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A List of the Names and some of the Residences of the Rebel Participants in Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 in Colonial Virginia


put together by Kevin Frazier - fkevinf@adelphia.net

Copyright 1999 - 2004

 

Name - County of Residence and Miscellaneous Information
-------------------------------------
Adams, Peter - Norfolk - exempt from pardon?
Allen, Stephen - Surry - Southwark Parish
Anderton, George - Middlesex - charged with adultery after revolt
Arnell, Anthony - executed
Arnold, Anthony - Westmoreland (Henrico) - in prison awaiting trial - sentenced to death - owned 500 acres - forfeited estate
Atkins, Richard - Surry - owned 274 acres after revolt
Bacon, Nathaniel - Henrico - planter
Bagnall, James - Isle of Wight - county court clerk in 1646 - owned 300 acres - owns 470 acres in 1683

Bagwell, John - Northampton - begged for forgiveness - 0n knees with rope around neck - owned 465 acres in Accomack in 1704 - foreman of the jury in Rappahannock in 1675 - owned 600 acres in Northampton in 1672
Baker, Henry - Surry - Southwark Parish - owned 350 acres in 1684 - wife and ten kids in 1697 - owned 350 acre in Essex and 375 acres in Nansemond in 1704
Baker, Thomas - Lancaster - fined 1000 lb. of pork - owned 100 acres in King William - London fishmonger and merchant - given 200 acre in 1679
Ballard, Thomas - Rappahannock - esquire - sheriff in James City in 1660 - took oath and friend of Berkeley and treated well - member of Kings council - speaker of council in 1680 and 1684 - owned 725 acres in Rappahannock in 1673 - 600 acres in Gloucester in 1657 - 800 acres in Rapp. in 1666 - 200 acres in N. Kent in 1661 - Ballard's Corner in 1694 in Nanse. - Petsworth Parish in 1711 and 1714 in Glouc. - sheriff in Westmore. in 1676 and said Governor deserted government in face of Indians - Kingston Parish in Glouc. in 1690
Ballou, William - Henrico - servant to Mrs. Vaulx - ordered back to serve
Baptista, John - frenchman - hanged 20 Jan 1677 - Berkeley said he was bloody
Barlow
Barrow, James - locked up at Greenspring
Barton, Richard - Westmoreland - asked for mercy
Beale, Thomas - Surry
Bennett, Ambrose - Isle of Wight
Bennett, Jonas - Surry - Southwark Parish
Bentley, Mathew - Middlesex - Captain - briefly jailed
Bird, William - Henrico
Blackford, William - Middlesex
Blankville, Charles - Elizabeth City - asked for pardon
Bland, Giles - Charles City - customs inspector - hanged
Bland, John - Lower Norfolk - Spanish merchant
Blaydon, Thomas - Charles City - planter - pardoned
Blewford, Richard - Middlesex
Blunt, William - Surry - Southwark Parish
Boodle, Robert - Middlesex - Captain - constable
Bowler, Thomas - Rappahannock
Bray, James - James City
Bremington, Captain - Maryland
Brent, Giles - Stafford
Brewer, John - Middlesex
Brim, John - Middlesex
Brookes, William - Middlesex
Brown, John
Brown, Richard - Surry
Burgess, Robert - Surry - Lieutenant - fined 8,000 lb. tobacco
Cardenpaine, Cor. - Surry - Southward Parish
Carleton, Stephen - Northampton
Carver, William - Lower Norfolk - justice and Captain - executed
Catlin, Captain - Henrico
Cheesman, Edmund - York - Captain/Major
Cheesman, Mrs. - York
Clarke, Hall
Clark, John - Middlesex
Clark, Richard - New Kent
Clark, Thomas - Surry
Clay, Charles - Henrico
Clements, John - Surry - Southwark and Lawnes Parish - fined 300 lb. tobacco
Cocker, John - New Kent
Code, John - Maryland
Cookson, William - Henrico - Captain - hanged
Crews, James - Henrico - hanged
Darby
Davis, Edward - Surry - Southwark Parish
Davis, John - Isle of Wight
Davis, William - Maryland - hanged
Dean, John - James City
Death, Charles
Digby, John - Lower Norfolk - Captain - servant
Donnahan, Richard - Westmoreland - asked for mercy
Drew, Captain - Surry - with Ingram at Greenspring
Drummond, Sarah - James City
Drummond, William - Middlesex - planter - leader of rebels - hanged
Dudley, William - Middlesex - fined 16 hogsheads of tobacco
Evans, Robert - Surry - Southwark Parish
Every, Fra - Surry
Farloe, George - York - Captain - hanged
Farmer, Richard - Lower Norfolk- sentenced to death
Farrar, Richard - hanged
Fendall, Josias - Maryland
Forbes, James - Surry - Southwark Parish - asked for pardon
Forth, John - escaped and forfeited estate
Fulgeham, Anthony - Isle of Wight
Gale, Matthew - Gloucester
Gee, Henry - Henrico - fined 1000 lb. of pork
Gent, William - Maryland
Gibbons, Thomas - Surry - Southwark Parish
Gooch, Henry - York - Lt. Colonel - fined 6000 lb. pork
Goodrich, John - Middlesex
Goodrich, Thomas - Rappahannock - Lt. Colonel - begged for mercy
Gord, Henry - Surry
Gordon, Thomas - Rappahannock - begged for mercy and pardoned
Gouge, Coll. - Henrico
Green, Edward - Surry
Gregory, Francis - Surry
Gray, John - Surrey - signed declaration of people
Grind, Sarah Stage
Groves, William - south of James - commander - slain
Guthridge, John - Middlesex
Hall, Thomas - New Kent - county clerk - hanged - court-martialed on Martin's Ship
Hancock, William - Surry
Hansford, Thomas - Surry - Colonel - 1st Virginian born ever hanged
Hardidge, Joseph - Westmoreland
Hardwick, Joseph - Westmoreland - imprisoned after admitted guilt
Harris, George - Surry - Southwark Parish
Harris, John
Harris, Thomas - Isle of Wight - Lt. Colonel - captured
Hartland, Anthony - Charles City - fined 5000 lb. tobacco
Hartly, Thomas - Middlesex
Haselman, Giles - Maryland
Hatcher, William - Henrico - fined 8000 lb. pork
Hatton, George - Pennsylvania
Hauviland, Anthony - Charles City - wounded Thomas Moore - fined 5000 lb. tobacco
Heath, Adam - Surry
Heath, William - Surry - Southwark Parish
High, Thomas - Surry
Holden, Robert - Surry - prison - fined 5000 lb. tobacco
Hooke, Jeremiah - banished
Hooper, George - Middlesex
Howell, Edmund - Surry - Southwark Parish
Hume, David - Middlesex - Lieutenant
Hume, George - Surry - asked for pardon - wrote bill grievance
Hunnicut, John - Surry - asked for mercy
Hunt, William - Charles City - French doctor - died before trial - property confiscated
Immers, John - Surry
Ingram, Joseph - Charles City - leader after Bacon
Ironmonger, John - Surry
Isles, John - Nansemond
Jennings, John - Isle of Wight - clerk court - died before banished
Joan, Robert
Johnson, John - Lower Norfolk - hanged
Johnson, Ni - Surry - Southwark Parish
Jones, Robert - veteran English Civil War - sentenced to death - pardoned
Jones, William - Surry - Southwark Parish
Jordan, George - Surry - signed declaration of rights
Jordan, Richard, Sr. - Isle of Wight - Bacon representative - signed county grievances
Joy, George - New England
Judkins, Robert - Surry
Judkins, Samuel - Surry - Southwark Parish - constable
Kay, Robert - Surry
Kendall, William - Northampton
King, Thomas - Surry - Southwark Parish
Knight, Robert - Middlesex
Knowles, Sands - Gloucester - prison unless forfieted property - asked for pardon
Langston, John - New Kent - Captain - not pardoned
Lanier, John - Charles City
Lanquester, James - captured, escaped
Lawrence, Richard - James City - Patrick Henry of rebellion - Oxford trained - escaped - not pardoned
Lawson, John - James City
Lewis, Stephen - Surry - Southwark Parish
Long, Arthur - Surry - Captain - begged for forgiveness - hanged
Lowder, Robert - New Kent
Lushington, Thomas - Surry
Magnus, Mathew - Surry - Southwark Parish - asked for pardon
Mannering, Stephen - Westmoreland - officer - burned Wash. house - asked for mercy
Maples, Thomas - James City - fined 1000 lbs of pork
Marshall, John - Isle of Wight
Miller, Simon - Rappahannock
Miller, Edward - Isle of Wight
Milner, George
Minge, James - Charles City - clerk House of Burgesses - drew up Bacon papers at Middle plantation
Muschamp, Christopher - Warwick - asked for mercy - pardoned
Myrick, Owen - Surry
Newett, William - Surry - Southwark Parish
Nichols, Henry - Middlesex
Overy, Jeremy - Middlesex
Owen, Jeremiah - Middlesex
Page, Henry - carpenter - hanged
Pate, John - Maryland - hanged
Pearce, Samuel - Surry - Southwark Parish
Penny, Richard - Isle of Wight
Pettaway, Edward - Surry - Southwark Parish
Pettaway, William - Surry - Southwark Parish
Phelps, Edward - York - with Sarah Grindon
Philips, John, Sr. - Surry - Southwark Parish
Pittman, Thomas, Sr. - Surry - Southwark Parish
Pomfrey, Richard - sentenced to death
Porter, Robert - New Kent
Potts, William - Rappahannock - begged - pardoned
Powell, Thomas - Gloucester - Captain
Proctor, George - Surry - Southwark Parish
Pulestone, John - Surry - Southwark Parish
Pygott, John - Henrico - swears against loyalist
Regan, Daniel - Surry
Regan, Elizabeth - Surry - wife of Daniel - whipped for being verbal
Reymey, Barnard - Middlesex
Rice, Dominick - Northumberland - begged for mercy - imprisoned
Richens, John - Middlesex - banished and returned in 1680
Rogers, John, Sr. - Surry
Rogers, Joseph - Surry - Lawnes Creek Parish
Rookings, William - Surry - Major - sentenced to death - died in jail
Ross, Andrew - Middlesex - jailed in 1681 for suspicion
Rowland, William
Rugbye, William - Surry - asked for pardon - Southwark Parish
Rutherford, John - Surry - jailed and fined - Lawnes Creek Parish
Sadler, Matthew
Sanders, John - Nansemond - jailed and fined 2000 lbs tobacco
Scarburg, Charles - Accomack - Captain - fined 40 lbs to government and pardoned
Scarborough, William - Middlesex - sentenced to death
Seaton, George - Gloucester - prison or forteit property then pardoned
Senior, Thomas - Surry - asked for pardon - Southwark Parish
Sharpe, Richard - Isle of Wight
Sherwood, William - Charles City
Simmons, William - Surry - Ensign
Skelton, John - Surry - House of Delegates from Goochland - asked for pardon
Skewon, Edward - Captain
Skinner, John - Surry - asked for pardon - Southwark Parish
Skinner, Mary - Surry - wife of John - whipped for being vocal
Slaughter, Anthony - Middlesex
Smith, Arthure - Isle of Wight - Lt. Colonel - took oath with Middle Plantation
Smith, John - Rappahannock - Lt. Colonel - took oath of allegiance
Spencer, Alex - Surry - Southwark Parish
Spring, Robert
Starbrough, William - Surry
Steele, Richard - Sury
Stokes, Robert - Isle of Wight - hanged
Sturdevant, John - Charles City - not pardoned
Swann, Thomas - Surry - Colonel - signed declaration of people
Tarieton, Stephen - New Kent
Tarvet, John - Surry - Southwark Parish
Taylor, John - banished
Thompson, Richard - Lancaster - asked for forgiveness
Thorp, Otho - York
Tibalis, William - Henrico - fined 1000 lbs pork
Tomlin, Matthew - Isle of Wight - took oath
Tomson, Richard - Northumberland - prison and asked for pardon
True, Richard - Surry - Southwark Parish
Turner, James - New Kent
Turner, John - Charles City - hanged or escaped?
Turney, Richard - Westmoreland - not pardoned
Vahan, Walter - Surry - asked for pardon - Southwark Parish
Walker, Alexander - York
Walkett, Gregory - rebel commander after Bacon's death
Warr, Thomas - Isle of Wight - banished
Weatherby, Thomas - Middlesex
Weekes, Robert - Charles City
West, Henry - Isle of Wight - banished to England for seven years and estate forfeited
West, John - pardoned
West, William - Northumberland - brother Henry - hanged? - escaped from jail
Whaley, Thomas - Major - took oath - commanded garrison
Wheeler, Nevett - Charles City - pardoned
Whitson, John - Surry
Whore, William
Wiatts, Nicholas - Gloucester - Captain
Williams, George - Surry - asked for pardon - Southwark Parish
Wilsford, Thomas - Northumberland - Captain - hanged
Wilson, James - New Kent - hanged
Wisdom, John - Rappahannock - banished
Woodlief, John - Charles City - asked government to fight Indians with John Lanier
Wood, William - Middlesex
Wyatt, Nicholas - Charles City
Young, Thomas - James City - hanged - with Cromwell in English Civil War

Rebel Occupations

Attorney - 8
Blacksmith - 3
Burgess - 7
Carpenter - 2
Clerk of Court - 6
Constable/Sheriff - 6
Customs Collector - 1
Justice - 13
King's Council - 3
Merchant - 3
Miller - 1
Physician - 2
Searmaker - 1
Servant - 8
Shoemaker - 1
Surveyor - 3
Vestryman - 7

Rebel Residences, Land Ownership and History

Residences/Owned Over 500 Acres/Owned less Than 500 Acres
---------------------------------------------------------
Accomack - 1/1/0
Charles City - 14/5/2
Elizabeth City - 1/0/1
Gloucester - 4/1/1
Henrico - 11/2/2
Isle of Wight - 16/10/4
James City - 7/5/1
Lancaster - 2/0/0
Lower Norfolk - 5/1/1
Middlesex - 26/3/5
Nansemond - 2/0/2
New Kent - 9/4/0
Northampton - 2/0/2
Northumberland - 4/1/0
Rappahannock - 9/4/1
Stafford - 1/1/0
Surry - 74/17/19 - largest group recorded - Southwark Parish
York - 8/1/2
Warwick - 1/0/0
Westmoreland - 7/2/0

Maryland - 7
New England - 1
Pennsylvania - 1

French - 2
Spanish - 1
2 - fought in English Civil War

24 - sentence to death or hanged
7 - banished

Leaders:

Nathaniel Bacon - died of bloody flux and lice infestation during revolt
William Drummond - hanged
William Groves - slain
Richard Lawrence - "Patrick Henry of Rebellion"
Joseph Ingram
Gregory Walkett

Rebel Army

Officers:

2 Lieutenants/Ensigns
20 Captains
3 Majors
6 Lieutenant Colonels
6 Colonels
2 Generals

Estimated Structure:

11 companies of 60 men each based on the average size of an English company

11 x 60 = 660 men + senior officers = approximately 700 men

Actual Number of Rebel Names Found:

234 male
5 female

239 total


Bibliography for Bacon's Rebels

 

Primary Sources

 

Andrews, Charles M., ed. Narratives of Insurrections, 1675-1690. New York: Barnes and Noble, Inc., 1915/67.

 

Ayers, Margaret McNeill, ed. Charles City County, Virginia Order Book, 1676-1679. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1968.

 

Billings, Warren, ed. The Old Dominion in the Seventeenth Century: A Documentary History of Virginia, 1606-1689. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975.

 

Chamberlayne, C.G., ed. TheVestry Book of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County (Mathews County), 1679-1796. Richmond, Virginia: Old Dominion Press,1929.

 

______, ed. The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City County, Virginia, 1684-1786. Richmond: The Library Board, 1937.

 

______, ed. The Vestry Book of Petsworth Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia, 1677-1793. Richmond: The Library Board, 1933.

 

Chapman, Blanche Adams, ed. Marriages of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, 1628-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1933/82.

 

Crozier, William Armstrong, ed. Virginia Colonial Militia, 1651-1776. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1973.

 

Dorman, John Frederick, ed. Westmoreland County, Virginia Deeds, Patents, ETC., 1665-1677. Part 1, 2, 3, and 4. Washington, D.C., 1973/73/74/75.

 

______, ed. Westmoreland County, Virginia Order Book, 1675/76-1688/89. Part 1, 1675/76-1679. Washington, D.C., 1982.

 

______, ed. York County, Virginia Deeds, Orders, WillS, ETC., Number 8, 1687-1691. Part I and II. Washington, D.C., 1974.

 

Farish, Hunter Dickinson, ed. The Present State of Virginia and the College. by Henry Hartwell, James Blair and Edward Chilton. Williamsburg, Virginia, 1940.

 

Finestone, Harry, ed. Bacon's Rebellion: The Contemporary News Sheets. Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 1956.

 

Force, Peter, ed. A List of Those that have been Executed for the Late Rebellion. by Sir William Berkeley. Washington, D.C., 1835.

 

_______, ed. Tracts and other Papers: Relating Principally to the Origin, Settlement, and Progress of the Colonies in North America, From the Discovery of the Country to the Year 1776. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C., 1836.

 

Elizabeth City County Deeds, Wills and Orders, 1684-1699.

 

Hening, William Waller, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of all the 'Laws of Virginia'. New York: R. and W. and G. Bartow, 1823/1969.

 

Lindsay, Joyce H., ed. Marriages of Henrico County, Virginia, 1680-1800. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1960.

 

McIlwaine, H.R., ed. Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia, 1659/60--1693. Richmond, 1914.

 

_______, ed. Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia, 1622-1632, 1670-1676. Richmond, 1924.

 

Palmer, William P., ed. Calendar of Virginia State Papers and other Manuscripts, 1652-1781. Vol. I New York: Kraus Reprint Corporation, 1875/1968.

 

Rappahannock County Orders, 1683-1686.

 

Smith, Annie Laurie Wright, ed. The Quit Rents of Virginia and Landowners of that Section Called Northern Neck. 1957.

 

Stafford County Court Records, 1664-68, 1689-93.

 

Stanard, W.G., ed. Extracts from the Records of the Counties of Old Rappahannock,Essx, Middlesex, King George and Richmond. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1890.

 

Surry County Deeds, Wills and Orders, 1671-1684, 1684-1686.

 

Surry County Orders, 1671-1691, Part 1 and 2.

 

Warner, Pauline Pearce, ed. Orphans Court Book of Henrico County, Virginia, 1677-1739. Tappahannock, Virginia, 1963.

 

Weisiger, Benjamin B., ed. Charles Ciy County, Virginia, 1687-1695: With a Fragment of a Court Order Book for the Year 1680. Richmond, 1980.

 

Abstracted Primary Sources

 

Davis, Eliza Timberlake, ed. Wills and Administratis of Surry County, Virginia, 1671-1750. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1955.

 

Duvall, Lindsay O., ed. James City County, 1634-1904. Book 6, land patents, Series II, Vol. 4. Washington, D.C., 1957.

 

Eckenridge, H. J., ed. List of the Colonial Soldiers of Virginia. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, Co., 1917/61.

 

_______, ed. Lancaster County, 1657-80. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Series II, Vol. 2. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1953.

 

Fleet, Beverley, ed. Essex County Records, 1703-6. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. 29. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1947.

 

_______, ed. Northumberland County Record of Births, 1661-1810. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. III. Richmond, Virginia, 1938.

 

_______, ed. Northumbria Collectanea, 1645-1720. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, A-L: Vol. 19; M-Z: Vol. 20. Richmond, Virginia, 1943/44.

 

McIntosh, Charles Fleming, ed. Brief Abstract of Lower Norfolk County and Norfolk County Wills, 1637-1710. Vol. I. Easley, South Carolina: Southern Historical Press, Inc., 1914/82.

 

Neville, John Davenport, ed. Bacon's Rebelion: Abstracts of Materials in the Colonial Records Project. Jamestown Foundation.

 

Nugent, Nell Marion, ed. Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1666-95. Vol. 2. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1977.

 

Stewart, R.A., ed. Abstracts of York County Wills. Richmond: Virginia State Library.

 

Torrence, Clayton, ed. Virginia Wills and Administrations, 1632-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1930-65.

 

Wilkerson, Eva Eubank, ed. Index to Marriages of Old Rappahannock and Essex Counties, Virginia, 1655-1800. Richmond: Whittet and Shepperson, 1953.

 

Periodicals

--------------

 

American Colonial Tracts Monthly.

 

The Journal of Southern History.

 

Tyler's Quarterly History and Genealogical Magazine.

 

Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.

 

William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine and William and Mary Quarterly.

 

Secondary Sources

 

Bell, Landon C. Charles Parish: York County, Virginia. Richmond: The Virginia State Library Board, 1932

 

Billings, Warren Martin. Virginia's Deploured Condition, 1660-1676: The Coming of Bacon's Rebellion. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms, Inc., 1969 Dissertation.

 

Boddie, John B. Colonial Surry. Richmond: The Dietz Press, Inc., 1948.

 

_______. Seventeenth Century Isle of Wight County: A History of the County of Isle of Wight, Virginia, during the Seventeenth Century, Including Abstracts of the County Records. Chicago: Chicago Law Printing Co., 1938.

 

Breen, T.H. and Innes, Stephen. "Myne Owne Ground": Race and Freedom on Virginia's Eastern Shore, 1640-76. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

 

Breen, T.H. Puritans and Adventurers: Change and Persistance in Early America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

 

_______. Tobacco Culture: The Mentality of the Great Tidewater Planters on the Eve of Revolution. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1985.

 

Bridenbaugh, Carl. Jamestown, 1544-1699. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980.

 

Brown, Richard Maxwell and Olson, Alison Gilbert, ed. Anglo-American Political Relations, 1675-1775. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1970.

 

Bruce, Philip Alexander. Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century. 2 Volumes. New York: MacMillan Co., 1895/1935.

 

_______. Institutional History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century. 2 Volumes New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1910.

 

_______. Social Lfe of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1907/64.

 

Carson, Jane. Bacon's Rebellion, 1676-1976. The Jamestown Foundation, 1976.

 

Cassel, Donna. Women Tavern Keepers in Colonial Virginia. James Madison University Thesis, 1985.

 

Cocke, Charles Francis. Parish Lines: Diocese of Southern Virginia. Richmond: Virginia State Library, 1964.

 

Craven, Wesley Frank. The Colonies in Transition, 1660-1713. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1968.

 

______. The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1607-89. Vol. I. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1949.

 

_______. White, Red and Black: The Seventeenth Century Virginian. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1971/77.

 

Dowdy, Clifford and Manarin, Louis H. The History of Henrico County. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1984.

 

Frantz, John B., ed. Bacon's Rebellion: Prologue to the Revolution? Lexington, Massachusett: D.C. Heath and Company, 1969.

 

Hiden, Martha H. How Justice Grew, Virginia Counties: An Abstract of Their Formation. Williamsburg: Virginia 350th Anniversary Celebration Corp., 1957.

 

Middlekauff, Robert, ed. Bacon's Rebellion. Rand McNally and Company, 1964.

 

Morton, Richard L. Colonial Virginia: The Tidewater Period, 1607-1710. Volume I and II. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 1960.

 

_______. Struggle Against Tyranny and the Beginning of a New Era, Virginia, 1677-1699. Williamsburg: Virginia 350th Anniversary Celebration, Corp., 1957.

 

Nash, Gary B. Red, White and Black: The Peoples of Early America. Englecliff, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1974.

 

Robinson, W. Stitt, Jr. Mother Earth: Land Grants in Virginia, 1607-99. Williamsburg, Virginia, 1957.

 

______. The Southern Colonial Frontier, 1607-1763. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979.

 

Rutman, Darrett B. and Anita H. A Place in Time: Explicatus. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1984.

 

______. A Place in Time: Middlesex County, Virginia, 1650-1750. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1984.

 

Shea, William L. The Virginia Militia in the Seventeenth Century. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983.

 

Smith, James Morton, ed. Seventeenth Century America: Essays in Colonial History. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, Inc., 1959/72.

 

Stanard, Mary Newton. The Story of Bacon's Rebellion. Washington: The Neale Publishing Company, 1907.

 

Swem, Earl Gregg, ed. Virginia Historical Index. Roanoke, Virginia: Stone Printing and Manufacturing Co., 1934-36.

 

Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins. Road to Revolution: Virginia's Rebels from Bacon to Jefferson, 1676-1776. richmond: Garrett and Massie Publishers, 1961.

 

Washburn, Wilcomb E. The Governor and the Rebel: A History of Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: The University of North Carolina Press, 1957.

 

Webb, Stephen Sanders. 1676: The End of American Independence. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

 

Wertenbaker, Thomas Jefferson. Bacon's Rebellion, 1676. Williamsburg: Virginia 350th Anniversary Celebration, Corp., 1957.

 

_______. Patrician and Plebian in Virginai: Or the Origin and Development of the Social Classes of the Old Dominion. New York: Russell and Russell, 1959.

 

_______. The Planters of Colonial Virginia. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1922.

 

______. Torchbearer of the Revolution: The Story of Bacon's Rebellion and It's Leader. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1940.