New World: It is hard for us to imagine the swirl of emotions that must have coursed through the Wicker immigrants. They left a secure homeland in Devon & departed for the colonies & a different life. It dosen't appear that they left for punitive or disciplinary reason. It was the lure of a new land with fresh opportunity that brought them to the colonies.
Benjamin & his family first moved as permanent settlers in New Kent Co Va. Benjamin was patriarch at that time. Shortly they moved into Hanover Co, probably before 1725. Louisa Co was cut off from Hanover Co so, in 1742, the main family shifted residence without moving. Granville Co NC opened up for settlement in 1747, & before long most of the family of Benjamin moved into that area.
They were neither wealthy nor titled. Yet, they could afford land & were reasonably prosperous. Parish records in St Peter's Parish in Va show that most had some education. They were active in community life, appearing in court records often as jurors, road overseers. They were "processioners" of land & workers within the church itself. Processioning was the practice of walking the boundaries of each landowner's holding to reaffirm the correctness of their boundaries.
Notes: Benjamin was sent to England when quite young. He was there when Thomas, already a widower, wrote his will in 1704. There are very few records of Benjamin. He may have come to Virginia in the ship "Mary" in 1716 when Barbara Levermore wrote her will aboard that ship; Mentions in her will: "I give Elizabeth & Benjamin Wicker all due from them & the like to James Henderson."
Church Records: New Kent Co Va, show Benjamin & Elizabeth being paid as guardian of George Baisey 1718/1721
Death: It appeared that Benjamin must have died in NC. After much study of deeds it is more likely Benjamin & wife died in Va, perhaps, Hanover Co. Few probate records exist for Hanover Co
Death; recorded in St Peter's Register New Kent Co Va, formed from York Co 1654
Note: Possible maiden name, Levermore
Land:Sold all rights of land of his father's, 21 Nov 1818
Document: Thomas was named in document of 14 Nov 1668 as living with his father, John, on property called Codlins, Colyton.
Indenture: From the following indenture it is apparent that Thomas left England the last of Sep 1685 on Capt Walter Lyle's ship; John Lyle, Master.
Source: Stafford Co Va Court Records-May 1664-1667/8 &11 Dec 1689-1693
Page 4: "Thos. Whickers & George Spillers by Capt George Brent their attorney humbly showeth that the petitioners being in Englnad their native country about the 29th of Sept 1685 at the Town of Topsham in the Co of Devon & minding to transport themselves into Virginia, did then & there agree with John Lyle...transportation, clothing & so fourth, did indent each respectively with the said John Lyle to serve him or his assigns after the arrival in Virginia four years, which said reciprocal indentures were sealed & executed before & attested by William Glyde, Esq., a Justice of the Peace of the Town of Topsham, & and afterwards yuor petitioners came into Virginia in Capt Lyle's ship and their Master John Lyle after their arrival which ws the first day of dec 1685, sold them to Richard Atkusse with whom they have only served ever since & showed their Indentures to divers people which they safely kept until about 3 or 4 months when they were taken out of the room where they lodged by some sinister practice which the said Aylisse refuseth to discharge your petitioners or to pay them their corn & clothes, wherefore they have brought their humble complaint to your worships, & do most humbly pray that their witnesses may be sworne to prove their Indentures, that they may be discharaged from their service, & the said Aylisse may be ordered to pay your petitioners their corn & clothes, together with such loss as they shall be out to the Clerke for the said order."
"And now forasmuch as the said Thomas Whickers & George Spillers did in court
prove by the Oaths of Two Sufficient Evidences upon the holy Evangelists of Almighty God that they had each of the respectively lawful & authentick Indentures for four years time as aforesaid, therefore it is ordered that the said Thomas Whickers & George Spillers (sic) of and from Richard Aylisse their master shall be free & that the said Richard Aylisse shall pay each of them their corn & clothes with all country dues respectively with all loss at Execution."
Note:It does not seem that any wifes or children made this journey with these 2 Indentured Servants...
Note: It appears that Thomas sent Benjamin to England before 1704 when he wrote his will in Westmoreland Co Va. Thomas Whickers was one of five witness to the will of John Scott of Westmoreland C Va 20 May 1700. A Codicil was proved by Charles Tankersley & Thomas Wickers on 26 May 1710.
There does not seem to be any relationship, but among the provisions of this will was one that Scott's son John, when age 8 or 9 years, was to be sent to England to his uncle Gustavus to be educated. It may be that Benjamin Wicker was sent to England at that time.
Note:Men signed on as Indentured Servants for a given period of time from 4 to 7 years in Colonial times, as a means of gaining his transportation to the New World where he either, could learn a trade in that period of time or exercise the trade he had already in the Old World.
Will:Of Thomas Whicker, dated 4 apr 1704 Westmoreland Co, proved 26 Jul 1704 In the name of God, Amen! I, Thomas Wicker of Appamattox in Westmoreland Co, being sick & weak of body but of perfet sense & memory, praise be the Almighty God, & knowing the certainty of death, but the undertainty of time when, do make this my last Will & Testament in manner & form following.
Imprimus, I give & bequeath to my well beloved son Benjamin Wicker 40 sterling, living in the Parish of Southleigh.
Item, I give & bequeath to George Crosse, my Executors son in law, six hundred pounds of tobacco in cash. I desire that there be eleven hundred pounds in tomacco laid out for my funeral in drink & cakes.
Item, I give & bequeath to Thomas Chancellor what shall be remaining of my crop at George Spellers after my funeral charges is paid for.
Item, I give & bequeath to Thomas Chancellor Junr. my gunn.
Item, I give & bequeath to Charles Tankersley all my clothes & also my desire is that my truly well friend Mr Jacob Martyn have inspection into all my concerns.
Lastly, I constitute him to be my Executor of this my last Will & Testament.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal this fourth day of April 1704. Thomas Wickers (seal)
Test: Sarah Hoare, Charles Tankersley, Westmoreland SS) At a court helf for the said Co the 26 day of July 1704.
The Last Will & Testament of Thomas Wickers within written was proved by the oaths of all the witnesses thereto subscribed & upon the motion of Charles Ashton Gent., Attorney of Jacob Martyn Executor in the said will named.
Test: Ja Westcomb (Seal)
Recorded 2..die Aug 1704
Residence: Lived in Seaton