (except for Robert, a probably son of Alexander) were not located. Matthew, Jesse, Jacob, William and Francis M. and their families were living in Douglas County [1870 Douglas Co., MO census enumeration - FHL film #552,273]. Jarrard was in Ozark County [1870 Ozark Co., MO census enumeration - FHL film #552,295]. Joseph was in Camden County [1870 Camden Co., MO census enumeration, p. {blank} - FHL film #552,263]. The widow and children of Henry Francis were in Washington County, Arkansas [1870 Vineyard Twp., Washington Co., AR, p. 251 - FHL film #545,565]. Henry seems to have died 27 Dec 1865, probably in Washington County, AR.

In 1880 "Jarett" Huffman was a widower living on his own [1880 Benton Twp., Douglas Co., MO census enumeration - FHL film #1,254,685]. He was 90 years old, a farmer, and was shown born in Indiana, with parents both born in Pennsylvania. His sons, Matthew, Jesse, Jacob, Harrard, William, and Francis' widow, Sphrona, all lived in Douglas County, while Joseph was in Camden County, and Alexander, David, and John were not found. Henry Francis' widow was still in Washington County, Arkansas. Virtually all of the children's census information shows that their parents were born in Virginia and Tennessee.

In 1900 .. Jarrard's and Margaret's children, Jesse, William J., and Joseph W. were still living. Birth months and years were recorded for them. Surprisingly, Jesse had remarried a very young woman, Sarah J., the widow of a Mr. Goforth, and had had four more children with her between 1889 and 1898 [1900 Finley Twp., Douglas Co., MO census enumeration, E.D. 163 sheet 7 - FHL film #1,240,853]. He had also adopted a child, John W. Bradshaw, born in November 1882.

While it appears almost certain that Margaret (Freshour) Huffman died in Benton Twp., and Elizabeth (Freshour) Huffman in Buchanan Twp., both in Douglas County, Missouri, the records of their gravestones have not been located.

Alexander married Nancy Ellis 6 March 1836 in Greene County, Indiana [Greene County, Indiana, Marriage Records 1821-1844 - FHL book 977.242 V2gr]. David's marriage to Elizabeth in about 1838 was not found, but probably took place in Indiana shortly before the family's departure for Missouri about 1838 or possibly in the area of Laclede County which was then part of Pulaski County, where the family may have gone first before moving on to the Taney-Ozark-Douglas County area. The early marriage records of Taney and Ozark Counties prior to 1858 and of Douglas County prior to 1866 are not extant, and this probably where the marriages of Matthew (about 1842), Jesse (about 1848), Jacob (about 1852, Jarrard Jr. (about 1855), William (about 1854), John (about 1860), and Francis (about 1860) took place.

An 1889 biographical history of Pulaski County, Missouri, tells us, however, that Matthew married Elizabeth C. Daniels and provides the married names of all of his children [Our Ancestors in Pulaski County, Missouri - FHL book 977.857 V2s].

The marriage record of Joseph to Susan Jane Fulbright was found as 8 March 1855 in Laclede County [Laclede County, Missouri, Marriage Records 1849-1881 - FHL book 977.8815 V2l].

Henry Francis married Mary Jane Freshour, daughter of Henry and Jane, 9 Sept 1858 in Washington County, Arkansas.

The marriage of Francis M. was not found, but a county history states that he married Suffrona Garrison around 1860 and gives the names of his children [History and Families of Wright County, Missouri, 150th Anniversary, 1841-1991].

The will of William J. Huffman was written in 1900 and proved in Douglas County 25 Nov 1903, naming his children.

Most of Margaret's and Jarrard's sons served during the Civil War on the Union side. In Missouri's 1890 index of Civil War veterans, we find that Matthew J. served from Taney County, and Jesse, Jacob F. and Jarrard from Webster County, and that William J. was in the "Osage" Regiment.

There seem to be a fair number of Jacobs in the families of Margaret's children, and no Georges except for a George Washington. The first several children in families of this time period were often named after people in the husband's family and later children after people in the wife's family. Jesse, of course, didn't have enough children to do this, but Jarrard did and named his fifth child "Jacob F." and sixth "John F." While this certainly isn't much to lean on, it might lend a bit more weight toward a conclusion that Margaret's father was Jacob. On the other hand, there was a Jacob R. Huffman in Indiana in 1840-50, so this man or his father (perhaps another brother of Jesse and Jarrard) may be the origin of all the Jacobs in these Huffman families.

Freshour Faces 23, p. 16:
Linda [who?] says: "Jarred B. and Margaret Frushour Huffman were the parents of twelve sons [Listed here. DAS]

ff 24, p. 18:
Donna Fitzgerald says that Margaret was born 22 Sept 1798 in Tennessee and that she died 14 March 1870 in Douglas County, Missouri, and was buried in the Burdette (or Burdett) Cemetery, formerly known as the Huffman Cemetery, in Benton Township. Garrard-Jarrard is also buried there. [Kathi Sittner wanted confirmation of this information.]

Freshour Faces #16:

Information about Catharine-Catherine [I have chosen to use the Catharine spelling of this woman's name because this is consistent with the German and German-American spelling, because this was the way most of our early Freshours' children named Catharine were spelled, and because I have found two records which spell her name in this manner. The 1850 and 1680 census enumerations use the spelling Catherine, but the early censuses are notoriously incorrect. While descendants and other researchers seem to have adopted this latter version as correct, I think it more likely that the former was used. However, since Catharine could not read nor write, she would probably not have been able to sign her own name and may not have even known which was the "correct" way herself.] "Caty" Freshour is sketchy at best, and some descendants have come to feel that something in the family history has been covered up, because it seems that not all the pieces fit together. Catherine married John Thomas Wilson January 5, 1819, in Blount County, Tennessee [Marriages of Blount County, Tennessee 1795-1859 - FHL book 976.8885 V2w]. This is the only recorded Freshour marriage which took place in the 1800-1830 time period in that county and the only one which cannot be tied in to later Freshours from Greene County. According to Catharine's son George's family bible, Catherine was born March 26, 1794 and died November 20, 1862. This fits the known census information. A descendant, Anderson Childress, stated that she was buried in the Cottrell Graveyard, but the gravestone is unmarked [Beyond the Cross Roads, A Genealogy, History and Traditional Folkways of Western Hart County, Kentucky, by Childress - FHL book 976.9715 D2c].

It is certain that John and Catherine (Freshour) Wilson had as children Eliza Ann, born 28 Feb 1828, and George Madison, born 22 Oct 1830. They were found with her in the 1850 and 1860 censuses and have family information about her which was passed down through the generations. Pamela Wilson, a 1993 Prodigy subscriber, stated that they also had a son named Jacob, but gave no further information. I have been unable to substantiate this information. Many years ago descendant Lena Wilson Childress states, "John Wilson lived in Virginia, and he died there before (George) was born. ... Catharine was six months pregnant with her second child, George M. Wilson, when she and her daughter, Eliza Ann, along with a slave woman and her small child came to Kentucky." This all seems very straight-forward and poignant until we begin to check for proofs of these statements.

Post-1850 census records continually indicate that both Eliza Ann and George were born in Kentucky, not Tennessee or Virginia, and they suggest that George was born in 1831 or 1832, rather than in 1830. George was shown on his death certificate as born in Wayne County, Kentucky [Beyond the Cross Roads, A Genealogy, History and Traditional Folkways of Western Hart County, Kentucky, by Childress - FHL book 976.9715 D2c], but no trace of the family could be found in that county, so this is uncertain. The Wilson family definitely had connections in Daviess County. Joseph Wilson recalled his father George's stories about he and John Stinson being in Owensboro, where John was a riverboat captain. Marriage records of the county confirm that Eliza Ann married John Stinson there on 3 Dec 1844 [Marriage Records Daviess County, Kentucky 1815-1865 - FHL book {blank} V2m]. Catharine obviously must have been living in Daviess County by 21844 when her daughter met and married John Stinson, but she first showed up in the tax records in 1847 as "C.F. Wilson" with 40 acres of land, one male over 21, one child 5-16, one slave, and three horses [Daviess Co., KY tax records, 1833-1851 - FHL film #007,946-7]. Next to her lived John Stinson, who had 25 acres of land but no children, and a John Wilson, who had no land or horse but did have two children aged 5-16. No land transaction could be found for the 40 acres Catharine owned. The Wilsons remained there until 1849, but were gone by 1850.

There were other Wilson families in this county as far back as the 1820's, but no connections could be made to Catharine in the tax records, land deeds, wills, or estate records. Yet one must wonder whether Catharine went to the county in the first place because of some relationship between her husband and one of these men. John Stinson first showed up in 1846 in district 2, where Andrew J., William, James A., and Ben F. lived. The following year John Wilson also lived there, and in 1849 John, who had three cows, one white male over twenty, and three children 5-16, and Mrs. Catharine Wilson were listed next to each other, while the others were farther away in the lists. Catharine had two cows and one white male over 20, possibly John W. Stinson, since he was no longer in the tax lists. It seems quite possible that this John Wilson is another, older, child, because it would be unusual indeed for John and Catharine to have suddenly had two children in 1828 and 1830, but none between 1819 and 1828. In the 1850 census, there were two men named John Wilson, but these were evidently different me, because they had only one or no children. No Jacob Wilson and no Freshours were ever found in the tax records. In 1848 John Stinson acted as security for the estate of David Stinson, who must be his father or brother. Estate records prior to 1834 were burned in an 1864 file. Could it be that John Wilson, husband of Catharine, died in this county before 1834?

To further complicate matters, in 1830 there was a John Wilson in Blount County with one son aged 10-15, two daughters 5-10, and one daughter under 5 [1830 Blount Co., TN census enumeration, p. 258 - FHL film #024,536]. Both John and his wife were aged 30-40, so it would seem possible that this was John and Catharine (Freshour) Wilson. Unfortunately, there are no grantor land deeds in the county records which show a wife's name, so I have not been able to determine whether or not this could be the correct couple. There was also a John Willson [sic] in Greene County, Kentucky, with one son and one daughter under 5, but his wife was only 20-30 and thus does not fit Catharine's age. In 1840 there is still a John Wilson, aged 40-50, in Blount County, Tennessee, and 1850 he is gone [1840 Blount Co., TN census enumeration, p. 104 - FHL film #024,542]. He did have a son aged 5-10, another 15-20, a daughter 10-15, another 5-10, and two daughters 15-20. This is obviously the same family as the 1830 entry and would seem about normal for someone who had married in 1819 and would account for Eliza Ann, George, and an older son, plus several other daughters. But it would be suspect if we assume that the census records are correct in stating that both Eliza Ann and George were born in Kentucky in the 1820-1832 period.

Family recollections tell us that John Wilson died in Virginia, but without knowing where in Virginia John Wilson might have lied, it is difficult to tell whether or not any of the John Wilsons in the 1820 census (by 1830 they should have been in Kentucky) might refer to this family, if they had already gone there less that one year after their marriage. In Washington County, Virginia, there was a John Wilson aged 26-45 with a wife 16-26 and one son under 10 [1820 Washington Co., VA census enumeration, p. 239 - FHL film #193,700]. Nearby lived a James Wilson over 45 who could have been his father, and it should be recalled that there was a James A. Wilson in Daviess County, Kentucky, near Catharine Wilson. In 1820 there was also a John Wilson, Jr., in Russell County, Virginia, who was aged 26-45, with a wife 16-256, and one son under 10 [1820 Russell County, VA census enumeration, p. 158 =- FHL film #193,700]. Nearby were Thomas Wilson, aged 26-45, and John Wilson Sr., who was over 45. Either of these Johns are good possibilities as the family of John and Catharine (Freshour) Wilson.

An index to pension records for the War of 1812 shows that a John Wilson did serve as a captain in the Virginia militia, had a wife named Catherine [sic], and received a bounty land warrant (#14937-160-55). He did not receive a pension and the file or warrant was eventually cancelled. Has anyone ordered these records to see whether we might find clues to whether or not this refers to the correct John and Catherine Wilson?

Catharine Wilson's son-in-law, John Stinson, was said to have at one point been an overseer at the Crahampton Mills in Meade County, which manufactured cloth, and it was there that George M. Wilson supposedly met and married his first wife, East Anderson Thompson on 23 Feb 1858. Yet in both 1850 and 1860 George was living two counties away.

Between 1849 and the 1850 census Catharine Wilson had moved to Hart County, Kentucky. She and her son George were living with John and Eliza Stinson and their two children [1850 Hart Co., KY census enumeration, p. 175 - FHL film #442,972]. Catharine was 56 years old and born in Pennsylvania, George M. was 18, and Eliza was 23. Both children were born in Kentucky.

In 1860 Catherine [sic], aged 67 and born in Tennessee, was living with her son, George M. Wilson, aged 28 and born in Kentucky, and his wife and child [1860 Munfordville District, Hart Co., KY census enumeration, p. 944 - FHL film #803,372]. John and Eliza A. Stinson and their family were living next door. By 1870 Catharine had died and only George M. Wilson, aged 38 and born in Kentucky, and Eliza Ann Stinson, aged 42 and born in Kentucky, with their families, lived in the area.

Family bible and written records have preserved the names of the children of these two families [Beyond the Cross Roads, by J. Anderson, Leda, and Garland K. Childress - FHL book 976.9715 D2c]. Census and cemetery records help to fill in some of the dates [Cemetery Records of Hart County, Kentucky - FHL film #467,401 and 980,396]. No burial records were found in the published Hart County cemetery records for George M. and Susan Wilson.

Freshour Faces 22, p. 16:
It has been discovered that divorce proceedings for John Wilson and Caty Freshour were started in May 1828 and continued in May 1829 (#129) in the Monroe County Circuit Court of Tennessee, with the final divorce being proclaimed in 1831. This certainly seems to prove that Jacob Wilson, born 12 March 1825 in Monroe County, Tennessee, with parents listed on his death certificate as J.S. Wilson and (______) Frishowe, *is* the son of John and Caty. It also tells us where John and Caty (Freshour) lived before she moved up to Kentucky. [But where did she go, with whom?]

Freshour Faces 23, p. 18:
Donna Wilson Smith says that Jacob, the son of John and Caty (Freshour) Wilson stayed with his father in Tennessee when Catharine left to go to Kentucky. She took only Elizabeth and George with her. Also she says that the information concerning Jacob's parents' names came from his (second) marriage certificate, to Elizabeth (Rankins) Hayter in 1887 in Hamilton County, Illinois, not from a death record. She believes that these Wilsons came from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, to Greene County, Tennessee, in the early 1780s and that John S. Wilson is the son of John Thomas Wilson and grandson of Alexander and Agnes (Johnston) Wilson. Finally, Donna believes that there were two sons older than Jacob and that they may have been named William and James or Frank.

In the 1830 census of Monroe County, Tennessee (page 97), however, there is a John Wilson aged 20-30 with a wife of the same age and one son and one daughter under 5. It would appear that this is John and Catharine with children Jacob b.1825 and Elizabeth b.1828, with George not yet born. Interestingly, in the 1840 census of Monroe County, John S. Wilson is 40-50, has a wife 40-50, and is living with one daughter or other female aged 20-30, one son (could be Jacob) and one daughter 15-20, one daughter 10-15, one son 5-10, and one daughter under 5. Is this the same John? Did her remarry and have stepchildren and more children of his own by a second wife?

Freshour Faces 26, p. 14:
Thanks for Donna Wilson Smith of Bloomington, Illinois, we now have further information about the Wilson family. In the "Freshour Faces" article in issue 16, I would like first of all to make some corrections. Despite my note on the first page concerning the spelling of Catharine's name, I inadvertently failed to change the spelling in the title of the article. I should read "Catharine" with an "A." Second, Catharine's son George Madison Wilson may very well have been born in Monroe County, Tennessee, before her departure to Kentucky, and daughter Elizabeth Ann was probably also born in that county and definitely in Tennessee, rather than in Kentucky.

It now appears that Catharine and John S. Wilson still lived in Monroe County, Tennessee, during the 1830 census [1830 Monroe Co., TN census enumeration, p. 97 - FHL film #024,533]. They are probably the couple listed as both aged 20-30 with one son (Jacob) and one daughter (Elizabeth Ann) under 5, living very close to Joseph Wilson, aged 50-60, who may be this John's father. If this is true, it would appear that any children born to this couple between their marriage in 1819 and up to 1824 must have died.

I have been told by descendant Pamela Wilson that a divorce proceeding (#129) was started in May 1828 and continued in May 1829 in the Monroe County Circuit Court, for which I have no copies, but I do have a copy of a further continuance of this proceeding for 1831 (no month given) [copy of State Tax for divorce petition and filing]. The divorce was finally granted in 1831 or 1832. Unless this was very early in 1831, by this time son George Madison Wilson would have been born on 22 Oct 1831, presumably in Monroe County before Catharine left to go to Kentucky. Keep in mind that it is still possible that the divorce decree was issued while Catharine was still pregnant and that she did go to Kentucky when she was six months pregnant. What is the date of the actual divorce? Research for other documents relating to this divorce, such as possibly custody records which could have been placed in the Orphan's Court records, might confirm the names of any other children born to this couple and could confirm whether George was born in Tennessee or Kentucky.

Freshour Faces 32, p. 5:
Margaret (see issue 17) appears in a list of "unconnected TN-NC Freshours." She was born ca. 1798 in Tennessee, married Jarrard B. Huffman 15 July 1815 in Blount County, Tennessee, lived ca. 1817-1830+ in Greene County, Indiana, by 1840 in Taney County, Missouri, by 1850 in Ozark County, Missouri, by 1860 in Douglas County, Missouri.

Freshour Faces 32, p. 12:
Note the following DAR application which is based on erroneous information but which was nevertheless accepted as a basis for DAR membership:
National Number 796404-5 linking Wendle Freshour to Margaret Freshour married to Jarrard Huffman.

Margaret married Jarrard B. HUFFMAN, son of Jesse Sr. HUFFMAN, on 15 Jul 1815 in Blount County, Tennessee. Jarrard was born on 1 May 1791 in Culpeper County, Virginia. He died on 14 Feb 1882 in Douglas County, Missouri.There were other parents.

They had the following children.

+ 823 M i Alexander HUFFMAN was born about 1816. He died about 1860.
+ 824 M ii David Edward HUFFMAN was born about 1819. He died after 1850.
+ 825 M iii Matthew J. HUFFMAN was born about 1820. He died in 1890/1900.
  826 M iv
James Benjamin HUFFMAN was born in 1820/1821 in Indiana.

Freshour Faces 24, p. 18:
James was also called Ben, born about 1820 and died young. (Not all this data is verified by Kathi Sittner.)
+ 827 M v Jesse HUFFMAN was born in Sep 1822. He died after 1900.
+ 828 M vi Jacob F. HUFFMAN was born about 1826. He died in 1890/1900.
+ 829 M vii Jarrard B. HUFFMAN was born about 1829. He died in 1890/1900.
+ 830 M viii William Jefferson HUFFMAN was born in Dec 1830. He died after 1900.
+ 831 M ix Joseph W. HUFFMAN was born in May 1833. He died in 1900/1920.
+ 832 M x Henry Francis HUFFMAN was born on 13 Jan 1837. He died on 27 Dec 1865.
  833 M xi
John F. HUFFMAN was born in 1838/1839 in Missouri.

John probably died about 1861 in the Civil War, but he and his family may simply have moved.

Freshour Faces 24, p. 18:
John F. was born 12 July 1838, married Lucinda Garrison, died 18 March 1863, and was buried in the Burdette-Huffman Cemetery. (Not all this data is verified by Kathi Sittner.)
John married Lucinda about 1860. They had no children.
+ 834 M xii Francis Marion HUFFMAN was born in 1840/1841. He died in 1870/1880.

184. Margaret "Peggy" STEPHENS (Eve FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 9 Apr 1797 in Greene County, Tennessee. She died on 26 Sep 1876 in Greene County, Tennessee. She was buried in Solomon Church Cemetery.

Margaret married Moses BOWERS, son of John BOWERS and Magdalene , on 31 Oct 1824 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  835 M i
Andrew S. BOWERS.
  836 F ii
Mary Magdelene BOWERS.
  837 F iii
  838 F iv
Lavina S. (or J.) BOWERS.

185. Jacob STEPHENS (Eve FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 28 Jan 1803 in Greene County, Tennessee. He died on 12 Jun 1879 in Cocke County, Tennessee. He was buried in on top of a mountain in Parrotsville, Tennessee.

Jacob married Lavina SMITH, daughter of William SMITH and Susannah , on 19 Sep 1833 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  839 M i
  840 M ii
Andrew (B.?) STEPHENS.
  841 F iii
Margaret E. (or L.) "Lizzie" STEPHENS.
  842 M iv
  843 F v
Susannah J. "Susan" STEPHENS.
  844 F vi
Catharine "Kate" STEPHENS.

186. Samuel L. STEPHENS (Eve FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 2 Apr 1805 in Greene County, Tennessee. He died on 26 Apr 1874 in Greene County, Tennessee. He was buried in Stephens Cemetery, south of Solomon Lutheran Church.

Samuel married Mary Jane FARNSWORTH, daughter of Thomas FARNSWORTH and Margaret , on 16 Aug 1838/1839 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  845 F i
Margaret E. STEPHENS.
  846 F ii
  847 M iii
  848 F iv
Lavinia R. STEPHENS.
  849 M v
  850 M vi
  851 M vii
  852 F viii
Eliza Jane STEPHENS.
  853 M ix
Benjamin F. STEPHENS.
  854 M x
Isaac H. Fox "Fox" STEPHENS.

192. Mary Ann "Polly" WINTER (Catharine FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1797 in Greene County, Tennessee. She died in 1850/1852.

Freshour Faces #18:
Polly Freshour and Phillip Neese (or Nease) obtained their marriage license on 4 Feb 1816 in Greene County. Polly probably died in Greene County after the 1850 census and before Philip's will was written on 18 oct 1852. In addition to the children listed, they had a daughter, born last, who died before 1850.

Freshour Faces 23, p. 17:
Susan Partridge says that the second daugher whom we have assigned to Catherine (Freshour) and Joseph Winter(s) was actually named Mary Ann, called Polly, and was born 25 Nov 1798, only three months after the death of their first child, Mary. As was so often the case, the next-born daughter was evidently given the same name. Susan says that Mary Ann married on 31 Jan 1817 (we have her marriage license as 4 Feb 1816, which seems quite a while before the marriage date!) to Philip Nehs-Nees, a son of Johannes-John Nehs and Elisabeth Rausch. The names the children as listed here.

Mary married Philip NEES OR NEHS, son of John NEHS and Elisabeth RAUSCH, about 1816 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  855 F i
Elizabeth NEES OR NEHS.
  856 M ii
  857 F iii
Cadarina "Catharine" NEHS OR NEES.
  858 F iv
Salome Sarah "Sally" NEES OR NEHS.
  859 M v
John George NEES OR NEHS.
  860 M vi
  861 M vii

193. Andrew WINTER (Catharine FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 10 Nov 1806 in Greene County, Tennessee. She died on 10 Feb 1866 in Greene County, Tennessee. She was buried in Old St. James Church Cemetery.

Andrew married Sarah "Sally" OTTINGER on 18 Apr 1830 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  862 M i
  863 F ii
Catharine OTTINGER.
  864 F iii
Margaret OTTINGER.
  865 F iv
Magdaline OTTINGER.
  866 F v
Lavina "Vine" OTTINGER.
  867 M vi
  868 F vii
  869 M viii
  870 M ix
  871 F x
Emily Parmelia OTTINGER.

195. Joseph WINTER (Catharine FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1814/1815 in Cocke County, Tennessee. He died after 1860.

Freshour Faces #18:

Joseph probably died in Cocke County, Tennessee. He married Rachel Carroll in September 1843, probably on the 3rd.

Joseph married Rachel CARROLL in Sep 1843 in Greene County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  872 M i
William WINTER.
  873 F ii
  874 M iii
  875 M iv
George WINTER.
  876 M v
James H. WINTER.
  877 F vi
Elizabeth WINTER.
  878 M vii
Calvin WINTER.
  879 M viii
Luther WINTER.
  880 F ix
Florence WINTER.
  881 F x
Margaret WINTER.

196. Catharine WINTER (Catharine FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born on 11 Feb 1818 in Cocke County, Tennessee. She died in Boone County, Indiana.

Freshour Faces #18:

Catharine married Ambrose Nease "23 Aug 1838?" and died "3 Mar. 1892?"

Catharine married Ambrose NEASE in Cocke County, Tennessee.

They had the following children.

  882 F i
Permelia NEASE.
  883 F ii
Flora NEASE.
  884 M iii
Alfred NEASE.
  885 M iv
Miles NEASE.
  886 F v
Amy (or Emma) NEASE.
  887 M vi
Jerome R. NEASE.
  888 F vii
Isabel NEASE.
  889 M viii
Jesse NEASE.
  890 M ix
Salmon NEASE.
  891 F x

198. Male WELLER (Susanna FRESHOUR , John , Johann Georg ) was born about 1809/1810 in Greene County, Tennessee. He died before 1840.

Male married about 1835/1837.

They had the following children.

  892 F i
Martha E. WELLER.
  893 F ii
Eliz. Jane (or Nancy) WELLER.
        Eliz. married George Washington KELLER.

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