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The Bozeman Adair Family




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Cherokee Adairs


Newspaper Article, from: Georgia Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 10 October, 1963, p. 588. from the Augusta Chronicle And Gazette of the State. Issue of 26 March 1791, Page 3, Column 2.

Wheras as my wife Margaret Adair, without my consent or permission, has left my bed and board, and is at present living with another man; I do hereby foreawrn all persons from crediting her on my account, either is this state or in any of the United States, as I am determined to pay no debts of her contracting.

(Signed) Edward Adair, Augusta, March 18, 1791.


Newspaper Article,  from: Augusta Chronicle And Gazette of the State. Issue of 11 June 1791.

Mr. Printer, Please to insert the following piece in your next paper.

Whereas Edward Adair, to whom I was unfortunately married the 7th of April, 1784, has thought proper to advertise me in your paper of the 2d of April last, setting forth, that I had left his bed and board without his knowledge, and had taken to live with another man, he therefore forewarned all persons from crediting me on his account, either in the state of Georgia or in any of the United States:- In justice, therefore, to my injured character, and the base disposition of the said Edward Adair, I must beg leave to inform the public,  That, in three months after my marriage to the said Edward Adair, he run off from Philadelphia, where he left me without the smallest means of support, but what I could be favored with by the assistance of my relations, or my own labor, the little property he had left in Philadelphia, being a short time after his departure, taken and sold for the payment of his debts. In that situation I remained among my relations until 1788, when I received two letters from him, begging I would come to him at Augusta, in the state of Georgia; setting forth to me by his said letters, that he had required a large property, and wishing to settle at Augusta as a merchant; and where, if I would come, he hoped not only to make me happy, but to make me amends for the past injuries he had done me: Though Mr .Adair did not send a single sixpence to bring me to Augusta, agreeable to his request I came. When I came to Augusta, I was informed that he was only an Indian trader, from Colonel Le Roy Hammond's, at Snow Hill, and possessed of very little property or credit. I went to Col. Hammand's, where I remained three or four months, during which time I was very kindly treated by all that good family; but Mr. Adair not comin to me in the course of that time, though he knew I was there, induced me to go stay with Mr. Adair's sister, in Georgia, where I remained two months, when Mr. Adair came, and then he only stayed with me two days, till he hurried off to the Indian country, leaving me an order on a store for goods to the amount of forty shillings and pretending he had considerable property in the Indian country, whither it was necessary for him to return without delay, in order to bring down his property and settle with me: But so little was he in a hurry, that I did not see him again for eight months; then he came, and said it had not been in his power to bring away his property, but he should be able in a very short time to do it, in order (as he said) to do which, it was necessary to return in a few days, as he could not think himself happy till he had brought his property together, so as to be able to provide for and take care of me. He did return in a few days, leaving me another order on a store, for forty shillings in goods, and that is all the support I have had from Mr. Adair since I arrived in Georgia; nor has he ever returned to me.

     Being much disstressed under these circumstances, I must beg leave to inform the public, it was impossible for me to leave the bed and board of Mr. Adair, as I don't believe he has ever had either, but a bear skin and hut in the Indian country, since he run off from me and mine in Philadelphia; and I am confident, the ungrateful man had very little cause to forewarn all persons from crediting me on his account, either in Georgia or in any of the United States, as I firmly believe, a lone woman would starve upon a general and unlimited letter of credit from under his hand, in any or all the states, unless she had had some other means of support.

                                                                   Margaret Adair, May 31, 1791.


Horse Thieves, from: McCuen, Anne K., Jane E. Kirkman, and Penelope Forrester, Abstracts Of General Sessions Court Case Rolls. p. 49-51. (A498)

Washington District General Sessions Court Case Rolls, 1792-1799.

#056 Caruthers, John Junior, Pendleton County, Horse Stealing

    RECOGNIZE, 24 March 1795.....Charge: John Caruthers, Junior, did feloniously steal a "sorrell" gelding propert of Edward Adair, on night of 1 January 1794; ....RECOGNIZANCE, 6 April 1795...Edward Adair will appear at next Court at Pickensville.      RECOGNIZANCE, nd. Issued by William Edmondson, JP and B. Bowen, JP to John Caruthers, Junior, 1000L; Securities: Robert Cravens, 500L, John Adair, 500L; Condition: Appearance on 10 April next for his trial for horse stealing....SCIRE FACIAS, 10 April 1795, Witness: Edward Adair; Charge Stealing, Condition: John Caruthers (stole a horse from) Edward Adair of Pendleton County. INDICTMENT, 10 Nov. 1795, .... Witness: Major Cravens, Obran Buffington, Edward Adair, William Gray, Levi Roberts; Jury: ....Verdict: Not Guilty


Cherokee Adairs, from: Georgia Genealogical Magazine, Volume 30, Number 2, p. 194.

Commander, Samuel verse Edward and Walter Adair, Charles and Samuel Ward, and James Helton and William England, 1818. Franklin County Superior Court Records.


* Walter/Edward's Mother, University of Georgia Libraries, give the family history of some of the prominent Cherokee families of Georgia. For more information on these families see Emmet Starr, Old Cherokee Families, 1968, and pp. 26-28 of Davis, Robert, Guide To Native American Research Sources, 1985.(A494)

James Blair to Governor Jon Clark, 11 Febuary 1822, Box 48.

"...The following is a description of Claimants. Catherine Ward (a woman) about 1/8 Indian Blood, who has four sons by a white man...   Walter and Edward Adair, whose mother had a little Indian Blood, were raised in South Carolina, the former of whom had a reserve in that state which he has sold, and is now postmaster at Habersham Court House, has been a commisioned officer and enjoyed all the priviledges of other citizens of the state--all the above named four sons of Catherine Ward and the Adairs are lawfully married to white women and have families..."


Hugh Montomery to Governor Wilson Lumpkin, 2 July 1831, Box 49:

"... On examining the file of notifications, I find that Richard Walker, John Martin, Daniel Davis, Gurje Parris, Walter S. Adair, Richard Taylor, and John Ross, have all filed the notifications required by the treaty of 1819; --They are all living in the Cherokee Nation and within the limites of GA; and have sold their reservations; and are the same persons alluded to in the list of Reservees annexed to the treaty of 1819.  "


*1 White Men/Cherokee Families from: p.

White men living in Cherokee County, 1830 from a list of 54 men with Indian families, from Cherokee Indian Letters, Talks, and Treaties, 1786-1838, Atlanta, 1938, WPA Project #4341, Hays, Louise Frederick

Tom Ben Adair                Place of  Residence- Hightower   Has a few negroes (p. 387)

1830 Federal Census of Gwinnett Co. Whitemen living in the Cherokee Lands:

Walker Adair, p. 377/ Saml Adair, Thos. B. Adair, p. 378.


*1 Settlers Of Georgia's Indian Border, 1829-1833, from: p. 251.

In Dec. 1829 Gen. John Coffee of Alabama was sent by the War Department to figure out what the border was between the Cherokee and Creek Nations. The report is on microfilm 101-3 At GA. Archives/roll 73 National Archives M234

Walter Adair, 46 years old, 1/4 Cherokee, 1 of the Cherokee Judges, (from 519-20, 100-3)


Cherokee Chiefs from: Gilmer, George R. Georgians (First Settlers of Upper Georgia) Heritage Papers:DANIELSVILLE, 1989 (A509)

In an answer to a letter wriiten by Governor George Gilmer in which Gilmer requested the parentage of the Cherokee Chiefs, particularly John Ross, Richard Taylor, Coody, Ridge, John Martin, the two Adairs, and Daniel,  Col. John Sanford replied. Gilmer wrote, The father of John Ross, Lewis Ross, and their brothers and their sister, the mother of Coody, was a Scotchman. The father of John Ross’s mother was a Scotchman. Martin’s father was a Virginian. The fathers of the Adairs were Irishmen, or South Carolinians of Irish descent. Scan Page 312, 313


Walter S. Adair, from: Warren, Mary B., Whites Amoung The Cherokees, GA 1828-1838 Heritage Papers:DANIELSVILLE 1987, p. 94. (A510)

Wat Adair (Red Wat Adair or Walter S. Adair) the Chief Justice in the Cherokee Nation is the son of a white man by the name of Edward Adair. His Mother was a half breed. His father lived in Pendleton district South Carolina - and as soon as the son could be taken from its mother Adair was removed to the care and protection of his father. - The Father done a fatherly part by him - He was educated at the best schools, at that time in South Carolina and inherited the whole of his father’s estate. He however squandered it in a few years -- He was at one time, the Sheriff of Pendleton district and so very popular among the people that notwithstanding his Indian descent, could have received any office in the power of the district to give.

He took a reserve in the County of Hall under the last Treaty with the Cherokees and lived on it from the time it was surveyed until the sale of it to the United States Com’rs in 1824 - He than for the first time, went among the Cherokees - with whom he has lived ever since- Since his removal there ha has married a Niece of John Martin’s.

I know all these people and were it not that I did know that they had Indian blood in them - I should never have detected it by looking at them.

                                                          Respectfully Your obt. Servant

                                                                   Samuel A. Wales


“Clarkesville 30th August 1831

Source: Cherokee Letters, Page 290, GA Archives



Walter Adair, from: Warren, Mary B., Whites Amoung The Cherokees, GA 1828-1838 Heritage Papers:DANIELSVILLE 1987, p. 94-95. (A510)

Black Wat Adair (Walter Adair) is the son os a White man by the name of John Adair who was a brother of the Father of the Chief Justice (Edward Adair - thus Red Wat and Black Wat are first cousins) - his Mother was a half breed - The Father of Black Wat lived in Pendleton district - where Black Wat himself lived until his marriage - He married into a very reputable family by the name of Thompson now living in this county (Habersham). Adair has a reserve in this county - after the sale of it in 1824, he removed to his present residence. The Thompsons who are white men living in the Cherokee Nation, are the brothers of Black Wat’s wife - one of the Thompson’s married a daughter of Martin’s, the other two married sisters by ......... Wat’s has also married a daughter of Martin.

I know all these people and were it not that I did know that they had Indian blood in them - I should never have detected it by looking at them.

                                                          Respectfully Your obt. Servant

                                                                   Samuel A. Wales


“Clarkesville 30th August 1831

Source: Cherokee Letters, Page 290, GA Archives

Cherokee Adair Tidbits from: Warren, Mary B., Whites Amoung The Cherokees, GA 1828-1838 Heritage Papers:DANIELSVILLE 1987,. (A510)

p. 95 ...Of Their Judges, -- The Adairs Red and Black head Wat so called, the one of the supreme the other of the Circuit Court. Their forefathers on one side were from Ireland and had probably the same reasons for attaching themselves to the Indians, that induced others, during our troubles, into an alliance with the scalping knife or tomahawk.

p. 36. Edward Adair abanded land on Shumake; settled later.

p. 42.  Persons allowed to stay in Cherokee Land. W. L. Adair, Walter Adair - E. Adair

p. 43. Edward entitled to reservation for life.

p. 237. John Adair’s wife Ge ho-ga - Foster.


Cherokee Indians from: Shadburn, Don Cherokee Planters in Georgia, 1832-1838. Pioneer-Cherokee Heritage Series, VOL 2, Historical Publications, ROSWELL, GA:1990 p .39. (A511)

...smith shop. At the Elbert Adair place, claimed by Black Watt, the agents reported a dwelling, smokehouse, crib. stable, an orchard, and 28 acres of improved land. Finally at the “Hand Place” on the Etowah River they assessed improvements for $237. His widow and heirs were allowed a grand total of $12,839, which included $1,637 for spoilations and rent.

          Walter Scott Adair (1791-1854) known as “Red Watt,” was born in Pendleton District, South Carolinia, where he was elected sheriff as a young man. A son of Edward Adair and his Cherokee wife, Elizabeth Scott* (first wife of Walter Scott), young Walter had been educated at the best schools, later moved into the Cherokee Nation and took a resvervation of 640 acres in Hall County under the Treaty of 1819. In the 1820s he became a Chief Justice of the Cherokee Supreme Court.

          Before the Treaty of New Echota, Adair had amassed property in five locations in the county: Mercier’s place, at Howard’s, at Nicholson’s, Qua’quaws place, and at Day’s. He claimed a number of buildings, 213 acres of improved land, numerous stables, cribs, barns, kitchens, smokehouses, orchards, slave quarters, and one storehouse at Day’s place. Judge Adair was awarded $7,637.50 for his improvements and $1,288 for dispossession of most of his land in previous years under Georgia law. On the Coosawattee River, near John A. Bell, he also claimed 14 acres of land and a “Store House” of split timber, 18 feet square, with counter shelves and a nailed roof.

          John Thompson Adair, son of Black Watt and Rachel Adair, lived near his father, claiming 80 acres and other property assessed at $1,028. The personel estate of Thomas Goss, a son-in-law of Black Watt, was appraised at Cassville for the benefit of his heirs, a wodow Mary and several children. Upon examination of his improvements, the agents recorded his planation in the sum of $1,846, wit han additional $976 for spoliation on 93 acres of land. In the same valley region, the estate of Thomas Benjamin (Tom Ben) Adair (husband of Rachel Lynch, a mixed-blood, and white son of John Adair) on the Etowah River near the missionary...

* Researchers disagree on Elizabeth’s maiden name. Some authorties believe she was a Martin (daughter of General Joseph Martin and Betsy Ward) or a sister of William Hicks, Sr.

p. 45. Samuel Adair, eldest of 15 children of John Adair by 2 marriages, died testicle in Cass County in 1846, 7 years after the Cherokee Removal ended.

p. 47. Calvin Adair was a son of Edward.

p. 32. Charlotte, mother of John Adair Bell and wife of John Bell, a white man.

p. 17. John and Edward Adair immigrated to South Carolinia from Northern Ireland.


Reference D. Info on Edward, he seems to be from Pendleton District, SC